The commoner. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1901-1923, June 28, 1901, Page 4, Image 4
fTTWflfgrni-'; . t'k 4 Y 1 f r What Docs A Pledge Imply? employed as an argument by republican orators and newspapers In every locality where there was unsubstantial sliver element In the party Is one of the best-known facts of the campaign of 189C. That It Influenced a sufllciont number of votes in the close states of the middle west and the Pacific slope to be decisive in McKinley's favor is so extremely probable as fairly to justify the declaration that ho owed his first election to the promise to pro moto the free coinage of silver by international agreement. That there never was the slightest pur pose on the part of tho republican leaders to carry out that pledge In good faith was even then ap parent to those who fully realized the extent to which the republican party was dominated by tno great moneyed interests of tho country. It has sinco been proved with a certainty that amounts to a mathematical demonstration." "What does a pledge 'to promote' a certain thing mean? Clearly to use all proper efforts to bring about the end in view. Such a pledge is not- satisfied by a single attempt, but the party promising to promote must keep on trying until it becomes evi dent that all effort In that direction is bound to bo fruitless. This is the principle that would govern-in private affairs, and it is one that should commend itself to every right-thinking person. Still less is the moral obligation of such a pledge removed by a single effort, not made in good faith, and never intended to succeed. "If anything in our political history is perfectly- clear, then is it clear that tho sending of the Wolcott commission to Europe was a farce and a. fraud a mere perfunctory and colorable carrying out of a campaign pledge made to catch votes, and for no other purpose. It was so regarded in Eu rope, and Senator Wolcott's statement in the sen .Jata virtually laying the blame of failure at tho door of Secretary Gage showed plainly that tho chairman of the commission had reached the samo conclusion himself. . "And. this conclusion was a just one; for while the Wolcott commission was laboring to convince England and Franco that the .'stranRo United States government earn- riethods of estly desired a return to bimetal- Promotlom Usui on the basis of tho free coinage of both gold and silver at an agreed ratio, the chief financial officer of. tho government was making gold standard speeches to boards of trade, chambers of commerce, and other associations of business men in various parts of tho country. Not only this, but he actually formu lated a gold standard bill, which was laid before the cabinet and approved. More important still, before the Wolcott commission had fairly com pleted its labors, the president sent a special message to congress urging legislation along tho. lines of the plan of the Indianapolis monetary con vention, which, as everybody knows, was for the gold standard without reservation. "With tho return of tho Wolcott commission, tho administration assumed that its duty under the pledge to promote bimetal Faithfui lism had been performed, and Performance proceeded to 'commit tho coun- Indeed. try more thoroughly to the gold standard' by procuring tho en actment of a measure which, besides greatly en larging the privileges and profits of the national banks, in effect reduces the silver dollarto tho grade of a greenback by making it redeemable in gold. It is this 'faithful performance' of a solemn pledge by which Mr. McKInley was twice elected president that Mr. Chandler refers to with stinging irony in the closing paragraph of his letter. "This, bo it remembered, is not a democratic onslaught. The charge of bad faith comes from an ironclad republican, who was From an almost ono of the founders of ironclad the party; a man who was flght- ", Republican. ing Its battles when the most of its latter day champions wore .cither in their cradles or not yet born. When such The Commoner. a man publicly declares that the fraudulent use of six words has twice in succession elected Mr. Mc KInley president of the United States it presents a startling fact for tho consideration of tho Ameri can pflople a fact that cannot and should not bo blinked by the fortuitous return of a prosperity with which the republican party had no more to do than it has with the ebbing and flowing of the tides." A Stigma Upon National Honor. The Chicago Kcoord-IIerald is rapidly ap proaching the copperhead column. In a recent ibsuo thiB republican newspaper had an edi torial entitled: "Cuba Swallows Dependency." The Record-Herald said: "At last the Cuban constitutional convention has. accepted tho Piatt amendment, which robs Cuba of the pretense of being an independent and sovereign state. It was what is known throughout America as a ground-hog case. The amendment, which was a direct violation of our national prom ise of independence to Cuba, was forced down the Cuban throats with tho threat that unless it was swallowed verbatim et literatum there would bo no withdrawal of the American army of occupa