The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, October 28, 1904, Page 6, Image 6

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Evening Post, referring to that letter, says: "Re
publicans of high and low degree wore mum on
the subject today. They had no retort nor defense
to such a quietly administered rebuke. Some of
them had in mind tne terms used . Mr. Roosevelt
in his letter of acceptance when he used such
phrases as "misrepresentation -is the one weapon
of our opponents," and again, "The demand of
our opponents shows either Ignorance of the facts
or Insincerity,' anu others of the same tenor. This
attitude of the president and some of the other
prominent party leaders has grated on the sen
sibilities of some decent republicans since Judge
Parker has refused to descend to the same level
and publicly warn the campaign mana0rs
that the republicans must not be met on the low
ground they have chosen to stand on. 'It shows
just what sort of a high-class man Judge Paruer
is,' was the sum of tne comment ueard today,
wherever his letter was discussed."
THE increasing number of deaths due to rail
road accidents is attracting very general
l.ulic attention. The Kansas City Star says:
"No railroad corporation has ever abandoned a
plan of operation wliich leads to homicide upon a
mere request to be good. Fatal wrecks will not
cease upon a plea Hue this: 'Please, Mr. Corpo
ration, won't you let my wife and me ride on
your railroad without mashing us to a pulp?' But
they will stop for a declaration like this: 'Mr.
Corporation, you will put your rallroau. in such
a condition that my wife and I -can ride on it with
out being killed or by the eternal we vill take it
away from you.' And this course ought to be
adopted if railroad companies do not bring to a
speedy end. the present horrible slaughter of men
women and children. If a railway company will,
not provide strong and adequate rolling stocif, if
it will not employ a sufficient force of capable
employes and adopt every possible precaution
against accidents its franchise ought to be for
feited and it should be forbidden to do business
in the state. There is neither public cense nor
public morality in dilly-dallying with railroads
wen human life is jeopardized. It is idle to say
that the demand .for swift transportation Is at
fault. Rapid travel can be made as safe as slow
travel. o trouble does not lie with the desire
of the public to "get there- quick," but -with the
greed of railroad directors to 'get rich quick.'- No
rollof will come until the people by law make
that greed subordinate to the right of security and
the preservation of life.
THE "tip" has been officially recognized. The
Washington correspondent for the New York
bvoning Post says: "Wide comment has been
occasioned by Secretary Morton's 'tipping order,'
although in point of fact it had been prepared be
fore he entered office and was then ready for is
auance. Ho looked it over and thought the sums
were as low as any officer traveling on government
business could well get along with. It is not true
that this is the first government recognition of the
tip. For years the comptroller's office in the treas
ury has passed 25 cents as a porter's tip, in con
nection with each sleeping car voucher. A tew
other tips, somewhat fixed in popular practice,
have been allowed. The theory of the department
In recognizing the tip is that when officers go on
government business with their expenses paid it
is not right for Uncle Sam to decline to reimburse
them for exponses which are practically unavoid
able. It is notable thqt the tip allowance abroad
Is just double the amount granted for this country
Secretary Morton thinks this represents about the
difference in tho expense of the official traveler
He recalls the story of an American who, as his
ship was -about to sail away from a European port
announced to the crowd of loafers on the dock that
if there were any man in Europe to whom ho had
not given a franc he wished such person to ston
forward and get that amount."
KING GEORGE of Saxony died October 15.
Concerning this man, a writer in the New
York Sm says: "George of Saxony was an om
man when ho came to the throne, being 70 years
old when he succeeded his brother, King Albert on
Juno 20, 1902. A short time after his accession he
nearly succumbed to pneumonia and never fully
recovered. George was born at Pillnit- on Aug
J, 1832. His wife was a Portuguese princess, the
Infanta Mario Anne, by whom he had five children
toe eldest being Frederick August, who succeeds
Mm on tho throne. He Is 39 years old. Saxony's
late ruler, perhaps above all things else a soldier
was prominent in European military circles as the
om'mander for thirty years of the' Twelfth Army
The Commoner.
