Harrison press-journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1899-1905, August 31, 1899, Image 5
FEIIIISYLVAIIIA HEMES GIVEN A ROUSING RECEPTION IN OMAHA. Returning Soldier From the Phil' Ipplnes Given a Taste of Weatern Enthusiasm. Omaha, Neb., Aug. 29. Omaha ihook Band with Pennsylvania, Saturday Bight until Its arms ached, and cheered the returning fighters until Its throat was raw. Although delayed and pre vented from enjoying the program ar ranged for them, the boys of the Tenth Pennsylvania did not lose a note In all the pent-up enthusiastic welcome that awaited them at the hands of a city lied with admiration of their deeds of prowess, and when the long trains pulled out of the depot the last thing- heard echoing; from every ear was "Three cheers for Omaha," Thousands thronged the depot and tracks for hours before the arrival of the trains. The preponderance of wo Ben and new fall hats was especially noticeable. When at last the three trains pulled into the station, closely following each Ither, and drawn by the mammoth en gines of the 1700 class of the Union Pa- fMflc, the throng was almost too dense is allow for their passage. They . trawled In. feeling their way, pre teded by squads of police, who cleared the tracks of the persistent multitude. PANDEMONIUM OF WKLiCOME. The boys In blue, who crowded the platforms were nearly pulled from the train by excited cltlsens. both men and omen, while those who hasarded a handshake through the car windows lid It at the risk of their necks. Cheers and the tooting of horns created a pan lemonium that was deafening, but the lotdiers seemed to enjoy It Immensely "IVe worn a four-Inch grin every sec ond for the past ten minutes." said one trown young fellow, as he tore himself -way from the clutches of some ten or Ifteen pretty girls and ran for the de serting train. Omaha at the depot seemed bent upon tnncentratina Into one short hour nf their stay all the welcome planned for ine days celebration. The trains hardly lame to a stand before there was a rush n the part of both young and old, and I procession passed through the cars, haklng hands with all who had free fcands to clasp. After a whole day's delay occasioned y hot boxes, a broken wheel and fires kindled In the roofs of the cars from Ihe monstrous engines attached to the trains, the first section pulled Into the tlty at 6:16, followed closely by the sec. end and third sections. Their arrival eras anticipated by the blowing of si rens and factory whistles, which was !he signal for the thousands of the self constituted weJooming cYmimtttee to Kit up a yell of greeting that was not aushed as long as a train remained In Ihe depot. The first section of twelve cars car , fled Lieutenant Colonel Barnett, his leld and staff officers, the escorting sommlttee from Pennsylvania and com sanies A and B, 223 men In all. On each side of the one Pullman sleepT Vas a large portrait of the late colonel fit the regiment, draped in mourning. WELCOMED BY THE MAYOR. , Mayor Moores and committee met Colonel Barnett and Senator Muehl bronner as they stepped down from their car. Mayor Moores welcomed Ihem all In the name of the city, re gretting the delay that had spoiled the celebration prepared for them. Omaha had hoped to be able to show the boys who had been the nearest neighbors of ihe First Nebraska In the trenches be fore Manila they were truly welcome home. Since, however, It was not pos. ilble for them to leave the train, he would present them with the keys of the city, which would entitle them to the freedom of the town at all times. With that he tendered the officer two large gilded keys set In a bed of roses. Loud cheers followed the presentation ind cries of "What's the matter with the Tenth Pennsylvania," while the trowd surged clow-r about the tn..i COLONEL BAUTLETT RESPOND.?. Colonel Bartlett, speaking for him self and in behalf of his men, thanked Ihe mayor and citizens from the depth f his heart for the consideration and appreciation shown th-m. He was not allowed to say much, for the ladles of the flower committee, pushing to the front, literally burled the gallant sol- Jier under a moss of fragrant blossoms. Me tried to thank them, but his Hp trembled, and he could only bow his head In acknowledgment of the grace ful compliment. The mayor's party and the ladles, at the colonel's Invitation, entered his car lo meet the officers of the staff. Th'' eolonel reported a pleasant trip across the continent. Their Journey, he said, bad been a continuous ovation from the time of their leaving Han Francisco, Aside from the discomforts of crossing the alkali deserts and the inconven ience of occas.onal breakdowns, there bad been nothing to mar the enjoyment sf the trip. He and his men already k felt that they were at home, the