Harrison press-journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1899-1905, June 06, 1901, Image 2

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    IlEiriscn Press-Journal
GEO. D. CANON, Publisher.
TIte department of agriculture in 1U
annual report gives inu amount o!
money the people of the United States
(pent in buying flowers at retail is
m9 as follows: Roses,, 16,000,000; car
nations, (4,000,000; violets, $750,000;
chrysanthemums, $500,000; miscellan
eous, including lilies, $1,250,000.
A remarkable burglary has just been
committed at the suburban station
of Herkulesbad, Buda-Pesth. Three
men delivered a coffin, apparently
empty, for conveyance to Buda-Pesth,
"carriage to pay." The last train hav
ing gone, it was locked for the night
in the station master's office. Next
morning the coffin was found with the
lid off, and the office safe had been
The geodetic commission of Switzer
land has undertaken an exact leveling
of the whole country by the most
scientific methods. The work has
been going on for many years. Each
point determined is fully described
so that, in its turn, it may serve s a
datum point for more detailed work
and all the points are referred to one
origin namely, to a monument in
Geneva whose altitude above the sea
has been fixed.
A German expert in the east points
out that as time goes on more and
more men are reculred to coerce
China into doing the will of another
power. The opium war required only
4,000 Europeans, the Anglo-French
war against the Chinese 16,000 and
4,800 Indians. The Japanese needed
95,000 men and 115,000 coolies, and to
day we find 90 men-of-war and al
most 150,000 men attempting to com
pel obedience from ths gisst empire.
Most curious are the sewing or
tailor birds of India little yellow
thumb. To escape falling a prey to
snakes and monkeys the tailor bird
picks up a dead leaf and flies up into
a high tree, and with a fibre for a
thread and its bill for a needle sews
the leaf onto a green one hanging
from the tree; the sidc3 are sewed up,
an opening being left at the top. That
a nest is swinging in the tree no
snake or monkey or even a man would
In the Hawaiian legislature the na
tive or reactionary element, which
calls itself the "Home Rule party," is
in control. Its leaders were opposed to
annexation, and some of them have
not abandoned the hope of the recall
- ot the ex-queen. Not all the members
speak English, and few of them are
familiar with American institutions.
They make unreasonable demands
upon Governor Dole, and consume
much time in personal bickerings.
Many radical measures have been in
troduced, but the only bill enacted
during the first half of the session was
one appropriating money for the ex
pense of the legislature. Altogether, it
is a disappointing beginning; but legis
lative vagaries will be held in check by
the executive, and gradually experi
ence 'and growth of intelligence will
bring improvement.
A London scientist is exploring the
"color cure" or "chromopathy," based
on the Influence on disease or morbid
Sates of the system which different
kinds of light waves are presumed to
exert. The modus operandi is to allow
light to pans to the patient through
glasses of different tints. Disease, says
the discoverer, "shows a want of har
mony in the system in other words,
a want of color." The main doctrine
propounded under the system is that
red is a stimulant tint, and should be
used where there is lack of vitality,
while blue exerts a soothing and seda
tive action. Yellow is "a capital cere
bral stimulant." But the color curlsts
are not content with the action of light
alone. They think that colored rays
allowed to play on water endow that
fluid with curative properties, the wa
ter being used externally or for inter
nal administration.
Uncle Sam is not only building a big,
new mint in Philadelphia, but, be la
making it the finest in the world. He
is also bringing it wholly up to date;
for electricity, and electricity only.
win De tne power -wnicn manes the
thousands of wheels go round. Elec
tricity is the password for every appli
ance that knocks for entrance here,
and nothing that will not lend Itself
to the energy of the dynamo can And
a resting place. The building ie a gi
gantic bunch of electric nerves, and the
floors of the many rooms are tatooed
with little brass plates, which mark
the spots where these vibrating nerves
. ... . . ...
ua uc mypi'u m isrure me power
used In driving the machinery. Every
machine In the place will have Its own
motor attached, tnereby rendering Its
use Independent of any otner part of
the system, making It possible to op
erate the smanest device, both night
and day, without moving any other
part of the system.
