The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, May 29, 1903, Page 6, Image 6
'"V i. 1 ; .1 1 --ij- ' ' l ' "1 ' """""' ' '" '1 - The Commoner . VOLUME 3, NUMBER 19. CURR8NT . :i mi 'H ' in ii l Tiki ti i rT'TTm'jfr1"!"1. -W J" K" CvgSlg&teo r I 1 SERIOUS CHARGES RELATING TO IRREG ularltics in tho administration of the postal altairs have been formally preferred by Seymour W. Tulloch, formerly cashier of tho Washington city postomce. In a letter to tho postmaster gen eral, Mr. Tulloch says that in all instances of ir regularities and favoritism, tho proper allowances, records, vouchors, etc., were carefully executed and little Information can be ascertained by their Investigation. Ho says that tho real facts behind these allowances and vouchers are known to few, "those Interested who will not and others, clerks, who dare not talk." This was probably meant as a broad hint to the postmaster general to make it easy for tho clerks "who dare not talk," to speak without fear of injury to themselves. THE THING WHICH LED TO SUBSEQUENT irregularities, abuses, and extravagances and Anally Mr. Tulloch's removal from office, re lated, according to the former cashier's state ment, to tho purchase of a piece of office furni ture. The chief of the salary and allowance di vision of tho postofflce department desired a file case, but his requisitions were rejected by his su perior officer. Ar. Tulloch Eays that subsequent ly vouchers were presented to him for this file caso accompanied by an allowance for itB pay ment out of the funds of th? Washington city postofflce. Mr. Tulloch says that he directed the contractor to obtain a certificate of delivery of tho goods from tho chief of tho salary and al lowance division, but that officer refused to ac copt tho receipt fearing exposure during the audit of tho vouchors and Tulloch says that ho refused to pay for tho caso until some one was willing to sign tho receipt. Mr. Tulloch further charges that on one occasion tho first assistant postmaster general sent his clerk to Tulloch with a voucher for a lump sum for traveling expenses accompa nied by an allowance for its payment from the funds of the Washington city postofflce. Knowing that such a demand was irregular, on its face, Tulloch protested. Ho says that official became very angry at the idea of a mere cashier at tempting to make any suggestions to him and refused to amend and itemize his voucher. Tho Washington city postmaster sustained the posi tion taken by tho cashier, but finally the auditor of tle postofflce department sent word to the cashier that if he would enclose the voucher in his next account, the informality would be over looked. Mr. Tulloch says that an inspection of tho Washington accounts will show many similar subsequent payments of traveling and other ex penses on account of departmental officials with out tho usual departmental checks. rHAT POSTOFFIQE EMPLOYES WERE RE quired to furnish a bond, the same to be provided by a single recognized company, irre spective of tho fact that such employes could fur nish good personal bonds or might desire to avail themselves of the competition in premiums be tween other bonding companies, is another charge made by Mr. Tulloch. He says that the Washing. ton city postmaster had a conference with George W. Beaver, then chief of the salary and allow ance division, and reported that Mr. Beaver had said "Senator Piatt of New York would appre ciate the fact if ho would select the senator's company." Mr. Tulloch admits that tho original circular was subsequently modified by allowing employes to select their own bonds or bonding companies. SEVERAL MYSTERIOUS TRANSACTIONS with relation to the purchase of high-priced furniture are referred to by Mr. Tulloch. In these the name of Perry S. Heath, formerly first as sistant postmaster general, figures, and not entire ly In a creditable way, if Mr. Tulloch's statements are to bo relied upon. That a complimentary pay roll was maintained in the postofflce department. Is another charge made by Mr. Tulloch. In thi3 it is, claimed that certain men and women wero paid money out of the public treasury without doing any work. It is also charged that a num bor of persons designated as finance clerks, audi tors, etc., wero paid from $200 to $300 each per annum more than their lawful salary. Mr. Tul loch says that with only on 3 or two exceptions, the positions as cleaners, char-women, laborers, etc, were evasions of the civil service law and the parties did not perform their duties Implied in their official designations and often no ser vice whatever. It is further charged that on one occasion, a Porto Rican official was called dowa sharply by the Washington office with reference to irregularities in. his money order account Ho wrote back, "Perhaps if you knew who my in fluence is, you would not write to me In such a manner." Mr. Tulloch says the postal accounts of this official became so confused and full of errors that ho refused to pay his salary. Re f erring to this official, Tulloch says: "He sur prised me one day by calling and demanding his back pay. This was refused until his accounts had been audited. He replied, 'Very well, at your convenience. I have been appointed to a $1,400 position in the land office.' " Mr. Tulloch says that at the time of his removal most of the offi ces in Porto Rico were in arrears, some of them for a considerable amount, and that the accounts were very much confused. Mr. Tulloch goes into details, making many charges affecting the reg ularity and honesty of the postal service and among other things charges that during the last four years the members of tLe household of the postmaster at Washington city have drawn' for their services $40,000 from the local postal rev enue. ? & IN RESPONSE TO THE CHAKGES MADE BY Former Cashier Tulloch, Postmaster Gen eral Payne has sent a letter to the comptroller of the treasury, the auditor of f-3 postofflce de partment, and other officials calling their atten tion to Mr. Tulloch's statements and asking for any explanation or further information that might throw light on the subject Mr. Payne says that "if those officials allow improper accounts to be audited or suppressed, what might