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About Harrison press-journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1899-1905 | View Entire Issue (July 9, 1903)
Marching Throneh Georgia.
Bring the good old bugle, boya, we'll ting
Sing It with a pirit that will tart the
Sing it as we uwd to ting It, fifty thou
While we wore marching through
'Hurrah! Hurrah; we bring the jubilee!
Hurrah: Hurrah: the Bag that make you
So we sang the chorus from Atlanta to
While we were marching through
How the darkies shouted whim they
heard the joyful sound!
IIow the turkeys gobbled which our com
IIow the sweet potatoes even started
from the ground!
While we were inarching through
,Tes, and there were Union men who
wept with joyful tears,
When they saw tfie honored Hag they had
not seen for years;
Hardly could they be restrained from
breaking forth In cheers,
While we were marching through
"Sherman's dashing Yankee boys will
never reach the coast!"
So the :iucy rebels said, and 'twai a
Had they not forgot, alas! to reckon with
While we were Marching through
So we made a thoroughfare for Freedom
and her train,
Sixty miles in latitude three hundred
to the main;
Treason fled before us, for resistance
was in vain.
While we were marching through
Henry C. Work."
The Angel's Whisper.
A baby was sleeping,
Its mother was weeping.
For her husband was far on the wild
And the tempest was swelling
Round the fisherman's dwelling,
And she cried, "Dermot, darling, oh,
come back to me!"
Her beads while alio number'd,
The baby still alumber'd,
.And smiled in her face as she bended
i ""'Oh, blest tie that warning,
My child, thy sleep adorning,
For I know that the angels are whisper
ing with thee.
"And while they ire keeping
Bright watch o'er thy sleepiug,
Oh, pray to them softly, my baby, with
And say thou wouldst rather
They'd watch o'er thy father!
For I know that the angels are whisper
ing with thee."
The dawn of the morning
Saw Dermot returning.
And the wife wept with joy her babe's
father to see;
And closely caressing
Her child, with a bleraing,
Said, "I knew that the angels were whis
pering with thee."
GREAT FLOATING DRY DOCK.
Base Affair to M Muilt and Towed to
The largest steel floating dry dock
in the world, to float the largest battle--ships,
and one that Is to bo towed 13.
000 tulles to the. Philippine Inlands will
'be built for the government by the
Maryland Steel Company. The dock
Is to be 500 feet long and of extra
strength and weight, weighing 10.000
tons principally to enable It- to stand
a voyage half way round the world.
The dock will coat $1,124,000 and will
be twenty-seven months In building.
The builders are to deliver the great
tincture on the Atlantic cost and the
navy department will take up the gi
gantic task of getting the dock to Its
When the Maryland Stcid Company
undertook to deliver the Algiers dock
lit New Orleans four tug boats took
the dock down the Patapseo. yet the
headway was Just perceptible, says
the Baltimore American. The dock
put to sea In tow of a steamship and
two sea tugs, making only four knots
an hour. It was said that the tow
bill was $25,000 and that $.V),000 In
surance on the dock was paid for the
toyage. The dock will haye to be
towed across the Atlantic ocean,
through the Mediterranean sea, down
the Sue Canal and Bed sea, across
.the Indian ocean and up tbo China
fteu to Manila. If four knots an hour
Is made It will require 151 days for
the voyage If no stops are made, which
will be Impossible, owing to the towing
hips having to recoal or wait for
food weather. The tow will be the larg
st and longest In history.
The Algiers dock lifts 15,000 tons,
Is 500 feet long, weighs 8.805 tons and
coat $10,000. The new Msnlla dock
la to lift from 10.000 to laooo tons. Is
to be COO feet long, but will weigh 10..
000 tons sod will cost $1,124,000. It
will consist of three pontoons that
will form (he flooring of the dock and
two aide walls, all ef ateel. In tbe
AlfloM dock these Ave sections are
toftad together and are separable, but
la tbo new dock the sections will be
til permanent. Tbe dock la to be
a aatf -decking one, the largest pontoon
beta tbo middle one.
la ardor to dock this section the
I Her ejator pontoon will be soak
tbe bwMm paatna tad tBea
pumped out, raising the lara-er section.
The self-docking system of the Ma
nila dock will be different from that
of tbe Algiers dock.
