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About Harrison press-journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1899-1905 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 8, 1901)
S6e Bondmaa ..
By HALL CAINE.
tiArinn v. (Continued.)
With that he thrust spurs Into hla
florae's sides and went off at utmost
Then Jason wan alone on the plain.
Jot another human soul was left. The
crowd was gone; the Mount of Laws
was silent, and a flock of young sheep
ran past it bleating. Over the moun
tains to the south a red glow burned
along the black sky and lurid flames
Shot through it
Such was the beginning of the erup
tion of Skaptar. And Jason staggered
along In the day-darkness alone, aban
doned, shouting like a maniac, swea-.
"ig Jike a man accursed, crying out to
the desolate waste and the black winl
aweeping over it that if this were ths
end of the world he had a question to
"k of Him who made it: Why He had
broken His word, which said that the
wages of sin was death why the
avenger that was promised had not
came 10 smite down the wicked and
save the Just?
In this valley of the Loher- there I
long peninsula of rock stretching be
tween the western bank of the lake
ana tne river called the Oxarn It he
Kins in narrow neck where is a pass
for one horse only, end ends In a deep
pooi over a Jagged precipice, with a
mighty gorge of water falling from the
opposite ravine. It (s said that this
awful place was used in ancient days
for the execution of women who had
killed their children, and of men who
Jiad robed the widow and the orphan.
Near the narrowest part of the pen
insula a man was plunging along In
the darkness, trusting solely to the
'light of his pony, for his own eyes
could see nothing. Two long hours h?
had been grouping his way from thi
...Cun.. c L wr 5, and lie Wtt Uii willilu
Ine short mile of it. But at last he
aaw help in his extremity, for a man
on foot approached him out of the
gloom. He took hm for a farmer of
those parts and hailed him with hearty
Good man," he said, "put me on the
rignt path for Reykjavik and you shall
nave five kroner, and welcome."
But scarcely had he spoken when he
recogtiiied the man he had met. and
the man recognized him. The one wai
Jason and the other Jorgen Jorgensen.
Jorgen Jorgensen thought his hour
had come, for, putting his hand to hl.i
weapon, ho remembered that be had
not reloaded it since he had shot at
Jason, and so he flung it away. But
the old -tiger was not to be subdued.
Come,' he said, out of the black
depths of his heart, "let us have done,
l. What is It to ber
? Then Jason stepped back and sale",
"That is the way to Reykjavik over
the stream and through the first chasm
on the left."
At this Jorgen Jorgensen seemed ti
catch bis breath. He tried to speak
and could not.
"No, said Jason. "It may be weak
ness, it may be folly, It may be mad
ness, but you were my mother's father,
God pity her and forgive you, and not
ven at the price of my brother's lifj
will t have your blood on my hands.
Jorgen Jorgensen touched his hone
and rode on, with his gray, dishonored
head deep in his breast. And, evil
man as he was, surely his cold heart
was smitten with shame.
No Althing was held in Iceland In
flint ruor rtt IhA iri-Afi ortmHnti n
.mi ... . . , n " - ji vi v. .
Skaptar. The dread vlsitatiton lasted
six Ion months, from the end of Jlum
to the beginning of January of the year
following. During that time the peo
ple of the south and southeast, who
fad been made homeless and penni
less, were constantly trooping Into
Reykjavik In hundreds and tens of
hundreds. The population of the capi
tal rose from less than two thousand to
tnore than twenty thousand. Where so
many were housed no man ever knew,
and how they lived none can say.
Kvery hut, every hovel, every hole wa
full of human beings. Men, women
and children crawled like vermin in
every quarter. For food they had
what fish came out of the sea, an J
when the frost covered the fiord a foot
deep with ice they starved on fish
bones and moss and seaweed.
By thin time a cry for help had gone
up throughout Europe, and Denmark
'n - J"-! England had each Rent a shipload
Vf provisions, corn and meal and pota-
" - WW 11-. I . . - . I II.
toes. I ne renei came late, me snip
were caught in the Ice and held Ice
bound a long moil l h off ReVkianesx,
and when at length the food for whic'j
the people famished was brought into
Reykjavik harbor the potatoes were
like slabs of leather and the corn and
meal like blocks of stone.
