Harrison press-journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1899-1905, July 31, 1902, Image 5

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    7" '
REBBASM STATE NEWS NOTES.
Stat Fair Offices Opened.
Lincoln, Neb. (Speclul.) A tempora
ry office of the board of managers of
the mate fair has been established at
the statehouse and will be maintained
there until Secretary Furnas opens
headquarters In this city. Q. O. Fur
ras, superintendent of concessions, and
8. C. Ilassett, member of the board of
agriculture, are looking after the pre
llmlnary work, or as much of It as is
. felng done In this city. The board's
headquarters will be opened about Au
gust 15. probably in the Llndt.ll hotel.
"All we want now to make the state
fair a big success Is good weather.1
said "Mr. Basst-tt. ''If We huve good
weather we will have lots of people
we already have exhibits In prospect
that warrant us in saying that the
fair will surpass previous efforts.
"We are reliably informed that for
the first time In several years the farm
Implement dealers will be represented
by big displays. This will add to the
attractiveness of the fair and ought to
be appreciated. An effort was made to
get all the dealers Into another combi
nation to stay out, but several de
cllned, arid it now luoks as though
most of the firms will be represented.
We have given on firm permission to
erect a permanent building on the
grounds and it Is understood that oth
ers will soon ask for the same privl
lege."
Secretary Furnas Is hard at work at
his home in Brownville arranging for
the exposition and distributing adver
tlslng matter and literature calculated
to bring forth many thousands of
people. Among the Improvements on
the grounds are several new livestock
barns, now nearly completed. The fair
will open on August 29 and close on
September 6.
Governor Savage Returns.
Lincoln, Neb. (Special.) Governor
Savage returned to his duties Saturdy
after nearly a month's absence. He
came direct from Denver, unaccompa
nled. The trip Included brief stops at Se-
attle, where the governor and his
friends attended the laying of the keel
of the battleship Nebraska; Tacoma
Los Angeles, Pasadena, the Catlllna
islands, Stockton, San Francisco, Salt
Lake City and Denver.
Governor Savage says the Nebraska
will be one of the biggest and most
modern battleships In the navy. It
will have a displacement of between
14.000 and 15,000 tons, will cost J3.500.000
and will have an armament equal to
that of any Bhlp In the navy. The
builders, Moran Bros., informed him
that It would be an improvement over
the Oregon. The citizens of Seattle
raised a subscription fund of $100,000
to add to the government's appropria
tion for the rhlp, this being done to
insure lu construction within their
city.
Valuation Shows Inoreaae.
Lincoln, Neb. (Specla.) The returns
show that the total assessed valuation
of all the property In the state, In
cluding the assessment on railroad and
telegraph property as fixed by the state
board of equalization Is 1179,977,314.97.
This is J3.53S.219 greater than the as
sessed valuation last year.
Of this entire Increase, over 13,000,000
wai made In Douglas county. Lan
tasur county Bhowed a falling off of
over J.'OO.OOO.
" ' The board of equalization is anxious
to complete the work of equalizing the
rate of levy among the counties.
Short News Briefs.
Falls City, Neb.-The Rev. H. Bex
of the Catholic church of this city
celf braled his silver jubilee. High mans
was celebrated by him In the morning
In the evening his friends save him a
sui prise party.
Table Kock, Neb. Edgar Jobe, the
youth who was reported to have been
carried away by a tramp at Emer
son, la., appeared at the residence of
his slHter, Mrs. Kdward Wheeler, Sun
day, and was recognized with diffi
culty. Beatrice, Neb. George M. Berllng
hof was selected as the architect to
draw the plans for the new Carlegle
library. The library board received
and considered specimens of work
from all the architects In town.
Table Hock, Neb.-The funeral of
George W. Welder, one of the oldest
settlers In this vicinity, was held yes
terday, lie leaves a son and a daugh
ter, and was 69 years of age. For a
number of years he had charge of the
"Colonel Cropsey lands." Mrs. Welde
died three months ago.
