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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (July 4, 1902)
Vol. a, No. 24.
THE NEWS OF THE WEEK.
According to tho roports from Lon
don King Edward continues to im
prove and great hopo is ontortained o
his speody recovery.
Disastrous forest fires have been
raging in tho state of Washington,,
causing tho destruction of many lum
ber campB and much valuablo timber.
Tho Colombian govornmont troops
h-vo captured tho town of Agua Dulco
without trouble. This town was one
of tho strongholds of tho revolutionary
It is roported that a special session
of tho Ohio logislaturo will bo called
to mako good laws in tho place of
several which tho supremo court of
tho state has declared invalid.
Congressmen W. L. Stark and A. C.
Shallonborgor wore both ronomJnateu
for congress from Nebraska on Jun-J
23. Mr. Stark ropresonts tho Fourth
district and Mr. Shallonborgor tho
A dispatch from Manila announces
tho ravages of cholera in tho Philip
pines. Up to Juno 22 ninety American
soldiers have died of tho disease and
it is making great neadway among
A cablegram from London under
date of Juno 22 says tnat a report from
Shanghai, China, gavo notico of a ter
rific explosion wrecking a Chinese war
ship in tho Yang Tso river, and caus
ing tho death of all but two of tho 150
officers and men on board.
On Juno 21, 525 employes of tho Un
ion Pacific railroad shops were dis
charged as tho result of the boilermak
ors' strike. This includes 225 at Oma
ha, 200 at Cheyenne, and 100 at Arm
strong, Kan. Later advices increase
the number of those discharged at
Choyonno to 550 men.
Great constornation was occasioned
in London and throughout tho clvil
izod world by the nows of tho severe
illness of King Edward of England
on tho vorv ovo of his coronation. Ilia
condition is being watched with great
anxiety and tho coronation festlvmey
have beon indefinitely postponed.
A dispatch from the island of St.
Helena, undor dato of Juno 27, an
nounce that tho first consignment of
Boor prisoners that has been confined
thoro for many months sailed for
South Africa on June 26. The con
signment numbers 478 men, and all
took tho oath of allogianco to Great
Several American steel foundries
have united in a trust under a New
Jorsoy charter with $40,000,000 stock.
Tho control of the companies is to
bo taken over July 15. It is stated
that no corporation fees wore ex
pocted, and that announcement of the
election, of ofllcors and directors of
the corporation would be made shortly.
Tho national mino workers are fur
nishing supplies to their comrades in
West Virginia. Three carloads of food
are being sent, daily from Cincinnati,
but it is feared that tho court may
enjoin them from this work, as the
injunction issued somo days ago by
Judge Jackson at Parkorsburg, W. Va.,
is tho most swqoping they have encountered.
Lord Milnor, who was British high
commissioner in South Africa, took
tho oath as governor of tho Transvaal
at Pretoria on Juno 22. Tho same cere
mony was performed at Bloemfonteln,
Orango River Colony, on Juno 24.
Tho constitution of tho colony was
promulgated in the presence of mili
tary and civil officers. General Da
Wet and other prominent Boers WQre
A dispatch from Washington, under
date of Juno 25, says: Walter S. Cox,
formerly associate justice of tho su
premo court of tho District of -Columbia,
and one of tho most distin
guished jurists In this section, died
horo today. Ho was 7G years old. He
presldod over many famous criminal
cases, tho most notable of which was
lho trial of Gultcau for tho assassi
nation of President Garfield.
A cablegram from St. Petersburg,
under dato of June 26, says: It is said
tho Russian troops have already been
withdrawn from Moukdefl, Manchuria,
that Kerin will bo ovacuated by 1U0J,
and that the Shan Hal Kwan railroad
will bo restored to its owners by Oc
tober. Tho Manchurlan railroad
guards will number thirty tnousand
President John Mitchell of tho
unitod mino workers of America is
sued an address on June 22 to the pub
lic. It is partly a reply to tho letters
of tho oporators declining to accede
to the demands of tho union which
woro published about ton days ago.
Briefly summarized, tho address says
that every possible means was resorted
to in tho effort to prevent tho strike,
claims that tho cost of living has in
creased to the point where tho miner
was compelled to ask for higher
wages; denies tho allegations of the
oporators that tho productive capacity
of tho mine workers has fallen off, but
on the other hand has Increased;
quotes official figures to substantiate
tho contention that tho employers can
pay higher wages without increasing
tho cost of coal to the consumer; as
serts that the coal carrying railroads,
which control about 85 per cent of the
mines, absorb the profits of the coal
companies by charging exorbitant
freight rates, claiming that a ton at
tho mines means anywhere from 2,740
to 8,190 pounds instead of 2,240, and
says that more men are killed and
injured in tho anthracite mines of
Pennsylvania annually than were
killed or wounded during the Spanish-American
war. Tho address also
says that in tho event tho union Is
crushed which it adds is not likely, a
now organization would rise from Its
ruins. It concludes with another ap
peal for arbitration of all questions in
THE WEEK AT WASHINGTON.