re ception of the Omaha people being as warm as they could expect from their wn statesmen. The whistle warned the visitors that Ihelr time was short and is the long train crawled slowly out of the depot the cars were cleared of the guests of the moment, leaving the Interiors look ing like some tropical flower garden. The first was closely followed by the second, the unlucky section, and the ovation from the throngs of spectators was repeated. One of the cars, while west of Cheyenne, broke a wheel, and four wwe set on fire by sparks from th engine, one being so badly burned that It was cut out of die train at Grand Island. As soon as this section could be loaded with the commissary supplies It gave place to the third, which was Inst behind, and by 7:45 o'clock the last f the soldiers had left Omaha. The second section contained fourteen sleepers and one baggage car, carrying companies D, E and K, 300 men In all; Ike third was composed of the same umber of coaches and carried men. OENEROU8 COMMISSARY. Bach section was met by a truck plied sigh with commlsarf" supplies, under charge of Major Clarkson. The pack, ages and bundles that went Into the can bore evidence of being of a nature calculated to tempt the palate of an tptcure. Plea, cakes, sandwiches and trults wens plentifully supplied. A truck load of flowers was distributed intone the men. furnishing b button koto garden for all. They were the con tribution of the Emma flower mission and bad been collected from gardens HI over the eity. This department of ST mnd bv Mea- EneY. X HoeFand. H T. inarke. W. J. Kennedy and MIssesQaJ. her and Julia Knight, Assisted by N-ersr oommlttee. The trains etoniiMf ha 1mi ,. was necessary to load the supplies. Colonel Barnett explained when he wit appealed to to hold the boys over for s day that the thing would be utterly Impossible, much as they regretted leaving Omaha so hastily. A reception had been arranged for them at Chey enne, but on account of loss of time they nao oeen forced to tender their regrets. CHARMS DETAIN THE SOLDIERS. Half a docen monkeys, chained to their owners' belts, were Included In the live trophies. One envied soldier carried a pretty fawn in the Pullman car with him. A number of young women were car ried across the bridge to Council Bluffs transfer depot and several soldiers wr left behind. Some of the soldiers wer sent across on the bridge motor line, superintendent Baxter secured a spe clal engine for one who had taken time to get shaved at the depot and could not catch his train via motor. What's the matter with the Tenth Pennsylvania? They're all right." waa the shout sent up from the viaduct: c.nd the Pennsy boys responded, "what's the matter with the First Nebraska? They're all right." Mayor Moores. H. H. Baldrlge. W. O Shriven J. A. Wakefield and Major Clarkson were among those who got a chance to talk with Lieutenant Col onel Barnett He told them that he had made a rule to keep all the trains together and when the second section was laid out, that held all of them. But he said he realized what they had missed In part, and he regretted now that he had not broken his rule and let trains that could come on ahead to Omaha. It seemed marvelous that with the tremendous Jam none of the children were hurt, but there was not an accl dent to record. W. E. Reed of Mendelssohn. Pa., sent back word that In shaking hands with somebody as the train waa pulling out two souvenir rings engraved "Manila had slipped from his hand and he asked that they be forwarded him. Omaha exposition badges were CIs- tstbuted among all the men and a large bundle of Pittsburg papers that had come In on the afternoon mail was put aboard each section. One monkey on the train went by the name of "Dewey." He had been adopted by the regiment soon after their landing at Camp Dewey and had been with the boys at all times since. LADIES REGRET IT. At the exposition grounds over 200 ladles reported for duty as waitresses and entertainment committee yester day, and It was one of the painful du ties of Mr. Howard H. Baldrlge and others to Inform them that the Key stone soldiers could not be their guests. The ladles had prepared an excellent dinner for the boys, and all arrangements had been made on the grounds to give the heartli heartiest kind Of a welcome. The disappointment or everyone In any way connected with the entertainment was great. The ladles concluded to put In cold storage such part as was not perish able of the dinners provided and to keep them for the welcoming of the First Nebraska Tuesday. No blame was attached to the Union Pacific for the delay, but when It be. came known that the Central Pacific had turned the trains over from six to ten hours later than schedule time, sev eral unpleasant things were said about one Collls