The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, July 04, 1902, Page 12, Image 12

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The Commoner.
Vol a, N. 24.
$500,000 and tho Charleston oxposltton
$150,000, with tho understanding thut
theso appropriations wore not to bo
consldorcd as a precedent,
An amondmont was also agreed to
authorizing tho secretary of tho treas
ury to pay tho oxponses Incurred on
acount of tho last Illness and death
of Prosldont McKInlcy, including com
pensation of physicians, $45,000, pro
vided that only such oxponses bo paid
as uro just and reasonable, no govern
ment employes to bo paid any sum for
porsonal or professional services.
A dispatch from Washington undor
date of Juno 20 says: Tho rocord of
court-martial proceedings in tho caB'j
of Major I. W. T. Wallor or tho ma
rlno corps, who was acquitted of tho
charge of illegally killing Filipino
prisoners, was recolved at tho war de
partment today. It will bo considered
by Secretary Root In connection with
tho roview of tho testimony and find
ings of tho court-martial in tho case of
Brigadier General J. H. Smith. Tho
charges upon which both the officers
named wero tried arose out of tho
same transactions In tho conduct of
tho Samar campaign.
Tho Waller caso was closed with the
approval of tho action of tho court
martial which acquitted him, but trie
Smith caso was subject to tho action
of tho prosldont. Judge Advocate
Davis is now proparlng tho caso for
his action. It is generally understood
that the court found tho charges
against Genoral Smith wero not sus
tained and ncauittcd him.
Owing to the promlnonco of tho
caso and tho attention it has recolved
in congress in tho debate on tho Phil
ippine bill tho action of tho president
in the matter is awaitod with moro
than ordinary interest. Tho impros
&Ion provails that ho will improve tho
opportunity to express his ideas on
the subject of tho conduct of military
affairs in tho Philippines.
Admiral Dewey made a statement
boforo tho sonato committee on the
Philippines on Juno 20 concerning tho
early operations at Manila when he
was in command of tho American
naval forces in thoso waters. Ho de
clared that tho city of Manila has
boon surrendered to him at tho tlmo
that tho Spanish fleet was sunk, and
that whon tho city did surrender Ifwaa
in pursuanco of a doflnito understand
ing between himself and tho Spanish
governor gonoral. Ho referred to
Agulnaldo's military operations and
doclared omphatically that ho never
had recognized Agulnaldo's govern
ment, nor had ho over given tho Phil
ippine republic tho slightest recog
nition. In 2003.
Tho shado of General Weyler was
wandering along tho banks of tho
Styx just as tho sun wont down.
"Hi, thoro, General Weyler," said a
volco. "Wait for me a moment"
"Who are you and what do you
want?" queried tho shado of tho gon
oral who established tho reconcon
trado camps in Cuba.
"I am one of your kind," said the
voice "I used to bo in command in
Samar, one of tho Philippine islands,
and I"
The shade of Weyler faded away in
disgust, remarking as it faded:
"Excuse mo, please, I'm not down
to your level, and ovon hero ono is al
lowed to select one's company."
And tho wavelets of tho Styx lapped
tho rocky banks and moaned and
moaned and moaned.
Do you wish to take another paper
or magazino with THE COMMONER?
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scription price given in this list pay3
A Baseless Counter-Charge.
Tho charge made by some of tho re
publican senators and by some of the
republican papers that the democrats
by denouncing tho atrocities in the
Philippines aro attacking tho Ameri
can army, is an absurd charge. A
great pretense of patriotism is jnada
by "speaking of tho democrats In con
nection with the army as firing on
tho rear, just as a great protense of
patriotism was made by the parrot
like reiteration of the word "Scuttle"
in referonco to the anti-imporialistlo
policy of the democrats.
Tho imperialist ship must bo scuttled
because it is a pirate ship. The army
must bo fired on from the rear, or
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atrocities which are a disgrace not
only to tho array itself, but also to the
American nation.
Tho democratic attack, however, is
not an attack upon the army. Tho
army obeys orders. The democrats
yield to no one In admiration for the
achievements of our army in tho past.
Bar tho atrocities, which a part of tho
army has committed undor orders, the
fighting of our soldiers in tho Philip
pines has been brave fighting, although
m a -bad cause. Tho army is not to
blamo for the badness of tho cause, nor
for tho orders to torture, to "kill and
burn," and to turn the land into a
howling wilderness. Tho democrats
are not blaming tho private soldier,
who, no doubt, is teriipted to mutiny or
desert at the dirty work he has been
commanded to do. Tho democratic at
tack is directed against those persons
who gave tho orders and who are re
sponsible for tho cruelties, whether
they be the officers in tho islands or
tho officials, of however high a degree,
at Washington. The investigating
committee of tho senate is endeavor
ing to find out who is to blamo.
The administration by its own ac
tions has put itself under suspicion.
While courts martial of guilty officers
have been ordered (is not this an at
tack on tho army and firing on the
rear?), the denial of tho atrocities by
tho secretary of war whon ho know
them to exist, his suppression of the
reports from tho American governors
of Tayabas and Batangas aro ugly
circumstances against him. Further,
tho assumption of tho responsibility
for tho retaliatory measures of the
army recently made by tho secretary of
j war is very much of a piece with Gen
eral Smith's confession of his own
guilt and tho issuance of tho "kill
and burn" order wherewith ho wa
charged. Whilo Secretary Root is not
willing to indorse General Smith's
atrocities, ho does indorse General
Boll's, which are nearly as bad. Gen
eral Smith was tried by the court
martial after ho had mado his con
fession. Tho secretary of war, how
fivfir a oh trial before a coifrt-mar-
tial composed of the whole American
people. The evidence is not all in,
but we have enough of it, together
with his own assumption of responsi
bility for tho retaliatory measures, to
point vory strongly to the probability,
which is almost certainty, of a finding
of guilty. There is a higher official
still with whom the investigation i3
concerned. If tho secretary of war .s
guilty, is the president innocent? The
president is tho commander-in-chief
of tho army. Tho secretary of war is
only his assistant. Tho president has
retained tho secretary of war after hid
suppression of tho atrocity reports
was mado known. Has not the presi
dent known what the secretary of war
and the army have been doing? If
not, was it not his duty to know?