But even In this land of Are and
-frost the Universal Mother Is good to
her children, and the people lived
through their distresses. By the end
of February they were trooping back
to the scenes of their former homes,
for, desolate as those places were, they
loved them and clung to them still.
la tbe days of this awful calamity
there were few that remembered Mich
ael Sunlocks. Jorgan Jorgensen might
nave had hie will of him then and
scarce anybody the wiser. That ho
held his hand waa due first to fear ami
then to contempt: fear of Copenhagen,
contempt of the man who bad lost his
Influence over the people of lcelan.1.
Ma Wsa wrong on both counts. Copen
hagen cared nothing for the life of
Michael Bualocka, and laughed at the
revolution whereof he had been the
bead and center. But when the people
of Iceland recovered from tbe deadly
visitation their hearts turned back to
the man who had Buffered for their
Then It appeared that through tbesi
weary months Michael Sunlocks had
ban lying In the little house of detail
MM at Reykjavik with no man save
owe and that waa old Adam Fair
brother, to raloe a voice on hla behalf,
Ud no woman, save one woman, aad
A-,t waa Oraeha, to cling to blm la hla
i Itv. Neither of tbete had been
allowed to come near to him, but both
had been with him always. Again
and again old Adam had forced his way
to the governor and protested that
Michael Sunlocks was not being treaf,
af laone' but as a condemned
criminal and galley slave; and again
and again Greeba had come and gone be
tween her lodgings at the house of the
bishop and her heart's home at the
prison with food ni !!
who lay in darkness and 'solitude. Li t
tle he knew to whom he was thus be
noiden, for she took pains to keep her
secret but all Reykjavik saw what she
Was doing". AnH ho k.) r.,i.
'"' touched when she brought
Her child from Krisuvik, thinking no
shame of her altered state, content tj
exist in simple poverty where she had
once lived in wealth, if so be that she
mlhr t..,t . ....
--- uu,. mucn tne walls mat con
"iea ner husband.
Seeing how the sympathy waa going,
Jorgan Jorgnsen set himself to con
.u:r wnat step to take, and finally
concluded to remove Michael Sunlocks
ir as possible from the place where
his power was still great and his
temptation to use It was powerful. The
omuiesi spot under his rule wa
. . m ,. aiuni vinir iin ttta Arr
circle, tbirty-flve miles from tb
...uu. ii was small; it was
aparseiy populated; its inhabitants
were nsnermen with no craft but open
row boats; It had no trade; no ves
sels touched at it. and the sea that
separated it from Iceland was frozen
during many months of the year. And
to this island JorrenHun rlerlHe,! that
ki.,..i . . ----- -
oumocKs snouid go.
wnen the word was hmnrhi in
ajicnsei sunlocks he asked what 1.
was expected to do on that little roc
at the end of the world, and said thu
OllVtun.. .,.,...!, ... - .
wuum oe nis sentence or Jor
I prefer to die, for I have no area
reason to wish for life," he said "bu
If r v....4 ii. . i.. -
. juunv live, let me live her I am
blind; I do not know the darkness cf
this place, and all I ask of vou is nr
ana water. '
Uia Adam. too. nrotested lnurllv
fcnereupon Jorgen Joraensen answered
wiln a smile that he had sunnotied that
all he Intended to do wax for the hene-
flt of the prisoner himself who would
Eureiy prefer a whole island to live
upon to being confined in a cell
"He will there have libertv to move
about, said Jorgen, "and he will live
under the protection of the Danish,
might take advantage, and for the ten.
dernesg that could never resist a storj
(To Be Continued.)
Coulda't Work Him for a "Temple."
A civil engineer employed in Salf
Lake City received recently from the
cashier at the works at which he had
oeen engaged his first week's wages,
less 10 per cent. He askod why, hav
ing worked a full week .at agreed
rate, there should be any deduction.
"It's the tithe for the Ter.nio"
the answer, and on further Inquiry it
appeared that It was uauai in Salt
Lake City for every citUen or work
man to pay over to the elders a sum
representing a tithe, or 10 v-er cent of
,e.rninK8 or 8aintl- Tnu engineer
said that he knew nothing about the
Temple or the elders, ana that be
cared less. He added that he would
nave his full nav nr iinn h.
why,- "Oh, it's entirelv nntinnai '
said the cashier, pushing over the ba'l-
Then that will be more than he has
done here." said Adam, boldly, "where
ne has existed at the caprice of a Dan
ine people of Revklav k heard of
the banishment with surprise and an
Ker, Dut nothing availed to prevent it
When the appointed day came MLchal
Sunlocks was marched out of hisi
prison and taken off' towards the
Bursting sand desert between a line of
guards. There was a great throng to
bid adieu to him and to groan at ttw
power that sept him. His face was
pale, but his bodily strength was good
His step was firm and steady and gav;
hardly a hint of his blindness. His
farewell of those who crowded upon
him was simple and manly.