P. Huntington and his road. Beside that severe windstorms were re ported along the Union Pacific yester day, felling telegraph poles and pre venting trains from making up time. MUST MEET PRESIDENT. Regarding the intention of Lieutenant Colonel Barnett to push ahead. It Is explained that the plan east of Chicago Is to arrive, at New Brighton for break fast Monday morning, and be In Pitts burg at noon the same day. President McKlnley and a portion of tils official family will be there at that hour and unless the soldiers arrive on schedule time they cannot wait for them, hence the effort on the part of Lieutenant Colonel Barnett to get his men In on. time. Manager Phllllppl of the Missouri Pacific, tendered the services of his road and offered to haul the cars con tanlng the soldiers direct to the expo sition grounds free of cost and back again, but the offer was declined, owing to the lateness of the arrival .of the different sections McLean In the Lead. Cincinnati, O., Aug. 29. At the county conventions In different parts of th state, the list of delegates for the democratic state convention at Zans vllle next Tuesday and Wednesday, was completed, showing the following re sults, for the nomination for governor: Out of 02, there are only IV) Instruc ted, as follows: Me.Lean 158, Kllbourne 69, Sherwood 36, Seward it, Chapman 7, Haskell 8. Of the 513 unlnslrurted votes, the McLean men are as confident of 320 aa of those having Instructions, making the McLean vote 478 on the first ballot, or seventy-six more than necessary. After the delegates once record their vote for their local favorites, the Mc Lean men claim not less than forty-five more, making their vote 523, or 121 more than necessary. The contented votes will not change the result as the contests are said to be between MoLean men mostly. The contests in Miami and Dark counties have been practically settled through a decision of the secretary of state and those from Montgomery and Green counties are not counted as doubtful contests. The principal contest Is over the fifty-four votes In Cuyahoga county. Advices from d nerent parts or me state concede the nomination of Mc Lean and show a general sentiment for Colonel James Kllbourne for lieutenant governor. Small Paper Money. Washington, D. C, Aug. 29. It Is un derstood that the treasury department will soon Issue 110,000,000 of fractional paper currency In denominations of 25 and 50 cents, and perhaps smaller. The suggestion has met with favor at the treasury department and It Is said that In a short time 110,000,000 of this cur rency will oe piacea on sain in me various postofflees where the demand Is greatest. The main object to be subserved is to facilitate the transmission of small amounts of money In letters for the benefit of country people making small mall purchases at a distance. Without some such convenience small sums are sent In silver and are easily detected In letters or a postal order must be purchased, involving unnecessary ex pense. Springfield, HI., Aug. . State's At torney Hmlth has filed suits for the state against several corporations of Sangamon county, asking for $10,000 damages from each one for failure to comply with the law which requires every corporation In the state to file In the office of the secretary of state an affidavit showing whether or not the corporation Is connected wltb trust. ENGLAND IS PREPARING ALMOST READY TO ADVANCE ON THE TRAN8VALL. Kruger Must Back Down or Take th) Consequences Must Sub mit to a Suzerainty. London, Aug. 29. Though no actual developments have apparently taken place since the Transvaal situation was previously reviewed In. these dis patches, public interest in the crisis has been wonderfully quickened. This Is due to the dawning realization that Great Britain Is making the most methodical preparations for war , The utter lack of official news and the serious outlook have made the week one of tension. Contradictory reports from home and abroad have flourished and on the strength of these the news papers have seesawed from peace to war and vice versa, hopelessly at sea Endless supposition has been Indulged, In regarding President Krueger's counter propositions, but from a broad point of view such details are not Im portant as compared with the fact that President Krueger has refused, some say, evaded, the "Irreducible minimum" of Sir Alfred Mtlner, the governor of Cape Coloney and British high commissioner of South Africa. It Is now nearly a week since the British government has been In pos session of President Krueger's reply. Whether It Is in the Interest of peace, persons higher than Mr. Chamberlain are still temporizing, or whether or not a decisive ultimatum Is already on the way to the president of the Transvaal, Is pure conjecture. The most conservative