4 Corps, which was Saxony's division of the German
Imperial army. His name was especially revered
by the rank and file as tho result of his order
that the common soldier should be treated with
greater respect and leniency. He had no- hesita
tion in criticising tho German military system and
spent a good part of his time in attempting to
bring about reforms in the service. As a soldier
himself he many times showed conspicuous brav
ery. During tho Austrian and French campaigns
ho served with gallantry and often jsut himself in
psoitions of the greatest danger."
KING GEORGE took his place in tho Saxon
upper house and for forty years was a lead
er therein. The Sun writer adds: "He was a lite
long student of history, deeply interested in music
and thoroughly devoted .to art and painting. He
was a noted pianist. Throughout his whole life
hunting was Jils favorite outdoor recreation. Old
and feeble as he was during his later years, he
would have himself carried to tho preserve and
shoot game as it was driven out past him. The
health of King George rapidly declined when tho
scandal of Princess Louise's elopement with Andro
Giron, the Belgian tutor of her five boys, became
known throughout tho world. The crown princess,
who was the Archduchess Louise Antoinette of
Austria, escaped with Giron from Salzburg in De
cember, 1902. They fled to the Riviera. By the
friendly advice of Emperor Francis Joseph of Aus
tria, King George effected her divorce from tho
crown prince. Giron andthe princess separated
within a short time, he returning to his old haunts,
she retiring to a sanitarium at Lindau, whereshe
gave birth to a daughter, who was named 'Anno
Monique Pie.' The princess went to London, but
was allowed to return to her native place, b'ho
received a new title on July 13, 1903, and is now
known as Countess de Montignose. At the time
of the scandal King George received much sym
pathy, although In some quarters he was accused
of treating his daughter-in-law with undue harsh
ness, in view of the fact that the crown prince
had not been altogether a faultless husband. The
king, however, was always regarded as a genial
man, who would rather be kind than not."
THE present owner of the Jefferson Davis plan
. tation In. Mississippi, according to a writer
in the Augusta Chronicle, is Isaiah F. Montgom
ery, a negro. Referring to this owner, the Chron
icle says: "He was .a bright youth and. Joseph
Davis, the brother of Jefferson Davis, owned him.
Mr. Davis, attracted by the boy's sprlghtliness and
good qualities, had him educated, and he was a
famous pet on the plantation. He was always re
spectful, grateful, and obedient as a bondsman.
He was faithful to the persons and interests of
the Davis family, during the war and after It. He
was permitted to purchase the old plantation and
nobody objected. He has the esteem of all Miss
issippians, and is now worth about $300,000. He is
a type of many good old-time negroes, and all
white, people who know him wish him well. After
the war, we are told, he tried to educate one of
his sons, and even sent him to Europe to study
??i .? 2Jmd Decome a doctor, but tne project
failed. The free son was not the equal to his once
slave father. Isaiah Montgomery is respected in
Mississippi, and deserves to be. He is a rare char
acter, and the coming generation of his race might
learn valuable lessons from his virtues, his pa
tience, and good sense."
MILTON'S statue is to be unveiled November
., ?U Referrm& to this arrangement, a writer
In the Westminster Gazette says that many people
will be surprised to learn that the body of the
great poet was once on view at a charge of three
pence a head within a few yards of the site chosen
for this monument to his memory. The Gazette
writer explains: "It was In 1790, after a little
carousal, that two overseers and a carpenter en-
SESnn ? CiTC 5 St GIles' Crlpplegate, where
Milton lay burled, and, having discovered the
leaden coffin which contained his .body, cut onen
Its top with a mallet and chisel. 'When they dis
turbed the shroud Neve says, when telihS the
story of the ghoulish deed, 'the ribs fell g Mr
?0f?taI;, cnfessed that he pulled hard at the
teeth, which resisted until some one hit them with
a stone.' Fountain secured all the flne Sth
the upper jaw and generously gave one to one
L ?B "cmplI.ces- Altber the scoundrels
5m!? Tihon ten teei, and several handfuls of
hair; and to crown the diabolical business the ff
male gravedlgger afterwards exhibited thl' bod v to
anyone willing to pay threepencelor the geS
- - ".". VOLUME 4, NUMBER 41
FLOWERS are ndw rented in New York for all
sorts of occasions, according to a writer in
me Boston Transcript This writer says: "One
bouquet may be made to do duty for several briae3
in the course of a day, and a funeral wreath may
express various phases of grief at a number or
funerals. A New ifork correspondent descriues
the manner in which uio floral beauties are used
over and over again: 'One wonders how sucn a
perishable article as flowers can be rented, espe
cially in a city where they are in such demand
and at almost exorbitant figures, but the process
is very simple. The lessor prepares his lirst bou
quet from the freshest buds obtaintable, and by
buds is meant the small rose that is several days
from bursting. "Carefully, with the utmost care,
each bud to gone over and the outer petals opened
out, to give tiie exact appearance of a blown
flower. When the bouquet has done service and
been returned by the renter these outside pctais
are removed and all the flowers placed in the ice
box to await the next order. Time and again theso
budsMo duty, until their usefulness has gone tor
such purposes. The stems are wound with tine
wife, and, with the adidtion of a iew pieces of
smilax, the'Greek flower peddlers go forth to se.i
them for a few pennies per blossom."