tion. "The very fact that the United States made the inclusion of the Piatt amendment in the Cuban constitution a condition precedent to the with drawal of its troops wrote travesty across the face of that constitution as, the fundamental law of a people whp 'are and of. right ought to be free and independent.' "We aro now the paramount power in Cuba by the act of tho Cuban convention under duress. "As The Independent says, this coercion of Cuba into acceptance of the Piatt amendment 'puts a stain upon the honor of the United States which cannot be effaced by Cuba's unwilling submission.' "The suzerainty of Cuba under all the circum stances of pretense, perfidy and compulsion is a stigma upon the honor and good faith of the United States which will yet return to plague our poli ticians." Trade Relations With Cuba. Senator Aldrich of Connecticut, whom so high a .republican authority as W illiam E. Curtis of the Chicago llecord-Herald refers to as "the representative of the sugar trust,"' re cently called upon the president to protest against reciprocal trade relations between tho United States and Cuba. Senator Aldrich in sisted that Cuba must occupy the same rela tion to tho United States as any other foreign power, and that her products must be subject to the Dingley tariff law. Unquestionably so far as concerns the Ding ley tariff law Senator Aldrich is correct. It is strange, however, that this senator was among those who supported the Piatt amend ment and who insisted, that the United States had the authority to frame the constitutional law for a country which he now insists to be extremely "foreign." The question of reciprocal trade relations between tho United States and Cuba is ono that should be determined on common senso lines. So long as ours is a high tariff policy with reciprocity possibilities under certain con ditions, it would scorn the part of wisdom to determine whether it was not to our interest to . encourage theeo reciprocal trade relations. If wo insist upon such a high tariff rate as to practically prohibit tho importation of sugra. and other Cuban products, what will wq do when it comes to exporting to Cuba our own producta and particularly our manufactures? As soon as Cuba takes on the form of a na tion vast improvements will be made there. Undoubtedly there will be an enormous de mand for manufactured articles from the United States as well as or many of our other products. The word "reciprocal" explains itself. If we refuse favors to Cuba, we have no right to expect favors from Cuba. It may be, how everthat Senator Aldrich intends that on our part Cuba shall be denied any approach to free trade with the United States, and that then some ingenious plan will be devised whereby, under the authorities of a world power, we may insist upon Cuba giving free entry to our products and our manufactures. If the administration insists upon accommo dating the sugar trust at the expense of the rest of the country it will be confronted with the largest problem that has yet arisen in the Cuban situation. The administration has well nigh exhausted the list of plausible excuses in its impositions upon the people of Cuba, and it would Jind it difficult to devise an apology for a decree that the United States would make' tariff rules, not only for the United States, but also for the little republic on the south. W The Star-Spangled Banner. . '. (Francis Scott Key.) 0, say, can you see, by the dawn's early light What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming? Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight, O'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming; And the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air, Cave proof through the night that our Hag was still there. O, say, does that star-spangled banner yet wave O'er the land of the free and home of the brave? On the shore, dimly seen through tho mists of the deep, Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes, What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep, As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses? Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam, -In full glory reflected now shines on the stream. 'Tis the star-spangled banner! O, long may it wavo O'er the land of he free and the home of tne brave! And where is that band who so vauntingly swore That the 'havoc of war and the battle's confusion A homo and a country should leave us no more? Their blood has washed out their foul footsteps' pollution. No refuge could save the hireling and slave From the terror of death and tho gloom of tho grave. . - And tho star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave O'er the land of tho free and the home of tho brave! 0, thus bo it ever, when freemen shall stand Between their loved homes and the war's deso lation; Blest with victory and peace, may tho heaven rescued land Praise tho power that made and preserved us a nation. Then conquer we must, for our cause it is just, And this bo our motto; "In. God Is our trust;" And the sar-spangled banner In triumph shall wave O'er the land of tho free and" the homo of th' brave!