The dock must lift battleships two
feet out of the water a situation that
increases the stability of the-ship flf
ten or twenty times. To sink the dock
to receive a ship water is admitted to
compartments In the hull through
about twenty valves admitting a vol
ume of water as large as a man's
body, occupying about an hour's time.
The Algiers dock baa lifted the bat
tleship Illinois in one hour and fifty
seven minutes. The dock will be con
structed in an excavation near the
beach and when It is readr to be
launched the strip of land holding
back the Patupseo will be cut away,
the water admitted, when the big
structure will float.
HARD TO TELL AGE OF FISH.
Pile Not a Criterion, for the Food
Supply determine This.
"It Is easy euough for a man to
study up books and then come out
and announce that he has certain theo
ries about animal life," says Man
ager Spencer at the battery aquarium
to a writer In the New York Com
mercial Advertiser, "but when he
studies the living animals themselves,
If he Is fair-minded, it won't be very
long before he'll begin to acknowledge
that theories are of little value and
that the more a man learns the more
he will realize how little be knows.
"A man came here one day with
his bead Just bulging with natural
history secrets and theories of marine
life. He told nte that he had found
a way to tell the age of fishes and
got (julte indignant because I refused
to agree with him. I've studied Ashes
for a good many years and believe
that it's an utter Impossibility, to tell
their ages. Size can have little or
nothing to do with ages. The trout
are a good example and like all other
fishes their growth Is governed by
their food supply. In Rome locali
ties, when range and food supply are
restricted, trout seldom grow to large
size. In other localities, such as the
large lakes of Maine, the fish reach a
weight of from six to ten pounds. It
Is no uncommon thing for a trout to
be placed in a well and remain there
for a dozen, fifteen or even twenty
years, and when taken out weigh les?
than a pound.
"When I was a boy I lived up In
Vermont. There was a trout brook
running across my father's farm. The
batiks were narrow and grassy and
the waterway cold and quite deep.
There was one big trout which always
stayed In one bole under the bank. He
was not so very large, but pertiaps
weighed a pound and a half. When
I wanted to scare him out I would
stand and joggle the bank above him
and he would go shooting up stream,
but would Invariably n-turn to his hole.
Year after year I tried to capture that
trout by j spearing him and year after
year I fulled. Trout were scarce In the
brook and I have every reason to be
lieve that It was one trout I pursued
year after year. In ail the time the
wily fellow hardly grew an Inch, and
It was only another proof that the
age of fishes is not determined by
"Some men assert that the age of
the oyster can be told by the layers of
lime In the shell. While It may be
possible. It Is as far as we know only
theoretic. Trout are peculiar fish. It
may surprise a great many people to
learn that trout are often found In
salt water and, In fact, thrive in It.
Eight or nine years ago a ,trout nearly
eight Inches long was caught In
Gravcseud bay. Tbe trout was placed
In a funk of salt water at the aquarium
and lived for many months."
GIVc8 FORTUNE FOR HAT.
New York Socletr Woman Kipend
$ I, (IV) for Head Decoration
It Is enough to make even the most
extravagant daughter of Eve exclaim
to learn that a New York society
woman recently paid $1,050 for a sin
gle bat, says the Philadelphia Ledger.
The hut was ordered from a Fifth
avenue milliner who bad managed to
secure the cream of society's custom.
The price originally named for It to
the Intending purchaser was $1,800,
but It was found that less material
was requln-d than first anticipated,
and $150 was deducted from the esti
mate. Four Itusslnn sable skins, alsnolutely
flawless and of the finest quality pro
curable, were used In making. Tbe
largest of I he skins, all of which were
of the costly east Siberia quality,
measured fourteen Inches In length,
and the fur was of a rich dark brown,
fine In texture and very glossy.
The hat frame was a big flare, rolled
slightly on the left side. Great skill
wss required In covering It with the
fur In the most artistic manner and
without the aid of scissors. There was
no trimming whatever except In the
sable tails, which were utilized to the
When the hour for trying on the hat
was at hand considerable trepidation
was felt by the bead milliner. If the
customer did not like It, the matter
would take on a serious aspect, and If
It hud to be remodeled much trouble
would result. But all fears proved
groundlose. The purchaser expressed
unqualified approval of the effect and
the entire staff of saleswomen agreed
with bT In thluklng It vsatiy becom
ing. It afforded her exquisite satis
faction to be assured that the style
was an exclusive one, and that there
never would bo tbe slightest danger
of seeing a duplicate In tbla or any
other country. Bhe banded In her check
for $1,060 with the nonchalant air of
mm who pays for a flaa of aoda.