opinion Is that the Boers will ultimately back down, but there are no signs, Judging from the military activity at the British war office and the same activity In the South African republic, that such Is likely to be the case, though both sides may be using the movement of troops as a bluff. That Mr. Chamberlain Is not In a pacific mood Is evidenced by the publi cation subsequent to the reception of Kruger's reply, of the correspondence between the Boers and Sir Alfred Mll ner. ' LOST THEIR TEMPERS. According to the speaker, this action haa immeasureably increased the dif ficulty of keping the peace. Com menting upon this fact the speaker sa y s : "Unfortunately neither In Downing street nor at Pretoria is the value of moderation and good temper sufficiently appreciated. The consequence Is that the situation becomes more dangerous and may result In a sanguinary strug gle simply because leading men on both sides have failed to keep sufficient command of their tempers and those of their Immediate supporters." Prognostications as to the outcome of the Transvaal affair, hedged In as It Is with socrecy and countless loopholes, through which either side might crawl are thus debarred. All that can be said In a very short period, probably less than a week, the world will know definitely whether President Kruger finally acknowledges British suzerainty and Its potentialities or whether he really intends to resort to arms in order to defend his con. tentlon. It 19 palpable that the British will now refuse to accept any evasion of their suzerainty claims, whatever concessions President Kruger might make. WILLING. BUT NOT EAGER. The Transvaal correspondent of the Manchester Guardian, a well known writer on economics, says he finds wll. llngness umong the Johannesburg out landers to take the franchise Insisted on by Mr. Chamberlain, but no eager ness. He sayB the outlanders' griev ances are genuine, but greatly exag gerated, and not keenly felt except by th hot-headed politicians. The Saturday Review, In an article on America in the Pacific, dwells ex. haustlvely in a caustic vein on the fu ture there. It refers to the action of the United States In the Philippines as little short of amazing, and declares that Rusisa, Japan, the United States and Great Britain are protagonists for the premiership of the Pacific. Commenting on the acquisition toy Germany of the Caroline islands, the Saturday Review says: If the next great struggle is to Ce between Germany and America, as Ad miral Dewey thinks, the Americans will realize their mistake In allowing Ger many to acquire these Islands." The Saturday Review adds that un less Germany Is able to augment these possessions she Is able to do little to ward controlling them. Referring to the alleged American Idea that the Pacific will be an Ameri can lake the Saturday Review says: PRATTLE OF A CHILD. "The talk which some of the leading officials and politicians at Washington are indulging In Is like the prattle of a child exclu-d by a popgun. America can only acquire the authority she seeks in the Pacific by an alliance with Japan or Russia." The Saturday Review then proceeds to refer to the supposition that In the event of an American-Russian alllnnce Japan and Great Britain will Join Is sues, and with the active assistance of Australia and Canada maintain com mercial and military control. Referring to the future Importance of Australia In the Pacific problem, the Saturday Review says: "Great Britain would probably long ago have left Ger many and America to fight out the 8a moan question between them, but for antipodean objections." President at Pittsburg-. Pittsburg, Pa., Aug. 29. The special train on the Pennsylvania railroad car rying President McKlnley and party. arrived at 9:45, shortly after the sched- ulo time. The trip from the east was about 700 warriors. uneventful, but was enjoyed very much by all In the party. Jhe prealdent Is . Hous(on Xex Aug. 29.-The Texas In excellent health and Mrs. MoKlnley ' " , stood the trip nicely. As the train cotton crop for 1S9S-9 was about 310.000 drew Into Shadyslde station, where the bales, leaving the Indian territory out party alighted, a signal waa flashed to o( the account. The loss by Hood will battery B, stationed on Herron hill, .,..