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About The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923 | View Entire Issue (July 12, 1901)
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over the whole archipelago of Sulu and its depen
dencies Is declared and acknowledged.
Article II. The United States flag will be used
in tho archipelago of Sulu and its dependencies on
land and sea.
Article III. The rights and dignities of his ,
highness, the sultan, and his datoc shall bo fully
respected, and Moro3 shall not bo interferred with
on account of their religion; all their religious cus
toms shall bo respected and no one shall bo perse
cuted on account of his religion.
Article IV. While tho United States may oc
cupy and control such points in the archipelago
of Sulu as public interest seem to demand, en
croachment will not be made upon tho lands im
mediately about tho residence of his highness, tho
sultan, unless military necessity requires such oc
cupation in case of war with a foreign powjjr, and
where tho property of individuals is taken, duo
compensation will be made in each. case.
Any person can purchase land in the archipel
ago of Sulu and hold the same by obtaining the
consent of the sultan and coming to a satisfactory
agreement with the owner of the land, and such
purchase shall be immediately registered in tho
proper office of the United States government.
Article V. All trade In the domestic products
of tho archipelago of Sulu, when carried on by tho
sultan and his people with any part of the Philip
pine islands, and when conducted under the Am
erican flag, shall be free, unlimited and undutiable.
Article VI. The. sultan of Sulu shall be al
lowed to. communicate direct with the governor
general of tho- Philippine islands in making com
plaint against the commanding officer of Sulu or
against any naval 'commander.
Article VII. The introduction of firearms and
war materials is forbidden except under specific
authority of the governor-general of the Philip
pines. . .
. b-Ar,ticle VIII. Piracy must be suppressed and
the sultan and his datos agree to heartily co-operate
with the United States authorities to that end
and to make every possible effort to arrest and
bring to justice all persons engaged in piracy.
Article IX. Where crimes are committed by
Moros against Mpros the government of the sultan
will bring to trial and punishment tho criminals
and offenders who will be delivered to the govern
ment of the sultan by the United States authori
ties if in their possession. In all other cases per
se ns charged with crimes or offense will be deliv
eied to j the United States authorities for trial and
punishment. ' '
Article X. Any slave -in the archipelago of
Sulu shall have the right to purchase freedom by
paying; to the master the usual market value.
Article XI. At present Americans or foreign
ers washing to go into the country should state
their wishes to the Moro authorities and ask for
an escort, but it is hoped this Will become unnec
essary as we know each other, better.
Article XII. The United. States will give full
protection to the sultan and his subjects in case
any foreign nation should attempt to impose upon
Article XIII. The United States will not sell
the island, of Sulu or any other island of the Sulu
archipelago to any foreign nation witLout the
consent of the sultan of Sulu.
Article XIV. The United States government
will pay the following monthly salaries:.
To the sultan $250
To'Dato Rajah Muda....;....:.!. 75
ToB-ato Attik ' co
''" To Dato Calbe.' !!!!'!. 75
To Dato Joakahian .';..-. ...t .75
I-!- To Dato Puyo. ..,.,..','..' 60.
To Dato Amir Haissin..,. v. ,. 60
I ToiHadjI Buter.. eo '
u xu nnuiD iviura tt 40.
To Serif Saguin. .' , ', ; , 25
Signed in triplicate, in English and Sulu, at
Jolo, this 20th day of August, A. T., 1899, (13th
'Arakuil Akil, 1397). ' s
- ' - THE SULTAN OF SULU. -
, DATO RAJAH.
' ' DATO JOAKANIAN.
Signed, J. G. BATES, Brlg.-Gen., U. S. V.' -
Honest Because it is Right.
"In a recent issue of The Commoner, the
editor referred with approval to the maxim:
''Honesty is tho best policy." Carlos Good,
in the St. Louis Furniture News for April,
presents another phase of the question, namely
that one should be honest because it is right,
and not merely because it is the "best policy.
The following extract from the News is worthy
"Poor Richard's" most popular saying is
"Honesty is the hest policy." It Is put Into the
school children's copy books and their text books.
