The Sioux County journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1888-1899, May 04, 1899, Image 5

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    CESORT TO BRUTE FORCE
STRIKING MINERS EMPLOY DES
PERATE MEANS.
Non-Union Man Are Forced to Flee
. totha Mountain and the Mill
Destroyed By Explosives.
Spokane, Wash., May J A Wardner.
Idaho, special to the Spokesman-Review
aaya: Wardner haa been the scene
of the worst rlota since the deadly labor
war of 1892.
One man la dead, another la thought
to be mortally wounded and property
valued at 8250.000 hag been destroyed
by giant powder and fire.
The damage was done by union men
and sympathizers from West Canon
creek, west twenty-Hve miles from
Wardner.
This morning a mob of from 800 to
1,000 men, all of them armed and many
of them masked, seized a train at
Burke, ' the head of Canon creek.
There were nine box cars and a pas
senger coach and they were black with
the mob. The visitors brought with
them 3,000 pounds of giant powder.
After a parley of two hours, HO
masked men, armed with Winchesters,
Burke In the lead and Wardner follow
Ing, started with jells for the Bunker
Hlil mid Sullivan mill and other build
ings, a third of a mile from the depot.
They sent pickets ahead and one of the
pickets fired a Knot as a signal that
the mill was abandoned.
This was misunderstood by the main
body of the mob, who imagined thai
non-union miners In the hills had
opened fire on them, and they began
firing on their own pickets. About 1.0O0
shots were thus exchanged bet win
the rioters and their pickets, and Jack
Smith, one of the pickets, formerly of
British Columbia, and a noted figure
In drill contests, was shot dead. The
fatal error was discovered after a few
seconds' firing, and Smith' body
brought down from the hillside.
By this time the strikers had taken
possession of the Hunker 11111 and Sul
livan mill, which I hey found deserted,
ptoyes not to risk their lives by battling
with the mob.
Powder was called for, and sixty
fifty-pound boxes were carried from the
depot to the mill. The heaviest charge
was placed under the brick office build
ing. Other charges were plai ed around
the mill. Then th boarding house, a
frame structure, was burned. Fuses
leading to the chatges were lighted and
the strikers, carrying the dead body of
the picket, retired to a safe d. stance.
At 2;SH p. m. the Hist blnft went off.
U Rhook the groiiml for miles, and
buildings In Wardner, two miles away,
trembled. At Intervals of about sixty
seconds four other charges went off,
the fifth btng th largest and com
pletely demolishing the mill.
The loss to the bunker Hill and Sul
livan company is estimated at from
1250,000 to IWHOOO.
In a few minutes the strikers went,
back to the station, the whistle was
blown for stragglers, the mob soon
climbed aboard, arid at 3 o'clock. Just
three hours after Ms arrival, the team
pulled out for Cnon Creek.
During the fuslUcle from the guns
of the mnb Jim t'havne. a BunkT Hill
and Sullivan mill man, was severely
shot through the hips. It la reported
that he. was carried off by the strikers,
find his wound Is probably fatal.
J. J Rogers, a stenographer In the
employ of the company, was shot
through the lip. but his wound is trivial
The 2tQ non-union miners at the Hun
ker Hill and Sullivan mill had warning
of the coming of the mob and left the
mine and look to the htlls They have
not been seen since.
Union men winking In the I-ast
Chance left the mine this afternoon,
presumably to take pari to the riot.
Portland, Ore.. May 2 An agent of
the Oregon Hallway A Navigation
company telegraphed the ofllclals in
this city from Wardner, Idaho, that the
striking miners had fired the Bunker
Hill and Sullivan mill, and mat It was
burning.
It is claimed that the mine Is loaded
with Hvnamltji. and If this nroves true
the entire property will be a tolal loss.
The striking miners are also reported
to be In possession of the Northern Pa
cific and Oregon Hallway & Navigation
trains and hold complete control of the
situation.
There are about 100 masked men
heavily armed at and about the mill,
and there have been several skirmishes
with the authorities, during one of
which one man Is reported shot.
There are fully MKi miners at ward
Mr. They an forming to go to the
mine In a body and drive out the 2.70
non-union men employed there.
Railroad officials have notified the
governor of Idaho of the situation, and
the secretary of state has dis
patched aid to the scene of the trouble.
