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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 3, 1906)
! WHY NOT "STAND BY ROOSEVELT?"
A hot fight is on in republican ranks in Chi
cago between Representative Mann, who seeks
renomination and State Senator Parker, who
liopes to win the congressional seat now held by
The Cnicago Record-Herald charges that Mr.
Mann voted for the famous "mileage grab" at
a former session of congress; that he has been
caught sending out to the voters some 40,000
campaign letters and copies of his speech free
of postage; and that he belongs to that class of
men who "develop a theory that the government
exists for their benefit."
Mr. Mann's opponent, Mr. Parker, . boldly
charges that Mr. Mann has been "the active friend
or the innocent instrument of the illegal combina
tions and trusts or greedy corporations which
have lately sought legislation adverse to the pub
lic or resisted reasonable remedial and regulative
Parker asserts that Mann was really hostile
to railway rate regulation and that in conjunc
tion with Dalzell of Pennsylvania, and Senator
Elkins, Mann put through the amendment to the
interstate commerce law, providing that rich vio
lators of the interstate commerce law should not
be punished by imprisonment.
Mr. Mann does not waste his time in going
Into details as to his defense. Indeed, he does
not waste energy in an effort to make any de
fense. He simply falls back upon the republican
party's 1906 slogan, "Stand by Roosevelt," and
presents the following letter:
"Oyster Bay, N. Y., July 14, 1906. My
Dear Mr. Mann: Unfortunately that pen has
already been given to Senator Heyburn, the
author of the pure food bill in the senate.
Otherwise it would have been a real pleasure
to give it to you, either for you to keep your
self, or put in the Chicago Historical, society,
for I feel a very lively appreciation of the
work for the public that you did, both in
connection with securing the passage of the
pure food bill and in connection with all mat-
; ters for effectively furthering the work of
the Panama canal. We are all of us under
genuine obligations to you for the signal work
you have accomplished in these regards.
' ."With all good wishes, believe me, sincerely
yours. "THEODORE ROOSEVELT."
'Hon. James R. Mann, M. C, House of Repre
sentatives, Washington, D. C."
What matter though Mann was, at heart, op
posed to railway rate legislation? What matter
though he cast his vote in favor of the "mileage
grab?" What matter though he used the mails
for the distribution of campaign documents?
iWhat matter though as a member of congress
lie is the tool of corporations rather than the
servant of the people?
Does he not bear the Roosevelt stamp of
approval, and has it not been written by no less
an authority than the president himself, that but
for the vigilance of Senator Hqyburn, Mann
would be entitled to one of the famous "Roose
velt pens?" Why should any republican under
take to go behind the Roosevelt stamp?
With what reason does the editor of that fine
old republican paper, the Chicago Record-Herald,
question Mr. Mann's right to renomination?
.With what reason do other of Mr. Mann's "per
sonal and political enemies in Chicago raise ob
jection to his renomination and present in sup
port of their objections the proof of Mr. Mann's
services to the special interests?
When Mr. Mann is renominated and when
other republican congressmen who have been just
as faithful to the corporations as Mann has been
are renominated republican editors and repub
lican orators will be pleading for the re-election
of these republican congressmen, in order that
we may "Stand by Roosevelt."
If it will be the part of patriotism to "Stand
by Roosevelt" on election day by swallowing
every little corporation tool who wins nomination
at the hands of the republican party, then why
not "Stand by Roosevelt" at the primaries in the
support of one bearing the Roosevelt credentials?
Secretary of Agriculture Wilson has made
public the regulations, under the new law, re
garding inspection of meat products for inter
state and foreign trade. The regulations are said
to "cover the situation thoroughly." The" Asso
ciated Press describes one feature in this way:
"The provisions in regard to labeling carcasses
which are found diseased, and which have been
The Commoner. r
condemned, are very complete. A system of
tags, numbered in duplicate with rojwrts to the
Inspector in charge, who in turn reports to Wash
ington, will make it impossible for any carcass
which has once boon tagged by a department em
ploye to escape the vigilance of the inspectors.
.If such a carcass were spirited away the inspec
tor would know the fact at once. Running
through the regulations is a carefully prepared
scheme which will effectually prevent the en
trance into sausage, curing, canning and other,
chopped meat establishments of any carcasses
which were not inspected fold passed by federal
inspectors at the time of slaughter. Whenever
tho proprietor of an establishment questions the
action of an inspector in condemning any carcass
or meat he may take an appeal to the inspector
in charge, and from the inspector in charge,
if he desires, to the chief of the bureau
of animal industry, or to the secrotary of agri
culture, whose decision is final, so far as the
department is concerned."
But why depend upon tags or "reports of tho
inspector In charge?" Why rest entirely upon
"the vigilance of the inspector?" That Chicago
inspector who, becauso of his practical method
of treating condemned carcasses lost his job,
gave a valuable hint; but the secretary of agri
culture seems not to have profited by it. When
ever that particular inspector condemned a meat
carcass, he Injected into It a liberal quantity of
kerosene. There was then no danger that tho
carcass would be used.
A little coal-oil would come nearer prevent
ing the use of condemned carcasses than all
the regulations that might be framed by tho
department of agriculture.
The next governor of tho state of New York
will be a democrat. The next governor of New
York will be the next president of the United
States. New York Sun.
No democrat will be elected governor of New
York this year. The next president of the United
States will not be a democrat. New York World.
