Harrison press-journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1899-1905, May 15, 1902, Image 4

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I J"
If others Whe Won't 8make, Nor Al
low Daughter to, Denounce
Those Whj( Encourage It.
Washington letter: The tide of so
cial tendencies of the hour in Europe
periodically sweeps over our national
&u . .
ie su. uiiw- oroao wuo iub "o-
ject of relieving society ennui sooner or
later very often, as in the present case
annnarra tiloti n r Vnr crh A nA . rn'aa
. u vj siui.i..yi was wnat we may call a sat
in this country and exploited, with . subject" (If it be not paradoxical t
they are worth.
Just now we are entering on a phase
of faddism here which will perhaps, if
we ars to believe the medical view of
it, have more serious results on its de
votees than the ordinary, everyday so
ciety craze. We are threatened with
an epidemic of feminine smokers.
Not that the woman smoker is alto
gether new in Washington or in other
large cities of fashionable life, but that
the present Invasion by the weed is
more formidable than hitherto; because
Bathbone has appealed to the Cuban court of appeals for a reversal of
his conviction and sentence by the lower court at Havana, but his real
hope of rescue rests on the influence of Senator Hanna. The Ohio senator
lias appealed to President Roosevelt without result, but he has not yet
given up effort to save his former henchman.
London society is doing more smoking
; than ever before, fashionable Washing
ton must follow suit
So smokingby this is meant the
dainty, scented f cigaret is gaining
fresh recruits every day among the
women of Washington; not only the
matron, but the debutante must ami
; does have her cigaret The doctors say
stop in fact if they had known in
- time, they would doubtless have said:
"Don't begin."
The local medical view is that the
chysiological make-up of woman indi
cates the. probability of her suffering
.' Injury from the use of tobacco to be
. even greater than it is in the case of
men smokers. Woman's organization
being the more delicate and sensitive of
the two, is more liable to Impressions
good or the reverse.
The effects of tobacco remain in the
system; they are cumulative, and if we
take the case of the very young woman
who indulges In her cigaret it will be
seen that she is simply storing up in
her system what will Anally prove a
handicap on her forces of physical re
sistance at a future period of her life
when she will most need them.
' The young woman the society de
butantewho must be in tbe swim
who must copy her elder sisters in
what they doabove all in anything
they do that is of a risque nature, be-
- comes a smoker at first through love
or imitation and continues one because
the has grown to like the sensation of
Matsratty.il probably before her
certainly she fa most cases looks for
ward to getting married at some time.
Moan while she becomes an habitual
smoker. Thus, the effect of the indul
gence being, as has been said, cumula
tive by the arrival of the period when
she marries and in the course of natural
treats becomes a mother she finds that
instead of having husbanded her physi
cal resources she has weakened her
heart. Impaired her circulation and in
flicted upon herself "nerves."
Under these conditions she is con
fronted with the necessity of supporting
us araormai strain upon her system
consequent upon motherhood, while the
accumulated injurious effects of her
years of Indulgence la tobacco oppose
her efforts of resistance like a battal
Bon of organised enemies which is
just what they actually are.
" Then there is another side to the
question: Is she liable to transmit to
bar offspring the evil consequences
from which she suffers herself In oth
er words, will tbe tribe of smoking
women produce not only a race of
wssksr descendants, bat ars they also
TCsaif to transmit the passion for olco
Os as that for alcohol Is transmitted
fre-i parents to children?
Will the woman smoker perpetuate
i1 bey cigaret tend is the community T
. is Kktfy to do so then ws ars
f - to face wlii the proMst, altogether
t : swrkmi than any which is offered
if I -wtod by tfes existence of a mere
t -1 swetstr fad.
. :t t tars artoss smother gassUoa: Is
r M trtsty shrm to bs rsfard-
Us r ? a paacac fadf Or as
- r tU crr ssoas to stay, bnt Is
' tt Ut r tommn i tts mmv
-tt n ; ....
tf -lti i ci-
- :duw
tiling, we alio commented on the tact
that the English women's cigaret has
become a permanent Institution and
that today the habit is saining greater
popularity and becoming more wide
Many other fads hare come, and had
their day, and gone the way of pass
ing things, to be known no more
among uh. The cigaret for women.
however, is not, it seems, to be number
ed among these.
