The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, December 11, 1903, Page 6, Image 6
!Wf ,,"jWW'1 WW!(R'a5W8W1,?3W The Commoner. ?flfWVWlp' -:r 1894. The length of the canal Is thirty-five and one-half miles, the total rise from water level to Manchester being sixty feet, which Is divided be tween four sets of locks, giving an average to each of fifteen feet. Two canals connect the Baltic and North seas through Germany, the first, known as the Kaiser Wilhelm canal, having been com pleted In 1SS5. and constructed largely for mili tary and naval purposes, but proving also of great value to general mercantile traffic Work upon the Kaiser Wilhelm canal was begun in 1&J7. The length of the canal is sixty-one miles, the termi nus In the Baltic sea being at the harbor of Kiel. The depth is twenty-nine and one-half feet, the width at the bottom seventy-two feet, and the minimum width at the surface 190 feeL The total cost was ?-iO,OO0,O0O. Three ship canais in tended to give continuous passage to vessels from the head of Lake Superior to Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence river are the Welland canal,j)rigin ally constructed in 1S33 and enlarged in lxi and 13C0; the St. Mary's Falls canal at Sault Ste. Marie, Mich., opened in 1S55 and enlarged in 1SS1 and 1896, and the Canadian canal at St. Mary's river, opened in 1S95. A LP It ED DREYFUS HAS AT LAST Suc ceeded in his efforts to secure a judicial ex amination of his case. A cablegram to the St. Louis Republic under date of Paris, November 28, says: "After examining the dossier in the case submitted to him by 'General Andre, the minister of war, Jlinister of Justice Valle has trans mitted that document, together with the petition of 31. Dreyfus for a revision of his sentence; to M. Durand, the president of a commission insti tuted by the ministry of justice. This commis sion will pronounce upon the admissibility of the request for a revision of sentence. M. Dreyfus owes the favorable action taken to the careful consideration given the case by Jlinister Andre, whose .conclusions are regarded as in the highest degree favorable to Dreyfus, since they deter mined the minister of justice to refer the question of a revision to a commission. Nothing has yet transpired to indicate that General Andre has discovered documents of doubtful authenticity, or that there was maneuvering on the part of the minister of war during the Dreyfus trial to con ceal important facts, though assertions lo this effect have been made. It is stated that il. Gribe lin, formerly principal keeper of the records of the headquarters staff, has made important reve lations." "rHE DECLINE OF THE BOOK TRADE IN JL Germany has been a fruitful topic m the German press of late, and a writer in the New York Tribune describes the discussion In this in teresting way: "One writer in an exhaustive ar gument accused the German people of falling away from the habits of their literary fathers, and, like Americans, taking more Interest in busi ness than in literature. The Berliner Tageblatt, in a recent Issue, under the head of 'The Ger mans as Book Buyers,' quotes Herr Gruenow, the Leipsic publisher, who characterizes the criticism of his fellow Germans on the score of neglect of literature as 'empty and nonsensical trash.' 'A public he says, 'which will spend a half million, marks in a few weeks for a novel, and in the same length of time several millions for Bis marck's "Thoughts and Recollections," is not a bookless public' The publisher gives the name3 of a number of books which were sold in great numbers and of the standard works which are constantly in demand. 'The old, threadDare com plaint he says, 'comes originally from the -authors whom no one likes and from their pub lishers, who can find no market for their wares. But the fact should not be overlooked that the German Is a ready book buyer. Every Christmas table demonstrates that fact, and It is well known that there are few men so poor that they do not have a little money to expend for books." IN RUSSIA THE LOT OF THE NEWSPAPER editor is by no means a happy one. The London Tatler says: "The czar's government spends more on the press censorship than it does on education, and quite recently the staff of press censors has been increased by eight. Certainly the censor earns his salary in Russia. Last year eighty-three newspapers were suspended for per iods amounting In all to thirty-one years and ten days, twenty-six papers were forbidden to accept advertisements, and 259 editors were officially