The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, January 01, 1904, Image 1
f w",m"r The Commoner. - WILLIAH J. BRYAN, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. VoU 3. No. 50. Lincoln, Nebraska, January 1, 1904. WhoItNo. 154. 7 RELAND AND HER LEADERS (Copyright by New York Journal, 1903.) November 29 was spent in Dublin, the 30th at iclfast and en rdute to that city from Dublin, Dublin is a very substantial looking city and much lore ancient in appearance than Belfast, tho lat jr reminding one more of an enterprising Ameri- m city. We aid not have a chance to visit auy the industries' of Dublin, and only a linen fac- )ry and a shipyard in Belfast, but as the linen ictory, tho York Street Linen Mills, was one of le largest in Ireland, and the shipyard, Harland Wolff's, the largest in the world, they gave )me idea of tho industrial possibilities of tho sland. The lord mayor of Belfast, Sir Daniel Dixon, rave us a history of the municipal undertakings id extended to us every possible courtesy. To hie accustomed to the farms of the Mississippi Ind the Missouri valleys, the little farms of Ire- ind seemed contracted indeed, but what they lack size, they make up in thoroughness of cultiva- lon. Not a loot seemed to be wasted. At Birm- igham I saw some Kerry cows, which I can best pecribe as pony cattle, that they told me were ling bred. in Ireland in preference to tho larger Seeds; they are certainly more in keeping with size of the farms. The farm houses were large, but from tho railroad train they looked it and well kept. V Mv visit to Ireland was ton hrlftf to enn.hfh mo if,., ,.. . '., r ; A : wuk into cue conuiuon oi ine tenants in mo Pious parts of the island, but by the courtesy of lord mayor of Dublin, Mr. Timothy Harring- L and Mr. John Dillon, both members of parlla- t, I niet a number of the prominent represen ts of Ireland in national politics. A luncheon le Mansion House was attended by some 75 ae Irish leaders, including Archbishop Walsh, Redmond, John Dillon, Michael Davitt, Will- KField, Patrick O'Brien, several members of city council, ex-Mayor Valentine Dillon, High Thomas Powers, and Drs. McArdle and f)anrl fViQ. nnrannx laf lnnrnlcViorT In waHoim CfcXIU VUUV& fUmWUj) UAWbAAAUAWUWU AU MVM of life. ,he dinner at Mr. Dillon's gave me a chance jt Mr. Bailey of the new land commission r. Finucane; lately connected with the Ind jpartment, and to become better acquainted the more prominent of tho Irish -leaders tS names have become familiar to American and whom I met at luncheon. jhbishop Walsh is one of the best known at beloved of the Irish clergy, and he en- himself to the friends of bimetallism lout the world by the pamphlet which ho ome years ago setting forth the effect of standard upon the Irish tenant farmer. (..genuine pleasure to make his personal ac- ice. It mayrbo added, in passing, that the hot Ireland will bo more than ever in- in a stable dollar when they have se- tle to their lands and assumed the pay- rhich extend over more than sixty years. rease in the value of the dollar would in- le burden of these payments by lossen- price which they would obtain for the of the soil. Fohn Redmond is the leader of the Irish irliament, and having visited the United m the appearance of & well-to-do lawyer, is quick to catch a point, ready of speech and Immensely popular with his people. Ho has tho roputatlon of being ono of the most forcible of tho Irish orators, and I regret that I had no opportunity of hearing him speak. Mr. Dillon is a tall man, probably six feet ono, with a scholarly face and wears a beard. His long experience in parliament, his thorough knowledge of tho issues of the last quarter of a century, and' his fidelity to tho interests of tho people of his land have given him a deservedly high place among tho great Irishmen of the present genera tion. Mr. Michael Davltt has also had a conspicuous career, but is not now in parliament, having re signed as a protest against tho Boer war. He is the oldest of the group and shows in his countc nance the fighting qualities that have made his name known throughout the world. Ho is not a diplomat ho has not learned tho language of the court. He is not a compromiser, but a com batant, and his blows havo been telling ones. The lord mayor of Dublin, Mr. Timothy Har rington, has been honored with a third election as lord mayor, a position first held by Daniel O'Connell, but he is always at Westminster when ever there is an important vote In parliament. Ho Sf-'riri1 i"1""1"". imuu-uttwuicu, urn ui uu- mor, wen inrormea and a natural-politician. At a dinner given a few days later at the Na tional Liberal club in London by Mr. T. P. O'Con nor, I met several other Irish members, among them Mr. William Redmond, brother of tho leader of the Irish party, and himself a man of great abil ity and long parliamentary experience, and James Devlin, one of the most brilliant