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About The Sioux County journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1888-1899 | View Entire Issue (May 18, 1899)
SIOUX CO. JOURNAL
Norfolk, Neb. The Congregational
tsta Jre planning to build an addition
to their church. Thi has been made
necessary owing to the growing popu
lation ef the rltjr and the increase in
David City, Neb. Anton Krchnavy. a
priaoner in the county Jail on the
charge ef insanity, committed suicide
by saturating the bed clothing with
kerosene, wrapping himself up and
setting fire to it- When the Are was
discovered he was dead.
Jackson, Neb. A cloudburst west of
here caused Elk creek to overflow, a
part of the town being flooded. Elk
street, the main business street, is a
rushing torrent. One house near the
creek was washed away. No other
damage was done. There are some
flooded cellars and gardens.
Oakland, Neb. The Swedish Luther
ans at this place are celebrating their
thirtieth anniversary. They own an
elegant properly valued at 119,000. The
membership. Including communicants
and noncommunicants, numbers up
wards of 400, this being the strongest
church organization in Burt county.
uarnson, rieo. ueorge Meister. the
20-year-old son of Conrad Meister, corn
milted suicide. The weapon used was
a double-barrel shotgun, the first shot
taking effect in the youth's head and
killing him instantly. The young man
wa just recovering from typhoid fever
and despondency is supposed to be the
cause of the act.
Dixon, Neb. Funk's general store Is
being removed from Dixon to Lowell.
Z. T. Funk & Son have their head
quarters at Laurel, but about six
months ago established a branch store
In Dixon, putting A. L. Webb in charge.
This remove! leaves Dixon with only
two general stores.
Emerson, Neb. This section was vis
ited by a terrific hailstorm, accompa
nied by wind. Half the window lights
In every building in town were broken.
Hailstones as large as walnuts fell for
over an hour. A cyclone passed to the
north of the town.
Blair, Neb. At a special election held
here to vote 131.000 bonds for the pur
pose of erecting a new school building,
the bonds were carried, the vote stand
ing 223 for and 135 against. With a
$40,000 public building and a $32,000
school house in course of erection, busi
ness will be lively in Blair for the next
Osmond, Neb. On May 9. the house
of William Huwald. south of town two
miles, was struck by lightning, badly
Injuring a son who was occupying a
room upstairs. The bolt came down the
chimney and into the cellar, where a
terrific explosion occurred, tearing out
several joists and one sill, also badly
splintering the floor in the room occu
pied by Mr. Howell and his wife. At
the farm of Nelson Rasmussen, north
west of town, his barn was struck by
lightning and a valuable horse killed.
A. J. Kladek of the same neighborhood
lost four 2-year-old steers in the same
Homer, Neb. A cloudburst did much
damage in and near Homer. An area
twenty miles square surrounding Ho
mer was nbmerged. In the town alone
twenty families were driven from theit
homes to the hills. In the streets wa
ter was six feet deep. Thousands of
acres of seeded land was flooded and
much stock drowned. Railway traffic
Is abandoned and all wires down In the
section. There were no known fatali
ties. At Coburn Junction the wind was
cyclonic. A strip of seventy feet of
track between the junction and Pender
was torn from the right of way. The
trains on the entire Nebraska division
ef the road north of Emerson, includ
ing the Bloomfleld, Hartington and
Newcastle branches, have been aban
doned. Wjrmore Is making big preparations
for Southeastern Nebraska and Inter
state reunion, which Is to be held here
August 11-26. A large force of men
bare been put to work retting the park
In fine condition and everything I
moving In a manner which Indicates
that the reunion of this year will eclipse
all previous efforts. More than 11,000
has been subscribed by the citizens to
be expended In entertaining visitors,
and this, with the large amount which
will be realised from privileges, will be
need In securing prominent speakers,
good bands and other amusements. At
meeting held here recently hy aeie
gates from all over the district the fol
lowing council of administration was
annotated, whose duty it will be to
took after the reunion: Nemaha, T. J.
Majors, Peru; Richardson, J, Hutch'
tags, rails City; Johnson. M. B. C.
"True, Tecumeeb; Pawnee, John Prow
at. Burchard; Saline. S. D. Davis,
Wilber; Jefferson. Captain Charles An
arews, I'.eel City; Oage. John A. Forbes.