threatened with Siberia if they did not mend their ways. The censorship even pursues the unfor tunate editor after it ejects him. One eminent con ductor of a scientific journal who was dismissed at the instance of the censor is practically con demned to starve or emigrate. All the papers and publishers in Russia are forbidden to accept 'copy from him." THE MONTHLY STATEMENT OF THE PUB lic debt shows that at the close of business November 30, 1903, the debt, less cash in the treasury, amounted to $925,S29,410, which is an in crease "for the month of $5,425,909. The debt proper shows a decrease of about $4,000,000 for the month. It is recapitulated as follows: Interest bearing debt, $902,911,240; debt on which interest has ceased since maturity, $1,196,720; Debt bear ing no interest, $390,S98,S79; total, $1,295,006,539. This amount, however, does not include $331,208, 809 in certificates and treasury notes outstanding, which are offset by an equal amount of cash held for their redemption. The cash in the treasury is classified as follows: Gold reserve, about $150. 000,000; trust funds, $931,20S,869; general fund, $144,793,557; In national bank depositories, $168, 047,060; in treasurv of Philippine islands, $4, 908,445; total, $1,398,957,932. Against this there are demand liabilities outstanding amounting to $1,029,720,503, leaving a cash balance on hand of $369,237,429. IN HIS ANNUAL REPORT DIRECTOR ROB erts of the United States mint shows that me coinage mints in Philadelphia, New Orleans, and San Francisco were in operation during the year and that the output was greater in the num ber of pieces than in any previous year, aggregat ing 205,872,482. It is pointed out that the demand for small domestic coins and for Philippine coins reduced the aggregate of gold coinage to $45,721, 733 and the stock of gold bullion in the mints in creased from 124,089,823 to $157,511,571. This bullion is included in all figures of treasury re serves. The net gain in the gold stock of the country during the year is estimated to have been $57,157,149. Of the silver bullion purchased for dollar coinage under the act of July 14, 1890, 33, 218,712 fine ounces were on hand at the beginning of the year and 17,502,938 at the close of the year. This amount will be entirely exhausted during the current fiscal year. No other provision exists for the coinage of dollars or subsidiary silver coin. J J APOLITICAL QUARREL OF MORE THAN thirty years standing between Iceland and Denmark has at last been settled. The Pall Mall Gazette says: "The Icelanders who speak a lan guage different from Danish in fact, their tongue is very nearly that of the old Norse Edda have incessantly contended that between that country and Denmark there should only be the 'golden link of the crown.' In making this claim they went by ancient historical traditions of still greater freedom. Their claim was that there should be a special minister for Iceland, who should reside at Reykjavik and be a native of the island. Hitherto the Danish minister of justice was at the same time the minister for Iceland, and he, residing at Copenhagen, was not required to know the Icelandic language. This was held to be sore grievance, especially when the .althing, or parliament, was assembled, and the Danish governor atB,eykjavik had often to correspond by letter from the often storm bound isle, with the authorities at Copenhagen, there being no tele graphic cable. Now the Danish government has; yielded to the demand of the Icelanders and the althing has given its assent to the bill in ques tion. As a curious fact,, it may be mentioned that the island, with a population of but 80,000, has an upper and lower house, of twelve and twenty four members, each easily accommodated in an ordinary room. As a rule, the Icelanders are In tellectually much gifted, producing many learned men.' o& s A PRELIMINARY REPORT RECENTLY is sued by the census bureau says that during the fiscal year ending June- 30, 1902, there were 3, 620 central light and power stations in operation in the United States with a gross income of $85,700,605 and a total expense of $68,081,375. The cost of their construction and equipment amount ed to $504,740,352. The power plant equipment consisted of 5,930 steam engines, with 1,379,941 indicated horse power and 1,390 water wheels with a stated horse power of 438,472. The generating plants consisted of 12,484 dynamos of every de scription, with a stated horse power of 1,624,980. It is further pointed out that 815 plants were operated under the