Ad Interesting fact brought out by
the recent elections In Colorado is the
marked tendency of Colorado men to
elect women as city treasurers. . Mm.
Margaret Robin woe unanimously
chosen city treasurer of Idaho Springs.
At Aepen, Mrs. E. A. Kennejr was re
elected to the same osflce by a large
Saajortty. Mrs. Jennie Oale was elect
ed etty treasurer at New Castle, Mrs.
C2 C. Palmer in Oreety, Mrs. Clara
4, Cart at AIM, Mrs. Mary Shanks
ft Czm. KM Xettt K Doaahoe at
I JCiDilK. frowale at Maa-1
So Parfaet and SclaBtMe It U Taadar
What Haaaa f-mj A boat It Tfca
Tariff staat Mot Ba "Monkajad" with,
haji Ha,
The evident difference of opinion
amongst Republicans and Republican
newspapers on the necessity of tinker
ing the tariff to down the trusts or to
preserve it intact in the Interest of
those combines, is rather remarkable
in view of the fact that the tariff pi
rates have hitherto all stood together,
only clamoring that their particular
trust or interest might be especially
favored. Some of the Republican
brethren have evidently since the ad
journment of congress discovered that
their constituents are "against the
trusts" and favor the repeal of the
schedules that give them special privi
leges. Congressman Babcock of Wis
consin, who is chairman of the Re
publican congressional committee,
seems to have heard the voice of the
people in his district and probably
elsewhere. President McKlnley wants
to dodge the difficulty by reciprocity
treaties which, while favoring the
trusts, will allow the foreigners to
come in and compete with our pro
ducers of fruits, oils and wines, etc.,
and still protect the manufacturer.
This was the arrangement in the reci
procity treaty with France which was
rejected by the senate.
There is another advantage seen by
the President in tinkering the tariff by
means of reciprocity treaties. It pre
vents the matter coming before the
house of representatives, where all
matters of revenue constitutionally be
long, and relegates it to the executive
sessions of the senate, which are held
with closed doors. Thus the people
and their representatives know noth
ing about the matter until it is set
tled. The Czar of Russia and his
executive council arrange tariffs and
taxes in this way and its Initiation by
President McKlnley and the Republi
cans is one of the strong indications
of our near approach to imperialism.
Senator Hanna evidently agrees with
the reciprocity program, and it is sin
gular that on the same day that Presi
dent McKlnley announced it, on his
tour of triumph through the South,
Senator Hanna makes a more extended
statement of the Intentions of the ad
ministration in another part of the
country. In an interview at Wash
ington, Pa., he said: "I am not cheeky
enough to endeavor to speak for the
Republican party, but I can speak for
myself, and as far as I am concerned
there will be no tinkering with the
tariff. Congressman Babcock's posi
tion does not merit serious considera
tion. "Although, perhaps, It would make
but little difference to take off the
metal schedule, do you suppose we are
going to do that and allow the Nova
Scotia Steel company, for instance, to
dump her products into New England?
Not much. We may not need the
tariff so much any more as far as for
eign countries are concerned, but we
must protect ourselves against the big
Institutions which are springing up on
our border.
"The Dingley tariff is a most perfect
work of human Ingenuity, balanced on
scientific principles. It must not be
disturbed nor must there be any
changes In our tariff except on a basis
of reciprocity."
The pretended modesty of Hanna is
evidently intended as another hit at
Babcock for having dared to interfere
in a matter that only McKlnley, Han
na and the Trusts have any business to
meddle with. The balance of the Re
publican party, Including the Repub
lican members of Congress, are evi
dently expected to ratify any action
that they may desire, reciprocity or
Hanna tells one great truth in bis In
terview when be intimites that the
tariff is so ingeniously balanced that
It is dangerous to disturb it in the
slightest manner or it may fall to
pieces. All this tempest may, how
ever, be allayed when the major re
turns from his free trip and takes
Babcock and his following In hand
backed up by the persuasive eloquence
of the steel and other trusts. There
In plenty of time to arrange matters;
congress does not meet until Decem
The original trust is so far ahead of
its Imitators In Interest-paying ca
pacity and Is piling up millions for
it shrewd owners to Invest in other
monopolies. The Standard Oil com
pany yesterday, says the New York
World of May 8, declared a dividend
of 12 per cent, which means a distri
bution of $12,000,000. This dividend is
payable on June 15 nest. Lest year at
this time the great Oil Trust declared
a 10 per cent dividend, or $2,000,000
leas than the one decided upon yester
day. Since January the trust has de
clared a previous dividend of 20 per
cent, a distribution of $20,000,000. In
four months the Oil Trust has earned
$32,000,000 in profits for Its stockhold
ers, sn average of $8,000,000 month,
or st the yearly rate of $9,000,000.
