The Loup City northwestern. (Loup City, Neb.) 189?-1917, September 22, 1904, Supplement, Image 9

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^Irrigation Will Change Deserts to Gardens and
^ Provide Lands for Millions of Homes. |
Policy that Increases the Sum of Human
Happiness and Enlarges and Strength
ens the Republic.
When President Roosevelt said. “I
Belong west of the Missouri
RIVER.” he spoke from his heart. It
Ij not that he loved the east less,
the west more.
le felt that, in a certain way, the
utry at large did not properly appre
te this crude, big brother, whose
iderful development and accomplish
es are destined to bring the greatest
te and riches to the family—the Na
i. He got acquainted with this big
ther and found out that he was worth
miug and saving. He started out at
e upon his patriotic aud philanthropic
Ir. Roosevelt firmly believes there is
hing too good for the west. He has
that section next to its immeasur
e future, by the National Irrigation
which, it is universally admitted.
Id not have become a law without
urgent personal influence in the
use, any more than without his sig
nature as President. Then, there is his
“Open Door” policy in China, and the
■Manama Canal, assured as a permanent
iflpghway to the world’s commerce. These
^measures are vitally associated with the
r west.
Know* and Love* the West,
tir No other President has ever spoken at
such length or so explicitly on the sub
ject of irrigation. It is equally true that
no other President ever had so wide an
acquaintance with the subject as Mr.
Roosevelt possesses. He is, as it were,
nu adopted c-luhl of the west and knows
its wants and sympathizes with them.
The proposed reservoirs in connection
| with the reclamation service will hus
I band for the great empire beyond the
| Mississippi the waters necessary to add
I the desert reaches there to habitations
\ and productivity. This will insure the
enduring qualities of his fame. His
knowledge of the west shines through
all his utterances. He holds that irri
gation is the coming necessity, and that
by it our natural resources can be un
covered to a degree undreamed of and
our population and industry more than
doubled within our contiuental limits.
His work here will mark the special
achievement of his administration, and
his irrigation proclamation will go down
in history as one of of the greatest acts
of any President.
Potency of National Act,
The National Irrigation Act is gauged
on an honest, intelligent, extensive plan,
■well considered, and will be wisely car
ried out. By it we will be able as a
nation to add to all former triumphs of
this Republic new illustrations of our
power to do things. By a system of
judicious forestry almost the entire area
can be re-forested, in a hundred years.
The climate could be changed and im
proved. We could give an impetus to
every kind of trade, which, with our
new advantages in the Orient, would
more than double the volume of our
present commercial traffic. In this area
of intense agricultural and horticultural
development will be created a field for
♦he exercise of every kind of skill and
every attainment of handicraft. Here
many of the vexed social and economic
questions are destined to be settled. In
giving to the Nation a race of land
owners, a race of men and women will
be insured who, by interest, instinct and
choice, will be patriots.
Innate Home-Ownlnc Desire.
There is an innate desire in the heart
of the Anglo-Saxon American to own
a home. There is nn inherent yearning
of the common people, apparent on every
page of history, to own in fee simple
some portion of the earth. The desire
is still as keen as it ever was. Of all
of our wealth producing class, the farm
er needs a home most. lie must have
land, he should by all means own it.
His farm need not be so large as some
suppose, but it should belong to the
farmer, not to some one else. This is
not only self-evident because of the ad
vantages to the farmer, but because of
its advantages to the Nation at large.
It is the cornerstone of our National
life; it lies at the root of all true pa
triotism and ail social improvement and
Giv* a man a home upon the soil and
yon have made him a patriot who will
defend your institutions at the ballot
box or on the battle field. Open the
doors of this great arid west, with th"
key of National Irrigation, and you nee’
not worry about the future. Let the
people have easy access to the land an l
most of our other troubles will settle
themselves. The property owner is a
conservative man who loves his family
and his country. Let th% property own
ers be as numerous as possible.
Hope for Honest Toll.
The National Irrigation Act, passed
by a Republican Congress at Mr. Roose
velt’s earnest request and ns a result
of his personal efforts, has already be
gun its work of measureless good t *
American citizenship. It is placin..
within the reach of the landless man
our manless land. It is to speak with
n voice that cannot be misunderstood.