The governor has promised to do every
thing In his power to preserve order
and prevent bloodshed, but It Is be
lieved that unless prompt steps are
taken there will h great loss of life
and destruction of property.
Since the telegram from President
Mohler was received the strikers have
cut the wires and telegraphic communi
cation with Wardner Is now cut off
The present strike In the Coeur
d'Alene mining district In Northern
Idaho was Inaugurated about ten days
go, and is directed princ ipally against
the Hunker Hill and Sullivan mine at
Wardner, where non-union men are em
ployed. The demands of the miners for
Increased wages were met by mine
owners, but the miners demand that
the union be recognized and that tioti
Wilon men be discharged.
This the mine owners refused to do,
Md the tjjst Chance mine closed down
The Bunker Hill and Hulllvan. however,
continued to run with non union men
Ulttll today, when they were driven out
fey an armed body of union men
The Bunker Hill and Hulllvan mine if
dosed. When It will be reopened Is a
thing that nobody can say. With the
Mill wrecked It Is Impossible to handlf
the ore produced st the mine woik
tags. The Last Chance Is likewise
flloMd down. It has been getting power
n.,r,i,,.r 1 1 1 1 1 mine, find I lit'
twin ui .
Msnructlon or inose worn win '"
lately prevent the Last Chance from
Working for the next three months, m
M1 Its own compressor' Is completed
Keanwhlle the total working force ol
um town is lata on.
Tm wrecking of the mill riant In
volve the livelihood of o men in-
ttMker Hill mine up to the time or tn
trika had been working aw men mm
tea mill ninety, while the Last Chance
WUwXher, employed iW
MR. YERKES TO MOVE.
Street Railway Magnate la Dlgustea
with Chicago.
Chicago. Ill, May 8. Charles T.
Terkes Is preparing to leave this cltgr
and make his home In New York. When
he came here thirteen years ago he had
840.000; he Is now worth 112,000.000.
Beside this he has spent 15,000,000 on
bis New York and Chicago homes, his
art colectlon and his famous telescope.
In other words, the Chicago Traction
companies, which he controls, have con
tributed to him more than 11,500,000
every year he has spent In Chicago.
Millions upon mlllons have been paid
In dividends and the stocks are on the
top swell.
The 840,000 which Mr. Yerkes had In
1886 he is credited with expanding into
M.200,000 of North Chicago street rail
way stocks and bonds, t5.600.000 in the
West Chicago stocks and bonds. 82,300.
100 of Lake Street Elevated stock and
ponds, and 12,000.000 of the Columbia
Construction company's stocks and
bonds.
The negotiations for consolidation and
transfer are practically settled. The
property to be taken over comprises the
North Chicago. West Chicago, Consoli
dated Traction and Lake Street Ele
vated railways.
The syndicate which will control the
properties Is composed of New York
men. Chicago will be Interested 25 per
cent. It is said the prices agreed upon
are $125 a share for the West Hide
stock and JliOO for North Side. West
Side closed today at 108; North Side,
8237.
The city railway people are holding
their stock for more money than the
syndicate desires to pay. The amount
of money re-nilred for the deal Is about
8100.000,000. Mr Yerkes has been es
pecially discontented here since the re
cent franchise fight. In which he quit
a loser. Mrs Yerkes has been disgusted
with Chicago for ten years and spends
most of her time away from the city.
SENATOR HOAR ON TRUSTS.
Says Evil Can Be Overcome- Only
by Congressional Autlon.
Boston. Mass., May ?,. A farewell
dinner was given at the Massachusetts
olub to Senator Hoar, who Is about to
leave for Europe.
When the speechmaklng began Sena.
tor Hoar was received with great ap
the manager having directed his em
plause He first referred very briefly
to his attitude on imperialism, assert
ing that he had nothing to apologize
,'or and nothing to lake bac k Mr. Hoar
hen took up the question of increasing
:rad and combinations of capital In
:he United Slates
He spoke of the rapidity with which
'nrtunes were being made, unearned by
(hose who gained them, and the loss
)f fortunes by those who once had
.hem. and characterized this as a lime
if rapid fortunes, "unearned and uncle
erved In so many cases by those who
rot them." Continuing, Senator Hoar
said:
"Massachusetts has Irnwn lse safe
guarda about her manufacturing con
erns and corporations it wns right
hat she did. In dealing with cor
porations In one of the states of the
union or a foreign state this stale was
powerless. Deny a charter to a cor
poraton In this state and It goes to
New Jersey. The matter must be dealt
with by congress. There are two sep
arate powers, the state and the power
without the state.
