The Loup City northwestern. (Loup City, Neb.) 189?-1917, August 03, 1916, Image 6

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The Transatlantic Zeppelin and the Cargo-Carrying Airship, Nc
Longer Technical Possibilities, They Are Probabilities—Ger
many Constructs New Super-Zeppelin of Great Speed
and Increased Freight-Carrying Capacity.
New York.—Is the cargo-carrying
Zeppelin coming next? A cable report
says It Is, and perhaps people might
just as well pocket their scepticism,
sit tight and prepare to welcome the
aerial woudercraft. The doubting
Thomases were bowled over for keeps
when the U-boat Deutschland poked
her nose in througli the capes of the
Chesapeake, and, without other aid
than her beautifully running Diesel
motors, headed for Baltimore at a
tidy clip, writes Robert G. Skerritt in
the New York Sun.
The transatlantic Zeppelin and the
cargo-carrying airship are no longer
merely technical possibilities; they
are probabilities. Credible reports
from abroad bear this statement out.
. The fact is the Germans have lately
completed and tested a naval super
Zeppelin, one of a numerous class now
under construction, which surpasses
by a wide margin anything of the kind
heretofore built by the Teutons. So
far in advance is this type that the
spanning of the Atlantic becomes
measurably near.
The Germans have striven hard to
keep the details of this monster air
craft from the outside world, but the
Inevitable leak has developed via Lake
Constance—that body of water over
which the Germans and the Swiss ex
ercise a divided sovereignty. An en
terprising Swiss journalist learned of
what was going on at Friedriehsliafen,
and his story was promptly printed.
Despite diplomatic efforts the paper
got abroad and the information Is now
available here.
New Super-Zeppelin.
Some idea of what the newest Zep
pelin, or rather super-Zeppelin, repre
sents In the way of aeronautic devel
opment can be gathered from the fact
that the cubical capacity of her gas
bags is 100 per cent greater than that
of the largest naval Zeppelin in com
mission when war was declared. That
is to say, this titan of the air can
stow 54.000 cubic meters of gas within
her aluminum outer hull. This repre
sents a lifting power equal to the
raising of substantially 61 tons. The
dead weight of the vessel is a matter
of 40 tons, and in the language of the
tcchnicist this leaves a margin of 21
tons for the carriuge of useful load.
Until the advent of this super-type
the longest Zeppelin had a total
length of 468 feet and a gas content of
from 19.000 to 20,000 cubic meters.
The airship which lately made suc
cessful trips over Lake Constance
has a hull nearly 788 feet long.
And in the matter of shape. Count
Zeppelin has made a decided departure
from his previous dirigibles. He has
chosen a model that offers a much
lower resistance to the air. and there
fore per unit of horsepower he ob
tains a speedier and withal a more
manageable and economic craft.
Considered from a military point of
view these gains are of the greatest
Importance. With controlability and
added speed the builder secures longer
range, added weatherliness and powers
of offense and defense of an excep
tional order.
Driven by Seven Propellers.
According to the cabled reports the
snper-Zeppelin lb driven by seven pro
pellers. There are tiiree on each side,
supported laterally by outstanding tins,
and the seventh propeller projects aft
from tlie rear gondola. This arrange
ment is influenced by the modified
form of tlie after body of tlie hull.
The super-Zeppelin lias three gou
lolas in which are placed the motive
power and a fourth gondola or central
•ontrol station which is partly housed i
within tlie body of the keel. The lat
ter forms in addition to tlie backbone
of the craft a connecting passageway
fore and 11ft by which all of the cars
can be reached under cover.
The gondolas are all armored witli
thin steel plating of a special sort
which has unusual defensive proper
ties. The central station or car is the
navigational position and also the
point from which bombs or a new type
of aerial torpedo can be launched. The
launching apparatus reflects the ex
perience of the war. The discharge is
controlled electrically and It is said
that much greater accuracy in hitting
is obtainable than has been possible
Each of the engine-bearing gondolas
carries an armament consisting of a
new model of semiautomatic gun and
n number of machine guns. But there
are other directions in which the
super-Zeppelin has increased her pow
ers of attack. Forward and aft on
each side are housed rapid-firers.