Good-bye," he said, "and tbouish
with my eyes I cannot see you, I can
see you with my heart, and that is the
better sight whereof death alone can
rob me. No doubt yon have much to
forgive to me; so forgive it to me now,
for we shall meet no more."
There was many a sob at that word
but the two w ho would have been most
touched by It were not there to hear it.
for Greeba and old Adam were busy
1th own enterprise, as we shall learn
When Michael Sunlocks was landed
at Grlmsey he was offered first as bond
man for life, or prisoner-slave to the
largest bonder there, a grasping old
lser named Jonsson, who, like Jor
gen himself, had never allowed his ba l
conscience to get the better of him
But Jonsson looked at Sunlocks with
a curl of the lip and saldr "What's tho
use of a blind man?" So the end of
all was that Sunlock was put in chargo
of the priest of the Island. The priest
was to take blm into bis house, to feed,
clothe and attend to him, and report
his condition twice a year to the gov
ernor at Reykjavik. For such service
to the state the good man was to re
ceive an annua! stipend cf one hun
dred kroner. And all arrangements
being made, the escort that had
brought Michael Sunlocks the ten days'
journey over the d"ert thlr faces
towards the capital.
Michael Sunlocks was then on thi
edge of the habitable world. There
was no attempt to confine him. for hl.i
home was an Island bound by a rocky
coast; he was blind and therefore help
less, and he could not step out a thou
sand yards alone without the danger ol
walking over a precipice Into the sea,
So that with all bis brave show of lib
erty he was as much In fetters as if
his feet had been enchained to the
earth beneath them.
Tbe priest, who was In truth hi
Jailer, wag one who has already been
heard of In this history, being no other
than the Slgfus Thomsson (titled Sir
from his cure of souls ) who waa ban
ished before for marrying Stephen
Orry to Machael, the daughter of the
Governor-OeneraJ Jorgenaen. He had
been young then, and since hla lite
had been cut In twain he had fallen
Into some exceaaes. Thua it had often
htppened that when hla people came
to church over miles of their track
It ss country he had been too drunk to
go through with It, and sometimes
When they wlabed to make aure of him
for a wedding or a christening they
had been compelled to decoy htm Into
his houee over alght and lock him
up until morning. Now he waa elderly
and live alone, aave for a fractious old
man aervant, in a straggling old moes
covered bouae, or group of houses. He
waa weak of will, timid aa a dear aad
Infirm of purpose, yet' he waa beloved
bv all men and pitied by all women for
hla awtet almaUalty, whereof anyone
Why tho King Dropped Albert.
Many theories have been put for
ward with regard to King Edward's
Luuice oi name; that is, the dropping
of the appellation "Albert." It Is, how
ever, no secret that the king never
lied the -name of "Albert " r.,i it ,a
I'uiy in aererence to his mother's wisn
that he signed himself "Albert Ed
ward." More than once he asked to
ue anowea to sign himself "Edward
ui me queen wag obdurate. Tbe king
knew that the name of "Albert" would
not be congenial to the British nation.
oon as yueen Victoria had
passed away he communicated to Lord
oaiisoury his wish to be known
Oo Snip Authored on Aaothr.
ii is not usual for a ship on the
"' eaB " elect to cast anchor on
ju oecic of a passing steamer; but
imu is what a four masted schooner
did recently in the Atlantic. The two
vessels grazed in the fog. and the
catted" port anchor of the schooner
laugnt in the steamer's deck "by a
iiukg. u fastened to an engineer's
r""5 .win m 8ucn a manner as to
bar his exit, but fortunately tbe chain
parted Just as the room was being
jippeo into fragments. The schooner
followed the steamer to its destination
.u iccover her anchor.
