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About Harrison press-journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1899-1905 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 13, 1902)
PARI! NEWS NOTES.
The Ply Season.
Most of our reader are now putting
the wire screens Into the doom and
Windows of their houses la order to
protect t hern Bel ve from the annoyance
of flies. The fact should remind the
owner of live stock that if he desires
to keep his domestic animals in i
thrifty oonditon during; the summei
protection against the same annoyance
is at least equally necessary for them.
The comfort of the animals is a condi
tion essential to thrift whether they
re growing, milk-producing or fatten-Ing-
animals, mid nti une wtKriius sin
the half mad condition to which the
fly pest often reduces live st.ick m the
summer time can fail to realize hcv
carious Is the loss that flies oft-ri oc
caslon. Indeed the modern, up-to-date
grower of farm animals appreciate the
fact that summer protection is about
s imjiurtant as is protection against
the severities of winter. .
Good protection against flies is rather
a, matter of all around care and at'en
tkm to numerous details than it is the
doing; of .some single thing; that la to
ay, there is no specific method by
which the pest of flies can be abated.
Flies are very short-lived insects, and
the annoyance they cause Is due to the
rapidity with which they multiply and
with which the successive generation
come on In continually Increasing num
bers until the height of the season Is
reached. Cleanliness which shall mini
mize fly breeding Is important. Per
certain kinds of flies the Finns and
wastes of the house constitute a chief
Source of encouragement to rapid mul
tiplication. Keeping the barnyard and
quarters clean Is another important aid
In the protection of the stock. Certain
kinds of flies, as, for example, the horn
fly, find the hatching places for their
eggs m the cattle dropping, and If
these axe treated every few days with
a. little quicklime the Increase nill be
checked. It will not go from farm to
farm except when cattle are driven
from one farm to another. If, there
fore, the owner of stock can keep down
th supply on his own place he l.as
little to fear from the horn flies that
may be on nn adjoining farm.
All pastures - should have shade In
them to which stock can resort In the
middle of the day for protecton against
the heat of th sun, and In order that
this shade may not be an Invitation to
llles that will counterbalance the ad
vantage of the protection it a ford
against midday heat. It should be on a
bigh knoll. If possible, where all 11
breeze that is going will pa through
It. Files like beef on the hoof, but
they don't like a strong breeze. As It
Is not often practicable to supply 'he
kind of shade that Is best with trees at
the place In the pastures where It
would be nvt advantageous, such
hade can usually be best furnished by
running up a cheap shed, open on all
ides nnd covered with almost anything
that the sun will not penetrate. Tor
sheep about the only protection against
"grub In the head" is shade that will
not only be cool but dark. The fly that
Jays the egg that produces the grub
will trouble sheep very little if they
liave a dark, well shaded pla-e to
which they can resort when they f f--1
like It. The sheep has not much sense,
tint It has enough to get away from the
fly If II can.
This la a good time to give the poultry
house a thorough cleaning.
Gather the dropping during the sum
mer and store them for next season's
use on the garden.
Keep the roosts saturated with kero
sene and vermin will not be likely to
trouble the fowls.
Don't try to keep several pure breeds
of fowls. Keep only one and let that
one be the best of the kind.
If the hens are confined in yards a
box of lettuce should be sowed for them
at Intervals of two weeks.
Young turkeys should never be al
lowed to ieave tha coop In the morning
until the grass is perfectly dry.
Remove all the old nests and litter
from the house and burn them, then
scald and whitewash every part.
If the little chicks are lousy rub
little grease on the under part of the
mothers' wings and the trouble will
Kggs should be gathered and consum
ed or marketed every day. Eggs In
summer are unfit for table use when
over twenty-four hours old
After June 1 no chickens should be
hatched until, the latter part of Au
gust. Chickens hatched during June
and July seldom amount to anything,
and either grow up as dwarfs or die
young. The excessively hot weather
appears to deprive them of their vital
Ity, and It Is a rare occurrence to find a
brood that is thrifty.
