Harrison press-journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1899-1905, July 24, 1902, Image 6
" c - - ssv . ll.vij:: t , HELMET MADE To the savages of the South Sea is lands, from whose viewpoint nearly all of the world seems to be made up of ocean, everything that has to do with the sea appears to possess a peculiar potency. The sea god is the greatest of all di vinities, they consider, and the fishes and other animals that dwell in the briny deep are more or less powerful, in a supernatural sense, in one way or an other. Hence it follows that a spear barbed with the ivory "stings" of the stingray is particularly prized. It is a formid able weapon enough in realty, inasmuch as ic cannot be withdrawn from a ANCIENT MANUSCRIPT DISCOVERED. Dr. Seybold, professor of oriental languages at the University of Tubin gen, has' discovered among the Arabic manuscripts of Dr. J. G. Wetzstein, for merly German Consul at Damascus, a hitherto unknown story, which forms a part of the celebrated work known as "The Thousand and One Nights." The manuscript, which is supposed to be the oldest of the kind in existence, is now being translated by Prof. Sey bold, who will publish both the trans lation and the original text as soon as his work is completed. WHERE EDITORS ARE POLITE. Polite as American and European editors are when dealing with persons whose manuscripts they are unable to accept, they nevertheless do not soothe the disappointed ones in the graceful manner that Chinese editors do. Here, for example, is a letter which was recently sent by the editor of a Pekin newspaper to a gentleman who had offered an unavailable article: "Glorious brother of the sun and the moos," it runs, "behold thy son. who throws himself at thy feet and begs for thy favor. We were intoxicated with joy when we read your beautiful manu script We swear by the ashes of our ancestors that we never read anything equal to it. "The result is that if we had pub lished it the emperor would have is sued an edict prohibiting us from pub lishing in future any article which might be in the slightest degree infe rior to your sublime composition. This would mean that we might have to wait ten years before we could bring out an other issue of our paper. "That is why I return your article with 10.000 apologies. Behold my hand, which trembles a3 I write. "Your very humble slnvp, "LI TO TSCHE." CENTURY'S GREATEST WORK. Many of the most eminent Germans were recently asked to express their opinion as to what was the greatest work of the last century, and their an swers, when classified, showed that the tpajority attached most importance to the following achievements: 1. The establishment of the Ger man empire. 2. The proclamation of the rights of man. 3. The discovery of steam as a mo tive power. 4. Applied electricity. 5. The discovery of narcotics and of anti-sepsia. 6. The promulgation of the law of conservation cf energy. 7. The work of Darwin. 8. The discovery of the modern sci entific method of Judging things, which is based on exact observation. 9. The discovery of the spectral analysis. 10. The discovery of the X-rays, 1 TO MAKE D R Separating vapor or steam from wa ter Is the object of a new apparatus. It consists of several sieves, or sifters, of fine gauze wire, through which the moist vapor passes on Its way from the boiler to the machine in which it Is to be utilized.- The sifting of the moist vapor produces a friction of the mole cules of vapor and of the fine particles of water with which It is charged against the threads or wires of the gauze. The result is an elevation of temper ature and a sfigbt lowering of pressure. " " I, ,, J ' ' i OF FISH SKIN. wound except by cutting it out. But these savages imagine that its potency is mainly due to the influence of the divinity which in some manner is rep resented by the fish. It is the same way with the sword that is made out of the nose of a sawfish, with its row of sharp teeth on either side. They used also a very curious helmet, one of which, shown here, was for merly worn in war by a South Sea is lander. It is made of the skin of an armor-clad fish called the "sea porcu pine," which is covered with sharp spines. This kind of helmet, when placed on a man's head, is proof against any ordinary weapon, even an ax. Prof. Seybold has also found' among Dr. Vvetzstein's manuscripts a hitherto unknown book, which purports to con tain a full acount of the extraordinary religious practices of the Druses, who have so long lived in Lebanon. As, however, it contains merely a series of cabalistic figures, the book would be of little value If it were not for the fact that Prof. Seybold luckily found, at Munich, a short time ago, an other manuscript, in which was given the full meaning of each of these fig ures. 11. Beethoven's ninth symphony. 12. The second part of "Faust" 13. The convention at Geneva. 