Yesterday It was stated in Wall street
that the trust would probably pey In
all 75 per cent ia dividend during
1901, or $76,000,000. Stock In the com
pany yesterday, on the curb, sold up
to $42 a share, the highest price on
record. The trust Is caplUlised at
$100,000,0M and yesterday's price
makes the market valu? of Its stock
$141,000,000. John' D. Rockefeller
owns 31 per cent of the capital stock
of the trnat. Baaed on yesterday's
price, hi holdings are worth IM1.M0,.
00. Hi ebare af yewteNyg dtvttaM
wiilstS,7Mm TH$ vot Ms pay
no tax towards the support of the
United States, for the tariff Ux paid
by Rockefeller when be uses a pound
of tea or his cigars or his tobacco Is
no more than the tax paid by our
poorest citizen that usea these or other
necessities or luxuries. The Income
tax was intended to reach these enor
mous Incomes, and it must before long
be Imposed, or all the wealth of the
country will concentrate Into the cof
fers of these millionaires.
The International Navigation Com
pany Is also to be absorbed by the Mor
gan ship trust, and adding the twenty
one steamers of this company to those
of the Leyland and Atlantic Transport
lines, already absorbed by the Morgan
syndicate, the combination will have
a fleet of ninety-seven ships. This to
tal does not include seven ships build
ing for the Leylands, four for the At
lantic Transport and four for the Red
Star line.
John D. Rockeller, says the New
York World, who is heavily interested
in the International Navigation com
pany. Is said to be behind Mr. Morgan
in the absorption of the latter. The
steamship combine will be utilized, it
is declared, for the joint benefit of
the Steel, Copper and Oil Trusts and
other industrial combinations con
trolled by the Morgan-Rockefeller syn
dicate. The combination Is being perfected,
shipping men say, chiefly to allow the
Steel Trust .to figure with certainty
on foreign contracts. Knowing what
future freights will cost, the trust can
consider them as known instead of an
unknown quantity in bidding on bridge
and railroad construction in any part
of the world.
It waa stated that the Morgan
Rockefeller syndicate organized the
Steamship Trust on the understanding
that next winter a bill can be pushed
through Congress which will enable
the foreign-built vessels to come in un
der the American flag.
This will be the means of augment
ing the American merchant marine by
a wholesale and ready-made process,
beating the slow Increase that comes
by building In domestic shipyards.
The ship-subsidy scheme may also en
ter Into the syndicate calculations.
Some of the daily newspapers seem
to take an especial delight In befud
dling or deceiving their readers on the
financial question. Speaking of the
sale of bonds in this country and Eng
land, one of them lately says:
"England offers to sell consols at
94. They pay Z per cent on par
now, which Is 2.91 per cent on the sell
ing price; they will pay 2' per cent
after two years, and in twenty-one
years they will be redeemable at par.
A month's extra Interest is to be paid
as a bonus. United States 2 per cent
bonds sell at 10614 "
Now, that is a very misleading state
ment and was intended to sliow that
the finances of this country are In
much better shape than England's are.
There Is a vast difference between
an English consol and a United States
bond. If a man buys an English con
sol be gets bis interest and that is all
and in addition the government de
ducts the income tax of 6 per cent.
If he buys a United States bond be
can use it for banking and the gov
ernment will give him the full face
value in national bank notes, which he
can loan to bi3 neighbors at the gov
erning rate of interest and receive the
interest on his bonds at the same time.
