The Loup City northwestern. (Loup City, Neb.) 189?-1917, September 17, 1897, Image 3

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    Til* I union* Yukon Klur,
In Outing for September Bdward
Hpurr, of the United Htate* Geological
Wurvey, * e*aka u» follow* of the great
Alaskan river:
"thily 'wo route* are available. One
luuai either go to St. Michael, In the
Uebrlitg *■♦«, and thence up the River
Yukon, from Ita outlet to the begin
ning of '* headwater*, aome 1,600
nillea, or land at aome point of the
Pacific, croa* the head of land and tap
the head waters of the Yukon at their
"In «Hh-r event the Journey muat be
completed before September, when the
Yukon fre-rca, and Alaaka'a arctic win
ter of th utmost, rigor aet* In and
grip* it* vise,
At the little town of Juneau we left
the *tearner and made preparation* to
turn our back* for good upon civiliza
tion, Our proposed route lay ucroa* the
coast mom tain* to the headwater* of
a the Yuko- and thence down that river
a* it highway, making such excursion*
trow It m became necessary,
"Alaako I* a moat difficult country
for traveling, even In the only available
short r,canon of It* arctic summer, there
being no •oada; and even Indian trail*,
on i front ' of the small number of na
tive*, are very rare. The surface I*
rough, being traversed by many range*
of mountain*. Kven In the more level
portions t avel I* hindered In the *um
us»r by the wet mo** which grow*
kite* deep, and by the Insect peat*; In
the wlntei It I* made Impossible by the
lo'cnee cold. In view of all these diffi
culties, the peculiar relation of the Yu
kon river to the coast I* such that, one
might fancy Nature had arranged It ce
pe tolly for a highway, through this
In.ieicuslhlc Interior, in partal compen
sation in man for the obstacles she
ha* i ill. In IiIm way.
Hu headwater* of (he network of
dream* ultimately drain Into the
Yukon river fortunately lie within
*1.. on
!li» northern or Inland aide of a range
nt mountains which runs along the
southern (oast of Alaska. Krona this
point the river flows north, away from
the i‘u, far toward the Arctic Ocean;
then suddenly ( hanging Its mind, turns
w-r: and linally, after traversing the
wiiolr width of Alaska, arrives al the
V Kehrrug Hea, Its entire course being
considerably over two thousand miles.
Kor n considerable distance It Is a
tiroart and deep stream, so that one may
go quite through the center of Alaska,
from ecu to sea, by crossing only thirty
miles or so of land.
There, are various routes across the
ro.isi mountains to the various headH
of this, river. Of these we chose that
over the Chllkoot Pass, which Is the
shortest, although the mountains
which must he thereby crossed are
hfglur than any of the other routes.
Il»ril«l>l|n of the Trip fa llir Klondike.
-We were huddled together so closely
that we perforce became speedily ac
quainted, for although the space on
lire floor was large enough for all of us
tn sit down, there was hardly room to
sLrcKh out. When we grew weary of
chatting, however, and of listening to
the sound of the water us the bout
threshed Its way onward, we were
forced try drowsiness to sleep where we
eon id and soon sleepers were scattered
around m the most grotesque and un
comfortable attitudes. I had coveted
a span ou or under the little table used
for eating purposes, hut found that
Cltoln position fully occupied before I
made up my mind to retire; hut I fin
ally wedged myself into a narrow space
between the boiler unit the pilot house,
y when throughout the night, passers
continually stepped Iin my head. How
ever 1 slept several hours.
Tin system of eutlng is worthy of
Hot• The table ui Cummoduti d uhout
six at a time, whereas, us I have men
tioned we were fitly or sixty In all.
At efci h uirul cue or two, or sometimes
three sets of pusseugers would he fed,
then the cuplatl), the suitors, the Chi
nese took, aud the dish-washer, after
wtilth the rest of u* got our rations,
tq good time. As we grew very huu
gt> during this process, we would
a tod around patiently waiting our
Sk it C' to slip lu hut sometimes lie
, ' -
fore we had tasted the tempting liver
and coffee (to say nothing of the
beans), we would be summarily ejected
by the dish-washer, who was a very
young man of dashing exterior and pe
culiar vocabulary, and who would dis
perse us with the assertion that "Hy
-, the crew Is going to eat now."
