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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 13, 1901)
j) V , ,. upor,,-
Filling'Ejeslglij, Cataracts or Blindness
Curi Kithwt tki ust of til KDlff.
Dr. W O. Coffee, the noted eye specialist of Des
Xelnes, low, has perfected a mild treatment by-which
Anyone saaeriBg; irom Falling
Eyesight, Cataracts, Blindness
or aay disease of the eyes can
euro themselves at home If
you are afflicted with any eye
trouble write to Dr.Coffce and
tell Mm all about It. He will
then tell you just what he aa
do. He will also seed tou.
1PKEE of Charge, his 39
fpage uooic, "xue now Bystem
of Treating Diseases of the
Eyo." It is full of interesting?
and valuable Information. All
cures are permanent Write To-Day for yourself
cr friend to
W.O. COFFEE, M.D, 655 flood Block, PES MOINES, rt.
BELTIHG AT A SACRIFICE I
Wo bought at palot 600 now, perfect, rod
canvas stitched endless throshor
bolts, guaranteed quality, 150 foot length
-0 inch 4 Ply. Prico per holt S1. wo
havo all kinds of now rubber leather
and canvas belts, bought at Sheriff's
Snd Kecelver's Sales. Catalogue
o. 3:U I f rco.
CHICAGO HOUSE WRECKING COMPANY,
West 35th and Iron Stg., Chicago
FROM HALF AN ACREi
This Is what a Missouri man made last year.
8eo St. Louis Ropublic, Aug. 12th, 1030.
Easily grown, and hardy throughout tho Union.
Staplo in prico as Whoat and Cotton.
Price has advanced for 25 years.
"Wild supply on tho point of extermination.
For complete book all about it, send 10 conts.
Arthur C. Thompson, Hastings Bldg. Joplin,Mo.
than Is- ordinarily paid for a glass of
sherry or a cigar.
"Let no one call this a Utopian idea;
for the idea has been realized already
in Germany, where the cheapening
of books has had more influence than
. is generally imagined in making the
country what it is now. Thirty-four
years ago, Herr Philipp Iteclam, of
Leipsic, founded his 'Universal Bib--liothelc'
I do not hesitate to say that
this library is today one of the won
ders of the world."
Mr. Clowes qdds that his plan in
cludes "the bringing up to date of
various excellent works of reference
and ' standard books that have ceas
ed to be copyrighted, and the making
of arrangements for the collecting,
editing, and reprintingof much useful
"matter which appears from time to
time in peroidical literature, general
and scientific, and which, in the ordin
ary course of events, is never pub
lished in any other form." In addi
tion, he says, he contemplates "the
employment of a small staff of ex
pert translators, and the offering of
certain foreign writers of distinction
a modest royalty on translations of
Mr. Clowe's plan, to a limited ex
, tent as yet, has been followed by a
Glasgow publishing house, Messrs.
Gowan & Gray. Their first five vol
umes of their "Complete Library,"
published this spring, comprised the
most complete and useful edition thus
far published of the writings of Keats
in poetry and prose, with introduc
tions, notes and .indexes that in their
completeness and accuracy are inval
uable to students of this great poet.
The editor is the leading living Keats
expert, Mr. Buxton Forraan, who has
devoted a lifetime to the loving inves
tigation and exposition of the poet's
life and writings. The binding and
'typography of these volumes are ar
tistic and iri every way excellent, in
volving the use in several instances of
two colors. Yet the price in England
is only a shilling per volume (twenty
five cents). The plan is to include all
the chief poets and prose writers.
. Davitt on Arbitration.
New York, Sept. 2. The experience
-of compulsory arbitration in New Zea
land may-not offer to labor and capital
, in the United States an inducement to
it adopt the mediation of a similar law
for tho settlement of trade disputes.
The governmental, social and econ
omic conditions "are widely" different.
