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About The Sioux County journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1888-1899 | View Entire Issue (July 20, 1899)
GEO. D. CANON. Editor.
HARRISON. - - NEBRASKA
lira. M. Baugb fell from a rehlcle at
Hastings and broke both her arms.
The residence of John Terbune of
Litchfleld was partially destroyed by
Ore. The origin of the fire is unknown
Loss, about 1500.
Red Cloud has now a rood telephone
service. The Nebraska Telephone com
pany has Just completed the system
They start with sixty-five instruments
William Bales was burled at Alliance
being brought from Gillette, Wyo. He
drank horse medicine In the night, sup
posing It was whisky, and the poison
caused his death.
Fire destroyed the large barn of E.
Jarvls, in the northern part" of Grand
Island. The origin of the fire is un-
known. The loss is 11.800, with insur
ance for 11,500.
Nellie Huff, daughter of a prominent
ranchman of Wheeler county, was kill
ed by lightning near Bartiett Several
people in the wagon were all severely
shocked and one horse killed.
Fred Goebel, who was arrested In
Juniata Monday night for selling 11
quor without a license, was brought
before County Judge Bowen at Hast
ings and bound over In the sum of $400
to appear In the district court August
tO. He furnished bond.
Lee Young of Alliance lost the sight
of one eye and Is disfigured for life as
the result of a premature explosion
while blasting at McShane's grading
camp, twenty-five miles out on the
new line. He was directly over it when
the charge exploded.
The Northeast Nebraska Grand Army
of the Republic reunion at Plalnview
witnessed an attendance of about 4,0O
people. The rain In the afternoon in
terfered somewhat in the enjoyment,
but the crowd was goodnatured and the
big pavilion and large number of tents
afforded shelter. The . program was
well carried out:
Prank Boyd, alias Peterson, had his
preliminary examination before County
Judge Wintersteen at Fremont on the
charge of assaulting President Leavitt
af the beet sugar company with a
knife. He was bound over to the dis
trict court for trial and, not being able
to give ball, will have to stay In Jal)
The ' Wood River creamery plant,
which has been lying Idle for neat7 a
year past, has been leased by the Long
nont Creamery company of Denver and
Is now operating dally. The outlook Is
good Ibr a prosperous business. The
company finds a good market for their
creamery product In the mountain
' A largely attended mass meeting was
held in Lincoln last week to perfect
plans for a state reception to the First
Nebraska regiment, which is expected
to reach Saa Francisco within two
weeks. It was announced at the
meeting that other towns and cltle
had abandoned their plans of holding
regimental receptions and would unite
with Lincoln in a demonstration oon
Sucted on a magnificent scale.
. Mrs. I E. George of Syracuse was
seriously burned Wednesday. She u
preparing something to eat for her hus
band, who was sick in bed, sod was
called away from her work for a fern
moWents. On her return the stuff had
boiled over and was in flames. Mrs.
George attempted to remove the mess
from the stove when her dress took Are
and burned her arms and face in a
very painful manner.
The board of regents of the state
university elected as acting chancellor
to take the place of George E. McLean,
resigned, Charles E. Bessey, dean of
the Industrial college of the university.
This place was first offered to the sen
ior dean. Charles A. Sherman. A com
mittee consisting of Regents Klnnebe
rer, Raw lings, Weston and Gould was
appointed to recommend to Uve board
a suitable person for chancellor.
Wednesday afternoon as Mr. and Mns.
Jacoplts were out plowing corn, two
of the children were drown In the Cot.
ton wood, northwest of Roaeland. The
Barents sent their 7 and t-year-okl son
sad daughter to the house after some
fresh water. It was so hot and the
Cottonwood, that flowed only a few
rods from the house, wsa so refreshing,
the children dived down Into the creek
last as they had seen two boys do
the day before, never to be seen alive
White la the act of dosing windows
durinsT a small thunderstorm Mrs. Jen
sis WcLaugnton of York was stunned
sad found unconscious shortly after,
the ttghtatng struck the window frame
astd sash, tearing and splintering the
wood. Mrs. McLsraghton is still la a
:t9earm condition. During the same
laim Lntaing struck a Una, large tree
tm the yard of W. L, Linen, splintering
Hat era aad killing nearly alt of Mr.
