Harrison press-journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1899-1905, May 31, 1900, Image 2
OBO. O. CANON. Editor. NQN. - - NEBRASKA EZ2RA8KA STATE VVWfi ! ---- - " A j i I Bn Rock Island Is ImDrovine iha depot. Hurt wan badly kicked in by a bone at Clay Center. Elkhorn Valley Editorial asso meets at Gordon June 2. All school teachers at Lyon have re-elected for another term. Tie State University has augmented Horary by $10,000 worth of volumes. school boards at Nebraska City and David city have named teacheera tor the ensuing: year. E. Muelhausen cf Wymore, aged 81, tad aa arm and a leg: cut off by a train and is In a precarious condition. rostmaster E. A. Richardson of Oarks died from the effects of an am nutation of his arm, necessitated by Deputy Attorney General W. D. Old asam or Lincoln will make the speech nominating Bryan at Kansas City. At Columbus Judge Hollenbeck sen- Nichols, the bigamist, to fifteen in the penitentiary at hard The alumni association of the Bro Bow- high school gave its annual et to the graduating class at the SMraogtoa hotel. tramps attempted to hold up tn Bight watchman at the Hastings gas bouse, and all they got was a little puiiuce and a good beating. Finmont high school pupils, who "swiped the clapper from the school house bell were disciplined and then toad te return to their school work. the town dog at Wilbur, given a Christian ,burial by C. O. I fade berg, a coffin and grave were Oovided, with appropriate ceremonies. ,C- . Xork will send a delegation to Wash mgtoa to Urge the Nebraska represent atives to push through an approprla- i wr a government building for that apportionment of money for the : of the public schools of the state tor the next half year is I400,321.9, the highest ever made, but one. The docket at the May term of dis trict court at David City Is the lightest far several years, (there being only thirty-five civil and six criminal cases. The cadet battalion broke camp at Beatrice Tuesday and returned to Un- on a special train, after a dress and band concert at the high grounds. mm mm tm m mm - . sr f v m l I . t Ts ' Mir i S I v .saw-. m J JV . iit'Mim'iM II WH :. Bim rrr I 11 r --""V. , m - -a MK:-.lt apa f NSW ROBINSON CRUBOK. UNANIMOUS YOTE "Why, of course, that't the feflow to pay the taxes ' we can't afford it." . t residence portion of Madison Is wndergoing considerable improvement. i of large additions are under wav . several houses of good size are In rue of construction. Joseph Sondermann of Grand Tland, of the state board of embalm in Superior and Hardy last collecting evidence on which to a test case of the law protectlcs obalming business. READY FOR AN INCOME TAX. The Chicago platform demanded an Income tax. That demand will doubt less be repeated. But in the light of four years' additional experience It can be strengthened. The country Is ready now for a graduated income tax one graduated good and high. Here are a few estimated incomes that now escape federal taxation; John D. Rockefeller ..-HMW0,(M Andrew Carnegie 24,000.600 William Waldorf Ator . . 9,000,000 Russell Sage ..... 4,500,jO William K. Vanderbilt ....... 4,000,000 Alfred Vanderbilt 4,000,900 C. P. Huntington 3,000,000 Here is a possible schedule of grad uated income taxation: Incomes less than $a,90 Exemnt Bessie Rummell-Allen, formerly t Flatsmouth, was among those seri saaly injured In the Helena hotel fire 4Si CMcago. Mrs. Allen leaped from a third-story window into a fire basket A ssutalned severe internal injuries. "Sber. C W. Lowrie of the Presbyter 4bss church at Madison, who announced that he might not remain at place, has agreed to remain until her, holding but one Sunday la which the session concurred. 1 per cent 1 per ent 2 per cent 3 per cent 4 per cent 5 per cent 6 per cent S per cent per cent ujsjrviot. county has a new town. East After a bitter contest the board granted privilege io in- It is generally understood the saloon question is at the bot Oxford last month having gone safe in the B. A M. depot at was blown open Tuesday night. robbers secured forty-seven one mwit stamps and no money. book tickets and express orders in the safe were found At the school bond election held at to vote on the question of that school district for 110,000 a new brick school house, 271 i cast for the proposition and It, giving it a necessary ma- mmmm vers 9WW 1 one JL M. Lesser, a stockman from Grano to have run the gauntlet committee representing s I sharks and confidence mer lOataha recently. He managed t mtcmrnm, however, after a thrilltni with hi money and hie life ZJhMsa. clahns 5,000 to 10.000.. 