The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, June 19, 1903, Page 3, Image 3

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The Commoner.
JUNE- 19, 19 0 3. . -
methods employed by organized wealth and thoso
who speak for It It seems that the eastern
capitalists are not pleased with the democratic ad
ministration in Chicago, ihat administration, al
though evidently satisfactory to the people of
Chicago, is not acceptable to the New Yorc
financiers. The Wall Street Journal, thereforo,
. reads the people of Chicago a lecture on their
duty, and winds up with this warning:
"Wo know the pulse of eastern capitalists
towara investments in Chicago about as well
as anybody, and we have not h.esitated to say
that disgust with Chicago has been evident
among them aii, and it will take very attrac
tive offerings to get investment capital from
the east to Chicago again." -
The people of Chicago are advised that "the
terminal charges of the railroaus in Chicago
suould bo carefully scrutinized," and that "capi
tal should bo encourage'd to come to Chicago." It
will be remembered that Mayor Harrison has op
posed the ninety-nine-year street railway lease,
and insisted upon giving the people of Chicago a
chance to speak on the subject of franchises;
even the legislature of Illinois was finally com
pelled to indorse the position taken by Mayor
. Harrison and His supporters. Having failed to
coerce the city, the capita ists now seek to in
timidate It with the threat of withdrawing capi
tal. If the New York financiers are not willing
to loan money to Chicago, Chicago might issue
the bonds in small denominations and sell them
to the people of Chicago. It would not be difll
cult to find a demand for all the bonds that Chi
cago is compelled to issue, and it would be just
as well for those bonds to be held by the people
as to have the people's money deposited in sav
ings banks. Whenever any state attempts to
" reduce the rate of interest or to legislate for the
protection of its people, it is always warned, aa
Chicago is now being warned, that capital must
"be tenderly dealt witn, and laws made for foreign
Investors rather than for the benefit of the citi
zens of the state.
If the Wall Street Journal wants to find a
legitimate field for its energies let it turn its at
tention to the watered stock that is being palmed
off upon- the public and made valuable by extor
tion practiced on the public; let it arraign the street
speculators who are shocked at E-iall gambling,
but swindle the public with corners, raids and ,
concerted manipulation of stock. If the people
outside of New York were as careful to protect
their own interests as the Wall street financiers
are to advance theirs, these who are now tha
masters of commerce would find their power for
harm greatly curtailed.
Timely Warning".
The New York Commercial Is one of the lead
ing financial publications. In its ibsue of April 2
the Commercial had an editorial in which it de
c ed that "the principle of a"bitratlon 'has not
been strengthened or popularized by the appoint
ment, the deliberations, and the final awards of
the anthracite coal strike arbitration commis
sion." The New York Sun had said: "An arbitra
tion commission is never organized to dispense
justice according to the evidence submitted to it,
but for compror lie, for harmony. The habit of
giving each side something seems too deeply
rooted to be Interrupted."
Quoting this statement by the Sun, the Com
mercial said that "it is so patent to all unpreju
diced observers of the course of arbitration of the
past that the wonder Is that important questions
in the conduct of industry and business continue
to be turned over to such tribunals."
ThTm the Commercial predicts that
"When the anthracite miners shall have
received their back pay and when the new
sliding scale of wages shall have been put
in operation, the net result of a bitter con
troversy and its adjustment consuming near
ly a whole year will be found to be little more
than, an jidvance in the retail price of coal
to the consumers. That will very accurately
measure the extent to which the public was
or is a 'party' to the great coal strike. The
public will pay the bills that's all."
Undoubtedly it Is the purpose of the coal
barons to require the public to pay the bills; and
yet may it not be true that after the laboring men
in the mines have obtained some sort of justice
at the hands of the coal barons, the public will,
sooner or later, find means for protecting Itself
from the imposition of these men who pretend to
believe that they are ordained of God to admin
ister the property of the country?