Unes's e hie kens, that had gathered
A aaaa has been on trial la the dis
trict oeart at Fremont for the last few
amy hwsrrtns; somewhat novel pro-
i SC nw. uws mjmrm noow
part af the coati'ty la Nov em-
i TVaa wars ramore that a part of
iH baas ff Ahost a year ago he
I l iaatsraas property, aad as
. as us
rta f vl a CM Ls
OM arty eaurt tar her aBo4alait
FHo'l T1IE SEATOF WAR
DETACHMENT OF FOURTH CAV
ALRY ON A GUNBOAT.
Have a Llttta Brush With Rebels on
the Shore Drive Them Back tc
the Hill Wtth Sever Loss.
Manila. Speclal.) Lake Laguna de
Bay is being patrolled by three troops
of the Fourth cavalry under Captain
McGraw and the army gunboat Napi
dan, commanded by Lieutenant Larson.
The force makes its headquarters on
an Island, living on cascoes, In which
the men are towed, and make unex
pected visits to towns where there are
small parties of insurgent for the
purpose of keeping the rebels moving.
On Tuesday the troops had aa engage
ment at Mantilupa. on the south shore
of the lake. They found 500 insurgents
there, entrenched near the shore. The
Napidan shelled the rebels and a party
of American troops numbering 131
landed and drove them by a sharp run
ning fire to the hills, where tbey were
too strongly entrenched for the small
force to attack them.
Two of the cavalrymen were wound
ed and the bodies of ten insurgents
were found. It Is supposed that the
enemy's loss Is thirty-five.
VOLUNTEERS IN BAD SHAPE.
San Francisco, Cal. Special.) Ad
vices received by the transport New
port, dated Manila, June 11, are as fol
lows: The volunteers are greatly &
bill tat ed In consequence of their hai
campaigning through three months of
tropic weather. Since the middle of
May no volunteer regiment has had a
sick list of less than 20 per cent. Most
of them at the present date had 25 per
cent ill. and a few regiments have less
than one-third of their number on duty.
The Nebraska, regiment has suffered
the worst. It came In from San Fer
nando a few days ago with less than
200 men In the ranks. Some of the
companies have only two sets of fours.
The South Dakota regiment followed
yesterday with 275 men on duty. The
Montana and Kansas regiments at San
Fernando have not more than 280 men
available each. The morning after the
Washington trooj took Morong, a
week ago, only 263 men responded to
roll call. The Washington men have
been engaged since March 12 In pre
venting the Insurgent armies of the
north and south from forming a Junc
tion in the region of Laguna de Bay,
often being engaged at the same time
with the enemy in opposite directions.
Twenty-four of the Nebraska office
are on the sick list, and the Montana.
Kansas. Washington and South Dakota
regiments show twenty or more officers
in the hospital or sick In their quar
ters. These regiments have borne the
brunt of the fighting. Their losses Id
killed and wounded range from 160 In
the Montana regiment U 280 Nebraska
mea. The loss of the Kansas regiment
Is second to that of Nebraska, while
the Washington and South Dakota reg
iments follow closely, each with losses
of about 300. The Oregon regiment also
Of the regulars, the Third artillery
Is the heaviest loser. Its killed and
wounded numbering 121
LANDING OF OREGON TROOPS.
San Franclaoo.Cal. (Special.) It has
been definitely determined to land the
Oregon volunteers Friday morning. The
Newport and Ohio, with the Oregon
boys on board, will be docked late
Thursday night or Friday morning.
General Shatter has arranged to have
a suitable escort from the Presidio
ready to march with the returned sol
dlers in the parade and later to escort
them to the camp at the Presidio.
The mustering-out process will take
two or three weeks. Governor Oter
of Oregon and his staff will leave for
Portland after the parade.
Naw Curs For Lockjaw.
Woea the Navajo Indian Is ailing he
builds himself a little hut Just large
enough to crawl into, plasters it Inside
and out with mud so as to make It
airtight, and then, taking with him a
heap of stones Intensely heated In an
adjoining fire, he closes the entrance
of his machine hut from within and re
mains there, violently perspiring until
all bat suffocated. He then coatee out,
has a nibdown, which to an Indian Is
a phenomenon, and believes hs la
cured, aad be generally Is.