10,000 to- . 25,000.. 25.000 to 60,000 2 50,000 to 100.000...... 3 100,000 to 500,000 4 500,000 to 1.000,000 5 1,000,000 to 5.000,000...... 6 5,000,000 to 10,000,000.. 8 Over $10,000,000 10 At these rates the gentlemen named aboxe would pay the government an nually tbe sums following; John D. Rockefeller J4.OO0.000 Andrew Carnegie 2,400,000 William Waldorf Astor 720.000 Russell Sage 270,000 William K. Vanderbilt 240.000 Alfred Vanderbilt 240.000 C. P. Huntington v. 10.000 Total, 18,050,000, from seven gentle men who are now deadheads in our na tionaJ enterprise enough to build two battleships every year or settle all the bills of the armor trust. Prof. Seligman of Columbia said in tbe Forum some time ago: "Under our present system the In vestor In securities, the wealthy man of business, the well-to-do profession al class, largely escape taxation. Is this uniformity? Is this Justice? The' Income tax must be regarded as In part i a compensation for the national taxes on expenditures, and for the inequality In the actual working of the state and local systems." . The two most important , sources of revenue under our present national fis cal system are sugar and beer. A poor family uses about ss much sugar as a rich one, and often more, since it is usually larger, and it generally uses more beer. Hence It contributes as much In these directions not only rela tively, but absolusely, as Its rich neigh bors. Justice demands compensation somewhere else. Imagine a community with a total Income of fl.000,M0 a year, divided among ls.OM families, suppose that of Income over living expenses. To be truly and justly proportionate they ought to be based, not on the total In come, but on that surplus. The larger that surplus the more taxes its for tunate owner can afford to pay. The man whose entire income is absorbed in providing a meagre living for his family has no surplus and therefore ought not to be taxed. The one whose living expenses take an insignificant fraction of his income and whose sur plus mounts into the millions can af ford to be taxed heavily. Taxes such as our present ones which wipe out the entire surplus of persons with small incomes, and leave persons with large incomes unaffected tend di rectly to suiiprrs saving emong the manses and promote the concentration of wealth in the hands of the few.; 1 axes producing the opposite effect would be worth having for their social benefits, even if the government had no use for the money they produced. Ten years ago the investigation of Mr. George K. Holmes, the census ex pert, showed that less than five thou sand persons owned one-fifth of tbe wealth of the United States, and that one-eighth of the population owned seven-eighths of the wealth. The con centration has been enormeusiy i n- cr eased since then. Four years ago Mr. Rockefeller's In come was estimated at W.250.000. Now it is not less than 40,000,000. Of that Mr. Rockefeller can save practically all and invest It profitably. Tbe average family among the masses can save cer tainly not more than ISO a year, If it can save anything at alt Mr. Rocke feller, therefore, can salt down as much s 800,000 such prosperous working fam ilies, numbering 4,000,000 people. Would It not be well for the govern ment to do something toward equaliz ing matters Instead of laying its taxes in such a way as to make the inequal ity greater? THE VOICE OP THE STATES. pur- We favor an income tax for the sup port of the federal government, that industry may be the less burdened, and that wealth may bear its proper share of the general public burdens, and, if necessary, we favor a constitutional amendment providing that such tax may be levied. Virginia Democratic Platform, 1S97. The adoption of a fair and equitable tax on incomes and an amendment to the constitution of the United Slates. it necessary, to accomplish this pose. Illinois Democratic 1S98. ve favor the election Slates senatots by direct vote of the people. We are in favor of an Income tax, believing that each person should pay toward the support of the govern ment in accordance with that which he has. Nebraska Democratic Platform, 1S98. We are in favor of an Income tax, so that the burden of taxation may be equally and impartially laid, to the end that wealth may bear its due propor tion of the expenses of the government, and in view of tbe recent decision of the supreme court of the United Statt-s, declaring an income tax law passed by congress unconstitutional, we are in favor of an amendment to the consti tute making a reasonable and just In come tax constltutlonal.