Crossing th* Now Famous « hi I knot Fuss.
"The trip from salt water to the head
of the navigable waters of the Yukon
Is usually made In two *tages,,of each
about fifteen miles. The trader at
Dyeti had brought In a few horses, and
we engaged him to transport our camp
outfit and provisions over the first
stage, where the trail, though rough,
cau he gone over by pack-animals.
Home of the miners, however, engaged
Indians Immediately at I)yea to park
the whole distance, and, as it afterward
proved, this was the wiser plan. We
could also have obtained saddle ani
mals. but our little party preferred to
walk for the sake of getting toughened
for the harder Journeys that were to
"The trip turned out to be exception
ally fatiguing, a large part of the dis
tance being through sand and loose
gravels In the bed of a stream, where
It was impossible to find a firm footing;
several times also we had to wade the
stream. The valley along whose bot
tom we were thus traveling was narrow
and csnyon-llke, with steep bare
mountains rising high on either side.
The tops of these mountains, so fur us
we could see, were capped with Ice;
and ihls great glac’er stretched out
long fingers down Into the valley along
each of the gulches or recesses In the
mountain wall. Finally, crossing the
river a last time on a fallen tree, we
followed the trail up Into the more
rocky and difficult portion of the val
ley; and some miles of ihls brought
us, thoroughly tired, to our halting
"From Sheep Camp, where we were,
(he only way to get our supplies over
the puss was to get Indians to carry
them. Although these Indians are no
stronger than average white men, yet
they greatly excel them In point of
endurance, and they willingly under
I -- _-m, 1
high simmer in the chilkoot pass.
4o extreme fatigue for any limited
period. At this time, however, the
trail was no had, on account of the soft
ening of the snows In the hot June
sun, that they concluded to strike for
higher wages. This was the cause of
some little delay for us.
Once we saw the Siwash safely start
ed with their packs, we set out our
selves, at al»out (I o’clock in the after
noon. At this time of year the trip
Is usually timed by the Indians, so
that the deepest snow will he crossed
between 12 o'clock at midnight and 3
In the morning; for In these hours a
crust forms, which lu daytime is soft
ened by the warm sun. Our way soon
led us on to a glader-llke held of snow,
which often sounded hollow to our
feet as we trod, and at Intervals we
could hear the water rushing beneath.
The grade became steep, and the fog
closed around us thickly, Joining with
the twilight of the Alaska June night
to nuke a peculiar obscurity which
gave thiugs a weird, ghostly appear
ance, As we tolled up the steep In
cline of hardened snow, those ahead of
us looked like huge giants; while those
on whom we looked down were ugly,
sprawling dwarfs.
All the rest or the climb w.u over
snow, the asi eut being very deep
with I'llffs on all shies, which loomed
up gigantle and ghostly. It is im
possible to describe the •fleet pro
I dot ed by these bare. Jagged rucks ris
ing out of the snow held. In the silence
the fog and the twilight We wert
i forcibly reminded of some of Itore'i
■Imaginative drawings.
After awhile the well-beaten trail
faded to almost nothing, and at the
same time the snow-slope became of
excessive steepness. We were obliged
to kick footholds for every step, on a
surface so smooth and steep that a slip
would have sent us sliding Into depth*
which we could not see. looking down
It seemed a bottomless pit, shapeless
and fathomless, In the eddying fog.
On the other side of the summit a
short hut steep declivity led down to
a small frozen lake, named by the
miners ('rater Luke, on account of the
steep, crater-llke walls which sur
round It on three sides. On one side,
however, this wall opens out Into a
valley, through which a small stream
runs; the lake Is. therefore one of the
ultimate sources or me lusun,
wan with a feeling of relief that we
stepped upon Its frozen surface.
The ckllkoot ■ tiillsn I’sekers.
"At I)yea Is a small trading-post,
kept by a white man. around which Is
gather'd a village of Indians or Hiwash,
belonging to the Chllkoot tribe, They
are by no means Ill-looking people.