Falrbury. As the result of a mys
terious accident, E. L. Cllne's It-mcnths-old
son was found lying In the
street with a fracture of the right
thigh and severe bruises about tho
head. It Is thought he may have been
atru k by a bicycle.
A local branch olhe National Soci
ety of the Army ot the Philippine? has
been organized at Lincoln with the
following ofllceis: President. Captain
L. Wilson, late First Nebraska, U. S.
V.; first vice president, Captain Harry
ti. Archer, late First Nebraska,
Pettr Morgenson, living near the
Missouri river, south of Plattsmnuth,
bad a narrow escape during the storm
last week. When the cloudburst came
Op, he and his wife and two children
fled to the stoim cellar. After the
worst of the storm had passed, they
noticed that water was rapidly filling
the cava and tried to get out, but the
door was fastened from without. Mr.
Morgenson secured spade and dug
through the cave Just a few minutes
before It filled with water. The door
fc4 been Jammed shut
TWO LULLABIES.
The paint was cracked on the doll baby's
face
nd the rumpled hair would not curl.
But with motherly kindness she saw only
grace
The dear little mite of a girl;
She had no shoes for the bare, broken feet,
Hut tho Kockaby I-ady came near
When the little child-woman, so sleepily
sweet.
Sang: "Lullaby, lullaby, dear!"
There were pitiful scars on the little boy's
face,
But she found a beauty somewhere,
And the woman's heart broke when she
saw the dim place
Where they laid him to sleep with
prayer;
Eut still there's song in tho hush of the
nlKht.
For the angels came down very near
And .wUh- tinners of rts-t m the -child- wo
man's SlKht
Sing: "Lullaby, lullaby, dear!'
Smart Set.
His One Homance.
BY HON. W. H. (BUCK) HINKICHSEN.
(Copyright. 1901, by Authors' Syndicate.)
T WAS 10 o'clock in the
morning when Mr. Henry
Wentworth alighted from
the train at Malvern sta
tlon. He beheld a dreary
prospect, for, aside from
station, water tank, and
section house, there was
no building in sight- The
prairie was open in every direc
tion, with no sign of a road and
only an occasional small cloud of
smoke that indicated the location of
some settler's cabin in the distance. The
station master looked at him In some
surprise, for passengers seldom stopped
at Malvern. Finally Mr. Wentworth,
turning to him, said:
"How can I get to Greenwood?"
The agent rubbed his face reflective
ly. "I don't know, I'm sure, he re
plied, "unless but wait a moment"
and he disappeared around the corner
of the station. He returned almost in
stantly, saying: "I guess Miss Wallace
will take you over.
"Miss Wallace?" said the stranger.
Inquiringly.
"Yes, you see," said' the agent, "since
the building of the Forest branch peo
ple seldom stop off here, and what town
we had moved down to the junction 20
miles west. You should have gone on
there and taken the branch, which
would have taken you to Greenwood by
noon. No one lives here now but the
railroad men, and there is no one to
take you over. Miss Wallace brought
her brother over to take the Denver
train this morning, and she is now at
the section house watering her horse."
"Will you call her, please?
The agent stared. "Hadn't we better
go see her she might not come if we
called her.
Mr. Wentworth, slightly surprised
said: "Very well," and followed the
agent around the station to the section
house.
He saw a pretty young lady, trimly
clad in a neat costume and wearing a
very broad straw hat. She was watch
ing a horse refresh himself from a pall
of water, which stood on the ground
before him.
"Miss Wallace," said the agent, "this
gentleman wants to go to Greenwood.
Can you take him over?
The young woman gave the stranger
a quick look and replied, carelessly: "1
suppose so, if he is ready to start at
once.
"I am quite ready," replied Mr. Went
worth.
"Any baggage?" she asked.
"A small box and a valise."
"All right, I'll drive around to the
platform for them and you," and she
proceeded to give further attention to
the horse.
In a few moments the man found
himself seated by her side in a light
wagon, while they drove at a fair pace
southward.