- ,.. h 2ro ooo hnir or 71 re? when the presidential salute of twenty- reluce J, . ,1 , ? one guns were fired. A large crowd cent. Shedding, prematurity and In had assembled at the station to wel- j sects (and the rcduotion in acreagt come the dlstlnguisnea guests, pui oe- wniin " .r yond cheering and waving of handker- reduce It probably IB per cent. This Is chiefs no special demonstration was based on the condition as It now ex made. I '"t"- A top crop may make a difference Ttw. nrMtdent and Mrs. McKlnley , were taken to the residence of Robert Pltcalrn, superintendent and general gent of the Pennsylvania railroad, whose special guests they will he dur. In their stay In the city. For tomor row the reception oommlttee has ar ranged for the president to attend . church at Christ Methodist Episcopal . first of October, at a time agreeable to church, where special services will be the party leaders. The letter was writ held In the morning. The president ex. ten just before Mr. Bryan left for tht Krts to review the returning Tents) Pacific coast, where he expects to re nnsylvanla regiment main until September U. WEEKLY RECORD OP TRUSTS. Only a Pew of the Big Combination Organized the Paet Week. Aug. 22 Independent butchers of New York with those of other cities decide to organize and fight the beef trust. Aug. 23. Mr. Bryan suggests tenta tively that a license from the federal government be required before any mo nopoly corporation be permitted to do business in states other than that in which It Is incorporated. A big dry goods trust to be called the Mercantile Reorganization company, Incorporated with capital of 150.000.000. This proposes to establish department stores In all cities of 20,000 inhabitants and over. w Aug. 24. Corset trust making progres toward consummation. Capital rumored 50,00.0u0. Reports of trouble between the St Louis Street Car Trust and employes. Differences arise from new and arbl- tray rules claimed to have been put In tore Dy the combine. Aug. 25. Independent distillers meet the trust representatives in New York for the purpose of considering a liml. tation of output. The independents manifest a willingness to combine with the trust for this purpose. The American Switch company, or ganized under the laws of New Jersey, with capital of 111,000.000. This com bines a large number of manufactur- trs of frogs, switches and other equip ment. The consolidation of nine stove manu facturers in the Pittsburg district is completed. About September 1 the American Iron md Steel company, a Pensylvanla cor poration, capitalized at 129,000,000 will absorb five great rolling mills located1 in Eastern Pennsylvania. The seamless steel tubing makers have combined undter leadership of Shtlby Pteel Tube company. Capital 110,000,000. NOVEL ATTACK ON TRUSTS. Promoter Arrested as a Conspirator Against Peace of Commonwealth. Chicago, III., Aug. 29. The proposed trust for photo-engraving firms in Illi nois Is to die in Its lnclplency If the mlted efforts of less prominent estab lishments In that line of business prove u potent as hoped. The first step in this direction was taken today In the irrest of the combine's promoter, W. B. Brewster, attorney, of St Paul, Minn. Mr. Brewster had made several trips to Chlcagolo confer with members of ome of the strongest firms In the city, ind Thursday he presided at a meeting f those Interested In the new move ment. It was then decided by foes of the trust that the time for definite ictlon had come. A warrant was procured and Mr. Brewster was arrested, being charged ii'lth obtaining money under false pre tenses and conspiracy to "do" an lite ral act Injurious to public trade, name ly, "agreeing to fix and regulate prices f half-tone plates and process etchings n zinc." In the warrant were named is those who had acted with him, lohn A. Barnes, George. H. Benedict, ascar B. Binnar, John H. Behrens, Frederick D. Montgomery and Alfred B. Bersack, all well known photo-engravers in Chicago. It Is claimed by the prosecutors of Mr. Brewster that the combination he Is trying to form will irlve them out of business. SWARMING OVER EUROPE. American Millionaires are Making Europe Highly Prosperous. London, Aug. 29. All tourist agents aere agree that this has been the record pear for American visitors to Europe. Charles Alvan Gilllg, director of the American Rendezvous, established by the Great Eastern Railway company, In Cockspur street, says: "Between January and December I reckon we shall have had 70,000 Amerl ;an visitors. Probably they will on an average have spent $1,500 on their European trip." The great hotels in London at present are virtually American. The visitors' trunks would make an edifice about the size of the great pyramid. Most of the Americans are now hieing homeward. The trans-Atlantic lines are so heavily booked that you could not now, except by chance, get a berth on any of them this side of October. Every true Amerl- ean still goes to Paris, but the number who make their longest stay In London is becoming more noticeable. NEED MANY MORE SOLDIERS. A Call For Three More Regiments One Colored. Washington, D. C, Aug. 29. Three more regiments of volunteers are to be called out and one of these commands will be composed of colored men. Lieutenant Colonel Duvall of the Twenty-sixth Infantry, the