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About The Sioux County journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1888-1899 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 15, 1898)
t lata, ttUlM la tk lirW.
lata this fair world bora
1Mb MM bod at aiafct,
A tawrr at break of moral
Tat Iba a tiny ti of r
Witaia thy aanrt aoat baar,
Thmjc earth la clad end Hfp ia new,
And tho art ifft aud fair!
Sweet roae, onfoM tbr heart a ad abed
Thy perfume wider yet;
Though soon tb aumnipr hours arc Bed,
Tlijr fat, sweet roac, for fell
With fragrance all the garden 611,
That those who paaa and are
BliaXl deem the bright world brighter it ill
Becajiae of it and thee!
Sweet rose. Cod made thee fair to take
Thy tiny place and part.
To soothe aome epirit like to break,
To cheer aome burdened heart.
Wep not for aught that fate niay aend.
But, ere thy day ia spent.
Live out tiiy life unto It end,
Then die aud alcep content'.
it IE editor of the Co vent Gar
don Magazine presents his
compliments to Mr. Percy
King, and beg to return the aecom
jiauylng MS., which ban already ap
peared lu the columns of the Hyde
Park Miscellany. Tho editor would
further point out that It is a serious at
tempt at fraud to unbuilt a MS. eoucur-
reiitly to two publications."
Percy King, wiiii li'i unturned break
fast before him, a ring In amaze-
rueit at this totally id. :.pi-cted aud al
together unpleasant communication.
What could it mean? lie had not sub
mitted bis story of "Cuthbert's Crime"
to any other magazine than the Covent
Carden. nor was there any apparent
poaMiHllty of such a thing ls-lng done
by anyone else. And yet the editor
could not lie mistaken. In any ca.se,
thor was that month's Hyde Park
clone to hlin, on the writing table, and
be cwld easily prove the editor's atate
meot. He picked It up, hastily turned
out the leave and aoon found what be
Yea, there It waa: "Curhbert's Crime;
a TaJe of the City;" by Percy King.
The young author sat down again, tug
ging viciously at bis mustao-be a sure
Index to hla present state of mind.
When pleased, Percy would slowly fon
dle and smooth this at raw -colored ap
pendage; when thoughtful or concern
ed, be would twist Its long, silky ends;
when enraged or exHted. he would
strive to tear It out by the root. "Per
cy's barometer." men had called It at
At hint he deemed to have made tip
bi mind bow to act, for he roue sud
denly, npsyitliig his poor little terrier,
who bad t;iken her usual place at hla
feet. Pollle yelped painfully, and her
muster nwirre Audibly. "Mm. Gadd,"
he railed, as be rt'.Klicd the little dingy
hall, "I'm going out, and sba'u't be
lick to lunch."
"Yesalr." said the voluble little woman-
Percy' friend, Lord, had Hummed
ber tip once as "voluble, valuable and
voIume-nMe"" "but surely you ain't
jsoln' bout without hany breakfast, an'
ttlcb a bitter cold niornin', too?"
"Confound the breakfast." growled
Percy, and Mra. (Jadd withdrew. In of
feiuliKl dlgiiliyshe was a "Plymouth
'sister "to her own stuffy little sanc
tum. Without further parley, Percy
awunjf Into the luverness cape, ami,
regardless of en at wind and shit, mode
bis way toward the temple. In one of
the little streets clone by there was a
long-unpnlnted hojine, the door of
'which stood wide open, giving free ac
ocs to an unwashed ball. "Tudor
Chutnliers" was inscribed on the brass
door plate; and "Win. Lord, Solicitor,"
was deplete In ijulte frewh paint over
a it of offices on the second floor, one
of which Percy now entered.
"Well, old man. ami why so early?"
was ltd occupant's chiH-ry preerins.