What Is practically the some primi
tive treatment la now recotniasfided
for the cure of lockjaw. This affliction,
when caused by a wound, has long
been considered Incurable, and only of
late years has It yielded In some degree
to the administration of a aew class
of remedies, among which are the In
fllan woorall poison and enormous doses
of alcohol. It la now said that all the
alanasas; symptoms of the aeisare can
be removed by violent perspiration.
The case is quoted of a young man
whose band was caught la the gsarlng
of a threshing machine. Part of the
skin waa carried off. For a fortnight
everything seemed to be lavaresslng.
but one morning the patient awoke
with rigid Jaws, intense pal a over the
sternum, dlfacult breaUhtPC aad oon
vulstve starts la the lowaa Maths.
The doctor lmmedlitety pat hoops
under the bedclothes, la order to pre
vent their contact with the body, aad
than got foar pots Ailed with quick
lime, which he saSkUy saoisteoed with
water. To pWreat the akin freea be
ing arorohed each pot was wrapped In
linen, aad then piaaad oa each side of
the pa ties, orders beta, left with the
faaaf ly la atoistsa the quicklime occa
sionally and to chaaaw It when tx-
la tease that oa the ftrat day the bod
ekithss esjtght Ira. The perspiration
ladcesd waa bsyoad all belief; hat the
patleat, thoash greatly prostrated, was
ansr a raw oars of ooi
aMato so to work.
a-Tae aodtes of
at the wrack of the
i iUutior i
t at Oo aaff 'ta.
tag. They wart-.
tjsas far aaaa n.
Oa, Cars aaat a
X t-t sf Era.
Berlin. Genaaify's exports to tht
Doited States for the quarter ended
with June last were KU.OuO.uuo, as com
pared with S94.5OO.0uo for the oorre
pondlng quarter last year.
Minneapolis, Minn. A special from
Duluth says: Reports were recelvetf
Here by grain men that vast clouds oi
grasshoppers alighted on the fields lu
the vicinity of Holla, N". D., from tht
Turtle Mountain region.
Louisville, Ky. A decree has been
entered In the United States district
court on mandate Irom the United
States court of appeaJs ordering tht
sale of the property of the Kentucky
and lnrilna Bridge company, beside;
Mher culms. The aggregate of thes.
is ll.500.0ou. The date of Hie sale ha
not been fixed. .."
Chicago 111. A train of nine emptj
passenger cars plunged Into the nvei
from the Northwestern railway Kinz.i
street bridge The conductor an-.
brakeman saved their lives by Jumpwig
ine locomotive staying on tue uat.
i'he train was backing luto tne yard;
to carry a crowd of excursionists to K
Sin when the accident occuried.
bury, wife of the premier and minlste.
jf foreign affairs, had a slieht aitac-i.
. ixwaiysiB ai w aimer custie. Fne ra.
lied well and is now Imrrovina- i
neaitn. iid Salisbury hai ooilsvr.
io curtail tne diplomatic reception &
the foreign office imaieulalelv after tin
lei-eipi oi tne grave tidings, and too
a special train to aimer castle.
Janesvllle. Wis. The national rlmiii:
bicycle race meet here was dwlrid on
o. ma naers were complaining
inai money due them was unpaid ant
there was much hard feeling, desrdtt
tne splendid track and natural advan
tages in favor of the event. Most o,
tne naers left for Kavenswood, 111.
London. The house of commons ii.
committee is holding- an all nieht bp
sion over the title rent charge regulat
ing bill, the second reading of whicl
was carried on June 29 by a malorlu
of J14 to 17. The government is fort
ng the clauses through by means o.
Brest The Schaesische-Zeitun dt
Clares that the death of the czarewitch
Grand Duke George, who passed awa
uly 10, was da to a bicycle accident
While wheeling over the hilly country
about Abbas Tuman, In the Caucasus,
the paper adds, a mishap caused him
tuch loss of blood that he died on the
spot of the occurrence.
Washington. D. C General Brooke
ables the following from Havana.
Death report 10th and 11th: Trinida,
Private Albert Wirth, company G, Sec
jnd Infantry, suicide. 10th: Santiago.
Captain Thomas M. Woodruff, Klfti
Infantry, yellow fever, 11th; Louisville
Leach, civilian clerk, formerly pri
vate, company L, Flftli Infantry, 10th
Washington, D. C Third Assistant
Postmaster General Madden has pro
(nulgated a ruling permitting the en
losure of coin receptacles for sub-
tcrlption purposes with all second anc
hlra-elass maa matter. Tbelr mail
tng with publications under the usua.
ate has heretofor been refused.