. After the Commercial had made It very, clear
that it does not indorse the principle of arbitra-
tion, that publication made tho most interesting -prediction
of all. The Commercial said:
"We predict that before tho end of this
decado employers .will bo so generally and so
effectively-organized that no pressuro of pop
ular opinion will bo strong onough to force
them into arbitration whon thoy have nothing
to arbitrate."
Every one who has studied tho trust system
understands that tho Commercial has made a fair
picdiction if that system bo permitted to continue.
But it is somewhat surprising that that financial
publication would tako tho public so completely
into its confidence.
It Is true that if tho trust system is allowed lo
flourish and to fatten, long bet'oro tho end of thitf
decado the trust. magnates will bo "so generally
and so effectively organized that no pressure of.
popular opinion will bo strong enough to l'orco
them into arbitration;" and It Is also truo that
thoy will be "so effectively organized" that no ap
peal from the people for relief lrom trust imposi
tions will receive any consideration at tho hands
of tho men responsible for thoso impositions.
It would seem that tho consumers of the coun
try have had ample warning concerning tho trust
system in tho increasing cost of living and In tho
growing powers of that system. If, however, tho
situation needs elucidation for tho enlightenment
of any of these consumers, it may be found in
the New York Commercial's candid statement.
Rockefeller's Prayer.
A reader of The Commoner sends in a clip
ping containing a dispatch from New York re
porting a speech made by John D. Rockefeller,
Jr., to his Blblo class. The Gispatch stated that
Rockefeller "practically stated today that the
Standard Oil company was under divine guid
ance." In the quotation from tho speech young
Rockefeller is represented as saying: "In one
Important matter Involving big money I prayed
every night and morning to God to direct me.s
The matter was so big it seemed beyond me. Sud
denly one day light came, and I saw the proper
path clear. God answered my prayer. The con
sciousness that wo are divinely directed gives
comfort, courage, strength, and then tho way
Mr. Rockefeller Is to be commended for his
trust in God, and he is right also in saying that
there is comfort and courage In faith. But tho
fact that ho prays is not In itself conclusive evi
dence that his business is under divine guidance.
It is not necessary that all Christian people shall
sanction the Rockefeller method of making mon
ey merely because Rockefeller prays. In everv
great war in which Christians have been en
gaged on both sides, prayer has been offered en
both sides, and men of both sides have believed
themselves justified in appealing to the God of
Battles. In every persecution that has been car
ried on in the name of religion both those who
persecuted and those who were victims, lifted up
their voices to God and prayed for help. Mothers
have sacrificed their children to appease or to
propitiate idols, and mothers have protected their
children to please God. There must be intelli
gence as well as zeal, and tho zeal must bo di
rected to righteous ends before it can be com
mended. Lincoln drew the proper distinction;
when asked if ho was not anxious to have God
on his side, he said that he was anxious rather to
be on God's side. Mr. Rockefeller must make tha
same distinction. He may think that he is doing
his full duty when he prays that tho Lord will
help the Standard Oil company to make an enor
mous profit by the practice of extortion, but mil
lions of people believe that his prayer would be
more In keeping with holy writ if he prayed for
strength to resist the temptation to use trust
methodsmethods which differ in form, but not
in principle, from tho methods of the robbers
upon the highway.
A Real Democrat.
The Chicago Public and the Columbus (O.) Press
Press have been giving prominence to the suc
cessful fight recently made by Tom Johnson
against a democratic aspirant for tho legislature
who voted with the republicans to give the Cin
cinnati street car lines a forty-four-year lease.
There were eight of these democrats who fur
thered the Interests of the corporations, and they
were afterwards known as the "eight black'
sheep" of tho Ohio legislature. Johnson notified
them that he would do what he could to prevent
theii ever representing (or n representing) the
democratic party again. Ho told them that ho
would oppose their renomination, and if they wero
renominated, would oppose their election. Six of
thorn wero discreet enough not to bo candidates.
