The Loup City northwestern. (Loup City, Neb.) 189?-1917, July 27, 1900, Image 6

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    Tint ItHlglon of Clitna.
Buddhism 1b the principal religious
faith of the Chinese. Long as this
religion has existed, it Is little under
stood by Americans. Its founder,
Buddha, was born fi23 years before the
Christian era. His theory of deity
embraced a trinity, known as the
Three Precious Ones. The moral code
of the religion contains ten prohibi
tions—killing, stealing, lying, selling
Avine, charging interest on loans,
speaking false of others, self-praise
and back-biting, parsimony and scof
fing, uncorrected anger and reviling
the Three Precious Ones.
The Buddhist church in Thibet has
its pope, its cardinals, Its bishops,
priests and nuns, exactly as has the
Tloman Catholic church. And more.
It has infant baptism, confirmation,
candles, sacred water and processions.
The teachings of Buddha were re
duced to writing 93 B. C. The entire
canon of the faith was complied in
A. I). 400. In this Buddha Is described
as coming from heaven, being born of
a virgin, welcomed by angels, re
ceived by an old saint, presented in a
temple, baptized with water and later
by fire. He is described as astonish
ing the doctors with his understand
ing, was later led into a wilderness,
where he was tempted by the devil,
and thereafter he went about doing
wonders and preaching. He was a
friend to the poor.
It seems doubtful when Buddhism
was introduced into China. It is re
corded, however, that in the year C3
A. D. the emperor, Han-Ming-Ti, had
a vision wherein he saw a great gold
en image around whose head was a
halo, and it was believed it meant
truth. The emperor’s brother, Prince
Tsu, having heard of Buddhism from
India, said the vision was nothing but
the great Buddha. A mission was sent
forth, which returned after some years,
bringing back a wooden image, a
counterpart of the golden one, one
book and a Hindu priest.
The great temple at Pekin, called
the Yung-Ho-Kung, or the Lama
temple, is a Mongol Buddhist monas
tery, in which there are some 1,200
acting priests. Here the dogmas of
Buddhism are taught under the con
trol of a Gagan, or living Buddha.
The studies comprise a course of in
struction in metaphysics, ascetic du
ties, astrology and medicine.
Many Chinese are Confucians. These
follow the teachings of Confucius,
which are the worship of ancestors.
One of the provisions of this creed is
that no son shall live more expensive
ly than his father or mother.
ClilneHe Ildtle*.
Contrary to general supposition, the
deities of the Chinese are not mythi
cal. Each of them is supposed to he
patterned after and to embody the 1
noble traits of some man who has
lived in the past. Confucianism Is
now well understood, and both Bud
dhism and Taoism have been so thor
oughly explored that it is hard to be
lieve that anything of importance re
lating thereto Is to be discovered. At
1 least one more book upon this topic,
! however, remains to be compiled—
! namely, a Chinese mythological dic
| tionary. Such a work should contain
an account of all the principal divini
ties actually worshiped by the Chinese,
with authentic details of such as are
historical, together with a record of
the steps by which many of them have
been promoted in the Chinese pan
theon. until, like Kuan-TI, the god of
war. from very humble beginnings
they have become ’adjuvant of
heaven.” The number of these divin
ities is very large and includes many
that have been continuously worshiped
for over 1,000 years. Whether the
Chinese have ever at any time in their
long history had perception or con
ception of one true Cod, "Father and
Creator of all things,” is a question
that has been long and learnedly dis
cussed by scholarly students of their
classical writings, it is still an open
question. But there is no doubt at all
that for many centuries past they have
worshiped the sun, the moon, the |
stars and a host of ancestral deities. |
All the gods of China may be said to
have been dead men, and, by the right
of ancestral worship, it may be
affirmed that in a sense all the dead
men of China are gods. Temples are
constantly erected, by the consent of
the emperor, to men who, while living,
have in various wrays distinguished
themselves. It is impossible to say
that any one of these men may not, in
the slow evolution of ages, rise to the
highest place among the national di
vinities. There can, therefore, be no
doubt whatever that as a nation the
Chinese are polytheistic.