Then, again, if be is one of the large
favored bankers he can deposit his
bonds at Wabhington for security and
get gold for its full face value. The
national banks have over $90,000,000
loaned to them in that way without in
terest. Is it any wonder that our bonds are
worth more than English consols with
High salaries are paid the members
and officers of the Philippine commis
sion and the officers of the provisional
governments established in the Philip
pines, says the Washington Star. The
secretary of the commission has a sal
ary of $7,500 and the members of
the commission are supposed to re
ceive a salary of at least $10,000 each
per annum and expenses. Tbe treas
urer of the Philippines receives $6,000
a year; the auditor, $6,000; the deputy
auditor, $4,000; the collector of cus
toms at Manila, $6,000, and tbe deputy
collectors, $4,000 each. Tbe director
general of posts has a salary of $5,000
and tbe postmaster at Manila gets 13,
500 and bis assistant $2,250. The gen
eral superintendent of public instruc
tion receives compensation at the rate
of $6,000 a year, and tbe other prin
cipal officers of tbe archipelago are
also liberally compensated. Each of
the principal officers is well supplied
with clerical assistance. There are
forty-eight clerks In the office of tbe
military governor, fourteen In tbe of
fice of the Philippine commission,
thirty-two In the auditor's office and
a large force In tbe customs, Internal
revenue and postal service.
Cease fraaaa.
Indictment have been found by tbe
United States grand Jury against five
men who carried out tbe census frauds
In Maryland, but tbe Instigators of
tbe scheme have not yet been arrested
and never will be. It Is quite unlikely
that even these small fry will be con
victed. A new census is being taken
by the state for tbe purpose of correct
ing the frauds and allowing a fair
legislative apportionment
Pesas fee Maaay.
What I thUT Money U per cent In
Wall street and I per eent In Chicago.
What's wrong? Help, Oage! Help!
Bay mere bonds; don't harjl for a
east or two, hot buy and bay quickly.
lato Dark and Godforblddaa Tlaraa
LoaC oa ratrlotUaa a ad short oa
KroaoavlM DKappolBlawat Notad aa
Kaary Uaad.
Long on patriotism and short on
economics, would be a fair criticism of
President McKlnley's speeches, for
his idea that trade follows the flag will
not bear Investigation. "We want to
send tbe products of our farms, our
factories and our mines Into every
market of the world, to make the for
eign peoples familiar with our products
and tbe way to do that Is to make
them familiar with our flag." That is
what the president said at McComb,
Miss. It is possible that he wished to
convey the idea to his Southern bear
ers that men and guns were to accom
pany the flag and shoot American
goods down the throats of foreigners.
It is to be hoped he did not mean that,
for besides its barbarity and cruelty,
it has not been a success where tried
by other nations. But perhaps the
president was thinking of the ship sub
sidy bill and thus forcing the flag to
the front. Hanna thinks that way and
It is known that they agree on po
litical matters.
The fact is that trade does not fol
low the flag, our greatest trade is with
England and Europe and there outside
of our legations the flag Is rarely
se&n. We have had the flag raised
over Cuba for some time, two years
or more, and we are losing ground
Instead of gaining.
American manufacturers who looked
for a large Increase In their trade with
Cuba upon the expulsion of the Span
iards, says tbe Chicago Chronicle, are
disappointed and looking around for
explanations. The events of 1899 led
them to believe that their expecta
tions would be realized. The value of
cotton goods, for instance, exported to
tbe islands, increased considerably and
reached over $990,000. In 1900 there
was a sudden drop to $297,800, a de
crease of more than two-thirds. This
was not due to falling off In demand,
for Importations from other countries
Increased far more than those from
the United States diminished. The like
Is true In a greater or less degree as
to various lines of goods.
An explanation which Is offered Is
that Spanish officials collected full du
ties on goods from all countries ex
cept Spain, but passed Spanish goods
practically free when they were suffi
ciently "seen." When American offi
cials took hold Importers expected
American goods to be similarly fa
vored. Finding themselves mistaken
In that respect, they bought less In tbe
United States and more elsewhere, for
reasons which are not clearly stated.