A caucus of the democratic members
of tho house met in Washington 011
Juno 27 and unanimously adopted res
olutions condemning the republican
majority for not passing a measure
providing for reciprocity with Cuba,
uomanuing tnat tariffs be so reduced
as to injure tho trust system; and
making tho trust question an issue In
the coming campaign.
The cabinet has decided that all
political prisoners in the Philippines,
Including Aguinaldo, will be given
their liberty on the Fourth of July.
This amnesty will bo declared whea
tho Philippine bill shall have passed.
All hope of passing any reciprocity
measure with Cuba was abandoned in
tho senate and it will be passed over
until tho next session of congress.
Tho disposition is to go to the country
and try to "strengthen the cause."
Major General Lloyd Wheaton has
returned from tho Philippines where
ho has been in active service since
January, 1899. Ho would not talk on.
tho charge of cruelty made against
American soldiers there, but made this
statement as showing what American
"The devastations of war have cost
many lives and tho loss among tho na
tives has, no doubt, been very largo,
but when one takes into consideration
the hundreds of thousands of lives
that have been saved by reason of the
sanitary precautions of the American
army and the civil, commission that
loss by war seems infinitesimal.
"Smallpox became epidemic soon af
ter the Americans took Manila and
would have caused frightful mortality
among tho natives as well as among
the streets but for tho regulations
and precautions of the medical au
thorities of our army. Compulsory
vaccination was held in every city,
province and town throughout the
country. In that way we saved thou
sands of lives. In General Bell's de
partment 300,000 woro vaccinated..
Later when tho bubonic plague seemed ,
bound to obtain a foothold in tho
Philippines tho army stamped it oiit
by determined action. At present
cholera is raging and I -believe the
health officers have tho disease well
under control. These dangers have
beon met and overcome by Ameri
cans." The debate on tho Philippine gov
ernment bill in tho house on June 23
was characterized by comparisons of
the cruelties charged to have beon
practiced in those islands with those
which occurred during the civil war.
Mr. Grosvonor of Ohio revived tha
memories of the extremeties to which
Grant and Jackson were put during
the rebellion. Mr. Mahon of Pennsyl
vania also made a speech in which al
lusion was made to Andersonville and
Libby prison. The other speakers
woro Mr. DeArmond of Missouri, Mr.
Olmstead of Pennsylvania, Wiliams of
Illinois, Corliss of Michigan, and W.
W. Kitchin of North Carolina.
Mr. Grosvenor of Ohio, under the
latitude allowed in general debate,
discussed at length the criticism of the
rules of the house recently made by
Mr. Cushman of Washington and oth
ers. His speech was a defense of the
rulings of the presiding officers of the
house, particularly of Speaker Hen
derson. In conclusion Mr. Grosvenor
spoke in defense of the army in the
Philippines, declaring that' the coun
terpart of all the reported cruelties
there could bo found on both sldea
during the. civil war.
On June 23 a motion was formally
made by Mr. Quay of Pennsylvania to
discharge tho committee on territories
from further consideration of the bill
to admit to statehood the territories
of Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Ari
zona. On Juno 25 the senate agreed
to make this bill the unfinished busi
ness for the 10th day of the next ses
sion of congress.
Tho state department received a
cablegram from United States min
ister Bowen at Caracas on Juno 24.
No official news as to the contents of
the message has been given out, but
it is understood that a critical state
of affairs reigns in Venezuela. It is
rumored that Venezuela has adjusted
her relations with Colombia so as to
allow of the withdrawal of the gov
ernment forces of 8,000 men from the
Colombian border and these men will
be rushed to the relief of President
Castro at Caracas.
An important decision as regards th
status of Filipinos desiring to become
citizens of the United States was re
cently issued. An Associated pres3
dispatch follows: What amounts to
an official pronouncement of tho ad
ministration on the question of citi
zenship in the Philippines, pending
further legislation, was filed in the su
preme court of the District of Co
lumbia today. It is in the form of an
answer to the rule of the court to
show cause why a mandamus should
not Issue requiring John R. Young,
clerk of tho court, to allow Antonio
M. Opisso Y de Y Casa, recently an in
habitant of the Philippines, to declare
his citizenship intentions before Mr.