Boston, Mass. Philip Lambele, alia:
George Bchley, of Chlcago.charged will
taking 110,900 off the desk of the pay
g teller of the Metropolitan Natlona.
bank June 22. pleaded guilty betort
uage Kicbardson In the superior crin
tnal court and was sent to state pris.
for not leas than two and one-half no
more than three and one-half years
London. The Shamrock showed s
stiff m ita Mais that Fife docked It at
douthamptsn and removed a quantity
of lead' nVlni life keel. A prominent
yachting authority says be regards
this as a serious development, making
him much more doubtful of the Sham
rock' chance. It Is believed Fife wai
too hnpwislve. He has altered all his
big boats Soon after launching and sel
dom has effected an Improvement.
Philadelphia, Pa. Eight men former
ly employed In the freight department
of the Philadelphia at Reading com
pany, are under arrest here charged
with having stolen thousands of dol
lars wsrth of goods from the oomtany't
cars. Two of them were emp j ad at
xmdactors, the others as brakemen ana
their sJlegad peculations cover a periuo
of mors. than a year. The valus of the
plunder wHl aggregate more than f,00t
and the stolen merchandise coimists of
thousands of cigars, barrels of whisky
and valuable silk and woolen goods.
Paris. Sir Richard Webster, attor
ney general of Great Britain, conclud
ed his presentation of the British case
before the Venesuelan arbitration com
mission today. In the course of bis re
marks he said It would be a deathblow
to arbitration If the courts sanctioned
such claims as those advanced by Ven
ezuela, as K would. In fact. Imply that
an unsupported claim amounted to a
title. The discussions or the oommls-
slpn were then adjeumed until Wed
nesday neat. -
Detroit. Mich. Venerable Dean J. O.
Mitchell of Payne Theological seminary
at Wllbarforce, one of the oldest col.
ored ministers and educators In the
country, read a paper on "Love and
Law. the Only Two Mighty Powers In
the Universe that Can Harmonise An
tagonising Forces in the Moral Realm,"
before the National Association of Ed
ucators of Colored Touth. The associ
ation and Its friends took a trolley ride
about the city.
St Johns, N. F. Another evidence of
the British determination to force a
speedy settlement of the French shore
question was afforded by the action of
the colonial legislature in passing a
bHI granting mining leases along the
bora. Mr. Morlne, minister of nsqc.
In moving thee passage of the bill, ssld
be expected that within a few months
II restrictions upon mining operatloas
alone; the coast woald be removed by
the action of the British government.
Washington. D. C The pension oom-
mtttee of the Grand Artny of the
public finished IU work here by a call
at the Whits hoaae, where R spent
sosas time la conference with the presi
dent Later It made a flnal visit to
the peastoa bares a. where R examined
a boat thirty cases aa the result of
published reports and other complaints.
After eight or ten had been examined
aad the committee had agreed with
the decisions mads It waa decided use
less to proceed farther aJoac that Una.
Waaalsgton. D, 0 The complete
ststhnlcs of stamped paper sales m the
UaMad States durtag the asoal year
last eJasafl, as aaaouacad today, shows
avajat ss-frscate of MaME ptoses
of ad t5aa of stamaad paaar to tha
UaHsd Mats, wtth a total aaJwNs
(4 rSls?. rm Mtnass of UOAJUA.
or -smf (t f-r aaat la asimbsf, sad
WCktX ar M per aaat fe rata, swat
DRAW A DEAD UNI.
Indian Draw a Mark and Oar a
WmHa Sheriff to Cross Over H.
Edgemont. 8. D. (Special) Swift
Bear, a Sioux Indian, and eight wagons
with several bucks, resisted arrest on
Buck creek, Wyoming, for killing game
contrary to law.
Amos Demtnlng, deputy sheriff of
Converse county, and posse, left Lusk
on Wednesday with warrants for the
arrest of the Indians and overtook
them at Buck creek Thursday morn
ing. After reading the warrants the
Indians refused to go with the sheriff
and drew a line and told bim that if
he crossed It there would be war and
backed it up with their Winchesters.