"HalliKi! tmroineter net stormy?" as
Percy Jerked at that tell tale mtmlnche,
"Sit down, ( 'Kin Percy,' fill your
pipe, and unlw'How your crime-laden
"I've niil worry enough. "lArd Mil,'
without any rt your Surrey drama
tnc." responded Percy, sinking Into
the client' i linlr." and accepting from
bis friend's bands the Jar, well filled
with Ui-ikht. He ill led and lighted his
pipe, and then li.i.'ided the editor's Hole
to the youthful looking solicitor. "What
do you think of that, I-Ill? A pleai;ilit
pick luc -up?" he ucried.
His host read It slowly through twice,
and then turned to Percy. "Imprimis, It
Bf course jitM'H without saying that
'your Majesty' 1 Incapable of such n
dirty trick; and I know your methods
In busline ma ters too well to Imagine
thai It hns happened from Inadvert
ence. S'tmeliody has obtained a copy
of your story, tud bus sent It In to the
Hyde Park. When did you write 'Cu1h
bert's Crime,' und when did you send
It In? (Jive me precise daPtf, If you
can, old fellow."
Percy drew his pocket diary out, and
turned over the pages slowly. "I wrote
It at Illi vl In September, It was 'typed
at Mine. Cltoyemie' on my return to
tow n In October, and was sent to thu
Coven! Harden "Just before Christmas.
I was In Upahi, as you are aware, dur
ing six weeks, and nil my manuscripts
were securely locked up during my n1
sence, and apparently iitttouch.'d f my
return. The Harden accepted H Jan. 0,
and I he thing has appeared In the
March nuiiibcr of the Hyde. Now you
have It nil."
Lord rellected for s few moments. "It
Is perfectly plain.'' he at length said,
"lha( access to the story could be ob-
mined only at two times - when It was
typewritten and when you were away.
Mra. (ladd Is far Ph. Ilcrce a Ceriierus
to allow any stranger to touch your
room und ber honesty Is above re
proach. We mar ssy the latter of Mrae.
CI toy e nc alM, bt It aaay-I amy, may
m paaalbie tbat Bot ail ar tyytata
can reelet temptatten. May I look at
He eyed It carefully, and then niale
a uilnuu eiauJnaloD of It. letter by
letter. "Look bra, Percy,' be exclaim
ed at laat, "I have a ,Hew-lbjrbt
enough, but enough to abow If the
Hyde copy waa 'typed' by the same
machine. The capital Q occurs la ail
nine times; In each case an O has been ,
used Inn lead, and the little tail baa
been added with a pen. We wHl now
Co and call on Hartland, the editor of
the Hyde Park.
Making their way through tfce Tem
ple, they passed through the wlnd
wept sire to the corner of Hofborn
Circus, where the offices of tbftt maga
zine were situated, and aent Id their
cards. Mr. Hartland waa In, and would
se Mr. King and hla friend.
"Delighted to meet you. Mr. King."
Hoped the dapper, bald-beaded little
man as they entered; "delighted to
tneet our gifted new contributor."
"I have never 1n my life contributed
to the Hyde Park Miscellany," said
Percy, shortly, impatiently pulling the
ends of the "tarometer,"
"You amaze me. Why, surely "
began the other, when William Lord
broke In, nnd in a few words explained
the state of affairs, to the editor's man
"Then you want me "
"To give us the address of your corre
spondent, and to allow us to Inspect
"Certainly." And the editor opened a
drawer and produced a number of filed
letters. "Here is the receipt for my
check, signed Percival King, 3 Ht.
Chad's pi., Westminster.' "
"1 always sign as Percy, and I live
in Moomsbury. and that isn't my
handwriting." exclaimed the young au
thor, regardless of his friend's warning
hand. Mr. Hartland. meanwhile, was
shouting through a speaking tube, and
a loy shortly appeared with a roll of
"Thflt is the typewritten copy of
'Cuthbert's Crime.' which 1 receivd
on Oct. 28 and accepted a week later,"
said Mr. Hartland, consulting a ledger.