regiment now at Plattsburg barracks, N. Y has been offered and has accepted the com mand of the colored regiment to bt called out. Richmond, Va., probably will be selected as the recruiting point for this regiment. Two more regiments of white troopt are to be called out This will exhaust the force provided for by congress, save about 60 men . The advisability of organizing a bat talion of Filipinos to fill out the full quota allowed by congress 3!,000 men is now being considered by the war de partment. Potam, Mex.. Aug. 29. The Mexican forces are preparing to drive the In dians out of the Jungle along the south bank of the Taqul river, and force them to cross toward the mountains. General Torres has about 1.000 troopj In camp across the river from Torln, and about 2,000 In garrison. The num ber of Indians In the brosque is nol known exactly, but there are probably oi ,wu owes. Frankfort, Ky Aug. 29. Senatoi iflaxkburn has announced that he haa received a letter from W. J. Bryan, In which he said he would be In Kentucky In the latter part of September or tht THE THREE DEMOCRATIC. The following Is the platfs.m, the reading of which was punctuated wltb repeated cheers: We, the democrats of the state of Nebraska, in convention assembled, in dorse and emphasize each .rod every plank of the national platform adopted at Chicago In 1896. "Our confidence in the principles set forth In that platform has been in creased as those principles hare been vindicated by events. The gold stand ard is less defensible now than it was In 1896, since the president has con fessed Its failure by sending a com mission to Europe to secure foreign aid Is added proof that the people of the united states must act alone If they expect relief. The present legal ratio pf 16 to 1 is the natural and necessary railo, and the opponents of that ratio have nothing to offer in its place but the evasion and ambiguous phraseology which for years furnished to the gold Itandard advocates a mask behind which to hide while they secretly la bored to make gold monometallism per manent Any Improvement In business conditions due to the Increased produc tion of gold or to a favorable balance of trade, instead of supporting the gold standard doctrine.shows that more money makes better times and points the way to bimetallism as the means of securing a permanent increase in the volume of standard money throughout the world. The republican scheme to lessen the volume of standard money by making gold the only legal tender money has it last become apparent to all and must be rescinded by the debt paying and wealth producing classes of the coun try. The plan to retire the greenbacks In the interest of national bank notes, lenounced by the democrats in 1896, but then defended by the republicans, has ftoldly stalked forth from its hiding place and threatens the formation of a gigantic paper money trust Arbitration grows more necessary ev ery year and government by Injunction (rows more dangerous to the liberties of the people. "The Industrial trusts, springing up n every hand, testify to the admin istration's indifference to monopoly, or to Its inability to cope with it. We denounce the failure of the ad ministration to enforce the present law against trusts, or to recommend new laws, If the present law Is deemed In lufflcient. We are opposed to the principle of monopoly wherever It manifests Itself. We demand the enforcement of the present federal law. the enactment of luch new legislation as may be nec essary and a constitutional amendment. If the present constitution Is construed to protect trusts, to the end that the monopolization of industry by private corporations may be absolutely pre vented. Every trust rests upon a cor poration and every corporation 1b a :reature of law and laws, state and na tional, must place upon the corpora tions such limits and restrictions as will protect the public from Injury. We heartily commend Hon. C. J. Smyth, attorney general of Nebraska, for his sfforts to enforce the state law against trusts. We are in favor of an amendment to the federal constitution speclflcially au thorizing an Income tax; we also favor a constitutional amendment providing for the election of United States sena tors by the popular vote. We believe In a government of the people, by the people and for the peo pie, and to the end that the people may exert a more direct and potent Influence upon legislation, we favor the use of the initiative and referendum as far as the principle can be applied. We point with pride to the prompt enlistment of Nebraska's quota of vol unteers and congratulate all of the Ne braska soldiers upon their faithful per formance of every duty that fell to their lot. While the Second and Third regiments were not called upon to prove their bravery upon the