The Sioux County journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1888-1899, June 01, 1899, Image 2

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Torture Chair Has Been Abolished
in Cuba.
Havana. (Special.) An interesting
relic of tbe Spanish administration In
Cuba has been removed from the Pre
sidio la Habana, or general peniten
tiary. This was the old garrote, which
was used to execute condemned crlm
inals. It will probably be taken to the
governor general's palace, and here,
along with other articles of historical
character, kept in a wing of the build
ing for the information of future gen
In structure It la simple and almost
. commonplace. It Is an iron pillar firm
ly fixed In a wooden platform. This lat
ter is about ten feet square and six feet
from the ground. Attached to the col
umn Is an Iron chair. Two feet above
this is an Iron collar, which is closed by
a screw running through the column
and tightening by a bar similar to that
of a modern copying press.
The end of the screw Is pointed, and
when twisted up protrudes about an
Inch Into the center of the ring.
The victim was placed in the fatal
chair, the ring around his neck and
his hands and feet firmly tied. The
white camp was then drawn over his
face, a quick twirl given the screw and
the spinal column broken by the point
entering the neck. The execution gen
erally took place at sunrise, and the
garroted prisoner was left In the chair
until sunset.
The procession to the chair of death
was one of the most horrible features
of the old-time executions. It was made
on foot and huge crowds gathered to
witness it. It was made the occasion
for general merriment. There Is some
thing innately cruel In the Spanish
and Cuban character, and the specta
tors did not as a rule evince any feel
ing for the agonies of the condemned.
All along the route he was greeted with
. ribald taunts, jeers and laughter. The
spectacle had all the excitement of a
bull fight, with tbe added zest that the
Tlctim was a human being. Conse
quently the most was made of It.
First In procession came a squad of
soldiers. Then the prisoner, with a
priest on either side. Then fifty of the
brotherhood called the "Hermandad,
Brothers of Death, all negroes, dressed
la long black robes, wearing masks and
carrying lanterns and bells. Then more
soldiers, a surgeon, the governor of the
prison, the Judge who sentenced the
prisoners, and the bearers of the rough
wooden shell which was to receive tbe
dead body.
' The preliminary proceedings were In.
terminable, and the prisoner, in full
lew of the instrument of his destruc
tion, suffered the agonies of a hundred
deaths before his throat was pressed by
tbe fatal ring. Orders and proceedings
innumerable were read, a confession
endeavored to be extorted, tbe sentence
reiterated and confirmed, and a long
religious ceremony held. Fully thirty
minutes elapsed before the sentence of
the law was carried out.
The present executioner is a negro
named Valentine. He is about 60 years
of age and was originally himself con
demned to death for the murder of
laborer on a plantation. His sentence
was changed to penal servitude for life
and a few years later the office of
public executioner 'falling vacant, he
was brought from Ceuta to fill It. He
has garroted nearly 70 persons.
He enjoys a kind of freedom in the
prison, has a private room, and is al
lowed outside for a stroll now and then.
There is little fear of his running away.
Tbe lower class execrate him, and were
be recognized In the city he would be
torn to pieces. He goes out, therefore.
at nigbt in disguise.
BanguiUy was the last prisoner con
demned to the garrote. He was par
doned on representations of the Amer
ican representatives and the promise
that be should not again take up arms
against Spain. He broke his word to
the Spaniards, and has shown his grat
itude to the Americans by taking every
Pay Homage to the Memory of Jef
ferson Colonel Bryan the
Guest of Honor.
opportunity to belittle their admlnlstra- and of no avail.
Toti. (Special.) The second of
the "one dollar" Bryan dinners, that
under the auspices of the workingmen.
was held at the Grand Central palace.
v The dinner was not as largely at
tended as the one given by the Chicago
platform democrats In the same place
on the preceding Saturday night, about
1,500 men and women being present. The
striking difference between these din
ners was the seating of the guests of
houor on the platform, where they were
plainly visible to everybody In the hall.
Back of the speakers, painted on a
large canvas, wa the following: "A
system of political economy will yet
down which will perform as well as
promise, which will rain the riches of
nature into the laps of the Btarvins
Colonel "William J. Bryan entered the
hall soon after 7 o'clock. He was re
ceived with great applause.