There was a moment of great sus
pense, the deputies being nearly out
oT it, as the Indians were decidedly In
the majority, bring outmimtxied the
sheriff went to Edgmont to net help
and papers for the arrest of the In
dians In South Dakota, as they crossed
the line. Deputy Sheriff George Miller
of Logmont will go out with tt.em with
an increased Ioh.
Sheriff Demming telegraphed the In
dian agent at Pine Ridge to have a
force of Indian police go out to In
tercept the Indians if they got away
from the Kdtsmont and Wyoming posse
It is expected the Indians will be over
takn somewhere near the agency, aa
they trotsst.-d Cottonwood creea, near
Edgmont, Thursday afternoon, and
are traveling for all there Is In It.
The Indians traveled over sixty miles
Thursday, but their ponies were still
as frem as ever, although the depu
ties are certain they are nuarly played
The Indians went through the sheep
herd of N. S. Tubbs and stole ail the
herders' bedding and food. William
Biack lost everything he had.
OPENING CHINA TO THE WORLD
Immense Alliance of British and
American Capital la Dadlcated.
New York. (Special.) The Trlbun
says: A business alliance of American
and English capitalists has been re
cently formed which is sf unusual In
terest and Importance bcaueo of the
leading positions held by these men on
both sides, and the many millions In
volved in It, because the United States
government Is About to be asked to
give the compact official sanction and
moral support; because England has al
ready formally approved it and be
cause the Held of its operations Is be
yond the Jurisdiction of both nations.
Announcement of this alliance was
made by F. W. Whitaridge, of the firm
of Cary A Whlteridge, who now fills
the place left vacant by the death of
ex-Senator Calvin &. Brice. aa chair
man of the executive committee of the
American-China Developmnt company.
The company Is one party to the agree
ment and the 'other is the British and j
Chinese corporation. This makes a
combination of the roost powerful com
pantos In the world. The field of their
activities Is China
The concession which ex-Senator Cal
vin Brice secured from the Chinese
government for the American-China
Development company consists of the
right to construct a railroad IV) miles
long from Canton to Han Kow, exceed
ingly valuable coal mining concessions
and other Industrial franchises of iv
individual but of great aggregate value.
The British company bad a contract
to build a lMVmlle railway from can
tun to Kow loon on the seacoast. The
companies resolved to pool their un
dertaklngs and the profit. The British
company apparently got the better of
the bargain, but their ability to sen
Chinese bonds In the money markets of
Europe exceeded the ability of the
American company to sell Chinese
bonds In America or anywhere else to
such an extent that the advantage Is
Tramps Killed In a Wrack.
Kansas City, Mo. (Special.) Three
tramps were killed and Ave others
were seriously Injured by the wrecking
of a freight train on the Chicago A
Alton road near Glendale, Mo. The
body of another man Is believed to be
at the bottom of the wreckage, which
consists of ten carloads of merchandise,
hoes and cattle.
Perry Curtis of Atlanta. G., Is the
only one of the dead Identified. FVre
were so severely Injured that they were
sent to the hospital. They are: Pat
Gloherty. W. 8. Baicd. all of St. Louis
Ira Furlong. Spnaatield, III. and J. M
McMahon, Chlca-Ku. AU of them were
stealing a . ae in an empty stock car
when the train left the track on
sharp curve. Among those In the car
was a woman In male at lire. She es
Violent Death of Vsllow Wolf.
Sioux Falls, a D. (Special.) Addi
tional particulars have reached here
concerning the violent death or xeiiow
Wolf, the Rosebud agency Blow. He
was found lying on the prairie. Weed
ing and senseless, and taken to Rose
bud agency, where be died shortly aft
erward without regaining conscious
ness. One version is that be was
dragged to death by a horse which he
had been riding; another version Is
that h was beaten to death by four
drunken Indians, who had secured li
quor at Georgia, a small towa across
thereservstlon line In Nebraska, Yel
low Wolf was a member of the Indian
police, and while endeavoring to quiet
the drunken Indians waa set upon by
them and pounded to death, according
to Information received here. One In
dian has been arrested as a suspect and
other arrests are soon to follow.
M'Laurln Holds tha Ralna.
Jackson, Miss (Special.) Governor
McLaurln has attained such a lead In
the county primaries that hja election
as United States senator la practically
assured. N't has seventy-two votes In
the primaries thus far held aad only
ninety are necessary to elect.