New Zealand has a total population of
leas than 800,000 people, with a single
administration, corresponding with
that of one of the states of your fed
eral republic. Conflicting and co-operating
interests are, therefore, less di
verse and of far less magnitude there
than here, while tho application of a
law of cbnclliation is rendered far
easier and ,made more direct within
the orbit of so small a community.
Still, the principle involved, in a dis
pute between employers and employes
is the same. The same interests of cap
ital and labor are involved in a strike
or a lockout, and tho neutral or inno
cent Interests of other industries and
of various sections of the public are
compromised and are made to suffer
during the continuance of conflict
They are no parties to the original
dispute and can gain nothing in a vic
tory won by either side that will of
fer compensation for the losses sus
tained in the dislocation of trading or
commercial connections resulting from
the shutting down of works or of man
ufactories. The state is, also, equally concerned
in the small as in the great commun
ity in an industrial strife which may
injure national interests and may pro
voke a disturbance of the public peace
and cause a possible interruption of
the sway of law. It was for these var
ious reasons that a compulsory arbi
tration law was enacted in the New
Zealand legislature in 1893.
This law,, roughly speaking, operates
as follows: If a strike is ordered by a
trades union, or a lockout is decreed
by employers, a machinery of legal
arbitration,. of a dual character, stands
ready for intervention. A. choice is left
between a purely voluntary tribunal
and one in which the state appoints
the umpire and compels the hearing
of the case in the Interests of tho
In the first place both sides may
agree upon an umpire, who presides
over a court which consists of an
equal representation of the disputants,
tho law recognizing the right of fed
erated capital and of organized labor
to appear in court for their respective
sides in the suit. Evidence is tend
ered on oath, as in ordinary legal
proceedings, and the decision of the
tribunal is made obligatory in the en
forcement of a fine, should either side
refuse to accept the verdict .recorded.
Public opinion is invariably behind
such verdict with its indorsement,
with the result that neither side can
afford to incur the censure of this
"popular court of appeal" by disre
garding the judgment given in the
Where one or both sides in a dispute
refuse to have voluntary recourse to
an arbitration tribunal the law can
command a hearing of the case before
a judge of tho high court. The side
which might refuse tb appear would
run the risk of inviting an adverse
judgment through default, and the fear
of this probable penalty acts as an in
ducement to both sides to accept the
Intervention of the state as an impar
In almost every instance in which
this compulsory arbitration law has
been applied to, or set in motion, since
its enactment a settlement satisfactory
to both sides and approved of by tho
public has been tho result.
Tho operation of tho law so far has
not been injurious to capitalistic in
terests, nor have trades unionists
found it detrimental to their rights of
combination in tho working of such a
law. Tho state has secured almost in
dustrial peace, and public opinion, if
not absolutely unanimous in its ap
proval of tho law, finds satisfaction in
tho cessation of active warfare between
capital and labor. .
A similar compulsory law would
have to "grow," as it wore, out of pub
lic opinion in this vast and complex
racial community of 80,000,000 people.
An experiment like that of New Zea
land could not bo so readily applied
here, with your gigantic trust inter
ests and your great labor combinations
representing a thousandfold moro
wealth and mightier industrial organi
zations than all the British and capi
tal of Now Zealand combined.
But a similar principle is involved
in tho present strike. Labor, in its
legally organized strength, declares it
self injured in some, of its interests or
legitimate claims. Capital, in tho ex
orcise of its legal rights, asserts that
the demands made upon it, on the part
of its employes' representatives, are
unreasonable and unfair, and a strike
Is there no way out of this combat
except by the barbarious method of a
fight to a finish? Such a conflict has
tho all-round demerit of insuring (1)
great loss of capital; (2) great sacri
fices on the part of the workers; (3)
tho depletion of trades union funds;
(4) continuous injury to "tho inno
cont interests" of economically asso
ciated trades, and (5) tho growing pub
lic concern for the national loss sus
tained by trade and commerce while
the fight continues.
