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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 30, 1904)
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VOLUME i, NUMBER 37
Mr. Fairbanks' Letter
Charlus W. Fairbanks, tho rcpuoli
can numlnco for vico prcaidont ihado
public hia loiter of acceptance boptem
bor 21. In his lottor. Mr. Fairbanks
Tbo foreign policy of the adminis
tration has been conservative, just and
lirm, and has mado for the advance
ment o? peace. Time and events havo
given us a larger placo in international
affairs. While we havo enlaced our
foroign commerco, wo have increased
our prestige abroad, not with the
sword, but with tho peaceful fcgoncy
of enlightened diplomacy.
. Events in tho far cast su;gpst the
wisdom and necessity of a continu
ance of tho present foroign policy. We
havo maintained exact neutrality be
tween Russia and 'Japan. At tho be
ginning of the war between them they
nssouted to tho suggestion mado by
tho administration limiting tne zono
of hostilities. This tends to preserve
tho opon door in tho orient, so import
ant and so much desired in the ex
pansion of our commerco. It is tho
policy of tho administration, predi
cated upon the soundest national pru
dence, to settle and, remove by treaty,
so far as possible, those international
differences which lead to future fric
tion. We favor the adjustment of intei na
tional disagreements by an appeal to
reason, rather than to arms.
Tho convention wisely declared in
favor of "protection which guards and
develops our industries," and that "the
measure of protection should always,
at least, eaual tho difference in the
cost of production at home and
This principle was embodied in tho
platform of the convention which first
nominated,, Abraham Lincoln and it
has continued to be one of the cardi
nal doctrines of the republican paity
during tho forty-four years which havo
elapsed since then.
Tho democratic convention which
lately assembled at St, Louis denounced
"protection as a robbory of the many
to enrich tho few" and fnvnrnii n "re
vision and gradual reduction of the
The issue is thus distinctly mado. It
is by no means a new one, for while
tho republican party has uniformly ad
hered to tho policy of protection, tho
democratic party has been consistent in
A revision of duties should be made
only when conditions have so changed
that the public interest demands their,
alteration, and they should be so re
vised as to preserve and not destroy
mu iJiuieuLive principle.
but is ono of immediate and practical
moment. It can be settled by them
and by them only.
Commercial reciprocity wita foreign
countries, "consistent with tue princi
ples of protection," has long been one
of the well-recognized policies of the
republican party. The present admin
istration, secured a treaty of recipioc
ity with Cuba, which promises to give
up control of a large share of the com
merce of that island.
Tho platform appropriately recog-.
nizes combinations of capital and la
bor as the outgrowth of our economic
development, and as entitled to the
equal protection and subject to I he like
restrictions of tho law.
Tho administration has enforced the
Sherman anti-trust act, which was of
republican origin, In cases where com
binations have been formed in vio
lation of its provisions. The law,
which was regarded as ineffective by
a democratic administration, has been
invoked by the president against com
binations in restraint or wholesome
commerce, and it has been uphold by
The congress last year enacted d law
to expedite the hearing and deter
mination of suits arising under the
anti-trust and interstate commerce
acts, so that the ends of justice might
not be defeated by delay. It cieated
the department of commerce and labor,
with authority to obtain necessary in
formation with respect to the creation
and operation of corporations engaged
In interstate commerce. It also amend
ed tho interstate commerco Jaw so as
effectually to abolish tho pernicious
system of rebates under which iarge
shippers could crush their smaller com
petitors. These are important, prac
tical steps, taken by a republican pres
ident and a republican congress for
tho protection of the people against
the encroachments of combined capital.
Sound money is so vital to our wel
fare, so important to our industrial
development, that we should let its
open enemies or negative frieudb know
that we abate nothing of our deter
mination to uphold and defend it.
The president's course in Panama
merits the most generous approval. He
dealt with a delicate and difficult sit
uation clearly within our national
rights in such a way as to make pos
sible the early completion of an Isth
mian canal which has long been de
manded in the interest of our com
merce and the national defense.
The administration In the Philip
pines has been dictated by a broad
Lgense of duty. It has not been sub
versive of our national ideals, but has
been in conformity with the best tradi
tions of the republic,
The archipelago came to the United
States as tho result of a war, and It
A revision and red, r.Hnn kw A LU" suit.,I a. "" 1C
who regard the t. :: ! uumo uie uuty 01 me aumimstration
"- vw u 1 iiiiiiMi j i i" nTirnrnn rnn innrn it amm. mh t . ..
10 maintain tne national sovereignty,
H1U51 awaiten SfilMmis nnmu-,,-.
among all whose capital is employed
or who are engaged at labor in tho
various enterprises throughout tho
country, which depend in largo meas
ure upon the maintenance of the pro
tective system. A revision of the tar
iff along revenue lines means tho in-
v-iuuu importation of tho products of
foroign manufacture which come into
competition with our domestic produc
tion. It means a loss to tho American
and to Inaugurate civil government.
Our opponents say tho Philippine
policy does not pay. They should nnt-
forget that the United States did not
go to war with Spain for dollars and
cents. They should remember that
when it comes to a matter of duty, tho
United States does not consider tho
cost. When the history of our country
is written, it will be found trm t
Is no brighter page, or ono which will
wage-earners and to Amer cin n itn li , unBuier page, or ono which will
This is, therefore , m? w2Vi?i ' ?irt?. mo Pleasure and satisfaction
question which is presented tohem,
1T1 irC3 nAlltAfMnlnW. J.Y.
T.. , wuwmymuuu, man the one
which tells of our discharge of the re
sponsibilities growing out of the war
with Spain. Tho archlnelaeo 1.01
to tho United States. Its title is vtZa
n this government by virtue of the
treaty of tho constitution, and the re
sponsibility of administration rPHf
upon us, not as a matter of sentiment,
THE PLATFORM TEXT BOOK
Contains Declaration of Independence, Constitution of tht U. S., AH
National Platforms, of all political partios, since their formation, to and
including those of 1904, 188 page, la just what every public speaker should
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THE COMMONER, Lincoln, Nebr.
Groat Reduction in Rates via
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