These are installed inside recesses
within the outer envelope and are nor
mally concealed. In time of action,
tlie -sheltering cover is dropped and
tlie guns stand out where they can
command wide angles of fire laterally
and in a vertical plane. This is a dis
tinct departure.
Offensive and Defensive.
On top of the airship, near tlie bow.
Is an eighth gun emplacement, and
the weapons there are machine guns
and a novel type of small rapid-fire
mortars. This feature is designed to
deal particularly with attacking aero
planes that might seek to assail tlie
dirigible from aloft, the most prom
ising avenue of approach hitherto.
The mortars throw a new order of
aerial bomb which is said to be more
effective than shrapnel in dealing with
henvier-thnn-air Hying machines. The
maximum elevation of these pieces
gives a nearly overhead fire.
During the tests over Friedriehshafen
on Lake Constance the super-Zeppelin
showed that she was capable of mount
ing aloft at an astonishing speed and
a maximum altitude of 15,000 feet was
attained. With her nose pointed tip
ward and her engines adding their
lift to the buoyant gas in the bags, the
dirigible climbed skyward at the rate
of 2,000 feet a minute.
The aeroplane that can ascend at a
velocity of S00 feet a minute is doing
The super-Zeppelin will cover the
entire field of aerial scouting. She
can do this without fear of inter
ference from below. The best of the
anti-aircraft guns have a vertical
range of but 10,000 feet, while the
newest Zeppelins can mount securely
to an added height of 5,000 feet.
At a height of 5,000 feet an observer
over the water has a radius of ob
servation of something like 80 miles.
From such a coign of vnutage it would
be extremely easy to watch the fall of
shot at ranges of 15,000 yards and
more. It gives to the gunner afloat
the power of telling hits by indirect
fire, assuming that a bank of fog in
tervened. The admiral without such
means of aerial spotting is to all in
tents and purposes blind.
Send and Receive Wireless.
It must be remembered that while
the aeroplane can dispatch wireless
messages it is incapable of receiving
them owing to the racket made by its
noisy engines. The Zeppelin, on the
other hand, is not so hampered, and
therefore can both transmit and re
ceive wireless communications.
The super-Zeppelin of the latest pat
tern carries a crew numbering some
thing like 10 all told. During cruis
ing periods half of these men are
on duty at a time. All of them are
engaged only when the aircraft is in
action and every gun manned.
Heretofore the cruising endurance of
the Zeppelins has been roundly a mat
ter of 1,000 nautical miles. The greatly
increased buoynucy of the super-Zep
pelin suggests that it will be entirely
practicable to carry- more than double
the proportion of fuel per unit of horse
power. Not only this, but the im
proved form of the hull has greatly re
duced the air resistance and therefore
augmented the propulsive effort of the
engines. It is not improbable that the
dirigible which made her maiden trial
trip a month ago is able to cover some
thing like fl.000 knots before replenish
ing her supplies.
Just as the fighting submarine
blazed the way for the cargo-carrying
submarine Deutschland, so the newest
super-Zeppelin points logically to the
practicability of a transatlantic flight
and the carriage of either passengers
or cargo. Of course, the quantity of
freight would be relatively less than
that of a submarine of commerce, but
then the element of time saved and
the value of the freight might easily
make a service of that sort well worth
the while. Indeed, it is quite conceiv
able that the aerial trader could make
the journey from continent to conti
nent with far less likelihood of cap
ture or interference than that menac
ing the under-water cargo carrier.
Navigation Problems Solved.
The transatlantic aerial freighter
would be stripped of its military char
acter just ns has been done in the case
of the U-boat Deutschland., unil this
would increase the possible profit
making cargo. The navigational prob
lems need not balk the Germans. The
work the kaiser's Zeppelins have
already done both in time of peace and
• during the present conflict has shown
the sureness with which the boats
can be guided night or day from point
to point. Long before the outbreak
of hostilities the passenger-carrying
Zeppelin Victoria Luise made more
than 400 trips, and up to the four hun
dredth run covered nearly 30,000 miles,
carrying upon each run 21 passengers.