"That difficulty has prevented any
efficient dealing with the trusts. The
danger Is that they will be attacked
In an unwise socialistic way, so that
the secretary will perish at the same
time. It Is this problem that the states
manship of this country is -to be di
rected." He said that he believed In a genera.1
way that the transaction ot th
business of the country by the great
corporations was best for the people.
TO ADVOCATE 8-HOUR DAY.
Three Thousand Worklngmen at
Mass Meeting In New York.
New York, May 3. An army of labor
ing men set the east side astir tonight
In a demonstration to enforce their de
mand for a day of eight hours' work.
About 3,000 men, representing nearly
every branch of Industry, gathered at
various points, and after parading to
their hearts' content, marched to Union
Square, where a mass meeting was
held.
In all eighty lalmr organizations,
members of the central federation
union, participated in the parade.
Many speeches were made and reso
lutions were adopted that the working
men and women of the city of New
York render all assistance In their
power, both morally and financially, to
all those who are endeavoring to better
the condition of their co-workers In re
durlng the hours of labor In their re
spective trades, Irrespective of creed,
color or nationality, and that a request
be made to Governor Hoosevelt to sign
the eight-hour law passed at the last
session of the legislature.
INDIANA MINER'S TROUBLES.
Wage Question Forces 2,000 Men
Out on a Strike.
Evansvllle, lnd.. May 2. Two thou
sand coal miners of Southen Indiana
are practically on strike because the
miners claim the operators have failed
to grant the increase due them. Six
mines near this city will be closed
down together with the mines at
Princetown, Jacksonville, Petersburg,
Hartwell, Little, Hlackburn, Bonneville,
Chandler and TennyBon. Fred Dll
cher, a member of the national execu
tive committee of the United Mine
Workers, said today the striking min
ers would be fed by the state organiza
tion, so there Is no fear of destitution.
The operators have given out that they
are willing to close down for six
months, as this Is a dull season and
some of the mines are already being op.
erated at a loss.
Wheel Truat May Fall.
Indianapolis, lnd., May 2 It was an
nounced here late this afternoon that
tho bicycle trust may not be perfected
Charles F. Smith, owner of the Indiana
bicycle company, which was to hav
been sold to the trust for 8800,000 cash,
announces that he has withdrawn and
that the Western wheel works of Chi
:ago, together with two or three other
large factories, will not sell to th
:rust. It Is understood that after hav
ng met the promoters, the dissenting
company decided that It would prefer
to run Independently. The sale of th
Indiana bicycle company was to havs
Included the motor cycle department
Which was recently added.
Rev, Dr. Joseph Silverman preached
Sunday at Temple Israel, New York,
on "Modern Barbarism," referring to
the Georgia lynohlngs.
IT'S COPPER BOTTOMED
ROCKEFELLER'S BOO MILLION
DOLLAR COPPER COMBINE.
iVtll Control the Supply For tha
United States and England-Wild
Scramble For the Stock.
New York. May 3 While every ef-
'ort Is being made by the promoters of
:he copper combination to conceal the
identity of the mines which are to be a
part of the great combination formed
Thursday In Trenton, with a capitaliza
tion of 875,000,000. the Post-Dispatch if
able to state on excellent authority that
the first section of the trust which is
eventually to have a capitalization of
(400,000,000 or 8500,000,000 Is composed of
the Anaconda, the Parrot mines and the
Washoe Smelting company of Butte,
Mont., which has Just constructed new
melting works at Butte which have a
capacity for treating 1.500 tons of cop
per ore a day. It Is stated on authority
squally good that the entire holdings of
Marcus Daly and J. B. Haggin in the
Anaconda mine have passed Into the
control of the Rockefeller trust, but
that the services of these two men,
jwing to their great experience in cop
per mining, have been retained at large
salaries.
The second section of the trust, It is
t-xpected, will be formed later In the
spring and it will be also have a capi
talization of about J75.0O0.000. It was
ntended to Include the Boston and
Montant mine in the first section, but
jn account of the fact that litigation
among the stockholders has not been
juite cleared up, the plan was
abandoned for the time being and that
mine will head the second section. which
will include probably the Montana Ore
Purchasing company, the Butte and
Boston and the Tamarack mines.