Th Shah'a agO.OOO Automobile.
a oiiuuer of motor earn in T.Wo
France, has Just sent to Teheran an
open carriage of the landau ahann nr.
urea Dy me shah, at the price of
-u.uuu, it has seats for five, one of
wnicn is the driver. The body is
painted royal blue, and the wheels
tarmine. The seats are luxurious.
Prlngy and covered with nearlv erav
satin. Two handsome lamps stand out
eu irom me driver s scat; the frames
are sliver gilt, and the glass panes
beveled; they are decora'ed in the
middle with the lion and sun of Per
Phil Mar. the Inrion nrtiot ion.
"t l me iin nr iv ho l.Bi-t.mo a
nmeseeper in a large iron foi'ndi
sys ne: -i was de chtert wi th.
office, but the foundry masters were
not anile so satisfied. At first they
were surprised at the great nunctnaHrv
of the entire saff of workmen; later
uiey simpiy marveled at its continu
ance, and finally they discovered that
Kept tne timebook on a system of
THE BABY'S KIBST 8CMMKR.
i-iuMinaro jij T n. .lit !'!Q
born in Sf ptember or October, for then
he will have but one summer to pass
tnrough whlie his powers of resistance
are very low. By the end of the sec
ond year the child should have devel
oped considerable strength of constitu
tion, and ought, if properly cared for,
to triumph over many evil influences
to which the younger infant is very apt
The primary cause of Infant mortal
ity in cities during midsummer is the
Intense heat and next comes Is the
case of bottle-fed children, the giving
of indigestible food or of milk which
has begun to change. The baby's life.
in other words, depends upon his be
ing kept cool and being properly fed.
These matters are of such Import
ance that in most of our cities the
health boards Issue each summer leaf
lets containing directions for the care
or tbe baby, and distribute them
among all the tenement-house dwellers.
In these leaflets, mothers are
warnod particularly to keep the baby
and-all Its surroundings absolutely
clean. The child should be sponged or
bathed once or twice every day im
lukewarm water, dried by wrapping im
a soft towel, and then put fnto clean,
dry clothes. The clothing should be
light and loose and changed often-.
rhe baby should never sleep in the
'otbes which tt has worn during the
'try, nor wear fn the day those which
ave beer, slept in at night It should
Jeep In a separate cot, and never
a the bed with its mother. The sleep-ng-room
should always be well aired,
he windows being open1 day and night.
iniiln? the day the baby should be
f'Pt in the -open air as much as pos
ibie. and n daily ride Into the coun
y on a trolley car, or an excursion on
ije water, if there is any large body
Of it accessible wtir.-Hh, mriro nur.
hap, thai, anything ene- to keep the
little one in healtht
H should never be forgotten that a
baby nodB water to drink, and nlenty
of It, In hot weather. The water
simi'ld be boiled, then poured into a
Lottie, half filling it, and well shaken
to restore the air lost in boiling. This
is then cooled, not iced, and' given to
the baby in small quantities at fre
quent intervals through the day.
A uiiiFing baby has an immense ad-
vr,tag over one that is bottle-fed.
and on no account should weaning be
attempted Just before or during the hot
weather. If artificial feeding is neces
sary, the physician should be con
sulted as to the choice of a food, for
among the many kinds on the market
some are good and some are not.
A baby's diet will be considered
more fully in another article on the
prevention of summer complaint.
stairs afford a firm foothold on which
the paasengers can stand until they
reach tbe tipper level. A glance at
the picture will show the plan on
which the apparatus works, the treads
forming automatically at the bottom
of the lift by causing the supporting
bars to pttSo into !i.eruaLe upper and
lower sloU or guideways, thus bending
the conveyor out of a straight line to
form the treads and risers. Of course,
the moving handrail is also provided
to aid the passengers in maintaining
SOTHEBN'S LITTLE JOKfc
in urazu a species of tree-frog
uiyia laDer; constructs in the water
a curious nest, or fortification, to pro
tect its eggs and Its young from the
attacks of fish. Starting at the bottom
or a pond, the
mother frog erects f.'vj
a circular, tubelike
wall of mud, which!
q'iw "w -..
at the top projects
above the anrfa PHI
nf tha viler ,,-v. - '"w'li.-:
it bears some re
semblance to the crater of a minia
ture volcano. In the water thus en
closed the eggs are laid, and when they
nave hatched out the young frogs are
secure from enemies until they are
able to take care of themselves. In
the meantime the parents remain in
the neighborhood as if on; guard.