Houston Post.
Mr. M'Carren's Mistake.
Senator Patrick H. McCarren, speak
ing at the opening of state democratic
headquarters at Albany on Monday,
took occasion to say:
"We read a good deal in the newspa
pers as to the position of William J.
Bryan. If there over was a man in
tho United States that owed absolute
loyalty to tho democratic party and
its candidates, that man is Mr. Bryan.
If it is true, as reported in the papers,
that he will not support this or that
man for office because of this or that
reason, it is about time he was told to
go away back and sit down. He has no
right to do anything else than to ad
vise every democrat to support the
party platform and to vote for tho
party candidates."
Such an attack on the part of Sena
tor McCarren, or any other membor
of the New York democracy, is not
only uncalled for, but absolutely un
just and brutal, and cannot but have
an influence directly opposed to that
which is desired by those who really
wish to promote harmony in. the par
ty ranks. It is but fair to say that
those whom Mr. McCarren desired to
please by his insinuating invective can
have no sympathy with the sentiments
expressed nor can they imagine for n
moment that such expression can con
duce to anything but dissension, In
stead of harmony.
Neither Mr. Bryan nor his most loy
al friends have ever had any quarrel
with those men who, known as gold
democrats, have never concealed their
sentiments or sought to create the im
pression that they were other than
what they appeared. It is the middle-of-the-road
democrats, those who,
while pretending to uphold the plat
forms of 1896 and 1900, have really
lost no opportunity fo play into the
hands of tho republicans and to sec
retly knife the democratic party upon
any and every occasion, who have dis
pleased the six and a half millions of
democratic voters who evinced their
allegiance to those platforms at the
last presidential olection. One can
respect a candid avowal of difference
of opinion; but treachery and stealth
command neither respect nor confi
dence. The sooner these "middle-of-the
road democrats" awake to a real
ization of the fact that, no matter in
J which part of the state they may be,
no matter how powerful they deem
themselves, their true character an 3
real motives are known the sooner
they realize that they are deceiving no
ono but themselves, the better it will
be for all concerned. Mr. McCarrou'p
attack on Mr. Bryan was not only an
insult to tho latter, but an insult to ev
ory ono of the 000,000 voters in this
state who cast tho ballots for Mr.
I Bryan two years ago.
In a dainty little booklet, 35 out of some 3000
bright boys tell in their own way just bow they
nave mauc a. success vi selling
Pictures of the boys
letters telling how they
built up a paying busi
ness outside of school
hours. Interesting
stories of real business
We will furnish yon with
Ten Copie3 the first week Free
of Charge, to be sold at Five
Cents a Copy; yqu can then
send us the wholesale price for
as many as you find you can
sell the next week. If you want
to try it, address
Boys' Department
The Curtis Publishing: Company, Philadelphia
Mr. Bryan owes loyalty to the dem
ocratic party; yes. But he owes no
loyalty to those who, for years past,
have been doing their utmost to dis
rupt that party; he owes no loyalty to
those who, under the guise of pretend
ed democracy, have sought to incul
cate republican principles wherever
and whenever possible; he owes no
loyalty to those who have blown hot
and cold as their personal interests
seemed to command. Mr. Bryan owes
his loyalty to those six and a half mil
lions of democrats who voted for him
as the presidential candidate of tho
democratic party in 1900; and, so tar
as The Times is informed, Mr. Bryan,
has no intention of repudiating that
claim or dishonoring that loyalty.
In what manner, we ask, is Mr.
Bryan interfering in the affairs of tho
democratic party of New York? Upoa
what information or assumption has
Senator McCarren based his attack
upon this man, whose steadfastness of
character, whose nobility of mind, has
been proven over and over again, and
whose personal following today is nu
merically greater than that of anv
other democrat who was ever honored
with a presidential nomination?
As to Mr. Bryan's intents and pur
poses, we may not speak with author
ity, save that which comes from au
intimate knowledge of the man's loyal
characteristics: even thouch he should
repudiate the action of the convention
and refuse to abide by its dictum, ho
would, in accordance with the theory
of those who did that very thing 3ix
years ago, and again two years ago,
thereby simply proclaim himself a
bigger man than the convention, and a
greater democrat' than any other; but
it is fair to assume that Mr. Bryan in
tends to do in 1904 as he has done in
the past to lend the support of his in
fluence and personality to the can
didate of the democratic party, and so -retain
the reputation which he has
fairly achieved a reputation for stead
fast honesty of purpose, devotion to
democratic principles, and integrity of
action. Tho leaders of democracy, in
state and in nation, may do far worso
than to pattern their conduct after
that of the Hon. William Jennings
Bryan. Buffalo (N. Y.) Times.
Topeka (Kas.) Farmers' Advocate:
The Boer war just closed will teach all
nations to not be so ready to go to
war with a weaker antagonist, espe
cially when that weaker country is
fighting to support the principles of
freedom. Through all the ages will
the Boer spectacle bo pointed out as a
fearful example of what should and
docs come to the oppressor.
Red Wing (Minn.) Argus: This ad
ministration is not like the Swede in
tho story who thought it was a joke
when he was slugged for a Norwegian.
The administration, every time it gets
a belt in the solar plexus raises tho
cry, "What do you mean by attack
ing the army?" -