Up to the present time the Rockefeller
yndlcate has spent 8172.000,000 In cash
;o obtain the controlling Interest in the
mines, which they expect to include in
'uturo sections of th giant comblna
:lon. It Is possible that the third sec
tion of this great combination will be
devoted to the development of the
Rockefeller properties In the Lake Su
perior district. In connection with this
section th-re Is a plan to develop also
ihe Great Lake Transportation mines,
n which Mr Rocke feller Is largely in
terested, with a view to getting the ores
to the seaboard at lower rates than the
railroads will be able to make, and
which would give the monopoly very
much greater advantage than the com
peting mines could have.
They would, perhaps, be able to offer
their products at the seashore 3 cents
i pound cheaper than their competitors
nd as they would be able to supply the
entire demand for copper in this coun
try and In England, the markets would
practically be closed to the small con
:erns, just as the petroleum markets
if the world have been closed by the
Rockefellers to their competitors.
The scheme of the copper combination
is modeled after that which has been
consistently followed by the Standard
Oil company for years and bears evi
dence all through of the Standard Oil
trust's methods. The Idea Is to conceal
from the public, and even from the
stockholders of the new concern, as
much as possible, for some time at least,
tho identity of the mines controlled, as
in the Standard Oil company. An
nouncements will be made from time to
time what the earning 'capacity of the
trust Is expected to be and what divi
dends may be expected by the stock
holders. The public will not be let in
the secret of the management, and will
be expected to accept without question
the statements of the mysterious con
trolling agencies Just as the stockhold
ers of the Standard Oil trust are com
pelled to do.
Notwithstanding this fact, there was
a wild scramble In Wall street for the
rights to subscribe for the new stock.
The syndicate rights were over-subscribed
before the Incorporation of the
trust by 817,000,000, the subscriptions
being 832,000,000, while the capital stock
was limited to 875,000,000.
In the outside market these subscrip
tions, wnlchrare to be Issued at par cl
8100 were 8130 bid and 8135 asked.
VINEGAR COMBINE COMPLETE
Price of Yeast Wll Be Nearly
Doubled as a Result.
Chicago, 111., May 3. After the middle
of May there will be but one vinegar
factory in Chicago the output of which
Is not controlled by the American Vine
gar company, which Is being financiered
by Henry Clews & Co., of New York.
Four Chicago companies have given op.
Hons on the purchase of their factories,
an follows: Spielman brothers Co., W.
H. bunge Co., William Hennlng & Co.,
the Prusslng Vinegar Co. The estimated
value of the four Chicago plants Is
81.000.000. After their absorption by the
American Vinegar company that cor
poration will, It Is said, control 95 per
cent of the vinegar and yeast output
In the United States. Forty factories
In various parts r,f the country. In ter
ritory extending from Omaha to boston,
and from Dubuque to Louisville, will be
In the combination. In alt these fac
tories yeast Is an important by-product.
The consolidation of all the Interests
will terminate a four years' war which
haa resulted disastrously to yeast
prices.
- Yeast for some time has been selling
at 10 cents a pound, while the cost of
manufacture Is about IS cents. It is
expected the price of yeast will be
raised to the latter figure. The future
price of vinegar will tie less affected
and may be neither raised nor lowerec"
Largest Ore Refinery.
Montreal, May 3. A syndicate ol
(Canadian and American capitalists will
form a company to erect In Canada
kthe largest ore refinery In the world.
The company is said to have a capital
of 82 000,000, with power to increase it
to 85 000,000.
' Those In the deal Include: ,T. R. Wil
son, Montreal; K. Oobf Penny ,M. P,
Montreal; C. C. Colby, Standstead, Que
bee; It. O. I.eckle.Sudbury ; J. J. Thomp
son, New York, and H. M. Thompson,
managing director Morford Copper com
pany of New Jersey, who are provis
ional directors.
Goer Into the Flour Trust,
Duluth, Minn., May 3. The stock
holders of the Duluth Imperial Mill
company have voted unanimously tr
accept the offer of the United State
Milling company, the flour mill or
ranUatlon recently formed hy Thorns
Mclntyre, and President b. C. Church
left Immediately afterward for New
"York to formally turn the business oi
the company over to tho trust. Th
mill is supposed to have brought 1500.