The men are strong and well-formed;
the women (naturally, when one con
siders their mode of life) are Inferior
to the men In good looks. These wo
men have a habit of painting their
faces uniformly black with a mixture
of soot and grease, a covering which Is
said to prevent snow-blindness In the
winter and to be a protection In sum
mer against the mosquitoes. Home
have only the upper part of their faces
painted, aud the black part terminates
In a straight line, giving the effect of
a half-mask. At the time of our ar
rival the ludlaus were engaged very
busily In catching and drying a small
fish. This fish Is very oily, and when
dried can he lighted at. one end and
used as a candle; and for this purpose
It Is stored away against the long win
ter night.
Ilritm of the Klouillkv.
"Although there are very few peo
ple In the country, one Is continually
surprised at, first by perceiving a soli
tary white tent standing on sonic prom
inent. point or c:iff which overlooks
the river. Ai first tills looks cheerful,
and we sent many a hearty hall across
the wat'-r to such habitations; hut our
calls were never answered, for these
are not dwellings of the living hut of
the dead. Inside eaeh of these tents,
which are ordinarily made of white
cloth, though sometimes of woven
matting, Is a dead Indian, and near
him are laid Ills rifle, snowshoes, orna
ments and other personal effects. I do
not think the custom of leaving these
articles at the graves Implies any be
lief that they will be used by the dead
man In another world, but simply sig
nifies that he will have no more use
for the things which were so dear and
necessary to him In life Just as,
among ourselves, articles which have
been used by some dead friend are
henceforth laid aside and used uo long
er. ,
A Hallo! Ilos That Counts,
Something novel in the way of voting
machinery hus receatly been patented
in England by Arthur E. Collins, city
engineer of Norwich. The ballots are
prluted on stiff paper or card, bound
up in books, each leuf being so perfor
ated that it can be torn off like a check
from Its stub. The voter goes Into a
screened room, where he sees a row o!
boxes supported on a frame.
Each box bears the name and other
Insignia of a party or a candidate. V
conspicuous indicator points the voter
to a slot In the box. Into this the bal
j bit fs (burst without any marking or
folding, and after a few seconds it
! fulls through to a glass box, Into which
all the other buxes discharge Alt elec
| tlon official, on one side, aud the votci
on the other, can both see '.he ballot
aud be sure that It l« all right, bat the
official cannot toll by which route It
entered the glass-walleil receptacle, and
therefore cannot tell how th, man ha»
s ut 'll
Just Within the slut. In 11 li ballot
! ten there t* an Inked roller and *»m<
type, whbh print a numb*? i-n the m t
I cf the I allot These PUD e * • ut I*
success!, tt 11,01 '<|<iMtly, the) t un
each part) * vili an ti is cast Moth
I the t)au.I the h.ttuo tara <er oi
I th« ballot*, ".ally taken of, record
j this, and, thirefuw. Dust »■(*»■* wlwn
j the polls cUis* K*t h ballot, after re
m*i ut ea an t|t»l*nt In the glass I hi* fur
1 Inspection, dt ipe at III further, and goe*
I into a much bigger reservoir tkat is
j sealed
|ts«r Unis ttien
In the boose of a deaf mute broths!
and ststei Atlllsst and John Harass
who have ihel alone on a farm to<ai
! t'olutntOM kits, an in rest (gallon eons
mltiee of a- rghbora found after h*
4eal.ll of the brother nt T? years hnoeo
! |U tge stMi uni of |*> (MM M tdeH ebitlt
in ail Mrtt i*f
The Oreek Ionic style of architect
ure characterizes the Manufacturers'
building. The order is of heroic pro
portions, carried out with great ar
tistic care in every detail. The princi
pal feature of the lagoon facade is a
circular dome 1 AO feet in circumfer
ence, rising to a height of seventy-five
feet. The dome is supported on a cir
cular row of fluted Ionic columns, and
tb« space enclosed by them and under
the dome is open, forming a grand,
open, domed vestibule for an appnwh
to tlie building. The inner dome is
richly designed with ribs and panels
and Is to he richly decorated In colors,
while the outer is formed by a series
of step* rising In the form of a coni* to
the apex, which I* crowned by a richly
decorated base or flagstaff. The outer
row of dome columns Is detached and
the entablature is broken around them
at tlm base of the dome, and over each
column la a statue and pedestal having
a* a background the stylobate of the
dome. This treatment is very monu
mental In effect, and while In good taste
and harmonious with the architectural
style It is at the same time original and
interesting. Over the doorway leading
from this vestibule Into the building
arc three large panels between tha pi
lasters to receive paintings which will
be emblematical of the character of the
exhibits. Flanking the central dome
are beautiful Ionic colonnade* which
form covered way* along the entire
facade, atopplng at the corner towera.