By combining the two powerful factors
of irrigation and reclamation, in its up
building work of the Nation, its mis
sion will be well night irresistible. It
will lift from the pathway of the bread
winner the dead weight of poverty and
congestion which has obstructed our na
tional progress, created internecine strug
gles between capital and labor and
threatened to shipwreck our future pros
Expansive Arena of Action.
The arid region, extending in the main
from the Missouri River to the Pacific
Ocean and from Mexico to Canada, em
braces an area, generally speaking, o.'
about 1J500 miles either way. Here is
w«h#rt Is known as arid America. Tlu
country abounds in mountains, plains
and valleys. It is here that the govern
ment proposes to apply the workings of
the National Irrigation Act and to re
claim all of the arid land which may
be ascertained to be arable and which
is found to be susceptible of reclama
tion by the amount of water available.
Government experts estimate that the
present amount of land which may he
irrigated is about one hundred million
acres. This can be reclaimed by apply
ing the amount of water now available,
direct. It is also estimated that after
irrigation lias been applied to the soil
for three or four years, a less quantity
of water is necessary and hence an ad
ditional area of perhaps fifty millions
acres more may possibly be added to the
reclamation area.
Nature Did the Needful.
Nature seems to have employed every
resource at its command to make the
mountain and plain region the most fav
ored portion of the earth’s surface for
the habitation of man. This section will
oue day be the seat of empire of the
United States, and. consequently, the
world. For a distance of more than a
thousand miles there are successive
chains of mountains, in general course
running north and south aud on parallel
lines, with numerous valleys occupying
the immediate ground.
Each valley, large or small, has its
stream, carrying, with rapid fall, the
melting snows of the tributary moun
tains. The grades in general favor the
operation of irrigating eauals which
take the water from streams aud carry
it at a moderate fall to lines above
the cultivated land. As the spring sea
son advances, the rainfall decreases, the
crops need more and more water, which
is furnished automatically by the gradual
increase of the temperature along and
up the mountain side, reaching the light
est deposit of snow first, and then, during
the later and hotter months, drawing
upon the reserve of the deeper and less
easier melted ice at the higher altitudes.
Fertility of Arid Boil.
Under the rains of centuries much of
the soluble plant foods in eastern soils
have been washed into the sea. Where
no rainfall exists the plant food remains.
The government analyses of soils show
that the arid lands average three times
as much i*>tash. six times as much mag
nesia and fourteen times as much lime
as the humid lands. Any farmer will
tell you that a limestone country is a
rich country. To replace the food taken
by growing plants the eastern farmer
resorts to fertilizers and manure. Start
ing with a rich soil, the irrigationist also
finds fertilizing strength in the water he
uses. The mannrial value held in solu
tion in 315 inches of water—the amount
applied to one acre in a season at the
University of Arizona—amounted to
$3.07. Ten acres under irrigation aver
age better returns than 40-acre crops, in
the usual way.
Land Very Valuable.
In those communities of the west
which have been created by irrigation,
the average yield of wheat, potatoes and
small fruits far exceeds that of the best
farming district in Iowa or Missouri
or the best part of the Mississippi Val
ley. Although comparatively remote
from the world's markets for products,
an acre of land under water rights in
the very heart of the arid region, will
command a higher price than an acre in
the humid Mississippi Valley. The farm
ers have learned that 40 acres, well till
ed. will yield more profit than 4ii0 acres
farmed in the old. haphazard way. In
tensive farming and larger profits from
smaller farms are making closely settled
communities, establishing nearby neigh
l>ors, schools, churches and libraries, and
the isolation of old farm life no longer
exists. The farmer makes more money,
and the deadly monotony of life does
not drive his children from home, or
his wife to the insane asylum.
Roosevelt Immortalized, •
The passage of the National Irriga
tion Act is tantamount to saying that
the west is already redeemed—it is now
only a question of time. Perhaps no
law has been passed since the founda
tion of this government winch has been
or can be so prolific in great and last
ing results to the United States. No
Ihav has ever been enacted which will
add so much stability, wealth, happi
ness and general prosperity to the peo
ple and the government as the National
Irrigation Law.
Here is a neAv field for the most hope
ful speculation. It cannot be that any
human mind has yet been able to esti
mate the far-reaching, the fruitful re
sults which will folioAT in the wake of
this National Aat. Lincoln is immortal
ized for his Emancipation Proclamation.
