Harrison press-journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1899-1905, July 31, 1902, Image 6

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r Tort s to Kake TJs.-ful a Biver That
I"iow3 Tight Miles Under Ground.
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Travelers through the wild districts
Of the state of Sonora, Mex., not in
frequently come across a human skele
ton fastened in a tree. It is a reminder
of the warfare of the Yaqui Indians of
that state, one of the last tribes to ac
cept the peaceful conditions estab
lished by President Diaz.
Instead of burying the bodies of their
victims or leaving them unburied In
the field, the Yaqtiis fasten them se
curely in the branches of trees, where
their bones serve as a warning to such
as follow alter.
Except in isolated parts of Sonora,
the Vaqnis now give little trouble, and
President Diaz's good soldi: 8 wil' soon
establish p--ace throughout lb e::t!re
In the Bethlehem Iron Works is the
largest and costliest steam hammer in
the world. This powerful pounding
apparatus is used for the forging of
large masf es of metal, such as armor
plates and shafts for steam engines,
which require the heaviest of force to
press thens to the necessary hardness.
bo as the interior is rendered as thor
oughly 'worked as the exterior.
. This Riant battering ram weighs 125
tons and is vertical acting, having a
hammer attached to a piston rod which
is raised by steam power, with a work
ing pressure of 120 pounds to the
square inch.
The hammer stands ninety feet alwve
the ground and measures thirty-eight
feet across tts base, and Its fall pro
duces the blow. The terrific velocity of
the blow is said to be about equal to
the striking force of a dozen locomo
tives going at full speed.
One of the largest and most Import
ant forgings of this hammer turned out
was the ingot of steel, weighing ninety-nine
gross tons, which formed the
breech nd of the new 18-inch army
coast defense gun. the largest weapon
In the world, now being finished by the
government at the Watervliet Arsenal.
Three men were disputing In Berlin
the other day as to which of them had
the best memory, and, finally, they
asked Ocar Blumenthal, a well-known
writer, to decide the matter.
"Road me any page of Goethe's prose
works," said one of the three, "and I
will at once repeat it, word for word."
"I can do better than that," said the
second one. "Put me In a corner of
this room and I will piay three games
of chess simultaneously without ever
looking at the boards."
"That's nothing to what I can do;
said the first speaker again. "Begin a
conversation with me now about the
most absu'd things possible, and at the
end of an hour I will repeat the entire
conversation to you."
The third man was silent, and Blu
menthal said to him: "Why don't you
tell us what you can do? A few min
utes ago you were boasting a good deal
of your wonderful memory."
"I know It," was the reply, "but I
WId not then know that my two friends
took the matter so seriously. And as
they are so much In earnest I will not
try to surpass them, for I cannot for
get that each of them did me a favor
"Yesterday?" asked Blumenthal.
"Yn," was the reply.
"And you have not yet forgotten It?
f th.t case the laurels belong to yon.
tr vnu have. Indeed, a wonderful
Society In Newport la all In a flutter
ovor the (act that representatives of
tfcm royal families are due to vUlt
ml Maciaa rwn wunn nnu.
rw mm Oraad Dvka Boris of Rum la,
lfrr Mtatatf to th caw and fourth
tittM Of WBOHirwi to th Imperial
ini: t3w stow pr0 Cam, and
1 . QM of Cfciaa. Dak Boris Is
JiFSA, try C Praamm; ths
In all ages men of learning and sci
ence have dreamed of the possibility of
finding, by the use of an Instrument,
metal hidden in the earth, but It has
remained for Fred H. Brown, of Gar
vanza, Cal., to work out the idea to a
practical solution.
He has invented a machine which he
calls an electrical divining rod and ore
analyzer. It will detect the presence
of and analyze metallic ore in rocks
instantly, whether on table, dump, top
of ground or in tunnels or shafts. It
gives a positive idea of the compara
tive quality and quantity of the metal
contained in the rocks, and is most
valuable in assorting ores in dumps.
In telling about bi3 divining rod ,Mr.
Brown said: "I measure the resistance
of the earth as a conductor between
terminals a definite and known dis
tance apart These measurements are
repeated at various points in the vi
cinity, and they are then compared
with each other. If the resistance eo
measured at one point varies from that
at another point to a material degree,
then the presence in the earth of an
ore or mineral at the point where the
vibration occurs is indicated.