00.
TO OPEN UTE LANDS.
Last Great Indian Reservation
Thrown Open.
Washington, D. C, May t. Tomorrow
the reservation of the Southern Utes
the last great Indian reservation In
Colorado, will be thrown open to settle
ment. It comprises a tract of about
636,000 acres and includes both valley
and mesa, or uplands. The soils are
the semi-adobe, sandy loam and red
the former peculiarity adapted for the
growth of grain and grasses, while the
soils of others are unequaled for the
growth of vegetables, alfalfa and fruit
trees. Owing to the percentage of gyp
sum in th! bottom lands, the yield of
clover is as high as three and one
half tons to the acre. The plateaus af
ford range for tens of thousands of
head of cattle, horses and sheep, while
the adjacent mining camps supply an
abundant market at good prices. No
prospecting has ever been allowed in
the reservation, though there is every
reason to believe that there are great
mineral deposits there.
The reservation is situated in the
southwestern corner of Colorado, being
bounded by New Mexico and Arizona
on the south and by Utah on tne west.
The act of congress which throws
open these lands for settlement provides
that they shall be subject to entry un
der the desert, homestead and town site
laws, and the laws governing the dis
posal of coal, mineral, sone and timber
lands, but no homestead settler shall
receive a title to any portion of such
lands at less than 81.25 an acre and shall
be required to make a cash payment of
50 cents an acre at the time filing is
made upon any of the lands.
Under the homstead act a man more
than 21 years of age or the head of
a familv. who Is a citizen ot tne unuea
States, can, by filing a description of
the land he wants to occupy at tne
United States land office at Durango,
Polo., and navlne down 50 cents an
acre, get a claim of not more than 160
acres Within s X months he must sei
tie upon the land and at the end of
fourteen months, by proving residence
and paying 75 cents an acre additional
he can get a clear title.
Under the desert land laws persons
filing claims must first get the clear
right to the use of sufficient water to
keeD the proposed claim permanently
Irrigated. Entries under this act are
confined to residents ot tne state oi
Colorado.
Under the timber and stone land laws
any citizen of the United States may
file a claim of not exceeding ISO acres.
It Is necessary, however, that the
claimant personally visit the lands
which he wants to claim, so that he
can make oath as to their condition.
There is already a lage gathering of
settlers waiting for the opening day,
though the requirements as to cash
payments have somewhat discouraged
the professional "boomer "
Some parties of "sooners" are re
ported to have .left Oklahoma and In
dian Territory for Colorado. These
men are professional boomers and made
the run into Oklahoma lands when they
were opened. The Ute reservation Is
comparatively a small one and there
will be few chances for good claims by
any not already on the ground. The
land Is said to be fertile, but as Is the
case with all reservations. It Is probably
better now than when the settlers oc
cupy It.
AGAIN A HAPPY BRIDE.
Mrs. Jessie Sloan Wedded to Perry
Belmont.
New York, May 2. Mrs. Jessie A.
Sloane, granted a divorce from Henry
T. Sloane In the morning, was married
to Perry Belmont at 8:30 In the even
ing of the same day.
Mr. De Lancey Nicoll, counsel for
Mrs. Sloane. announced the marriage of
bis client and Mr. Belmont.
"The ceremony," he said, "was per
formed by the Rev. Walter M. Barrows
In the parsonage of the Second Congre
gational church at Greenwich, Conn.,
at 8:30 tonight. Mr. Belmont and Mrs,
Sloane were In the city when the de
cree was anonunced. They met at the
Orand Central station, but Mr. Belmont
preceded Mrs. Sloane to Greenwich.
"They will pass through New York
en route for Washington, where they
will visit Mrs. S. S. Howland. a sister ol
Mr. Belmont. Then they will go south
to inspect Mr. Belmont's horses.
"By Mr. Belmont's request, his wife
has conveyed to the State Trust com
pany the house at 9 East Seventy-second
street and all its contents, with
power to convey It to Mr. Sloane, or, if
he declines to accept it. to sell it and
devote the proceeds to the benefit of his
children.
"Of the decree you know what Is to
be known. I may say that the referee
was William L. Turner. He was ap
pointed about March 25. There were
three hearings before him. There was
no defense by Mrs. Sloane. This Is
really all there Is to say about the
matter."
