The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, December 19, 1902, Page 6, Image 6

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Current topics
SEVERAL YEARS AGO MORRIS K. JESUP
contributed $50,000 to the American Museum
or Natural History for the purpose of financing
an inquiry concerning the East Arctic Siberian
tribes. The American Museum co-operated with
the Russian Academy of Scionce and their agents
have recently made a report to the effect that the
American Indian and the Asiatic Eskimo are re
lated and that both originated in China..
THE QUIETEST AND YET THE MOST STUB
born strike is reported from Bridgeport,
Oonn. A correspondent of the New York World
relates that one year ago 100 men walked out of
Parson's foundry. Seventy of these were iron
moulders and thirty were their helpers. The con
tention relates to piece work. Since the day of
the walk-out noither side has sought a conference
looking to the termination of the strike. The
foundry people have managed to keep running,
but they have been sadly handicapped by inex
perienced men. The strikers still maintain a
picket whose duty it is to urge the non-union men
to. quit work. In many cases these appeals have
been, effective and the company has found it nec
essary ,to employ some now men every week dur
ing the past year. It is said that "both sides to
the difficulty have lost money; Neither side has
expressed a desire to state its case in the papers,
as is usual in such matters, both appearing to be
perfectly content to let matters stand as they are,
no doubt with the feeling that each is right, and
hecauset talk would be useless. And on Decem
ber 13, Mn Emmet Hall, the iron moulders cele-
Dratea tne anniversary of the strike."
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THE QUESTION OF RECIPROCITY WITH
Cuba will bo an interesting feature during
the present session of congress. The president in
his; message has urged reciprocity and yet there
are indications that his plan will meet with" vig
orous objection in the senate. There are some
who are willing to grant a 20 per cent reduction
on the duty laid on Cuban imports, but it is
maintained by the Cubans that this will be of no
advantage whatever and they plead for a more
liberal reduction. Cuban tobacco men say a re
duction of 50 per cent on raw material would be
advantageous, but that they believe the better
thing would be a uniform rate on wrapper and
'filler tobacco of 20 or 25 cents a pound.
ONE OF THE MOST INTERESTING Visi
tors to America is Dr. Adolf Lorenz of Vien
na. He is a celebrated surgeon whose specialty
is in the treatment of cripples. He came to this
country in response to summons from one or two
wealthy men who desired his services in behalf
o their own children and wherever he has been
he has given fr-a clinics for the benefit of ,the
poor. Dr. Lorenz's visit to this country has
prompted an i-vestigation on the part of sur
geons in various localities as to the number of
crippled children. In New York, for instance, the
surgeons of Cornell university have examined 1,600
children. They were surprised to discover that
among this number there were 100 having con
genital dislocations "of the hip, rn affliction to
.which Dr. Lorenz pays particular attention' atid in
the treatment of which he has been eminently suc
cessful. m
AN INTERESTING DESCRIPTION OF THE
methods of Viennas famous surgeon is
given by Dr.,V. P. Gibney in the December Re
view of Reviews. Dr. Gibney explains . that Dr.
Lorenz is one of ceveral orthopedic surgeons who
have made relentless war on all kinds of de
formities and diseases which criprle a child. Dr.
Gibnpy says that whore permanent lameness
comes in adult life the sympatny is not so acute
as when it attacks a child in its earliest years.
. rho appeal of the father and .mother becomes
truly pathetic, and it is not surprising that the
best years Df a man's life are devoted to the cure
- of these little ones. It is only within the last two
or three decades that hip disease itself has been
regarded as a curable malady, it Is explained
however, that, after all, the large number o'f cases
of disease involving this joint are not so relieved
that tho functions of the joint are perfectly re
stored, and it is no wonder that thousands of
children with stiff hips and shortened limbs are
longing for the advent of this distinguished Vien
nese surgeon.
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THE METHODS EMPLOYED BY DR. LORENZ
do not involve cutting. These r methods are
described in Dr. Gibney's article' in this way:
"The non-bloody method means this: the forcible
stretching of all tho soft parts about the hip,
sometimes oven to the point of breaking the skin
(which is rare), until the head of the bone can
be brought to the place where the -socket should
, be. If one can employ enough force to bring the
head into this position, it naturally ' follows that
a great effort is made to retain the bone sufficient
ly long for tho formation of a socket more or less
Substantial. Many surgeons in this country and
abroad have been able to accomplish the former,
and tho percentage of cures (by which is meant
the retention of the bone sufficiently long for this
socket to be serviceable) is just large enough to
enlist still greater efforts. Now this great effort
has been so persistent in the hands of Dr. Lorenz
that his statistics furnish a larger percentage of.
perfect results. The stages of treatment are as
follows: (1) Tho exaggerated position of the
bone as related to the pelvis, extending over a
period of from, six to twelve month. "(2) A less ex
aggerated position, wherein the thigh is brought
midway between what is known .ad extreme abduc
tion and the vertical line. This period extends
over from three to six months. (3) The limb is
brought into a ,rmal position, when the fourth
stage of treatment is begun namely, massage, ac
tive and passive movements until the function of
the joint is made normal."
THE AUSTRIAN GOVERNMENT IS EXPERI
mentihg with a new and powerful explosive
which Is known as "galazit" An Associated press
" dispatch from Vienna says that "the explosive is
the discovery of two Houmanians of Galatz an
engineer named Demetriade and a chemist, "Jones.
In the course of the experiments a cartridge ex-
.ploded in a barrel of water threw the spray 20
feet high; another exploded in the Stump of an
old tree, buried several feet under ground, blew
the stump to splinters and torera great .-hole, in
the earth. Great results in .the way of shattering
iror were obtained by the inventors, and the gov
ernment experts regard the new explosive as bod
ing ill to all existing naval and military defensive
materials. It is claimed that galazit can bo
transported without risk and produced at a low
cost."