PERGVrAN SKA PONlKf..
Among curiosities of human inven
tion are the small, gondola-shaped
floats called caballltos, "little horses,
employed by fishermen on the coast
of Peru. They are made of sticks of
cane, firmly bound
together, with a
prow. The rider
rests on big knees
and guides his wat
er pony with a paddie. He rides over
the roughest waves, and penetrates the
roughest waves, and penetrates the
surf and breakers without fear,
casionally he is dismounted, but
mediately regains his seat. His
tie raft Is unsinkable and defies
stormiest sea, although of course
never goes far from land.
Wide Variance In Puplla- A gen.
J nere are l.ioo Ch ncse nnnil in
wueens college. Hong Kong, varying
it age irom 9 up to 2.1. and manv of
ii'Fm nave family cares in the shape
of a wife and children at home. Each
year sees a decrease in the proportkm
oi married school boys, and the aver
age age becomes less every year. In
us eany history boys of all ages were
to tie found In the school, and it was
ulte possible to find father and son
run a dead heat for the first prize.
Chinese Banknote BOO tear Old,
The Chinese have on show in Lon-
iti, in an exiiiumon oi eany nr nunc
from Japun and China, a bank note
HSiied In the course of the relzn of
Kmperor Hnngwu, 1368-99. This Is
300 years earlier tban the establish
ment at Stockholm of the first Euro
pean bank which issued notes. This
er-rliest of banknotes measures eigh
teen incnes by nine.
AN KI.KfTBIC NTORM DETKCTOR.
By connecting a form of electric co
herer, invented by Professor Lera
which is capable or registering elec
tric discharges taken place in the at
mosphere at a diHtance of several
miles, with a telephone receiver, Mr.
Tomniaslna, an Italian experimenter,
has produced an instrument, named
"ler-tro-radiophone," which enables
an observer to follow the course of a
storm so far away that no trace of it
appears above the horizon. When the
receiver is held at the ear. the listener
hears the sounds of the storm as if it
were raging in his Immediate nelah
borhood. In one Instance an approach-
nig storm was thus detected 12 hours
bffore It passed over Intra, the Dlace
DtST FROM THE CL.OLD3.
Baron JNordenskjoid, upon finding
(irerian I'rlnce a Dramatlat.
Prince Nicholas of Greecs. third son
of the king of the Heller.es, was re
cently designated "laureate" In a dra-
atlc congress organized by the Uni-
vtrslty of Athens. The work which
obtained for him this distinction was
a comedy enililed "The Heformers,"
and was Judged on Its merits, the com
petitors having to send la their compo
sitions under pseudonyms only.
Her Laadaule Ambition.
Colonel Q. B. M. Harvey, tbe pub.
Usher, tells, of meeting the young
Driae ot a well known Keutucky fam
Uy, who- said: "I'm glad to meet you.
" i m inmKing of writing a
book." "Of what sore?" asked the
colonel. "Oh," was lh answer,
"something like 'Ls Miserable' only
r lea's rroraaeMly.
In college the late John Flake took
up such unusual courses of study aa
Gothic, Icelandic, Danish, Swedish,
Dutch and Roumanian; then he delved
In law and was graduated from the
law school at the age of 12. Such a
list of achievements makes him aa
Admirable Crlchtoa of extraordinary
Mow Hea Off BharaaboaUrt.
William K. Vanderbllt, Jr., does not
intend that Idle Hour, his uew home
at Oakland, L. I., shall be photo
graphed without hla pernilwalon. Ha
baa accordingly had pictures taken
from every possible point and copy
righted the results.
Bes-al Flatel abet.
Klag George of Ore hss latalv
taken up pistol practice as an amuse
ment and la developing a considerable
talent In that direction, so that ha
waa able la a recent tournament to
defeat soma of Ua best shots la tbe
FIl.TEReu WATER IIAMIIOO.
Mr. R. H. Yapp, an English natur
alist who has recently explored the
mountain ranges of the Malay Penin
sula, reports the hitherto little known
fart that in several species of bamboo
the hqllow fnternodes the parts of
the stems between the Joints are
stored with large quantities of nat
urally filtered water. Tbe knowledge
it this fact might be of great service
n an emergency. Mr. Yapp also dis-
:overed two species of ferns, growing
m trees, wtione thick, flhy stems arc
filled with galleries tunneled by ants,
the ferns thus forming living nests for
'" v -
Nf AIR-LIFT FOR PANMKNaKR.