14. The primary school and com pulsory education. 15. The movement in favor of wom an's rights. 16. The exploration of Africa by Eu ropeans. TRICK WITH A COIN. Place a piece of money on a shallow J plate, pour some water over it and j then ask someone to take away the com wiinout wetting nis nngers. A8 the coin is covered with water he nat urally replies that he cannot do so. To show him that it can be done, take a large glass, hold it upside down and burn a lighted strip of paper inside of it. The instant the paper is burned, place the glass, still upside down, on the plate. As a result the water will at once disappear and: the cause there of will be the warm air In the glass. The plate will then be dry and the the coin can be removed without wet ting the fingers. .Halsutta Mioca, a full-blood Indian, has been elected chief of the Seminoln tribe In the Indian Territory, defeating John F. Brown, a half-breed. The elec tion may hasten the dissolution of the Seminole tribal government The purity of Japanese copper ob tains for it a market all over the world, It having the highest known electrical conductivity of any specimens of this metal procurable. The value of the copper exported in 1900 was $0,499,525. STEAM. and these conditions bring about the vaporization of the water, since they act in the game manner as a surplus of heat would. A practical apparatus of this kind has as a foundation a steam pipe, con taining a section of fine guaze wire, which are separated from each other and held In place by frames of suitable form, These frames and sections of gauze wire are connected with each other and with the pipes by means of long pins. A separator of this kind Is generally planed in the steam com partment of the boiler. THE VILLAGE DOCTOK. Alonir the village streets whore maples lean Togi tMcr li'-.e old frienda about the fcay, A faithful j.alr oft und anun were gem Hm and Lis nag, both growing old and sr.iy. What secrets lurked within that old souI'h breast. Of mother-love, of throb of pains and 111. All gaiety kept beneath that buttoned veKt, Jtect pint le of powders and of pills. Thrice happy ha when some fond moth er's eyea Orew moist with love unspeakable to find Bnucped to her breast her bat who.e parading Within her soul and bosom were entwined. Ilo.w .oft tut held- the -wrist to- mark the slow Fu"; atlnna of the feebly flufrln heur' .i mie nis Kind w.jrda. sofe-murmurlng ana low, ..siw, ea to calm the mourner's pain and ...nun. ne was to all a father, brother, friend intir joys were his .their sorrows wer his own. II sleeps in peace where yonder willow I fiid Above the violets that kiss the trm. Horace Seymour Keller, New York Sun Finding ev. New Stcvr BY ELIZABETH CHERRY WALTZ. (Copyright, 1901, by Authors' Syndicate R fondled with lnv and & H I lare the great new tele it- II scone which had int been set up and which three cloudy nights had pre vented him from using to explore the heavens. "You will know, after 10 years' more study, just towards this beauty," he how I leel taid to KitUge, his student and assistant. Kktsge, who was woefully near sighted, actually trembled with pleas ure. "We might look over the flats a lit tle." mused the professor, working at screws and table busily, "It is not pos sible to understand these adjustments too well, by friend." Kittge, who never saw much only tnrough tne' wonderful eyes near him could not speak for joy. His red. sparse hair bristled about bis forehead and his long, sharp nose was very near. Htand back a trifle." said the pro lessor, "and I will first observe yonder hill a crow, the stream. Ah! What a focus! Would you like to see a cabin in the woods? There, see even the dweller sitting on a stone In front of his door. It must be miles away." After Kittsge had seen his long fill, the professor adjusted the instrument again. "Now for the fiats. Ah, how the peb bles sblne along the lake! It Is beau tiful. A boat far, far oouL Fishermen a steamer. You shall see the sight in a moment, Kltuge. I shall first diminish the focus. There O my soul! Why what's this?" He hastily made a new adjustment and looked again. " 'Ti3 true, 'tis true! A man, nay here is another, carrying a woman from a carriage to a boat on the shore. Her yellow hair hangs. She is young, she is finely dressed. A crime, a crime! And we are miles away." KitFge forgot his reverence. "Let me see. let me see, sir." "Yes, my good Kittsge. see that you also have the story. And I will run to the telephone and have the police go. Keep your eye there and move not, move not. my very good Kittsge." The professor ran down the ladder to the rooms below, his voice dying away. "And she Is young her hair Is yellow." , Christopher Kittsge looked and trem bled. Far away, mlls across the flats In a singularly Isolated and dreary spot, a carriage stood and still further away a sailboat waited on the lake shore. The men half dragged, half carried