Beatrice. Local committees have been
elected, tM members of which win de
vote their Usae from now until August
to saaktna the reunion a big success.
Germany makes an excellent brand of
batch" whtaky. which finds a ready
gala la laCtw
ksa oaly l.M persona who
C awn than a year
Cla Crtat aaa
t C rU la Apr,
OTIS SAYS END IS HEAR
COMPLETES PLANS FOR DEATH
BLOW TO FILIPINOS.
American Commander Hopes
Crush Organized Power of En
emy and Secure Surrender.
Washington, D. C (Special.) Gener
al Otis has practically completed prep
arations for a movement which, if suc
cessful, will be the master stroke of
the campaign against the insurgents.
Reinforcements have been sent to Gen
eral MacArthur, who is disposing his
troops, and General Law ton has moved
his column from Balinag and Maasln
to a strategic position. The whole pur
pose of these movements is to surround
the 9,000 Insurgents believed to be en
trenched at Bacolor, crush the organ
ized forces and make prisoners of all
who are not killed in battle.
Bacolor Is southwest of San Fernan
do, where Genera MacArthur's head
quarters are established, and is on the
line of the railroad. It is connected
with San Fernando by. a wogan road.
MacArthur is expected to send a col
umn to the west of Bacolor, retaining
his main position in the north, and
General Lawton is believed to so have
moved his column as to protect com
munication with Manila and at the
same time flank the insurgents at Ba
color on the east. General Luna's com
mand, which was last reported at Mex
ico, will be taken care of, it Is thought,
by a few troops making a demonstra
tion In their front
It is because of the necessity of hav
ing a strong force for this present
movement that General Otis has not
withdrawn the volunteers from MacAr
thur's and Lawton's commands prepar
atory to shipping them home. As a re
sult of the arrival of the Twenty-first
infantry and light battery E of the
First artillery, thirty-nine officers and
1.451 enlisted men in all, it has been
possible for General Otis to send rein
forcements to General MacArthur and
at the same time maintain a sufficient
ly strong force at Manila to prevent
the insurgents to the southward from
trying to carry it by assault.
An encouraging feature of the present
movement is the fact that to the south
ward of Bacolor Is the Macabebe coun
try, whose Inhabitanteare friendly to
the Americans, and tbe Rio Grande
river, upon which are a number of
army gunboats which will be useful
in maintaining communication and at
the same time attacking any insurgent
bodies that may come within range of
"It Is because of tbe preparations fc-i
the proposed movement," said a prom
lnent official, "that we have had little
news from General Otis. President
Schurmann has not cabled the state de
partment since his message of last Fri
day, but we suppose that he and his
colleagues have held further confer
ences with Aguinaldo's emissaries re
gardlng the governmentw hlch will be
given to the Filipinos. With the in
surgent army at Bacolor destroyed and
Its members captured, Agutnaldo and
his subordinates will no doubt be more
eager to obtain the concessions the
United States is willing to give them
than they now appear to be."
FOUR REGIMENTS OF REGULARS
War Department Arranges to Re
New Tork. (Special.) A special to
the Tribune from Washington says;The
war department Is preparing to send
four regiments of regulars to Manila
by way of New Tork city and the Suez
canal, utilizing for the purpose the
transports Thomas, Meade and Logan,
which are to be permanently transfer-
red from the Atlantic to the Pacific
fleet. These vessels will, it Is thought,
transport the Seventh and Nineteenth
regiments of Infantry and the First and
Seventh regiments of artillery, although
some otner commana may oe suDsmut-
ed for one of these before their sailing
On the Pacific coasts two more regi
ments, the Sixth and Sixteenth Infant
ry, will start for Manila this month
The former will leave San Francisco
on the Sherman on May 22 and the lat
ter on the Grant a week later.
Within a week It is believed thai
General Otis will be In position to begin
sending home the volunteers from the
Philippines by every available steamer
Important reinforcements which left
San Francisco April 18 and 29 are about
due to reach him.
Trip a Record Breaker.
