The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, December 27, 1901, Page 10, Image 10

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    The Commoner.
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!v Weekly News Summary
Xmzaro Weillier and B'aron Lagotel
leiro liavo sailed, for the United States,
bearing a commission from the French
government to study '.lie state and. fed
eral financial methods in tho UnitBd
States They are especially instructed
to.'lnvjestf&dte the tax' system, civil
service,' and those trusts which are
likely to effect French trade in steel,
petroltiiim and sugar. It is also re
ported that they will have" some sug
gestion to malco on the isthmian ca
nal, having yet a lingering hope that
something may he done to save this
Panama canal.
Franco has a purpose to construct
a railway across the desert of Sahara,
and the scheme has obtained impetus
by the discovery of large beds of ni
trate of phosphate beyond the Tonhat
oasis. It is claimed that these beds
aro extensive enough to supply fer
tilizers for the world.
A committee of senators and rep
resentatives, chosen for the purpose
of advancing irrigation measures, -has
effected a compromise between the
Shaffrtth bill and the Newlands bill.
The compromise bill provides that
money received from the sale of pub
lic lands shall constitute a reclama
tion fund for the work of irrigation.
Provision is also made for examina
tion of surveys, for reservoir sites, to
gether with sites for divisions of wa
ter and irrigation canals connected
therewith. The secretary of the in
terior. Is authorized to withdraw for
piiblfc entry all lands required for
irrigation work and all public lands
Contracts for construction are to be
let whenever it is agreed that tho pro
ject in tho certain vicinity is a prac
tical one, but the cost .of the enter
prise must not exceed $10 per acre.
When every project has been com
pleted, lands irrigated shall be sub
ject to homestead entry, upon the
condition of reclamation and the pay
ment, at the 'time of making final
proof of settlement, cf ?5 an acre, the
same to bo converted into a reclama
tion fund. Every entry is limited to
eighty acres. Whenever the stored
waters are found to be more thari suf
ficient for tho public lands, or if it xs
determined that the public lands Is
better suited to the utilization of wa
ter, or if it is sufficient for both, thn
tho x -rpetual water rights may be spld
for private rights, at price not less
than $5 an acre. It is also provided
that ell property may be condemned
for the construction of irrigation
Take Laxativo'Bromo Quinine Tablets, All
drureists refund tho monoy if it fails to cure.
E. w. QroTft's signature is on each box, 25c.
works. This act is not to effect the
laws of any state or territory relating
to' the rights to appropriate the water
or its distribution, but tho state or ter
ritorial laws shall govern or control
the appropriation and distribution of
tho water rendered available by the
The American "Friends" peace con
ference at Philadelphia adopted res
olutions in favor of a permaneiit in
ternational court of arbitration, which
resolution also deplores the fact "that
nations making high professions of
Christian civilization are at present
engaged in war with less civilized and
enlightened people." It is stated that
in the opinion of this conference, that
the time has already come when tho
voice of enlightened humanity should
make itself heard calling for arbitra
tion of matters at issue.
Major Flood-Page of the Marconi
Telegraph company, in an interview
with a representative of the Associated
press, confirms the report that Mr.
Marconi at St. Johns, N. F., had re
ceived signals from the experimental
station at Poldhu Penzanze. Major
Flood-Page said that tTe severe wea
ther made continuous tests difficult.
No doubt the wireless Signals had
been successfully transmitted across
the Atlantic. General congratulations
have been communicated to "Mr. Mat-'
coni. Many electricians, however, say
that many years will elapse before the
wireless system may be put Into prac
tical use.
Although the senate committee held
back the confirmation of the nomina
tion of P. C. Knox to be attorney gen
eral of the United States because of
the protest made by the anti-trust
league, tho nomination was confirmed
December 16.
The Hay-Pauncefote treaty, involv
ing the construction of the Nicaragua
canal, was ratified by the senate De
cember 16. All proposed amendments
were rejected.
Th2 followers of Maso, one of .he
candidates for president of the Cu
ban republic, have requested a post
ponement of the Cuban election,-but
Secretary of War Root has replied de
clining to grant the postponement.
Representative Smith of Michigan
has introduced a bill to make the
birthday of William McKinley, Jan
uary 29, a national holiday.
Secretary Root has sent to congress
estimates of $100,000,000 for barracks
and quarters in the Philippines out
side of Manila.
Nineteen independent distilleries
are planning to make organized war
on tho whisky trust.
A Washington dispatch to the Chi
cago Tribune says: "Mrs. McKinley 's
friends, who were closest to her dur
ing her happy years spent in rhe
White house, and chief among them
the women of the cabinet, have each
sent Christmas tokens to Mrs. Barber,
to be given Id Mrs. McKinley Christ
mas morning. Her solicitude for Sec
retary Cortelyou, Mrs. Cortelyou, and
the ladies of the cabinet, for whom sha
knitted slippers as Christmas presents,
gave them each a strong desire .to add
if possible some bright token to tho
dreary day. Her friends have also
kept every bit of literature in refer
ence to the McKinley memorial, and
this i3 sent to her regularly. One of
her chief pleasures is to have resul
to her this last proof of the nation's'
regard for her husband, and she has it
all stored carefully away and re-read
to her from time to time."
