Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 24, 1906)
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TOSEPH G. CANNON, speaker of the houso of
J representatives, was renominated for con
gress at the republican convention held at Dan
ville, 111. This is Mr. xCannon's eighteenth con
secutive nomination. He made a strong protec
tivo tariff speech, declaring in favor of the "stand
. pat" plan, and said he was ready to stand or fall
by the record made by the republican congress.
He took issue with Samuel Gompers, president
of the' American Federation of Labor. He stated
that personally he was opposed to the legisla
tion domanded at the last session which sought
to prohibit courts from issuing injunctions in any
case, between employer and employe. He plainly
threw down the gauntlet to Mr. Gompers and his
associates. In this connection the story written
by the Washington correspondent for the Chicago
Record-Herald may be interesting. This corres
pondent says that it is believed that republican
leaders are deliberately courting a fight With
labor, leaders. -.
A WOMAN UNDERTOOK to' approach the
president in church at Oyster Bay, N. Y.;
With great difficulty she was removed by the
secret service agents. The woman's name was
Miss Asi L. Esac, An Oyster Bay dispatch says:
"She; presented herself early at the church today
and took a seat directly behind the pew usually
occupied by the Roosevelt family. When an
usher requested her to relinquish this seat she
refused. The usher forcibly removed her to the
rear of the church and Miss Esac says he tore
her gown. For this act she later applied for a
warrant for the usher, but was refused In the
rear oJ;he church Miss Esac refused to sit down."
A secret service agent stood beside her, and dur
ing the. service she made no less than a dozen
attempts i to get past him. As the president was
you speak to me a moment.' The president
tur.ned his head, as he passed, but did not panse."
T?VREDERICK TREVOR HILL, writing in Ap,
X?, pleton's Magazine, says: "There is.eyi-
denco that some members of the First" congress,
fully realized the .vast . importance and possibili
ties of , the Institution they had established in
the supreme court, .but it Is probable that the ma
jority little dreamed of the tremendous influence
" it" was destined to exert upon the history of the
nation. Certainly the earliest appointees to the
bench ha,d no reason to suspect the future glory
of their court as they traveled the wide circuits
throughout the thirteen states over bad roads,
In all sorts of weather, living, as one of them ex
pressed it, 'the life of postboys,' seeking business,
but literally finding none. Even as late as 1801
there were only ten cases on the docket of the
court, and during the next five years its calendars
averaged less than twenty-five cases a year. But
though the court did not at first attract any con
s derable number of litigants, Chief-Justice Mar
shall early demonstrated the immense powers with
which he and his associates had been intrusted.
It was not without a bitter struggle, however,
that the great jurist established the authority of
ins tribunal and, for many years his declarations
in the celebrated case of Marbury vs. Madison
were regarded as absurd pretensions which could
never be maintained. In this case, which was of
?Hf-wiCU ?r ,l?poiiancG 'in itself, Marshall in
itiated the doctrine that the supreme court might
and would invalidate any law which in itsudg
coMuSSon?" ,rovisions of the United States
BUT POWERFUL AS the United States su
rrn, ,pre!Se co,urt l8' lts I)0wer according to Mr.
Hill is after all that of public opinion. Mr Hill
fS8: 7?,ose who (loubt this an(l cherish a be
fi.1 mLSl c,urt J omnipotent can dissipate
.. ...umuua uy u giance at the records, which
hnrfv VlT ratG eVGn thlS mlShty JUHtal
body has not always been able to enforce its own
decrees. In the case of Chisholm a creditor of
Georgia sued the state in the supreme court and
recovered, a judgment in violation of what was
then considered the essence of state'sovereignty
Thereupon the legislature of Georgia retorted
with a bill prescribing the penalty ofdeath for
any one who attempted to realize upon such a
judgment, the plaintiff prudently forbore to press
his claim, and the court's retreat was covered
by the- adoption of the. eleventh amendment tor
the constitution, which virtually ousted it of juris
diction. In the Cherokee case, involving the te
lation of an Indian tribe to the local and national
governments, President Jackson disregarded the
mandate of the court, coolly remarking, 'Marshall
made the decision, now let him enforce it,' ana
public opinion not approving it, the decree was
never - executed. Again, in the Merryman case,
President Lincoln declined to honor a writ of
habeas corpus issued after he had suspended it,
and Chief Justice Taney, finding himself without
popular support,, was compelled to let the pro
THE TERMS OF fifteen democrats" and fifteen
"republicans, who have seats in the United
States senate expire on March 3, next. The dem
ocrats are: Bacon, Georgia; Bailey, Texas;
-Berry, Arkansas; Blackburn, Kentucky; Car-
mack, Tennessee; Clark, Montana; Dubois, Idaho;
Foster, Alabama, re-elected; Gearin, Oregon; Mc-'
Laurin, Mississippi, re-elected; Martin, Virginia;
'Morgan, Alabama; Patterson, Colorado; Simmons,
North Carolina; Tillman, South Carolina. The
republicans are: Alger, Michigan; Allee, Dela
ware; Benson, Kansas; Burnham, New Hamp
shire; -Crane, Massachusetts; Cullom, Illinois;
Dolliver, Iowa; Dryden, New Jersey; Elklns,
West Virginia; Frye, Maine; Gamble, South Da
kota; ' Millard, Nebraska; Nelson, Minnesota;
Warren; Wyoming; Wetmore, Rhode Island.