THE DEATH OF DR. JOSEPH PARKER AT
London on November 28 removed one of the
most distinguished clergymen of his time. Dr.
Parker was a Congregationalist. He began preach
ing in an humble way in 1848 at the age of eigh
teen years. It is said that his first pulpit was a
cross beam spanning a salt pit and that the pul
pit he held at the time of his death was made of
solid marble and cost $1,500, the church building
in which he preached, known as the City Tem
ple, having been erected at a cost of $350,000. He
was a forcible and dramatic speaker and had a
personal acquaintance which extended into all
sections of the world.
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SITTING IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT
court at Richmond, Va., Chief Justice ful
ler of the supreme court recently denied tho in
junction asked by John S. Wise, representing the
negroes. Mr. Wise represented the negroes who
were barred from voting by the new constitution.
He asked for .a writ of prohibition against the
state board of canvassers restraining them from
issuing election certificates on tho ground that the
election was illegal because of the disfranchisement
of the black man. In passing upon tho application
Chief Justice Fuller said: "Tho rule heretofore
entered herein is discharged and a preliminary
order denied this for want of jurisdiction. Tho
writ is not sought 'a aid of jurisdiction nor does
it appear that there is no other remedy. The pro
ceeding is iii effect against the commonwealth,
which is in any view an indispensible " party,
and tho matter being political, cannot be disposed
of in such a proceeding." Regarding the matter
of equity the decision was that a court of equity
has no jurisdiction in such a case. Mr. Wise an
nounced that he would carry tho case, to the su-
?r mAG court and would m nt -least :fifty suits of
?5,000 each against .the members of (tho, constitu
tional convention. These would beffor. damages
alleged to have been sustained by negroes in'be-
Vol. 2, No. 48.
ing disfranchised; Mr. WIho fnrM,
that ho'wbuld go to wTshlngtoi andT
proceedings to prevent the nfwfy chosen cn
pressman in one district from takinc htt S
ing his protest on the ground thS n 1' bas"
voters had been disfranchiseu a nUmber of
A THOUGH THE REPUBLICAN PARTY
LiJ, i?attonal Inarms has repeated! v
toTn fmi8tai8h0? t0.the territories there seems
to bo little hope for the passage of an omnibus
, TlUG admTissia to Arizona, New Mexico
?hn iSClaIi0ma- In the last aessIn of congress
to w'lfa,teS frm each of these territories S
to work for an omnibus bill or nothing Tho
house committee on territories reported favorably
and a measure is now pending before the sena e
committee of which Mr. Beveridgo is airman
Pla? aLJ3 A1on, Aldrich! HaTe,
Piatt, Cullom, Lodge, Hanna and Beveridgo are op
posed to the omnibus bill, but that they are wHi
ng that Ok ahoma should be admitted. It is be
lieved that n spite of tho agreement on tho part
of the delegates from these territories the
result will be the admission of Oklahoma and the
Ne M at thlS time f the ClaImS 0f Arizona and
THE SENATE COMMITTEE ON TERRITORIES
has reported a substitute for the house
omnibus statehood bill. This substitute provides
for the admission of one new state comprising the
territory of Oklahoma and including Indian ter
ritory, the new state to take the name of Okla
homa. The bill makes no reference to New Mex
ico or Arizona and is intended as a substitute for
the omnibus bill which was designed to admit
the three territories by one measure. It seems to
bo taken for granted that this bill will pass and
that the influences adverse to Arizona and New
Mexico will see to it that the ambition of those
territories is not realized.
THIS REPUBLICAN PLATFORM OF 1896 HELD
out the hope that the territories would be
admitted; and no one could obtain from that plat
form the inference that any discrimination would
be shown. Indeed, the opposition to the admis
sion of Arizona and New Mexico does not seem to
-b& entirely popular among the- rank, and file of
republicans. The Chicago Record-Herald, a re
publican paper, while admitting that Oklahoma
has the best claim of the three territories doubts
whether it is worth while to draw distinctions at
the present time. The Record-Herald says: 'The
fact is that the republicans are estopped by their
own record from debating the matter, as if there
were nothing to consider but the relative merits
of tho applicants. The standard of comparison
is a historical one; which they have helped to
establish, and, judged by it, all three are entitled
to admission."
ACCORDING TO THIS REPUBLICAN Au
thority "argumentative refinements of the
character of the population will doceive no one
since republicans are not in a position to moral
ize." Referring" to the republicans the Record
Herald says: "They took in Nevada and Idaho
and Wyoming because they wanted their votes in
house and senate, and for no other reason. It
was a clear case of opportunism, and that is the
policy which actuates them now. They are sim
ply availng themselves of the chance to keep out
two territories because the latter might strength
en their opponents. '
OKLAHOMA HAS ALREADY A LARGER
population than many of the states and it
will come in with tho largest population ever
credited to a new state, having something In ex
cess of 400,000, Is a fact pointed out by this re
publican paper.. New Mexico had 195,000-at the
last census; Arizona, 123,000. Nevada, which was
admitted in 1864, had only 42,491 in 1870 and 42,
335 in 1900. Idaho and Wyoming, which were
admitted in 1890, liad 84,385and 60,705, Respective
ly, at that time, and "have 161,772 and 92,531 now.
Both these states had an average of less than
one person to the square mile when they were
admitted; all tho territories seeking admission
have a larger average.
THE IMPRESSION THAT THE ANTAGONISM
to Arizona ,and New Mexico is purely po
litical Is conveyed by the Record-Herald and it
says". that the republican leaders would be "more
worthy of trust if they would confess the truth,
.but oven so they would not deserve support." In
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