What aa anllmlted atoak ef
aeme people hate.
J. T. Trowbridge's "My Own Story"
will be printed In book form next au
tumn, and is sure to be one of tbe
"books of the year."
A tourlBts' edition of George Whar
ton James' "In and Around the Grand
Canyon of the Colorado River in Ari
zona" is announced by Little, Brown
u. Appietou & uo. will publish in
New York a posthumous novel called
"'Twij,t God and Mammon," by Tire-
buck Young, a writer of great promise
A memoir by Hall Calne will preface
A large part of the so-called litera
ture of our time is composed of ashes.
It Is dead when It Is made; it Is with
out warmth and without beauty; and
mountains of it could not Influence om
normally-constituted human life.
Charles Egbert Craddock Joins the
frateruHy of historical novelists this
year with "The Spectre of Power," a
story of the French and Kugllsli strtig
gles early In the eighteenth century
for the possession of the Mississippi
Prof. Goldwln Smith is bringing out
through the American Unitarian Asso
ciation a small but significant book
called "The Founder of Christendom,'
which is remarkable as a clear, con
else and masterful presentation vt the
character and mission of the Founder
A short time ago 25 cents a word
was considered a fabulous price for a
publisher to pay a writer. That was
wnen .Mr. Kipling was at the height of
his vogue. Now we have the strange
case of Dr. Conau Daylo, who is to
receive nearly $1 a word for a num
tier of short stories. Ir It any wonder
that everybody Is writing books, asks
tbe New York Sun.
J tie M. Clark Company has In
preparation a novel of life oil a Mon
tana ranch by Frances Parker, a real
ranch girl. She is a daughter of Dr.
Dayton Parker, of Detroit, 22 your
old, and has lived on her fufher'b
ranch among the Bear Paws Moun
tains all bcr life. Her writing is said
to have the Western dash that might
be expected of such a girl.
.virs. Mirali Cowcll Le Moyne, the
well-known actress, Is the possessor of
some rare copies of first editions,
among which are authors' presenta
tion copies given to her while she was
In England. Among these are several
of Tennyson's works and one or two
of Browning's. Bret Harte and Walt
Whitman also contributed to this In-
teresting collection. Thoroughly ap
preciative of the best Jn literature,
these works have been kept In perfect
condltlou and are highly treasured.
The amount of money Mrs. Hum
phry Ward received from Harper's
Magazine for the serial rights of her
"Lady Hose's Daughter" Is flu Interest
ing subject of current comment. Miss
Jcannctte L. Gil.ler, the well-known
literary agent and editor of the Critic,
surmises that Mrs. Ward could bavo
received no less Hum $i-,(KM) for tha
serial rights; to this Miss Gilder adds
the royalties on the sales of the book,
which are estimated to be something
over $l.r0,00(), says the New York
Times. Miss Glider asserts that "ther
Is no doubt that Mrs. Humphry Ward
Is the best paid of living novelists."
But tbe publishers are reticent as to
the figures In the case.
OPINIONS OF GREAT PAPERS ON IMPORTANT SUBJECTS
A Wise Voter.
The Democrats or Rochester, N. Y.,
eager to get out their full strength at
a recent election, sent word to H. B
Anthony, 17 Madison street, marked
"Democrat" In the pool book. Just be
fore the last day of registration, that
"unless you register you cannot vote."
According to the Ind!nnaoHs News,
they got the following answer:
"In response to your notice of this
kind In 1S72 I did register, and later
voted. For this I was arrested, fined
one hundred dollars and sent to Jail
you will excuse nie it I decline to re
peat this experience.
"Susan B. Anthony."
The Isthmian Canal.
IiEM ARK ABLE change of opinion has taken place
in regard to the best route for the Isthmian Canal.