Mr. Wentworth was a bachelor of 45,
whose life had been psent in his law of
fice In Chicago. He had put off marriage
till he should become rich, but by that
time his habits had become so fixed
that he did not care to change them.
Besides he had been so pursued by
mothers with eligible daughters, and
In no little degree by the daughters
themselves, that he had grown to re
garu all women as husband hunters,
and bad gradually settled into the habit
of avoiding all that were marriageable.
He was good tempered, liberal and
companionable, but, like most men In
his situation, was neIllHh and slightly
pgotistlcal. He was well preserved and
regarded himself as still a young man,
whom any woman would be delighted
to honor or bo honored as the case
might be.
Miss Wallace handled her horse care
lessly, but confidently, and this Mr.
Wentworth noticed. She said nothing,
but drove along as though she were
alone.
"How far Is It to Greenwood?" asked
Mr. Wentworth, after a silence of ten
minutes.
Nine miles a little over an hour's
drive," she replied.
"Do you make this trip often?
"No, not now."
"What is the population of Green
wood ?"
"Three thousand."
"Indeed. I had not thought it so
large."
"You have not seen the last census
perhaps," she remarked, drily.
He looked pusrzlcti but said nothing.
Here was evidently a woman who did
not regard him in the light of a pros
pective husband.
Suddenly she pulled up the horsn
sharply, and, handing him the lines,
sprang to the ground, whip In hand. Mr.
Wentworth was surprised to see her
striking the grass vigorously until ho
saw the particular object of her attack
a large rattlesnake. The blows of the
whip soon destroyed the reptile, and
she stepped Into the wagon, exhibiting
In triumph the string of rattles which
proclaimed Its ago and size.
Now Mr. Wentworth feared and dis
liked snakes and he looked with some
fear and admiration on the young wom
an who had attacked and killed one of
the poisonous species.
'Are yoti not afraid to drive across
the prairies alone?" he remarked as
they continued their Journey. '
"Oh, no; look them," and she point
ed to a light gun resting In a couple of
hooks arranged for Its reception on the
dashboard of the wagon.
He hnd not noticed It. "You can
shoot, then?" he remarked.
"Certainly."
Ho gave her his card. She told blm
bar father's name and that be owned
sr. 1 '.!
I a farm at the edge of Greenwood where
they lived.
He Informed her that In the course
of business be had also acquired a farm
from a man named Holden and that it
was also near Greenwood. His visit was
for the purpose of examining this farm.
"Oh, the old Holden farm! That JoinB
father's place." She looked Interested
for the first time. "It is a good piece of
land, but the Improvements are poor."
"I hope to better them."
"You are not going to live there?"
"No. but I want to put the farm In
such shape that I can get a good ten
ant for It."
"You had better come and stop with
us." she said as they approached the
straggling town. "The hotel is not very
good and we have plenty of room.
Father will be glad to havo you."
He looked surprised at this young
lady who gave the invitation so freely.
"Oh, It's all right," she said, smiling,
"this is not Chicago."
So he accepted and received a hearty
welcome from Mr. and Mrs. Wallace.
That afternoon Lucy Wallace drove
him over his farm of six hundred acres
or more, and with great tact and busi
ness ability which he could not but ad
mire, she pointed out its advantages
and defects, and on her recommenda
tion he called on the principal contrac
tor of the town, and made arrange
ments for the erection of a new house
and barn with other suitable buildings.
The contractor, Tom Clifford, quite a
young man, seemed to defer greatly to
Lucy's Judgment, and her plans for a
house were readily accepted by Mr.
Wentworth.
For ten days, Mr. Wentworth re
mained a guest of the Wallaces, dur
ing which time Lucy was his chief ad
viser. He found her well educated, mod
est and lady-like, and in spite of her
independent ways, he soon saw that
she would grace any society.
"You have made my visit a very
pleasant one," he told her when he took
his leave.
"Then you will come again soon, I
hope?"