Iord cbmely sen lined the paper roll,
looking at certain passages very close
ly indeed. "The method of the fraud is
clear," he said at length. "Two copies
of my friend's manuscript have Icen
made by a multiplying process. One
was dispatched to bis address, the oth
er to the Hyde. The paging, are
Identical, and yon may sec the pon-cor-rccted
'Q's' lu each."
"Yes. that is so," assented I'ercy and
the editor. "What is your next mi-p?"
asked the latter.
"We will proceed a( once to Ht.
Chad's place, and Interview the Inipon
tor,'' answered the lawyer; and, after
thanking Mr. Hartland for his court
esy, the two friends withdrew.
They stopped ou reaching the street,
to consider their method of procedure.
Eventually they decided to lunch first,
and It was nearly 3 o'clock when a
'bus set them down at the corner of St.
Lord at once called his client's at
tention to a dusty card iu the window
at No, 3, which proved to be a small
stationer's shop. It read: "Letters re
"We must be wary, my Iniy; it's a
deep game. If I try to bluff, mind, you
back me up."
A very .Htoiit, little old woman, clad
In widow's weeds, waddled clumsily In
from the tiny parlor beyond the shop.
"What do ye want, gen'lemeu?" she
queried, In a hoarse, asthmatic whis
per. "We must see Mr. Percy King at
once," was the solicitor's answer.
"Lor' bless yer, sir, 'e ddn' live 'ere;
'e on'y calls for 'Is letters "ere," gasped
the old dame.
"What is he like?" asked Ixrd.
"W'y! Is the pore feller In trouble?-'
Lord drew himself up. and pointed to
Percy. "That is Mr. King. Someone
has js-rsonated him, and obtained mon
ey fauduleritly by using his name. Tell
us all you know, or we may regard
you as an accomplice,"
"All right, then," said the fat woman,
more huskily than ever. "My Mr. King
is a 'aiidsoine young Hdy."
The two men started. Their sus
picions were becoming, certainties.
"She's short, an' she's dark, anil she's
pretty," the stout dame continued; "an'
she wears a navy blue Jacket and a
queer silver rim on 'er 'and."
"That will do," said Percy; "1 know
the lady." And be hastily explained
that he had iiotJecd a queer sliver ring
of Indian workmanship on the finger of
one of .Mine, ("doyenne's typists, when
1. ( e culled f complain of certain
errors in some work which she had
copied for him.
"Do you expect an early visit from
'Mr. King?'" asked William Lord.
"Yes, sir; she'll call to-night; least
ways, 1 expect as 'ow she'll, 'cause
'ere's a Idler for 'er. wot 'as bin 'ere
"Alsmt what hour does she usually
"About slvin, gen'lemeu.",
The two friends withdrew. "We will
go and have a hundred up' (it 'pills,'
nnd come back to meet your 'feminine
counterpart.'" suggi-sted Iird. Percy
agreed, and they departed.
At 7 o'clock they stood within a pas
sage nearly opposite No. 3, St. Chad's
place, with collars turned up to their
ears, fur the sleet of the morning had
given place to driving snow. After
waiting some minutes, n 'bus passed
the corner, and a woman alighted and
entered the little stationer's shop. They
cnsisl. and looked through the win
dow. Yes, sliu answered to tho fat
ladj-'s description, and they according
ly follow ed her Indoors, Lord "address
"Hood evening, madam Allow me
lo Introduce you lo Mr. Percy Kin,
whose existence you have forgotten, or
you would bate not made uso of bit
-Wh wfc-wtat do yoa aveaor treanv
bllnk-ly asked the girt-for abc waa lit
tle older. The aolteUor pointed to the
letter In ber hand, ajid aternly atkad,
"Do you read rbe Hyde Park Miscel
The woaiaa aaak balf-faiitdng labs
"Wa are waiting for your expuwaa
Hon. Am I to aend for the police?"
queried William Lord.