Over tlieae rolonnadea ar<- haluoniea ca
pable of holding large number* of peo
ple and opening from the interior gal
lerieaof the building, affording a fine
point from which to obtain an elevated
view of the lagoon and the beautlea of
the grand central court. The four cor
ner* of the building are marked by
square plain tower* surmounted bv or
nate, open, columned pavilion*, circu
lar in form and to aerve for electric
lighting. The manufacture* building
is .too feet long and MU feet wide, ft
waa de*lgucd by S. H. lieman of Chi
iSDillthf Tti*t ah* Kftr Oau Thar*.
llial I* H*» Cluntilnf X«».
In reality, a woman at S3 U otUl
pausing at ill* height of her personal
charm. .She gained tho height per
haps seven or eight years before, but
K she has boon careful of herself, lm i
iiad small experience of sorrow and
pain and apprehension, has not hud
too hard work for mind or body, has
had hut little Illness, has kept her
temper and spared herself worry, she
ha* not fairly begun tho descent; or If
tho has, then there is a slightly
^atluiic charm about her, says Har
per's Bazar, us about the golden tar
nish of a res* that drops its first petal,
bn' is still the rose.
For into tho ticauty of 20, gradually
unfolding and expanding up to 26 or
26, the soul unfolding and expanding,
too, ha* Infiltrated u new quality, ono
which is wanting to youthe xcept in ex
traordinary instances,and tills beauty of
spirit and of intellect has been added
to beauty of ilcsli with every increas
ing power. And then just as the con
tours begin to yield and the Ijcuuty of
the fleth assumes u doubtful part,
when diet and exercise and massage
and sloop and tho right colors, urul
not too much light, all have to be
carefully considered, and a veil is
needed lo hide tho line lines when In
the sun and if llotty gives “tho
check a touch of rod" and the hair a
dust of gold powder it is not our af
fair to know of It, nor does it dimin
ish the fascination sho unconsciously
exerts then if sho has improved the
years, comes the second stage—-the
stage of a superior captivation to that
exercised by tho mere fleshy beauty.
It is in the years of this period that un
consciously and unwillingly women
charm men much younger than them
selves, and always men of ruther ex
traordinary intellectual power, Into
proposal* of mamage. At till* lime a
woman understand* herself and knows
how to balani.'o and counterbalance,
the circumstances of tho world about
her. She has probably read many
books; she has seen muiiy people; if
she amounts to unything worth con
sidering sho lias tact and skill and
bush of manner, hIio ha* learned some
thing of the intricacies of human na
tii 10 and of tho secrots of tho heart;
sho has learned how to render not
only herself but her surrounding* at
tractive; she is no longer exacting;
site makes people near her comforta
ble; she puls them Into conceit of
themselves- that inexplicably pleas
ant mood. And people sock her pres
ently for the sake of being comfort
able, and forthe delightful atmosphere
that her presence seems to create;
men admiro her, women adore her,
young jioople follow her; sho is u
social power, and is of more weight
and consequence than any young per
son not ujion a throne—for although
sho live to threescore and ten, her
throne la upon men's hearts.
Orlglu of ••Mausoleum.•’
Mausolus was king of Carla and af
ter his death his widow, Artemisia,
erected a magiiitloent tomb to hi*
memory. Indeed, it was so woudurful
and surpassed all olhsr structures so
much in its appearance and grandeur
that the name mausoleum came to be
the generic term for a cosily tomb.
H remained standing for a number of
centuries and then was destroyed by
on earthquake. In 1404 the K nigh is
of Htiodee built a castle from fragment*
uf the mausoleum, and a* late a* l bid
Mr. Newton under the auspices uf tho
Kngllsb government. found the silo of
the undent tomb and the fundamental
outline* of the building According
In tradition Artemisia mingled the
ttshe* of hi no sol os with bar win* and
died of grief
trleedt as •■***
files, though obtrusive In the
log days, ato In general in
dispensable brctiour In their
maggot stale they act at seat
•Mger* There I* however, a dark
side to a mature ily • nature In thnt
It to ay quite unconsciously become
th» teacr of mmo gr*«e. t ualagtou*
iiissm flies ran tnhsel salable* i
r •{■vs laii) «# >• «* * lib chulera
germ#, limes It Is necessary to
Seep dies sea* from a* tides of ksd
when cholera or other infection#
4its* * t* »;•< ul
HnSuks Powders.