Mrs. Sloane has long been considered
nne of ihe most beautiful women In
New York society. She was formerly
Miss Jessie Bobbins of Brooklyn.
Mr. Belmont has taken a prominent
position In public, affairs for more than
twenty years. He was first elected to
congress In 1880 and served for four
terms. He was appointed minister to
Spain by President Cleveland In 1888,
He was opposed to the silver plank in
the democratic platform in the last
presidential election and took a lead
ing part In the formation of the In
diana political movement. He Is presl.
dent of the democratic club of this city
and he recently presided at the famous
810-a-plate Jeffersonian banquet.
His discussion with William Jennings
bryan and the correspondence that
passed between them about democracy
are still fresh In the public mind.
BRIGHT PROSPECTS FOR TIE-UP
Indications Point to an Agreement
by Western Roads.
Chicago, 111., May 3. So far as they
have yet gone, discussions among the
western roads In connection with the
framing of a new agreement for the
Western Passenger association have
been gone through, and no objection
has as yet been urged to their adoption.
Surface Indications, If they can be
depended upon, warrant the presump
tion that the revised agreement will go
through, with all the roads parties to
It. Provisions relating to the organiza
tion and government of the varloui
bureaus have yet to be taken up, and
there is where danger of difference of
opinion exists. Some hope has been
expressed that the whole document will
be ready for adoption by next Wednes
day, when the meeting will resume Iti
deliberations, but this is too sanguine
a view to take of the matter. Some ol
the roads will not be prepared to voU
finally by that time. At present there
la every Indication of a strong agree
men swing adopted.
OVERPOWER FILIPINOS
AQUIN ALDO'S ARMY FORCED TO
THE FEET OF AMERICANS.
The United States Refuses to Re
cognize a Philippine Congress--Hostilities
Temporarily Cease.
Manila, P. I., May 2. Lieutenant
Colonel Wallace of the Montana regi
ment and Brigade Surgeons Shields and
Adams, three volunteer hostages for the
safety of the insurgent commission,
have returned from Santa Tomas, the
headquarters of General Luna, Filipind
commander, eight miles north of Cal
umpit. They report that General Luna Is
greatly discouraged and the insurgents
demoralized. Few preparations for re
sistance of the American advance are
being made.
General Luna said he was astoniBhed
by the great valor displayed by the
Americans in crossing the Rio Grande.
He expressed a high admiration for
Colonel Funston, whose daring work
made the movement successful.
Major General Otis and Admiral
Dewey, at a second conference with
the insurgent commission decided not
to grant an armistice. This decision
Is universally commended.
The Herald pigeons which have been
bringing the news of the battle were
loaned by a compania general, De Ta
uaeo of Manila. JOHN F. BASS.
NO CESSATION OF HOSTILITIES.
Washington, D. C, May 2. General
Otis cabled the war department that
the conference with the Filipinos has
terminated. He says they wanted
three weeks In which to allow their con
gress to decide whther hostilities should
cease. The proposition was declined.
The representatives retired to the in
surgent lines. General Otis says the
Insurgents are tired of fighting, and are
no doubt seeking the best terms.
In another cable General Otis ex
presses thanks to the president for his
appreciation of the work of the army
in the Philippines.
It Is stated at the war department
that the insurgents probably will con
fer and seek another conference with
General Otis, and that the general will
no doubt grant general amnesty.
The full text of the dispatches from
General Otis are as follows:
Manila, April 29. Adjutant General,
Washington: Conference with in
surgent representatives terminated
this morning. They request cessation
of hostilities for three weeks to enable
them to call their congress to decide
whether toi continue the prosecution of
the war or propose terms of peace.
Proposition declined and full amnesty
promised on surrender. Believe insur
gents are tired of war, but seek to se
cure terms of peace through what they
dominate their representative congress.
OTIS.
Manila, April 29. Adjutant General,
Washington: The congratulations of
his excellency, the president, for which
all are grateful, will be conveyed as di
rected. OTIS.
War department officials are much
gratified with the tone of the reply of
General Otis to the Filipino delegation.