BULLETIN SENT "OUT by the democratic
l 'congressional committee says: "Some of
the democrats have already 'been re-elected and
others nominated by popular vote. Berry will
be succeeded by Davis, Blackburn by Paynter,
and Carmack by Taylor; Gearin will be succeed
ed by Jonathan Bourne, a republican. The states
of Montana, Idaho and Colorado are doubtful, so
the democrats have lost one, and three are in
doubt, - In the republican- list the states of Dela
ware, Kansas, Illinois, West Virginia and Rhode
Island are doubtful, five in all, but the chances
favor the republicans in most of these states.
The new estate of Oklahoma will elect two sena
tors and the outlook there is favorable to the
democrats. If a democratic tidal wave should
overwhelm the republicans this fall three or four
other states now ..counted as surely republican;
. would eject democrats,"
THE WASHINGTON correspondent for the
New York World, under date of August 13,
says: "The greatest fleet of modern warships
ever assembled under the American flag will ren
dezvous off Oyster Bay and be reviewed by" Presi
dent Roosevelt on September 3. It will be the
strongest fleet in tonnage and number of guns
ever assembled in American waters. Orders for
the formation of the Atlantic fleet, as this as
semblage of warships will be known, were issued
at the navy department today. The Atlantic fleet
will consist of forty-five vessels, representing all
-classes of the up-to-ditte navy, mounting 1,178
guns, commanded by 812 officers and manned by
15,235 jackies. Rear Admiral Robley D. Evans
Fighting Bob' has been designated as the commander-in-chief
and his flagship will be the Maine,
which will head the first squadron of 'the first
division as it passes in review before the presi
dent, who" will be on board the Mayflower."
THE LAS.T NAVAL review at Oyster Bay was
in August, 1903, and according to the
World's correspondent, cost the government in
the neighborhood of $250,000. This correspondent
says: "The review next month will far exceed
the one three years ago, both in number of
warships, armament and cost to the government.
Basing an estimate of the cost on that of three
years ago, the present review will tax the peo
ple in the neighborhood of $500,000, counting,
of course, -the deterioration of vessels and ma
chinery. This cost would have to, be figured on,
no matter where the warships were, but under
ordinary circumstances the deterioration would
be offset by the additional knowledge the officers
and men received as a result" of attending strictly
to the-naval routine. In Addition to giving the
president 'art opportunity to review the warships
the review will be a great thing for Oyster Bay
from a commercial viewpoint. Great quantities
of supplies will be bought by the warships, thou
sand' of visitors will be attracted to the village,
and every boatman for scpres of miles about Oys
ter Bay- will be able to get fabulous prices for
j.tiifcjiire of his boat for two or three days. Thou
raof shots will be fired from the six-pounder
gurts in' salutes, and each charge cost forty cents
a shot. In the last reyieyr 2,604 shots were fired
from7 the six-poiinde'rs, and because of the in
creased number of ships the number will be near
er 5,000 this year. The usual wear and tear on
battleships is estimated to be $9,000 a week, while
cruisers deteriorate at the rate of $3,000 a week.
In proportion to their cost torpedo boats deter
iorate more rapidly, than any other class. It is
estimated that the machinery and hull of these
boats deteriorate at the rate of $1,200 a week."
SOME ONE HAS discovered that Dolly Madi
son .was a poet. Appleton's Magazine offers
a- sonnet addressed by Dolly Madison to La
Fayette. This t sonnet-is published in fac-simile
from the original1 manuscript for the first time.
It is signed "D. P. Madison" and dated April 25,
1848.. ' ' '
"Born, nurtured, wedded, prized within the pale
Of peers and princes high in camp a cour,t '
He hears in joyous youth a wild report
Swelling the murmurs of the western gale, 0l
Of a young people struggling to be free. " ',
Straight quitting all, across the Wave lie flies1."' .
Aids with . his sWord, ". wealth, ; bjood, .'the Tiigh
emprize, " ' '" "
And shares the glories'; of "its victory.' Z""
Then comes for fifty years a high romance .
Of toils,' reverses, sufferings in the cause .. '
Of man and justice, liberty and France,
Crowned, at last, with hope and" wide applause..
Champion of Freedom! well thy race was. rim!
All time shall hail thee," Europe's noblest son!"
SENATOR WARNER of Missouri, is wondering
if the size of men's heads averages larger
in the west than in the east. Senator Warner,
who wears a 7 size hat, tried to buy a" new
headpiece in Washington just before he started
home. He says: "In Washington I made a tour
of every hat store there of any size and within
reach, and in Philadelphia, where they make the
-things, I tried to get a lid to fit me. Going after
wards to New York,- if I tried one shop I tried
twenty. Not a place had a 7. hat. My itiner
ary took me to Cleveland. I was thoroughly
ashamed of my old hat by the time I struck that
place, made famous by Cassie, and once more I
started out to find a 7 hat. Nary one. I did
not make much of an effort in St. Louis, because
by the time I got there. I was almost without
hope. However, I managed to screw up, courage
enough to go into four places. They all had up
to 7", but nothing bigger. Now for the odd part
of the experience: The very first shop I went
into in Kansas City resulted in this hat. I guess
there are more 7 heads in this neck of. the
woods than further east."
ASSISTANT SECRETARY RYAN- of the interior
department, acting for his superior, Secret
tary Hitchcock, gave out a statement in which,
he criticised Senator Warren of Wyoming, charg
ing that Warren sought to graft upon the Okla
homa statehood bill an amendment affecting min
eral lands in the territory. In this statement it
is claimed Secretary Hitchcock defeated the War
ren amendment and, as the statement says, saved
the school lands containing oil and minerals,'
which were estimated to be worth between one
and two million dollars. The Washington cor
respondent for the Denver News, referring to
this statement, says: "The Warren amendment
related to minoral,-leasos and, according to Hitch
- cock, was urged upon congress by 'attorneys re
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