The habit of taking "headache
powders'* Is Increasing to an alarm
ing extent among a great number of
women throughout the oountry.
These powder*, as their name Indi
cates, are claimed l»y the manufac
turers to be a positive and speedy
cure for any form of headache. In
many cases tlielr chief Ingredient is
morphine, opium, cocaine or some
other equally injurious drug having
a tendency to deaden pain. Tho
habit of taking them Iseasilv formed,
hut almost Impossible to shake off.
Women usually commence taking
them to relieve a raging hoadaoho
and. finding it successful, soon re
sort to the powder to alleviate any
little palu or ache they may be sub
jected to, und finally, like tho mor
phine or opium (lend, get into the
habit of taking them regularly,
imagining that they are In pain If
they happen to miss their regular
doso. _ ______
President Cleveland's Portrait.
A strange tiling has happened to
an oil portrait of Mr. Clavoland,
painted during bis first administra
tion and hung in a Now York club
house frequented by many of his ad
mirers. There has lately appeared
just upon the breast of tho portrait
a large inverted ghostly head, with
bald domo and well deilncd eyes,
nose and lips. Kitber tho canvas
was an old one or tho artist made
upon it and afterward abandoned a
bust study of hi* subject. The sub
sequent coats of paint for a time
concealed the lines beneath, but
something in the atniospbero of tho
room wheru the portrait hang* has
gradually revealed the hidden pic
til r-A
■auquet la • "MUlifaluMu* ** Word.
The Philadelphia, l.edgor takes the
loftiness out of a word that is in very
frequent use; ".Styling a public din
ner a 'banquet' Is something of a
mistake; that is, if the use of llie word
■banquet’ la to add more dignity to the
occasion or even to bo more uppish or
bumptious or 'top-lofty.' 'Banquet.’
from the French and Spanish, means
a small benoh, a little seat, and when
spelled banqueta means a three-legged
stool. It has reference to sitting while
eating, instead of taking refreshment
in •stand-up’ fashion, as at one of our
Wistar parties or at afrce-lunch coun
ter. The truth is that ‘banquet’ is
simply u grandiose expression ambi
tious and somewhat 'affected.’"
Mbs Wailed Uiq.
A case which was being tried before
a New York justice was delayed by
the absence of a witness named ,Sarah
Money. The magistrate announced,
with an attempt at wit. that the case
would be adjourned without Sarah
Money. One of the jurors, struck
with the brilliancy of the pun. went
home and told his wife that the justice
had gotten off a wonderful joke by de
claring that the case would be ad
journed without Mary Money. ••Pooh."
said the wife. "I don't see anything
funny about that" ••Neither did I,"
responded iter husband. • uulil I got
hulf way home, but it will strike you
in hulf an hour or so." _
I lie iiiilk Mittk.
The little Insect popularly called j
the death-watch or tick Is a timber- I
boring insect whioh usually com
indices Its sound lute In the spring,
and is no other than the call by
which the mala and female are led
to each other the same as with birds
during the mating season The |
sound they emit Is not owing to the
voice of the insect, but to its beating j
on or striking any hard substance
with the shield or fore part ef its j
bead- The prevailing number of
strokes are from seven to nine and |
eleven, and tt Is Ibis circumstance :
which probably adds to the ominous
character tl bears among Iff
tad iu|itriUlioB«
IHtf I I#* Ml#tit
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; lilrti hihtU #4% lh#t bi«‘4t uf #tlUt*#t <
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| lb# tiiiMiAtti til (iruttn m4 k«i4«k ■
tf* bul uul| ti » In# Mittg inhli b/
i luifft’%4t tfAMi lh#«r rtgM Ut
tml a f#vi bu riti. bill awa lb# vfiMf
lb#t |{inAtfrtki«ti« ul (iftttri Iiava
M-iittti m4 |lib4« I# »#l4 l«t $n«*fwf
| A tu4 ttlltA Iw b* t| lb# i
i v«r| #1 v»l 4«iiruyiBK t*»tl#
iH Bltft 4 <|>|tattA* bun lo b# lHAii* {
I |t brl«| 44 lb# #%*♦"# #1 lb#.