With all of the experience gained since
then, what may not the advent of the
super-Zeppelin augur?
i ----—I
Mine. Fernando Itocehi Riahouehin
sky, who attracted considerable atten
tion because of her remarkable beauty
when she came to New York city with
her husband, Nicholas lliabouchinsky,
a wealthy Russian who has been iden
tified with the diplomatic service of
his country, is now to go on the stage.
Rochester Man Goes Through Some
Rough Work With Auto
on Road.
Rochester, N. Y.—Arthur E. Brown
did about everything expected of a
slapstick motion picture comedian out
the Scottsville road the other night,
according to his adventures as told
in a claim for $110 filed against the
Mr. Brown was operating an auto
mobile through an unlighted detour,
when a rear wheel went into mud con
siderably over the rim and refused to
budge. Brown went around to the re
calcitrant wheel and tried to pull the
car free. Instead, according to the
complaint, this happened:
“I sank deep into the soft earth or
ashes and fell into a hole filled with
iron, tin cans, sticks and other sorts
of rubbish, sustaining a deep cut or
gash on my right hand, bruises on my
left side directly under my left arm.
a severe jarring, causing me to become
sick, sore, lame and disabled, and I
am still sick, sore, lame and disabled,
and my suit of clothes worn at this
time became soaked with filthy water
and mud and is ruined, and my eye
glasses were jarred from my nose and
were broken. A sharp iron projecting
about two feet broke tlie right eye
glass and tore the right corner of
my eye.”
•.f>*i .-iriitriiiriiii ■
lo prove that women are an important .'V'c-tor in national preparedness and
as resourceful as men in emergencies, r.». Misses Adeline and Augusta Van
Bnren of New York, descendants of Prwdent Martin Van Buren, started from
New York for Sstn Francisco on th* Srst motorclcle trip across the continent
ever attempted by members of tfeti- sex. They expect to cover the 3,814 miles
of the trip in easy stages of c«c hundred to two hundred miles a day, and to
reach the Golden Gate about August 31.
English Society Women Consider It a
Badge of War Time
London.—In these days when women
are taking up the work of men gone to
the front pink and white are no longer
considered desirable in a woman’s com
plexion and tan has become the fash
ionable shade.
“You’ve either got to wear a Red
Cross uniform or a canteen worker’s
brassard or a munitions badge, or a
tanned face,” remarked a pretty girl.
“If you come back to town with cheeks
that are as brown as the earth, people
Immediately believe you’ve been help
ing to make hay or picking fruit. You
don’t need to bother about your com
plexion. People don’t expect you to I
have one if you’ve been helping fann
ers. And think what it saves at the
A small but useful electric railway
is contained within a Paris sewer.
Had Secretly Sold Meat at Great
Profit*, Despite Govern
ment Order.
Berlin.—A Cologne butcher named
Sommer has been sentenced to Jail for
two years and fined 20,000 marks
($5,000) for withholding from sale a
large amount of meat and also for se
cretly selling meat assigned for sale
in Cologne to Dresden dealers at a
great profit.
P1 -■ .
I ----
I HZM& ZlrtffZFJTJjr
•U. 'ic NV
^^>2^ CYMZUWiJ
•Toe Tinker, Johnny Evprs, Jimmy
Sheckard. Artie Hoffman. Harry Stein
feldt and Frank Chance were idols on
the West side in the pennant winning
days, but it is doubtful if they com
manded more admiration than Cy Wil
liams, Frank Schulte, Heinie Zimmer
man, Jimmy Archer and Vic Saier are
getting at present on the North side
from the Cub fans, writes Oscar Rei
chow in Chicago Daily News. These
men have won the respect of the fol
lowers through their earnest efforts
and brilliant playing and richly de
serve what they are getting in the way
of applause and encouragement.
Fans were somewhat worried before
the opening of the season whether
Zimmerman, Williams, Saier, Schulte
and Archer would play up to their
standard for Manager Tinker. They
have learned since that these star play
ers are surpassing their 1915 perform
ance in every respect and it has been
their combined assiduous efforts that
have kept the club in a position to bat
tle for a first division place. It has
been years since the Cub fans have
looked at such playing as Williams,
Schulte, Saier and Zimmerman have
been supplying to date.
From close observation one is almost
compelled to say that the task of keep
ing tlie Cubs in the race will fail upon
Zimmerman, Williams, Schulte and
Saier. Their batting is the big point.