Fourteen mouths ago, when the House passed the
Nicaragua?! bill,, the Panama, .route-had few advo
cates; only one newspaper in New York championed It,
:iimI the state of feeling at the time is further Illustrated by
the fact that this champion was actuated by a desire to
:.iwart the building of any canal. Now, however, there is
hardly a voice rained to mourn for abandoned Nicaragua,
and we have engaged to spend millions, hundreds of mil
lions, on Panama. We have agreed to pay the Panama
Canal Company $40,000,000 for its rights, unfinished work
and other property; we have agreed to pay Colombia $10,
u'Ki.ooo and an annuity of $2o0,000, and in addition to this
outlay there Is the cost of construction, which is estimated
at $2To,oiKi,000, but may, and probably will, be much more.
As much as this has already been sunk in the fourteen
miles of ditch already completed by the old Panama com
pany, and thirty three miles of more difficult work remains
to be done. Fourteen years and $250,000,000 are plainly
very scant estimates of the time and money which will
have to lie expended before the Isthmus Is crossed by a
navigable waterway. But the rewards will equal the ex
penditure. Public Opinion.
residence there. The condition of the roadways la any
neighborhood is an unfailing sign of its progress. The
organization of good roads associations, local. State, nation
al and International, Is doing excellent work In spreading
Isformatioi-, exciting Interest and securing needful legisla
tion respecting the movement. Philadelphia Public Ledger.
Interesting Wheat Experiments. jt
XPEIUMENTS In Colorado and Wyoming point to
the development of a species of hard wheat that will
yield bountifully In the arid regions. In 1896 a Col-
oradoan, Mr. Robert Gauss, planted some improved
Fife, wheat and left It to take care of Itself. The harvest
gave barely enough wheat for seed the next year. The
crop from this seed was much better, and each year since
the grain has gained In productiveness. In 1002 Fred Bond,
State engineer of Wyoming, planted half a pint of this
acclimatized seed near Cheyenne at an altitude of 0,030
feet, and another half-pint at Buffalo, altitude 4,700 feet.
The first lot threshed !iy2 pints and the second 21'j pints.
No water was artificially given to either plantation, and
the rainfall at Cheyenne was only 6. ,"38, and at Buffalo 4.00
Inches. If experiments on a larger scale are equally suc
cessful, Mr. Gauss, as the Geographic Magazine-says, has
reclaimed nearly 400.000 square miles of land. The whole
arid and seml arld West will eagerly await further experi
ment. Indianapolis Journal.
The Minimum Wage.
INDIANA has a minimum wage law, enacted in 1001. It
provides that no one employed on work done by or for
counties, cities or towns shall be paid less than twenty
cents an hour. The act was passed at the demand of
organized labor, and the purpose, of course, was to estab
lish a standard minimum rate of living wages. While k
was not believed that the State could enact any law mak
ing a minimum wage In private business, It was Imagined
that municipal corporations could be required to pay a
minimum wage or more for work done which would be
come a common standard. The Supreme Court of the
State has pronounced the law unconstitutional, as being
an improper interference with tbe liberty of contract. If
the Legislature has the right to prescribe and enforce a
minimum rate of wages, it also has power to prescribe
a maximum rate, and need not confine Itself to wages, but
proceed to fix the prices of corn and potatoes. The court
concludes that counties, cities and towns stand upon the
same footing as private or quasi-public corporations, and
cannot be compelled to pay more than Its market value for
any property or labor.-Boston Herald.
The Alien Invasion.
ISN'T It a little foolish for us to talk of "tbe American
race" and "the American character" as if they were es
tablished and recognizable facts. In the face of a move-,
ment which is vastly altering the population of our
land? Within the last forty years 16,000,000 of aliens have
come to our shores. There never was a race movement
like that before. The Norman Conquest of England waa
microscopic; the Invasion of England by the Jutes, Saxons
and Angles was insignificant; the descent of tbe barbariana
upon the Roman Empire was a small affair, compared with
the Invasion of the United States now going on. In tho
retrospect, all the great movements of population recorde
In history are seen to have profoundly altered the charao
ters and affected the careers of the countries to which they
moved, and we may be certain that the national character
and the national destiny will be no less materially affected
In our own case now. In the nature of things, the effect
will not appear at once; the newcomers are poor and of
slight consideration; does any one expect that they will re
main so for many generations? Doesn't every one who will
take the trouble to think about it know that in the worlds
of business, polities; and even "society," the sons and
daughters of those who fought for American independence
already in many cases have to give way to the descendants
of those who were coming ashore, with their packs on their
backs, out of the steerage, a generation or two ago? Philay
delphla Public Ledger.