Iloosevelt will be immortalized because
he has done that which will set free
from the thraldom of the congested cen
ters of population, millions of families
who can and will feel grateful to him
and his memory as they sit under their
own vine and figtree and enjoy all the
comforts and contentment of their new
and enlarged life of health, happiness
and usefulness.
Make it easy for the average citizen
to become a land owner and you
strengthen tenfold his allegiance and de
votion to his country and family. Mil
lions can now get homes in the irrigated
West, under the Natioual Irrigation
By actual test in southern California
it has been found—counting the urban
and rural populations together—that one
and one-half acres of irrigated land will
support one person, and it is estimated
that this can ultimately be reduced' to
a aingle acre for each individual.
(Reproduced from Philadelphia Inquirer.)
A sad blow—burying the first-born In Vermont.
Facta Which It Is Desirable to Bear
in Mind.
Evidently Judge Parker has lost track
of the fact that the United States has
become a billion-dollar country, while
be has been dreaming away his man
hood on the bench at Albany. Otherwise
it is impossible to account for his ac
ceptance of “the Republican challenge
to a comparison of Democratic and Re
publican administrations.*’
If there is any issue before the Ameri
can people upon which the Republicans
are more ready to appeal to the voters
than another, it is that relating to the
administration of national finances. But
they will not let Judge Parker, or the
hungry aggregation of Democratic edi
tors to whom he addressed his Rip Van
Winkle remarks, ignore the fact that
the United States of 1904 deals with
billions, where in Cleveland's first ad
ministration its finances could be dis
cussed in terms of nine figures. Neither
will they permit him to compare net
expenditures under Cleveland with ex
traordinary appropriations under Mc
Kinley and Roosevelt.
n lien he makes his comparisons be
tween the expenditures of 1S85-1888 with
those of 1901-1903 he will not be per
mitted to ignore such facts as the in
crease in postal expenditures from $50,
942.415 in 1885 to $138,784,487 in 1903.
and that the excess of expenditures on
account of the postal service over re
ceipts last year was only $4,500,044, as
compared with $8,381,572.
As an index of the growth of the Uni
ted States in every direction that marks
advance in national welfare there can
be no better standard than the increased
use of an ever improving and extending
mail service.
Neither will Judge Parker nor the edi
tors to whom lie unbosomed a choice
medley of ideas from the wit and wis
dom of Samuel J. Tilden and Grover
Cleveland, be permitted to “point with
Democratic pride" to the enforced econ
omies of Cleveland’s second term 1893
1896, without being confronted with the
following deficits that waited on Demo
cratic policy and Democratic adminis
1894 .$09,803,261
1895 . 42.805,223
1890 . 25.203.240
With no exceptional expenditures, over
$260,000,000 was added to the public
debt during Cleveland’s term.
And when they are discussing the
expense of running the government of
a people that has increased nearly 50 per
cent, in population and more than 100
per cent, in wealth since Grover Cleve
land was first inaugurated, Republicans
will not forget to remind American vo
ters of such billion-dollar facts as these:
money in circulation.
1885. 1903.
$1,292,568,615. $2,367,602,169.
Deposits in National Ranks,
$1,106,376,517. $3,260,993,509.
Deposits in Savings Ranks.
$1,005,172,147. $2,935,204,845.
Deposits in State Ranks,
$344,307,916. $1,814,570,163.
Deposits in Loan and Trust Companies.
$188,417,203. $1,589,398,790.
Total Imports.
$577,527,329. $1,025,719,237.
Total Exports.
$742,189,755. $1,420,141,679.
(Estimated on Census returns for 1SS0, 1890
and 1900.)
1885. 1903.
$14,000,000,000. $22,000,000,000
<ai Value of Farm Animals.
$2,456,428,383. $3,102,515,540.
Production of Minerals.
$427,898,680. $1,260,649,265.
Freight tons carried one mile by Railways.
Tons. Tons.
52.802,070,529. 172,221,278.993.
(at 1.04 cents per (at .763 cents per
ton mile.) ton mile.)
Wages in Manufacturing Industry.
1 1 ( WML
$847,953,795. $2,328,691,254.