--Ohio Demo cratic Platform, 1S98. We demand the enactment of laws. taxing incomes. In order that those who enjoy the largest measure of govern ment protection shall be required to bear their share of the public burdens. Tennessee Democratic Platform, 1&98 "THOU SHALT NOT STEAL." WHAT LINCOLN SAID: has broken out at Precept 1 gAonee tea miles south ol ' OKy . There la bat one patient htrs. Clason, who con-1 I OM iftsMae through the medium thee one family has K,0W.teo a year w saw imnw nun rewuves in - . as Tarrilotr. where smalloos is ifeat that the M,,Mv which has to mi-ims I mnnnrt asu fa mil v ran afford tn n : i : i kUkM Ik., th. IKSnAASA whlnk CL flhUBMSUS f fTaitilll Ta wKa ' ha, .nnnH IS SSS9 T nnM CJ Cat M for abootlng at a cigar-' present arrangement the second 6,00,- - m mm m mm m rwiumuam iai sv woumj nave io pay ine lasts on ine 'p. aas .iiiiinia jaii sentence looa, anna ana ciotning or ten tnou- .'. ;v twain ii was not long sand families, and tne otner only on 7G aOam found bun under th ; JUSTICE TO RICH AND POOR. : The gentlemen who are so feaiful : or Socialism when the poor are ex : empted from an income tsx view ; with Indifference those methods of : taxation which give the rich sub ; stantial exemption. They weep more : because 115.000.000 Is to be collected : from the Incomes of the rich than they do at the collection of SMMW, 000 upon the goods which the poor consume. And when an effort Is : made to equalise these burdens, not fully.but partially only, the people of : the south and west are called an archists Wiliam J, Bryan, In the : house of representatives. CrP nwJ Iwtee, and be w the JaiL wdt those of one family. All taxes are Income taxes. They nave to be paid out of Income, and they ought tn be paid oat of surplus BUNKER HIIX AND MAJTJBA HIU Y The revolutionary forefathers and the Afrikanders were compared by the Hon William Suiter of New York In a recent speech In congress. He said: "Prior to the present conflict Majuba Hill marks the place of the last contest with Oreat Britain of these valorous people for their homes and their fire sides. Majuba Hill! Forever glorious In the annals of the 8outh African Re public's struggle to maintain Its Inde pendence. Majuba Hill to them la the same as BunkervHill to us, and both will live In history to the end of time 1 as aa inspiration to man." . 1 The principles of Jefferson are the definitions and axioms of free society And yet they are denied and evaded with no small show of success. One dashingly calls them "glittering gen erallties;" another bluntly calls them "self-evident lies." Others insidious argue that they spply to "superior races." These expressions, differing In form, are identical In object snd ef fect, In supplsntlng the principles of free government, and restoring those of clsss, caste, and legitimacy. They would delight a convocation of crown ed heads, plotting against the people. They are the vanguard, the miners and sappers of returning despotism. We must repulse them or they will subju gate us. This Is a world of compen sation, snd he who would be no slave must consent to have no slave. Those who deny freedom to others, deserve It not themselves, and under a just God cannot long retain it. Abraham Lin coln, QUICK ACTION DEMANDED. Mr. Lambert of the steel trust says they shut down or open up mills to sul tthemselves; that it Is nobody's bus iness but the steel company's and offi cials'. We will see about that. When It becomes clear that trust managers have the power to wantonly throw thousands out of employment for no purpose save to turn the market, there will be a public Inquiry which will not be formal or