An orchestra discoursed music from
one of the boxes. The women, who were
about equal in number to the men, sat
at the tables on the main floor. The
toasts and speakers were as follows:
"Municipal Ownership of Public
Franchises," Mayor S. M. Jones; "What
a just and Economic System Woum
Do for Women," Charlotte Perkins
Stetson; "The Foes Which Beset Move
ments in the Interest of the People,'
Kev. Edward McGlynn: "Practical Ad
justment of Social Problems," N. U.
Nelson; "All Government Derives Its
Principles from the Consent of tnt
Governed," William Temple Emmet
"Thomas Jefferson," William Jennings
The menu was of the simplest. It
was: Vegetable soup, haddock, egg
sauce, roast beef, roast turkey, cran
berry sauce, pickles, ice cream, cakes
and coffee.
Colonel Bryan was accompanied by
Congressman W. A. Sulzer when he en
tered the hall.
In the course of tbe dinner Chairman
Walker arose and asked all to drink to
the honor of "Those heroes who, Apri:
9, 114 years ago (battle of Lexington),
gave up their lives for that liberty tht
danger to which is the occasion for
your gathering here tonight"
All rose and drank while the band
played "The Star Spangled Banner."
Chairman Walker introduced Mayoi
Jones of Toledo. Mayor Jones wa
cheered. His toast was "Munlcipa:
Ownership of Public Franchises," and
he said in part:
"Any system adopted by society.
either as custom or law, that grants u
one man or set of men a privilege th.v.
is by force of circumstances denied oth
er men, is a denial of the equality
guaranteed to the people of this gov
ernment in the Declaration of Inde
penuence, and Is, therefore, a violation
of divine Justice.
vve can understand how the con
tract system or a system of specia
privileges might exist In a monarchy
jr be tolerated under a despot, but ever.
i suggestion of inequality is repugnan
.o any conception of a government it.
which all are supposed to be equals
For this reason the fact of equality
under our government has generally
been accomplished without question.
The lmprersion given to our chlldrer
is that the thing called government u'
perfected. There is, therefore, no re
ponsiblllty for the boy beyond the
mere perfunctory work of voting or
election day, of proclaiming In seasoi
and out of season that we have th
best government on earth, and of con
stantly keeping before the minds of out
fellow men the assertion that we 'cai
.ick everybody," but if we have the bes;
government on earth, which I do noi
question, it does not necessarly follow
that even that may not be Improved.
If we can 'lick everybody, even this
Is not of necessity the highest idea
toward which a nation may strive.
I have no quarrel with the capital
ist: I have no quarrel with the con
tractor. Under our existing business
system It is the business of the capital
ist and contractor to get the best end
of the bargain, and to my mind all In
flammatory and denunciatory appeal!
directed against "the capitalist,' 'th
contractor,' 'the money power,' are idle
.utci lot- Iuk niaur. IVvy were given.
Then some one called for three cheers
for "the people." "Yes." shouted Mayor
Jones, leaping to his feet and waving
his hands, "Cheer not for me. Cheer
for the people." This brought out
great applause.
Mrs. Charlotte Perkins Stetson spoke
Dr. McGlynn was the next speaker.
He was given an ovation. He said in
"There Is today a slaverv worse than
chattel slaveiy. That is lnJustilal s.v.
ery. I believe that a man should be
more than a machine, more than a
mere brute of the tields.
"If any one tells you that we reform,
ers would destroy the right of property
tell him he telis not the truth. We
would give to every Individual corpora
tion Just what it produces. No govern
ment has a right to give an ay a rigiit
or a franchise created by the people in
perpetuity and posterity has a right to
spit upon such a grant."
N. O. Nelson of St. Louis spoke next
and was followed by William Ten.p.e
Mr. Emmet closed with a reference to
Colonel Bryan. It created a tremen
dous amount of enthusiasm, and then
followed another demonstration similar
to that given Mr. Brya nSaturday. It
continued for some moments, and some
one shouted, "God bless you, Billy,
boy," whereat the crowd again got up
and yelled and cheered for minutes.