About the middle of August hens may
be set and the chicks that are hatched
during September will make nice broil
ers for the early fall and winter before
all kinds of game and turkeys have as
yet reached the market. Another ad
vantage In waiting until August to
hatch late chkks is that at that season
there is an abundance of grasshoppers
and Insects In general on which they
feed and grow more rapidly than those
fed on the customary foods.
We have been asked if It Is really
necessary to turn eggs and If any one
knows whether the hen actually turns
eggs Intrusted to her care. The hen
does turn her eggs often, but has
no regular period for doing It. We have
seen them often turning eggs and
standing up In the nest cooling the
eggs on a very hot day. Eggs Intended
for hatching should be turned dally so
as to prevent the yolk settling to one
side of the shell. They should also e
turned during the hatch at least once
per day, although we turn twice dairy,
so as to prevent the blood vessels from
becoming attached to the shells and
thus causing deformity of chicks. Turn
the eggs In the Incubator often. Those
under a hen will be turned often enough
by the hen.
About Potato Culture.
A correspondent writes asking no
Whether we regard level culture or hill
culture ns best fur potntfien With
potatoes, sweet potatoes, and Indeed all
other crops where there Is a choice be
tween level culture and hill culture or
riding, fhf question is one of condi
tions purely' In the wet seasans ridg
ing up, or hilling, will contribute to
prevent the Injury likely to result from
excessive moisture. Where, either be
cause of the season or the location, the
land Is likely to be dry, level culture
will have a tendency to prevent a c n
rldcrable amount of evaporation which
Tillllng, or (Urging, wiwld promote.
Many cultivators of certain ' crops do
not decide until the last moment, when
the culture Is well nigh over whether
they will leave the ground level or
Judgment as to whether the land is
likely to he a little too wet or a llttl
too dry. The question Is therefore one
Which conditions should govern. Oil
low ground that Is habitually a little
too wet, ridging or hilling would be of
uvviniw-; en ground where a!! the
moisture that It gets during the season
Is usually needed, level culture would
SEPARATE THH REXES.
Early hatched chicks are now suffi
ciently developed to easily determine
the sexes, and all males should be sep
arated and prepared for the market.
They should be given fattening foods
In abundance and hastened In their
growth, as the hlsh prices which now
prevail will shortly be a thing of the
The females should be given food that
will develop the body and the egg-producing
organs without producing an
over-abundance of fat.
I'ullets should, If possible, be fully
developed by the first of October, by
which time they should begin to lay.
thereby taking the places of the old
hens, which are then In the midst of
the annual moult.
Laugh, and the world laughs with you;
Weep, and you weep alone;'
For the sad old earth must borrow Its
But has trouble enough of Its own.
Sing, and the bills will answer;
Sigh, it is lost on the air;
The echoes bound to a Joyful sound, .
But shrink from voicing care.
Rejoice, and men will seek you;
Grieve, and they turn and go;
They want full measure of all youT
But they do not need your woe.
Be glad and your friends are many;
Be sad, and you lose them all
There Is none to decline your nectared
But alone you must drink life's gall
Feast, and your halls are crowded;
Fast, and the world goes by;
Succeed and give, and It helps you live,
But no man can help you die.
There Is room In the halls of pleasure
For a large and lordly train.
But one by one we must all file on
Through the narrow aisles of pain.
Ella Wheeler Wilcox.
When butter Is churned It Is simply
the gathering; of the globules of fat Into
a mass. When the cream Is too cold
they will not unite. Churning Is done
at about 62 degrees, according to con
ditions. The globules vary, being small,
er In the milk from some cows thnn
from others, and In one drop of milk
It Is estimated that there are 4,000 or
more globule. It Is evident, therefore
that a pound of butter contains many
millions of them, but In the churn they
are brought together, sometimes slowly
or rapidly, according to temperature,
management of the cream, method of
FEED TUB CHICKS.