It is considered as comporting with
the dignity of the United States. Those
officials In the administration circles
say it would not be possible for the
United States to recognize the existence
of the Filipino congress or a Filipino
government. It Is believed that when
General Otis' reply is communicated to
the Filipino commanders they will a.sk
another conference, with the expecta
tion of arranging favorable terms of
peace. It Is said at the war department
that it Is not likely any further conces
alons than that of general amnesty will
oe made. Peace and freedom, it Is be
ieved, will appeal more strongly to the
Filipino army than any argument
Agulnaldo and his officers may make.
Meanwhile it is the belief of the offi
cials at the war .departmen that if
the Filipino generals unduly protract
the negotiations, wholesale desertions
an the part of their men are looked for.
General Lawton Is expected to con
tinue his movement toward joining
forces with MacArthur, according to the
original program, as soon as his sol
diers have recovered from the strain
of their forced march through the Jun
gle, and this Junction probably will be
ffected by Tuesday of next week at
the latest. If by that day the insur
gents have not laid down their arms,
the American forces at the front will
tie strong enough to resume the cam
paign with great vigor and to press for
ward along the line of the railroad
northward, even as far as San Fer
nando, the latest capital of the insur
gents. WHAT THE FILIPINOS WANT
Junta Outlines the Terms on Which
Peace Can Be Restored.
London, May 2. Members of the Fili
pino Junta here made the statement to
the Associated Press correspondent that
the peace negotiations between the
United States authorities at Manila and
Seneral Luna were unofficial in char
icier. General Luna, the Junta asserts,
does not represent Agulnaldo's govern
ment. It Is further asserted by the
junta that secret negotiations between
liean 0. Worcester of the United States
Philippine commission and a repre-
jentatlve of Agulnaldo have been In
progress since before the attack on
Malolos. The following conditions, It
I aileged. were proposed after the cap-
lure of Malolos. The Americans to Is
sue a proclamation granting the Fili
pinos self-government and political,
civil and religious rights similar to
those enjoyed by the people of Canada;
the Filipinos to control international
mercantile relations; Americans and
Filipinos to enjoy equal rights In the
Islands; Manila to remain In the pos
session of the United Slutes until con
gress decides otherwise; the Ameri
can flag to fly over the capitals of the
Islands and In the most prominent po
sitions along with the Filipino flag, ex
cept at Manila, where only the Ameri
can flag shall fly; all vessels to fly the
American flag with that of the Filipi
nos; the Roman Catholic clergy to be
under the same administration as in the
United Slates; Spanish clerical direc
tion and Intervention to be abolished;
the status quo of rural property belong
ing to thp religious orders to be main
tained without return to the antebellum
state of affairs; hospitals and schools
formerly administered by the orders to
be handed over to the government,
the orders to retain only their present
town property; the secular clergy to re
tain their propety.
The Junta asserts that Agulnaldo, In
view of these proposals, withdrew from
ifAlalolos, but that General Otis' procla
roptlon after the occupation of Malolos
(ailed to grant self-government on th"
proposed lines. This, Is Is further as
serted, caused the hostilities following
the capture of Malolos.
BEEF INQUIRY CLOSED.
Soard Finds That Soldlera of Lata
War Shouldn't Have Complained.
Washington, D. C. May 3. The Wade
court of inquiry has concluded its work
n connection with the allegations of
3eneral Miles concerning the beef sup
plied to the army during the war with
Spain. The report was signed at 2:30
p. m. by every member of the board;
and soon afterward the members of the
?ourt left the Lemon building, where
all the meetings in this city have been
held.
Colonel Davis, the recorder of the
court, carried the official copy of the
findings to the war department, and in
the absence of Secretary Alger deliv
ered it to Acting Secretary Meiklejohn.
Mr. Meiklejohn immediately sealed the
document in an envelope and forwarded
it to the White house, whence it was
lispatched forthwith to the president in
New York.
The report is of about 30,000 words,
and goes fully into the questions which
have been raised in conection with the
army beef. The text has not been made
public, and will not be until after the
president shall have read it. It will
then rest with him to say when the re
port shall be given to the public.
vThe verdict, however, is known to be
that the charges which Geneial Miles
made before the war Investigation com
mission are not sustained in reference
to the refrigerated beef, although his
contention that the canned roast beet
was not a suitable continuous ration is
admitted. There Is direct criticism of
General Miles for failing to promptly
bring to the attention of the war de
partment the reports made to him con
cerning bad beef and "several individ
uals" are censured for failing to ob
serve the proprieties of their positions
us commanding officers in this and
Dther respects.
