The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, January 01, 1904, Page 11, Image 11
"KwrfWTflpvfl-TT - JANUAHY 1. 1904. The Commoner. If Bry&.n on Democracy. (Continued from Pago 3.) ministration in 1825, the democratic party held undisputed sway in the na tion. Jefferson, like Washington, re fused to consider a third term, and his secretary of state, James Madison (q.v), succeeded him. Madison, fol lowing the example set by his prede cessor, retired at the end of his second term, and James Monroe (q.v.), who had been his secretary of state, suc ceeded him. The war of 1812 was conducted by the Madison administration, and it was during this period that the Hart ford resolutions were adopted by a convention of federalists which met at Hartford, Conn., in December, 1814. These resolutions went further in the direction of states rights than either the Kentucky resolutions or the Vir ginia resolutions. They began by rec ommending "to the legislatures of the several states represented in this con vention, to adopt all such measures as may be necessary effectually to pro tect the citizen of said states from the operation and effects of all acts which have been or may be passed by the congress of the United States, which shall contain provisions subjecting the militia or other citizens to forcible drafts, conscriptions, or impressments not authorized by the constitution of the United States." While the Hartford resolutions an nounced a political policy, tliey had their origin in the commercial inter ests which were affected by the war of 1812, and by the embargo act which was enacted as a war measure. The federalist party which support ed Clinton's candidacy in 1812 laid great stress upon the commercial in terests. The platform adopted by the Now York federalists urged the elec tion of Clinton as tho surest method of guaranteeing the protection of those commercial Interests which were flagging "under the weakness and im becility of the administration." The federalists attacked what they called the Virginia regency, and che Hart ford resolutions recommended a con stitutional amendment making the president ineligible for renomination, and another prohibiting the selection of two presidents in succession from the same state. It was during the administration of James Monroe that the doctrine, after ward known by his name, and fol- lowed ever since, was promulgated. The doctrine was set forth in a mes sage sent to congress by James Mon roe on December 2, 1823 The follow ing is the text covering this subject: "In the wars of European powers, in matters relating to themselves, we have never taken any part, nor does it comport with our policy so to do. It is only when our rights are invaded or seriously menaced ' that we resent injuries or make preparations for our defense. With the movements on this hemisphere we are, of necessity, more immediately connected, and by causes which must be obvious to all enlight ened and impartial observers. The political "system of tho allied powers; (tho holy alliance) is essentially dif ferent in this respect from that of America. This difference proceeds from that which exists in their re spective governments. And to the de fense of our own? which has been achieved by the less of so much blood and treasure, and matured by the wisdom of their most enligntened citi zens and under which we havq en joyed unexampled felicity, this whole nation is devoted. We owe it, there fore, to candor and to the amicable relations existing between the United States and those powers to declare that we should consider any attempt on their part to extend their system to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety. With the existing colonies or depen dencies of any European power we have not interfered, and shall not in terfere. But with the governments who have declared their independence and maintained it we have on great consideration and on just principles, acknowledged we could not view any interposition for the purpose of op pressing them, or controlling in any other manner their destiny, by any European power, in any other light than as the manifestation of an un friendly disposition toward tho United States. Our policy in regard to Eu rope, which was adopted at an early stage of the wars which have so long agitated that quarter of tho globe, nevertheless remains the same, which is not to interfere in the internal con- corns of any of its powers; to con sider the government do facto as tho legitimate government lor us; to cul tivate friendly relations with it, and to preserve those relations by a frank, firm, and manly policy; meeting in all instances the just claims of every power, submitting to injuries from none. But in regard to these conti nents, circumstances are eminently and conspicuously different It is im possible that the allied powers should extend their political system to any portion of either continent without endangering our peace and happiness; nor can any one believe that our southern brethren, if left to them selves, would adopt it of their own accord. It is equally impossible, therefore, that we should behold such interposition, in any form, with In difference." This message was written after con sultation with Jefferson, who was then living in retirement at Monticol lo. The following extract from a let ter written by Jefferson to Monroe in October, 1823, not only shows Jeffer son's part in the formulation of the doctrine, but also proves tils fore sight and his comprehension of Amer ican interests, and his devotion to the welfare of his country: "Tho question presented by the letters you have sent mo, is tho most momentous which has been offered to my contemplation since that of in dependence. That made us a nation, this sets our compass and points tho course which we are to steer through the ocean of time opening on us. And never could we embark on it under circumstances more auspicious. Our first and fundamental maxim should be, never to entangle ourselves in the broils of Europe. Our second, never to suffer Europe to intermeddle with cis-Atlantic affairs. America, North and South, has a set of Inter ests distinct from those of Europe aria peculiarly her own. She Dhould, thoroforo, have a system of her own, separate and apart from that of Eu rope. While tho last Is laboring to be come tho domicile of