If they can keep it up and the twirlers
hold up their end the Cubs are certain
to be on top or near at every stage of
the skirmish. What they have accom
plished to date is sufficient proof of
that, and it is doubtful if four men
can be found in tfce National league to
equal the wort they are doing.
Mighty Bat of John Franklin Baker
Great Factor in Winning Games
for New York Team.
John Franklin Baker, the home-run
artist, did not live up to his reputa
tion as a slugger in the early games In
which the Yankees participated.
J. Franklin Baker.
Lately, however, the noted walloper
has been hitting the ball with his ac
customed vigor. The Yankees have
shown a big improvement with Baker
in the ranks and his mighty bat is
bound to be a great factor in winning
games for them.
Batter Hit Home Run, With Bases
Full, After Side Had Been Re
tired—Umpire Asleep.
They must play a lively wideawake
sort of game in the Ohio State. In a
recent Frankfort-Maysvilie game, after j
three men were out a batter hit a |
homer with the bases full. After all
four men had crossed the plate some
body aroused enough from his nap to
acquaint the sleepy umpire and play
ers that it was against the rules of
the game to require four outs, so the
umpire said the runs didn't count.
Rather Than Join Vancouver Team He
Secures Engagement With a Mov
ing Picture Concern.
Ralph Works, who used to pitch for
the Detroit Tigers, does not have to
play hall in order to earn a living. He
was released by the Los Angeles club
the other day and ordered to report to
the Vancouver club. But he did not
follow Instructions. He just breezed
up to Santa Barbara and joined a
moving picture company at a salary
which he claims is fatter than any he
ever received ns a diamond performer.
Seven Hits in One Day.
Seven good base hits in one day is
some record. Russell Blackburne of
Toronto made it in a recent double
header with Montreal. He got five lilts,
three of them doubles, in the first
game, and two siugles in the second.
Mrs. Dunn Is a Fan.
Mrs. James Dunn, wife of the Cleve
land president. Is some fan. She has
had a ticker Installed in their home so
she may receive promptly the baseball
returns when the Indians are away
from home.
wmmmmmmmmmm—mmmmmrn Wmm
If baseball is really better now than
it used to be one feels sorry for fa
• • *
About the best thing that Dutch
/willing can do as a* pinch hitter is
foul out.
• • *
It’s hard to make- the enthusiastic
fan think everything is wrong on the
day the home team wins.
* • *
Seven National league managers
would like to see President Wilson or
der the Phils to Mexico.
* * *
Weather man has hurt the big
leagues more this season than the
Federal league man did last year.
* * *
It will be a fairer deal all around in
the American league when there's a
Coveleskie pitching on each team.
• • •
Charles Ebbets graciously allows all
soldiers in military uniform the cour
tesy of Ebbets field without paying.
* • *
Nobody, however, except the gentle
man himself, knows how to pronounce
the name of Pitcher I.uque of Louis
• • •
Here's what a baseball owner said
the other day: "I would pay more at
tention to baseball, if it wasn’t fi r
• • •
Connie Mack owns no diploma, but
he makes 15 or 20 highly educated
university youths jump through his
• • •
Oh, yes, Hans Wagner is an old man.
All of the guides tell you that, but you
would never secure such an impres
sion by his work in the field.
• * *
To the great dinppointraent of every
American league member, Tyrus It.
Cobb is not a member of the National
Guard of Georgia.
• • •
Somebody will swear out a warrant
for those Cub pitchers pretty soon on
a charge of vagrancy, since they have
no visible support.
* * •
No; the leading professions won’t be
overcrowded with new college gradu
ates as long as Connie Mack is try
ing to build a team.
* * *
Perhaps it was just common sense
that enabled the Cleveland club to
land Fred Beebe at the time they
needed him so much.
• • •
Babe Ruth of the Red Sox lias a
wicked way of feeding baseballs to
right-field bleaeherites. Wonder if he
knows those pills cost $1.25 per.
* * *
It is understood that several big j
league managers have written to Sec
retary Baker at Washington, asserting
that they could tip off a number of
“soldiers” to him. ,
• • •
The Pirates have Honus Wagner, |
the king of pastlmers ; Max Carey, the ]
king of base stealers, and A1 Mamaui, i
crown prince among pitchers. But it’s <
a tough year on royalty.