New England Thrift.
HE proportion of men and women who retire on
small competencies is doubtless greater in Massachu
setts than in any other State In the Union, unless it
be Pennsylvania, which is the other State of Dn
Benjamin Franklin's residence. But a man who has even
the most robust respect for the thrift of the people of
Massachusetts must be surprised to learn from the report
of the State's Bureau of Labor Statistics that there are
more than 45,000 such persons 28,000 men and 17,000
women. Two-thirds of them are native born, too. ;
These persons who have retired on competencies aw
apparently not, as a rule, the owners of large fortunes.
Indeed, most men of large fortunes, it Is safe to say, do not
retire till physical Infirmities compel them. In the list
are an amazing number who are farmers more than 8,500
whereas less than 3,300 were merchants. Even the re-i
tired blacksmiths number 359, and there are 1,076 "labor
ers" on this list World's Work.
The Cause of Good Roads.
NE of the most striking evidences of the civilization
reached by Borne are the remains of her great high
ways. It l said that 50,000 miles of roadways were
built by the Romans, structures which In their decay
are the envy of the modern road builders. It is a reflec
tion on the American name that In the older States, which
have been organized communities for more than two cen
turies, there are thousands of miles of roads that are
practically In no better condition now then they were In
the early days. In Pennsylvania there are thousands of
miles of roadway maintained In no better fashion than
they were at the beginning of the last century. The value
convenience and pleasure of good roads are admitted. Thev
Improve social conditions in the countryside and Invite
Save the Big Trees.
HE giant sequoias of California form a natural won
der and beautiful scenic feature absolutely unique.
How far the rumor that their existence Is In danger
may be true Is not quite apparent, but it seems cer
tain that the Calaveras Grove at least Is threatened with
extinction. It must be remembered that there are at least
five hundred trees in California wfoich are really entitled to
be called giant trees, and that these are found in many
rather widely separated groups. The Mariposa Grove, near
the Yosemlte Valley, Is ow.ned and cored for by the State
of California, while the United States holds at National
parks two tracts of land on which big trees stand. Tho
Calaveras group, the first to be discovered, contains about
a hundred very fine giant trees, and has been well main
tained and preserved. It is private property, and, of late
years at least, has not yielded a reasonable profit on the
price paid by the present owner, $100,000. There Is, there
fore, great danger that the trees may be cut down and sold
-It Is said that a single sequoia might yield 50,000 feet of
lumber. It seems evident that California should have pur
chased the Calaveras Grove at the very moderate prlco
named above, but the State authorities have hoped that tho
United States would buy the tract as a National park; Con-1
gress, however, bas seemed averse to this, and has refused
an appropriation for the purpose. It Is now suggested that
a public subscription should be made, or that an Individual
benefactor should present the famous grove to the nation.1
In one way or another the destruction threatened should
be averted. New York Outlook.
HAS MUNICIPAL ICE FACTORY
A Matter of Hpclling.
Justlce Morgan J. O'Brien, while or.
his way to his sent at the dinner given
by tbe Society of the Friendly Sons
of St. Patrick, spied among tho guest
Abe" Gruber. He looked at the little
lawyer for a second and then said.
with evident amazement:
"Why, 'Abe,' what arc you doing
here 7 This Is a gathering of Irishmen.
sons of K.rln."
"Ho am I," said Gruber, "I am a
son of Erin, only our people spell It
differently A-a-r-o-n." New York
An Km tuple of tiood Lack.
"Do you believe In luck?"
"Sometimes. See that fat
with the red hat over there 7"
"Twenty-two years ago she refused
to marry me."-Clevelaod Tlaln dealer.
"Going on tbe stage? Tea, bnt caa
"Well. I abould aay so, abe com
pletely captivated tbe jury when abe
waa teetlfylng la ber divorce case."
Nothing caa keep aome men from
dot- fool trtcka. The writer of this
la on of (been.
