The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, October 28, 1904, Page 8, Image 8

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The Commoner.
Home Dross-Making
Noarly ovory one, now-a-days, uses
paper patterns in cutting out gar
ments, but not every one has perfect
success with them. To put the
various parts together properly is an
art, and requires some little idea of
the business of dressmaking, or other
s'ewing. The difference botween the
tastefully dressed woman and the
woman who always looks like a dowdy
is not the difference in material, but
depends upon the cutting, iitting and
p.utting togother of the various parts.
One who has tried dressmaking has
learned that, while some of tftem un
- dorstand their business, others can
not be trusted with the scissors, and
sowing machine, not to mention the
paper pattern. Even paper patterns
must bo handled with intelligence.
A pattern must bo followed closely;
it is supposed that their makers know
their business, and have their reputa
tion to sustain. But sometimes the pat
terns seem "possessed," and simply
will not work. But the fault is rarely
in the pattern; It Is usually a mis
adjustment to the cloth or to the
iigure to be fitted. The perfectly
proportioned woman is seldom found
in, the dressmaker's hands; a figure
whose main measurements correspond
with a 36-inch bust may have a nar
rower back or a longer or shorter
arm than the pattern. A slim figure
may be shorter, a stout figure tailor
than the average, while a hollow chest
or large hips "may cause measure
ments to vary. But with ordinary
care and a little intelligent thought,
with a correct selection of the pat
tern, it can be adjusted to the figure.
In measuring for a pattern, the
tape line should bo placed over the
fullest portion of the body. In meas
uring for a skirt, let the starting
point he upon the hip, six Inches be
low the waist. The waist may be
small In proportion to tae hips, and
it Is easier to take in the seams at
the waist line than to widen the skirt
where the hips are fullest. If, in
stead of the waist being small, it is
large in comparison, the hip measure,
starting six inches, below the waist
Is still the best, for in such cases the
seams should be cut larger near the
top, so they can be let out to the size
required. Do not interfere with the
outline of the skirt pattern. Many
women have a habit of whacking it
off ruthlessly at the top or the bot
tom, and then blaming the pattern
maker for her spoiled garment. If
the skirt pattern is too short, meas
ure exactly as many Inches as the
pattern is lacking and insert a piece
of that width just above the knee
and the hang or slope of neither the
top nor bottom will be altered; the
correct flare will be retained, and the
top will adjust itself about the hips.
If the pattern, is too short for the
figure, ascertain the exact length re
quired, then fold a tuck straight
across the pattern a little above the
knee line. The tuck should be just
deep enough to take up the overplus
in length, and It should bo plnnod
securely in position.
This lengthening or shortening pro
cess should be repeated on each sep-
Enanklner does
cnliies. If It did
that would do it.
lor una, Mra. M.
Ind., will send
mother. She
If your children
blame the child.
not cure children of urine dtm-
fhV r'" "S. ST.
...w.u i.uiiowiuiiuuat cause
Summers, Box 169, Notre Damo
rVT """ nuHiinent xo nny
Lyuin.lh!?t Don?
-v vuv,,-,Dr,5 ncuirmeipit.
arate gore at the same distance from
the top of the pattern, and If the
projecting piece formed by the tuck
is turned in on the outer or bias side
of p.nnh trnm bhn RlHrf will Vionrr nnn.
fectly, its length will be correct, and
"' xiviiao uicoaujuivui win, uy inu tun
ing the notches and other markings,
according to directions on tho pattern,
' ntLiu uuuuuiujr iu fctJLLUlfcJ out a
satisfactory garment, if care is taken
in putting the seams together with
out "puckering." Selected".
Sauor Krtwit
Select only solid, perfect heads. Cut
the cabbage early in the morning and
let lie in cold water half an hour be
fore sneing. Have the barrel or keg
vvell scalded, clean and well aired,
rut a layer of one pint of salt in the
bottom of the barrel, then a layer
of finely sliced cabbage about six
inches deep some say a bushel of
sliced cabbage and pound the cabbage
down tightly; then another layer of
salt, alternating cabbage and salt un
til the barrel or keg is full, adding a
tnen a wooden cover, and put a lieavy
uiciia wuuuou cover, ana pus a heavy rea i,. to remove the stains of
weight on the cover. The cabbage will Paint from the hands and face, wet the
iu,iv ilo own urine ana it snoniri tin auuts witn turnent no hofn WOahtn
kept weighted down so tho brine will and rub with a soft- cloth; if tar or
cover it, else it will snoil. wmi for. machine gtrjisa m. v .!.
cover it, else it will spoil. While fer
mentation is progressing, the cloth
r"Tit 4-Tin 4-- !,-. .1-1 i. -
mouia"u" ia progressing, me cloth IU ruoomg it well in, and then
over tho top should be washed clean was with warm soap and water usinc.
every day to romove the scum that a handful of corn mni wit nA c,7
- ' -- w vu.u uuum mai
gather, doing this .until it begins to
clear well. When fermentation ceases.