Mr. Bryan had to raise -his hands
many times before his admirers would
give way. Tbe women particularly
were enthusiastic in their greetings.
tion in Havana.
"Our warfare should be on an unholy
system, a system, too, that Is unscien
tific as it is unholy; a system that hopet
to perpetuate Itself through ministering
to greed; a system that Is dally war
fare, that is calculated to make men
hate each other; a system that make
our pretended democracy a travesty
and makes our dally walks a denial of
democracy, and It Is, therefore, treasor
to the republic In which we are all pro
fessed sovereigns and equals.
"In every city of this or any other
country that has adopted public own
ership of its public utilities the con
tract system and the franchise system
will both disappear together. Every
city, I say, that has adopted public
ownership of public utilities has short
ened the hours of labor, increased the
pay of the men and improved the qual
ity of the service.
"If the workingmen and masses are
In economic slavery, in charity It Is
because preceding economic slavery
there has been party slavery, and In
every succeeding election the working-
men of the country have been the dupes
of the schemers who sought to serve
only their own ends.
"I believe this Is the beginning of the
government that is bought and sold
and run for revenue, and the days of
pretended partisan hatred have van
ished; that workingmen can no longer
be rallied with the mere nue and cry
of 'Be a democrat' or 'Be a republican.'
"Let the platform that commands the
votes of the workingmen and reform
, W l , A 1 u. M . U .
ptSaMo rowdorla. Into Xnglieh of the Xu ttat -ri now ti.l to
ertjr, rach as equal opportunities for ail.
the abolition or the contract system.
An effort is making among some of
the Methodist churches to induce wo
men to remove their hats In church.
The whole amount of receipts of the
American board of missions from Sep
tember 1, lm, to March L m, was
Rev. Edward Everett Hale last week
passed his 77th birthday, with no ap
parent abatement of either mental or
physical power.
Fifty students of tbe University of
Michigan, Ann Arbor, have gone out as
foreign missionaries under the auspices
of different boards of missions.
A remarkable Increase In the popula
tion of Jerusalem during the last fifty
years Is exciting much interest. The
number today Is estimated at 46,000.
Of these 28,000 are Jews. The whole
Jewish population of Palestine is reck
owed at 100,000.
Tbe question of the use of the revised
version of the bible baa recently been
before the convocation of Canterbury.
Tbe Bishop of Rochester said that tbe
version to "the most faithful
Stotsenberg and Funsten will Prob
ably be Mad Brevet Generals.
Washington, D. C. (Special.) The
announcement that the volunteers In
the Philippine Islands are to be muster
ed out of the service has excited con
siderable Interest in the fate of the two
western officers who have signally dis
tinguished themselves In the different
operations around Manila.
They are Colonel Funston of the
Twentieth Kansas regiment and
Colonel Stotsenberg of the First Ne
braska. The latter is an army ameer,
holding a commission as captain in the
Tenth cavalry. Colonel Funston is a
volunteer who saw considerable service
in Cuba, and was wounded as brigadier
general In the insuigent army.
Both these officers have served with
great distinction and under ordinary
ircumstances would be entitled to pro
motion. Under tbe power given the
president by law, however, nothing cn
be done for them except to brevet them
brigadier generals and muster them
out. While Colonel Stotsenberg will re
sume his rank In the line, Funston will
be compelled to retire to private life.
This would not follow if the president
ahould decide to call for the 35,000 vol
unteers under the army reorganizatioc
ict. In which event there will doutAlesf
be found desirable commissions for both
at these distinguished officers.
It Is understood that Colonel Vlf
qualn, in command of the Third Ne
braska, which has been on duty in
Cuba, and has but reee''y returned to
the United States, ha.- tendered the
services of his regiment for duty in tbe
The war department has received nu
inerous tenders like that of Colonel
Vlfquain, but in every case, so far as
known, the department has declined to
entertain them.
Oh, why should the spirit of mortal be
Like a swift-fleeting meteor, a fast-fly.
lng cloud.
A Bah n of the lightning, a break of
liie Viave.
