The Loup City northwestern. (Loup City, Neb.) 189?-1917, October 14, 1915, Image 1

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Loup City Northwestern
When Schools Reach a Certain Standard They Will Be So
Reported to the State Superintendent and Then
Be Listed As Standard Schools.
At the request of a large number
of people from all parts of the county
we have decided to publish state
ments from time to time relative to
the requirements for a standard rural
school. For the purpose of establish
ing definite standards which will be
conducive to greater care in providing
\ educational facilities for rural children
and also for the purpose of sotting
forth practical ideas, the state super
intendent has prepared a bulletin in
which he gives the twelve minimum
requirements that a rural school must
meet before they may be placed on
the standard schools.
When a school leaches the minimum
requirements it will be reported to
the state department of public instruc
tion by the county superintendent.
All schools receiving a favorable re
port will be published in the list of
standard schools. A standard school
must score one-hundred points, in
eluding the minimum requirments,
out of one hundred and twenty-five.
A school reaching one hundred fifteen
points will be placed among the
schools of merit.
The following are the twelve mini
mum requirements:
1. —Term must be nine months.
2. —Teachers must hold a second
grade certificate or bettter, with at
least twenty-four weeks of normal
training or at least t two years’ suc
cessful experience.
3. Salary of teacher must be at least
fifty-five dollars per month.
4. —School grounds, buildings and
outbuildings must be adequate, clean
and sanitary.
5. Schoole rom must be lighted from
the left or the left and rear of the
pupils, with window area at least 20
per cent of the floor area.
6. —School room must have a heat
ing and ventilation system of some
approved type—at least 200 cubic feet
\ of air for each pupil.
7. —Seats must be individual, adap
ted to the size of the child and proper
ly adjusted.
8. —Outbuildings must be separate,
at least fifty feet apart, clean and sani
9. —School must have plenty of text
books, supplementary readers and
desk dictionaries.
10. —Reference library including
11. —School must be well organized
and teaching efficient.
12. —School must have globe, maps
and plenty of blackboard.
Nebraska Score Card For Standard
Rural Schools.
Ground and Buildings—10 Points.
Ground—Good sizez, with fence,
sod and trees.
Outbuildings—Clean and sanitary
and at least fifty feet apart, or
inside toilet . 5
Teacher—25 Points.
Certificate—Second grade or bet
ter and 24 weeks’ normal train
ing or an equivalent in experi
ence . 2
Salary—J55.00 per month or bet
ter . 2
Professional Spirit—Attendance
at- associations and institutes,
community interest, etc. 5
Daily Preparation—The lesson
should be so thoroughly pre
pared that the teacher is inde
pendent of text book while con
ducting recitations . 4
Instruction — Methods, material
and results . 5
Discipline—School must be well
ordered and free from confusion 5
Organization of School—15 Points.
Program — Well arranged and
posted . 2
Following state course of study,. 2
Number of Recitations. Not to ex
ceed twenty-eight . 2
Thoroughness of Recitations _ 3
Quarterly Reviews and Reports
to Parents . 2
School Spirit — Spirit of confi
dence. helpfulness and co-opera
tion must prevail ..,. 1
Teacher’s Records — Neat, well
classified and complete . 1
Domestic Science—Home kitchen
may be used; hot luncheons, .-r. 1
Agriculture, school gardens (home
project), properly directed.... 1
Building—15 Points.
Outside—Clean and painted __ 2
Inside—Good walls, tinted or pa
pered, and clean ...'. 2
Light — Windows properly ar
ranged and shades . 3
Ventilation—Ventilating system,
j windows . 3
Floor—Smooth, clean and dust
less . 2
Heating—Furnace, room heater or
jacketed stove . 3
Equipment—20 Points.
Blackboard—At least 20 lineal
feet per room, slate or compo
sition, a part of which must be
within reach of primary pupils 3
Desks — Single, properly placed
and suited to the size of pupils 3
Teachers’ desk and chair. 1
Book case, organ or piano . 1
Pictures—Well selected and prop
erly arranged . 1
Maps — County, state, United
States and contingents in case 1
Globe . 1
Library—Well chosen, reference,
dictionary . 3
Bulletins—Domestic Science and
agriculture . 1
Sanitary water supply . “1
Text books and supplementary
Most complete line
ever shown in Loup
City. Prices from
$8 to $15
The Ladies of Loup City
and vicinity are tnvited to
call and see these Cloaks.
All the new colors and styles.
Hub Clothing Store
VICTOR VIENER, Proprietor.
readers . 3
Wash basin, mirror and towels.. 1
Results—20 Points.