Don't Imagine that because a brood
of chicks has the freedom of a large
lot that they require little or no food.
Of course, they will gather a large por
lion, but they should In addition, have
at least two full meals, one early In
the morning and the last Just before
Young chicks, up until the third week
should be fed even oftener, and four
times daily will not be too often.
A good and economical food for the
larger chicks consists of three parts
commesi! and one rfirt bran for mnm
Ing and cracked corn and wheat for
evening1. This method of feeding should
be continued until the chicks are al
most fully matured.
When breeding for better eows It Is
not expected that the herd will be
changed hurriedly. About one-half of
the calves will be males, and some toss
nay occur, but the dairyman who will
tick to the work of Improvement will
In a lew years have a herd of cows
that will produce twice ns much milk
and butter as he now receives. He will
thus gain space In the barn for more
cattle of the same kind, a one good
cow will be doing the wor kof two In
THIS IS HOW WORDS ARE COIVKD.
Within the last fifty years over 60,000
words and phrases have crept Into the
long Dsn- language, some of them but
for an ephemeral existence, while oth
ers, which only a short time ago were
classed as slang or vulgarism, are today
permanent parts of the language.
Unless the origin of a slang word is
known it Ih almost Impossible to tell
how long It hus been in use.
The word "bogus," meaning counter
felt or false, was once looked upon as
a slang word. Its origin Is somewhat
Over half a century ago a man natnel
ItorgheHe made himself notorious by
drawing bills on fictitious bunks. His
name was commonly called Bogus, and
his bills, as well us others of a similar
character, were universally styled bo
At the honoring of Colonel MacDon
alL In Glasgow university, says the
Glasgow Times, an old woman Inquired
of another: "What a' steer was a boot?"
"Oh, they're making Colonel MacDon
ald an LU D." "What's Colonel Mac
Donald?" "Oh, he's a famous soldier."
"They dlnna mak' stch a fuss a boot oor
Jack when he wis made an LL.D."
"Oh, Is your son an LL.D. ?" "Aye, the
sldger yln. He weers It on his hat.
He's wl' the iectrlo llghtln' department!"
Hints About Bedrooms.
The care of a bedroom Is sometimes
neglected because of the apparent sim
plicity of the work. The style in which
it is usually accomplished is known to
The coverings are thrown back over
the foot of the bed, permitting them to
drag on the dusty floor, and the win
dow Is left open five or ten minutes, a
length of time popularly considered
quite sufficient to air the room. The
bedmaker may possibly turn the mat
tress, but in seven caies out of ten the
bedclothes are spread up without going
through this form, and tucked in snug
ly at the sides and foot to prevent th
fresh air getting in or the stale air es
The right way of performing this
work Is not so difficult that one should
shrink from It. The coverings should
first be stripped back over two chain
set at the foot of the bed. The mat
tress should then be doubled so thai
the air may get to all parts of It, and
left so for from half and hour to an
hour. In very severe winter weather
the time may be lessened. Each piece
of bedclothing should be well shaken
before It is restored to its place, and
the pillows beaten and .patted into
shape. The white spread, that should
have been removed at bedtime the
night before, and neatly folded, is now
fresh and smooth. If pillow shams ara
not used, the creased night slips may
be exchanged for fresh day cases and
the former laid aside until evening.
The bed ' is not all that needs close
are in the sleeping room. The dusting
s far more Important than many peo
ple suspect. Accumulations of fluff
and dust form a favorite nesting place
for disease germs and unsavory smells.
On this account, many ornaments are
not to be commended In a bed chamber.
The bits of drapery, the brackets, the
gay Japanese fans, the photographs and
the piecps of bric-a-brac that are ad
mirable In other parts of the house, are
out of place here. Whatever furniture
there is should be carefully wiped off
each day with a soft cloth, and this
shaken out of the window afterwards.
The room should receive a thorough
sweeping at least once a week, and at
this time every article In It should be
moved, and no nook nor corner left un
brushed. If there are curtains at the
windows, they should be well shaken,
that no dust may linger in their folds.