Washington, D. C (Special.) The
trip of the Hancock across the Pacific
was a record-breaker. Up to this time
the record was twenty-eight days. The
Sherman made the eastward trip and
the Seneca and Scandia the western
trip In that period of time. The time
of tbe Hancock was twenty-two days,
and the vessel covered tbe entire dls-
tance across the Pacific without a stem
being the first one of tbe transports to
accompllsh that feat. The success ol
the Hancock has decided the depart-
ment to do away with the usual stop
at Honolulu haftr in th. rnmM f .11
transports having coal canacltv sum.
dent to make the 7.0M mile trip from e -
Ban Francisco to Manila
Washington. D. C The remains of
Colonel H. C. Egbert, which arrived
here Wednesday from Manila, were In
tarred at Arlington cemetery with mil
Itary honors. All the available troops
hi the vicinity at Washington were or.
larai eat by the war department and
army officers were
oa the ftsaaral
CALLS IT RACE PREJUDICE.
Bishop Hood Talks Boldly of Con
dltions In the bouth.
New York. especial.) At the Afro
American Methodist Episcopal confer
ence, Ilight Rev. J. W. Hood, LL. D.,
presiding biBhop of tbe New Tork an
nual conference, delivered the annual
iddress, taking as bis subject the"State
it the Country." In the course of hip
remarks the bishop referred to the re
cent lynching! in the south, saying: "1
boldly assert that these outrages orig
inate in the deep-seated race hate In
the communities where they occur. If
there are black men so beastly as to be
guilty of the horrid crime of which
they are often charged, that Is no ex
cuse for the lynching bee, because in
any clear case against the black man,
punishment is certain and swift by
legal process. There are no vexatious
delays in his case.
"I am entirely satisfied that some
negroes have been legally put to death
who were innocent of crime. If the ne
gro escapes he must prove himself In
nocent beyond the shadow of a doubt
am entirely satisfied that in some
jases the crime charged had no founda
tion in fact, but was made up for the
purpose of Justifying the race hate.
"A peculiar kind of politics is at the
bottom of these outrages;, politics
which has for its purpose the denial to
the Llack man of the civil and political
rights which are enjoyed by others. In
most cases the pretense that there is
any other cause for them is a sham, a
deception, a fraud."
NEGRO HAS HIS BURDEN.
Bishop Grant Addresses Confer
ence on Race Trouble.
New York. (Special.) Bishop Abram
3rant's address on "Negro" was a fea
ture of the African Methodist Episcopal
Sew Jersey conference at Orange. The
bishop said. In part:
The white man has no burden in
America that the nesro has not. I
rust and believe tbjii the time will socn
rome when all reference to color w s'A be
obliterated; when white men and ne
rroes alike will be referred to in the
pulpit and press es men.
"Whenever this covntry has had
rouble with a foreign foe the negro has
aever failed to answer the call to duty.
ind if we can face shot and shell lo
;elher and bear the burden of the w htie
nan in war we ought to do so in time
jf peace. All the disruptions, strikes
ind troubles of the country have been
.-aused by foreigners, and not by the
segro, and when the negro has been
.-ailed upon he has always aided in
juelllng such difctuibanees.
The troubles In the south are not
Jlscouraglng to me. We are in a tran
sitional state, and can expect such
liingi. These troubles will continue for
i while, but the righteous people will
rise in indignation In time. A few
more cases such as we ha had will
trouse Christians in every state in the
jnlon. who will say that these things
are a disgrace to the nation and mu.it
WILL DISCUSS TRUSTS.
Civic Federation Calls Convention
at Chicago June 26 to 29
Chicago.Ill. (Special. -The civic fed
eration of Chicago today selected Jurn
26 to 29, Inclusive, .. the dates for a
national conference in Chicago to dls-
:tiBS trusts. The call fcr the gathering
states that Its purpose is "to consider
the subject of trusts in their relation to
economic conditions generally. The
iiscusslon will embrace the subjects of
ndustrlal, commercial, labor and trans
tortation combines, their uses and
abuses. These are the paramount prob
lems before the public today, upon the
right solution of which depends the
welfare of all classes. Tbe time is ripe
for a caim and thorough Investigation
ar the entire field, without which legis
lation must fail and tend to Increase
rather than minimize the dangers of
the situation. A full discussion of the
various phases of each subject will be
Tne blg. industrial combinations of
,ne C0Untry will be Invited to send rep
resentatives to discuss tbe problems
ADOPTS MANY RESOLUTIONS.