Kits Ought tu Hu u rurugun, hut Shu
Vary O'tau ta Nut.
Mound houlth la it prim* necessity
for any worker in the world, no raattm*
what the line of work may bo. but It
becomesof tho greatest Importance It
the work is to be carried on la the
school room, write* Caroline B. I,e
Bow In the Ladies' Home Jour
nal. There not only the physical,
hut tho nervous and mental forces are
taxed to their utmost. The young
grail unto ha* hitherto gone to school
to sit comfortably at hsr desk; to stand
occasionally for recitations; to use her
voice but little; to have constant va
riety In her work; to enjoy her recesa
with perfect freedom and in congenial
companionship. As a teacher she goen
to school to stand upon her feet all
day long, to use her voice incessantly,
perhaps, too In a large room (Iliad
with the tumult of the street; to keep
noisy, and very likely, rebellious aud
disobedient children not only quiet,
but Interested. and to spend the recess
in care of them in the halls and the
yard. Besides this she is to stimulate
iliolr bruins, and a certain amount of
time—usually prescribed by a board
of education, the members of which
know little of the capacity and possi
bilities of the youthful mind -Is allot
ted her, in which she must, somehow
or other,succeed in teaching them a
certain number of facta—no allowance
being made for the slownese, stupidity
or disorder, which increases the fric
tion of tho work Hitd delays, the doing.
No matter how complete the education,
or how enthusiastic the spirit, the
power for physical endurance is abso
lutely necessary.
ITIist the (Haul Liodartsklng Itsprssanls
lu Hirlisslw.
It is not easy for the mind to grasp
tho stupendous nature of tbit under
taking, says the Review of Raviaw*.
The wheel itself is ‘260 feet in diame
ter; at its highest point it is '2OH feet
“hove the earth. That is to say that
if the Hunker Hill monument wars
usod us a yardstick to measure it the
towering monolith would fall short
fifty feet. If the wheel were set in
Broadway by ths side of Trinity spire
it would lift the passengers of its
cars to a level with the apex of that
Boaring steeple. The obelisk of Lux
or, or Trajan's pillar, at Rome, would
not lie long enough to serve as a ra
dial spoke.
Then, again, as to its enormous
weight. Tho Niagara cantilever, just
below the falls, was looked upon as
uu engineering wonder when it was
built Its construction requlrod three
years. The Kerris wheel was built
in five months and its weight is four
times that of the Niagara bridge. The
St. Louis bridge was another wondor
and its weight is about equal to that
of the big wheel complete. The t'ia
cinnati cantilever is another huge
bridge; it Is 1,300 feet long, and it
would about balance the scale with
Mr. Kerris’ big toy. And ihe one is
set immovable resting on two sup
ports, while the wheel is swung upon
au axle lifted 140 feet in the ulr. It
has thitty six cars, and in those two
regiments of soldiery could be scap'd
siui swept with an almost imperccpte
bio motion high above the White won
der. _ _ _____
A q>Mt i>r|M.
A curious organ is to tie seen at
the Jesuits' ehurob at Hiangbai.
China it was man afar Lured by a
nan vs. a "brutbar coadjutor" of lit*
Jesuit order. The pipe# of the In
strumed ere in bautlioo wood instead
of metal. and the sonority is of In
comparable sweetness, "angelic and
superhuman." says a correspond »aL
end such ae has never been heard ia
tin rope
•leslrlsltt la SlletMs.
In the general report of Ike commie,
cion in Prussia ta charge of mining
matters, which bee reoobif) bean pub
I !• bud, Ike commissioners slate I hat la
l hair ion electricity ts psnfecvtiy
safe for mute ms, provided v#r» is
taken to see I bet condor tore are prop
erly lasttstod, tamps well prole-ted*
ut..l Hte current net too Inlmso A
more extensive nee of eley-tric ty in
attune would be poseibte were a pork*
able ctaeirto lamp dev tend , v alMUcng
simplicity duratPm of power, and