"You may be sure of that," he re
plied. He returned to Chicago, but he was
not happy. He missed Lucy's com
pany. After amonth's mental struggle
he gave up the fight against inclination
and resolved to marry her. "I love the
girl,' he said to himself. "And when I
go back to inspect the improvements,
I shall propose before I leave there."
In the meantime the work on his
farm was going forward. Lucy rode
over every day to see how the work was
getting along. Tom Clifford, the con
tractor, was always there when she
called. Each received an occasional let
ter from Mr. Wentworth.
"Do you know, Tom," said she one
day. "I believe I made an impression
on Mr. Wentworth."
"Of course you did."
"But I mean "
Tom looked troubled.
"Yes, I believe I ought to have told
him of our engagement"
"But he must be nearly fifty years
old, at least."
"That is true, Tom, but he thinks
himself a young man still."
"I am sorry for him, dear, If he has
fallen In love with you."
"So am I, and I had better let him
know In some way at once."
The building would be ready in a
month and Mr. Wentworth wrote that
he would be there at that time to re
ceive them.
Lucy replied to his letter and asked
him to come a week earlier so as to be
present at her wedding. "Tom Clifford,
your contractor, is the unfortunate
man," she wrote. "Of course you sus
pected our engagement. Now do come
to the wedding we all want you so
much."
When Mr. Wentworth read this letter
he felt like the earth had fallen from
beneath him. This was a new side to
the question. It had not occurred to
him that Lucy might be engaged. He
had believed it only necessary to pro
pose and be accepted. He left his office
for that day and went to his bachelor
home. He read the letter many times.
He waB humiliated and angry, hut final
ly a better feeling ruled him. He wrote
a pleasant reply with proper congratu
lations, promising to be present at the
wedding.
The day he was expected to arrive at
Greenwood. Lucy received through the
express office a large envelope con
taining some papers. The first of these
was a letter from Mr. Wentworth. Af
ter several lines devoted to wishes for
her happiness, It said: "I am sorry I
cannot be present at your marriage. I
start for Europe tomorrow on impor
tant business and may be gone a year.
Inclosed, I send you a bridal gift.
Please accept It without demur."
The Inclosure was a deed to Lucy
Wallace for the Greenwood farm.
TO CHANGE NEGRO'S COLOR.
Fake Preparation Finds Ready Sale in
the South.
There are advertised In the South
nostrums which It Is pretended will
turn the complexion white. That
shade Is guaranteed only to mulattoes,
but the advertisers of the drugs pro
fess that even the darkest skin may be
made from four to five shades lighter.
whatever degree of charnge that may
show.
With this preparation are thrown In
mixtures to make the hair straight.
The combination is put in a box, and
at the price of $1 finds many purchas
ers. The profits of this enterprise are
so great that several rival firms make
large sums out of It every year.
Htrong acids applied to tho skin will,
of course, take off the outer skin. This
may tend to lighten the color of a com
plexion to some small degree. The ef
fect will not be permanent and the
application of tho liquids must he fre
quent. The same sort of prepartlon
used to be sold to remove sunburn. It
took off the tan, hut it took the skin
with It, and after a while tho effect of
this diluted acid on the skin was found
to be so Injurious that it went out of
uso altogether.
Swindling Chinese Dead.
A curious Industry In China Is the
manufacture of mock money for offer
ings to the dead. The pieces are only
half the size of real coins, but the dead
are supposed not to know the differ
ence. The dummy coins are made out of
tin, hammered to the thinness of paper
and stamped out to the site required.
Dr. L. C. Warner, of New York, Is
named as the new president of Oberlln
college. He has already (riven wore
than 1200.000 to the Institution.
Interesting Tale in Autobiogra
phy of General Lew Wallace.
New York letter: General Lew Wal
lace has surpassed all his efforts as a
fiction writer in the true story which
he will tell in his forthcoming and
long-awaited autobiography the tle
of his own personal encounter with
one of the most dreaded depseradoes
this country has ever known.