perfunctory, If the cltl sens of the United States are to hold their very lives at the good pleasure of tbe trusts, they will make It a question for Immediate settlement. St. Lculs Fwt-Diapatch. The prohibition, in the opinion of Sen atof Hoar, applies to the republican party, who have violated It In th grossest manner. In the case of the Philippines. Speaking upon the Phil ippine question In the senate on the 17th of Aprlt, he prophesied a terrible fate for the republican leaders who Ig nore the commandment: "In all generations, the statesmen wno have appealed to righteousness and justice and freedom have left an enduring peace in the loving memory Platform, of their countrymen, while thea men mho have counseled them to walk in of United the path of Injustice and wmna- if it led to empire, and even if th-y were in the majority in their own day, are forgotten and despised. Ah.' Mr. President, that gentleman says we are tbe anointed of the Lord, as the Jews were the anointed of the Lord. Hut the Jewish empire is forgotten. The sands of the desert cover the founda tion of her cities. The plder spins Its thr-ad, the owl makes its midnight Itrch, In their palaces. But still those j liuie words, 'Thou shall not steal; thou j shalt not covet that which Is thy neish- tor's; whatever ye would that men sbojl do to you, do ye even so again unto them,' shine through the ages, blazing and undlmmed. Mr. President, you may speculate; you may refine; you may doubt; you may deny. But the one foremost in alt history, is the foremost action In all history, is the writing upon its pages those simple and sublime sentences of the Declara tion vi independence. And the men who stand by it shall live in the eter nal memory of mankind; and the men who depart from It, however triumph ant and successful in their little poll cies, shall perish and be forgotten, or shall be remembered only to be de spised. in tne present case we have not bought any property. We have under taken to buy mere sovereignty. There were no public lands in the Philippine islands, the property of Spain, which we nave bought and paid for. The mountains of Iron and the nuggets of gold and the hemp-bearing fields do you purpose to strip the owners of their rightful title? We have under taken to buy allegiance, pure and sim ple. And allegiance Is just what the law of nations declares you cannot buy. The power of conrress to dis pose of the territory or other proper ty of the United States, invoked In this debate, as the foundation of your con stitutional right, may carry with It in a proper case a right to the allegiance of the occupant of the soil we own But we have not bought any property there. " The mountains at iron. th nuggets of gold, the hemp-bearing fields, the tobacco and sugar and Cof fee are not ours, unless holding first that we can buy of Spain an allegiance which this people have shaken off, which Spain could not deliver, which does not exist In Justice or In right. We can then go and say that tbe consti tution of the United Stales does not apply to territory, and that we will proceed to take the private property of this people for public use, without their consent." Pound on Lonely Island By United States Naval Officer, On the equatorial line, six hundred! niles west of Ecuador, In the Pacific jcean, on Florlana island, one of tbe jalapagos group, lives a modern Rob inson Crusoe. An escaped convict, la ired to the most rigorous life, Pedro juuza. became so overwrought through, lis solitary existence that when Cap ain Z. L. Tanner of the United States aavy, retired, on a voyage of scientific inquiry, visited his sovereignty, he rushed to the beach with his hands ex :ended, awaiting for the irons ta bo put upon them. He Imagined his keep ers had sent for him; he was ready to relinquish absolute freedom fur com panionship. In narrating his landing on Florlana island. Captain Tanner says; . "We supposed Charles island, as the Bngllsh call It, or Florlana island, as designated by the Ecuadorians, was entirely uninhabited. Indeed, we bad not the slightest suspicion that a hu man being was present in the whole Galapagos archipelago, except on Chat bam island; consequently, we were sur prised at the discovery of a solitary man a verltaUle Robinson Crusoe. "Pedro uuaza told his story. It waa then something more than a year since he came from Chatham Island with a party of orchllla pickers, and Maw from lay to day the deserted plantation, with ts wealth of fruit, horses, cattle, mules, lonkeys, goats and swine. " 'Why should I not remain and pos sess them?