The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, September 27, 1901, Page 2, Image 2

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and "one-half in which to show tlie American
people his conception of ofticial duty. "Will ho
"bo content to jdevoto hiniBelf unselfishly to tho
public good as ho gees it, or will ho begin to
plan for the capture of the next republican con
vention? Will ho decide all controversies
with" an eye single to tho nation's welfare, or
-will the advancement of his own political for
tune bo uppermost in his mind? When Mr.
Cleveland acoepted tho Democratic nomina
tion in 1884, ho said:
"When an election to office shall be tho selec
tion by the voters of one of their number to as
sume for a time a public trust Instead of his dedi
cation to tho profession of politics; when tho hold
ers of tho ballot, quickened by a sense of duty,
shall avenge truth betrayed and pledges broken,
and when the suffrage shall be altogether free and
uncbiTupted, the full realization of a government
by the people will be at hand. And of the means to
this end, not one would, in ray judgment, be more
effective than an amendment to the constitution
disqualifying the president from re-election.
"When we consider the patronage of this great
office, the allurements of power, tho temptation
t6 retain public office once gained, and, more than
all, the availability a party finds in an incumbent
whom a horde of office-holders, with zeaborn of
benefits received and fostered by the hope of favors
yet to come, stand ready to aid with money and
trained political service, we recognize in the eligi
bility of a president for re-election a most serious
danger to that calm, deliberate and. intelligent
political action which must characterize a govern
ment by the people."
Mr ,OlQveland would have stood better yi
history.and his party would have been benefitted ,
iflie had. if ollowcd his own advice and declined
aQOQnd.to.rnvbu lis, acceptance of a. renomi
,ia tpn 9,ply proved the strength of tlo Influ
ences against which ho .warned Iijb countrymen.
If Mr. Koosevelt desires republican author
ity on this subjeot, ho can find it in tho letter
of acceptance of Mr. Hayes in 1870. Ho said:
"Tho declaration of principles by the Cincin
nati convention makes no announcement in favor
of a single presidential term. I do not assume to
add to that declaration, but believing that the
restoration of the civil service to tho system es
tablished by Washington and followed by the
early presidents can be best accomplished by an
executive officer who is under no temptation to use
the patronage of his office to promote his own re
election, I desire to perform what I regard as a
duty in stating now my inflexible purpose, if
elected, not to be a candidate for election to a sec
ond term."
President HaycB adhered to his determina
' tiori and his party was Btronger in 1880 than it
was in 1870.
, Mr. "Roosevelt will find that there are many
things that "can be best accomplished by an
executive officer who is under no temptation to
use the patronage of his office to promote his
own re-election." If he will announce his de
tcrminati&n not to be a candidate for renomi
riation, he will bo relieved of a great deal of
embarrassment and anxiety, and ho will find
sufficient "strenuous life" in an effort to make
his administration conspicuous for its honesty
and efficiency. If he intends to appear before
tho next republican convention as a candidate
he must prepare to fight tho bosses of his party
or to surrender to them, no is aware of tho
fact that tho republican organization did not
look with fayor upon his candidacy; he wag
; The Commoner.
thought too independent. If ho is indepen
dent and does his own thinking ho will alienato
those gentlemen (it is not necessary to name
them) who insist upon controlling political af
fairs in their various sections. There is ono
question which President Roosevelt will hayo
to meet Upon which his course is likely to be
determined by his ambition. If ho is going to
seek another term, he will find it difficult to
antagonize the great corporations which are
rapidly scouring a monopoly of tho nation's in
dustries, for the trust magnates are influential
in republican conventions and. their contribu
tions aro helpful during campaigns. The finan
ciers will insist upon controlling tho financial
policy of his administration and their threats
will bo potent if he mus't pass 'through a re
publican convention before ho can got to tho
people for an endorsement, but their fury will
be of no avail if he is content with tho record
made during tho present term.
Scarcely a day will pass but that he will
have to decide between himself and the people.
What will his decision be? Three years and a
half of work as a conscientious, earnest and
brave defender of the' interests of "the people
would win for him more real glory than seven
years and a half devoted to tho advancement of
his own interests tho first half spent in con
tracting obligation with influential men and
corporations and the second lialf spent in dis
charging the obligations at the expense of the
people.