Quettn Elizabeth became a smoker
through curiosity, that peculiarly fem
inine quality having been excited in
i her royal breast bv her 0DBeTVatl0M c,
'hr courier. Sir Walter Raleigh
"paying upon & pipe." The Virgin
i rtm;en hnwovr in k .ff- r-h.
: leiitAry transmission of her virtues or
' .
reier to a queen in that way) simply
because she never married
The medical critics of the smoking
woman, although they on general prin
ciples disapprove of her, qualify to
Home degree their condemnation. If,
they say, "the woman who uses tobac
co has reached middle age and left be
hind her the perilous period of mater
nity, or if she be one advanced in
years, the dangers of indulgence are
lessened, if not altogether, removed.
But, again, it is largely a matter of con
stitution and temperament whether to-
bacco will seriously effect the health or
general physical well-being of the user.
It becomes a question of individual
Here, therefore, is solace for the
smoking matron, the old maid, or the
out-and-out 'old woman." Let them
blow their smoke-ring Into tbe air
with perfect sang frold.
There have been hints already heard
here hints that fell from tbe lips of
some noted clergymen that the pulpit
may finally take a hand in this smok
ing controversy. Then the fanbionab!e
cccupants of pews may be obliged to
"sit under" during a bad quarter of an
hour, some wrathful divine who will
expatiate with scant wympathy on the
evil practice of feminine cigaret smok
ing. As yet, however, the outspoken
utterances against the weed have come
from certain coteries of exasperated
mothers, who are themselves not suffi
ciently modernized to set the example
to, or Join their daughters in the en
joyment of a social cigaret
Only the other day one of our Wash
ington women who are the subject of
so much criticism was overheard say
ing, as she lit a second cigaret: "Oh,
my dear, you know what Lady Ran
dolph Churchill declared, "that all the
nice women in England smoke now."
His Objection.
Baltimore American: "Prisoner,"
said the stern old Judge, "the Jury, by a
vote of 11 to 1, has found you guilty of
smashing all the windows and raining
the stock of ton millinery stores. Bave
yon anything to say before sentence is
passed upon your
"I bave." announced the prisoner,
rising to bis feet
"Say if i
"I protest, your honor, against this
verdict I was not tried by a Jury of
my peers." i
"On what do you base that objec
tion?" ?
."Why, only one of 'em is married.''
The custom in Francs of posting on
the dead walls of every commune
throughout the country the speeches of
ministers is to be discontinued. Every
time It k done it costs the government
Oae ac dm
ttM before ta
sars stabs to ttk
tat A mrrt
smsst tmaortaat ass
Issttasi tt a prool-
The Farmer's Work Has Been Ren
dered So Much Easier That he is
Almost Independent of the Rural
Tyrant, the Hired Man.
It is certainly a pleasure to drive
out in the country1 these days and
talk to farmers about the outlook of
crops. The ground was never in bet
ter condition for working, nor have
iliey ftr a great manr-. years . been,
able to get into tbe fields at so early
a date. Practically all the small
grain is in and they are sow getting
things in shape to push tbe corn
when the time comes.
Wonderfully improved machinery
has made it possible for a farmer to
get his crops in quick and with less
expense than ever before,. It is an
every day occurrence to see a seeder
operated by a small boy Just big
enough to sit on the scat and drive
the horses, while his father is run
ning the disc right behind him, and in
this way a man and his smaller boy
are now doing the work in three days
that formerly took from a week to
ten days.
