The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, April 20, 1906, Page 4, Image 4
,, ..i.BOTTVflWHirjgffn. . pug 4 -v w The Commoner. k- S VOLUME 6", NUMBER 11 l''V'jp . .... 4 jik vu " ibl. ' - ' a iHn i. jl l v. n The Commoner WASHINGTON CITY LETTER. ISSUED WEEKLY WJIXIAM J. DllTAN ClUKLES w. BHTAW Editor and Proprietor. Publisher. ItiouAUO L. Mktoahth Editorial Itoomfl and Business Aflsoclato Editor. Onice 324-830 So. 12th Street. Entered at the postollco at Lincoln, Nebraska, as second clubs mall matter. One Year $1.00 Six Months 5'0o In Clubs of 5 or more por Year 75o Threo Months 25o Single Copy.. ..j. 5o Sample Copies Free Foroltfn Postage 52c Extra. SUBSCRIPTIONS can bo sent direct to Tho Com moner. Tlioy can also bo sent through nowspapera which havo advertised a clubbing rate, or through local agents, whoro sub-agents havo boon appointor. All remittances should bo sent by postofllco money order, express order, or by bank draft on Now York or Chicago. Do not Bond individual checks, stamps or money. 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Address oil communications to THE COMMONER. Lincoln. Ijeb MR. BRYAN ABROAD Mr. Bryan has completed his tour of India and a cablegram reports the safe arrival of him self and family at Cairo. He expects to spend a week or more in Egypt, going from there to tho Holy Land, where he will probably remain two of threo weeks. It is now his intention to go from Syria through Turkey and on to Moscow and St. Petersburg, Russia, where he will arrive short ly after the convening of the douma. Sweden, Norway, England, Ireland, Scotland, France. . Spain, Italy, Switzerland and Germansthis is about the order irwJUch beYillvisit the coun tries named, reaching the United States about tho middle of September. Immediately after the November election ho expects to visit Australia and New Zealand, which he was compelled to omit from his present trip to enable him to visit India and Egypt before the warm season was too far advanced. It begins to appear that Mr. Jerome exhaust ed his initiative in his prospectus. ' An observant public will note that the min ers, not the operators, offered to submit their differences to arbitration. The czar's idea of representative government seems to be to allow the people to elect their representatives and then throw the representa tives into jail. News of Mr. Hadley's illness and Mr. Rocke feller's reappearance appeared with considerable and remarkable simultaneousness. - " Mr. Carnegie declares that he has extracted much profit from the reading of poetry. If he will divide the profit with those who write it he will be doing a really philanthropic work. Mr. Baer asserts that he and his fellow coal barons are merely protecting the public. But just the same no shepherd is going to be foolish enough to follow the Baer precedent and employ a lot of wolves to look after his sheep. The Houston Daily Post has just celebrated its twenty-first anniversary. Tho Post is a great democratic nmyspaper, deserving of all the sue cess it has achieved, and In line for even greater work for democracy in the future. The Com inou?r wishes it many, very many, happy returns A Youngstown, O., readers asks for the namo of the author of the poem containing the line nnS hnn "J, ln,n5y ll0UB0 by th0 8lde of tho road and be a friend to man." This pnem was writ ten by Sam Walter Foss, author o 'Poeml of War and Peace" and other verses. It to been Washington, D. C. April 16. The indications aro that the national publicity bill will be acted upon this session by tho house of representa tives. The measure was referred to the houso committee on tho election of president, vice presi dent and representatives in congress. The com mittee have granted several hearings on the bill. It was introduced in tho house by Representativo McCalh of Massachusetts; in the senate, by Mr. Patterson, of Colorado. The leaders among tho laboring people are conspicuous this year in communicating the in telligence to those who have looked into tho situation that the working men of the country will have numerous candidates of their own run ning for congress. For two months or more they have been formulating plans to obtain directly and definitely from both republican and demo cratic candidates their position on questions which the labor leaders regard as being either in favor of or against the wage-earners of the United States. And it is stated by these same leaders in the most positive terms that the in quiries will be pressed as fast as candidates for congress are nominated by the political parties. As ono of the labor representatives stationed here to watch the progress of events put it they propose to run candidates of their own In certain districts should it be found that the democrats or republicans have in the field men whom the labor organizations can not support. In speak ing of the departure that is to be made, one of the well known labor leaders said substan tially: "The working men of this country will have more to do with politics this year, in my opinion, than ever before in the history of the country. Heretofore our organizations have been backward in coming out openly and running can didates for congress in districts in which have been nominated men who are objectionable to us We want our people to take a hand In the elec tions in districts in which none of the regular Jjitical parties Have brought out men upon jKnQvwe can depend to see that labor has its rights protected. In years gone by the labor vote has been manipulated, and I regret to con fess too often so called leaders supposed to have the welfare of the toiling masses at heart have played fast and loose with us, and I fear they have, in many instances, profited by using their inuence to swing voters Into line for candidates who did nothing for the cause of labor after be ing sent to Washington." Nearly all the labor representatives who have been in Washington during the present session of congress complain bitterly that the republican managers have been promising them many things asked, for in the way of legislation, but they aro painfully slow In carrying out the promise. They talk as if the republicans have not kept faith with them