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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (June 16, 1905)
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VOLUME 5, NUMBER 22
achUHotts in his offlcial capacity the
governor would bo compelled to de
tail Lieutenant aoneral Miles as one
of tho chlof mombers o his staff to
greet tho chlof executive."
William W. Karr, disbursing clerk
of the Smithsonian institute at Wash
, ingtou, has been arrested on tho
charge of embezzling $45,000.
Reports concerning the federal
grand jury at Chicago investigating
tho beo trust are to tho effect that
there is small chanco of any indict
ments being returned. Federal At
torney Morrison visited Washington,
and according to tho Chicago Record
Herald told Attornoy Goneral "Moody
that tho testimony taken by the grand
jury has been barren of results, and
that tho whole investigation has been
fruitless. President Roosevelt, ac
cording to tho same authority, has
demandod of tho department of jus
tice "a showing of actual results
which will warrant indictments," but
tho character of tho testimony pre
sented does not seem to justify in
dictments. Tho Record-Herald says:
"In defense of the district attornoy
it is said that ho was acting under
positive instructions from Washing
ton defining the class of witnesses
that should be called, and that how-
over unsatisfactory they might be
found, ho was not to bo blamed under
Governor Higginsof Now York an
nounces that he will call an extra
session of the legislature for the pur
pose of investigating charges made
against mombers of tho stale judiciary.
King Alfonso of Spain after leav
ing Paris repaired to London, where
he became the guest of King Edward.
It was proposed that the Panama
Canal Commission import Oriental
aliens under, contract to perform labor
on the canal. Attorney-General Moody
says that these conditions are those
of involuntary servitude and that they
cannot prevail on any territory sub
ject to United States jurisdiction.
Attorney General Moody further holds
that the act of August 1, 1902, which
limits and restricts to eight hours
the daily service of laborers and me
chanics employed by the United States
government applies to persons work-
, Ing on the Panama Canal. It does
not, however, apply to tho office force
, of the Isthmian Canal Commission or
to any employes of the government
who are not within the ordinary mean
ing of the words "laborers and mechanics."
tween President Folton and tho gen
eral offices in Chicago."
Governor James K. Vardeman of
Mississippi has announced that the
board of trustees of the Stato Uni
versity has declined the offer of An
drew Carnegie to give tho institution
$25,000 provided a like amount was
put up by the stato for library pur
poses. , ,
Maudp Adams, the famous actres's,
underwent an operation for appendi
citis at New York recently, and al
though for several weeks her life was
despaired of, she is now reported to
be out of danger.
A movement has been inaugurated
to commemorate the 250th anniver
sary of the settlement of the Jews in
the United States. The anniversary
of the actual landing occurs Septem
national brotherhood of teamsters and
leader in the Chicago strike has, with,
other strike-leaders, been arrested on
the charge of conspiracy.
President Roosevelt has accepted
an equestrian statuette of himself as
colonel of the Rough Riders. It was
the work of Sculptor MacMonnies.
1 A number of Americans on the Isth
miari' Canal 'Zone have been stricken
with yellow fever.
The St. Louis Star and the St. Louis
Chronicle, afternoon papers, have on
solldtited under the name of The Star-Chronicle.
Jacob H. Schiff, who has been a
member of the Equitable board for
twelve years, has resigned. T. Jeffer
son Coolidge of Boston, and Melville'
E. Ingalls of Cincinnati have also re
William Zeigler, patron of Arctic ex
plorations is dead. He left an estate
estimated to be worth $3Cr,000,000.
C. P. Shea, president of the Inter-
James 'H. Hyde, vice president of
thb Equitable, has resigned as direc
torrof the Frlck banrcs of Pittsburg.
This is another of the many inter
esting moves in the Equitable muddle.
Three Russian ships put into Ma
nila Bay, and the American represent
atives are considerably agitated by
the question as to how long these
vessels should be permitted .to remain
there. The authorities at Manila have
been advised that thb twenty-four
hours limit must be strictly enforced,
that necessary supplies and coal must
bo taken on within that time, and
that time should not be given for re-
j pair of damage suffered in battle.
road capital is about eleven win
of dollars. The gross railroad "j3
ings per annum amount to one mS
quarter billions, something more than
double the receipts of the United stiff
government from all sources, and con
siderably greater than the intcrZ'
bearing debt of the United stJS'
which, on June 30, 1899, amounted to
a little over one billion dollars The
railroad companies operate 185 ooo
miles of road and employ nearly 'ono
million of men, who, with their fam.
iliea, make about five millions of our
population dependent upon tho rail,
roads for their daily living.