The story is one of Gen. iew Wal
lace's exciting experiences while gov
ernor of the territory of New Mexico,
when he was brought face to face in the
middle of the desert, at dead of nighjt
and -under -- extraordinary- attendant
circumstance?., with "Billy the Kid,"
who of all the many picturesque out
laws whose careers are part of the Wild
West's history, stands out a distinct
and solitary personality.
Instances are on record of strange as
signations made between defiers of the
law and its representatives, where the
latter sought to gain some legitimate
end by holding the perilous interview
but romance in its wildest flights never
Imagined any episode more absolutely
in recital than this record of stern
reality.
The story, too, brings into sharpest
contrast the West of the past and the
west of today. Imagine such an occur
rence happening at the present time!
It was twenty-five years ago. Billy
the Kid was in 1879 the personification
of all that meant terror to the people
of New Mexico his name was the
watchword of a desperate and devoted
following.
Hoping to find out something that
would inure to the benefit of the law.
Gen. Wallace exposed himself to infinite
peiil in risking his meeting with the
outlaw.
But Billy the Kid was himself far
from secure in agreeing to meet the
governor; he stood in peril of his life
by making the appointment and keep
ing it. Between the two principals, of
course, the strictest honor and good
faith was observed.
The meeting was held, near mid
night, in a lonely cabin on the desert
near Santa Fe. General Wallace was on
the spot first, and sat waiting for the
outlaw with no other companion than
the solitary owner of the cabin. When
Billy the Kid arrived he stood at the
door, covering, with a revolver and a
Winchester, the two men Inside. He
first asked "if the governor was one
of the two?" as he had an appointment
with him at that precise hour. He
looked like a boy, this notorious West
ern terror, slim and soft-voiced, yet he
stood there the living embodiment of
resistance to law and order.
The general offered his hand, but the
outlaw did not take it until he- had
uttered the formal statement that he
had been promised the official protec
tion. When this was reassured to him,
he and the governor took seats facing
each other at a small rough table. The
two came to terms before they parted
and the result of the interview was very
valuable from the governor's point of
view. Here is General Wallace's ex
planation, in his own words, of the pur
pose of the midnight meeting: :
"Shortly before I had become gover
nor of New Mexico, Chapman, a young
attorney at Lincoln, had been mur
dered. Half a dozen men were arrest
ed, accused of the crime. Among them
was Jesse James. While it was more
than probable that one or more of the
men charged with the murder were
guilty, it was impossible to prove tho.
allegation, for the witnesses, filled with
terror, fled the country. When I reach
ed New Mexico It was declared on every
hand that 'Billy the Kid' had been a
witness to the murder. Could he be
made to testify?
"That was a question on the Up of
every tongue.
"I had been sent to the Southwest to
pacify the territory; here was an op
portunity I could not afford to pass by.
I herefore I arranged the meeting by
note deposited with one of the outlaw's
friends, and at midnight was ready to
receive the desperado should he appear.
He was there on time punctual to the
second.
"When 'Billy the Kid' stepped to the
chair opposite mine, I lost no time in
stating my proposition.
" 'Testify,' I said, 'before the grand
jury and the trial court and convict, the
murderer of Chapman and I will let
you go scot-free with a pardon in your
pocket for all your own misdeeds.
" 'Billy' heard mo In silence; he
thought several minutes without reply.
" '(lovcrnor,' he said, 'If I were to
do what you ask they would kill me.'
" 'We can prevent that,' said I.
"Then I unfolded my plan. Billy'
was to be seized while he was asleep.
To all appearances, his capture was to
be genuine. To this he agreed, pick
ing the men who were to effect his
capture. He was afraid of hostile bulr
lets and would run no risk. Another
stipulation was to the effect that dur
ing his confinement ho should he kept
In Irons. 'Billy the Kid' was afraid al
so of the loss of his reputation as a
desperate man."
As arranged, therefore, next inorn
Ing the famous outlaw was arrested
WOMEN DRINK AND SWEAR.