The receptacles for waste water
should be washed out every day and
scalded three times a week. In hot
weather the scalding should take place
every day, and the utensils be sunned,
If possible. Wash cloths should be
wrung out In boiling hot water every
other day. Without ibis, they soon be
come offensive. Shoes and other artl
cles of apparel should not be left lying
about the room to gather dust and look
untidy. Soiled clothes should never be
left in a sleeping; room. They contam
inate the atmosphere.
When all these precautions are closely
followed, there will be no trouble with
the close, unpleasant odor that one
finds often In even handsome and ap
parently well kept bedrooms. Such
malodora are not only disagreeable, but
positively unwholesome, especially lot
delicate persons and children.
Testing watermelons and cantaloupes
Is now In order. One good test of a
cantaloupe Is fts weight; If heavy. It is
likely to be ripe and juicy. If it has a
spicy smell when a little piece Is nipped
from the stem end,, it will surely be
good. Georgia negroes test watermel
ons by bitting them with the doubled
(1st, the resulting sound proclaiming
the condition of the melon. Or they
drive a nail we hope It is a clean one
Into the side of the melon that has
lain next to the ground. If the nail
goes in easily, the melon is ripe.
Tapping a watermelon at one end,
pouring- In claret, and putting It on ice
for a fe whours, will, it is claimed, pro
vide a dish fit for a king; though many
southerners say that too much chilling
of a melon tends to make it lndlgestl
It has been asserted that salt and
pepper, instead of sugar, added to ba
nanas, cantaloupes, muskmelons and
Watermelons, will distinctly improve the
Cantaloupes should not be filled with
Ice, as It soaks them with water and
destroys their flavor. Placing them on
shredded ice until they are only moder
ately chilled Is by far the best way of
serlvng them, esepcially as so many
persons eat them for a first course at
Watermelons may be kept cool with
out Ice, by rolling them In wet cloths
putting them where the sun shines
strongly, and wetting the outside cloths
as soon as they become dried by the
action of the sun. The constant evap
oration keeps the melon cool, and this
process is a good substitute for a re
If Jelly bags are dipped In water be
fore pouring In the fruit Juice, it will
prevent waste, and also expedite the
process of straining.
Roasted potatoes are In the best con
dition for eating. Potatoes vary much
In food value, according to the manner
of preparing them. The peasant's In
stinct Is correct, when It leads him to
use milk with his potatoes, the milk
supplying the elements that the tubers
Pure butter, eaten In moderation, will
furnish the oils that are needed by the
The whole paraphernalia of an elec
tric kitchen might be made to fit into a
tiled closet, so arranged that no odor
would escape into adjacent rooms. Like
Its predecessors, the gas and oil stoves,
It would be a book to many a solitary
roomer" anxious to economize on the
cost of her meals, which must always
be nourishing and strengthening, if she
Is to keep herself in the best condition
NILE COUNTRY WILL BLOOM.
How To Preserve Tomatoes.
Tomatoes are preserved now for win
ter use the same as eggs, and the pro
cess Is similar. In the height of the
tomato season gather the perfect and
sound fruit. Those with the skin
punctured will not answer. Get ready
a clean water-tight cask or barrel, and
a quantity of lard for fat grease. Mel!
this and pour some of It In the bottom
on the barrel, and carefully pack a
layer of tomatoes therein so that they
will not touch each other, Let the
lard harden around the tomatoes form
Ing a smooth surface. Pour more melt
ed lard on top and pack another layer
of tomatoes. By letting each" layer get
perfectly cool before another one Is
put In, the tomatoes will not touch
each other. When the cask Is full
the tomatoes are protested from the air
and in this condition they will keep all
winter If packed In a cool, but not
freezing room. When ready for eat
ing In winter the grease must be clean
ed off, and the tomatoes peeled. The
odor of the lard will not penetrate be
yond the skin, and, If carefully han
dled, tomatoes almost good and
fresh as those gathered from the gar
den can be had ready for use at any
tlme.-G. B. W.