SOME interesting facts concerning the size ot
and the trallib through the Suez canal aro
presented by the Newark (N. J.) Advertiser, it
is said: "The Suez canal is 92 miles long, and cost
$102,750,0001 3,450 ships, of 8,039,106 tons net,
passed through the Suez canal in 1903, yielding
14,770,081 in dues, Nearly 95 per cent of the ves
sels were enabled to steam at night through the
canal owing to the general use of the electric light.
As to the nationality of the vessels, the English
were 2,394, German 29.4, French 184, Dutch 188,
Austro-Hungarian 78, Italian 63, Norwegian 38,
Turkish 33, Spanish 17, Russian 35, Eortuguese 2,
Egyptian 1, Japanese 6, Guatemalan 1, United
States warships and yachts 16."
THE thrift of Russell Sage has been put to
shame, according to a San Francisco corre
spondent This correspondent refers to the divorco
proceedings of Mrs. Emilie Fritz against John R.
Fritz, saying that this is the second time that this
case has been in, the divorco courts. The story is
told in this way: "Four months ago the unhappy
wife asued the courts for a decree, but the differ
ences of the pair were patched up and they left
the courtroom arm in arm. But their happiness
was short lived. Fritz persisted in his closeness
in money matters, so his wife alleges, and as ho
would not provide for her in a proper manner she
decided to be free from him once and for all. Mrs.
Fritz asserted that her husband forbade her to in
vite relatives to the house to meals. In order that
she might not steal a march on him when he was
away from home, Mrs. Fritz claims her husband
placed a mark: on theham, the sugar barrel and
other articles of foodstuffs In the family larder, so
tuat he could determine, on his return whether
Mrs Fritz Tiad been feeding her relatives. Fritz
was placed on the stand to tell of his money-maic-ing
schemes. Reluctantly he showed to the court
notes from different people which showed rates
of interest varying from 2 to 7 per cent per month.
He said that during their married life he had
taken his wife to the theatre once or twice, but
could not remember when. Several times in the
last six or eight years he has expended car fare
on his wife taking her to the park. Fritz is con
testing the suit. He figures that it would be
cheaper to keep his wife than to be forced to pay
her alimony."
Mr. Elihu Root is talking for the national re
publican ticket, but he wouldn't offer himself as
a vicarious sacrifice by accepting the republican
nomination for governor of New York. Mr. Root
does not purpose losing his reputation for far
sightedness. ,
Impeachment at the Polls
" The charter of Ios Angeles, Cal., provides
that a city official may, under certain conditions
bo impeached and discharged from office. One or
the members of the city council having been ac
cused of crookedness, his constituents put the
machinery of the charter' into operation and at
.an election and by a vote of more than two to
one lmpeachedand recalled ihe offending official.
It is a valuable, precedent. Every city ought to
.have power .to discharge officials when they betray
theirstrust and WherjB the term is long enough the
same rule ought to apply to state and federal oi-
-flcials. ," .' i . ' "-'
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