Chlnenu Sij|n ri(illijn.
Similar in some respects to the cele
bration of ('hristmas in Christian
countries is the observance of the
devil's birthday in China. On this an
niversary many costly gifts are laid
upon the altar of the evil one. There
are many other superstitions current.
In sending the kitchen god to heaven
every year, the Chinese housekeeper
has to burn it and let the fumes as
cend. It reports on the good deeds of
the family for the year and brings
good luck. Before burning it the
housewife dips her finger in a Jar of
molasses and smears the upper and
lower lip of the idol, so that when he
arrives at the pearly city he may tell
a sweet tale on the family and thus in
sure benedictions. A family, when
gambling, will cover the eyes of the
idol until the card playing is through.
A woman in Luhoh city went to the
temple to pray for the recovery of her
son from smallpox. He recovered, but
was marked with the effects of the di
sease. She returned to the temple in
a great rage, put a coll of rope around
the Idol'.s neck and soused it several
times in the river, saying: “I’ll teach
you to lose your benign influence, you
Cf'iiilon* to Foreign I’lmfnt.
Each conflict in which China has en
gaged has resulted in a loss of terri
tory. The principal cessions made by
the Mongol government as the price of
peace have been the following: The
Island of Formosa was ceded to Japan
in 1895, after the war with China. In
1897 Germany seized the port of Kiou
Chou on the east coast of the Shan
tung peninsula. her excuse for bo doing
being a massacre of missionaries
which had taken place therp. Two
months later she received from China
a ninety-nine year lease of the port
and district. In 1898 Russia obtained
from China a twenty-five-year lease
of Fort Arthur, Talienwan and their
adjacent territories and waters. The
lease can be extended by mutual j
agreement. The same year the Chi
nese government gave permission for
Great Britain to occupy Wei-Hai-Wel
for as long a period as Russia shall
hold Port Arthur. To compensate |
France for the concessions given to
Great Britain and Russia a ninety
nine-year lease was given her of the
bay of Kwang-Chau-Wan, on the
coast opposite the island of Hainan,
and last year two islands at the en
trance of the bay were definitely ceded
to her. Hong-Kong was ceded to
Great Britain in 1841.
Tlio tliln«ne Trentf.
The treaty between the United j
States and China negotiated in 1858
and proclaimed In 1860 provided that |
the Chinese government should guar
antee protection to the American min
ister In his Journeys to and from Pe
kin, and should protect him and hts
suite while in Pekin. The treaty of
1868, negotiated by William H. Seward
and Anson Burlingame, provides for
the protection of American citizens,
American property, and American
trade. In article 1 it is declared:
“Nothing in this article shall be con
strued to prevent the United States
from resisting an attack by any hostile
power or party upon their citizens or
their property.”
technical Graining.
One of the best testimonials to the
value of technical training as fitting
a young man to become a successful
wage-earner immediately is found in
the report of the Georgia School of
Technology. The school, w’hieh is in
Atlanta, was established In December,
1897, The legislature appropriated $10,
000 on condition that friends of the
school would add $10,000 more. This
was easily raised, and in 1898 about
$20,000 worth of machinery and $13,500
of material was given it. The textile
department, which is said to be one of
the beet in the country, was a new fea
ture of education in Georgia, and one
that became popular at once. Instruc
tion is given in manufacture of all
grades of cotton goods, in manual
training, chemistry, dyeing, design
ing, and engineering. The report of
the institution states) that of the nine
ty-four living graduates all but nine
are employed in pursuits for which
they have been fitted by their training
at the school. They are mechanical
engineers, superintendents of cotton
mills, in machine shops, chemical fac
tories, oil mills, and other establish
ments of the same kind, nearly all be
ing in positions of authority and com
manding good wages. No better evi
dence of the practical value of practi
cal training could be asked than this.
The Late Senator Gear.