When nibbing up your stoves at fall
house cleaning, do not forget that the
Isinglass windows may be most quickly
and thoroughly brightened by vinegar
and water. Rub them quickly with a
soft rag dipped Into the water and vin
egar, being careful to go well into the
corners. This .will keep the windows
plean for a long time.
Shake rugs by holding them by the
middle part, never by the ends. They
will last twice as long, when the strain
is thus evenly divided.
Sun streaks on furniture may be re
moved by a mixture of one-third sweet
oil and two-thirds alcohol. Afterwards
restore the polish by rubbong on kero
sene with a soft linen.
Adding a little powdered borax to
cold starch Is said to give an extra
stiffness to linen.
To wash a pillow or bolster, double a
sheet and sew side and ends together,
leaving an opening on one side and a
little more than the width of the pil
low. Open pillow, sew the two to
gether, and shake feathers into the
sheet. Wash thoroughly In soapsuds,
rinse, wring with machine and dry in
the sunshine, shaking often to lighten
the feathers. Before returning the
feathers to the tick, coat the inside of
It with thick flour paste and let dry; or.
What Is better, rub the sunface of the
tick with melted beeswax, so the fluff
and feathers will not work through.
In washing dishes, be careful that
handpainted china, and china with gilt
ornamentation, be not left to stand In
hot water, as this treatment will In
ure the decorations sooner or later.'
The area of Egypt Is 6,250.000 acres,
of this 4,130,000 acres prodce a rental
of $100,000,000, while the remaining 2,
120,000 acres produce a rental unde $10,-
000,000. Practically one-third of Egypt
is today undeveloped for want of water.
It is to rescue some of this land, and
also to render more certain the peren
nial Irrigation of other portions, that
the great dam on the Nile at Assouan
is now being built. The original plan
for lae conslmctiojiof thisirazne.:ise
dam contemplated flooding the temple
Df (Philae for several months each
year, but met with such violent opposi
tion from archaeologists and others
that the government was obliged to give
way and considerably reduce the water
surface from a height of 114 meters to
106 meters. Whether this will ulti
mately save the temple remains to be
seen, but it greatly reduces the storage
capacity, which now stands at 37,275,
000,000 cubic feet, the length of the res
ervoir being 111 miles. The dam Is to
be a single straight masonry wall,
pierced with 140 under sluices of 107.6
square feet area each, and by forty
upper sluices of half that size. The dam
will have a total length of nearly one
and a quarter miles on a perfectly
straight line, and will be founded ev
erywhere on granite rock. The maxi
mum head of water will be 66 feet and
the maximum height of water 92 feet.
The width of the dam at the top will
be 28 feet and at the bottom 81 feet.
During the whole of the Nile flood all
the sluices will be fully open, and the
water will be discharged through them.
The maximum discharge of an extras
ordinary flood is 494,000 cubic feet per
second, and this will traverse the
sluices of the dam with a velocity of
20 feet 6 inches per Becond, and a head
of 11 feet.
The construction of this huge dam
involves engineering difficulties of the
first magnitude. Its site Just below the
Assouan cataract, some 500 miles south
of Cairo, this being the only spot at
which it was believed that good foun
dations could be obtained. The bed of
the Nile is here filled with islands which
are separated from each other and from
the banks by channels, through which
the water rushes f urloualy, especially
at low Nile.
The contract for the whole wrok was
made between the Egyptian govern
ment and Messrs. John Aird & Co. of
London, in 1S98. The preliminary works
were commenced in April of the same
year, and were principally confined to
excavation on the line of the dam and
of the navigation channel and to bring
ing on to the ground plant and materi
als Houses, shops, restaurants and
hospitals were also built to accommo
date the large number of persons di
rectly., nd1ndiiect!y connected with
the work. During the early summer of
IS99 the number of these persons reach
ed a total of 10,000. The foundation
stone of the dam was laid on February
12, 1899, by the Duke of ConnaughL
Masonry was commenced on March It,
but very little was done before the be
ginning of the following month. Dur
ing May, June and July, 1899, masonry
was energetically carried on at the east
bank, and during the three months L
425,000 cubic feet were laid.