Per cent of enrollment on
enumeration . 3
Per cent of attendance on enroll
ment . 5
Number in eighth grade . 2
Per cent of eighth grade comple
tions . 5
Per cent of eighth grade gradu
ates in high schools. 5
Country Life Agencies—20 Points.
Corn club, pig club, garden cltlb.
cooking club, sewing club .._ 2
Vjictrola or other similar instru
ment . l
Promotion exercises—Local. 3
Field Meet . 2
Debating Society . 1
Rural Community Club or School
Improvement club . 5
Hot Lunches . 1
Supervised Play . 2
Playground Equipment. 1
Suggestions on the Score Card.
The Building.
1.—Painting. The preservative pow
er of paint makes it a real economy,
to say nothing of the added attract
iveness. Since the cost is no greater,
the same taste should be used in
painting a school house that we should
use in painting a home.
Interior walls should be papered or
tinted. If the plaster is in bad con
dition, paper is the only remedy. New
walls should be left rough and tinted.
Where there is an abundance of light,
olive side walls with cream ceilings
make a pleasing combination. Con
sidering the effect of color on lighting,
light green or light gray for walls
and white or cream for ceiling will
give the best results.
i 2.—Lighting. The light should come
from the left or left and rear of pupils.
The entire window area should equal
one-fifth of the floor area. The win
dows should be half windows in the
back of the room and the sills should
be about seven feet from the floor.
They should be easily opened for
ventilation, and provided with shades.
The school room should never be
lighted by windows on opposite sides
of the room, nor should pupils or
teacher sit facing a window. The sills
of the side windows should be three
feet or more from the floor.
3. Heating and Ventilating. Build
ing should provide fifteen square feet
of floor space and 200 cubic feet of
air space for each pupil.
Heating should be by jacketed
stove, room heater or furnace. The
bare stove takes up too much space,
roasts those near it and permits those
to freeze who are farther away. The
floors are always cold, and ventilation
is impossible.
The basement furnace is ideal if
properly installed, but very danger
ous if it returns the foul air to the
furnace to be reheated and returned
to the room. Such a system should
take fresh air from outside and must
have a foul air shaft.
Probably the most satisfactory sys
tem for a single room school is one
of the many patent room heaters with
ventilating attachments. These are
very satisfactory, but they must be
properly installed and have a chimney
at least 12x12 inches in the clear on
the inside. Full information regard
ing the operation of these plants may
be had from the companies which
manufacture them.
4. Floors. All floors should be of
hard wood, well matched and
smoothed. Floors should have an oc
casional coat of oil, and should be
swept with a sweeping compound.
Dust is a great germ carrier and a
menace to the health of pupils and
1. Seating. Fully fifty per cent of
our school children are being injured
by sitting six hours each day in posi
tive discomfort due to improper ad
justment of desks. A schoolroom
j should be seated with single, adjust
able desks. If the old desks are too
good to discard, they should be rear
ranged with desks of the same size
in a row, never permitting the “step
ladder” arrangement whereby a pupil
sits on a high seat aiyl bends over a
low desk. Most desks are too far
apart, requiring a pupil to sit on the
front of the seat and reach for the
desk. The back of the desk should
extend about two inches over the
front of the seat... Under no condition
should a pupil sit where his feet do
not reach the floor. Nearly every
school house needs more desks for
the smmall pupils. If indoubt regard
ing the size of desks needed, consult
the county superintendent.
2. Water. Growing children need
a great deal of water. If the water
supply Is not properly safeguarded,
children risk their health every day.
The ideal system would include a
good well with pressure tank and a
drinking fountain. With such a water
supply, the school could also have in
door closets.
When the school does not have a
well, the board should arrange to have
water carried or hauled from a neigh
boring farm house. The water should
be stored in a large stone jar with
faucet or in a sanitary drinking foun
tain. If the jar is used, pupils should
have individual drinking cups. No
surer method for the spread of dis
ease can be conceived than the open
water pail, and common cup.
3. Library. The library should be
a district library available for any
resident of the district. If but few
books may be had, they should be
selected for -a working reference li
brary for the school. This should in
clude a large dictionary and a five or
six-volume encyclopedia. Such an en
cyclopedia may be purchased direct
for about half the price asked by
agents. When ordering new books,
do not forget primary pupils and be
ware of worthless fiction. A simple
system of recording and charging
these library books, when taken from
the schoolhouse, should be kept in
every district. New books should be
added each year or pupils and patrons
will lose interest in the library. If you
are in doubt about the selection of
books consult the county superin
4. Miscellaneous Equipment. It is
almost impossible to get too much
blackboard, and at least a part of it
should be within reach of the primary
pupils. Slate makes the best black
board, but where the cost is prohibi
tive, a composition board will give
good service for a number of years.
