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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 21, 1904)
VOLUME 4, NUMBER
been forced Into war against Ills "will and in do
fonso of high principles are the things that mako
timid men brave and mako bravo men more cour
A few years ago wo were congratulating our
selves that the "hip pockot" had gone out of style.
Wo were congratulating ourselves that men woro
growing farther and farther away from the prac
tice of carrying firearms. But hero we have, a
national organization whoso purpose it is to placo
a rifio in the hands of all the young men of the
land and to teach them that the all important
thing to learn is to shoot and hit tho thing ho
shoots at. An organization upon which this great
duty devolves is to ask congress for an appropria
tion of ?1,000,000 per year in order that it may bo
able to thoroughly inoculate tho American public
with the virus of war. "' J
'.,' An Absurd Statement
' "Secretary ShaW is a vory interesting speaker,
but' he occasionally makes some very absurd state
ments. In a speech recently delivered at Indian
apolis, Mr. Shaw denied the right of congress" to
investigate tho executive departments of the fed
eral government. He said that tho executive de
partments have welcomed congressional investiga
tions "as a matter of amity" and "not because tho
constitution expressly authorizes such investiga
tion." Mr. Shaw added:
I fancy it would cause a great commotion
If tho chief- executive should send a demand
f6r a copy of defeated bills in congress and
for the .correspondence between congressmen
and their constituents with reference thereto,'
Implying thereby that there was something
wrong. I fancy it would bo a subject of com
ment If either of the two co-ordinate branches
of the government should send to the supreme
court for the files in a given case, and should
ask for tho correspondence between members
of the supreme court and supposed parties in
interest, with the implied, insinuation that
those high officials were believed to be corrupt.
This is indeed a strange statement coming
from a member of the cabinet. - The Milwaukee
Journal commenting upon this remarkable state
ment hits the nail on the head when it says: "A
schoolboy, taking his first lessons in civil govern
ment, who should make such a statement would bo '
sent to the foot of his class in disgrace.. The
executive departments of ,the federal government
are creatures of congress. They exist" by tbe
suffrance of the legislative department. They-aro
executive departments, but they are hot the execu
tive and are not clothed with his prerogatives. i
Congress can not abolish the office of president. '
It may, at will, abolish tho office of secretary of
tho treasury. That, however, tfduld be too heroic
a remedy to work riddance of Shaw."
Of The Mob
The Detroit, Mich., Trlbii.no. is responsible for
the statement that Prof. Barrett Wendell of Har
vard university recently said: "It should be1 the
duty of this society to work in Buch a way that' the
American mas again assume his, old position at
tho front. A mob made up of ail the lower classes
Is surely in the majority at tho present Abraham
Lincoln was certainly of. the mob but he outgrew
Is injustice done Prof. Wendell when it is
taken for granted In the light of his remarks that
tho Morgans wia the Rockefellers are really rep
resentative of "the American" while the millions
of people upon "v. hose necessities the trust inag
nates prey come under the designation of "mob?"
We incline to the opinion that the Chicago
Record-Herald states the case well when it bluntly
admits "That Lincoln belonged to the mob we all
fci.ow, but he called It tho plain people, not the
A Alone In The Fight
'" The New York World is very much incensed
because Mr. Bryan Is on tho stump in behalf "of
tho democratic ticket. The World asks:
Does the national committee think the
election of a democratic president next'mon'th v
- ..will be greatly promoted by the speeches of a
man who confesses his lack. of sympathy with
. tho democratic ticket by declaring that "when
the election is over I want to renew tho fight
. for economic reform" meaning "for popu
In the first place, it Is strangefor an editor
claims lo be a democrat to 'cone
lisih a monopoly upon tho championship of "econ
omic reform." . ..
Perhaps Mr. Bryan's efforts to aid in tho
.election of the democratic ticket will not be pro
' ductivo of great results. v Every one, however, may
do his part And every little helpB.
It might bo said that tho election of a demo
cratic president will be as greatly promoted by
.the efforts of ?non whdhavo ever supported demo
cratic principles and democratic candidates as by
the efforts of a newspaper editor who, while pro
fessing atrong antipathy toward the trust system
and undying devotion to "public Interests, deserted
the party to which he claims to belong during two
presidential campaigns and contributed his efforts
toward the election of a national ticket confessedly
tho ticket of the trust magnates.
It is difficult to believe that the World editor
expects the democratic ticket to be elected by his
solitary vote. That vote, although admittedly a
very important one, is not sufficient to elect tho
Of course democrats generally concede to the
editor of the World the privilege of Issuing daily
Instructions to every one connected with the dem
ocratic campaign, from the nominees to the hum
blest attache at committee headquarters'. But tho
plain every-day democrats should, at least, not bo
denied the privilege of doing their humble part to
aid the great man upon whom the management of
the New York World devolves and around whom
so far as concerns the present national campaign
this homely world of the solar system seems to
That Criminal Clause
A Berwick, Pa., reader writes: "To settle' an
argument in regard to tho criminal clausja' of the
anti-trust law, will you please let me know if such
clause has been repealed. Enclosed find clipping
from tho New; York American."