"private" John Allen baa a total In
(he nrtmariea of but twsaty-two. Even
If be ware successful la carrying all of
northern ooustles. wnicn are us-
aossd to be solid for Dim, as could
hot possibly overcome MeLaurln's lead.
The primaries will not be concluded
until September 7.
Ex -Governor Lowery la la tits lead
for the short term eenstorshtp, closely
pressed by Senator Eullrvaa.
Perth. Western Australia. The BrhV
jah ship Carlisle Castle waa lost la a
storm off Roeklnaham. Tha crew per -l.mA
The British ship City of Tork
has hssa wrecked sff Rottaeat Island.
Seven of the crew wars saved, bat the
captain and ai
ta adopted tm) praamMe Of the fratv
afems law. which declares the aeossstty
At for the hamsdlata fopuoa at
aw chs eissatttaaiaa. TM
LOOK AT YOUR HANDS!
"At Deloma, where we rame upon
detachment strongly Intrenched. i
buried 431 FlMptnos. while our loss was
only one. We buried eighteen In one
crave. . . There were women here, shot
lown while cooking for their husband
nd brothers. There were lads of 12
and IS firing bravely to the last, and
old men who could hardly see." From
.etters published in the Boston Tran
Look at your hands when blood Is shed
For lust of land or gold or rame.
And if you find them dripping red.
Think not the patriot's honored name
Will cleanse your gilt or purge your
Look at your hands!
Look at your hands, most reverend
Lest they should show the scarlet spot
That stained Iscarlot s. If the least
of these, Christ's little ones, forgot.
Cry out to you who answer not
Look at your hands!
Look at your hands. Sir President!
! they not reek with your dlMp-ace?
When free men's knees to force are
The tears that stain each patlot s face
Proclaim your treason to your race
Look at your hands!
Look at vour hands, whoe'er ynu be
That drive In blood weak Esau's trade!
In your despite men shall be free;
Hut vou against your .shame are
And whsn the bargain's price Is paid-
Look at your hands:
William Vicent Byars.
There Is nothing more practicable
than governmet bankn. Suppose all the
banking buslnets of a city or fifty tnou
Band was done by one government
bank. The first saving would be in the
expense of conducting the business. One-
bank would take toe place of a dozen.
One set of books the place of a dosen
One building the place of a dosen. One
third of the number of employes would
he able to do the business.
Let us start one, hypothetlcally, and
see how It would work.
The officers would be taken from
Among experienced bankers or theii
?mployeo men who knew the flnancia.
standing of the people of the city anc
surrounding country. The bank open
or business and people come to it t
deposit their money for safekeeping
Nobody afraid of the bank bursting
The merchant who was borrowing oi
the private bank comes and gets a loan.
He gives a note bearing I per cent in
terest He save 3 to 7 per cent He
lakes credit or the amount of his loar
on the bank books. He buys a draft for
the amount Sends the draft to New
if ork to pay for the goods. A shipper oi
roduce calls a few minutes after an',
eposlts a draft received from New
Tork and gets credit on the books foi
t One draft offsets the other. Then tht
produce snipper goes to Dis omoe am.
checks out to various farmers th
amount of the draft deposited. Thi
farmers get their money and go to ll.i
mores and pay their bills. The mt-r
i-hants take the money and deposit I;
in the bank the unit day they gel ii
The money alwsys gets back to thi
bank. It can loan every hour of th
day and at closing time will have Jus
aa much money as It had In the morn
:ng. A farmer who owed a nvortgugi
drawing 6 or 8 per cent could go to th
irovernment bank and get money at
or 1 per cent (perhaps It would be ad
vtsable to make the rale on long loan
at 2 per cent). With his governmen
ioan be would pay off his old debt ani.
he man to whom he paid the old deb
would take the money to the govern
inent bank and deposit It. With gov
i-rnment banks everywhere where
bank Is needed, all the money exct-p
that in the people's pockets would be Ii
the banks. There would be very inii
hid away in the garrets. It would b
Impossible to have a bank panic or .
run on a bank. Should at any time i
bank run rhort of aotual cash, ca.
could be tansferred to It from othe
government bnks. Of course prlvat
banks could not compete with goverr.