Man pusstth from life to his rest In
ti.e trave.
The leaves of the oak and the willow
shall fade.
Be scattered around and tobether be
And the young and the old, and the
low and the high
Shall nitu.dtrr to dutt and together shall
The Infant a mother attended and loved
The mother that Infant s affection who
The hiit,KUiid that mother and Infant
w ho blessed,
Each. nil. are away to their dwellings
of rest.
The maid on whose cheek, on whose
brow. In whose eye.
Shone beauty and pleasure, her tri
umphs are by;
And the memory of those who loved her
and praised,
Are alike In the minds of tbe living
The hand of the king, that the scepter
hath borne;
The brow of the priest that the miter
hath worn.
The eye of the sage, and the heart of
the brave.
Are hidden and lost in the depths of
tne grave.
The peasant whose lot was to sow and
to reap.
The herdsman, who climbed with his
goats up the steep:
The beggar who wandered in search
of his bread.
Have faded away like the grass that
we tread.
The saint who enjoyed the communion
or heaven.
ine Binner w no aarea to remain un-
The wise and the foolish, the guilty
and just.
Have quietly mingled their bones with
tbe dust.
So the multitude goes, like the flower
r-t the weed,
inai wirners away to let others suc-
So the multitude comes, even those we mean work 'nd loU of lt At the eamt
What Can Be Dona to Better Her
One morning not lorg ago I had a
memorable conversation with a farm
er's daughter; she was a bright young
woman, a school teachtr, who had
passed thirty I should say, and devel
oped with every year. She had been
speaking of her mother, who had grown
unable to work, and, unfortunately, was
able to interest herself In nothing else.
She said:
"My mother Is not eo old, either, but
she is broken down. Now, my father
Is older than she, and he worked, too,
but he took better care of himself, and
he always had a hired man and found
time to read, If It were only the weekly
paper. My mother was different. She
never had a girl, and she was always
always working, always, always tired.
I don t think she ever rested, except
when she was sleeping, and I never saw
a book In her hands. There s not much
play time on the farm, but the women
seem to take lt the hardest. Do you
know the number of farmers In the
state asylums Is simply appalling? And
there are more women than men." Af
she spoke her snapping black eyes soft
ened, then filled and she turned her
head away, saying brokenly: "Oh, my
mother Is so miserable; I don't know
what the end of it all will be."
For days I could not get her words
out of my thoughts. They fairly haunt
ed me and from somewhere a voice
kept saying insistently: "What are you
going to do about it? Here you are
with thousands of farmers, and their
wives, and sons, and daughters to talk
to every week. Surely you can do
At laBt I said: "I will try; I will try
Some people think work la a curse. 1
don't, I think It Is one of our greatesi
blessings. But, like every other good, It
may be so misused as to become an evil,
a very curse Indeed.
On a farm, particularly In these days,
one simply must work to live. There
are no two ways about It; farming
Let ine ou Buuitmiiug to tie.p ; ol." Tb
answer was, "Give me tbe verse thai
grew In your heart for me the othet
day. It will rest me."
Work a little less. Love a little more
Not drugs or lotions, poultices ot
balms give surest ease; love is the
best healer. Is the heart empty T Fill
it. Love somebody, or something; any
thing, so you love. If your heart full?
Pour Ks wealth out upon the sad, hungry-hearted
and weary, but most of all,
upon those who look to you for life's
Joy and sunshine. Iowa Homestead.
;V , - r -
v Followers of Custom.
Why does a man wear two buttons
Follow Blanco's Tactics.
London. (Special.) The Filipino
European Junta claims to have received
x cablegram from General Luna, "com--nandlng
the Manila district," direct
from Manila on Friday, declaring that
General Law-ton, "whose object was to
proceed to Baler and effect a Junction
with the Torktown," was inveigled by
the Filipino tactics Into "perilously ex4
tending his line with the result that
i column, consisting of 140 officers and
men, on reaching a place called Blnan
?onam, was ambushed by a large
Filipino force, communication with the
main force was severed and the entire
column was captured."
The foregoing Is said to be a separate
lffalr from the disappearance of tht
boat's crew of the Torktown in the vi
cinity of Baler.