be called 'pay . dirt' had been found In tho charges itapugning their good faith and integrity." Mr. Payne added that irregularities do not necessarily mean any thing unlawful. The department may pay out of. its own fund either. by accident or design and that need not be unlawful. Mr. Payne says tie charges will be thoroughly investigated and Sena tor Thomas C. Piatt takes a hand in the discus . sion to enter a flat denial of Mr. Tulloch's state ment relating to the bonding companies. Sena tor Piatt says that he has no interest in any such company. A BILL IS PENDING IN THE LEGISLATIVE assembly at Melbourne providing for a sup pression of the strike. In this bill it is provided that an employe leaving his work without giving four nights' notice is to be assumed to have joined the strike and will incur the penalty of 500 fine or a year's imprisonment with loss of pension and will be ineligible in the future for government employment The bill also forbids interference with employes, the collection ot strike funds or encouraging the strike in any man ner. The bill further empowers the police to destroy documents encouraging tho strike, makes printers thereof offenders against the law and declares meetings to be unlawful if four strikers are present All persons refusing to disperse are liable to arrest without warrants and the po lice are empowered to forcibly enter meetings. K1 THE WORK OF RECONSTRUCTING THE Campanile at Venice is progressing and a ' Home cablegram to the Chicago Tribune says that in the course of a lecture on various data provided by the examination of tho remains of the fallen tower it was said that the shape of the bricks proved them to have been used for various purposes at a previous stage. Their use was for arches, fortifications, the tops of walls, etc. A . most important fact is that they are not Ven etian, but Roman bricks. Moreover, when they were manufactured they were not manipulated like modern bricks, but were formed from slices of clay as it was found, without the natural lay ers being disturbed. This process resulted in each individual brick being able to support a weight quite four times as great as the modern ones. Tho bricks examined are of the first cen tury. One bore the impression of a' horseshoe, conclusively proving the debated point that horse shoes then were in use. ? THE DESCENDANTS OF JAMES AND Henry Leonard, who were the first iron masters in America, have undertaken - to com memorate the establishment of the iron industry in tho United States by tho erection of a monu ment at Taunton, Mass. Tho sum of $40,000 has already been pledged to this plan. The Taunton correspondent for the Chicago Inter-Ocean says: "A design has been completed by Mr. Charles Henry Niehaus of New York. It shows a shaft, which may be of marble or granite, intended to be seventy-five feet in height, resting on a granito pedestal. Around the base ot the shaft are grouped twenty-one figures, representing iron workers and phases of the iron industry in early days. The first iron works in the United States were established at Saugus, mass., In 1643. Three years later a furnace and forge were put in oper ation at Braintree, and in 1G53 the industry was established on a more extensive scale at Taun ton. A portion of the plant stood for more than 200 years." l? ' DO DIAMONDS COME FROM THE SKIES? IS an interesting question dealt with by a writer in the Chicago Inter-Ocean. This writer says that the 'theory was first broached by Mey denhauer. According to this authority, the dia mond can be of cosmic origin only, having fallen as a meteorite at a late period of the earth's formation. The localities where diamonds are found contain tue residues of riot very compact meteoric masses which may have fallen in his toric ages and penetrated more or less deeply according to the more or less resistent character of the surface where they fell, 'juie Inter-Ocean, writer adds: "The most striking confirmation of the theory comes from Arizona. Here on broad plain over an area about five miles in diameter were scattered 1,000 to 2,000 masses of metallic iron, the fragments weighing from half a ton to a fraction of an ounce. There is littlo doubt these masses formed part of meteoric shower, although no record exists as to when the fall took place. Curiously enough, near the cen ter where most of the meteorites have been found is a crater with ragged edges, three-quarters of a mile in diameter and about 600 feet deep, bear ing exactly the appearance which would be pro duced had a mighty mass of iron or falling star struck the ground, scattering in all directions, and burled itself under the surface. Dr. Foote in cutting a section of this meteorite, found the tools were injured by something vastly harder than metallic iron. He examined the specimea chemically and soon afte- announced to the scien tific world that the Arizona meteorite contained black and transparent diamonds. This discovery was verified by Professors Friedel' and Noissan, who found that it contained three varieties oJ carbon, diamond, graphite, and amorphous car- A REPORT RECENTLY PUBLISHED BY THE .London county council presents Some in teresting information concerning the city -of Lon don. According to this report, in the adminis- ?ai9ye, ounty of London. there are 571,768 in habited houses, which shelter 4,536,541 persons, or an average of 7.93 as compared with 7.74 ten years iJL-5: xdustr,ial workers aggregate 1,013,177, less than three-fourths of whom are males. Tho S tamy in London during that year was greater Qwiri f A,msterdam, Brussels, Copenhagen, pKS If' ?erlin' but less than that of Kj1. Petersburg, Vienna, and New York. n-L inLLnd,n'i' e" the count7 council-will ?WVni 8&miles of tramways and light railways. ?' , , thtgl proflt on tbose then in opera tion was 147,797. In the last ten years there thf i a general decrease in offenses against wLf 8ave druntenness, and arrests .for these fi4fi nlTeaS?d from 537 Per 100'000 Population to mh, J Ver 50 per cent The ratable value of the m,m ai9oi from 19'96'3'285 in 1891 " to 39,- THE OFFICIAL FIGURES OF THE ITALIAN ,.,, enss shows. 16,151,130 males and 16,320, m females, or a total population of 32,475,253. ff' bkkiH&i.