'No, no; for heaven's take, no," tht
poor t-Mld moaned, her voice broken
by. violent aobs. "It waa 1 waa mad
my mother wai Ul the doctor aal-J
wine and good living and I earned
10 shillings a week and It seemed so
easy and 1 thought I could never
be found out Forgive tne and I will
pay you hack the money every
penny of It Kut don't let poor moth
er know it it would break-ber
"Call a cab, Bill," whispered the
young author, whose soft heart waa Al
ready melted by the poor girl's peni
tence and evident distress. "We will
get her confession drawn up and sign
ed in your room, to set things right
with the Covent Harden, and then, poor
child, we'll tuke her home to her
This was the course he persisted in
following, despite the lawyer's opposi
tion. Nor did Kflie Gray lose her situa
tion at Mine. Citoyerme's at least, not
then; and yet, as certain "just causes
aud impedimenta" wen? not forthcom
ing on three recent Sundays, It Is per
haps correct that a new typewriter
with no defective "Q's" has lately bepn
Installed in Mrs. Cadd's front parlor,
which will soon be manipulated by
Mrs. King's deft Angers.-From Lon
There is to be a new electric light
house placed on Fire Island that will
have the estimated power of 4f.0K,000
candles, making It the most powerful
artificial light In the world.
The first book printed In tbe limits of
the United State was tbe "Bay
Psalms Book." which was issued in
Cambridge. Mass., In 1G40. Specimens
of this publication are extremely rare
and command very high prices.
If the Inhabitant of the fixed stars
had powerful enough tebwopes to see
us, they would not see us as we are to
day, but as we were fifty, one hundred
years, or even longer ago. for It would
take light tbat long to travel to them.
Mathematical calculations show that
an Iron ship weighs 27 per cent, less
thau a wooden one, and will carry 115
tons of cargo for every 100 tons carried
by a wooden ship of the same dimen
slotis. and both loaded to the same
draught of water.
Three of the best New York Central
men testify that they would never un
der any circumstance reverse their en
glues In order to bring tho train to a
stop. When they had to slop a train in
the shortest p-dlle distance, they
shut otT the steam and applied the air,
and did nothing else; there was only
one quicker way to stop a train, and
that. wiu- to run Into something. They
agreed that upon reversing, the back
pressure In the cylinders was so great
as to lock the drivers and cause them
to slide, thus losing the braking power
of the locomotive. Neither did they
approve of sanding the tracks, for
nothing seemed to be gained by It.
No people In the world can exceed
the Chinese lu the matter of economy.
They waste nothing. The old cast-off
account book of the merchant is cut
into pieces and oiled to serve, Instead of
glass, in windows or lanterns. A
coolie who has a six hours' march
w ith a hwivy burden will return to his
point of departure without having
broken his fast. In order to save the
two cents his breakfast would have
ci st away from home. Nothing Is
more curious than to see them eat, ul
though, with their famous chopsticks,
they do not erfonn fill the wonderful
feats generally supposed. Everything
Is served them In howls or sauces, nnd
with the chopstlck-s they liaise the
pieces of meat or fish to the mouth,
with sufBHent grace. Each one has
a bowl of rice, which he hold near his
lips, and with the aid of the chopsticks
he pushes the contents Into his mouth.
It Is curious to see them pick up wltti
their chopsticks the grains of rice that
fall on the ground. The children are
taught this ait from their earliest
years; nothing must be list, not even
the smallest grain.
When l,'secl to Kxccas.
Ordinary artildcs of consumption
have a bad effect uism the lwidy if
iMed'to excess. Not a few men have
bad their eyesight permanently affect
ed by smoking too much, und the deaf
ness of a very noted man of letters Is
to be traced to the fact that he had
Jx-eii for years a tea drunkard. Tbat
siiuft" may produce. pnnaJysJs is well
known, but It seems almost lncredillc
that a man may go mad through con
suming too many eggs. N'everthctless,
there Is no doubt that to eat too many
of iiheii) produces a kind of nervous ex
citement which may lead even to mur
der. Too much lus'f for a wenk-bralned
boy tends to imiUe him an Idiot, and the
number of men wlimse mental vigor has
been sapped by crmstantly drinking
frtrong coffee Is extraordinary.