The late Senator Gear was one of
the most familiar figure* at the capi
tal. having been a member of the Fif
tieth. Fifty-First and Fifty-Second
Congress, and a senator for the last
six years. He was re-elected to tha
Senate by the Iowa legislature last
winter, but the present term will not
benator Gcur.
expire umu next
March. He was
also assistant sec
retary of the treas
ury under Presi
dent Harrison, aft
er he was defeated
for re-election to
the Fifty-Second
Congress. In the
House of Repre
sentatives he was
one of the most
industrious mem
bers, and also one
oi cue nearest-neaaea Business mem
bers. He was a member of the ways
and means committee in the Fifty
First Confess, which framed the Mc
Kinley tarifT bill, and his knowledge
of business affairs made him one of
the valued advisers of Chairman Mc
Kinley. who intrusted to him the fram
ing of the tree-sugar clause in that
work. The sobriquet of "Old Busi
ness” given to Mr. Gear while gov
ernor of Iowa followed him to Wash
ington, and in the House and in the
Senate he was familiarly called "Old
The franchises of nearly 1,000 cor
porations in Texan have been revoked
because of their failure to pay the
state taxes.
u.NK or the nua;»:in or the native mi ahikh or 1‘Ekin bi hmii uv the mou4 or ctiiNrjk
A $50 Wheel Bought Direct from Our Factory Costs You Put $22.95
One Year.
Send Us One Dollar
And state whei. rr LADIES’ or
GENTS' bicycle. Gear and Color
wanted, and we will send you our
new 11*00, regular fbo.00 model
preaaC. O. Ib, rnbject to exnrril
IT at your neareat eipr. »* olllie
and If found satlafaetorx a great
bargain, and Evl’AL IN' VAI.l'E
To THE «b000 ANT) 17.10(1
STANDARD .MAKES, pay the ex
preae agent t~~ OB. Icsa the t,no
dollar aent with ol der, and eipreaa
chergre. Ejpreax rharg-« averago
about 11.00 for 600 in I lea
1 Tiled w ith the Intern.-**
tlonnl 11*00,one year guaraa*
teed, pneumatic, single tube tire, .
T n ni* . . l"ror «** or men Tramp. 14 Inch diamond oeamle#* ateel tubing. FLlftfi
JOINTS TJIRoroHoPT. new 1909 model, two piece hanger, hr>;t made, hneet hardens! ami tempered ateet
adjustable bearings throughout, wheel* 98 Inch. 36 spokes to each whwl, full ball hearing with ball retainers
throughout, Highest grad* Indianapolis or detachable llulc chain. 810 Inch, bent padded leather pa<tdle, hamlta
bar up or down turn, the beat EXPANDER IN BOTH ti EAT POST ANIi HANDLE HAP., antifriction 1*1;
l»eiinng. ba l retaining pedal*, heavy leather tool bag. nlrkebplaied wrench, oiler, pump and repair kit. The
Uneat poaalble finish. enameled HLACK. ROYAL BLUE. MAROON OH GREEN Ok-pure toatata
color you wish). All bright parts heavily nickeled on copper. The* flun«t»oiiic»t Wheel Made
Ip ahaolute protection. Every Akron King and gu* en Bicycle N covered by ft
written binding guarantee for one year. Nio old iiiodch 110 worthier »«•< oikI-Iiuim! whaeU.
order your wheel now aud you will anve $M.UU to $3U.0o. You can make fl.VlUO every month filing our
high gradj wheel*. Address
CThe Akron Sewing Machine <% Bicycle Co. ere thoroughly reliable.—Editor. J
iim yrnAo'nm%fIl?OUT A OEHTSM AOVAiiCE.