Young, as clerk, as petitioned by the
Filipino. Tho answer prepared by
United States District Attorney Gould
and approved by Attorney General
Knox, points out that congress has
not yet determined tho civil rights and
political status of the Philippines in
habitants; that the petitioner Is not
included in any class of persons au
thorized by law to declare their In
tentions to become citizens of th
United States, and that tho defendant
A new cure for
of which any suffer
ing Reader can
A Box Free!
On tho theory "that Booing is believing," John A.
Smith of Mlhvnukco wants evoryono to try hU remedy
for tho euro of rhoumatlsm at his oxponso. For that
reason bo proposes to dlstrlbuto 25,000 frco boxes
among nil persons sending hlmtholr address. 'Mr.
Smith had suffered all tho agony and torturo from
rheumatism, tried all tho remedies known and yet
utterly f&llcd to find relief.
At times ho was so helpless that ho had to take mor
pulno and aftor considerable doctoring ho gavo up In
despair. IIo began studying Into tho causes of rheu
matism and aftor much experimenting, Anally hit
upon a combination of drugs which completely cured
him. lho result was so beneficial to his cntlro system
that ho called his now found remedy "Gloria Tonic."
Tlioso of his friends, relatives and neighbors suffering
from rheumatism woro next cured and Mr. Smith con
eluded to offer his remedy to tho world. But ho found
tho task a difficult ono as noarly ovorybody had tried
a hundred or moro remedies and thoy couldnt bo
mado to bellovo that thoro was cuch a thing as a euro
for rheumatism. Eut an old genUemnn from Seguln,
Tcxas wrrtto him saying If Mj. Smith would sond him
a snmplo ho would try It, but as ho had suffered forty
ono years' and wasted a fortuno with doctors and-advertised
remedies, ho wouldn't buy anything moro,
until ho know It was worth something. Tho samplo
was sent, ho purchased moro and tho result was as
tonlEhlng. IIo was completely cured. Ibis gavo Mr.
Smith a now idea and ovor Blrico that tlmo ho has been
sending out frco samplo boxes to all who apply. Jn
Frossor, Nob., it cured a lady of 67 who had suffered
52 years. In Fountain City, Wis., It cured lion. Jacob
Soxauor, a gentleman ono, who suffered for 33 'years.
In Forrysburg, Ohio, It cured a gentleman 70 years
old. In Iloron Lako, Minn., It cured Mrs. John Gehr,
who had Buffored for 30 years. Itov. 0. Sund of Unr
rlsvlllo, Wis., tested this remarkable euro on two mem
bers of his congregation, ono who had sufforod 15 and
tho other 25 yoars,,both wero completely cured. la
St. Louis, Mo.. It cured Mr. F. Faorbor of tho Con
cordia Publ., IIouso. In Yandalla, Ills, It cured Mrs.
Mary E. Saylcs, 78 years of ago, who was bo crippled
that 8ho could not dress herself. In Bennington, 't..
It cured an old man whom tho best physicians of
Worms and Frankfurt, Gormany called Incurable.
'Jills old gentleman had walked for 20 years on crutches,
both legs having beon ramo. Ho can now walk llko n
young man. Even prominent physicians bad to ad
mit that "Gloria Tonic" is a posltlvo success, among
them Br. Qulntoro of tho University of Venezuela, to
whom it was recommended by the United States Con
sul. In thousands of othor instances tho result
has boen tho same. It cured many cases which
defied Hospitals, Brugs, Electricity and Medical Skill,
among them porsons ovor 75 years old.
Mx. Smith will send a trial box also his Illustrated
book on rhoumatlsm absolutely freo of charge to any
reader of the Commoner for ho Is anxious that ovory
body should prollt by his good fortuno. it Is a ro
markablo remedy and thoro Is no doubt but that It
will euro any case of rhoumatlsm, no matter how so
voro It may bo. Mr. Smith's address in full Is:
4463 Gormanla BIdg:., Milwaukee, Wl
Voung is without any authority to re
ceive such declaration.
The answer-also says it Is assumed
that the petitioner intended to re
nounce his allegiance to Spriin and
adopt tho nationality of the territory
of the Philippines, Inasmuch as io
does not allege that he took the steps
required by article 9, of the treaty
with Spain, providing that a declara
tion of decision to preserve allogianco
to Spain should be made ber-ore a
court of record by April 11, 1900.
-On June 24 the senate passed bills
creating a national forest reserve ia
the southern Appalachian mountains
f.nd ratifying the agreement between
the United States and the Choctaw aid
Chickasaw Indians of the Indian terri
tory. The first bill provides for tho
purchase of 4,000,000 acres in the
southern Appalachian system at a cost
not to exceed $10,000. Tho secretary
of agriculture is to designate tho lands
to bo purchased and-is to take meas
ures to preserve the hardwood forests
which they bear.
On Juno 24 tho Philippine govern-
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