One who aspired to a renomination afterwards
gave it up, and tho eighth attempted to raako tho
race. Mayor Johnson lubricated his automobi.e
nnd Btartcd for tho seat of war. Ho made a
canvass of the county, speaking at a number of
places and Inviting nny friend of the corporation
candidate to moot him In debate or ask quontlons.
As a result of his contest the "black sheep ". al
though supported by tho local or .nizatlon. was
Bravo, Johnron! If wo had more deraocra'h.
loaders IPo him the democratic party would poon
bo invincible. Tho election of undemocratic demo
crats to oillco Is infinitely worse for thb pnrty
than defeat A party can afford to ho small If Jt
stands for the right, because then It will grow;
but If a party, however largo, selects for offiro
men who do the bidding of corporations nnd then
renominates sucn men after their filiations are
known, Unit party must, sooner -x later, have,
as It deserves, the contempt of good citizens. Tho
republican pnrty Is controlled by he corpora
tions; we cannot defeat It by putting the demo
cratic party under tho same control, but we can
defeat it by maling the democratic party an hon
est exponent o honest government
Tho democratic party of Ohio Is tho stronger
for the purging it Is recolving. 'iuc largest part
of Tom Johnson's greatness Js to be found In
tho fact that ho has faith In the right, faith In
the people and the moral courage to put his faith
to the test bv his acts. He has ion his fight In
tho city of Clevolmd because ho hns had the cour
age to fight for the people and to appeal to them.
He will ultimately win his fight In Ohio In spite
of tho rlurs and slandors of papers like tho
Cincinnati Enquirer.
In a Monarchy, Too,
Tho press dispatches report that King Alex
ander. Queen Draga, his wife, the queon's two
brothers. Premier Markovltch, tho minister of
war, two aides-de-camp, and two other officers,
wero assassinated in tho royal palaco at Belgrade,
the capltil of Servia. The assassination was tho
work of high officials in the army. It is reported
that the people are very : ich pleased and that
the new dynasty is fully installed.
If this had occurred in a South American re
public It would have been heralded by the lovers
of arbitrary power os an evidence of tho incapac
ity of the people for self-crovornment and it would
have been sagely sugrcrted that tho republic
should be ta'cn in charge by some European
government for the preservation of law and or
der, but as the apoasslnation, atrocious in Its
conception an,d horrible in its derails, occurred In
a monarchy It will probably bo passed over as a
matter of little importance.
An English View.
The Daily Mail of London publishes tho first
of a series of letters from Perclval Landon, IU
special correspondent at Manila. Tho following
item from the press dispatches shows that he
agrees with Miles rather than with the adminis
tration in regard to present conditions there:
"Landon declares that the American cam
paign has made no Impression in tie islands; that
the firing line Is co-extensive with the coast lino
8nd that a feeling of uttei insecurity prevails at
' headquarters. The correspondent asserts that in
a country depending entirely upon agriculture for
its prosperity the Islands aro being largely aban
doned. He says it is time for the United States
to decide whether there might be a reconsidera
tion of its policy of the past few years."
Mr. Hill's Indignation.
A reader of Tho Commoner calls attention to
tho argument made by ex-Senator Hill before
the court of appeals as attorney for the corpora
tions which are fighting the franchise tax estab
lished under Governor Roosevelt's admlnistro-
. tion. Mr. Hill Is quoted as saying that Governor
Roosevelt had forced the bill on the legislature at
the behest of "certain minor, semi-political and
socialistic organizations, self-constituted, irre
sponsible and noisy associations, mostly of non
taxpayers, assuming a monopoly of the cham
pionship of the people's alleged rights." Of courso
Mr. Hill was Indignant When he was in the
senate he did not listen to such organizations,
but was entirely subservient to certain major
. non-political and largely plutocratic organiza
tions, self-constituted, irresponsible and noisy as
sociations, mostly of tax-dodgers, assuming a
. monopoly of the championship of the business
interests of the country.