Probably, however, the reasons were
various, such more satisfactory
credit, lower prices and goods better
suited to the Cuban demand.
As a result we may expect certain
classes of manufacturers to appear in
Washington lobbying for either legis
lation or ssrne sort of reciprocity
treaty which will give them an arti
ficial advantage in Cuban markets, but
they are surely to be met by sugar and
tobacco protectees protesting against
any concessions lb exchange for tbe
special favors desired by these Ameri
can manufacturers in Cuba. Our Cu
ban relations are not settled yet by
any means.
From this It will be seen that the
fallacy of the dogma preached by the
president that trade will follow the
flag Is equal to that other illusion, pro
tection, of which the prer.ldezit has
long been the high priest.
That business missionary. Rev. W.
S. Ament, has arrived from China and
calls upon Mark Twain to recant his
charge of looting, for he says the mis
sionaries did not loot, but he explains
what they did, which, according to his
own showing, looks much like it.
"The abandoned palace of Prince Hsl
Ling," says Missionary Ament, "was
close to the part of the city where the
allied troops were quartered, and,
therefore, was comparatively safe
from the attack of the boxers.' For
that reason we took possession of tbe
abandoned property.
"The prince, who had fled, was a
gambler and a prominent boxer lead
er. He had left nearly all his personal
belongings and the house was filled
with curios. On the advice of judicious
friends we took absolute possession of
the property, selling the curios and
clothing to raise money with which to
feed and clothe our charges. We re
alized $2,500 for our people.
"Another feature of tbe times that
Mr. Twain criticises is our rade In
furs. We considered the venture a
perfectly legitimate speculation. Some
of the native Christians went to rich
men of their acquaintance and bought
up furs, In order that they might not
fall Into the hands of looting soldiers.
These furs we bought in turn and sold
at an advance.
"In reply to Mr. Twain's statement
that the one-third added to the dama
ges was nothing short of extortion and
robbery, I want to ssy thst Mr. Twain
was not conversant with the facts
when he wrote his article. Tbe plsn
was first broached to Chang Yen Mao,
tbe commissioner appointed by LI
Hung Cbang to settle the claims of the
native Cblrsitlans. Onr Idea was to
give tbe Christians exactly what they
bad lost and the eitra third was col
lected for the benefit of the widows
and orphans.
, "In all w collected about $20,000
a territory IS nits long by from
nfteen to twenty aline wide, and the
collections were made through th
Chinese magistrates. There was no
objection filed by anyone, official or
otherwise, and we could have collected
twice as much, but on my own lnitia-
tlve, the amount was cut In half. That
Is all that Mr. Twain's charge amounti
Selling the goods of a man, even II
he Is a gambler and a boxer would b
considered here a rather bold perform
ance. Dealing in stolen furs Is certain
ly an unchristian act, but then Rev
Mr. Ament was some thousands ' ol
miles away from home and perhaps b
thought these trifles would never com
to light The fear that the beautifu
furs, for which the Chinese are fa
mous, should fall Into the hands of thi
"looting soldiers" seemed to weigh
heavily on tbe mind of the mlsslonar
and as be saw a chance for largi
profit, possibly to be expended for thi
widows and orphans, he embarked ll
tbe unholy traffic, knowing the goodi
were stolen.
Tbe looting of soldiers is bad enough
but the acts of Rev. W. S. Ament an
an outrage and the church who sent
him to China should promptly dis
mif?s him and disavow bis acts.
