Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 21, 1903)
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AUGUST 21, 1903.
tain tho facts regarding the anti-Jewish
riots there. In his report of tho
massacre, it is reported that 41 Jews
were killed and 303 wounded, while
among the Christians one was killed
and 68 wounded. Tho authorities at
Kishlneff wero blamed for not pre
venting the massacre.
A committee was recently appointed
to make a trip through Illinois, Ind
iana and Ohio for the purpose of in
specting and learning the latest and
test methods of caring for the insane.
This trip was made with the object of
determining the best plan for the con
struction of the state insane asylum
again at Norfolk, Neb., which asylum
burned some time ago. This commit
tee has reported in favor of the cot
tage plan instead of one large build
ing and it is believed that the state
board of public lands and buildings
will consider this plan 'favorably.'
The International Typographical
nnion which has recently held its con-
vention at wasmngton, jj. u., on Aug
ust 12 decided unanimously to hold its
next meeting in 1904 at St. Louis.
In the contest for the Canadian rac
ing cup held at Toronto on August 13
the American challenger Irondequoit
won the fifth and deciding race of the
series from Strathcona, defender of
The volcano of Vesuvius is again
causing terror to the inhabitants of
the surrounding tfegion. A fresh open
ing has been made to the base of the
principal crater from which two
streams of lava are issuing- It is feared
that the devastation of 1872 may be re
peated and great alarm prevails
On August 13 it was reported from
Oyster Bay, N. Y., that as a result of
a conference between the president and
a sub-committee of the senate finance
committee, at which conference the fi
nancial legislation at the approaching
session of congress was discussed, it
may be that the extra session will be
called some weeks earlier than at first
announced. The principal issues to
be discussed will be Cuban reciprocity
and financial legislation. No date has
yet been officially fixed for the con
vening of congress, however.
The Irish land bill was agreed to in
the house of lords on August 13 in
the form approved by the house of
commons and the measure now only
awaits the royal assent to become a
On August 13 it was reported from
St Petersburg that a new vicoroyalty
comprising the Amur district ana the
Kwan-Tung province in Asia had been
established and Vice Admiral Alcxieff
bas been appointed as viceroy of the
rew district. Hr will bo vested with
l.irge powers, commanding the troops
and fleets of the province, as well as
rovernihg the people and assuming
The trial of Jett and White at Cyn
thiana, Ky,, in connection with the
murders in Breathitt county, Ky., on
account of the feud disturbances, re
sulted in the conviction on August 14
of both these men and their sentence
nas been placed at life imprisonment.
It is believed that a motion for a new
tiial of the condemned men will be
made a once
The general staff of the army goes
into office on August IS and aa order
may be cured by strengthening the
heart nerves, enriching1 the. blood and
Mites Heart Cure Safe. and. sure
defining the duties of this body has
been promulgated by Secretary Root
This general staff is appointed by the
president and retires with him. Gen
eral Young has been chosen as chief of
staff, which position practically is the
same in importance as that of lieu
tenant general recently occupied by
General Miles, now retired.
Privilege and Politics.
An eminent educator suggests that
Andrew Carnegie could make no bet
ter use of tho wealth that he is strlv
ing to give away faster than the men
employed in the steel industry can
earn it for him than to found a school
The suggestion is belated. When
Mr. Carnegie was a young man build
ing the foundation of his fortune he
perceived the value of contributing to
a school of politics. He contributed,
and he contributed liberally. It prof
ited him much.
Mr. Carnegie is "canny." He was
not slow in recognizing that by do
nating $100,000 to a republican cam
paign fund, to promote the cause of
protection, American labor would be
greatly encouraged. The greater the
encouragement given to labor, the
greater the profits of Mr. Carnegie.
Mr. Carnegie's wealth increased and
bis campaign contributions becam?
larger. He financed republican cam
paigns, and in return was privileged
to write the steel schedules when th'i
republican party responded to the de
mand of the people for a revision of
For every dollar that Mr. Carnegie
devoted to his school of politics, he
was permitted to extort from tho pub
lic $100 in excessive profits.
Shortly before Mr. Carnegie retired,
one of his partners swore that tho
Carnegie steel mills were paying an
nual profits double the actual cost of
the plants. It may have been an exaggeration.
When Mr. Carnegie turned ms prop
erties over to the steel trust, it is un
derstood he was given $300,000,000 in
the bonds of the trust a first lien
upon its assets.
A large part of the $300,000,000 paid
Mr. Carnegie represented the value of
the monopoly which the tariff gives
the steel industry.
In other words, Mr. Carnegie was
paid a vast fortune for the privilege
which, the tariff gives the steel -indus-trv
to mulct the people.
Mr. Carne-gh.had paid for that priv
ilege. He continues to profit from it
The interest that is paid on the steel
trust bonds held by him is largely
the fruit of the privilege.
The libraries, the pnuantnropies,
the castles in Scotland, tho outpour
ings, large and small, from tho Car
negie coffers, are monuments to the
Carnegie school of politics.
Mr. Carnegie is one of many. He Is
more conspicuous than other benefici
aries of privilege, but he is not alonot
In enjoying its fruits.
The value of privilege was early
learned by the ruling classes of all na
tions. It solved the problem of living
on the sweat of other men's brows.
When William conquered Englan.i
he distributed among his retainers the
irivilege of collecting rent for the use
of the soil by ihe conquered.
The successors of William were keen
4 ,upnvp.r other Drivileges that might
be granted to their favorites.
One noble lord was given uu- i
ilege to collect a tax upon every pound
of coal brought into London.
xw tv,a -wnipp was taxed that a
court favorite might have a source of
ThTdescendants of these holders of
privileges claimed them as 'vested
rights' and the people of London
have been mulcted to indemnify them.
Modern civilization, with Its won
derful industrial development, has
greatly enlarged -the possibilities of
Tho court favorite has been dis
placed by the "captains of Industry."
The pcoplo, howovcr, continue to
pay the tax to carry the burden. Tho
methods are different, buttho result
is the same.
Tho border of privilege wherever ho
bo found, whether it be the man at
the toll gate or the benoficinry of a
tariff schedule, is commissioned to
take from tho hand of labor tho wealth
it has created. Milwaukee News.
People do odd things at critical mo-,
ments. In a fire at Marshall, Mo., last
week, T. B. Gill, a book dealer, whose
store was in danger, ruBhed outdoors
carrying nothing but,a box of matches.
Being asked what lie meant to do with
them, ho said he rescued them to pre
vent them from becoming ignited. It
turned out that he had 100 boxes more
in tho store, which, in his excitement,
he had forgotten. A few days ago a
cyclone struck a farm In Atchison
county, Missouri. The fanjily wore
aroused, and, thoroughly frightened,
began grabbing whatever was closest
and most worth saving, and rushing
downstairs with it When the excite
ment partly subsided it was discov
ered that one good old woman had
come down in her night dress carry
ing in one hand an unllghted keroseno
lamp and in the other a cup of wa
ter that she had beside her bed. Now
rwt mr jw roraicroai proper
wet. Aonncis exporter pv
i to 9iv perpounu. osrat
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amir tcit lira
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THE COMMONER "I'Vl'te
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THE PRAIRIE FARMER Homo Magazine monthly supplement is a
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