Which is interesting, apart from tho radical
difference of opinion expressed, because the re
publican prophet is predicting democratic suc
cess, while the democratic oracle guesses the re
publicans will win. Sioux City (Iowa) Journal.
It is also interesting from the fact that when
the Sun and the World were agreed they made
the greatest mistake in the record of prophecy.
The Sun and World insisted that if the democratic
party would become reorganized in 1904 it would
win, and if memory is not at fault the party re
ceived the worst drubbing ever administered to
a political organization.
Maybe it don't make much difference what
prediction either one of these great nevrspapers
and poor public advisers make. Maybe Now York
will choose a governor not to the liking of either
the World or the Sun, and maybe America will
choose a president without waiting for the aid or
consent of either J. Pierpont Morgan or Joseph
"THE SAME OLD STORY IN THE SAME OLD
In all the "trust busting" proceedings under
the present administration with two exceptions,
that of the broker Thomas and his clerk at Kan
sas City the corporation or the individual has
escaped with a fine.
A complaint against the corporation itself
seems to have been the preferred plan.
But when proceedings against an individual
seemed necessary, the complaint has with the
exceptions referred to been in such form as
would preclude the necessity for a prison sen
tence. In one instance tho arrogant monopolists
came very near the danger line. That was when
the beef trust magnates were in the federal court
at Chicago called to answer criminal indictments.
But lo, and behold! it developed at the critical
moment that Mr. Garfield, a distinguished repre
sentative of the administration, had taken the
pains to give the defendants an "Immunity bath"
, and thereby they were spared the humiliation
of serving a term in jail.
We' have had from representatives of this
administration, promises galore with respect to
the "trust busting" program. Tho latest was a
noisily given promise that the Standard Oil trust
would be proceeded against, "not- maliciously, of
course, but vigorously."
The first move made in this "vigorous prose-
' culion" after tho delivery of the president's fa
mous Standard Oil messago to congress waa
an inquiry at Clovcland, Ohio, by tho federal
grand jury. That grand Jury returned no indict
mont against these people, and it dovoloped that
tho Jury had been drawn by a jury commissioner
who had intlmnto personal and business rela
tions with John D. Rockefeller. Perhaps this
fact was not significant, although many people
so regarded It.
Then it was announced that tho government
would begin proceedings against the oil trust at
Chicago when "no mercy will bo shown,"
And now for the latest on this lino. Tho Chi
cago Record-Herald prints In its issue of July 25,
a dispatch from Cleveland, from which dispatch,
the following Is taken:
"Fines Instead of Imprisonment will bo
the punishment asked by tho United States
government for those found guilty of law
breaking in connection with the oil Industry.
"It was learned on excellent authority to
day that the proceedings soon to bo Instituted
in Chicago in connection witli the federal
inquiry will class tho offenses ns misdemean
ors Instead of felonies. Fine and imprison
ment, or both, attend conviction on tho latter
charge, while a fine alone is tho punishment
for tho former. This decision, It is learned
on tho same authority, will do away with any
grand jury inquiry in Chicago. Instead the
district attorney of Northern Illinois, if pres
ent plans are adhered to, will simply 'fllo In
formation,' in legal parlance, against the ac
cused men or concerns. They will then bo
haled into court as in an ordinary civil case,
and If the trial results in their conviction
they will be fined within tho limits proscribed
by the statutes of the United States govern
ment. Tho decision thus to change the lino
of attack Is of national 'import. The depart
ment of justice at Washington, it is learned,
has decided results can befit be obtained under
this new plan. Tho infliction of heavy fines
under the Elkins law or the general conspi
racy statute, it is held, not only will satisfy
the ends of justice, but at the same time have
a salutary effect in curbing illegal discrimin
ation and rate favoritism or trade opprossjpn
in tho future. It Is also believod that the re
sults aimed at can bo more speedily reached
than if an attempt were made to put offend
ers behind prison walls. Considerable specu
lation was caused as to what effect tho change
in plans would have upon the personal move
ments of John D. Rockefeller. Inquiry in
well-Informed circles brought the reply that
he personally was not considered in tho pros
pective change. That he will be one of those
against whom 'Information' is brought is
more than probable, but if he is convicted the
fine assessed against him is likely still to
leave him a comfortable bank account."
This Is "tho same old story in the same old
way." Imprisonment, the only effective method
of dealing with lawlessness, is avoided. "The
infliction of heavy fines" will not only "satisfy
the ends of justice;" but will have "a salutary
effect" in "curbing trade oppression in the fu
ture!" Also it is believed that "the results aimed
at can 6e more speedily reached than If an at
tempt were made to put offenders behind prison
How much longer are the people to be treat
ed to this campaign of buncumbe?
Senator Foraker, of Ohio, -was recently talk
ing about a politician whose erratic conduct had
estranged him from hte party.
"This man," said the senator, "was showing
a visitor over his new house in Washington the
other day. He exhibited the large drawing-room
in white and gold, the "spacious dining-room In
mahogany, the vast ebony hall with Its onyx pil
lars, and then ho led his visitor into the littlest
bit of a room off tho hall a mere cubby hole
containing nothing but a table and two chairs.
" 'Not very large, eh?' he said. 'Small and
cozy, isn't it? Here I entertain my political
"'Ah,' said the viBltor, 'it -will be large
enough for that.'"
One republican newspaper reproducing the
Foraker story says that it is plainly directed at
Senator LaFollette. If that be true then It is a "
misfit. No hall in Washington would bo large
enough to serve as a reception room for the "po- '
litical friends" of the Wisconsin senator.
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