ment banks and would have to go ou
of business, but they would not surtV
any loss of their capital. The goverr
ment concerns would take their solver,
notes and give them the money fo
them. Occasionally, of course, a kt
would occur, but not often, for the lo
rate of Interest would be easier to pa
ind then with the iteadlness of buelnef
affairs and the absence of panics thei
would not be the business disasters
have now. Loans, of course, woul
nave to be made to those who wouli
certainly pay, but It would not be loot
until Industry, economy and honest;
would be good security for a reason
able amount. That Is to say. It woul'
not always be necessary for a borrow
to be possessed of property. The ma.
with some land, but no fit habltatlo
for his family could get money to bulh
him a home, say 11.000, which woul.
cost him but $30 a year. Under preset
systems a great majority of fumillt
live In small houses, and tne ratner I
only able to build after saving fo.
years. He lives crowded In one, tw
or three rooms with his large famll:
until he Is well along In life, his chil
dren are married off and gone, thet
perhaps be can and does build a larg
house, whose very dimensions remind
him how bsdly they needed It year:
before. As experience should show I"
to be safe, the government banks couh
aid the people In getting homes. Th-
profit of government banks shoulf
largely reduce taxation If they wen
used in place of taxes. Scenes wouli
occur like this:
Collector's offlae: Enter taxpayer
Taxpayer I want to pay my taxes,
suppose they are about the same a
last year M0.
Collector Oh. no, only half as much.
You see the profits of government bank
ing have been applied to the payment
of public expenses.
Taxpayer Well, well, that la good.
Reduced Interest and reduced taxes.
But the greatest benefit of govern
ment banking would be the prevention
of the concentration of wealth fa the
hands of a few.
A thousand dollar loaned it U m
rent, compounded annually, will amount
to over thirteen million dollars In one
hundred years. That is not a long time
In the life of a nation that long ago
the writer's grandfather was twenty
years old. Interest to private parties
will concentrate nearly all property in
the hands of a few In a remarkably
short time from now on. because there
Is, It Is estimated, aot leas than the
vast sum of tweety billion dollars st
Interest In the United States. Some es
timate It higher than that. Tha lead
ers ran ass only a small part of the
nterest, so the greater part of It
probably nine-tenths of It Is loaned
out again and the lots rest la in effect
Twenty-frr years mors at an average
rat of t per seat aad tha capitalists
will own wealth easel te the- en tin
present w earth of th United State.
What th halaao of th people wNI
have win he ss amount aqaal toa Is
rraaat af wealth between now iad thai
tlmu, aad vea this may largely ht'
concentrated la th hands of specula
tors. With the government doing all th
money lending, interest on mone)
would not concentrate capital la a fea
people, for every dollar of Interest
would belong to all the people an
would In effect be divided into seventy
million parts. Banking is properly
government function. It should not b
In the hands of private parties. The
people can never enjoy the fruits ot
their own labor while the money lend
lng is done by private corporations or
Individuals. Interest to Individuals will
Just as surely as time passes transfet
the property of the many to the pos
session of the few.
With government banks the govern
ment would always have an unlimited
cash resource to carry out any gTeal
project such as the construction ol
railways, canals, etc A government
banking system would he a medium ot
exchange of labor.
A million of men. now Idle, could at
once be set to work on Interns 1m.
provements giving their labor to th
whole people in exehange tor a por
tion ; the products m the labor ol
others. Money and banking are th
principal mediums through which labor
is exchanged and they should not bt
controlled by private parties. The trlb.
ute paid for the privilege of exchang
ing labor is the whole secret oi nar?
Units. The Science of Government
On tha Coast Lines.
Pros. Oscar C. S. Carter of the Cen
tral high school, Philadelphia, gave so
illustrated talk before the Engineers'
club recently on "CotuOa Topography. '
The subjf-ct was treated In a manner .
quite new lo the older members of the
club, and Illustrated by photographs of
various portions of the coast line of
North America, bordering on the At
lantic and Pacific ocean.
Taking up a definite portion of the
.oast line, like that of Maine, or an Is
land, like Nantucket he showed what
forces had been at w.rk, ancient and
lomparutively recent, to produce the
results now seen. The coast line of
Maine, Its rocky character, studded
with islands, Is due to the submergence
of the mainland; the islands are simply
drowned hills; the valleys that inter
vened have also been submerged.