It is often repeated in the Sunday school. It is
drilled into the minds of a large portion of our
children, both in and out of school. Now, in all
honesty, I want to enter my solemn protest
against this "saying" and the use to which it is
put. I protest against my son, your son, and
every man's son being taught that he should be
honest because it is the best policy. I want him
taught that lie should be honest because it is the
best policy. I want him taught to be honest be
cause it is right. Put in his copy book, "Be hon
est because to be TiOnest is to be right. Be' honest
because Jesus taught honesty. Be honest because
all good men are honest." I want him taught the
full meaning of the word "honesty." Do not let
him grow up with the belief that so long as he
talces nothing unlawfully from h'is fellowman he
must necessarily be honest. Some of the most
dishonest men in the country never permit them
selves to do an act that would entangle them in the
meshes of the law. The laws of our country are
man-made laws. Teach .your son and your daugh
ter, too, to be honest "when measured by God
"When your children's minds are sufficiently
mature to grasp the subject comprehensively, show
them that one of the greatest lessons in honesty '
ever taught by Jesus was when he said "Let him
who is without sin cast the first stone." Teach
them that being lawfully honest in business and
financial transactions ia that part of honesty that
is of the least importance; because if they bo
taught to be honest with their brother man in all
other relations of life; to bo honest with them
selves and to be honest with their God, it will 1 2
an absolute moral impossibility for them to be
dishonest in their business transactions. On the
other hand a man may be legally honest in his,
business relations and still be an unprincipled,
soulless schemer at heart; a man who, to quote
from Sir Walter Raleigh, would have "A honey
tongue, a heart of gall." Teach your son to be
honest because it is right, and that no matter
how lowly his position in this life may be a truly
honest man will be given a high seat in the world
Different Kinds of Dollars.
George E. Roberts, Director of the Mint,
in an interview, recently referred to the propo
sition that a mint be established at Manila.
Mr. Roberts said:
"I have heard nothing about the matter since
the adjournment of congress,,. but I know that it is
receiving the attention of the war department,
which Is obtaining all the information possible on
the subject. Army officers seem to favor the es
tablishment of a mint at Manila, and an effort to
substitute American coinage for tho Mexican now
in general use. There is considerable opposition,
to tills' proposition, however, as it is certain thaF
any attempt to- push tho American dollar and re
deem it in gold would precipitate commercial dis
turbances that might result in disaster. Secretary
Gage is opposed to it and I am inclfned to think
that this plan, will not he adopted.
' "Two plans1 have been proposed. The first of
these is to establish a free mint at Manila for the
making of a Philippine dollar interchangeable
with .the Mexican dollar and redeemable at a fixed
price in gold. Under this plan producers of silver
would sell "their product to establishments having
trade relations with the east, which would have it
coined at the Manila mint and put in circulation.
This is the plan adopted by the British govern
ment, which co.ins an Indian dollar which is circu
lated from the Straits settlement and has so far
been successful in competing with, the Mexican
dollar and the rupee.
"The second plan is to coin a 'token dollar'
about the size of the Mexican dollar with, enough
less silver to prevent it from going to the melting
pot or out of the country, interchangeable witn
the Mexican dollar and redeemable in gold equally
with Mexican coin."
It is rather strange to hear that the war de
partment is considering the establishment of a
mint. Surely we arc undergoing'iriauy changes
Heretofore the treasury department has been
charged with affairs .relating to our finances;
bat under the new policy that has sprung up
in our "laud of the free and home of the brave"
the war department appears to be a mighty" in
stitution wielding enormous powers and one
whoso bounds arc controlled- by "no pent-up-Utica."
Mr. Roberts thinks it likely that somo plan
involving the creation of a "Philippine doHar"
will be adopted. It will be well to look at
this suggestion seriously. The constitution
gives Congress the right to "coin 'money, regu
late the value thereof and of foreign coin, and
fix the standard of weights and measures."
No one heretofore would have dared to claim
that Congress had the right to make one dol
lar for one section and another, dollar for. an
other section. Under the constitution no one
will seriously claim that , such a right, exists.
It will not be surprising, however, if the prop
osition to create a "Philippine dollar" or a
"token dollar" prevails. Authority for this
wilL be found, not in the constitution, -but in
the decision of the Supreme Court in the Porto
Rican cases. Under that decision Congress,
the creature of the constitution, has, with re
spect to our new possessions, whatever, author
ity it may see fit to exercise entirely regardless
of the fundamental law.
When the war department, by and with the
consent of the president and Secretary Gage
and a few other executive heads, sets out to
adopt a financial policy for the Philippine
Islands the American, people will begin to ob
tain a hint of the far reaching character of the
Porto Rican decision.
There arc no restraints upon congressional
authority in Porto Rico. There are no re
straints upon the war power in the Philippine
If political interests require, the time may
yet come when we will have one kind of dollar
for the Philippines, another kjnd of dollar for
-Porto Rico, an altogether different dollar for
Cuba, a new fangled dollar for Arizona and a
paten t-appliedl-f or dollar for New Mexico,
while within the states, which are the masters
of these territories, a wholly different dollar
will be "current money with tho merchant;"
and this will be a "sound finanoial system"-
one in which 'tevery dollar is as good as every
other dollar" one in which the "faith" and
the "honor" of tho nation are preserved, and
the "business interests" of the country are sub
served t J