- .President Roosevelt hap reached the parting
of theways; which road will be take? .- ,
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Much Ado About Nothing.
A young woman living in an interior town
in Illinois wrote recently to President Harper
of tho University of Chicago informing him
that she intended to attend that school and
would arrive on a certain day, and asking tho
good doctor to, meet her at the depot.
Evidently Dr. Harper regarded this request
in the nature of lose majeste, for it appears
that he gave this letter to the newspapers, and
these disseminators of fact and fiction have
made a vast amount of noise concerning this
simple request.
It would seem that President Harper was
greatly shocked because this "prospective stu
dent asked bo eminent a man to meet her at tho
' depot and assist her in reaching tho college.
All of tho Chicago papers of September .12 de
voted considerable space to the publication of
this girl's letter. Td be sure, the girl's namo
is not given, but it will unquestionably be
humiliating to her to have her very simple re
quest posted so conspicuously before the world.
If fhis Illinois girl was guilty of a great
offense in making such a request, it would
seem that so eminent a man as the president of
tho University of Chicago could afford to over
look tho enormous wrong; at least ho need not
have offered a rebuke in the form of publica-
tion..
It would have been vastly more to Dr.
Harper's credit had he simply detailed ono of
tho subordinates, with, whom ho is plentifully
supplied, to comply with this girl's request, or
if that was not possible ho might have bo noti
fied his correspondent.
It is not strange that a young girl'from an'
interior town, intending to visit a strange city
of Chicago's size, should desiro to avoid any of
tho inconveniences or embarrassments fre
quently attending a young girl's first visit to a
great town. Jt is strange, however, that tho
president of a college would seek to humiliate
a prospective student, or, for that matter, .seek
to humiliato any other person who happened to
make of him a very simple request, by giving
publicity to tho simplicity and making sport of
her ignorance of the importance of a greatrand
eminent man like the President 6i Mi. Roclie
feller's university.
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Riches Well Employed. .
The .Btory of the will of Alfred B. Nobel,
reported to have been tho richest man in
Sweden, is told in tho Chicago Record-Herald
by William E. Curtis. Nobel died in Decem
ber, 1890. Ho left a will providing for tho
establishment of five institutes representing as
many different fields of activity, physical sci
ence, chemistry, medioine, literature and hu
manity, or. the cause of peace, Each of these
institutes is to be -permanent and receive its
proportionate share of the revenue from tho
Nobel estate. The headquarters of all are to
be in Stockholm. Mr. Curtis tells the details
thus:
"The king' of Sweden Is to have general su
pervision and appoint a general inspector or pres
ident of the joint committee or executive board.
He has already selected Dr. Bostrom, whd for six
teen years Was prime minister of Sweden, but was
compelled to resign last summer. Each .Institute
is to have its own building, library and apparatus,
and its affairs aro to ba governed by a faculty of
specialists. Tho members of these faculties may bo
Swedes or foreigners, but they must be scientists
of unquestioned reputation in their respective
fields of inquiry and devote their entire time to
the duties of their position, which are to de
velop and extond the usefulness of tho discoveries
or inventions for which prizes Te awarded. Th.,
are to have the title of professor and must reside
in Stockholm.
"Each year a -prize Is to be awarded to that
person who in the judgment of the committee has
made the most important discovery in the flc'.d of
science or written the most valuable literary
work, or performed the most useful service in pro
moting peace among his fellow men. Candidates
for these prizes must be named by learned bodies.
Personal applications will not be received. Pro
fessors In certain universities, both Swedish and
foreign, distinguished scientists and scholars, espe
cially Invited by the Swedish Academy of Sciences,
and former prize winners may make nominations.
The provisions are complete and are printed in
great detail in a code Of statutes, which has tho
approval of the king.
"The money value of the prizes will defend
upon the income of the fund. This year the first
prizes to be awarded under the will have the valuq
of 150,000 kroner each, or a littlojnore than $40,000
In American money.
"The prizes for the most important discov
eries or inventions' In physical science and chem
istry will be awarded by the Swedish Academy of
Sciences; that in medicine by the Qarolina Medi
cal Institute of Stockholm; the prize for literature
by the Swedish Academy, and the prize for peace
by a committee of five persons to be elected by tho
Norwegian parliament." !
It is pointed out as a singular fact that