The advance in the price of land is
in some respects to be accounted for
from the fact that a man in figuring
the expense of farming a quarter sec
tion finds out that he can run the
whole thing himself and make money
on his investment, even at a high
purchase price, where 20 years ago
the expense of running his farm wiah
hired help and high Interest would
leave nothing with which to pay the
The amount of work one man can
do on a farm is remarkable. There
Is a man living near Grinnell, who
owns 800 acres of land, has 600 head
of stock and operates this large farm
alone with the exception of about
three months in the year. He has
two of the largest barns in Powe
shiek county, one being 112 feet long
by 48 feet wide, and 48 feet high;
the other is 112 feet long by 56 feet
wide, and 54 feet high. These two
immense barns stand close together,
conveniently arranged so that when
he puts his feed away in the fall it
is easy to get out in the winter. He
has a running stream on the place
which is a great help to him. This
man started 25 years ago without a
dollar to his name, and Is wealthy to
day because he worked to that end.
When, he built his barns he hauled
all his lumber himself, in addition to
looking after his farm work. He
would be at the lumber yard at 6:30
in the morning with, two teams, one
tied behind the wagon of the other,
and would make the trip home, seven
miles, to return again in the after
noon for two more loads. In addi
tion to this be sometimes had to do
his own cooking, as he has never
been married his "neighbors say that
he could never take time to find a
wife. He is up in the morning at 2
o'clock to commence bis chores, and
just as soon as he is through he Is In
the field. He trots his horses to all
the work, oftimes changing horses
three times a day, as fast as ' they
wear out. He ' himself never seems
to be tired and can not realize why
the people who work for him can not
"get a move on them," and, stranee
to gay, this man takes the daily news
papers, sometimes when men say
they are too busy to read a dally
newspaper tbe face of this farmer
comes to my mind and I wonder what
they would think about being busy if
tney followed him lor a day.
The Improved machinery, where
everything is built to ride, makes it
possible for all of the family to help
at the work. Near Kanawha is a
farmer who lost both his legs by be
ing ran over by the cars. In settling
with the railroad company he got
enough to buy a 160-acre farm. This
farm be runs with a boy about 16
years old. The boy does the chores
and hitches up tbe horses, but all
other work he can do (with his arti
ficial legs) as well as any one. He
rides the seeder, disc and all other
Most all farmers buy machinery.
but only a small per . cent of them
bave any place to keen It They let
it stand out in the rain and snow,
winter and summer. A few have mi-
machlne houses, but not many. I
asked one farmer who owned a big
farm and plenty of barns how his
binder happened to be left out in the
field where he quit, using it last fall
and be said: "Oh, I have to buy a
new one every few years, they are
improving them so fast, that if I didn't
let it rust out I could not keen no with
the new machines." "Well," I said,
"supposing you kept It well you could
sell It to some one." He laughed.
"They are all like me; they want the
latest kind and I could not give It
away, and If It was In good shape I
woum nave to tnrow it away, so I
smother my conscience by having
them wear out quick, then I have to
have a new one, so In that way I am
alwaya with the latest. George F.
Thayer In Marshalltown Times-Republican.
Provision for Old Man Suggested as a
Nssd of the Osy.
The constantly Increasing difficulty
which men of middle age experience"
In securing employment is spreading
from the larger cities to the smaller
towns. Some time ago worklngmea
In Chicago were aroused by the fact
that young men, children even, were
supplanting their fathers In factory
and mill. -
Jollet has mads the latest effort to
solve the "old man problem." Alder,
man Comlskey sought to have Jollet
municipal authorities employ on tbe
streets only nwa who nave passed tbe
age of 60 years In order that tbe com
petition of the younger generation
might bs withdrawn and the old men
given a ebaaos to earn a living. The
plan though it failed, has attracted
much attention.