Westerr. Labor Union Opposes An
nexation, Truete and Injunctions.
Salt Lake City, Utah. (Special.) The
Western Labor union has adopted res
olutions against "government by In
junction," citing the conditions existing
at Wardner, Idaho, as such, with the
additional support of martial law. Pos
tal savings banks were favored, as was
the Issuance of money by the govern
ment alone, and not by "moneyed cor
porations." Government ownership of
public utilities was strongly indorsed.
The Western Federation of Miners
passed a strong resolution against the
annexation of the Philippines, for the
reason that the working classes would
be brought Into competition with the
cheap labor of the Islands and the wage
tandard of tbe country would be there
by lowered. It opposed the Idea that
lne P".ng c.-.se. wou.a ue oenem-
a T lne "" '"reign ir.ae. e.
"" were c"lln uPn
n"1" ' the federation to support
mT ircseis at me pons as a means oi
eir condition. Trusts were
naracierixeo. as a curse to numanuy,
St. Louis, Mo. A special to the Re
public from Eagle Pass, Tex., ssys: A
tornado struck the mining town of
Hondo, in the Sablnas valley, Gray
county. Lawrence McKlnley, son of
the mine superintendent, was killed and
ten men were severely Injurd. A Isrge
boarding house, railroad station, store
and buildings were almost entirely de
molished. Hondo Is about seventy-live
miles southwest of Eagle Pass. It la
the center of tbe C. P. Huntington's
HosloaB oaal aad soke Industries.
TO FIGHT THE TURKS
SYRIANS PLAN A WAR AGAINST
Fired With the Story of Cuba Libra,
They Issue a Call To Arms to
Fight For Liberty.
New Tork. (Special.) Syria has been
proclaimed a free and Independent
state by a revolutionary party which
for three years has been secretly a
work throughout the world.
Mimeograph copies of a call to arm)
were issued by the thousand from the
headquarters of the secret council oi
Junta, not far from the Syrian colony
In Washington street, this city. This
revolutionary party. I was Informed by
Its president, has on its rolls 23.000 men
in this country alone, who are willing
to fight to free syrla from the rule of
the sultan of Turkey.
"Young Syria." as the society
called, is the result of gradual growth
The success of the Cubans. I was li
formed, has Inspired it to take a bild
stand. The members say there wi)
be a "very sick" man In Europe bef?r
long, for they assert they will hpvi-
the funds to equip armies and vessels
The ront line of Syria, with lis
coves am? iniets and thenrlghborlng
ilcs, have been very rnrefully studied
frnrn a stratecic point of view. Th
revolutionists s:iy they have leaders
with mliitaiy training. Agents of th
Junta, directed from the headquarters
In this city, ere active In the rltl-s of
Pyrin, in Ivmdi-n find in Paris. Thou
sands In thv mountainous districts of
Syria are counted upon to flock to the
standard of the liberators.
Pit KIM H K CALL TO ARMS.
All of the thirty members of the Juntn
here had a hand in the praratijn f
tbe call to arms Issued yesterday. The
proclamation i flmply signed "Young
Syria." Toward the end of the docu
ment stress is laid upon the assertion
that the revolutionary society known
as "Young Syria" may lend its co-operation.
When I anked if a similar society fx
luted In Armenia the president smiled
and asked to be excused from talking
upon the matter. He frankly said.
however, that in the event of Syrian
uprisings the sultan would be so busy
attending to "Young Turkey" that he
he would not have time to give much
attention to "Young Syria."
Arabic Is the language in which this
remarkable call to arms In written.
Every member of the Junta wrote a
line or so of It. so that all might be
said to have had a hand In its prepara
tion Nobody In the Washington street col
ony is supposed to know the names of
the members of the Junta. Thc.ee who
are in sympathy with the revolution
ary movement gave only secret support
to "Young Syria," for they fear that if
their sentiments become known the
Turkish government will persecute thtir
relatives in Syria.
Mystery surrounds this Junta, It has
no street and number following its ad
dress, as does the Cuban Junta. Its
mall comes through the postofflce dl
reefed to "Young Syria."