Book cases should be built in, if pos
sible. Otherwise sectional cases are
most convenient. Better one good
picture well framed and properly
placed than a multitude of cheap
prints. Wash basin, mirror and towels
should be provided by the district
and used by pupils.
Grounds and Outbuildings.
1. Grounds. Every school ground
should be fenced in order that grass
and trees may be protected. The most
satisfactory fence is made of gaspipe
running through heavy posts. This
thus provides a fence that is prac
tically indestructible and may be used
as a hitching rack. If possible, the
front of the school ground should be
given over to lawn. The side and
rear of the grounds should be planted
with trees, leaving plenty of room
for play.
2. ' Outbuildings. Where a district
can meet the expense inside. closets
should be provided. Where this is
not possible, they should be provided
at least fifty feet apart. They should
be sand-painted to discourage whit
tling and marking and should be kept
clean at all times. The teacher should
lock them when school closes and un
lock them in the morning, thus provid
ing for inspection twice a day. These
buildings should be absolutely fret
from marks of any kind.
The Teacher.
If good teachers are essential in
town schools, even more so are they
in the rural schools, for they must
solve most of their problems without
assistance from supervisors and are
always crowded for time.
The*-' rural teacher must understand
country conditions and be able to live
in the country.
If your teacher is properly inter
ested in her work, she will take
teachers’ magazines and attend
teachers’ meetings and institutes. In
addition she must make some prepara
tion for each day’s work.
No school can be efficient that is
hot thoroughly organizezd. The rural
teacher has so many classes that a
well arranged program is an absolute
necessity. School boards and parents
must give their approval to a reason
able combination of classes or hire
more teachers. The teacher should
follow the course of study as nearly
as the text books in use will permit.
Quarterly examinations should be
given and reports sent to parents. The
register should be kept as farefully
as a merchant keeps his books.
Though the school plant be perfect
and the teacher efficient, the school
is a failure unless the attendance is
regular and the pupils complete the
course. School authorities should see
that all pupils are regular in their at
tendance at school.
Country Life Agencies.
If we are to hold the boys and
girls in the country, we must make the
country school and country life more
attractive. Every one of the agencies
listed in the score card has been
tried in schools, and have proved a
success. Practically any meeting that
gets the people of the district together
in the name of the school, is worth
while. To better school conditions,
we mpst bring parent to see conditions
as they actually exist and compare
them with the ideal.
While returning home from a party
last Saturday night in their big
Franklin car Fritz Bichel and family
met with an accident which might
have terminated more seriously. They
were all more or less bruised and
shaken up but no bones were broken.
While climbing a long hill and
about half wav the steering rod
broke and all conn o! of the car was
lost. The machine backed down the
hill and fell over the side of a culvert
into a draw about ten fet below. Mrs.
Bichel jumped, but was pinned under
the car, as was one of the daughters.
The accident occured near the old
Stark place, and is a bad piece of
road. It was indeed fortunate that
Mr. Bichel and family escaped with
their lives. All the injured members
of the family are recovering nicely.
German Evangelical.
Choir practice Friday evening at
8 p. m. The Ladies’ Aid society will
meet Thursday, October 21st at 2 p.
m. at the home of Mrs. Henry Ohlsen.
The harvest festival of the German
Evangelical St. Pauls church will be
celebrated Sunday, October 24th.
You are invited to atend.
The first teachers’ examination for
the school year 1915-16 will be held
November 18th and 19th, 1915.
County Superintendent.
Three head of yearling steers and
one yearling Hereford bull.
South one-half of Sec. 13, township
16, North Range 14. Inquire of J.
J. Slominski, Loup City, Nebr. 4-4
Sum of $11,000,000,000 to Be Raised by Increasing the Income
Tax Forty Per Cent—Cost to Other Nations Will
Be As Great If Not Greater Than England.
The British government is prepar
I mg during the next year to raise $11,
I 000,000,000 in order to meet the esti
mated expenditure that the war is
causing and to cover the existing de
ficit at the present time.
It is difficult for any one to compre
hend this vast amount of money and
only as some comprehension is gained
of it, can there come a realization of
the enormous expense that the war is
entailing on European countries.
How is Great Britain going to raise
this eleven billion dollars of money?