battle field, the members of the First Nebras ka have won for themselves and for the Btate imperishable renown. We cordially commend the successful efforts of Governor Poynter to furnish to the members of the Firet Nebraska free transportation from San Francisco to their homes, ani. vtc favor an appro priation to cover the ertense. But while we commend the soldi, rs for obedience to all orders emanating from the chief executive, we condemn the administra tive policy which has converted a war for humanity Into a war of conquest i w believe that the Filipinos should have received the same treatment as me uiDans, ana tnat, as tne uuoans were assured of ultimate Independence and protection, so the Filipinos should have been assured In the beginning of our nation s intention to give them In dependence as soon as a stable govern ment could be established and protec tion from outside Interference, such as surance should be given now. If the Cubans, as stated In the resolution of Intervention, are and of right ought to be free' the same can be 8akl of the Filipinos, and this nation would suffer no humiliation In acknowledging ad herenee to the doctrine that govern ments derive their Just powers from the consent of the governed We are opposed to militarism and congratulate the democrats, populists and silver republicans In the United States senate upon their successful re sistance of the attempt of the admin 1st ration to raise the standing army to 100,000. We are opposed to entangling alll ances with England or any other Euro pean nation, and contend for an Ameri can civilization which will recngnlze the lights of men, and, by a noble ex ample teach the world the blessings of self-government In an agricultural community, educa tion In technical agriculture and me chanic arts Is of the first Importance. and we pledge ourselves to administer the Morrill land grant fund, the Morrill special fund for agricultural colleges and the Hatch experiment station fund, which have been entrusted by the fed eral government to the state of Ne braska for education In agriculture and mechanic arts, and for original re search In agriculture, strictly In the spirit of the various United States laws creating the same, and we shall use all other reasonable means to bring agrl cultural education In Nebraska up to the highest standard A well known miniature artist has produced a paper for checks which makes It Impossible to remove figures and writing for the purpose of alter ing the amount. The check Is made of two sheets of paper. On the upper surface of the under slip somes lines are ruled with Ink composed of any permanent coloring matter wlxed with easily soluble mucilage. The lines do not show unless you hold the check Is held up to the light. As soon as any liquid Is applied to the writing the mu cilage becomes moist and the lines run, forming blot that are visible on both Idea. i- PLATFORMS. ' POPULIST. The lesotutlons and platform adopted by the populist committee are as fol lows: The people's independent party of Nebraska In Its tenth annual state fOB ventlon assembled adopts the ftdlew- lng declaration of principles: First We affirm our devotion to the national platform of 1896 and to every plank therein contained. Second We declare the Monroe doc trine to be the doctrine of national self- ' preservation and that safsty la to be found alone la avoiding the quicksands of lr.iperlaMem and dangerous waters of militarism, nd we oppose all foreign political alliar.ee and all interferease In European and Asiatic politics. Third "We hold these truths to te elf-evident: That all men are created equal and that they are endowed by their creator wltb certain inalienable rights; among these are life, llbi.ty, and the pursuit of happiness." And "that to sect re these rights govern ments are ii itltuted among men de riving their just powers from the con Sdnt of the governed." Fourth We condemn the administra tive policy which has converted a war for humanity into a war of conquest We believe that the Filipinos should have received the same treatment se the Cubans, and that as the Cubs were assured of ultimate Independence and protection, so the Filipinos should have been assured in the beginning ef our nation's Intention to give thena in dependence as soon as a stable govern ment could be established and proiee tlon from outside Interference. Mak assurance should be given now. Fifth We condemn the republics national administration for Its compile ity with unlawful combinations which have Increased nearly a hundred per cent within the last three years as a result of Its failure to enact and en force laws In the interests of the peo ple. Blxth In dealing with tTUSU gad corporations having a monopoly of pub lic necessaries we claim inni uae iw of the land