MYSTERIOUS "YO'ING SYRIA."
The president informed me that the
organization had accounts In five banks,
kept In the name of "Young Syria." No
one Is supposed to know where the
Junta meets, although It Is now reputed
to be holding daily meetings. Plans of
campaign actually have been prepared,
and points where munition of war may
be landed as being carefully discussed.
Following Is a translation of the pro
nunctamento issued by the "Young Sy
ria" Jnta In this city. Above It ap
pears the flag adopted by the new re
public. It is headed: "The Patriots'
"To all Syrians throughout the world
Greetings: Ye Syrians, never In the
history of nations has any confedera
tlon of truth and right been so patient
under humiliating circumstances as the
liberty-lovers of Syria, nor has there
ever been people under God's high hea
ven which have borne the yoke of tyr
anny with such abject humility as you.
"How long. O Syrians, are you to re
main trodden In the dust? Vhat, our
countrymen, will be the end of all this
oppression, slavery, overtaxation and
despotic usurpation of man's natural
STRIKE FOR FRF.EDOM.
'Ye Syrians, our wives and daugh
ters, our wood and property have ex
isted but In the sufferance of a tyrant.
seired and devastated at will, the inno
cent killed and the helpless crushed,
until to be a Syrian, whom God cre
ated free and equal to all men of the
civilized world. Is to be worse than a
slave. For how long shall we keep
silent, O countrymen, and for how long
shall we bear the lanh uncomplaining
ly, nor rise to strike in the name of God
"For the first time In a free land.
Young Syria' raises up her voice, but
only after years of silent labor and of
gradual consolidation of ofrces from
every quarter of the United States, the
land of civilization and the bed of free
dom. Now it speaks at Inst as one in
authority. Its confederation is per
fect; Its plans are masterly; Its wealth
is Increasing, and the time for uprising
Is st hand. This Is the reason that
Toung Syria' addresses you. 8h will
come to the rescue or your ensiavea
people, but she needs your instant help,
vour counsel, your Interest. Rise now
and stand abreast with her and do youi
duty to the fatherland snd those you
love If you have a lot or true eyrian
patriots' blood In your veins.
"In the nsme or uoo it is time io save
gyrla. 'YOU NO STRIA.
New Tork May a,
Parts. The Petit Bleu says that lea
members of the republican guard end
four gendarme left fit.Msssrle, Franca
on board th steamer Lafayette last
Tuesday to farm aa escort to bring
Cfwvfua hack to Franca, and that hit
return may he ex posted by the end of '
CONDENSED NaWS NOTES.
The pure food commission will soon
five beer a severe test as to Its purity.
The National bank of Indianapolis,
nd , has been designated as a reserv
The Pacific Mall Steamship compan)
ias declared a dividend of one-half ol
I per cent.
The American Library association, lr
tesslon at Atlanta, Ga.a will elect ofB--ers.
In New Tork bankruptcy court
Charles G. Judson, builder; debts, 1229.
!te; assets, none.
Charles Doyle, Vlrden, 111., was killec
oy a fall of rock in a pit at the Iocs"
Mayor Van Wyck of New Tork hai
i-etoed the New York city rapid transit
The Federal Sewer Pipe company.cap
tal 125.000,000. was incorporated at Do
The transport Buffalo and the batt!
(hip Indiana have gone to the Brooklyn
navy yard for overhauling.
Oblonel Felix A. Mathews, former
United States consul general at Tan
rler, Morocco, has died at Tangier.
The La ton la Jockey club announces
.hat any reputable bookmaker can
lraw In Its spring meeting by paying
J100 per day.
Senator Fairbanks of Indiana will sail
nr Alaska about June 10 to make In
vestigation of the Alaska boundary
Incessant rains have prevailed 1
ermuny since April 30, causing man
lerloua floods. Lleven persons were
Jrowned at Hltterfield.
The Washington papal delegation ha
not yet been advised of the aa-sembllng
jf the consistory at Rome to nominate
Ex-President Harrison has accepted
the place of honorable president of the
iceneral committee of the ecumenical
onference on foreign missions.
The great yarn mill trust Is rapidly
Louisville is claiming the next con
mention of the United Confederate Vet
Hay press machinery manufacturers
save agreed to advance prices 15 to 2!