The next step is to determine the
depth of the ore, mineral and the like,
beneath the surface of the earth. This
result I accomplished by varying the
distance of space between the terminals
For instance, if the ore is located SO
feet below the surface of the eatrh then
Its presence will not be Indicated if
the measurements of resistance are
taken through 100 or less feet of earth,
for the reason that the current, follow
ing the well-known law of seeking the
path of least resistance, will pass direct
ly from one terminal to another and
without being affected by the ore or
"If. however, the distance of separa
tion of the terminals be increased to
200 or more feet, th-n the ore or the
mineral will offer a path of less re
sistance to the current as compared
with the resistance offered thereto by
the same distance of the earth with
out o-c3 or minerals, and hence, by
thus varying the distance through
which the measurements are taken and
comparing such measurements, the
depth of the ore beneath the surface
of the earth may be accurately determined.
There Is a novel and practical way of
planting potatoes and seeds. The new
device Intended for this purpose con
sists of several tubes, each of which is
a certain distance away from the oth
ers. The reason why the tubes nre bo ar
ranged Is In order that the potatoes or
Ns .
JSN1. t.
Idaho Statesman: Prof. Edward J
M"1, xprt in charge of irrigation In
vrsticntion fur the department of agri
culture, writes cncoarsgir.g inters lo
Sla'e Engineer Ross regarding the fu
ture of irrigation work in Idaho. -V.r.
Roes Is a personal friend of Prcf.
M"ad's end the Washing: n expert is
kli.e'y d;spO''i toward Idaho and its
(Treat" future as an lrrip:iUon tint".
Prof. Mend Las so expressed himself
in numerous letters. Prcf. J. D. Ktan-n-'.rd,
one of Prof.Mea1'8 most aeeom
lisiie.j risMsiatYts, is' riow'wor kin? 'under
he direction of State Engineer Hosa
in the Big Ken river valley.
Tli ,..Trt of ' til" !.0?t riVwr V'lllev"
dots not sound as though thr" would
be much water to irrigU'- with, hut
i-fite Engineer Ross says it Is a proiiuc
tiv country. The river seta low
through its course. At one pl'icf, for a
distance of eight miles, it disappears
entirely, only to reappear again as the
imperious strata ep;.rorcb the yurfnee.
The valiey of Big Ixist river is long
and narrow, but thu soil is of great
richness. It is th" object of th pres"iif
ix'iu'vy to determine upon the cost of
building a fcfon-.ae reservoir that will
boil the wnt"r of Big Lout river not far
from Its source. The fact that the riv r
Kinks into th" s'jbfctrata of gravel will
makf no dif-'nce. Ths engineer in-?
problem 'U's not deal with thi tern
n;:rary di;p.;-pea-anre of the water, but
th holding of It in reserve. It will be
allowed ;o r.m in it:; natural channel,
as th hi.: ; frota jiercolation or absorp
tion is r"'ac"d to a mimimum while
th" ptream i-, be'ow the surface.
T'n -e prol.l ms :ire now engaging the
r-.nr..;,,n f.f irof. stannard in his work.
Tin- town cf Mackav is in the enter of
rh iV.v, Lo.'O river irrigation dir-trlct.
ar-'l ih p'oplc of that section are wide;
r.x.ike to t:is proposed storage reser
voir ent'TpriK". They have an active
'ir.raniRjtion amcir; the Irrigators, anil
b.r-.ve raid money to help along the
project. The p-ople are students of the
groat problem, and have encourag"'
.State Engineer Hoss to aid them in
filorinrj water.
seeds may fall Into their proper places
as soon ax they are dropped through
the tube. Heeds, when sown, must be
placed at regular distances apart from
each other, and they are bound to fall
In their proper places if dropped
through tubes that bar been properly
I!, la
Tbsrs la aow
wkih foMs to ta Ulekaasj of
a glass
Since F. B. Thurber testified before
.e senate committee that be re
i.iived money from Gen. Wood and H.
O. Eavtmeyer to forward success of
Cuban bill, the beet sugar men have
been incessant in their tiss of that
f.ict to defeat its passage.
King Edward waited a long time to
nount the English throne, and may yet
full to reach it as a real king.
An TJp-to-Bate Accessory to Ecclesi
astical Edifices.