Tirtlfsil Ttrll'l 1 i i
.rxxu vm ue m aDout two weeks in
summer and four in wfnmr tm in,.f
will be fit to eat. Be sure to covGr
and weight every time any is taken
bing quickly with a soft cloth dip
ped in vinegar and water, going woii
into the corners, If they cannot be
removed from the stove.
Busy Bee. A mixed lot of hardy
bulbs will do very well for your out
doors bloom, but the indoors, large
uulbs of the Roman hyacinth will give
uetter satisfaction, though they will
cost more.
Bashful. The defect is more ap
parent to you than to any one else.
Try massaging the lobe of the ear to
make them smaller. Bed hair is con
sidered beautiful by many people, and
is far from objectionable if given
goqd care.
Worried. Get one ounce of glycerine
and mree ounces of rose water, and
DUt in a bottlfi. At: nie-hf wnah fha
hands well with warm water, and some
good white soap, then dry carefully,
mu juui into tue paim a lew arops
of the mixture, and rub all over the
hands and wrists until it dries in. If
tho skin is badly chapped, use com
mon corn meal with the soap, and
ouuui uie nanas ana wrists well with
and put to cook in a moderately h
oven, basting often with the mJX
ialted water in the pan unUl tt
For a sauce, add to the water left
- , u muiuaijuomui or Worces
ter sauce, one of good tomato catsup
and the juice of a lemon; beat a heS
ing teaspoonful of flour in a little coi.i
Tvater, and thicken the gravy m th
pan by letting it boil up once, Z
serve hot. ' u
!. i v r " ""UA"
iuou luym ui auit, ana pounamg each " ueiore wasning it off; always rinse
layer of cabbage down tightly as it in clean warm water before using the
is put in. Cover with a clean cloth, glycerine. Don't use Rnnnt.P.1 n.n
tnen a wooden cover, and n n Tinw Fred T,. Tn romr f '
Fred L. To remove the stains of
machine crease, ruh fhn 'annta no-h
lard, rubbing it well in, and then
WooT, -rrfl!-. . i
a handful of corn meal with tho soap
and. scour well. When dry, apply the
glycerine mixture, as above. A boy
uua ua mucn ngnt to look nice as nis
sister, and should try to do so.
Requested Recipes
Pumpkin Custard. Pare and cut up
suincient raw pumpkin to make two
quarts of blocks; put them into a
steamer with one cup of water and
half teaspoonful of salt. Steam until
perfectly tender; there should not be
a particle of water when the pumpkin
is done. Press through a sieve add
two tablespoqnfuls of butter, and stand
in an ice chest or where it will keep
cold, until morning. Then add to the
pumpkin one nint. nf rinh min,
eggs beaten with one cup of powdered
yjx ijuiveiiseuj sugar, teaspoonful of
x',.UwxGU wuuuiuuu, una tne grated
rind and juice of one lemon. Turn this
mixture into small custard cups and
bake In a moderate oven for one hour
Serve cold with a teaspoonful of
whipped cream on each custard, dusted
thickly with powdered sugar
Panned Oysters.-Place small squares
of a pan; place on each one
as many oysters as can be laid on
without crowding; season with pepper
and salt and a bit of butter and cook
CT,ed iVhe oven unt Plump and
curied at the edges. Serve very hot
White Sauces.-One cup of milk one
tablespoonful each of butter and 'flour
and half teaspoonful of salt Heat ihl
ffljJL toP' aoVble
heated Tk and iix thorcughV Add
-M uuiv wiun tne water boilinc imm
well thickened, stirring often to keep
it smooth. This sauce is used fo?
cream toast, creamed vegetables and
escalloped dishes. fatoies, ana
Baked FIsh.-Have your fish cleaned
nicely, sa t and fill with bread crumbs
and lay In a nnn riro,io- iit. r..
and drop bits of sweet butter all .oyer
Quory Box
A. M. Visiting cards, vary but. lit
tle in size or shape from season to
. Anna. Mrs.' Garfield Is the only pri
vate person' who has the right to a
free use of the postal service.