The government has appropriated
from time to time $320,000,000 to im
prove our harbors and rivers, yet these
great railroad corporations assume the
right to make any rate to points
reached by vessels, necessary to "drive
them out of the waters," while yet
maintaining high local rates to inter
Like all other great aggregations of
wealth, the management of these great
quasi-public corporations stand op
posed to the democratic party, since its
rehabilitation on the principle of
"equal rights to all, special privileges
to none.," would signal the vitalizing of
the interstate commerce law and sound
President Roosevelt on Democratic Ground
Archbishop Francis Albl- Symon of
Rome, a personal representative of the
Pope, is visiting in this country.
The Chicago and Alton Railway has
made arrangements for the establish-
, ment of a w eless telegraph system
on all trains running between Chica-
go and St. Louis. A Chicago dis
patch carried by tho Associated Press
says: "That the wireless telegraph
can bo us:d on fast moving trains
with entire satisfaction was demon
strated today by the Alton road when
- messages were sent from Chicago to
the officials of the road traveling on
tho limited train running between
Chicago and St. Louis. Tho obser
vation car i the train was equipped
. with wireless apparatus and while
. - running at the rate of flftv miles an
hour, messages were oxchanged be-
Your.dlsagrceablo feeling when travel
ing, such as headache, car-sickness, sea
sickness, or nervousness, are all duo to
apitated nerves. Quick relief Is Invari
ably obtained by taking Dr. Miles' Anti
Pain Pills. They calm and refresh tho
woaiT nerves, and relieve you from all
misery and- pain. 25 doses, 2? cents.
Nover sold In bulk.
As a reminder 6f the manner in
which democrats have urged tho rail
road policy to which Mr. Roosevelt is
committed, a chapter from the demo
cratic campaign book of 1900 is inter
esting. This chapter is entitled "The
Railroad Question Discrimination in
Favor of tho Trusts." This extract
from tho democratic campaign book is
particularly interesting at this time.
It is as follows:
Comparatively little attention has
yet been given to the great domestic
and practical question of the control
(not ownership) of those great trusts,
the public transportation lines.
In 1887 congress passed what was
known as the interstate commerce law,
which was intended by those who took
part. in its enactment, to regulate the
interstate railroad rates of the coun
try and afford some protection to the
small shipper as against his great Com
petitor, who, was and is, fattening off
of the special privllegesgrantejd him
by the railroads. The senate commlt
teo on interstate commerce reported
that year to the senate that "the effect
of the prevailing policy of railroad
management, is by an elaborate system
of secret rates, rebates, drawbacks and
concessions, to foster monopoly, to en
rich favored shippers, and to prevent
free competition in many lines of trade
in which the item of transportation Is
an important factor; and, that "rates
are established without apparent re
gard to the actual cost of the service
performed, and are based largely on
"what tno traffic will bear."
It was contemplated by its trainers
that the act to regulate interstate com
merce would correct this condition of
affairs, but its application and con
struction by tho courts have tended to
Under the decisions of the United
States supreme court, with this law on
the statute book, declaring that all
rates shall "be reasonable and just"
and that 'unjust and unreasonable
rates" are unlawful, the railroads may
still charge whatever rates they see
proper and thero is power in no com
mission, in no court, to say them nay.
That this is true, read what tho su
premo court said in the caso of tho
C. N. O. & T. P. Ry. vs. Interstate Com
merce Commission, 162 U. S., 184:
Whether congress intended to confer
upon the interstate commerce commis-
OR PHM RKTl'UNKD.
Froo oplnlou ns to Pat
entability. Send for
Guldo Book and What to Invent, llnost publication
Issued for froo distribution. Patonts secured by us
artvortlsod at our oxponso. Evans, Wllkcns&Co.,
C15 F St. Washington, D. O.
sion the power to itself fix rates was
mooted in the courts below and is dis
cussed in the briefs of counsel.