An asylum for orphan reconcentradot
ias been opened at Matanzas city
More than 700 Cuban stevedores at
Havana are now out on strike for 3c
ents an hour.
Eduoard Remenyi's famous collection
f paintings will be sold to satisfy debts
left by, him.
An Insane customs official at Odessa
aa murdered his five children ano fa
tally wounded his wife.
The commission to pay the Cuban
troops did not meet Thursday, as ex
peeled, owing to resignation of General
Tne Kentucky whisky trust has
bought the stock of J. M. Athertoa
Cincinnati, consisting of 43.000 barrels,
J. W. Smith, an English pug, was
attacked by a mob on the Harrow rac
course, London, and carried off uncon
Admiral Sampson has made his report
an his recent cruise with the North At
John L. Williams & Sons, Richmond,
Va., have bought the property of th
Lexington, Ky., consolidated ra!!wa
companies; price, IMO.OOO.
Tht stove manufacturers are consid
ering a second general advance lr
George V. Burdrlge, manager of th(
Park opera house, Jacksonville, Fla., ii
The Hartranft monument at Harris
burg, Pa., was unveiled Saturday.
The organization of tbe Republic I rot
snd Steel company was perfected Sat
urday at New Tork.
The Baldwin locomotive works has re
ceived an order from the Reading foi
twenty freight locomotives.
Impressive services were held al
Washington Friday at the laying of the
cornerstone of the Hearst school foi
Rev. Dr. Joseph Hartsell of Cincin
nati, American Methodist bishop of Af
rica, has returned to London from Li
beria, The order of the garter has been con
ferred on the Duke of Northumberland,
n succession to the late Duke of Beau
fort. Mrs. Anna Brunet has been arrested
at Taylorville, III., for the murder of
her sister-in-law, Jane Brunet, at Pana.
The treasury department denies
sensational story published in the east
that counterfeiting has been going on
In the basement of the treasury build
London. The London Mall declares
that a group of American and Engllsl
literary agents has formed a syndicate
for the purpose of controlling the futun
productions of Rudyard Kipling.
The Business Mens Republican league
of Pennsylvania has challenged ex-Senator
Quay to run for state treasurer
this fall, to test his statement that thi
people want him at the bead of Penn
New Tork. The annual meeting ol
the American Bible society was hel
today at the bible house. The eighty-
third annual report of the board ol
managers shows: Total receipts, $370,.
084; disbursements, t3M,&2; Invested
funds, I4K.C52. The total Issues for tht
year amount to 1,30,142 copies, mors
than half of which. 710,122 were distrib
uted In other lands.
Toledo, O. Ex-President Cleveland
Captain Robley D. Evans, Judge Har
mon and Prof. John U, Floyd of Cin
cinnati reached Mlddlebas today for
week' fishing. Captain Evan aad tht
remainder of th party refused t talk
ea politics. Ex-Oovemer Foster joined
the aartr here.
HIE POWER OF MUSTS
INDUSTRIAL COMMISSION MAK
Aggregations of Capital Shut Out
Competition by All Meana
Washington, D. C (Speclal.-The
Industrial commission has heard tbe
first witness to be called In connection
with Its inquiry Into the operation of
trusts, he witness was Hon. James W.
Lee of Pittsburg, attorney for several
pipe line and oil companies, and for
merly a state senator of Pennsylvania.
Mr. Lee's testimony was directed espe
cially against the Standard Oil com
pany. Speaking of the effect of trusts upon
the customer, Mr. Lee said the tendency
was to Increase prices until they be
come extortionate. Trusts were organ
ized to secure a monopoly, and when
this was secured by closing up rival
establishments they were in position to
fix prices which were, according to his
observation, generally increased In or
der to permit dividends on watered
stock. This had been eminently true
of the Standard Oil company.
As an illustration be said that when
the Pure Oil company, in which the
witness Is Interested, went Into the
field In New York in lKWi, It found the
Standard selling at a1, cents a gallon.
The price was almost immediately re
duced to &' cents, and had remained
there since, the object being to drive
out the rival.
