The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, December 27, 1901, Page 9, Image 9

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    The Commoner.
9
Vaccinating Bugs.
Tho aclonco of mediclno has readied wonder
ful perfection. The mlcrobo theory in .certain
diseases has boon proventruo beyond doubt. -The
inoculation of chintz1 bugs -with tho microbes of
contagious diseases, in order thatopldcinicsmay
spread amdng tho littlo posts., is a practical
method now in Use. Dr. D. M. lJyo, the ominont
Bpcolnlist for cancer, of Indianapolis, Ind., says
that (Joking with medicines, cutting with knives
pr turning with plasters to euro cancer is no
longer to bo recognizod, but that ho has discov
ered a combination oi soothing balmy oils which
kill tho cancor microbos and euro tho most ma
lignant cases. Those who read this will confer
a groat favor- by cutting itout and sending it to
a friend who is afflictod. Book sent froe, giving
Earticulars and nrlcos of oils. Address Dr. D.
. Btk Co., Lock Boa; 325 Indianapolis, Ind.
Insular Decisions.
.The United States supreme court
lids recently delivered two opinions re
lating to our insular possessions.
One of these cases waff known as the
"fourteen diamond rings case" and
involved tho right of the federal au
thority to collect tariff duties on goods,
coming from the Philippines to the
United. States, under the Dingley law.
The other case involved the right of
congress to levy a tax on goods going
from the- United States into Porto
Rico.
Tn the first caso, the court held that
tai'ITf. duties on goods coming from the
Philippines, were unconstitutional he
cause the Philippines were not foreign
territory, but became United States
territory when the treaty of Paris was
ratified.
In the second cage the court held
that the levy ' f a tax upon goods go
ing from the United States to Porto
Rico was constitutional. In this ca3.-j
was involved, practically, the question
00 the right of congress to impose an
export tax. The constitution forbids
an export tax, but the court holds
that inasmuch as Porto Rico Is not
foreign territory, the goods shipped to
Porto Rico from the United States are
not exports.
'In the first case relating to. the Phil
ippines, Chief Justice Fuller delivered
th'eu 'opinio. Joined' 'with the Chief
Justice' ln this, opinion wero Justices
Harlan, Peckham, Brewer and Brown.
Justices White, Gray, Shiras and Mc
Kenna dissented.
In tho second case, the export tax
case, Justice Brown delivered the opin
ion and his conclusions were agreed
to by Justices Gray, Shiras, White and
McKenna, while the chief justice, to
gether with Justices Harlan, Peckham
and Brewer, dissented.
In order that the reader may under
stand all these Insular decisions, it
may be well to give a very brief outline
of the decisions in the order in which
they were delivered.
In May, 1901, the' first opinion de
livered by the court related to the
right of the federal authorities to col
lect tariff duties in Porto Rico under
the Dingley law. The chief justice, to
gether With Justices Harlan, Peckham,
B'rewer and Brown, delivered the opin
ion of the court to the effect that such
duties' were invalid because Porto
Rico was not foreign territory, and
that tho filngley law, which was en
acted for the purpose of levying tariff
duties against goods from foreign
countries, was not in force In Porto
Rico.
Tho second case, decided in May,
1901, involved the constitutionality of
the Foraker act, a law passed by con
gress levying certain tariff duties oq
goods coming from Porto Rico to the
United States. Justices Brown, Gray,
Shiras, White and McKenna in this
case reached the conclusion that Porto
Rico was "appurtenant territory" and
not an integral part of the United
States, and that congress could there
fore levy such tariff duties as it saw
fit.
It would only be confusing to the
reader to refer specifically to the var
ious special opinions which several of
the justices filed in these cases. The
' fact remains that so far as conclusions
were concerned in the first case Chief
Justice "Fuller together with Justices
Harlan, Brown, Peckham and Brewer
comprised the majority, Justices Gray,
Shiras, White and McKenna practical-
i lira
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ly dissenting. In the second caso Jus
tice Brown joined Justices Gray,
Shiras, White and McKenna practical
ly dissenting. In tho second case Jus
tico Brown joined Justices Gray,
Shiras, White and McKenna in mak
ing up the majority and reaching tho
court's conclusion, while Chief Justlco
Fuller, together with Justices Harlan,
Peckham and Brewer, dissented in
this second case.
Now, in the Philippines caso de
cided on December 1, Justice Brown
Joined tho chief justice, togethor with
Justices Harlan, Peckham and Brewer,
in making tho majority opinion. This
caso may bo said to be similar to that
of tho first case decided with relation
to Porto Rico. The question of tho
right to collect tariff duties prescribed
by the Dingley law on goods coming
from the Philippines was involved,
and the court held, as in the Porto
Rico case, that because tho Philip
pines are not foreign territory, the
Dingley tariff duties will not apply.
It is fair to infer that If congress
should pass a tariff law relating to tho
Philippines, providing for the collec
tion of tariff duties as tho Foraker
act applied to Porto Rico, Justice
Brown would join Justices Shiras,
White, McKenna and Gray in uphold
ing the validity of such a law.
In the second caso, docided on De
cember 1, Justices Brown Gray,
Shiras, WThJte and McKenna formed a
majority of the court and sustained
the levy of a tax on goods sent from
the United States to Porto Rico, while
tho chief justice, together with Jus
tices Harlan, Peckham and Brewer
dissented.