A system of old ago pensions Is the
nggeotlon of Dr. Charles R. Hender
son of the University of Chicago as
ths boat way to relieve present condl
Os. eMstiort,' said Mr. Henderson,
Is sot cm for dinrltnbto instttationa
is tel nV sffi us aid of a
homes is needed In the cases of the
destitute. Germany is working to
effect a proper system for the man
aaement of tnts plan. England is
confronted with the same difficulties
as tbe United States. In the system
of .old age pensions, enforced savings
should be required of the laborer dur
ing his days of employment Then the
government should come to the old
man's assistance and add to the sav
ings. Ours is a great country, and it
should be too great to allow its people
to live in want after a life usefully
and diligently spent
"The old age pension Is not, I think
destined to be regarded favorably as
a political measure for some time, un
til the people eee its need. In the
meantime, the problem of finding em
ployment for men who are not worn
out entirely but are supplanted by
younger men Is to be met. Farming
colonies, where men of 50 or more
might engage in agriculture to sup
port themselves, is one plan that has
been suggested. But this would mean
a lonely life to many a man to whom
existence Is growing more and more
"The farm suggests Itself as a rem
edy because the percentage of farm
ers in the country is steadily growing
smaller. One of the great causes of
the lack of work for the old Is that
the young men are crowding in from
the country.
"With the unskilled laboring class
es Hhe age of defective effort comes
earlier than in cases where a trade
has been learned. The workman of
this age works until he is worked out.
When his strength for the task to
which be has given bis better effort
goes he Is without adaptability for
anthing else. When the younger gen
oration will have grown up and pass
ed Into tbe years of middle life, the
same difficulty will not be experienced
in such degree. Tbe manual train
ing and the different work in tfie
schools of today teach the children
adaptability which will be to their ad
vantage late in life.
"A great effort is put out by horne
Snding associations in large cities to
place young children In homes in the
country. In a small way this guards
against so much overcrowding of the
cities. A child after it has spent as
much as its first five years in the city
can rarely be induced to spend its life
in the country. Chicago Tribune.
Some Surprising Statements Issued by
the Secretaries of the Home Mis
sionary Societies.
Some surprising statements con
cerning tbe propagation of Mormon-
ism are made in a circular on the sub
ject issued from New York by the
secretaries of home missionary socle
ties which are working for legislation
for the suppression of polygamy. The
churches interested in the movement
are the Baptist, Methodist Episcopal,
Congregational, Presbyterian, Reform
ed, Cumberland Presbyterian, Disci
ples of Christ and United Brethren.
It Is asserted the ambition of Mor
mons, which they even do not conceal,
is to secure control of state after state
until, by means of tbe balance of pow
er, they may make national legisla
tion against Mormonlsm impossible.
Their approaches to the people are
made the more seductive because
their appeal affects to be based upon
commonly accepted Bible truths. Only
after entrance has been gained and
the door closed against retreat is the
awful system gradually unveiled to its
Though often denied, there Is no
doubt that its practice of polygamy
continues, In defiance of all the prom
ises made to the United States when
statehood was granted. By means of
colonization It has so affected the
states of Idaho, Wyoming, Montana,
and Nevada, and the territories of
New Mexico and Arizona as ill soon
secure, if It has not already secured,
practical political control in all that
It claims to have now 2,000 mission
aries on the field 1.400 of them in the
Southern states and to have made
last year 20,000 converts. At a con
ference recently held in Berlin and
presided over by Hugh Cannon, son of
George Q. Cannon, 125 Mormon mis
sionaries were present who were
working In tbe German empire. They
reported 2,000 converts. In Norway
and Sweden Mormons have for many
years been gaining a continually in
creasing number of converts.
Similar statements concerning the
bad faith of the Mormons were heard
on the occasion of the expulsion of a
polygamous Mormon from the con
gress of tbe United States. Congress
felt obliged to take notice on that oc
casion of the open defiance of the
law. It can not, however, be alarmed
Into proposing a constitutional amend
ment for tbe suppression of polygamy.
The force of public opinion should be
sufficient not only to prevent the
spread of polygamy but also to abate
tbe practice of the Institution by tbe
rising and future generations of Mor
mons. If public opinion can not be
depended upon a constitutional
amendment Itself would be an uncer
tain reliance. Dubuque Times.
Male Tastes as to Woman.
Health: , Maidens who have passed
their 30th year may now claim that
they represent the most perfect and ad
vanced type of maidenhood, and look
down upon girls who marry before 25 as
very much more akin to savages, for It
Is a well-known fact that the age of
marriage advances with civilization.