Bewildering and incomprehensible as
are these billions in many respects, they
jet present a demonstration of the
growth of our country so clear and sim
ple as to be within the comprehension of
a child. Only one word need be added
to rectify what might be an erroneous
impression from the figures as to the
value of farm animals (a). During the
second administration of Cleveland this
value shrank from $2,483,506,681 in
1803 to $1,727,926,084 in 1896, from
which it has since risen to over $3,100.*
It almost seems as if the earth and
the kino refused to bring forth their
natural increase under a Democratic ad
First Voter* Read This.
Roosevelt and Fairbanks are both
young men, as are a majority of the lead
ers of the Republican party. If you
believe in progress, if you want to see
our country the richest and its people
the most contented and prosperous on
the face of the earth, if you believe in
throwing open the doors of opportunity
to young men, if you do not believe that
smoke-stacks are a proper place for
cob-webs and birds’ nests, if you would
rather hear the whirr of revolving wheels
than the murmur of discontent, if you
believe in happiness instead of unhap
piness, if you believe in courage and
honesty, if you believe in frankness in
stead of secrecy, if you believe in deeds
rather than promises, if you believe in
reason rather than ignorance, then cast
your first Presidential vote for Roose
velt and Fairbanks.
Adjectives for Which Parker's Fol
lowers Have No Use.
“We know what we mean when we
speak of an honest and stable currency,”
said President Roosevelt in his speech
of acceptance.
In no official utterance of the Demo
cratic party, or of its candidates for
President or Vice President during the
last eight y«%rs. have the adjectives
“honest” or "stable” ever been used to
designate the kind of currency Democ
racy demanded, and this notwithstanding
the Democratic phrase makers will use
adjectives freely and recklessly when
ever they have any “paramount” or
“tantamount” idea to advance, like in
the platform adopted at St. Louis, which
said “the existing Republican adminis
tration has been SPASMODIC. ER
Alton B. Parker says the gold stand
ard is “irrevocably established.” but he
does not say that his own personal be
lief in it as affording an “HONEST
irrevocably established, nor, furthermore,
that he deemed the Democratic party
wrong, when in Congress, in 1899, it al
most to a man voted against the estab
lishment of the gold standard.
As the gold standard of value was
then "irrevocably established.” not by
the Democratic party, but by the Repub
lican party, the only gold standard that
the Democratic party can honestly claim
to have “irrevocably established" is the
gold standard of silence on a subject on
which it never did talk except to lower
itself in the estimation of intelligent peo
ple. and to breed apprehension in busi
ness circles.
He Does Not Understand the Attitnde
of Parker.
Joseph Pulitzer did not attend the
gathering of Democratic editors which
met and communed recently with the
Democratic candidate for the presidency,
but he wrote a letter, of which this was
the concluding paragrapu:
It Is because I so strongly desire Judge
Farkcr's election that I speak so plainly on
this subject. I earnestly beg of you when
you see him to-morrow at Esopus. to urge
that he accept also the full responsibility of
his position; that he will not permit'the
campaign in New York—the pivotal State—
to be mismanaged by the small politicians
who beset him.
“Bespt!” “Beset.” indeed! Little is
Alton B. Parker "beset” by the small
politicians to whom Pulitzer alludes,
those who have, for years, been the vas
sals of David Bennett Hill or among
the operators for Tammany. Alton B.
Parker has been one of them himself.
Foxy political manager for Hill, who
repaid him by an appointment, and who,
in the present year, has repaid him fur
ther, he is not likely to be “beset” by his
own associates. Mr. Pulitzer must be
wandering in his mind. It is upon those
from whom he wishes Mr. Parker to dis
sociate himself that Mr. Parker depends
for whatever vote he may get in New
York—Tammanyites and the Hill hench
The Pleased Democracy.
The Donkey—Sky, bnt this is fine;
That’s the first time I’ve been able to
make these two wings work together in
ten years.—Minneapolis Jonraal.
It Expands Under Republican and Col*
lapses Undfer Democratic Policies.
One of the great arguments of the
free traders has been that with free
trade we would have a<vess to the "mar
kets of the world.” Well, the only time
the free traders have had control of
the government in recent years was in
the second Cleveland administration.