It is worthy of notq that Justlco
Brown has completed the majority In
each of these various decisions. So
far as conclusions are concerned, there
is nothing seriously inconsistent in
tho action of any of the justices with
relation to these last two decisions and
the position taken by these justices
in the Porto rRico cases.
Perhaps the most important feature
cf the decisions of December 1 is that
relating to an export tax. Reference
to this decision is made in anothc:
column.
Philippine Tariff Bill.
Washington, D. C., Dec. 18. Tua
Philippine tariff bill, under considera
tion in the house today, provides:
1. That ' the "act to revise and
amend the tariff laws of the Philip
pine archipelago," enacted by the
United States Philippine commission,
shall remain in effect.
2. That there shall be levied on all
articles coming Into the United States
from the Philippines rates of duty
levied upon like articles imported
from foreign countries.
3. That the same tonnage taxes
shall be levied upon all vessels coming
into the United States from the Phil
ippines which are required by law 7.0
be levied upon vessels coming into
the United States from foreign coun
tries, provided that until otherwise
provided by law, the provisions of law
restricting to vessels of the United
States the transportation of passen
gers and merchandise directly or in
directly from one port of the United
States to another port of the UniteJ
States shall not be applicable to for
eign.' vessels engaging in trade be
tween the Philippines and the United
States.
4. That duties collected in the Phil
ippines, less the cost of collecting the
same, and the gross amount of all
collections of duties and taxes in the
United States upon articles coming
from the Philippines and upon vessels
coming therefrom shall be held as 0
separate fund and paid into the treas
ury of the Philippine islands, to he
used and expended (or the improve
ment and benefit of said islands.
5. That when duties prescribed by
this act are based uppn the weight of
merchandise deposited" in any public
or ptivate bonded Warehouse such
duties shall be levied upon the weight
STOPS THE COUdH ;
- And Works off the Cold. ;
Laxative Uromo Quinine Tablets cure a rold!
m one day. No Cure, No Pay. Price 25 cents.;
of such merchandise at the time tff
its entry.
6. That all articles manufactured
in bonded manufacturing warehouses
in whole or in part of imported ma
terials, or of materials subject to in
ternal revenue tax and intended for
shipment from tho United States to the
Philippines shall, when so shipped., bo
exempt from internal revenuo tax.
7. That all articles' subject tb In
ternal revenuo tax, or on which tho
internal revenue tax has been paid, tr
which may, under existing laws aud
regulations, bo exported to a foreign
country without tho payment of such
tax, or with benefit or drawback as the
caso may be, may also bo shipped to
tho Philippines with like privilege.
8. That where imported articles on
which duties have been paid aro uscJ
in the manufacture of articles manu
factured or produced In -the United
States there shall bo allowed on tho
shipment of said articles to tho PuiT
ipplngs, a drawback, equal in amount
to the duties paid on materials used,
less 1 per cent of such duties.
Rather Late In Protesting.
Must we lose tho dollar of tlw
daddies? It IooIcb like it. Hero is the
director of the mint telling us that it
ought to be abolished. Probably ho in
right. But somehow it seems as if v3
could hardly spare those good, old,
cart-wheels. Used very little in thj
east, the silver dollar is very common
in the west and there is a sort of Sen
timontal attachment to it. Som6how
a man feels richer fingering a pocket
ful of jingling dollars than fumbling a
little wad of 'green paper.1 Minneap
olis Journal.
The Dinner Pail
Of the American working man is xen
c rally well filleu. In some cases it is
too well filled. It contains too tuniiy
kinds of food, and very often the food is
of the wrong kind- liaid to digcat aud
L-uuiuiiiiug tunc nutri
tion. Ah a con se
quence many n work
ing man develops some
form of. stomach
trouble which inter
feres with his health
aud reduces his work
ing capacity.
Where there
is indigestion or
any other indi
cation of dis
ease of thestom-
ach and its
allied organs of
digestion and nu
trition, the use of
Dr. Pierce's Golden
Medical Discovery
will almost iuvarj
ablyproduce a per
fect aud perman
ent cure.
Mr. Thomas A.
Swarls, of Sub Station
C, Columbus, O.. Wax
ioj, wjitcs: "I was
taken wilh never e
headache, 1 hen cramps
in lite stomach, and
tny food would not digest, then kidney nnd
Hver trouble nnd tny back gotwenk 50 I could
scarcely get mound. Al last I had nil the com
plaint nt once, the more 1 doctored the worse I
got until six years passed. I had licroiue so
poorly I could only walk in the liou.se by the.
Aid of n chair, nnd I got so thin I had zivrn tip
to dif, IliinUfipr that 1 could not he cured. Then
one of my ncighlors said. 'Take my advice and
lake Dr, Tierce's Culdcii Medical Discovery nnd
make 11 new man out of yourself.' The first
bottle helped me so I thought I would get
another, uird after I had taken eight Ijottles in
fllxDiit six weeks. I was weighed. and found I
had gained lweuty-scvcii (27) pounds. I am as
tout and healthy to day, I think, as I ever was."
Frkij. J)r Pierce's Common Sense
Medical Adviser, paper covers, is sent free
on receipt of 21 one-cent stamps to pay
expense of mailing only. Addtcss Dc.
R V Tierce, Hnliulo, N Y.
fc?f
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