The Filipinos are also said to have
captured 7,000 Mauser rifles, all the
ammunition and several Spanish gun
boats, which the rebels say they have
navigated up the Rio Grande and out
of reach of the Americans.
CI new testaments.
. TZ AtVajMO aays that at the
r " tt tSMN Jowls temple
';rs ftw days
"there was a
at which
i C2 tr attract
the substitution of the eight-hour day
and tbe recognition of organised labor
In all skilled departments; and let us
repooiate any platform that does not
involve every- one of these principles.''
Mayer Jones dosed smid a great
Bo was Hi tensely
one oalled for three
Union Pacific Hustling.
Cheyenne, Wyo. (Special.) The prN
vate car of General Manager Dickinson
went north from here over the Chey
enne ft Northern railway.
It will be met at Badger by Mr. Dick,
Inson, who, with a party of Union Pa
cific officers, made the trip by wagon
across from Sidney, Neb., along tht
route proposed to be built Into North
ern Laramie county by the Union Pa
cific. Mr. Dickinson has been personally su.
perlntending operations taken by the
Union Pacific to secure control of Hal
lack canon In the northern part of Lar.
amle county, which forms part of the
route proposed to be followed by the
Burlington on Its line from Alliance,
Neb., across Wyoming to the Carbon
county coal fields. The csnon forms the
only feasible route across the Black
Hills range in Laramie county. It Is
reported here that the Union Pacific
people have secured possession of the
canon and will run a track through It at
once to bold control.
To repeat every tale that has often
keen told.
For we are the same that our fathers
have been
We see the same lights that our fath
ers have sren
rve onus ine same stream and we
view the same sun.
run me same course that oui
fathers have run.
The thouKhts we are thinking
fethers would think;
From the death we are shrinking our
ra-iners would shrink.
To the life we are clinging they also
would sling;
But It speeds for us all, like a bird on
the wing.
They loved, but the story w-e cannot
mcy scorned, but the heart of the
hauchty Is cold
They grieved, but no wall from their
slumbers will come;
They Joyed, but the tongues of their
gladness Is dumb
They died, aye! they died; and we
tnings that are now
Who walk on the tu:f that lies over
their brow
Who make In their dwellings a tran
flent abode.
Meet tre thincs that they met on their
pi.grimage road.
Yea! Hope and despondency, pleasure
and pain.
We mingle together in sunshine and
And the smile and the tear, and the
song and the dirre.
Still follow each other like surge upon
'Tls the wink of an eye, 'tis the draft
or a breath,
From the blossom of health to the pale
ness of death.
From th? gilded salon to the bier and
the Shroud
Oh, w hy should the spirit of mortal be
proud? William Knox.
A woman likes to have a lot of Jew
els, so that when ber feelings have
been hurt oho can leave them all off
and come down to dinner dressed In
Mack and leaking pale and sad.
Officer's Wife Under Fire.
Washington Evening Star: Mrs. John
M. Stotzenburg, wife of the colonel of
the First Nebraska regiment, which
has been distinguishing Itself In the
Philippines, thus describes In a letter
how she was "under fire" for a time:
"A lime before dark we could see
through field glasses about 400 long
haired tavages gathered together and
undergoing Inspection by Insurgent offi
cers. These savages had been brought
down from the mountains and carried
shields, bows and arrows, hatchets and
(pears. Their officers wore red coats.
and these mountain men were placed in
the front.
"After watching them a little w hile I
at down and was conversing with one
of the officers when a rifle shot rang
out and In a minute the sound seemed
to me to be like that we hear on the
morning of the Fourth of July, only
many times multiplied. I came out to
the camp In a quells or Philippine wag
onette, and someone ordered the Phil
ippine coachman to harness the little
ponies, when a bullet went right thro
the vehicle, and the Philippine dilver
ran away as fast as he could.
"The doctor and quartermaster told
me to lie down in a trench, and I as
sure you that 1 laid low for a llmi
while the bullets whizzed over me. It;
a Utile while I walked about 300 yardi
to where the Utah battery was station
ed, and there, by the aid of Dr. Jensen.