SEND US YOUR ORUER, etato whether you wbh |.»,n < or man'a
v tf s\e it.|or, h« itfht of frame ai.d tf.*ar wantedami W \\ \\ ||,|, «*|f||»
Till. W IIK.KL < «*. I#, on approval, allow l.i* you t . u.wrate and e*
amine It Inly in* fore you accept It if It Ia not all and more than we
rial in for It. and a \nttnr w heel than you can get for any where near the
price from any cm© el**, n-fuw It and alii nay ali ni.i^ chartrer
ounrivK 77»o -MONTROSE" B icy do o cn
ut our Mjhm’IiiI Atfc-nl’a «;un|ilf prli1© of H* | Qi^V
la the tf re a teat ha rifa In In a hlcyck* * vcr offered. We |fft* rant celt i-'iual
to any $i > w h**i I on the market, and you nr* <1 not are**pt it nor i*nv a /-mil
” you do not rtnd it j * w© renrrscnt. Wear* FA< l.hiu; hh It i k
3J A > 1 F.U’TI Itfrif* a lid take tbl* nnth* *1 of <jil<kly ifi-dminir
•>’* IUOO ilniH I - Thin offer * f a sample whe«l at tula low prim la
made to neeiire a RiDER AGENT in each town to rcpreient ua
and tuk»* order*. inir agent* make money fa«t.
SPrOIFinATIOII^ '-MM or W Inch; ladle».ta Inch. f»e-t
*’■ fcVir IVH I lUllvi Shelby wilful*-.' tut trig wlib fortfed oninr*
tine*, Audi J'-IntM. 1 mi*roved expander devbe to ratten ».< at po*t and
handle bar; > a! Arch * rown , the celebrated .Via* la hubeur d hunger —
the <-afl« *t running known; lf«*ord tire tin- f Mr *| . ..e of the
til' -t #0penal v« tire*. on the market. 1 h* tfenuln* *| llralngi r IlcirU uln
addle; |*edaie. tool* und a«ce**»orle* the bent obtainable. Ki fiin* kdlu
block, maroon or coach preen hltfhlv tinl*hed and ornamented. *•(«*. tal
flmabed ld* k( l!fitf on all hr Itfht |*arl» W« thoroughly teat ©very plena
• t material that tfo* In* > thla machine. Our hlndia* leur’a auae
ant* e bond with e.nh blry*de. •
liorc l"»n> «»ni* - Idintf the *|fl.M»raah In full with order we will
rilkb aerid free a fft nuliu* Hur.ll*k 10.0UU mile barrel pattern ryelo.
meter, or a bitfb ifrade floor pump Y'our money ail ha* k If you are not
|**rfectJy aatlutbd
pUkAD U/UCCI c We do not manufo**turw the cheap d* part*
wflittlwOf merit *tore kind of wheel*. *urh .*-. many new
corwwma •’i»l "•* supply |i<>uw-« advert!-*- and **,JI , hljrh trmU We <-«n furnl*h them
however. ut|5 to'#7 ; nr *9.7% to 912 W) »•.mini* t«- U r d<> not irnaranteo nor r«*<-*m
,,J< fitl ttnffii. HI luin OIMII KIM. o bicycle of any - rie cl • no matter who or boar
cn< a|i, writ.- u* and lt*t ui* tell v<>u how much *-e can f^ive v<nj on f he ram* i a.'litnc
UNABLE to BUY< *'1 r%,<> A ,n‘11 ,K
trlbutin* rmtiiht'xurm f
ii«Afi h <la>a. \\ r
■«l oiU) iM-raon
i i "»ru mw.i I'lruii* purport*
vill .l< >«> out at AO t >|U ta
«»l R 1(1 1.1 UiiUTV
railroad company
*. iih • ’ rr h i hundred a f.i t* > I) If\M» Will I I .a taken In truil*- v% tif<-It wo
h. a No aoriie nhopwurn *amp • ■» uml Vj model* very • In i.p H£tul for INrifaiu IUi.
N unquestioned We refer to any Itanlr • r butlnc** In * htrajfo. or any expre** up
'I'—'-ilLrU"1 >'"M •' * ' r reference fliri'. t fr .*n the larjr* • t hank - In • hloapo If you wish it
today Tht* I *v prlcaindtlww ».m « IhI term* - f * hi pint nt vlwOQt dtipo jl * til
*iUid_rai»ii V'***v * .|vi' name of thi * paper«<i i ompariy. \\ e will mud
Sli/ID YOUR order;
J. L. MEAD CYCLE COMPANY, Chicago. //#
General Banking
Paid up Capital Stock $20,000.