Owing to the Nile flood less progress
was made with the masonry during
the remaining five months of the past
year, and on December 31, 1899, th
total stood at 3,025,000 cubic feet. Work
is being rapidly pushed forward in the
lock channel. During the months at
September, October and November,
1899, 700,000 cubic feet of sand were
brought by rail and deposited on the
bank of the Nile, in a position conveni
ent for filling the bags and loading
the boats which conveyed the material
to the site of the sudds, south of the
Naturally it will be a considerable
time before such an important work
can be completed and come Into oper
ation. When storage commences the
effect on Egypt will be Immediate an
great, although the country could well
use a much greater quantity of water
than the reservoir will provide.
The construction of the dam will re
quire the expenditure of over 100,000,01
The City of Troy, which has been en
larged by the annexation of the towns)
of Lansingburg and Brunswick, la one
of the oldest cities in New York, bar
ing been incorporated In 1816 at a time
when the only other incorporated cltlM
in the state were New Tork, Hudson.
Albany and Schenectady.
SCANDAL IN GERMAN ARMY.
To mend China mix powdered lnt
glass with the white of an egg.
Russian Toffee Boil for a quarter of
an hour one tin of Swiss milk, with two
pounds of course brown sugar, one tea-
spoonful of essence of vanilla, and a
piece of butter the size of an egg. This
should be of the consistency of caramels.
Crumpets are made of a batter com
posed of our, water or milk, and a
small quantity of yeast. To one pound
of our add three tablcspoonfuls of
yeast. A portion oi the liquid paste
not too thin (after being set to rlne) is
poured into a ring on a heated iron
plate and baked.
Use Sweat Oil For burns and scalds
apply equal parts of sweet oil and
llmewater; for creaking hoots rub the
tides of the soles with sweet oil; for
chapped hands apply equal parts of
sweet oil and glycerine; for cleaning
bronzes rub them well with sweet oil
tnd polish with a soft leather.
Ham Toast Mince the ham finely,
free from skin and fat. Heat the yolks
f two eggs with a little skim milk and
melted butter; stir In the ham, place it
In a small stew pan, and stir It over
the fire for a few minutes. Have some
buttered toast ready and cover each
piece with a half-Inch layer of the ham
Tlxture. Dust a little grated yolk of
tgg over and serve.
Berlin. (Special.) Thirty young men,
all belonging to prominent and wealthy
families, are now on trial at Bberfeld
the outcome of the famous "pill
case," the most sensational in years.
Otto Strueksberg, the rich wine and
igar merchant of Cologne, whose pros
perlty was first checked when govern
ment spies explored the suspicious by
ways of his trade, died In Jail awaiting
rial. He was, however, the chief of
fender, though it was only by chance
that the dangerous and Illicit com
merce which he had boldly carried on
for the past decade was discovered.
Stucksberger's "private business," In
which he was assisted by a score or
more of agents who have not yet been
brought to trial, was that of infecting
eh young Germans with counterfeit
iseases which should appear to unfit
them for military service. Ordinary
dodges for avoiding service are futile
In the land of militarism, as hundreds
f Indolent young men discover at each
conscription time. But a man cannot
be made to shoulder a gun when he
bears all the signs of a serious or
chronic disease which is sworn to in a
statement signed by a reputable doc
tor. So Stucksberger, to those who
could afford it, supplied "pills," now
become famous, which had the power
to produce the appearance of disease.