Mrs. S. J. Your garments' should
be hung out to air and freshen every
time they are used, and this will free
them from any odor of perspiration.
Querist. The Mississippi building
on the exposition grounds at St. Louis
is a copy of Beauvoir, the home of
Jefferson Davis on tho Gulf coast, and
its construction cost $1,500.
Frank M. The area covered by the
St. Louis exposition is 1,240 acres
The great Corliss engine that furnished
tho power for the Centennial exnositinn
faffCo' Sep0oXwPeOfl0n- "
L. C. M. The subject is not that
may be discussed openly in a family
Tali t!i05h its Portance Is not
to be denied. You will find it thor
oughly treated in the popular med
ical works to be had of your physician
or from the public library. Jf&luan
HniiRfvwIfo nv... - ..
use a little coa oVth b: ric.c r flouf ScTS ,t?gethor the :
pulverized, and lime: wn3 in w vS,0".,"?1. .a a little of the
water and polish with common whit
ing. Some kinds of acid will brighten
it quicker, but this method is better
Laura C.To restore the color of
tho black lace which has become rusty
wash in a solution of strong vinegar
and water, rinse in coffee, and iron
while damp with a piece of am flan
nel laid over it.
Hattie. You hrin j.t,
glass windows in your stove by rub- ft- intni'8 f SWeet buttor alloW
tuvo uy run t, Into the pan pour a little water,
Hardy Bulbs
It is to be hoped that you have
sent in your order, ere this, lor your
uulbs for either indoors or outdoors
planting; -for it- is quite time they
Were in tho soil. It is not yet too
late, however-, and you should t n
have at-least a few, both for the sprin
garden and for the house. Thera is
nothing, surer to bloom, and surely
nothing sweeter than these little chil
dren of the spring sunshine. Bulbs
should be put into the grouna as soon
as received. The florist sends them
out wrapped in paper, and the wrap
pings should not be removed, espe
cially from UlifiR nnrl Rimh hulhu ,,mi
one is ready to pot or plant them,
u uiey part quiciuy witn the moisture
when exposed to the air. The scales
of lily bulbs often become soft and
flabby when left in the light, as they
nave parted with what is the life-
blood of the plant. If it is not possible
to plant your bulbs as soon as received,
put them in the collar, or some other
cool, moist place, and attend to tho
matter as soon as possible.
It is best to have your bed or soil
prepared before the bulbs reach you,
so that there shall be no delay. The
best soil for bulbs is a sandy loam; if
your soil is rather heavy, lighten it
with sharp sand and turfy matter, ad
ding a quantity of old, well rotted
manure, may be found about
an bid barn or cowshed. Do not make
the bed where the water will stand on
it during the winter. If, the situation
is low, dig the ground up at least a
foot deep, and fill in six inches deep
with old crockery, tin cans, old shoes,
or any such refuse, and then add your
soil, rounding the bed up a ..ttle, and
planting your bulbs properly. Any
florist's fall catalogue, which can bo
had for the asking, will tell you at
what depths to plant the different
ands of bulbs, and the treatment to
give them. Unless you have studied
these catalogues, you have : o idea of
the amount of information as to plant
liffi nnrl miftnrA rHrAnHnna. conora! in-
structions as to hardiness, habits of
growth, etc., one can get from this
source. Put a loop of twine through
the back o the panphlet and keep it
hanging on a nail where you can
rfinnh ff wlillo "rnaHnfr" rhirlns? the
day. Of one thing, however, I must
warn you there is no failure In the
catalogue garden, however many there
may be in your own.
Chinese Stxcrod Lily
In answer to several correspondents,
will .say, the Chinese sacred lily is a
hardv narcissus of the polyanthus
Icind. The bulb should be put in water,
not soil, though it will grow in sou.
A dish, or other suitable receptacle,
holding about two quarts of water is
a good sized for one bulb, ana in iu
bottom of this should be placed a tea
cupful of sand, on which the bulb is
to be set. Around the- bulb and on
top of it should be piled any pretty
pebbles, bits of rock, or even pieces
of pretty broken crockery, and the dish
then filled with water and set in tho
sunshine. Growth will begin imme
diately, both- root and foliage, and m
a few weeks the flower spike will ap
pear. The' pebbles are used to keep
the roots from pushing the bulb out
of the water. As the water evaporates,
more should bo added of a tepid tem
perature. Should the water incline to
get sour, or '!slimy,V do not pour
off and refllllt but .pour fresh, tepio
1 J
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