The clipping enclosed is an editorial from
which, this extract is taken:
What is' the "legislation enacted to in
crease the 'effectiveness" of the enforcement of
the laws agdfnst the predatory 'trusts to "which
President JWoseVel't refers' vso rlngingly?
Is it th'ft last, , s.ignqd jby "him, by which
, the anti-trust tfor was emasculated by having,
stricken from its provisions the only section
- .of .which the men who engineer the great rob
bing trusts are afrald-r-the provision' pro vi ding
imprisonment as t!he penalty for forming and
maintaining combinations in restraint of
That is the only legislation enacted under
Mr. Roosevelt on tho trust question, and who
is there that doubts, that it .was at 'the in
stance1 of tho trusts themselves -that the cap
tains of piracy, where freed from the only
menace th?, law held for thgm?
The writer Of the article referred to undoubt
edljf acted under, misapprehension.
""As has been repeatedly stated' by The Com
. , moner, the criminal clause of, the . Sherman anti
' trust law is on the statute book just' as it was
originally enacted. v t
The 'reason so" many peopl6 rest under the im
pression that the criminal clause of the Sherman
anti-trust law was repealed is that in the law
an entirely different statute -from the Sherman
anti-trust law where it was sought to prohibit re-
bates and favoritism on tho part of railroads the
clause providing imprisonment as he penalty, was
repealed and a fine, without imprisonment, was
As the writer of the editorial referred to says
the men who engineer the great robbing trusts are
" afraid of the provision providing for imprisonment
as the penalty for forming and maintaining' com
binations in restraint of trade. They are not,
however, afraid that that law will be enforced
under the Roosevelt administration. They have
every reason to believe that that most effective
weapon will never be used so long as. the repub
lican party remains in power.
The Killing: Department
Speaking before the International congress of
military surgeons, Maj. Louis L. Seaman said: "
"The Japanese authorities permitted our gov
ernment to send five military attaches to accom
pany their army in the field. Was a surgeon or a
quartermaster or a commissary officer detailed0
"No. They represented tho life-saving and life prel
serving departments, and were omitted. The kill
ing departments got the appointments, and today
Japanese officers are laughing in their sleeyes "at
our senseless. failure to have representatives on
what they consider their three vital points, whilst
tho only, weak, jUmoat burlesque feature f their
army, Its cavalry,-Is considered of sufficient iM
portance to Jje worthy of special study" m"
What did Major Seaman expect of an mimi
istration:Uiafisfldevoted'to war? Does not ftr"
. Seaman kfcow thkikl the administration had ISt
to the Japanese ariiiy representatives of "the in!
, .Nsavlng and tho life-preserving departments'- !
administration' Vchief might be r&aS as ft
weakling:' Of course, "tho killing department J?
tho appointment," .as "tho killing department-'
takes precedence at All times and under all dr..
cumstances in the Roosevelt code.
Frank J. Morgan
; , Franlcjr. Morgan, one of the best known clem-"
pcrats in this; state, died recently at his homo
in Plattsmbutii, Neb. Mr. Morgan had a host of
. friends jamong men of. all political parties. He
was one of Nebraska's best citizens and a better
democrat than he never, struggled for the publlo
Interests. No truer words were ever uttered than
When,- in paying a tribute, to Mr. Morgan, tho
World-Herald said: "Frank. J. Morgan had a
wide acquaintance throughout the state of Ne
braska; and yot everyone did not know the lino
characteristics , that "endeared him to those who
know him well. ThoBe who did know him will
- have no hesitancy in saying that 'if everyone to
whom he did some loving kindness were to lay a
blossom on his grave he would sleep tonight be
neath a wilderness of flowers.' "
A Changed Man
The New York (Commercial, it paper that is
presumed to be supporting the republican ticket,
' says: "Tho appointment of Robert J. Wynne,
.first assistant postmaster general, to succeed tho
late -Postmaster General Payne, pending the ap
pointment of Mr. Cortelyou to the po.stofilce port
folio, is a sort of application of civil service prin
ciples with a long, string attached thereto. It is
not the kind of action that would have been pre
dicted ofvTheodoro Roosevelt a dozen years ago;
. but it Is not likely, o awaken much criticism, be
cause Mr. CJbrt'elyqu's fitness for the position, both
in the matter of ability and of fidelity to the pub
lic interests, can np-be seriously questioned. The
incidents, however, will serve to convince many
people that the present tenant of the white house
is, -not missing njany ..points ,in the ,fin. game of
. pontics."4; : , ; vv" ".,;,!:,' . .
rr ,Afie Tnepaore. JK.oo,sev.eit ; pi ipcmy ih nums
many things which ' would npl.' have, been predicted
of tucTneoaore Kooseveit f.pi.a dozen years ajjo.
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