City of Wolverhampton In Kaiilanil
Hncccaafnllr Conduct One.
The first municipality In England to
establish a municipal Ice factory under
the approval of the local government
board Is Wolverhampton, says the Mu
nicipal Journal and Engineer. The
board has authorized the council to
make Ice and sell It to its customers
and will allow any surplus to be pur
chased by other traders. Despite the
many objections that were raised
against this undertaking, on the
grouud that It was too doubtful for
any municipality to assume, tho offi
cials went ahead with their plans.
The council fortunately decided to
Incorporate with the Ice factory cold
stores and this union ef Interests
yields better results than If the cold
stores were undertaken alone. In fact
the men Interested In the work felt
that to cut out the manufacture of Ice
from the scheme would absolutely ruin
It from a financial standxilnt.
Tho estimated demand for Ice In
Wolverhampton Is about 1,500 tons a
year and a manufactory producing
seven tons a day could meet this con
sumption; but to provide for any pos
sible Increase In the city, a plant of
ten tons output per day was Installed
and arrangements were made so that
this could be Increased to twenty tons
If iiev-essnry. The cost of the build
ings aud Insulating waa estimated at
$2H,500 and for Uls necessary machin
ery and appliances $18,750, making a
total of $17,250. It is estimated that
the running expenses will be $10,005,
which includes 2'j per cent allowance
for depreciation and sinking fund and
Internet on tho loan. The cold atorea
have a capacity of 24000 cubic feet,
which If let at 20 cents per foot will
produce $4,800, and calculating on four
months, 1300 tons of Ice at fd.23 per
Ion, would bring In $8,128, a total of
f I2.A28 and a profit of ll.OO.
Tbe borough engineer, after ooaaMer
ing the different mctboda of commer-
THE NEW BRITISH SUBMARINE DESTROYER.
This Is the type of the new submarine boat destroyer which boa
been approved by the British navy. In addition to carrying the regular
torpedo tube and projectile In the bow, the strange craft Is equipped with
nn "outrigger" .torpedo, charged with thirty-five pounds of gun cotton,
which Is pushed against the submarine or other ship to be destroyed.
dully producing cold, such as' cold air,
liquefaction, vacuum, absorption and
compression systems decided on the
one In use. This was the one In which
the cold Is produced by an ammonia
compression machine. The three prin
cipal methods of transmitting the cold
were the direct expansion system, In
which ammonia Is directly expanded
Into a aeries of tubes hung from the
celling; the brine circulation system;
aud the cold air current system, In
which the tubes, whether dry or wet,
are placed In a chamber and air Is
caused to flow over them. Mr. Brad
ley chose the last as the most prefera
The cold Is produced by the evapora
tion of anhydrous ammonia In a series
of wrought-lron colls submerged Id a
rectangular tank containing brine. In
the brine are the molds In which the
Ice la formed. The cold brine congeals
tbe water In tbe tanks and the clear
Ice la produced by tbe use of hydrau
lic agitation gear, by means of which
the email quantity of air In the water
Is extracted. After the ammonia has
been evaporated In tbe Ice tank oalla
tbe vapori art drawn back Into (he
compressor and delivered Into an am
monia condenser on the roof of tho
engine house, where they are liquefied.
The work of cooling In the cold
rooms Is produced In a similar manner,!
but Instead of the evaporator colls be
ing submerged In a tank they are built
up In the form of a battery. Thla la
placed In a duct which la so arranged
that air Is drawn In at one end by
means of an electrically driven faa,
and being cooled by tbe colls, is dt-i
trlbuted from the other end to the vari
ous storerooms. Tbe advantage of tbla
system Is the entire absence of mois
ture on account of tbe cold, dry air
used, and a further advantage hi tbo
fact that the whole power of tbe ptaat
may be concentrated In any one place
If It Is desired to cool aucb room re
Idly. Kleotrtotty la tbo atot.
In England tbe Sunderland tewa
council bas decided to aupply, elec
tricity for tbo lighting of tbo work-'
moo's dwelling awaed by tbe araale
ipallty on tbo poany-la-tbe-alot arta-
clple, one pea ay to pay for aa ota
candle power Bght toattag Ira aad aao-
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