the woman. Kittsge reached his hand gropingly for a lead pencil and made unseen scrawling notes on a bit of pa per on the stand. AEtronomers are ured to doing that. Vp came the professor in long jumps. "How far to the boat, Kittsge?" "A quarter of a mile, sir." "Headquarters will reach them by telephone and the mounted police can make it You can watch until I get my breath. Is she conscious, think you?" "No, sir; her bonds hang limp." "Is the carriage there?" "It goes toward the bridge. Ah, sir, I see a galloping policeman beyond the bridge. He comes fast His helmet shines In the sun. The men have now Kee the picem mad, sir," "I will take the telescope now," said the professor, "and tell you the story. Ah, the police! There are four there. They Rtop the carriage. They go on. Are they lost? Ah. Kittsge, they go in the wrong direction and the men are frightened. They're running with the woman, dragging her cruelly. She Is certainly drugged. Kittsge. Run .you down and telephone again that the po lice are In the wrong direction but. no! now, now they are right now they advance! They see the men far away. Ah. the men drop the girl and they flee! 'TIs a crime, a crime that this telescope has thwarted." Kftsge stood beside the table, his face working. "Have they found her yet?" "They see her prone on the sand. i ney ganop towards her they are there one Jumps off, and another. They lift her." "Is she dead?" "Ah, no. no!" "They lift her to'the man on the horses they go toward the carriage. Come. Kittsge, we shall go, you and I, to the headquarters. Aye, and the other policemen now have the men. One with a beard, one bare of face. Come, KitUge, we are needed." An hour later a utrango irroiip was gathered In the room of the chief of police. The professor and Kittcge, a portly man of evident wealth, several pale women and two Greeks, one old and one young. "It Is somewhat a family affair, you see," said the portly man, coolly, "and done with Demarl ' own Ideas of re rene on me. I stole nis daughter In Creta 20 years mo. ghs became my wife, and now he seeks rerenRs by kid naping mr daughter. Demarl, If yon and your son. Carl, will tear America at once, I will try to arrange this mat ter. K not, yon can take roar deserts. Toe shall hare money and most prom ise not to return, it you an. i w"l 4 1gS A growling and whispering consulta tion took place between the prisoners. "We go." announced Demarl, "we go for !5.0U0 to take to Crete." "Two thousand and go hang your selves," retorted the millionaire, "that's all. I know how to treat you beggars. And my daughter shall now know all, and be able to defend and guard her self always." Another growling consultation and the terms were accepted by the uncle and nephew. "And now, professor," said the fath er, even more coolly, "we owe you and your telescope a great deal more than we can ever repay. Will you and your friend here dct roe .the honor to. dine with us tomorrow, and let my daughter St"lla thank you H person?" The professor bowed and smiled awk wardly. He was thinking. "Stella," hp muttered to himself. "Stella? A new star." THE WEDDING KING. Slilwr.ukee Sentinel: Is the wed ding ring doomed? Will brides of the future plight their vows without the aid of the golden circlet that has signi fied wedlock for centuries? These are the questions that are agitating the minds or, more fittingly, the hearts of thousands of American young women who are contemplating matri mony as a near or remote possibility. The cause of all this near-burning and mental distress is the recent utter ance of Prof. Frederick Starr, of the University of Chicago. He shattered the ideals of several pretty "coeds" in the anthropology class by cold-bloodedly declaring that the wedding ring is a relic of barbarism, and that it repre sents the nose-ring or manacle, by which, In past ages, the sold slave was leu away from the mart by his nsw master. The origin cf the wedding ring is shrouded in mystery. The primitive marriages were those by capture, in which the bride was forcibly taken away from her friends by the bride groom, and Invariably there was con nected with the ceremony some token of the wife's total submission to her lord and master. Tradition has it that in many instances this token of sub- mlsion was a ring or fetter placed upon th finger of the bride as a token that hereafter she was the absolute proper ty or her husband. The same symbol, expressing the same Idea, was used when marriage by purchase and marriage by dowry sue ceeded marriage by capture. The Ro mans, the Greeks, the Babylonians, the Assyrians, the Parthians and many other peoples sold their women, the price paid being fixed according to the beauty of the woman. When the mar riage ceremony was performed, a ring was put upon the bride s finger as a token that the purchase money had been paid. Although there is no people more tenacious of the marriage