Here are a few of the provisions of
the bill prepared by the chancellor of
the exchequer: There will he an in
crease made of 40 per cent on the in
come tax in that country and that na
tion now pays a very high tax in this
way. In making this increase, the ex
emption limit that is now $800 in that
country will be reduced to $650 so that
every person having an income in
Britain of $650 will pay an income tax
in addition to all other taxes. The
effect of the increase of 40 per cent
on the income tax there will bring
$187,000,000 in additional revenue. The
man in Great Britain with an income
of $100,000 will pay under the new
provision, an income tax of $30,145;
almost one-third of his income will go
to the government through the income
Another tax that will be added prac
tically to the income tax, is a tax on
war profits. This is a tax that will he
levied on all profits which have in
creased during the war and this tax
is extended to all trades and agencies.
This wTar profit tax will be 50 per cent
above the income tax; under the pro
increase of taxes, the duty on sugar
in Great Britain will be fixed at $2.24
per hundred. Every consumer of sugar
will pay this tax. The duty on tea and
tobacco will be increased 50 per cent
above the present duty on those arti
cles. The tax on patent medicines of
every kind will be increased a hun
dred per cent. The man who now buys
a bottle of medicine in that country
will pay' double for it under the new
provisions. .Other taxes are the im
posing of a duty of 33 1-3 per cent
ad valorem on automobiles, moving
picture films, watches, musical instru
ments, plate glass and hats. This will
make those articels cost direct, 33 1-3
per cent more to the consumer than
heretofore. The automobile that has
cost a thousand dollars, will cost $1,
333; the watch that has cost $30 will
cost the buyer $40 and every man that
wears a hat will pay one-third more
for his headgear than heretofore.
Another change is that in the postal
charges and telephone and telegraph
charges. The English government
will do away entirely with its penny
postage. Every article going for that
price will pay double in the future,
and the parcels post rates will he
greatly increased. Telegraph rates
are increased one-third under the pro
posed bill and there will a proportion
ate increase in telephone rates. One
of the remarkable things in connec
tion with this tremendous increase in
taxes on the British people, is that
spirits and beer will remain untouched
in their revenues under the new
This is the burden that Great Brit
ain is taking on because cf the war.
Undoubtedly the other nations in
volved are being obliged to adopt
similar measures for raising revenue.
The fact is that Great Britain thus
far has not had so heavy a burden
in maintaining the war put upon it
as Frrnce, Germany and Russia. We
hear little concerning these countries
and the measures adopted by them to
raise the enormous amount of money
that the war is calling for, but what
is happening to Great Britain is a fair
insight of what is coming to every
other country and is a most pointed
illustration of the high cost of war to
the European nations.
A few young cockerels for sale at
a reasonable price if taken at once.
WANTED-—A man to pick corn, or
to work for the winter.
For the next thirty days I will pay
$4.00 a ton for your old cast iron.
Keep your rods, straps and shafts
to use yourself. O. S. MASON.
Insist on This Label when you buy roofing
hoofing quality cannot be determined in advance
by _nyhir.d of test*, no matter how scientific, and
in order to protect you from taking such risks we
attach this label cf quality to every roll of our
highest quality Roofing, giving the purchaser a definite
guaranteed sendee, backed by the largest Roofing
ard Building Paper Mills in the World. You get this
label only when you buy
Many cheap roofings
hear labels that were
formerly put on better
goods—some manufact
urers and some jobbers
cannot meet keen com
petition, so cut the qual
ity, but use the same label. Such labels
often mean little or are misleading.
1- ply guaranteed 5 years
2- ply guaranteed 10 years
3- ply guaranteed 15 years
Certain-teed Roofing has
made good on the roof for
many years. Every fifth
roll of Roofing made in the
United States and Canada
bears the Ccrtain-teedlabel.
By reason of our large vol
ume we can make the best
Roofing and sell it at prices that were for
merly charged for roofings of lower quality.
Certain-teed products are sold by your local dealer. Be sure you get the label.
General Roofing Manufacturing Company
World's largest manufacturers of Roofing and Building Papers
New York City Chicsfo Philadelphia St.Loois Boston Cleveland Pittsburgh Detroit San Francisco
Cincinnati Minneapolis Kansas City Seattle Atlanta Houston London Hamburg Sydney
Certain-teed products are sold by Hansen Lumber
Depositors in this bank have the additional security of the De
positors Guarantee Fund of the State of Nebraska.
I Either Way or Both
! _ Just as you are reading this advertisement,
i so have many others read similar advertise
Er ments of this Bank and opened accounts at our
i invitation.
| How will you deposit?
= To have your money subject to check?
= To have it earn 5 per cent interest from date
S of deposit? v
| You have your choice—you'can do both—when
= you bank here.
( Loup City State