Philadelphia Record: "The modern
up-to-date church," said an archit'ict
who is now working on plans for a
larire suburban place of worship, "has
nany equipments that were not thought
of several years ago. It may sound
strange to speak of a safe In a church,
especially In view of the old saying,
'As safe as a church.' And yet quite a
number of churches now have safes
In them; not necessarily to keep money
In. for church funds are usually kept
eles where, but for the preservation of
books and recorus. togeinpr witn ine
niitfor r,l&tB thpt Is often of ereat value.
The average communion service, for
Instance, is usually or the Heaviest sil
ver nH rometimes of mid where the
congregation is a very rich one. A wife
guards against fir? as we!) as burglars.
and has no welcome to ue regarueq as
quite essential."
Ilia Left-Handed Compliment to the
Late Lord Lelghton.
TVh.i.i hp i.i-tr! 'it K-.if. hamia Is. in fact, the latest achievement of
fereth not from fatigue, and It quiuetn Just watch It, If you please. The electricity as applied, for power pur-,
not even at the luuch hour, and yet It packs of grain come aboard by a sort of pos"s.
loada wheat upon a v8l in a stvle far trolley and are dumped into the hold The photograph is from the Year
possibllitiee of human at the rate ol one every two seconds, u iothiiuk ui mimmn ui6m
beyond the
James Anderson, a deputy sheriff of
Springfield, Mass., has the unusual dis
tinction of being the only man who en
joys membership in the (Irand Array of
the Republic and In the corresponding
org-mizai Ion of Southern soldiers
known as the Confederate Veterans.-
Mr. Anderson's connection with the
Confederate Veterans came about in a
happy manner and has resulted in
much fraterr'iv between the blue and
the gray. He was a member of Com
pany M, Thirty-first Maine Volunteers,
und thus had an opportunity to place
an o;,tf;iiaic on the bravery of the Con
federate f-oldier from personal experi
ence. The garrison at Fort Davis, in front
of Petersburg, of which Mr. Anderson
was a member, was under practically
continuous fire from November, latil,
to April 2, 1805.
A visit to Petersburg in 1802 chanced
to be at the time a delegation from
Michigan was present, to return a bat
tle flag belonging to the Petersburg
Grays. While at the hotel on the even
ing of li is arrival Mr. Anderson was
surprised to receive a call from Mr.
Hugh H. Smith, who stated that he had
been deb eated to Invite Mr. Anderson,
as a Northern soldier, to be present on
the occasion of the return of the bat
tle flag. Mr. Anderson accepted the in
vitation. Oreat was his surprise to hear not
only expressions of loyalty to the Unl-
New York Times: Here, according
to an artist Just returned from Paris,
la James McNeill Whistler's latest:
A group of American and English
artists were discussing the manifold
perfections of the late Ixird Ieghlon,
p.-esident of the Royal academy.
"ExiulBite iwdcian. Played the
violin like a professional." said one.
"One of the best dressed men In 1iti
don." said another.
"Danced divinely," remarked the
"Ever read his essays?" asked a
fourth. "In my opinion, they're the
best thing of the kind ever written."
Whistler, who had remained rilent,
tapped the last speaker on the shoul
der. "Painted, too, didn't he?" he said.
One of the most Important matters
brought before the alumnae of Mount
St. Agnes college, Mount Washington,
at their recent annual reunion, was the
announcement of the establishment of
a perpetual scholarship by Miss Kafh
orlne Psdlan of New York by the Rift
of $5,000 to the college. Following the
announcement and tne framing and
adoption of the gift, a second scholar
ship was founded by the association It
self. The second gift to the college
will be continued for one,year only, and
will ccme as a jubilee 'offering from
the alumnae. In honor of the Jubilee cel-
.kilii r.t Dm UntliM W Alnvaltta
which will take place lo August
ted States, but of love for the flag from
the men who bad fought the federal
armies with such determination 35
years before.
While Mr. Anderson was marveling
at his experience ho suddenly found
j himself forcibly pulled to his feet and
introduced o the gathering by Mr. Sim
on Sif-U'ft rd one of the foremost busi
ness nien of Petersburg, who said: "Mr.