More than 200 witnesses are now at
Bberfeld, prepared to give testimony
which will convict StuckRberger's pat
rons and associates. The whole empire
la In a state of excitement over the is
sue of the trial, for according to tier-
man standards no more serious offense
could be committed, and It Is said that
by the emperor's secret command' the
offenders will receive an extraordinary
The clue to a mystery of long stand
ing was afforded by the ca.e of Walter
Friedrlchs of Remsrheld. Friedrlchs, a
healthy youth, was bent on avoiding
the dreary military life so cordially
hated by most of those who are forced
to enter it. His father, Helnrlch Fried
rlchs, a well-to-do man, was approach
ed by an agent of Pluckshprg, who of
fered to procure Walter's discharge for
a consideration of JC25, which was paid.
Toirng Friedrlchs visited Rtucksberg
nnd was taken by him to call on Dr.
J!leL a Cologne physician. Later Fried
rlchs received pome of Btucksberg's
pills and a written statement, signed
by Dr. Zlel, that he was suffering from
chronic heart disease.
In spile of this Friedrlchs was forced
to enlist. Desperate, he sent for more
pills, which he received while In camp
at Potsdam and which were discovered
by the authorities, after the receipt of
anonymous letters Informing them that
Friedrlchs wns artificially Inducing dis
ease with Hturksbcrg's help.
Compromising letters from the younpr
man's parents and from Rtucksbcrg
threw further light upnn the affair, and
the government was In possession of
the secretd of the trade that for ten
years had flouriFhed all through the
Rhine country and southwestern Ger
many, In consequence every man who
has during this time escaped service on
the ground of Illness Is under suspicion.
The story of Stucksberg's practices to
startling. He dispensed three chief
rieties of pills, made of digitalis, eaX
fein and picric acid. With these he was
able to produce in his "patients" the
appearance of rheumatism, heart dis
ease, Jaundice and other complaints.
In close association with him were Dr.
Zlel and a druggist named Enes.
As Dr. Ziel supplied most of the Ill
ness certificates, he no doubt shared
shared Stucksberg's profits, which rang,
ed, it is now learned, from 6,000 to
$8,000 a year. His fees, which were ob-
tained with no difficulty from the rich
manufacturers' sons who formed the
majority of his patrons, were some
times as high as $1,250, and never less
The section in the German penal code
referring to this offense is as follows:
"Whoever shall adopt deceptive means
in the Intention to free himsielf wholly
or in part from military duty shall be
punished with Imprisonment, and may
also be deprived of the rights of citizen
ship." It is certain that In this Instance
the law will be rigidly interpreted.
SOME LATE INVENTIONS.
Horseshoes which wear unevenly can
be repaired by an Australian's patent
nail, which has a head much larger
than the common nail, the four nails
nearly covering the worn surface of the
shoe and raising it to the right height
A combined cuff button and holder
has been patented having two paraiiei
metallic Jaws, controlled by a sliding
wedge, with a shank on the inner Jaw
to enter the holes of the cuff, the outer
Jaw being similar in design to an. or
dinary cuff button.
Buttons are easily cleaned without
removal from the garment by a new
machine, which has a slotted base. In
which a slide is arranged to open and
receive the button, with a brush sus
pended above the opening to be rcvolv- '
ed by a crank and scrub the button.
By a new opera glass attachment the
focusing of the glass Is made easier, the
9plndle being rotated by a rack bar.
which Is pivoted on the frame and has
a serrated knob projecting from the
top, to be reciprocated by the linger
to open or close the glass.
Two Indiana men have designed e,
sound-locating device, comprising a
double-faced drum, with openings lead
ing from the center of the drum to
tubes fitted with earpieces, which In
dicate by the increased vibration en
cither side which face is receiving the
Liquids will not spill over In filling
bottles If an Improved funnel Is used,
the tube being Inserted in a rubber
stopper to fit tightly In the neck of the
bottle, with a small tube Inside to e
hnust the air and an Internal stopper
which ruts off the flow when the bot
tle Is full.
Chicago Tost: "What makes yew
think their engagement will soon be an
nounced?" "Well, the last time I called
I saw her showing him her ooekiaa
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