I procured a quells and was driven Into
the city. On the way in I had to get out
for a little while and He down by the
roadside on account of the storm of
bullets, which cut the cane trees on
either side of the carriage. I tried to
keep cool and to appear brave, even if
I was not.
"When I reached Manila I heard
nothing from the regiment until Mon
day, when Gllson, whom you will re
member ss the old Indian fighter who
accompanied John's regiment to Manila,
csme and told me that John was safe
snd that the regiment was fighting the
Insurgents to get possession and con
trol of the waterworks, which are the
main reliance of the city of Manila.
Lata on Monday the battalion which
John commanded succeeded In doing
this. It was made up of his own and
four other regiments, and bis headquar
ters are now In a large stone house for.
merty oocuptsd by tbe Insurgent chief."
time overwork never paid any one,
When a man finds himself slaving
eighteen hours a day to keep body and
soul together there's something sadly
wrong, and it's time to call a halt. II
he keep on, one of two things Is bound
to happen, he will go to pieces some
day, and the doctor's bill will cost fat
more than he made or saved, or he will
become a bent, broken down old mar
ong before his time. And this Is only
the physical, much the least Important
part of the evil wrought.
Bad as It Is for a farmer to overwork
t Is even worse for the farmer's wife-
woman Is the mother of the race an
-she does It more often. A man hirer
help and utilizes his children as eoor
is they are any sge, but a woman rare-
y has regular hired help and receive!
less aid from the children. Added to
this, in the earlier years of married
tfe, she usually has the additions'
md exhausting duties of motherhood
rhe wife In town who does all the work
for her husband and children Is though
x busy woman, and so she is, but hei
tasks are light compared with those ol
'lutter, bakes her bread, and cooks fo
hired help.
Sometimes this country wife coutt'
"iave help If she asked for It, but, per
haps, there is a mortgage on the farm
r the crops have been poor, or bus
!and wants a new machine, or help It
iard to secure, or worst of all, she It
too proud to ask for what should b'
Xiven without a word from her. 8'
she does her work as best she may
with dragging step and growing effort
nd at 35 or 40 she Is an old woman an
begins to need a skilled doctor's care
She has been taking medicine thir
long while, goading tired nature untl
it last the whip has no effect. Interna
omplleatlons have arisen and opera
Uons become necessary (frightfully
gainful and very expensive these opera
tlons are ,too). Then she drags on hei
weary years as a eeml-lnvalld or dlei
n her prime. Woman's extraordinary
vitality sometimes keeps her going un
II old age creeps on; then perforce sh
nust rest awhile and harvest the fruit
jf misspent years.
I said the physical evils of overworl
were the least; I said such years wer
misspent. I solemnly affirm that botl.
these statements are true.
When the body Is made a mere work
ing machine the mind and soul suffer
Irreparably; when every hour Is fillet
with work the time which should b
employed striving "to be filled with th
(fe of God" Is wasted. It Is this sort o:
living which sends farmers and farm
ers' wives to the Insane asylums.
Well, what can be done to better
The question can be answered only
n a general way. Try to make lesi
A-ork do; try to have more varied In
terests. The body and its needs must
not be allowed to crowd and slarve tht
nlnd and the soul. I'.tad something ev
ery day and by feeding the mind raise
yourself above the level of an animal
which simply works and eats and
sleeps. Get In contact with nature and
with God. Be alive In your soul ano
.If e will broaden and grow richer every
It was in the gloaming. Husband
and wife had been resting together; the
sweet silence that sometimes falls be
tween two who love each other and are
In perfect sympathy, brooded over then,
until one said to the other: "A penny
for your thoughts, love?" The penny
was paid not In the coin of the realm
and this Is the "thought" which was
i would thou wert a passing cloud
And I a sunbeam bright;
From heaven I'd steal my rapid way
And on thy bosom light
It was some days later, and one of
the two waa In pain; the other anxious
ly Inquired: 'What can I do for you?
on the back of his coat? This Is not a
companion riddle to "Joe" Miller's cele.
brated conundrum, "Why does a hen
cross the street?" Eut It Is a pertinent
Interrogatory. Habit that's the an
swer. Unquestioning, unreasoning cus
tom. Tour father wore two buttons in
that same position. So did his father.