Eastern Editress Deplores Tendency
of the Present Generation.
Hull. Mass., dispatch: Miss Floretta
VIning, editress of a syndicate of South
Shore newspapers, printed a nedltorlal
deploring the increase in the habit of
drinking and swearing on the part of
young women. To a reporter Miss vlti
lng said her editorial was not based
upon theory, but upon observation.
Miss Vlnlng's editorial says in pari;
"I am simply paralyzed by wnat I
know about the great use of intoxicat
ing liquors by young wo'uen. I sow a
few days ago two young women, not
yet 18, come into a well-known hotel
cafe and order whisky cocktails. They
took a light lunch, and before they fin
ished had two bottles of beer each.
Young women of good families, accom
panied by young men, would spend
their Sundays at Hull.
"I must proclaim against what, sur
rounds me at the hotel where I live in
winter. Young men bring young women
to dinner and lunch. That meal will
coat from $18 to $20, and these young
men are hardly over 21 years old.
Where they get the money to pay for
It Is beyond my comprehension.
"Recently at a house party a young
society woman whom every one in Bos
and lodged In the Jail of Lincoln coun
ty. In prison, by the governor's per
mission, the desperado gave some won
derful demonstrations of his attain
ments as a dead shot. The general ask
ed whether there was not a trick in the
wonderful marksmanship.
"Well, general," replied the desper
ado, "there is a trick to it. When I
was a boy I noticed that a man In
pointing to anything he wished ob
served, used his index finger. With
long use, unconsciously, the man had
learned to point with it with unerring
aim. When I lift my revolver, I say
to myself, 'Point with your finger.' I
stretch the finger along the barrel and,
unconsciously, it makes the aim cer
tain. There is no failure; 1 pull the
trigger and the bullet goes true to its
mark."
Billy was asked tnat he be subjected
to all the regular routine of prison dis
cipline. Here he found opportunity for
springing further surprises on the pris
on authorities. After breakfast one day
he stood still, and, as if done by a con
juror, the handcuffs fell from his
wrists. Then, before the guards could
recover themselves, "the Kid" walked
out the prison gate, and without even
hurrying himself in doing it. Some one
had left a horse, saddled, standing at a
door in the street. He mounted it, and
rode away.
General Wallace, after a close inves
tigation, became convinced that the es
cape was a miracle of hypnotism the
guards were in no league whatever with
the prisoner; he had in some mysteri
ous way held them spell bound with
the mere force of his personality.
Some weeks later "Billy the Kid"
was again a prisoner in the same jail.
This time he was in the hands of Sher
iff Garrett of Lincoln county, who, it
was said, was, of all men in the Terri
tory, the only one not afraid of "Billy."
General Wallace soon received a note
from the captive, who for some reason,
had now lost his amazing self-confidence.
The note said that "Billy" had
some papers the general would not care
to have exposed.
But General Wallace understood the
outlaw's game. He thus refers to the
incident:
"I knew what he meant." He refer
red to the note he received from me
and in response to which he appeared
at the hut on the mesa. He was threat
ening to publish it if I refused to see
him. I thwarted his purpose by giv
ing a copy of the letter and a narrative
of the circumstances connected with It
to the paper published in the town.
It was duly printed and upon its ap
pearance a copy was sent to 'Billy' in
his cell. He had nothing further to
say."
When finally convicted and sen
tenced to death, "Billy the Kid," like
Macbeth, was not afraid, for he - de
clared that none of womanborn could
harm him. In the condemned cell they
guarded him vigilantly with a detail of
nine men, night and day. But his
chance was to come.
It was the day before that on which
he was to die, and the desperado was at
dinner. The absent-minded guard
stooped towards the ground for an in
stant. It was a fatal act for him, for
the quick-eyed prisoner dashed his
heavily-manacled hands upon the head
of the unsuspecting guard, took the
man's revolver, with which he terror
ized the other guards as they ran up,
and broke his way out of the prison.