Surely a country which has already
frightened a competitive industrial
world by its Inroads upon European
markets ought to be able to devise
some means, rational, fair and just
all around, by which a settlement may
be arrived at which will be equitable
in its terms even should it not put the
words "victors" or "vanquished" into
the records of the strike.
A somewhat similar strike occurred
in Liverpool in 1893. Tho strikers
wero the United Dock Laborers of Liv
erpool and the capitalists concerned
represented the vast shipping Interests
of that great seaport Tho fight was a
remorseless one for a time. Neither
side would give way, while the whole
city and kindred Interests suffered to
tho extent of millions by the disloca
tion of trade and commerce.
r OF ANY fiDAfiF. r ftTDTUttTM
flA A ui ca rri nrn m r. i a im? wn.
CASE ( SJISJ V
This ELEBAMT Watch $3jI5
Bfor j on bur t th tnl Al cut md m4 t m vlifc
7ir mmt tnl tddrtH, uul will ,td ; bj ttrtfH
jritmiMMnbiMiM WATCH AND
CHAIN C. O. D. S3. 78. twbl
Immlaf cit bftutttullf uT!Tf d.'utm'vttd 4
rd ft (ntt I!
itta for IaH
r 1M,EI WATCH Wm-ranlH Sfl YKAK8
Htm Ml, 1(144 wllk rlthlrjtwtltd mtrrmttt tad
Ht'td thtla for Ltdbi or
Hj.UMMU.rlt qul U tar IJJ.ftfl CK)M
tutnnUrdtntt lln.ikjxr wlik UwOild
itia ttua lor jaxi or ?ei cutis rr wcnti.
mj ttxcijitiHtpatyua it-lit It Tton. Oar
SOjtirpurtnttt i.Btnlth uh witeL Mcatltn
Ifrou int Oinli' or Att tin. Ad4rttt
AGENTS Pan-American Exposition Sonve
nir; Aluminum Pocket Piece with new U. 8.
Coin in centre. Sample 10 cents; 20, Jl, D, 8
Rockafellar, Sonierville, New Jeremy.
r Ml I
FOLKS reduced 1K lbs a month
You can tnako remedy ui home. Ha urn
lefree. Hall Chom. Co., Dent.20G.St. Louis. Mo
bcby tcst-74 Years. W DA V MB
and want moro Micsmcn. lAl ftmn
Outfit IKE STAKK NUKSEir, Stark, Mt
Month and Expenses; no experience
needed: position permanent; self-seller,
I'jcabk Mra. Co.,Biil'n TiOCIficlBnalL O.
Peace waB secured In this slmplo
manner: A friend of. the trades un
ionists called upon tho active leaders
of the shipping combination and asked
them this simple question:
"Is it wise in you to see continued
the daily loss of enormous wealth by
Liverpool capitalists, to embitter tho
growing exasperation of ten thousand
workers and to appear indifferent to
tho general injury done to the entire
community in tho conflict, rather than
to consent to examino what is equit
able in tho demands of the dockers'
This advice was followed. Such a
rational consideration of the men's
case was gone into. Just concessions
wero made, a compromise was ar
rived at and the strike was ended. All
the union asked for was not conceded,
but so reasonable was tho agreement
mutually consented to and so concil
iatory wds tho attitude of the employ
ers in meeting the workers moro than
half way that tho terras of peace then
laid down have prevailed ever since.
Michael Davitt, in Chicago American,
More Than One Way.-
"Hello, central! Give me oneltrlplo
nought, south." i
"Don't you catch it? One zero, zero,
zero, south." ' '
"South one double nought nought"
"Can't you speak plainer?"
"One thousand, south ten hundred,
south. Get it now?" "
"Oh, you mean south one ought
double .ought. All right." Exchange.
FROM THE EARLIEST PERIOD TO THE PRESENT TIME
Ten Volumes, 4,100 pages. No public speaker or student of history caa af
ford to be without the work. For price and terms address
FERD P KAISER, Publisher, i
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