of the orators of the younger generation. The oldest person at the O'Connor dinner was Mr. O'Brien, the last Irish man who enjoyed the distinction of being sen tenced to be hung, drawn and quartered. The host, Mr. O'Connor, while ha represents a Liver pool constituency and is not, therefore, technical ly speaking, a member of the Irish party, Is one of the most prominent and influential of tne Irishmen in the house of commons. He has lec tured In the United States as well as In Europe, and Is now editor of two weekly papers of large circulation. He showed his friendliness toward America and his appreciation of our country's resources by taking unto himself an American wife a beautiful Texan. At Glasgow I met another member of parlia ment, Mr. William McKillup, who, though a citi zen of Glasgow, represents an Irish district and takes an active interest in everything that af fects the Emerald Isle. Mr. Harrington and Mr. Redmond took me to the Dublin cemetery and we visited the graves of O'Connell and Parnell. The tomb of Ireland's great agitator is under a massive pile of granite made to represent an old Irish tower. No monu ment has yet been erected 10 Parnell. The mem ory of tho two dead statesmen and the presence of the living leaders recalled the struggle to which so many of Ireland's sons have devoted their lives, and it was a matter of extreme gratification to find that substantial progress Is being made. It is true that home rule has not yet been secured, but the contest for home rule has fo- cuscd attention upon tho Industrial and politi cal condition of Erin, and a numbor of remedial measures havo beon adopted. First, the tenant wo given titlo to his Improvements and then the amount of tho rent was judicially determined. More recently tho authorities havo been building cottages for tho rural laborors. Ovor 15,000 of these cottages havo been already erected and ar rangements are being made for some 19,00a more. These are much more comfortable than tho former dwellings, and much safer fr6m a sani tary point of view. Tho recent land purchase act, which went into effect on November 1, seems likely to exert a very great Influence upon the condition of the people. According to its terms tho government is to buy tho land of tho land lord and sell It to tho tenants. As tho govern ment can borrow money at a lowor rato tnan the ordinary borrower, it is ablo to glvo tho tonant much better torms tnan ho gets from his present landlord, and at tho same time purchase tho land of tho landlord at a price that is equitable The landlords are showing a disposition to comply with the spirit of tho law, although some of them are attempting to get a larger price for their land than it as worth prior to the passage of tho law. rlno purpose of tho law is to remove from politics tho landlord question, which has beon a delicate one to deal with. Most of the larger, estates wore given to tho ancestors of the present holders ""arid many of the owncrg live in England and collect their rents through a local agent. Tho now law makes tho government the landlord and the tenant, by paying a certain an nual sum for C3 years, becomes tho owner of the fee. Ho has the privilege of paying all or any part, at any time, and can dispose of his Interest Tho settlement which is now being effected, not only removes the friction which has exited be tween tho tenant and tho landlord, but puts the tenant In a position where he can appeal to the government with reasonable certainty of .redrew in case unforeseen circumstances make lis lot harder than at preseut anticipated. The assur ance that he will become the owner of tht fee will give to tho Irish farmer an ambition that has heretofore been wanting, for he will be able to save without fear of an increase In the rent Not only is the land question in process of settlement, but there have beon at the same time other im provements which make for the permanent prog ress of the race. There is a constant Increase In educational facilities, and a large number of co operative banks have been established. Agricul tural societies have been formed fpr the Improve ment of crops and stoc, and the trend Is dis tinctly upward. The Irish leaders havo not ob tained all that they labored for there is much to be secured before their work is complete, but when tho history of Ireland Is written, the leaders now living will bo able to regard with justifiable pride tho results of their devotion and sacrifice, and their names will be added to the long list of Irish, patriots and statesmen. In Dublin I paid my respects to Lord Dudley, lieutenant governor of Ireland, whose residence, the Viceregal Lodge, is in Phoenix Park, and found him so genial and affable a host that I am led to hope that in his administration of the executive branch of the government he will make the same L known to many of our people. He has k-tj.0 lr"t :- -a,..,, jfcdfiisaMA.