Seaboard National Bank, New York City, N. Y.
Omaha National Bank, Omaha, Nebraska.
An $8.00 DICTIONARY for $1.00
The New Werner Edition of
Webster's Dictionary.
Newly and magnificently illustrated. we offer
you ihe i» *t Dictionary ever put on th< market at
a low price. Thi« new edition contains ninny
■penal features such ua di< tiotuirv ot Svuonvms
and Antonvms, lexicon of foreign phras**, dic
tionary of abbreviation*, colored plates, etc.,
etc. Kernetnlier this is not the cheap book but a
beautifully j.ritite>l edition on fine pa|i r with
thousands of valuable additions of aid to student*
and btuln>ie men If y< u dt>ir»> till* hook, tend
niour • penal offer price, 1 we will send
you this treat dictionary, bound in cloth or send
us $2 00 and wo will tend the samo t«*>k bound In
fall tan iheep, with • beautiful cover design.
Th* handsomest low prlcs-d Dictionary ever pub*
lUlic l K >r every day u«* In Ihe on.ra, home,
► .land library thl* dictionary I* ahaoluitty tut*
wiuali t Forw*rded on receipt of oor *peelal
offer price. Sl ot) for cloth binding or ij.00 for
the full t#» *heef If tt ia .i i
It and <*« will lefU lid von I tnotiev SS rite Ah out
*1 ial illustrated , sta.o* ic, ip tot It or the levu'.
prn » ou bonks FACE. VS t can save you tuuuey.
Address all orders to
Siuiimi |*i itttsiMsd (’impasr.
SI niuf u'Hir- I ■ Akron O,
.into,nr u ieii.,t,i, , K,|
Don't Be Fooled!
inc market is bring flooded
w i.h worthless Imitations of
. ..TEA . ..
To protect the public we call
cepcclal attention to our trade
mark, printed on e*er> pack*
age. Ilcmand the genuine.
Fur Sale bj all Druggist*
A $4.00 BOOK FOR 75cts.
The Farmers’ Encyclopedia.
Everythin? per
taining to the af
fairs of the (arm,
household and
stock raisin?. Em
brace* arlliks nu
the horse. the ■ git,
horse hal-its, ilia
i ast-s of the home,
the farm. Kraso-s,
fruit eultur' ■ in try -
ltl? cookery,health,
cattle, aliee|'.*«itte,
poultry. late tho
'loft, toilet, social
life, etc , etc, one
of the moat Com
pie to Enrjrclo*
peitlaslti exist* lice
A lark la*• -It. 'i -is
X 1% It*- lies ivlft
<a*i - fU
rated, bound in
rmeu Cloth hliid
UK ami eijital to
other t»>ok» costtha
irjri.ii n«ire ini» w '« •‘ in u* our i
offer (i li $0 7%, hii I $n -•"i ltrH for |<*!**i himI
m Kill fnrwitrl lUv Umk in jrii'* If II In nut »mi»
fki-lury r> turn it tin-1 »til e.v-ii4iup* It or r> furnl
your iiiotii fur <Mir tinsm tll<ntrntil hi*.
gttl' i|Mutltl|| ttlH loWlM Jit •-• till ho. H f|{2,
ttr run Hit >oU luuliev. A Mum h)1 (inku i
ft \AI I II I II I*t III I> III N o ( ' i M .e* \ T
l,iihli-*i i .ini! Mu if i • i t • Akron r»,
iTIh* H.i.tlM M t' ltniMit. i* r«4 4bl* y |; |
IlM •**<«•** M to* ••fin.
*««M IuMmi *> to
Wholesale Prices
to Users.
OtiT funeral Citilnpi' rjunlt-4
thruj. Siiul ije It j.arily juy
I « i i <1 r* a «> aft.I U
tt n«! »«•*» tmv It Ha* i too |>jk't t,
17,c*.o an>l »jn.,ut
| ru c* i n i> .»f ly 70,000*
th4t r<*M rat and u»c anti wear
i.tOilanily carfjr tu nock alt
•rticIv* tj.tftrd.
R*1 >t«>» a. a