and, according to the frame of mind they are in just now, there is a general disposition to have a reckoning with the "grand old p wty" candidates next November. One of the most serious complaints heard almost daily in the corridors of the capitol against the high officials of the administration 1b that the repub licans have failed to carry out their promises regarding the eight hour law on government work. They cite, as one notable instance, the construction of tho mammoth filtration plant in the District of Columbia, which was completed last year and which required several years to . put in working order. It is charged that the officials worked the mechanics and laborers ten hours a day instead of eight, as the force had been made to believe would be the case. In the fifty-eighth congress Hon. William Hughes, of Patterson, N. J., was a democratic member of the house committee on labor. Mr. Hughes was most active in trying to have the regulations ob served. Labor representatives state that "during his term in the house he kept right after the officials for violating the eight hour regulations, and he had a large number of letters from these officials on the subject. Mr, Hughes has all the correspondence, it is said, and it has been copied for use by labor organizations to show that the officials referred to did not treat the mechanics and workingmen right in compelling them to work over-time on the -Washington city filtration plant. It is asserted that this is but one of tho many instances that could be cited Another thing that is said to anger the labor people is that the senate interstate commerce committee is holding up the railroad liability bill Mr. Elk ns, of West Virginia, is chairman of this committee, which is the same one that had the railroad rate bill in charge. Senators Aldrlch, Kean, Foraker, Crane and other repub licans constitute the majority of the committee. They held up the rate bill, it will be recalled, as long as they could, and finding they could no longer resist public sentiment fixed up a scheme to have Senator Tillman report and manage the rate bill on the floor of the senate a task that the South Carolina statesman did not shrink from. Indeed, he was anxious toassume the responsibil ity. Nearly two months ago Senator Daniel and other democrats tried to get the senate to act on this railroad liability bill in the interest of the 600,000 railway employes of the United States who have been asking for the legislation for many years. The labor leaders say that all these men are watching the congressional proceedings closely and are noting from time to time the at tempts being made to prevent legislation on the subject. The house passed the bill after a great pressure had been applied at that end of the capitol. There was but one. democratic vote against it in that body. If the committee over which Mr. Elkins presides does not hurry mat ters it is understood that Senator Daniel, of West Virginia, will offer the liability bill as an amend ment to the railroad rate bill. Labor leaders who have reached the conclusion that the interstate commerce committee will not act are strongly of the opinion that the amendment will be adopted unless it should be ruled out on a point of order. However, they say that if Mr. Elkins and his republican associates on the committee' persist in holding the liability bill back and no action is taken on it this session the Tvorkiingmen of the country will know where to place the re sponsibility. They will see to it, they declare, that every labor organization in the United States shall be acquainted with thef fact that there has been no democratic oposition to a measure that the railroad employes have demanded for the past ten or more years. Quite a number of the , prominent labor leaders whose duties require them to be stationed- here in the interests of legislation affecting the welfare 6r the wage earners are not a bit mealy-mouthed in admitting that during the past decade the labor vote was cast heavily for republican candidates at the na tional elections. In consideration of this -support, and without which the republicans would undoubtedly have been badly defeated, some of these labor representatives do not hesitate to proclaim publicly that the managers of the re publican party are not grateful to the classes that contributed so much to their success. Few of the senators look for a vote on the railroad rate bill before the end of April It seems to be the policy of Mr. Aldrich to keep the measure hanging in the air until he can ar range deals to strengthen the opposition to the general proposition. The Rhode Island senator continues his policy of saying very little as to ?if I???'. That Se stiU hopes eitner to defeat all legislation on the subject no well posted per son for a moment doubts. If he fails in that pur p 5,e J?6,11,6,1 move on the Pa of Mr. Aldrich and his followers will be to incorporate in the measure a court review amendment that will be hSS?1 bth ? the majOTity of the senatl and house democrats. Mr. Aldrich appears to ilTeZL? defeat& the Bailey amendment. for nXbably C?rreCt In WS abllIty tO dO this, wVfin a numl)er f the senate republicans want the Long amendment placed in the bill Senator Tillman and perhapgPa majority of the ranratH Df the upper branch of congress do not sanction the Long proposition, even though Whiteous? VG bGen prePared at tho ALFRED J. STOFER. NEBRASKA DEMOCRATIC, EDITORS The Nebraska Democratic Editorial associa tion will meet in annual session in Lincoln May tz. The purpose of the meeting is to discuss EX? m?aDS. for furtherance of deZ cratic principles, to become better acquainted and to outline a plan of action for the campaign that will soon open. Democratic newspapers are not numerous in Nebraska, but the averag? is mora than enough to make up for any lack of numbers. The democratic weekly press of no other state numbers better papers, more thoroughly demo cratic ed tors or more faithful exponents of Jef fersonianism. In season and out of season through stress and storm, the democratic editors of Nebraska have been found at their posts doine double duty, and their influence has been tort beyond the confines of the state. rttx- ,!"