The forecast for the report, as made
by the Associated Press on the 18th
inst., was an accurate one.
As was then stated, the court takes
the position that the testimony is con
clusive that both the refrigerated beef
and the canned beef were in good con
lition when delivered to the govern
ment, and continued so until Issued to
the troops, except in especial Instances,
where the deterioration was due to ac
cidental conditions in transportation or
to the influences of the tropical cli
mate. The report admits the liability of re
frigerated beef to taint quickly after
removal from the ice chests. The court
finds the charges of "embalming" ' the
fresh beef to have been unsubstantiated
by the testimony, and says no chemi
cals were used to preserve It.
It also finds that it woulrFhave been
Impracticable to secure beef on the
hoof during the Cuban campaign. The
finding is likewise in opposition to the
assertion on the part of General Miles
that the use of the beef was an ex
periment. '
Much attention is given the charges
concerning the canned roast beef, and
it Is stated that the testimony proves it
to have been wholesome and nutritious
where used in moderation and under
favorable circumstances. The position
Is taken that too much of this article
of food was supplied to the men, and
that under the circumstances It was un
palatable and found undesirable as a
continuous ration.
The fact is set forth that the canned
roast beef had not been used to any
appreciable extent before the beginning
of this war, and it is therefore re
garded as a practically untried ra
tion. In view of this fact, the com
missary general of subsistence is
roundly criticised for the purchase of
the meat in such extensive quantities.
As to the character of the meat for
wholesomeness and nutrition, the re
ports of Profs. Acwater and Chittenden
are quoted at length, sustaining the
;laima In this respect.
The instructions of the president are
followed closely In order and all the
points indicated by him as being those
upon which he desired that inquiry
should be made are covered.
Accordingly, the court finds that the
meat was not "doctored;" that It was
the beef of commerce: that there was
no more neglect than waa incident to
the hurried preparation for the war;
that the inspection, while generally
according to regulations, was not al
ways up to the requirements, and that
the sickness of the troops was not to
any great degree occasioned by the use
ot either the canned or refrigerated
beef.
On the other hand, it Is found that
General Miles himself did not report
during the war that the beef, either re
frigerated or canned, was unfit as a
ration. Other officers who gave their
testimony before the court were found
also to have neglected what the court
conceives to have been their duty in
'.his respect, and all are blamed for this
failure.
But the court does not think further
proceedings necessary.
BURIAL OFTHE HERO DEAD.
Those Brought From Cuba and
Porto Rico Laid to Rest.
Washington, D. C, May 2. The fol
lowing order was Issued at the war de
partment: '
"The transport Crook, bearing the re
mains of the officers and soldiers who
lost their lives In the war with Spain
diirlnv th nnerntlons in Hllbft and
Porto Rico, which, owing to her limited
:apaclty it was impraciicaoie io ciing
an her first voyage, has arrived In New
York harbor, and the remains win oe
imarroH with ritio and fitting ceremonies
in the national cemetery at Arlington
Va., on Tuesday, May 2, at 11 a. m.
rjtf Alrantinn nf the oresldpnt nil of the
United States troops serving in the vic
inity of Washington, together with the
national guard of the District or (. oium
bla, will be assembled at Arlington on
the date in question io participate in
the funeral ceremonies."
A train of nine c oaches arrived here
today from New York bearing the bod
ies of soldiers who died In Cuba and
Porto Rtco. The train passed through
the city and went on to Rosslyn, where
the bodies will be kept until interment
is made at Arlington,
Thinks Well of Porta Ricans.
Washington, D. C, May 3. General
Robert P. Kennedy, president of the
Insular commission, has returned from
his tour of inspection In Porto Rico.
Mr. Curtis is the only member of the
hoard now absent, and he Is expected
by Monday, when a meeting of the
board will be held and the preparation
of the commission's report begun. Gen
eral Kennedy declined to anticipate the
probable recommendations of the board,
but he spoke euloglstlcally of the peo
ple and the soil of Porto Rico, "it Is."
he said, "one of the most fertile lands
on the globe and the people are calcu
lated to become good citizens. They are
Industrious, Intelligent and hospitable
and loyal to the United States. ' Gen
eral Kennedy raid In reply to a ques
tlon that he heard very little talk of a
territorial form of government for ths
Island.