Everywhere the more mature woman
is to the fore. The tastes of men in
this regard seam to have undergone a
complete revolution, and Instead of flut
tering about tbe Inexperienced girl.
talking pretty nothings, they are match
ing their experience, broadening their
horizon, sharpening their wits, In clever
conversation with some brilliant and
beautiful woman.
Walter A. Payne, instructor and sec
retary of the university extension de
partment at the University of Chicago,
baa been promoted to the rank of asso
ciate professor, and put In charge of
the extension department, of which
Prof. James was formerly ths chief.
King aMward's fund for cancer Inves
tigation Is growing rapidly. The Gold
smiths company, one of the old guilds
of London, has contributed $15,000.
Two other subscriptions of Ilka amount,
s numnsr or snssasr
But Must Succeed Because There Is a
String to It Sir Thomas May
Wear a Coronet
London letter: Sir Thomas Llpton
is to have his peerage with a string to
It That is to say. the enobling of Sir
Thomas is contingent upon his winning
back the America's cup from the hither
to Impregnable Yankees (in England
all Americans are "Yankee" as by no
means all Americans at home are
The truth about Sir Thomas's peer
age has leaked out among certain inner
circles of the British yachting world,
a certain well-known associate of roy
alty having whispered it into the ear of
a fellow clubman at the Traveller e, a
night or two since, and from this par
ticular clubman it was that your cor
respondent got the tip.
King Edward, as it is well known, is
not only a friend and patron of the ir
repressible and enterprising contestant
for tbe great cup, but he has taken a
degree of interest In the grocerk night's
repeated essays to win It back, of which
the "man In the street" has but a faint
Idea. The king, in fact, earnestly de
sires that the yachting trophy which
formerly bore his own august mother's
r.ame shall be restored to British hands.
Himself an ardent yachtman, the king
Is well aware that in Sir Thomas Llpton
he has discovered a very unusual man,
for it had grown problematical wheth
er, after all the disappointments that
have awaited the different competitors
for the honor of restoring tbe cup, any
others would come forward prepared to
risk the expense of building more rac
ing machines. But Llpton has not
backed down; he still sticks to his col
ors he may almost be said to have
nailed them to his mast. He still
breathes defiance and determination.
Therefore it is that the king justly
enough regards blm as an unusual man.
I'pon the return of Sir Thomas to
this side after last season's fiasco, he
r.ml the king had many consultations
upon the subject of making another
trial. The general result of these dis
cussions was that both parties came to
an agreement upon one point a very
vital one too-that Llpton had undoubt
edly made progress; that the yacht
"that could really win" was much more
a practical possibility now, since every
time that Llpton had had a new yacht
built, a good many steps had been taken
towards the construction of an ideal
cup conqueror. The time and thought
and money had not been wasted, some
thing more was learned each try, and
if only the thing were persevered In
there was no reason to suppose final
victory to be Impossible.
Of late the king and Sir Thomas have
ben at it again, and designs and every
detail and aspect of the question earn
up for consideration. Sir Thomas has
grown abnormally enthusiastic, even
for Sir Thomas, and has at the present
moment rose-colored visions of that
hour of triumph which, be fondly and
firmly believes, the future holds In store
for him.
Llpton will undoubtedly become re-
Mrs. Collis P. Huntington, it Is stated, has purchased ths Colorado and
Southern railroad through an agent
stock is pooled until 1904 and is voted
lug-ton's purchase gives her ths direction of this trust.
sponsible for the cost of construction of
another cup yacht the net result of
his deliberations with his monarch.
Sportsman to the back bone as we all
know Llpton to be, be now has one
more Inducement to win his spurs, for
he has the roysl promise that when he
brines home tbe blue ribbbon of the.
seas he will be In line for a peerage.