The senate has adopted a resolu
tion proposed by Senator Vest direct
ing the judiciary committee to in
quirj and report to the senate the pow
ers of congress on the question of an
archy. A Chicago Tribune dispatch
describes this resolution as follows:
"This resolution directs the judiciary
committee to ascertain whether or not
congress has the power to legislate for
the punishment of anarchists who at
tempt assassination of the president,
and if it has not the power, whether
It Is expedient to amend the constitu
tion so as to enable congress to leg
islate. The committee is instructed 10
learn whether or not congress has the
power to punish those who teach the'
doctrine that all government should
be destroyed, even if the chief rulers
must be assassinated to do so. It
also directs the committee to learn
whether congress has the power to
send anarchists to some island under
the jurisdiction of the United States;
to find way's and means for punishiug
persons belonging to anarchical as
sociations, and whether such persons
can be Imprisoned for life or deported.
The committee is directed to recom
mend to the senate such amendments
to the conslltution and legislation as
may be necessary to stamp out an
archy." William- Gregory, governor of Rhode
Island, died at his home at Wlckford,
R. I., December 15. He was fifty-two
years old.
The-people at Oregon Intend to hold
an exposition at Portland in 1905, in
commemoration of the Lewis and
Clark expedition. The management
has lss;.:d an address In which it says:
"This expedition was the great factor
in the extension of the dominion of
the United States to the Pacific, for it
confirmed by exploration and by actual
possession tho claim founded on the
discovery of the Columbia river In
May, 1792, eleven years before the
Louisiana purchase was made." The
proposed exposition is to be held un
der the auspices of the states of Ore
gon, Washington, Idaho, Montana
and Utah: Commissioners represent
ing these states hare been appointed,
and congress will be urged to make a
3: :
1 "Life and Times of Richard Parks Bland"
generous appropriation to assist; in
the enterprise. .Urging 'the import
ance of the exposition the, address
says: "We ar.e approaching the com
pletion .'-of the first centennial period
of this Expansion of the United States.
The historical significance shouhl bf
fittingly celebrated. It belongs ttickhQ
class of greatest and most liriportanto'i
movements In our national histbry:"'
It was a beginning of a movement
which has given us a .Pacific 'coast
line longer than the' Atlantic. 1 '.'Aiid 'it
faces us toward the west, over the
Pacific, as hitherto we had'faced.only
toward the east, 'over the Atlantic.' ;It
has given the Pacific northwest' a -position
whence we shall take a! loading
place in the commerce of the Orient,
now on the eve of great development."'
General Nelson A. Miles, speaking
of the results of the Schley court of
inquiry, said in a public interview:
"I am willing to take the judgment
of Admiral Dewey in the matter. He
has been a commander of a fleet, and
as such has known the anxieties and
responsibilities which, rest on men un
der these circumstances. He was in
strumental in the destruction of one
Spanish fleet and knows and realizes
the feelings that encompass an offi
cer under such conditions. I think
Dewey has summed up the matter in
a clear and concise mariner, and I
believe his conclusions will be in
dorsed by tho patriotic people of tho
United States. I have no sympathy
with the efforts which have been made
to destroy the honor of an officer un
der such circumstances."
The United States delegates to the
pan-American congress have notified
the staU department that the congress
was a failure. The disagreement
arose over the question of arbitration,
the United States delegates taking tho
gro-nd that compulsory arbitration,
between nations was absurd. A 'Chi
cago Tribune dispatch saysi ..Boliyia,
Feru, Uruguay, Venezuela, andl. the
Argentine were .determined td ,have
compulsory arbitration: "Tite .weaker
states of Ecuador, Colombia andvChili
wore opposed to the plan;1 because
they believed It would be user sooner
or. later to wipe them off the map.
The delegates of the United States' to
the council refused to take .sides be
cause their instructions were to de
velop the sentiment among the other
nations first, so as to keep the Unitad
States free from the charge of .dicta-'
tlon. The Argentina delegates in
sisted upon knowing the attitude of
this country, and Senor Garcia Merou,
(Continued on Page Eleven.)
For Sale.
A block in Bethany, Nebraska, near
the Christian College, and a block at
.University Place, Nebraska",' near Wes
leyan 'University. Persons desiring to
move to either of these towns for tho
purpose of educating their children
can obtain a bargain by addressing
Geo. E. Waite, No. 324 So. 12th St.,
Lincoln, Neb.
FoMishsd and sold in (lie interests of Mrs: R. P. Bland.
finnii nm s
31'EUAi raiK 1U KfcADiiKS or IBB (MAUNliK J
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: services is one of the most valuable contributions to the political history
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65 DcMcnil Blda...ST. L OUlfi' mo
liviK. WfcKbltiK DAVIS' BOOK.
This work is the outcome of a visit to the
m . . a?
s m i r ' , ., , g . . "ai11 LU tuo -cransvnai, made by Mr.!?
M6 AfeT VI? Th,l 1? F?8. Assistant i Secretary of the Interior, under
Mr. McKmley's first administration, and as a result of which ho broke his
relations with the Republican?
party and affiliated, himself withj
the opposition. The author vo-
homently arraigns the British gov- 2
ornmont for tho Transvaal war. 5
.Tunuior wb reaaor agrees wither
tho author or not, ho will bo inter-g
ested in his presentation of the-g
John Bulls Crime or
Assaults on Republics
Boor side of the case. Milton Raid that frnt.h nrmii r,,,rt- i
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