Municipal ownership, where it has
been tried and honestly administered
has proved a success, the danger is
that the management would fall into
the hands of the professional politi
cians that Infest most cities, who
would demand that ward heelers be
given positions for which they are un
fit and thus make the service worse un
der the city than under the private
corporation. The vast amount of
money that would be bandied In the
larger cities If they owned the street
cars and the great chances for stealing
the proceeds of such a large under
taking may be seen from the New
York state railroad commissioner's re
port for the year 1900. In It we find
that 567,144,099 persons were carried
on the surface street cars of the Bronx
and Manhattan, 323.229.C39 on the sur
face and "L" roads of Brooklyn, and
184,164,110 on the Manhattan "L"
roads. This makes the Inconceivably
huge total of 1,074,537,848 five-cent
fares collected from the people of
Greater New York last year. This
gives $53,726,892.40 as the total yearly
expenditure for car-fares within the
city limits, the great bulk of It by tho
the working people. Three-cent fares
all over the city would reduce that ex
penditure to $32,236,135.41. And that
would leave In the pockets of the peo
ple, to be saved or spent for other pur
poses, the magnificent yearly sum of
$21,490,756.96. And it must not be
overlooked that tue number of car
fares collected In Greater New Y'ork
grows much larger every year. There
wag nn Increase of 113.000.000 fares In
1900 over 1899.
Tho attempt of President McKlnley
to arouse the enthuslaum of his audi
ences by alluding to "the flag," which
he did twenty-six times In three days,
would indicate that we are soon to
be entangled with trouble with some
foreign foe. We are hardly over one
war yet, Mr. President; better give
us a bit of a rest and allow the war
taxes we arc still paying to be re
The recall of Archbishop Chapflle
from the Philippines and his journey
to Rome Is now explained by a cable
from London which says: "The ap
proaching meeting here of Cardinal
Olbbons, Mgr. Chapelle and the arch
bishop of. Manila Is designed to re
move the conflict that has arisen be
tween the Vatican and the United
States regarding the sequestration of
the property of the monasteries In tho
Philippines." So there is a conflict be
tween church and state in the Philip
pines, In spite of the censored reports
that everything waa lovely there.
If China cannot raise the money In
demnity some of the nations will de
mand territory as security. Then will
follow the partition of China and the
"open door" will be slammed In our
With Hanna and McKlnlev for re
ciprocity, Babcock for free trade In
steel, Dick for municipal and govern
ment ownership and Grosvner for an
Income Ux, the Republican brethren
are able to cater to any taste.
Minister Conger may be a poor
diplomat and not sharp enough to car
ry out the McKInley-Hay Chinese
policy, but he will do well enough fin
governor of Iowa. It does not Uke
much of a statesman for that posi
tion, judging by the past
When the ship subsidy bill was be
fore the late congress i'ui Republican
senators asserted that without the sub
sidy It would be many long years be
fore the supremacy of the American
merchant marine would be restored.
Morgan's purchase of the Atlantic lines
completely refutes their statements
and the subsidy grabbers will have to
use some other argument In tbe next
Borne of the newspapers sre claim
Ing that the free trip given by the
railroads to President McKlnley is psrt
of the program to bull slocks. There
Is no doubt the railroads are Inter
ested In the scheme whstever It Is.
It Is best not to conclude that there
Is to be a factional light In tbe Re
publican party because they do not
agree on the tariff reduction. This Is
sn off year and a certain amount of In
dependence of opinion aid to eatefc
tbe granger vote.
Slow rivers tow at tbe rati of three
to seven mite in knar.
Tna Editor la Soa of a Mohawk
Chief Who Waa Edaratait at Oo.ra
ant Srboola Spacluiu I'arag-raBb
from Ina I'apar.
Tbe Mohawks of Canada and New
York state are to have a newspaper.
It will be edited by Charles A. Cooke,
a full-blooded Indian emplojed in th
department of Indian affairs at Otta
wa, says an Ottawa correspondent of
the New York Sun. Some time ag'
Cooke began publishing the Onkweon
we, a semi-monthly magazine, printed
in the Mohawk language, and It was
so successful that he has decided to
turn it Into a newspaper, thp first of
Its kind In Canada and the t frond In
America. There are other Indian pub
lications not newspapers, but the ma
jority of them are Issued by mission
ary societies and they are edited by
white men. The Cherokee Advocate,
published In Indian Territory, Is the
only other Indian newspaper In North)
America. The Onkweonwe will pub
lish some telegraphic news from differ
ent parts of the world, market new
and reports of prices of furs, skins,
fish, etc., and will have an Inquiry de
partment, which will be one of Its
leading features. Editor Cooke Is th
son of a Mohowk chief and was edu
cated at government schools and after
ward took a course in a Canadian col
lege. When he had been graduated he
got a clerkship In the Indian depart
ment. He is a dark-skinned young
man, with pronounced Indian features.