Commander, hero'p another of those
'Yanks,'" and, turning to Mr. Ander
son, lie said In a tone of unmistakable
friendliness. "Ot up here: we want to
hear from you." Mr. Anderson was
taken by surprl.se. but spoke from his
heart In a manner that captivated his
The result was that A. P. Hill Camp
of Confederate Veterans of Petersburg
received nn invitation to send a delega-.
tion of It.i members to visit E. K, Wil
cox Grand Army post of Springfield.
The Invitation was accepted, and on
a wintry night in February the South
erners arrived and were royally enter
tained. So delighted were the Confederate
veterans with the hospitality shown
them In Springfield that upon their re
turu borne they sent an Invitation for
the Wilcox post to visit A. P. Hill
camp. The V, A. It men went to Pe
tersburg, and by so doing established
a lasting friendship between the two
Soon after the visit of the Grand
Army men to Petetsbcrg A. P. Hill post
voted unanimously lo make Mr. Ander
son a contributing member of the camp,
a distinction enjoyed by no othet
Northern soldier In any Confederate
camp In the South.
7'! a
i i 'miwn asu mitmu i,nsn n lAUWiiy'wuaHn n hi
moiograpnea sine ny side is shown 40 years. as R employed on the Baltimore & Ohl.
in a striking manner how the railroad In ,,m '"'ground is seen the largest or the Pennsylvania. The latter li
'I'0 of engine In use In 1SG0; behind It capable of drawing more than a dozet
locomotive haa grown within the last is the biggest locomotive of today, such times as many cars as the former.
Bust urns are now contrivances to
keep the departed near us and remove
much of the horror associated with
burial of the dead In graves.
The bust Is an excellent likeness of
Mrs. Helen Pierce Spencer, a descendant
of President Pierce. It is made of
plaster of parls and modeled from a
photograph of the lady. The cast stands
upon a small metallic safe of inde
structible material, alumina and lltan
lum, the latter being the strongest
metal known, this receptacle contain
ing the ashes of the deceased.
The bust urn rests on a portable oak
cabinet and occupies niche No. 191 In
the lower rotunda of the columbarium
at Mount Olivet, adjoining Lutheran
cemetery, Brooklyn. It is the first ever
dedicated to the preserration of morta
ary asfesa.
In Paris a new method for destroying
lost dogs has been devised. Thirty of
the condemned animals are placed in a
rage, which Is rolled on to a platform
and then sinks by hydraulic force about
six feet into the earth, where It is her
metically closed. Carbonic acid Is
then turned on, and In the upace of 40
seconds every dog dies without a
"By the old system," says Mr. E. S.
Glavls, who has studied this new
method, "namely, the use of common
gas, the dogs suffered for two or three
minutes. In the London pounds a
mixture of carbonic acid gaii and
chloroform 1 used, lint tho authorities
in Paris decided that as carbonic acid
gas is one of the most powerful
anaesthetics known the chloroform was
"In the pounds of some of t'm cities
In the L'nlted States electricity in used
for the destruction of dogs, but. while
this causes Instant death, only one dog
can. as I understand it, be killed at a
The cost of the new lethal chamber
in Paris was $1,130.
Oreat Herring Machine.
Very clever Is a Swedish inventor
named Elki nberg, w ho has constructed
a machine which takes herrings as
they come from the not, sorts them In
to the four sizes recognized by the
trade, scrapes off their scales, cuts off
their beads, spills, cleans and washes
them Inside and out.
The machine does all this automatic
ally, and turns out twenty thousand
herrings per hour.
One of the big floating herring fac
tories which go out from UoU'borg to
the herring banks Is to be equipped
with the astonishing spparatus, which
ought to effect a revolution In the piics
of bioattra.
Very artistic are the household arti
cles wrought by ordinary peasants in
Bosnl. Moreover, those who fashioned
them had no delicate tools for this pur
pose, and, as a rule, UBed only common
kitchen knives.
In things artistic these children of
the soil delight, and there is hardly s
utensil in their humble homes which Is
not decorated and ornamented in some,
way. The articles In the accompanying
picture furnish a fine example of their.
skill as wood engravers. They include
shepherds' flutes, a distaff, an Instru
ment for carding wool and vessels for
holding water. In each case the en
graving Is harmonious and truly artis
tic both as regards conception and ex
ecution. During the last year or two man
tourists from all countries have gon
to Bosnia, and that Is why the fine
artistic ability of these untutored peas
ants now attracting attention.
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