The outlaw had duplicated his daring
feat But this second time he had es
caped from a different sort of captor
Sheriff Garrett was not the one to be
easily cheated of his quarry. General
Wallace relates how the sheriff followed
the desperado to the mountains, track
ing him down in a half-ruined fort.
Garrett lay in wait near the gate of the
fort until nightfall, and at a late hour
he saw "Billy the Kid" at last come
out into the yard.
The regular residents of the fort were
Billy's sweetheart and her father. The
sheriff entered, confronting the old
man, whom he at once held up at the re
volver s point; then he concealed him
self behind the head of the bed. In an
instant Billy re-entered, and instinc
tively realizing the presence of an en
emy, demanded of the startled old man:
"Who is here?" Upon this the sheriff,
in pointing his revolver, fully revealed
himself. The outlaw instantly fired at
him, but the sheriff was quite as quick
simultaneous shots were heard, and
one of the shooters dropped. It was
not the sheriff, however, for in that
single moment of his marvelous career
"Billy the Kid" had forgotten to shoot
Ftraight. The sheriff bent unhurt above
the form of his fallen foe, through
whose heart a brace of bullets from
Garrett's pistol had passed In swift
succession. The terror of the Teritory
had turned In his checks.
Thus, at 21, passed tho man who had
crowded into a few short years of early
youth enough crime to make full rec
ords for a dozen desperadoes of the
deepest dye. He had murdered a man
for each year he had lived. -
GEORGE MORRIS.
ton knows brought a quart bottle of
whisky, and she and a man drank it
before lunch was announced.
"Swearing now is common among
women. Morals are too lose even
among married women. I know men
who have to take up the dally paper to
know where their wives are."
'J ho German high-speed experiments
in electric traction, about whose stop
page there seemed to be some mystery,
were, It now appears, suspended tempo
rarily because the roadbed was not
strong enough to bear such high velo
cities. Says Engineering (London,
April 25) : "At high speeds great trou
ble was hnd with the tracks. The rails
weighed only C7 1-2 pounds per ynrd
and were spiked, for tho most part, to
wooden crosstles. although a few Iron
ties were used. So long as the speed
did not. exceed 100 kilometers per hour
no evil effects were noticed, but when
the speed went to 140 kilometers (87
miles) per hour, tho carriages began to
roll a little, owing to the lightness of
the permanent way. Tho experiments
show that 85-pound rails would' be
heavy enough for speeds up to 100 miles
an hour. The tosts were fin
ally stopped on account of the yielding
of tho track, both horizontally and ver.
tlcally. Heavier rails are to
be put down and the roadbed Improved
in nftrmlt t h a nnnlntnotit in nf loin fc.
full speed for which they wore designed;
INTORHATIOJT 07 ALL BOMS.
Sme of It is Interesting; and Some Im
portant to Know.
A man of 70 baa eaten In bis lifetime
about fifty-eight and one-half tons of
food.
The great armadillo has ninety-two
teeth more than any other animal pos
sesses. Widows in Great Britain outnumber
widowers by almost exactly two to one.
The sun's flames spring at times to
a distance of 350,000 miles from its sur
face. In 1, OOtt parts ot1 ordinary atmos
pheric air the moisture varies from four
to 16 parts.
The Nile is the only river in the world
that flows for 1,500 miles from the
Atbara to the sea without one tribu
tary. The average man is at his weakest,
from a muscular point of view, when
he rises in the morning. His strength
is greater after the midday meal.
Thoroughly draining a piece of land
raises its average temperature about
three degrees, thus being equivalent to
transporting it 150 miles southward.
The largest serpent ever measured
was a Mexican anacondo, found to be
37 feet in length. It was measured by
Dr. Gardner.
Water is the only substance which
expands with both heat and cold. It is
heaviest at a temperature seven degrees
above freezing point.
"Cleave" is the best instance of an
English word with two opposite mean
ings. "Nervous," "let," and "propugn"
are other instances.