"This appears to be the present basis
of the value, of railway property. If
the. people need a fixed rule or law for
establishing the basis of rates, the com
panies need it even more. But such a
law, to be just or beneficially effective,
should consider the rights of both par
ties." Mr. M. E. Ingalls, president of the
Big Four and the Chesapeake & Ohio,
in an address to the convention of
state railroad commissioners in Wash
"It i3 well, perhaps, that we should
look the situation fairly in the face,
and while I do not care to be an alarm
ist, I feel bound to describe plainly to
you the condition today, so that you
may understand the necessity for ac
tion. Never in the history of railways
have tariffs been so little respected as
today. Private 'arrangements "and un
derstandings are more plentiful than
regular rates. The large shippers, the
irresponsible shippers, are obtaining
advantages which must sooner or later
prove the ruin of the smaller and more
conservative 'traders, and in the end
will oreak up many of the commercial
houses in this country and ruin the
railways. A madness seems to have
seized upon some railway managers,
and a large portion of the freight of
the country is being carried at prices
far below C03t."
The Standard Oil trust is often hald
up by our republican friends as an ex
ample of a great trust not founded
upon the import tariff. That is true.
But no trust in this or any other coun
try has ever received such rebates
from the railroads as this combination.
It has not onl; received rebates upon
its own shipments below that paid by
any other producer of oil, but it 13 said,
ana very generally believed, that it has
actually demanded that the railroads
collect an excessive rate from tho in
dependent oil rei,nor and pay that ox
cess to the Standard Oil company.
Notali other causes combined have
contributed so potently to the estab
lishment and power of trusts a3 the
one thing of freight rate discrimina
tion. .For a moment consider the enor
mous magnitude of tho railroad busi
ness of this country. Tho total rail-
Subscribers' Advertising Department
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Washburn, Marion, 111.
T IFE AND SPEECHES OF W. J.
V Bryan. Illustrated, octavo, 4C5 pages,
Published in 1900, nothing later In print.
A few copies, last of publishers' stock,
at greatly reduced prices, beautiful cloth
binding, $1.00; half morocco, $1.25: post
age prepaid. G. H. Walters, 2245 Vine
St,r Lincoln Nebraska.
l(MR ORWIG HAS BEEN FOR MORE
LTJ- than twenty-flvo years one of the most
prominent and successful solicitors of patents
in the West, and I know of no one better nimu
fled to furnish the information here desired.
He Is not only an adept in his profession, but
li Ir. MAAmvtAW nn1 nlillnnMinnntcf flCtVOll 110
Is a friend or the masses, and believes in fair
play in the practice of the Golden Rule-m
matters of business." A printed chapter about
patent law. inventions and patents, sent ire"
to all applicants Consultation and advice about
securing patents free. Solicitors of patents.
Thomas G Orwig & Co.. Pes Moines, Iowa
r. OLD DOLLARS EASILY MADE. J
have made over $1,100 a yr,J,or
four years selling tho Co-ro-na Meuic.i
tor. It Is the best thing for Catarrh rum
diseases of the air passages I over foaw.
I only need to show it and let a person
use It for five minutes, and it is soiu.
Many of your readers can make money "
thoy begin now. Write E. J. Worst, JJ
Elmore Block, Ashland, O.. and ask ior
best terms on tho Co-ro-na. Got one on
a day's trial free. If satisfactory, sena
him $1, (half price,) and if not rotuin
That is the way I started and have sow
thousands. A. L. Tabor.
WANTED-BYA JEFFERSONIAN DEM;
crat. with three years actual oxpe
rlenco In writing f&r tho press, a Ps'1'""
as associate, or department edltoi, , o. .
weekly, democratic nowspapor, or
Write feature articles, at spaco ie.
Address E. C. P., qare of Box Jso. J
INFORMATION WANTED. MRS. AJNA
x M. Harlin. Oedar Bluffs, Neb., is anx! us u
secure Information concerning tne )""la
nbouts of her son Wm. G. Harlin, last seen i i
Seattle. Wash. Anyone able, to fflvo Informa
tlon desirod please address Mrs. Anna M. narm
Oedur Bluffs, Neb,
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