They did not put actual free trade into
operation, but they came close enough
to it to put most of the factories of
this country out of operation. We did
not got the markets of the world. They
may have been open to us, but our man
ufacturers were going out of business so
fast, under the ruinous tariff schedules
the Democrats had put into effect, that
they could not seek the markets of the
world. Their own home market, the best
one t<> them, was invaded by cheap for
eign goods, however.
Then the protective tariff system was
reinstated by the people of this country,
and immediately the factories began to
turn their wheels again. Within ten
years we have demonstrated that the
way to get the markets of the world
is to protect our own market against
invasion, build up our industries, and
then branch out for foreign trade.
We have not had anything like free
trade within those ten years, and yet we
arc selling millions of dollars’ worth of
goods every year in the “markets of the
In Congress, last winter. Congressman
Hill, of Connecticut, told of a recent
visit he had made abroad. He said:
“I stood on the deck of a Japanese liner
in the harbor of Vladivostok, Russian
Siberia. In the hold of that ship was
over 700 tons of American agricultural
implements that had come across the
Pacific ocean from America for the use
of the peasants of Siberia, and shipped
there under the Dingiey tariff bill. That
night at the hotel I met the represent
ative of a locomotive works in Phila
delphia who told me he had jnst put in
150 locomotives, for use in the Siberian
railway, shipped there under the Ding
lev tariff law.
“.Next day I rode 500 miles up the
banks of the Amur river over American
steel rails shipped there under the
Dingiey tariff law. Then I got aboard
a steamer to go up the Amur 1.500 miles.
It was American built, towed two steel
barges made in Pittsburg, shipped there
under the Dingiey tariff law.
“In the village of Gorbitza, Siberia,
ten thousand miles from here, the vil
lage consisting of a dozen log houses,
iu a little store not over 8 by 10, we
bought a package of candy, wrapped in
paper on which was printed the picture
of William McKinley, to popularize that
candy among the peasants of Siberia,
all shipped under the Dingiey tariff
That looks as if we had a slice of
the markets of the world, but we never
^rot anywhere near them under Demo
cratic tariff ideas.
Vila* Arraigns Hia Own Party.
Former Senator Vilas attended the
Wisconsin Democratic State convention
held at Oshkosh, where harmony was
lacking, and made this statement in
closing the debate on the adoption of
the platform:
I came to the Democratic State Conven
tion hoping for harmony and was joyful
In that hope. But I find here that the
Democratic party is nothing, knows noth
ing about the great principles on which it
was founded and which has made it a
power, and must throw itself a wav on a
mere question of political machinery in
jected by crafty politicians.
Mr. Vilas has been a long time in
finding out what a majority of the vot
ers of the nation learned years ago.
We are not constrained to keep silent
on any vital question! we arc divided
on no vital question! oar policy is con*
tinnous, and is tha same for all sec*
tions and localities. There is nothing
experimental about the government
we ask tbe people to continue in power,
for our performance in the past, our
proved governmental efficiency, is a
guarantee as to our promises for the
future.—President Roosevelt.
One private reclamation project near
Phoenix, Ariz., created a taxable prop
erty of over ten million dollars in less
than twenty years, and that from land
practically worthless until irrigated.
It was uader President Harrison's
Republican administration in 1S91 that
the first Federal forest reserve was es
tablished. This was the beginning of
actual growth in national forestry.
At the average rate of increase in the
past we will have over 160.000.000 peo
ple in the United States within ?ae
next 30 years. The west must supply
most of these with homes.
(Henry Gassaway Davis’ favorite poem
is “Exeelsior.”—Current note.)
The shades of night were falling fast.
When up through West Virginia passed
A youth who held within his hand
A banner with this strange command:
' “Fork over.”
“What seek ye?” cried the ones he met;
“I seek the bar’l; I’ll tiud it yet—
I'll get that check we want, you bet.”
He sang, as Davisward he set:
“Fork over.”
"Try not that task,” the maiden cried;
But only fruitlessly she sighed.
For he replied: “We need the stuff,”
And chortled then in accents gruff:
“Fork over.”
“O. stay, vain youth.” an old man called,
At such self-contidence appalled,
“liost think his name is Giveaway?”
The youth sang, through the dying day,
“Fork over.”
On. on he went, by hill and dale,
Until the night at dawn grew pale.
And then at last, with heart elate,
He murmured to the candidate:
"Fork over.”