- he asked. When the party as ready to depart Pedro could not be found. After a futile search hla ompaniuns departed. "Quaza displayed good Judgment In providing for his comfort and safety. He established himself in a small house near a spring of water at an elevation af about 500 feet above the sea, two miles from the landing place and an ' equal distance from the deserted plan tation. It commanded a wide view, and all the animals within miles on. every side came to the spring for water. "His weapons were a strong knife nd an ax. He constructed a blind over the spring, and, by lashing his knife to a pole, succeeded in spearing- goats and pigs in plenty. He was compelled at first to bring his fruit from the plantation, but he soon made a lasso of goatskin and captured a couple f donkeys, which he trained as saddlft and pack animals, and thenceforth tod to and from the estate with proper 3ignlty. "The wardrobe of Guaza became emp tied. He remedied this difficulty by simply disrobing. He stowed bis one Wid only suit away, substituting for It the dressed skins of goats. The mod ern luxury of matches was beyond his reach, and he procured fire by the time-honored method of rubbing two ticks together. 1 "For a while Guaza kept the record t time by marking the days on a stick, a large mark for Sunday; but, with his increasing prosperity he soon, bwame can-l. ss, losing all run of time, and, as the effect of utter loneliness ln :reaed, he ImaKfned every day a week. She weeks months, the months yea is. The first questions he asked were, 'What year is it? What month?"' Captain Tanner said that Floriana .slantf was formerly a convict settle ment, as ts Chatham Island now. In. the '7o the convkis rose In rebellion and killed their keepers. Seizing two. schooners they escaped by putting to sea, and have never been heaid of since. The plantation buildings crumliK-d. Into ruins. The fields bfcame a wll ierness. The fruit Ues, though bear- ing heavily, were wild. Flocks and herds roamed at will. Wild dogs, made savage by hungy, preyed "on the young-, and thus prevented tbe overpopulation of animal life. Mr, McKlnley may change his mind every day In the week, but he will not change It In regard O the second term which he yearn for. St. Louis Post- Distatcb. MODERN BULLETS. Not Effective Against Against Sav astas. Who Never Give Up. The modern smsii-bore bullets con sist of two parts the core and the en velope. The latter is stamped out ot thin sheets of steel or by granuated. punches. The leaden core Is then fit ted In, and the bullet, by means of ar ingenious machine, is made one solid) whole. The enormous velocity of 2,170 feet, per second transmitted to the projectller by cordite would rip up any leaden bul let to pieces, and hence the adoption of the harder metal. Unfortunately the steel or nickel is so tough that It pen etrates the body without any shock, being sustained by the victim, anuY hence against savage races Is ineffi cient. To remedy this soldiers have lawed off the end of the envelope, snd, the bullet at once becomes an explosive one. Directly It hits the case splits and mushrooms, Inflicting a fearful wound Subsequent experiment at Dutn-Dutn, In India, produced a soft-nosed bullet,. since modified to one In which the nose Is ss before, but simply dented In. Bveru this la not served out against civilised' enemies, as It is found by experience' that a white man when hit is. as a. ule, ready to sit down. The savage,. fager to reach his paradise only, seeks to kill his enemy his own life Is of no value to him,, and hence he must be Hopped at all costs. A lawyer In the sensational Clark dl rorce case In Pittsburg wa reading. to the defendant wife extracts from let ters that she had written to the plain tiff husband. "You say her -1 iir ome to the torch and we will burn. together. " "What's that?" cried th- witness, "Let me see that," When she nan shown her letter she read It, "Lt me come to the ranch and we wliw bum together." W i :,l'J '