He Is a good singer and Is a member of
the choir of the leading Methodist
church In Ottawa. Two other Mohawk
Indians, Miss Maracle and Joseph De
Ilsle, are employed In tho same room
with Mr. Cooke. All are well edu
cated. Few of the Indians can red
English, but about 10.000 sro able in
road anything printed In (he Mohawk
dialect. The Mohawk alphabet con
stats of twelve letters and n and k arr
used much oftericr than any of th?
others. An ordinary eight-pug" Imxh
of t!, Onkweonwe contains about one
quarter n's and k's. For this reason
the editor has had sonic difficulty In
getting bis copy set up, a tho print -soon
runs out of n's and k'n. Eng'Uh
characters are used. Here Ib a speW
men paragraph from the Onkweonwe:
"lakonuewata Inlakopke enxKa nc-
tens teken 'mlnlt' Jlntkarlvu-s onon-
w:iptf.ra W.rito f Innflnnf Ii-o ..nut..
Jlalniaksera tenwatlascren en;Ui Jlien-
wakatstcke Jlenlontste."
When the Onkweonwe came out flrt
many of the old chelfn objrt'd to it.
"Tbe great Spirit, Cliche Manltou
the Mighty, ays good Imllann never
read newKpapers," said they to tii
younger braves, but the- paper became
popular. Indians like to hear about
the doings of the white men. When
Editor Cooke started the paper h-
published incidents aboiit I'ip Indian'!,
and soon letters were cr! to him
from bis fellow braves (taylng, ".Sto:
publishing news about the Indians; tell
us about Latirlcr and others." Thy
did not object It the name Onkweon
we, which means In th? Mouawk
tongue, "the only human being," or
"the real human being." In coii trail Itf
llnctlon to others who are locked upon
as being lens worthy of the name of
man, or as lacking In qualltlm of
manhood. "Onkwe" means a human
being and would be applied to a pale
face or to an Indian of another trib.
The addition of "onwe" Is Mohawk for
"the real thing." The Mohawks are
Inquisitive. Among the ouehtlons Edi
tor Cooke has had to answer are tb
following: "Why does the government
try to control Indians?" "What in
electricity? "Who was Paplneau? and
what did he do?" "What is an In
dian?" To the last question Mr. Cook'!
answered "An Indian Is ah Indian who
has native blood In hU veins, and
who Is on the reserved lands under tbe
protection of the government." Tho
Onkweonwe recently published the fol
lowing story about an Indian living
near Eganvllle, not many miles from
0;tawa; "Indian John, a celebrated
Mohawk guide, who Is now 80 years
old, has been sleeping In bis coffin for
some months. John, although still a
vigorous man, knows that he must
soon leave for the happy hunting
grounds, so some time ago he made
himself a coffin and began sleeping In
It, Since then he has used no other
bed, and he has told his family that
If death comes to him whlln he Is ly
ing In his coffin they are to put on
the lid and bury blm. Until tbe call
comes John will continue to hunt tn
the land of the Mlasissangus.
O.M HIM I. EnvalopM.
German postmasters have been s j
annoyed by eccentricities In the shapes
and sites of the envelopes Inclosing
mall matter that a bill U In lu Intro
duced In the Reichstag prescribing tba
size and shape of envelopes. The chief
annoyance Is the delav In tamnlnc
the letters with postmark and canee'-
ing sumps, for these odd-shaped and
odd sited missives will tint nass
through the stamping machine In such
a way as to receive the stamp properly,
snd have to be gone over again by
A Olfaatla Knlttlaa rrapaaltloa.
The Information of tha larva
of tbe government budget, which Ihn
Hlamkam . 1 ..-.I ct I , , i . .
' " Mig oaiiauury e caul net
are Imparting to tbe Britons as gently
M possible. Indicate that the Old Lady
f Taremdaeodle street will have to do
little extra klttlng.-8altlmore Her-
anlat J
- it