The first price was Inordinately high,
but the latter was ruinously low, and
while the independent company had
met the reduction It had done so al a
loss. He thought the competition had
resulted In a saving of fully 1,1,000.000
to the people of Greater New York. The
same condition of affairs existed at oth
er competitive points.
Mr. Lee expte&tteU the opinion that
the Standard company was still getting
rebates from the railroad companies,
despite the law, and he thought that
this was actuiiipllsiied by paying ex
orbitant prices for lubricating oil. He
estimated that the Standard company
had within the last twenty years ab
sorbed about 100 independent compa
oles, but that the companies with which
he was connected had refused to sell at
an advance of 12 per cent In cost when
they were about to be closed out by the
sheriff. This refusal had been dictated
largely by sentiment. Now, however,
the independent companies were doing
a profitable business.
He knew of several refineries which
had been purchased by the Standard
company and then had been shut down
He had also heard that men had re
ceived a bonus to remain Idle, but he
had no personal Information on thi
SELLS CHEAPLY ABROAD.
Mr. Lee said the Standard Oil com
pany had made an effort to prevent tbe
extension of the business of the Inde
pendent companies to foreign markets
by buying up the tankage at given
points and by selling at lower prices
than prevailed even In the United
Stales. Still the independent compa
nies were able to co. a le abroad, be
cause In Great Britain and Germany
and in some other countries cornpetl-
tlon was preserved to a greater extent
than in the United States, in Ger
many no one was allowed to do business
at a loss. The profits made abroad
were what enabled the Independent
companies to continue In existence, as
the business in this country alone was
unprofitable. He further expressed the
opinion that the counties In Pennyl-
vsnia which had produced all the oil
In that state, amounting to about 804..
000,000 barrels, were worse off for Its
output. Still, there were some wells
which were largely remunerative, due
to their high degree of productiveness.
As a matter of fact, however, many
of the wells produced very little. Of
the 60,000 wells In operation. 25.000 pro
duced lees than half a barrel a day
each. He thought If there had been
fifty refiners instead of the Standard
company the market would have been
JubI as extensive, the consumer would
have gotten his oil as cheaply and tha
producer would have been much better
"Where has the balance goner' ask
ed Mr. Livingston.
"I think." the witness reolled. "the
Standard Oil company could explain
that. The understanding Is that it has
INJURIOUS TO LABOR.
Mr. Lee was quite confident that tha
general effect of trusts was injurious to
labor, 'the effect was to deprive labor.
ers of competition, of chance for em
ployment when thrown out of work, and
to make them subservient and nourer
Speaking specifically of the Standard
company a treatment of its employes,
ne aaiu iney were well palcj, and a cer
tain class of them received verv hlrh
salaries. Still, the ultimate effect of
any monopoly must be Injurious to
As a means of prevention of trusts.
Mr. Lee suggested a law making de
structive competition a criminal of
fense. He thought the fear of Impris
onment would intimidate some of them.
Nothing had done so much as de
structive competition to prevent nro-
gress and fairness. The law could be
passed by the states, and In case of
prosecution prices charged for years
could be used as evidence. He would
also suggest that the capital of all
corporations, ezcept those of a public
or quasi-public nature, should be lim
ited to 11,000,000.
He thought that something of this
Ind was necessary, and that if a rem.
edy was not found the country would
be ruined by combinations of capital
detrimental to the public Interests. Un.
der the present conditions personal am
bition was lined, and many men were
being kept out of business because of
the existence of these combinations.
The industrial commission has decid
ed to postpone the calling of several
witnesses, In connection with Its In
quiry In to the trusts, who were to have
been heard this week snd next, because
of the fsct thst the commission hss not '
yet completed Its outline of a plan of
Inquiry on this subject.
These witnesses are Henry O. Hsve
meyer. who wss to hsve been heard In
support of the sugar trust, and Messrs.
11' Ar.buckl- J H. Post and Charleo
Desher. In opposition to the trust, who
were to have come on later day. Th
understanding now Is thst all these will
ippear at some time In June.
Inquiry in regard to the operation of
the Standard Oil company ha been de
ferred until September, to permit Pre,
ident Rockefeller of that company t
be present. Mr. Rockefeller content,
plate n early vlsrt to Alaska, aad
the poatponemea was arranged at lis
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