The Island's of Nantucket and Mar
tha's Vineyard have no bed rock, but
are made up of morainlc material and
recent formations, some tertiary and
retaoeous. These Islands are entirely
Jlstlnct In character from the Rocky
stands of Maine, and are made up
mostly of sand, clay end gravel. The
antern illustrations gave the general
topography of Nantucket, showing the
-oast line and harbor and the 'Jetty
made by the government, constructed
y bringing bowlders walghlng several
jns each from the coast of Connecticut
tnd dropping them In parallel lines,
leveral hundred yards apart, for a (Us
ance of over a mile out from the har-
xr. The wash of the tide was aepenu-
d upon to ecour out the ship channel
Coming down to the coast of New Jer-
el. a series of slides showed where
ind was being made and where the sea
as cutting It away. This coast alsa
.vas shown to be sinking. He regarded
elaware Huy as a submerged valley.
nee high enough to be above the ocean
vlth the river running through It. In
ke manner the sinking of the const
i ad produced the Chesapeake Bay.
nmllco sound and the lagoons that
re found along the coast from Norfolk
o Florida, making a chain ot soundt
vhich could be used for navigation
v-lth a few short portages.
On the Pacific ooast the Illustrations
ihowed the few harbors to be found
here, Santiago, San iKtmlnlca, M-onte-ey
arid fan Francisco. In California,
tnd then a few near the Columbia
iver. He gave as reasons for this
orclty that the mountains and valleys
.ad been lifted up along the shore line,
nd there had been very little submerg
ne. There were few river valleys, the-
ivrs being mostly "young." Their
alleys had been cut out deep and the
ddes were precipitous, whereas an old.
nature valley sloped off in V shape.
Speaking of the alternate submer
gence and elevation of the coast, he
tald that In the glacial period, when the
ice cap on the entire northern portion
f the I'nlted States was a mile thick,
and when the Adlrondacks stood up
is Islands and were submerged by the
ice sheet, then the weight of that mass
if Ice pressed down the earth's crust
ind caused It to sink.
The whole coast line of a continent
a' as not necessarily Involved, and the
professor called attention to the face
hat the northern coast of Norway was
Inking, while the southern coast waa
A Window Dresser's Hit.
'Funny thing happened to me when
1 was working for Blankety Blank A
Co. In Chicago," said a New Orleans
wlnow dresser. "I had a big window
mi .Clark street that seemed as if it
as hoodooed. No matter what I pul
there It appeared to be Impossible to
attract any attention, and the manager.
who was as keen as a hawk, began to
grumble because he never saw anybody
looking In. I used to lw awake night
racking my brains for new schemes.
but It was no go. One day, when I was
fueling pretty blue, I told our negro
porter to clear everything out prepar
atory to making a big display of a
special Une of shirts.
"He was a fat, black, trifling fellow.
and I guess he must have been out at
Cakewalk the night before, for he fell
fast slep In a chair In the middle of
the window. I was on the point of
waking bin. up and giving blm fits.
when I happened to notice how ex
tremely ludicrous he looked. His head
was on on side, his enormous mouth
wide cpen. and hi limb relaxed in
the oddest postures Imaginable; In
short, be was s perfect picture of a lasy
rascal In happy slumber. That gave
me an idea. I dtdn t say a word, but
grabbing a piece of pasteboard I dashed
off a sign: 'Dreaming of our Dollai
hlrts,' and stood R quietly against his
'Then I gently rolled uo the curtain
and awaited developments. Well, the
hit that window made la th pat tradl-
in ot tne store to this day. Psonlr
simply blockaded the sidewalk, and
you ould bear them laughing a block
aaay. The runniest part about It was
rst rcoocy supposed for a moment It
coul losslbly be th real thing. Thy
thought It wsa a clever piece of acting,
or else a wonderful wax figure. Thai
n cocn was actually asleep never oc-
urreo to any on, aad I stood around
with my heart In my mouth for fast
th nois would arouse him.
ft didn't however, aad ha anored
way peacefully until nsarlv 4 a'elark
Then he wok up with a atari, aad war
snrpnaaa a cams near tu nin
through the plais glass tha apeetaton
howtsd, and that alght lb hoaai
rsjsvu my salary. I tried to- work ths
I ssaam afterward, hwt it wa
isitur. tbs earn ooaida't
worth a esat."
dia ewtldtoj at tfea turn to ts
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