The moving stairway In the east
ern department store have ceased: to
on the snows of Greenland dust corn-
poped of the elements invariably asso
elated with meteorites, and of uncom
mon occurrence in terrestrial matter,
concluded that cosmic dust is falling
imperceptibly but continually upon the
earth. Recent spectroscopieexamlnation
of many varieties of dust collected in
England and elsewhere has an inter
esting bearing on Nordenskjold's con
elusions. Among the constituents of
dust floating fn the air are lead, silver
copper, rubidium, gallium, Indium
luaiiiuiii, minei, mauganese ana so
forth. Many of these can be traced
to their sources in factory chimneys
and flues., Volcanic dust has char
acteristic features, and dust from
clouds, collected either by itself or in
hail, snow, sleet or rain, exhibits a
regularity of composition not seen in
other varieties of dust. Iron, nickel.
calcium, copper, potassium, and sodium
always appear in it in about the same
proportions. Some dust that fell near
Dublin in 1897 resembles meteorites in
its composition, is attracted by a mag
net and seems to be of cosmic origin
As a VeatrlloquUI He nays
One of the peculiarities of Sothera's
elaborated Jokes was the way in which
he worked up to them. He pretended
f lioya i1IiiaaJ " J J , . i . . &, . ,
- - -- -1 4 aiiuueuuii; lilttt tie
possessed the gift of the born ventrilo
quist, and arranged an experiment oa
tbe occasion of a supper party given in
his honor at a pleasant house in a Lon
don suburb. There was a foolish kind
of hanger-on of Sothern's who loved
to boast of his intimacy with the fa
mous comedian. He had often said, "I
wish you would let me help you in oo
of your practical Jokes, Mr. Sothern."
Sothern humored hla desire. Every one
knows how fond the professional ven
triloquist is of talking tip the chimney
to an imaginary man on the roof. Soth
ern had arranged for his slavish con
federate to mount the roof by a ladder
aad play the part of the voice on the
roof, which he did to perfection, and
Sothern's success as a ventriloquist
was voted nothing short of marvelous.
Supper being over, the party adjourned
to another room, at which point Soth
ern gaid "Good night" to his friend
above when it was arranged that the
seance should1 be concluded. Sothern,
had, however, plotted against his man,
who found, when he wished to descend.
that the ladder was gone. By hook or
by crook the deceived confederate
found his way to the chimney of the
smoking room, where the supper party
vssre settling down for a long evening.
Presently a voice was heard calling
down the chimney, 'Sothern! Sothern!
for heaven's sake come and helD me'
r can't get down and it's raining like
mad!" Sothern was taken aback for a
moment, but only to be in ectasies tho
next at the exclamations of his friends.
wno considered the voice only another
example of Sothern's skill. "You said
you could do more, your voice was
tired, and here it is stronger than
ever!" Sothern, accepting the compli
ments of his friends, managed in a
short conversation with the voice oa
the roof to let his happy confederate
understand that as soon as possible he
would go out and help him down. Af
ter a time, Just when Sothern was
about to slip out and release his friend,
his host went to the chimney, and, all
the more emphasize Sothern's success.
as he thought, called out, "Ar"e you
still there?" This was the last straw
upon the rain-drenched back of the
sufferer. "Oh, go to blazes!" came the
angry reply, and with it a piece of
mortar that rattled in the sxate.
'You're a beast!" Exchange.
A GIANT VARIABLE STAR.
In w. nAnnt.ll..l .
in mrc tuusiriijiiiuD uemini is a
well-known variable star, Zeta, ot less
than the third magnitude when bright
est, which, according to an estimate
recently set forth in the Observatory
by Miss Agnes M. Clerke, may be
ranked among the giants of starry
space. The comparative insignificance
of Zeta Gemlnorum among the visi
ble stars appears to be due to its
enormous distance. It removed equally
rar away, our sun would be only one
thirty-seventh as bright as Zeta Gem
lnorum when at its maximum bright
ness, and Miss Clarke computes the
gravitatlve power of the star at 225
times that or the sun.
be a wonder to the shoppers aad have
proved themselves a great convenience
and necessity, being always ready to
carry paasengers without the neces
sity of waiting for a return trip as In
the case of the ordinary elevator. Nbw
comes aa Inventor of Phliadelnhls
with sn Improvement on the original
moving stairway, with Its low treada,
the new arrangement taking the form
of stairs which are made to rlae on
the endless chain tonvevor The..