ring than the Jews, yet there Is no record of the early Hebrews using them at all. Neither the Bible nor the Talmud speaks of the ring, although both des cribe marriage ceremonies in detail. It was not until betrothal and wedding rings came to have a sentimental sig- ninance as an earnest of lasting affec ion that they lost the fetter-like sym bolism. Monkish legends relate that Joseph and Mary had a brilliant betro thal ring or onyx or amethyst, which, when discovered centuries afterward, worked many wonderful miracles. Pliny is authority for the statement that the prospective Roman husband gave his betrothed bride an iron ring without any stone in It, a proceeding which, while it was probably appt- ciated by the Roman girls, would hard ly be looked upon with favor by the up-to-date damsels of to-day. At her wed ding the Roman girl received another ring bearing the figure of a key upon it, betokening that her future home was in her charge. In the early days of the Christian church the ring was put upon the bride's right brnd. There is in the Salisbury manual an account of a quaint old ring ceremonial used at marriage. According to this, the bride groom was to receive the ring from the priest with the three principal fingers of hlB right hand, and then, holding the right hand of the bride with his own left hand, he was to say, "With this ring 1 thpe wed." He was then to place the ring on hr-r right-hand thumb and say, "In the name of the Father," then on the second finger, and say ."and Son." then on the third finger and say, "and Holy Ghost," and finally on the 11 wa8 10 remaln' and say, "Amen Among the classical anelenta, how ever, the betrothal and the wedding ri:igs were worn as they are today upon the third finger of the left hand. The reason for this was an old Idea that some particular nerve, vein or artery leads directly from that finger to the heart, the seat of life, nnd also of the affections, according to the old time view. Other reasons given for this preference of finger and hand were the facts that the left hand is less used than the right Rnd that the third finger Is more protected than any oth of Inferiority or subjugation, and as in the ancient times a wife was distinctly the Inferior partner In wedlock the left hand was used. During the time of the Georges In England the wedding ring, although pliiced upon the third finger of the left hand, was afterward worn upon the thumb, a fad which Is still affected by actresses and nltra fashlonable women. According to many religious beliefs It Is absolutely necessary that a mar riage ceremony be performed with a ring. This custom is referred to In many stories of English life where the persecuted heroine applies for shelter at the door of some Inn or private home and Is turned away because there Is no wedding ring upon her third fin ger. The wedding ring required by the church of England may be of any material or of any size. Weddings have been solemnized In England with rings of brass, with curtain rings, with the church key and even with rings made of leather. Jewelers say that there Is a gradual change In the character of the modern wedding ring. The plain gold band Is being gradually modified Into n deli cately chased affair enameled with the birth stones of the bride and the groom or with other sentimental devices. The Persian government has agreed to the construction of in overland wire from India to Teheran la order to re liers the Jask cable and serve aa a feeder for the Indo-Baropeaa llae. HISTORIC One of the most famous trees In Eu rope was teeently destroyed by a storm. It was a poplar, and had stood for cen turies near Wittstock, In Germany. Of great size, it was also remarkable for the historical events with which it was connected, as well as for the fact that in course of time some of IU branches had assumed grotesque forms of animals. The branches were so in terlaced and twisted that at one point they presented the appearance of a monkey preparing to climb to the top. This tree was popularly known as the "Swedish tree," because It was a HAMMOCKS THAT WEAR. In Ecuador curious hammocks have long been in use, and Perry M. de I-con, United States consul general at Guayaquil, think., so highly of them that he wants to see them used In this country. Their special merits, he says, are the strength, delicacy and elasticity of the fiber of which they are compos ed, and he expresses confidence that if they were Imported "in quantity by some enterprising merchants the re sults would be gratifying." ' The raw material is derived from the leaves and shoots of a palm which is found in some of the coast provinces of Ecuador and which is known as the "mocora." It attains a height of 18 to 24 feet and la very thorny. At 8 or 10 years of age it matures, and if the shoots are properly cut it will live for an indefinite period. Hammocks of this kind are known as "manavi" hammocks, and, so far as known, were first manufactured in the district of Pajan, Manavi. "The favorite sizes," says Consul General de Leon, 'are nine to 12 feet in length by Ihree to six feet in width, and tne fiber is of a whitish yellow col or, like wheat straw, and Is generally stained red in narrow stripes. The fib er is made Into stout corda, which are intertwined every half Inch with spiral crffp strands; the color scheme Is f.tiaint without being gaudy, and from 12 to 24 manila cords are strung Into the ends and bound together with the suspending rope. "A good article, if not treated rough ly, will endure ten years of constant use. In Ecuador the hammock Is an indispensable household adjunct, being uned as a hammock by day and as a Led at night. BEEHIVE TOMB. Miss Harriet A. Boyd, assistant pro- fespor of Greek In Smith college, Mas sachusetts, secured the $1,000 stipend from a fellowship established at the American Bchool at Athens for original arcneoiogieai researcn. sue has re cently concluded excavations at Kavou- sl, In the Island of Crete, where she has f made a series or brilliant discoveries which throw a new light upon ancient Cretan civilization. Mlis Itoyd unearthed a great struc ture, evidently a palace, containing 13 rooms, located upon a high, rocky acropolis, which is Slippered to have been the home of one of the Homeric klng. What was thought to be the crowning find of all was a large beehive tomb on the side of the mountain. In this had been placed all the valuable objects In the shape of pottery, vases etc., that belonged to the owner who lived In the great structure above. OUT A8 WELL AS IN. Washington Post: Senator Depew, who left yesterday for Europe, told a good story before he departed. Ac cording to Mr. Depew, there was a stuttering citizen of New York, who an nounced! bis Intention of entering tbo ministry. "How can you expect to be a suc cessful preacher with that affliction?" he was asked by a friend. "The L-l-l-ord will p-p-put w-w-' -M-nouth," was his re- "Well," aald his friend, "the Lord Buy put them In, but he will hars to tend somebody to pail them out" DVfe TREE DESTROYED. witness of the battle of September 24. 1636, in which the Swedes fought against the Germans. It was also known as the "Uuuer poplar," because Generals Baner and Torstenson knelt beneath it and thanked God for giving them the victory. Though the old tree is dead, an off- Fhoot, which grew' beside it, was unin jured by the storm, and with the object of preserving it more effectually an iron railing is to be placed around It, and beside it is to be erected a monu ment, on which will be inscribed the history of the famous poplar. NEGRO AND CIRCLE. Why the native African's eye and hand run to circular rather than rectil inear and concentric rather than ec centric lines is a problem for the psy chologist to solve. It Is a fact that the peculiarity exisU. "Give a Zulu boy a plot In your gar den to work," says a lady who haa long, lived In Rhodesia and Natal, "and go presently to see what he has done. You will find that he has laid everything out in circles, has sowed your seed In circles or dropped your plants In cir clescircles within circles being his favorite design In garden work, as la almost everything else. "He will use no rule or plummet, nothing to measure with or by, yet he will give graceful, accurate circles." The comb in the picture furnishes an Illustration in point It is adorned with free circles, made by a black savage of the Congo with a crude knife, tolf the product or native blacksmlthlne Ho used no artificial measurement: his eye is his only guide. The comb la curious looking affair. It Is of an ex ceedingly black, fine grained wewd Is nine Inches long by four wide and very Ufa J . It is difficult to see how belle ever managed to carry such a bur den In her locks, close, kinky and re tentive though sin h lfck may be. The comb belonged at one time to the Com missioner of Gnzaland, who gave It to an American lady living In Rhodesia He got It from a native carver In the Interior. Docs the American negro preserve the Africa's gift for making circles? Doe the tendency to make ijjtrve rather than straight lines IndhKte a corre. ponding peculiarity of character? From what you know of the negro, dex s ho do things In straights or curves? !) he go directly or Indirectly for what he want? Those wbo know him best here will say that he keeps to his curved lines. Senator Hoar's house In Worcester was purchased by him some 40 years ago, when property was cheap, and Is therefore, a very large plot of ground almost In the center of the city it used to belong to John Hancock. 0f revolutionary fame. The house is a roomy but unpretentious building, and s chiefly remarkable for Its enormous library. Thousands of volumes are and Mr. Hoar spends bptua and hour mom Ma book. " - r --tnts x.. Illfll i ' 1 . .'ft' , 1.