• » •
Every time Lee Magee makes a hit
or two in a game he is accused of ]
finding his batting eye. If they’d let ]
Lee alone long enough to find It he’d i
find it. «
Castigations Given Players Arc
Like Father’s Reproofs.
Nothing They Resent So Much ei
Newspaper Criticism of Boys Play
ing for Them—Will Not
Tolerate Interference.
M«Graw, manager of the New York
National league baseball club. Is very
strict with his players, but they all
swear by him, for they know that lie is
“on the level” with them. The same
thing is true of McGraw’s old side
partner, llughie Jennings. They may
“call” their players unmercifully, in
the heat of a diamond battle for some
had mistake, hut such castigations are
like a father's reproofs to ids sons, and
hear no ill will. Let someone else offer
criticism, and these two managers will
light back just like a parent would
were his sons attacked.
There is nothing they resent so deep
ly as newspaper criticism of their pluy
ers. They assume that they tan con
duct their own baseball households
without outside interference, and as
they are the parties responsible for the
showing of the teams, they propose to
do it.
Both are very hotheaded, and for this
reason their seats on the bench are
isolated and shiny—the former condi
tion due to discretion on the part ol
the players, and the latter to nervous
hitching about, incited by the manag
erial view of various plays. If some
unlucky wight out on the diamond
happens to err, a colleague roosting
close to the manager is likely to be the
Manager John McGraw.
recipient of a spontaneous and un
thinking broadside for something not
his fault, simply because the mana
ger's mind must be freed. The actual
offender generally escapes, because so
many things happen before he gets
back to the bench that his slip is for
McGraw strives eternally to drill his
baseball knowledge into the brains of
his players. The thing he most abhors
is a “bonehead” play. It is for such
Manager Hugh Jennings.
that he chides his Giants, not for the
sort of errors that go into the box
scores. If his team should play ortho
lox baseball, and yet lose the entire
154 games of a schedule, he would not
ivliimper. But if a single game is lost
through mental inability to grasp a
situation, he raves. He cannot stand
that.—Popular Magazine.
Speaker Says Doesn’t Matter If Hair
Is Getting Gray, So Long as He
Continues at Top Speed.
Tris Speaker resents being joshed
ibout his age. He says that just so
ong as he continues to go at top
speed it really does not matter how
mich the fans “ride” him because his
tiair is gray, but that it hurts wheD
le is going bad. Speaker refuses tc
livulge Ids exact age, but declares that
le has been gray since he wns seven
:een years of age, and that he is nol
ret thirty. Few fans will believe that
rris is as young as he would like tc
lave people believe, but, nfter all
,vhat docs it matter? He Is playing
he greatest game of liis career, and
intil he starts to slip the fans In Cleve
and will not worry about his gray
Job for Mullaney.
Dominick Mullaney, former Amerl
:an league umpire, has been appointed
;uperintendent of a new public play
'round at Jacksonville, Fla. He will
ay out the diamonds and have charge
if amateur games under the auspices
if a municipal commission.
Frank Chance in Luck.
Frank Chance Is meeting with some
uck in the Pacific Coast league race,
iis Los Angeles team is fighting right
.round the top and the Peerless Lead*
r is feeling much better.
Meant His Remarks as a Joke, but
Sleepy Individual Whom He Had
Abused Could Not See It
That Way.
A Columbus traveling man telis of
an unusual and humorous experience
on the road down in south Georgia a
few days ago.
A salesman had been working that
section and found business line. Cot
ton sales had been good and the foik
had money to buy his commodity ami
did buy. So, his work over and an
envelope stuffed with orders mailed in
the post office, he felt in extraordinary
line spirits when he boarded tin- train
to go to the next town.
The train started off and tie- sales
man stood on the hack platform, -mak
ing a good cigar and surveying the
scenery with great satisfaction, a
rather shiftless looking individual «•;.*
leaning against a post near the tra< k,
a hundred yards or so front the depot.
The train had gathered considerable
momentum and was going fast when
it passed the post.