Guatemala has the highest death rate
of any country in the world. Its rate
is 41 per 1,000. In New Zealand only
11 people in 1.000 die in a year.
In England December is the month
when there are most deaths. January
is the fatal month for France, and
March the most deadly in Germany.
An exhibition is to be held this com
ing summer at Roanoke Island, off the
North Carolina coast, where the first
English people landed in America in
1584.
Dr. Hayes measured an iceberg in
Melville Bay which was nearly a mile
long, and 315 feet above water. It was
estimated to weigh 2,000,000,000 tons.
The 1,980 miles between Skagway and
St. Michaels, Alaska, are covered in
winter by dog teams in four and a half
days. There are 600 dogs, and they
work in relays of 25 miles.
Five hundred and eighty-six species
of edible plants have been classified.
Twenty-one of these yield sugar.
The Royal dock at Portsmouth, with,
an area of 293 acres, is the largest in
England.
The sun is one and a half times as
heavy as its bulk of water, and would
outweigh 326,000 of our planet.
It takes 3,600,000 grains of oats to
sow an acre; 2,800,000 of barley, and
only 1,000,000 of wheat.
Blue Peter, the flag shown on ship3
about to sail, is derived from the
French word "partir," to leave.
The systematic use of capital letters
in writing and printing was not com
mon until about the 1430.
London eats 15,000,000 fowls a year.
The Azores Island have no beast of
prey native to them.
OUR NATION'S ADVANCE.
No movement now visibly in progress
among us is so significant, none so
fraught with such momentous issues, as
the triumphant advance of the Ameri
cans in the first place among the lead
ing nations of the world, says the Re
view of Reviews.
The 19th century was the century of
the British Empire; the 20th is the
century of the American republic. The
headship of the English-speaking world
passed with the century from the older
to the younger branch. When the last
coronation took place the headship of
John Bull was uncontested and tin
testable. Next year will witness the
coronation of the first British sovereign
woh has ascended the throne since the
primacy of the English-speaking race
passed from its hereditary to its elec
tive head.
The full import of this shifting of
the center of international gravity is as
yet but dimly appreciated by the citi
zens of the republic; it is resented
rather than recognized by the subjects
of the king. We stand, therefore, at
the threshold' of a new era, which is
pregnant with immense possibilities for
weal and woe, not merely for those
who speak the English language, but
for all the children of men. For there
is no island in the farthest seas too
remote to feel the effect of the change
of relative position between Britain and
the United States. Among all nations,
peoples, kindreds and tongues the slow
ascent of the Stars and Stripes over the
Union Jack is recognized as a portent
to some of deliverance and hope, to
other to decadence and doom.
She Wrote to the Princess.
A pretty little anecdote is going the
lady, the widow of an officer, had for
lady, tho widow of an ofilcer, ad for
many years appealed to the Italian gov
ernment for a recognition of her hus
band's service, but had never received
an answer. A bright idea came to her.
She wrote to "Her Royal Highness the
Princess Ylanda."
When the letter was handed to the
king he read It without a smile, and
then bade his chamberlain take It to
the princess and read it to her. The
chamberlain went to the lady and
gravely read the letter aloud to her, and
then returned to the king.
"Well," said tho king, "what did the
princess say?"
"Nothing, your majesty!"
"Very well. Silence gives consent
Sen that the lndy s potltlon be attended
to" New York 1 imes
"Tho Welling (Kan.) Mall Is publish
ing the amounts IlstPd by various per
sons for taxation," observes the Kan
sas City Journal. "The president of
the loading bank of the town pays taxes
on $80 worth of personal property. The
harbor who runs a Rhop In the base
ment of the bank pays taxes on $120
worth of personal property. Down with
the barbersl Tbey are getting too
rich."
A. A. Pope of Cleveland will rebuild
the Interior of Adelbert college at an
expense to himself of about $100,000.
Mr. Pope's gift Is In remembranco ot
bis friendship for Amass Stone, who
endowed the Institution.