requires that they shall serve the public for reasonable com pensation and in the absence of say legislation uDon the question of what is reasonable the Judiciary may determine the question. The trust danger of this country is so appalling that the evils thereof must be combatted by every hranch of the government We demand judges who will obey the law that vesta the Judiciary with jurisdiction iu pro tect the people from unreasonable and oppressive prices for the necessaries of life. Seventh We declare that the repub lican party haa needlessly Increased tho rate nt taxation :that it is guilty of needlessly causing an annual deficit In current revenues of tne government by useless and prodigal expenditures of the people's money to be made good by additional taxation, or the issuance of additional interest-bearing bonds; and that Its attempt to retire the greenbacks and turn over the Issuing nower of paper money to private cor porations is a shameless and Inexcus able surrender to the money power. Eighth We heartily endorse all ef forts of organized labor to better Its condition, and we believe that all classes of citizens and all legitimate enterprises should receive the protec tion of the laws and that all attempts to coerce honest labor by injunction or by the use of the military is a violation of the constitution and the established rights of American citizens. Ninth Municipal ownership of publla utilities Is a public necessity. Tenth The history of the three splen did military organizations furnished by Nebraska In the Spanish-American war Is the Just pride and glory of every citizen, and for their bravery, valor and devotion to duty we offer them the heartfelt gratitude of the patriotic peo ple of the state. Eleventh We most heartily commend the able, patriotic and conservative ad ministration of Governor Poynter and his official associates and we congratu late the people of the state on his suc cess In securing free transportation for the gallant First Nebraska to their respective homes. SILVER REPUBLICANS. The platform of the convention de clared for the free, Independent and un limited coinage of gold and silver at the ratio of 16 to 1; for the control of corporations and combinations of cap ital b the people; against militarism ea rn the interests of the trusts and a men ace t9 the welfare of the people; against three VC of Hanna republicanism m showing the difference, between It and the republicanlsm--or Lincoln,- GTilrt, and Blaine; demanding that the course of action for the country outlined by the resolution of congress authorising Intervention In Cuba be carried out in its true spirit also with reference to Porto Rico and the Phillipplnes; opposed an alliance with England for any pur pose or an any pretext; advocated mu nicipal ownership of all public utilities; charged the republican administration with the grossest mismanagement of the war department as showing the en tire unfitness of the republican party to administer government for the people of the United States; condemned the president for removing from the oper ation of the civil service laws 4,000 clerkships, offices and situations as an act in the Interest of politicians and against the Interests of the people; commended the valor and achievements of the Nebraska regiments In the war with Spain, and the World-Herald and State Journal and ail other papers and Mr. D. E. Thompson and all other per sons, Including the governor, who made It possible for the First regiment to come from San Francisco with free transportation; pledged the party to further the purposes for which the ag ricultural funds of the state were pro vided and declared In favr of an In come tax. Besides the platform, the convention adopted a resolution condemning any candidate who should receive or use, either during the campaign or in office. If elected, any railroad passes or free railroad transportation. The conven tion received notice that this resolution had also been adopted by the populist convention. A few years ago an eminent London physician, on my mentioning to him to matoes as an article of diet for myself, said: "Why do you eat tomatoes?" I said, "Why not?" He said, "WelL I think that there are grave reasons for thinking it possible that eating toma toes increases, if It does not produce, the liability to canoer. I do not say positively that It does so." It strikes a layman as a fact that the consump tion of tomatoes has Increased as much In England of late years as haa oncer, Pall Mall Gazette. Teu think you know all about wo men, don't your' asked the newly mar. rled boarder. "No,' 'replied, the lavaff uacneier, "ana in najgnty glad I don't"-is41anapeUt ImSuSL a, -'; V I iff v" " '".if..., ,. i-, if t .V.1" ; -v. -.s. : .. 1 . .. i. .-. ,' ".(.. "jwV 'v?.' -... 4 i j v. . .