A conversation for which your cor
respondent's Informant vouches took
olace between King Edward and Sir
Thomas Llpton recently, during which
tbe king was extremely compllmentaryi
in his remarxs, saying mat ne bad
never been slow to recognlte the merit
of staying qualities In a fight, and that
he was anxious to show his practical
appreciation of Sir Thomas's display of
them. To quote his malasty'a words al
most verbalism: Tsu have the money.
Ir Thomas. There. Is no mason why
yon should not produce the sblo." fie
than added that the eastara of ths
America's mp wovU bs si aaalsvtinant
.Mmnl(aM which Mr
.,ii k MiHtlaA to a mark of
wvwav vv -
tlngulshed favor, and that taken In con
nection with his highly Important posi
tion In England's commerce, there
would be nothing Incongruous or unfit
ting In the making of him a peer of ths
After all. King Edward's views of ths .
matter do not appear in any way .
strange. We have long since grown ac
customed to see big brewers elevated to
tbe perage: why should a great grocer
be held Ineligible? Besides, similar
honors have been bestowed before now
upon citizens for their Inauguration of
large charities, and there are few who
do not know of tbe remarkable altru
istic experiment set on foot and sup
ported by the wealth of Sir Thomas
Liptoh the admirable system of cheap
London restaurants where an excellent
meal may be had at a penny a portion.
Demands Made by Patrons of a Cres
cent City Barroom.
New Orleans Times-Democrat: One
of the most peculiar and novel strikes
ever heard of In this city was settled
last night. The strike lasted for 10
days. In this instance a crowd of about
50 young fallows, who frequent a bar-
room on Frenchmen and Grant streets,
in the rear of the 8eventh ward, de
manded a larger Beer for 5 cents. They
wanted the usual size, to-wlt, "an elec
tric globe." That was only one of the
demands. Not only did they want an
Increase in .the size ofthe glass, but
they also demanded that the proprietor
of the place, give them three "checks,",
as the strikers seemed to terra it, for'
10 cents. In other words, they wanted'
a glass of beer, a package of clgarets
or tobacco, and a sandwich. Heretofore
they paid 15 cents for these articles.
Tbey complained of "dull" times, scar
city of money, and what not But the
proprietor turned a deaf ear to all their
cries of "hard times." Tbe young men
who play pool at the establishment or
ganized a sort of union, and about 20
of them walked up to the proprietor and
made verbal demands.
"Submit your demands in writing,"
said the barkeeper.
The "strikers" left, very much dis
couraged. But two or three of the wise
one, who had been "tipped" off a day
or so later, ciiSje to the rescue and for
mulated a "scale" of prices. The de
mands were written out, and Leon Gril
lot, who acted as the "national" organ
ized, constituted himself a committee
of one and handed tho demands to the
proprietor of the saloon.
The owner of the establishment said"
he would take the demands "under ad
visement" The demands were "pigeon
holed." as it were; and, for six or seven.
days following the first notice that there
was going to be a strike, the men re
mained out The strikers were deter
mined, and as they considered their
evening beer one of the necessities of
this life, they rushed the growler, send
ing to another barroom several squares
away. The "growler" was rushed very
frequently. The union was strong,' and
the men decided to hold out for an in
definite period.
After about 10 days the strike was
called off. "Tho strike Is off," said the
and is now sole controller of it Ths
by a voting trust, but Mrs. Bant
barkeeper. "Your' demands will be .
granted," said he to the "national" or
ganizer, and the men are now playing ,
pool and "putting" away large "globes" '
as If nothing had happened.
. A report from Natal to the effect that
an extensive field, containing a first
class quality of bituminous coal, has
been discovered In Natal, and that a
company will soon be formed for tha
purpose of exploiting these deposits. It
le said that tbe field li so rich that ths
coal outnut for manv nun will ha
clent to supply all tbs railroads and
mines of South Africa with fueL
Henry H. Edes, at a recent meeting of
the Colonial Society of Massachusetts.
,.Bpf ' Mid that Prof.
John Wlntbrop and not Ooorgn Wash
Intton was the first person to raeetm
from Harvai490sthaa0f to
tor of tows. , ... nr. , ,,, .. i
.. f '..
4- i
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