The salesman was in extraordinary
high spirits and his good humor had to
vent itself some way ; and it expressed
itself in this most unusual manner.
When the rapidly-moving train passe*!
the shiftless-looking man the traveler
leaned off the platform, shook his fin
gers in the other’s face aud in the
course of two or three hilarious sec
onds gave him his complete industrial
and personal history in terse, crisj
phrases. The traveling man was smil
ing, and if the citizen had but knowr
it, his apparently derogatory remark?
were really an expression of overflow
ing good nature and satisfaction witl
the world, but the sleepy-looking mar
couldn't see any thing in it but malic*
of the most astonishing and um-xpect
ed kind.
in me traveling man s astonisnment
the sleepy-lookiug man, galvanised intc
life, started down tlie track at ful
speed after the train, now going quit)
fast. It was apparently an unequa
race and the man on the platform wa
'ightly amused, although admiring th
other's pluck and endurance. In twc
>r three minutes, however, he was sur
prised to find the speed of tlie train
lessening, and as it did so the runner
made another spurt. In just a little
hit the train came to a dead stop—
the engine always paused to g.*t watei
there, although this passenger was, nj
course, unaware of that fact. Tin
Marathon runner in the rear arrived
in time to jerk the traveler off the plat
form. The classiest kind of tight fol
lowed, but when the traveling mar
managed to climb back on the platform
as the train started off again, he had
two well-blacked eyes and his new suit
was sadly torn, while the gentlemai
whom lie hud decorated with several
titles a quarter mile back down thi
track, had found and was utilizing an
other post and seemed In a state of
perfect content.—Macon Telegraph.
Predicts a Simple Religion.
“When the war is over we are goinj;
to have a simple religion, a religion
without frills," tlie bishop of Stepnej
said, addressing those who took part
in the second procession of prayer and
intercession service arranged by the
Church League for Women’s Suffrage
in Hyde Park. "No frills," he added,
pointing, amid laughter, to the frills
ou iiis own sleeves.
“We shall want a religion that will
hold us together. We have had a great
deal too much of individualism in re
ligion. We have had too much of the
ology of the jolly miller who lived on
tlie hanks of the River Dee. who said.
‘I care for nobody, no, not I. and no
body cares for me.’ ”
The boys when they came back from
die front would not want mere sing
ing. or billiurds, diluted with religious
thought, but something stronger and
firmer, he asserted, and with all his
heart he believed we wanted more re
ligion. but a real, living, simple relig
ion.—London Observer.
Speed of the Turtle.
The slowness of the turtle again is
proved, but he gets there just the
same. While hunting on Dantz run in
Delmar township, L. R. Van Horn
found a large mud turtle. He noticed
i steel plate on its back, which bore
the inscription “V. D. G„ 4-15-13.” It
was supposed that these were the ini
ials of V. D. Gross of Tyadaghton. and
Van Horn wrote him a letter.
He replied that he had found the
urtle in Pine creek at Tyadaghton and
put on the plate and turned him loose.
In two years and seven months his tur
tle has traveled 18 miles. Van Horn
nas had a copper plate made with his
initials and address, and he will send
the turtle to some point in the North
Tier and have it liberated.—Wellsboro
<Pa.) Correspondent New York Sun.
Deep-Sea Diving.
“Yes. sir; it seems simple enough to
put on a diving dress and go down into
the sea. but I can assure you that it Is
not quite so easy as it looks,” said a
jeep-sen diver. “The farther one goes
town below the water the greater the
pressure, and. consequently, the labor
and exhaustion of working is greater.
You would probably find 70 feet quite
deep enough for your first dive. The
pressure on your head would be so
great that, not being used to it, your
ears and nose might bleed. In diving
the rate of ascent is important. If
the diver is less than 80 feet below
the surface he can be pulled up two
feet a second with safety; for greater
depths the rate of ascent must bo
In Darkest San Francisco.
A superb marble figure of Christ
typifying “Christianity Emerging From
Paganism,” the work of a famous for
eign artist, exhibited at the Panama
exposition, was offered as a gift to the
city of San Francisco. The women of
that city raised $4,000 to meet the cost
of transportation and material, but
the park commissioners refused the
gift on the ground that “the subject
was a religious one.”—Leslie’s.