So did your earlier ancestois. So do
you. There wasn t much call for sar
torial splendor In the Adam period, and
Eve wasn't the author of the "nine
tailors to make a man" theory. About
the time men began wearing clothes
and developing differences of opinion
In which the sword was the usual ar
bitrator the two buttons came to be in
evidence. They held the sword belt In
place. When the coffee and pistol fad
superseded the rage for rapiers the cus.
torn of wearing the two buttons was
continued. Ever since then the buttons
have been worn. No use to any one.
No advantage except to the button
manufacturers. Tet your tailor and
mine had better not leave those "but
tons off, or we'll start an account at
another tailor's.
Look at the hairdresser's shop. This
Isn't for baldheaded men or Infanta
There's a pole that looks like a sta
tionary pousse cafe, or half a hundred
rainbow-colored serpents all climbing
up and down In different directions,, ac
cording to your condition. In the good
old days when the giants were on the
earth there were also barber surgeons
seeking whom they might entice. The
varicolored pole was the sign of their
profession. We don't have barber phy.
siclans now. The surgeon lives in a
fashionable quarter, and If you planted
one of these poles In front of an office
the owner would have you locked up.
The pole means, "blood letting done
here." Come to think of It, the pole
s not so Inappropriate, after all. But
f I were a barber I would not ad
vertise my specialty that way.
When you write a business letter why
do you write the name of the person
who Is to receive It at the top. Haven't
you written the address and name on
the envelope? What's the advantage
f the double system? When the world
A-as younger the Scribes and Pharisees
Aere not acquainted with envelopes.
and consequently knew nothing of the
mysteries of the "envelope game" as
t flourishes today. The address was
therefore written on the letter Itself,
tnd then sheet was then folded in such
i way as to bring the superscription
only to view when the sealing wax was
The window custom is one which al
most every builder knows by heart.
fhese gentlemen are In the habit of
putting up houses with windows on all
ides, and this Is all right where there
s a use for these apertures. But your
rdlnary builder does not confine him-
lf to the utilitarian. When he strikes
t corner house where there are not so
nany windows required as In other
ocallties he docs the best he can to
rive that house the appearance of be-
ng nothing but windows. Look at all
he corner houses you pass. Most of
hem have "blind" windows. Imaglna-
;lon windows are placed on the side
walls, with lintels, ledges and sl'ls, and
he builder feels that he has done his
Ever notice your dog walk round and
ound In a circle before he lies down?
res, of course. Why does he do that?
'Cnow of any reason why he should go
hrough that unvarying form? Well,
hat dog's forefathers and the fore-
athers of all the digs, big and little,
tarted that practice. They had to beat
ut a bole In the snow or grass before
hey could get a comfortable bed. Then,
oo, your dog sits with his nose on his
paws, you don t know why. Neither
loes your dog. But he's simply follow
ing Instinct. His or g parents away back
n the dim dog ages had to keep their
loses clean for the scent, and they
never let them touch the dust or snow.
There's the cat. Clean beast, the
at. Always washing herself. That's
ecause cleanliness runs in the cat fam
ily. The first cat had to be a mighty
mmaculale feline, physically, or her
prey would have scented her and kitty
A-ould have gone hungry. And so it
oes throughout. The man and the
rute beasts are on an equality In
the matter of following a blind custom.
-New Tork Herald.
The Why.
In describing her visit to one of the
nlsslon schools of Aft Ira, Miss Kings.
ey tells of a ntgro of 12 to whom she
ddressed the question; "What are you
"Eberyt'lng," replied the child.
"What do you know?" asked the
young woman.
"Eberyt'lng," was the snswer,
"You are the very person I've been
looking for," said Miss Klngsley; "now
tell me why you are black."
"Certainly. I'm black because my
pa's pa's pa ssw Noah without bis
clothes on." New Tork Tribune.
"When my wife buys a fit hat Kbe
says It will last ber three ream,''
"That's cheap enough."
Tea; but every season she gets fa
worth of now trimmings to put on It"