control of municipalities, the cost of their construction and equipment being VOLUME 3, NUMBER tft $22,020,473, giving employment to 2,467 wag--n. ers, and paying in wages $1,422,34L "6Car' DURING THE FOOTBALL SEASON' op ball field, according to the statistics presented "tr the Chicago Tribune. The Tribune savs. 0i boy was driven insane from injuries, fhirt-rn players were severely injured, some of them d abled for life. The number of minor but pa-nfni accidents goes into the hundreds, and the r- o injured also is Incomplete. The feature ot'ht year's tabulation is that it shows that rious casualties practically were confined to -untrained players. No member any of the first-class elevens was killed or permanently disabled. One Ya'e player and one Harvard played suffered a broken leg. No player in any of the teams of the 'B Nine in the west was the victim of anv hurt worse than a wrenched shoulder, a bruised head a sprained ankle or a turned ankle. In conse quence of the injuries sustained by their plavers several of the minor schools have forbidden "the game of football. Two towns Columbus Junc tion, Pa., and Greenfield, O., have stopped the sport as the result of petitidns circulated by parents." ' & J THE STRIKE IN THE PENRYN QUARRY, London, which strike has lasted more than tnree years, has been disposed of and a London cablegram to the Chicago Inter-Oceans says that the strikers have not gained a point, having de cided to discontinue the strike and resume work on Lord Penryn's terms. The Inter-Ocean's corre spondent says: "The strike was originated in a remarkable manner. Several officials and con tractors were attacked inside the quarry by those under them, and soon afterward they made certain demands which Lord Penryn refused. A strike was declared, but when the quarries were thrown open two weeks ago 500-men returned. Continued disturbances ensued between the strikers and the secessionists, and the Bangor magistrates have dealt with hundreds of cases arising from the dis pute, which it Is estimated has cost the district close upon 100,000 in wages alone. It was ob vious, when the ranks of the strikers were weak ened two years ago, that they were engaged in a hopeless struggle, and ever since the secession ists have been weekly augmented, there being now close upon 2,000 men engaged in the quarry, ex clusive of those employed at the shipping outlet at Bangor. Hundreds of these are new hands, so that many of the strikers have been permanently displaced. All those who were identified with the disturbances which marked the commence ment of the dispute are debarred from obtaining work at the quarry, as are also the strike leaders." & J SEVERAL HUNDRED PETITIONS PROTEST ing against Reed Smoot retaining his seat as junior senator from Utah were filed in the senate on November U. Most of these protests were offered by Senator Burrows, chairman of the elections committee, through petitions filed by organizations including churches, universities, colleges and other, educational institutions. On the same day Mr. Hoar presented in the senate a numerously signed petition asking that body to expedite the consideration of the charges against Mr. Smoot, and in doing so the senator Irom Massachusetts took occasion to remind the send ers of these petitions that the proceeding was out of order and, in fact, practically a contempt of the United States senate. Mr. Hoar declared that the determination of Mr. Smoot's rights will he purely a judicial proceeding to be determined by tiie laws and the constitution of the united States. if THE ANNOUNCEMENT WAS RECENTLY made thnt negotiations were in progress for the purchase of a volcano in South America on account of the value of its deposits of sulphur. The Takoma, Wash., correspondent of the New York Herald makes the claim that Alaska is io become famous because of the rich deposits oi pure sulphur which it contains. The world has for many years been depending for its supply oj sulphur in the industrial arts, on Sicily, as is weu known, but it is now claimed that the deposits . oi sulphur on Mount McCuteheon, on Unalaska i-i; and, is far in excess of the deposits in Sicii). These deposits were recently discovered by eor Carlson, who has for years been in the Swedisn government's employ as a mining engineer, ami was long located at the Sicilian mines as an ex port, locating new beds and superintending in workings. Mc Carlson not long ago visited uu alaska island, spending a month there witji - men, and made a thorough exploration of the ianu.