despotism, our endeavor should surely bo to mako our hemisphere that of freedom. One na tion most of all, could disturb us In this pursuit; Bho now offora to lead. aid, and accompany us in it By ac ceding to her proposition, we detach hor from tho bands, bring her mighty weight Into tho scale of frco govern ment, and emancipate a continent at one stroke, which might otherwise linger long in doubt and diiUculty. Great Britain is tho nation which can do us tho most harm of any ono, or all on oarth; and with hor on our sldo wo need not fear tho wholo world. With her, then, wo should most se dulously cherish a cordial friendship; and nothing would tend more to knit our affections than to be fighting ouco moro side by side in tho same cause. Not that I would purchaso oven hor amity at tho prico of taking part in hor wars. But tho war in which the present proposition might engage us, should that bo Its conscquonce, is not hor war, but ours. Its object is to in troduce and establish the American system, of keeping out of our land all foreign powers, of never permitting those of Europo to intermeddle with the affairs of our nations. It is to maintain our own principle not to depart with it. And if to facilitate Tho control which, with Florida Point, this Island would give ua over tho Gulf of Mexico, and tho countries and Isthmus bordering on it as well as all thoao whoso waters flow into it, would fill up tho measuro of our political woll-bolng. Yet, as i am sonslblo that this can novcr bo ob tained, ovou with hor own consent, but by war; und its independence, which is our second interest (and es pecially Its Independence of England), can bo secured without it I have no hesitation In abandoning my first wish -to future chances and accoptlng lis independence, with pcaco and tho friendship of England, rather than its association, at tho oxpenso of war and her enmity. I could honestly, therefore, join In tho declaration pro posed, that wo aim not at tho acqulal (Contlnued on Pago 14.) UOO CHOLERA Hog worms is often tho starting of hog cholera. Keep tho hogs clear of worms and they will not bo so liable to tako disease Tho Snoddy Remedy is no doubt tho greatest worm rem edy for 'hogs there is on tho market After a few doses of this remedy is fed you will see piles of worms lying around In your hog lots It destroys tho kidney, liver and lung worms, tho samo as it does tho stomach and bowel worms. When fed to sows with young pigs uuiiaiu mm it. mm u tu luu.muw tWll remedy cures tho scours and all this, we can effect a division in tho arm d,H ' ,n tho vnnnir n, ftm, causes them to grow off strong and thrifty. It is tho only thing that will save hogs after they get sick. N. R. Yost, Myerstown, 0.; 0. D. Hill, Kendalla, W. Va,; Jas. Bennett, Bowling Green, Mo.; Bible & Work man, Emporia, Kas.; Jt E. Gibbons, Purccll, Ind. Tor.; I. P. Roy, Wakita, 0. T., and thousands of others havo cured their hogs of cholera with this remedy and say It certainly does tho work when properly used. It Is cheap and easy to follow. Any practical farmer can clear his herd of either worms or cholera and put them Into perfect condition with it in a few days. It is saving millions of dollars annually for the hog raiser. Snoddy's free hook on Hog Cholera fully explains this treatment and will be sent free of charge, by return mall, to any hog raiser who will send his name and address to the Snoddy Rem edy Co., Dept. 24, Alton, 111. Every hog raiser should Improve this golden op- jportunity and writo at onco for this body of tho European powers, and draw over to our side its most power ful member, surely wo should do it But I am clearly of Mr. Canning's opinion, that it will prevent instead of provoke war. With Great Britain withdrawn from their scalo and shifted into that of our wo conti nents, all Europo combined would not undertake such a war. For how would they propose to get at either onomy without superior fleets? Nor is the occasion to bo slighted which this proposition offers, of declaring tour protest against the atrocious vio lations of the rights of nations by the interference of any one in the Internal affairs of another, so flagitiously be gun by Bonaparte, and now contin ued by tho equally lawless alliance calling itself holy. But wo have first to ask ourselves a question. Do wo wish to acquire to our own confed eracy any one or more of the Spanish provinces? I candidly confess that I have ever looked on Cuba as the most interesting addition which could ever bo made to our system of states, j frce information. Have You indigestion, Dyspepsia, Stomach, Liver or Nervm Trouble or Constipation? CHYLO WILL CURE YOU Not a ready relief but a permanent cure. iT iS THE REAL DYSPEPSIA DURE t prescription which has n ig thousands from these d We ure bo positive that Chylo will euro any ono suffcrim . . "' . . . fj i .. ,. f Ik. c m ir HlennlM'O flint Sick lieaaacne, iorpiui,v,ui uujfv. .."...-.--- KO DEPOSIT Mfa will send 30 days treatment on Mai required xr treatment does not help you more than anything you have ever tried before, we will never ask you to pay us a cent. If U does help we shaU Spect v?u U) pay us Ji.oo. It certainly is a fair offer, and one we could not afford to make if wc were not positive Chylo will do you, we shall expect you all weciuim iui ik. Ghvlo prevents Appendicitis . .! -l..l .rtm KTj-k OttV when not removed, proauce mis urcu muy. w :",I. ruvn s sure oreventive of appendicitis. -- 4 I3 .U teirinn tlhvtn- Chylo makes pure, YOU nSSSUI MV w"o - sp w...w. iresn, rea oiooa, -m i - a nnainir w rnyn TinTi.tiHHiiiiiiiii mil iiiit strengthens the nerves ana cures an ri"ii .; "w" food" Chylo makes pale, nervous pcopic wcuuuu owti. Send us your namo muumuoo wj onHwi. will send vou the 30 days treatment, to be paid for providca because it cures Indigestion. Indigestion is the cause of appendicitis because It raitKs the intestines to retain manv imiaiae maiicro wuicu No such matter can be retained wnen cnyio is used. and we will send you the 30 days treatment, to be paid for provided andU heTSySu. Wm&rJ Ltdonot benefit you by the end of the 30 days, we snau uui - j" yj - - cannot afford to let this opportunity pass by. Address WE CHYLO COMPANY 246B Cmhrmot Avmmtm $& fe. Ti ''ida.xrT-vK. V&r:y. r;cj ro - aUz xss cs tz r WV7, . .V- T-Vo- iPv of"!Si t&tt&z r cr. V'o n .li lidtiTM "" " ?..,..