Ruar Irene a China..
The siiRar cane ot China is said by
botanists to be an entirely distinct spe
cies from thai! ef India, and this fact
is supposed t Indicate that the de
velopment of sugar cane was carried
on independently by tww different na
tions at the- same time.
TeNirepm A bore let Claud.
Another mountain obriervatory is
projected. It Is to stsnd at an eleva
tion of 6,000 feet near Semmerlng, in
the Austrian Alps. The neighboring
valleys are frequently filled with
clouds, while the ehosen peak towers
clear In the starlight.
In a paper read recently before the
Soclete Internationale dee Electriclens
M. Plcou, who was the englneer-la-chlef
for the electricity supply service
at the Paris exposition, gave some In
terestlng figures. Ths tots I duration
of tbe electricity aervlde at the fair
waa 2,758 hours, during which public
lighting was supplied for 0 hours,
and the average number of hours of
running of the generators was 718.6.
The total connections to the mains
represented 11, m kllowatta-practl-cally
20,000 horse power.
"Wind shakes" are circular cracks In
a tree separating the different layers
They are supposed to be caused by
wind, sad greatly Injure the lumber
made from such a tree,
HOME OP MYRIADS OF BATS.
Great Carern In East Africa Inhabited -
by Enormous Bfammal.
One of the most remarkable caverns
In the world has recently been discov
ered by a Belgian missionary, M. Chau
dols, on the coast of German east Af
rica, near the harbor of Tanga. The
main entrance to the cavern is in the
form of a majestic arch, which is more
than thirty feet in height. Beneath it
gushes from the earth a stream of
water. The cavern is 120 feet high in
some places and as many as 240 feet
in others. The principal portion is
fashioned like a chamber and it is so
spacious that it reminds one of a
square in some large city. A labyrinth
of halls Intersects this chamber and
each of these leads to a smaller room.
Intense darkness prevails throughout
this subterranean region and the man
who loses his way in it cannot easily
nnd it again. A worse difficulty than
this, however, has to be encountered
for from time immemorial the cavern
has furnished a home for myriads of
bats, and the human being who pene
trates into their stronghold finds it
at times impossible to make the slight
est headway and is sometimes even
obliged to make a haaty retreat. Ac
cording to M. Chaudois, the sides of
the cavern are literally covered with .
these bats and some of them are such a
monstrous size that it is imposible to
defend one's self against them, even
with a stout stick. "I saw some." he
says, "that measured more than three
feet in width and whose heads were
as big as chickens. One- can imagine
that it is very unpleasant to find one's
self suddenly Burrounded by thousands
of such creatures, and that as they
swarm around you it is very difficult
to prevent them from extinguishing
your torch. More than once they ob
liged me t take flight, for their at
tack was so vigorous I could not with
stand it." Another discomfort lies in
tlie fact that water is perpetually drip
ping from the roof of tbe cavern.
The marmoset is not generally an
animal whose intelligence Is well de
veloped. The following anecdote,
however, will prove that there are In
dividual exceptions. M. Hatchet
Souplet possessed one of these monk
eys, which was subject to toothache;
for, when It was eating nuts. It man
ifested Its sufferings by expressive
pantomime. It would try with Ita
Angers to get out tbe small pieces of
nuts lodged In Its teeth, only doing so
with great difficulty. it occurred to
M. Hatchet-Souplet one day to eug-'
gest to the monkey a better means of '
getting out of tbe difficulty. He took
a toothpick and used It before the ani
mal. Then, after giving the monkey
a lot of nuts, he placed la the middle
of ita cage a abort atem of Iron, which
he had sharpened to a point on
a stone, Tho monkey Belted the Iron
and tried to use It as he had seen
his master do with the toothpick. Not
finding It to hla liking, he proceeded
to put a finer point upon It by sharp
ening It oa tho stone. He dislodged
the pieces of ant, and always after
ward used his Iron toothpick with
moat satisfactory results.
Ths Gwaii army tacludea
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