He saw the barrel round and fair—
Alasl he saw no buughole there!
The candidate without his spec’s
To read the banner did not vex—
“Fork over.”
"I cannot hear a word.” he sighed.
“You heard when you were notilied!”
The earnest youth at once replied
And then more vigorously cried:
"Fork over.”
* • •
They found him, frozen stiff and cold,
His banner still within his hold—
And now they send no strange device.
They simply say: "We want the price—
Fork over.”
The People Trnet Him Both as Man
and President.
More au<l more, as the presidential
campaign develops, it becomes appar
ent that upon one man the American
people have fixed their affections and
their admiration, and that in him they
repose a seren* and perfect trust. That
man is Theodore Roosevelt.
I'our years ago the Republicans ol
the rank and file demanded the nomina
tion and secured the election of Theo
dore Roosevelt for Vice President.
Against his own wishes, against tne ad
vice of his nearest friends, Roosevelt
accepted the duties forced upon him
bv his enthusiastic admirers.
In the dark days which followed the
assassination of McKinley the beloved,
the old aphorism that "the voice of the
people is the voice of God” was called
to mind as the American nation noted
the gravity, sincerity and thorough com
petency with which the man they had
chosen for Vice President took upon
himself the duties of the Presidency.
As the years have jwissed admiration
and respect for Roosevelt have grown,
until now he is without doubt the most
popular man iu the round world. That
his popularity is well founded no One
who knows the shrewd judgment of
Americans will question. No man can
occupy the Presidential chair for one
year without being justly measured and
estimated by the people whose chief ex
ecutive he is.
From a popular idol, one in whose
personal gifts. manly qualities and
practical work all men delighted, Roose
velt has grown, in these three years, to
be the ideal President of the most pow
erful Republic the world has ever
known, the head of one of the greatest
nations of the earth at the present flay.
Theodore Roosevelt the man—Theo
dore Roosevelt the President—is a fig
ure to be proud of. In every word, in
every act of bis life, there speaks a
clean-minded, courageous-hearted, vig
orous and incorruptible individuality.
He is the champion of civic probity, of
national patriotism, of religious free
dom, a worker for and believer in the
best opisirtuuities for all men. without
regard to class, occupation, theological
opinions, politics or race or color.
The young men of the country have
i.i the Presilient one to whom they can
loyally look as an example of vigorous
manhood, rejoicing as a strong man pre
paring to run a race. The staid citizen,
toiling in the heat of the noonday o-f
life, turns to Roosevelt as his choice out
of all men to hold the cares and re
sponsibilities of the public business in
his clean, competent hands. The old
Republican, he who has borne the brunt
of the last strenuous generation, the vet
eran of the great war for human free
dom and the preservation of the Union,
beholds in Roosevelt a man worthy to
wear the mantle of Lincoln.
The man of the day, the man of the
hour, is Theodore Roosevelt. He is u
great President because he is a great
man. It has come home to every Re
publican within the first weeks of the
campaign that the main strength of the
Republican cause this year is its candi
date for President. Firmly is he set
tled in the affections and the respect of
the American people. All Republicans
will vote for him. and thousands upon
thousands of men from other parties will
vote for him because he is a man of
strong fibre, the sort of man that every
other man naturally loves and trusts.
There is no weak spot in the char
acter of Theodore Roosevelt the man.
There is no “yellow streak.” Outspoken,,
fearless, definitely forceful, his ideas
and opinions are well known to his
countrymen, and hie works are as clean,
as straightforward and clear cut as are
bis ideas.
He will be our next President, and he
will carry with him into the office when
he is elected the entire confidence of tho
American people.
The Witjom ot a Centenarian.
Benjamin Brown, of Ricbview. Illinois,
has been somewhat neglectful concerning
his registration as a voter. Now he has
registered, because he wants to vote for
Roosevelt. The only remarkable feature
about this ease is that Mr. Beujamiu
Brown is just one hundred years of age.
But. after all. even this feature is not
remarkable, because no American citi
zen who has acquired the wisdom of a
hundred years could do anything else
than vote for Roosevelt in this campaign.
To irrigate is to populate. Irrigation
depends for its success upon population.
Colonization is the populating of hrtb*
•rto unoccupied tracts of land.