An Old Work on Mathematics.
Th Ithlnd manuscript, now in ths
Brit'sh museum, Is the oldest Intelligi
ble mathematical work exiant that has
ever been deciphered.
The Chinese cultivate an odor-eat
Money it the root of tho tnarufac
THE United Bute
In 1808 was bo
much better p re-
pared for offensive
and defensive war
than It was In 18(51
tbat It Is difficult
t o Institute com
parlso n . When
called for vounteers In April, 18(51,
companies and regiments were organ
ised within two or three days. Young
men came lu from the country, some of
them barefoot, and men In villages and
cities left their trades and their busi
ness, eager to enlist and go forward.
They had no Idea of military service
and no conception of war, but tbey
were so eager for war that they could
not bear with patience a week's delay.
It seemed to all these men that it
was worse than folly to hold them for
weeks In ramps of instruction. They
did not know how to keep step, to
come to right face or left face, did not
know how to shoulder arms, or to han
dle rifles or muskets, but they wanted
to be led Immediately into battle. One
of the hallucinations of the times was
that every volunteer company could
select Its own arms and mark out Its
line of service. In hundreds of cases
In the rural districts companies were
organised with a preamble to the
declaration of enlistment that the com
pany should be armed with new Spring
field rifles or Sharp's rifles. They all
seemed to believe at the time that It
was only necessary for the Government,
to say the word and all of the volun
teers would have at once tbe most Im
proved rifles then manufactured. The
disgust of such men, when they were
compelled to drill for some weeks with
pine sticks and were given old smooth
bore muskets Just before going Into
active service, was so grotesque In Its
manifestation as to be amusing.
In many case com pan tea furnished
with old muskets mutinied or refused
to accept the guns. They did not know
that their action came under the head
of mutiny; they thought they were
asserting their manhood. The Govern
ment had to temporize In all sued cases,
and lu handling such companies or reg
iments men like Rosecrans were of
great service. I remember one case in
Which a thousand indignant, stubborn
men were standing in line, having re
fused to accept the guns that were
ready for them. A regular army mus
tering officer had told them in his blunt
way the consequence of Insubordina
tion. The General who w-as to com
mand the brigade came up at this Junc
ture, and, Instead of scolding or dis
ciplining the men, explained to them
the need of drill, the necessity of hav
ing some sort of musket or rifle in
hand, that they might be prepared for
actual work, ne said nothing about
mutiny or about insubordination, but
made bis explanation an appeal to pat
riotism. Tho men took up the guns and
the regiment became one of the finest
In the Union army.
There were cases In which men were
ordered to the field with only two or
thrse days' drill in the manual of arms.
Still, they labored under the Impression
that they were efficient soldiers, and
that they were masters of war. Our
regiment made a night attack with only
one cartridge to the man. As the regi
ment was formed ready to move for
ward I noticed the senior captain
standing apart with a distressed look
on his face. 1 knew that he had seen
service, and I went to him with the
question what he thought of the situa
tion. He said. Impatiently, 'it Is ridic
ulous. It is absolutely pitiful. I have
known men to come out of an engage
ment with empty cartridge boxes, but
I never knew of a case where raw
troops were sent Into an engagement
with empty cartridge Ihixcs."
The spirit of the nien was so high,
tin ir eagerness for batile so fierce, that
they did not think once of how they
were to get through the engagement.
The senior captain was given command
of the advance, and Uhere was a queer
look on his face as he ordered the eager
im-n forward. Instructing them under
no clrcumsi ances to (Ire. He had a
voice like a bugle calf, .i:.'l as the skir
mishers deployed and the ad vancetline
nianeuvred under his ringing orders, I
saw his strategy. In some way he con
veyed the Impression th.it . these raw
troops were veterans, aid that they
knew Just what they were about. For
tunately, the enemy did not make a
stand; but suppose they had resisted?
That regiment with empty cartridge
boxes would have been saerlflceil.
"I remember," said the Captain,
"when our company, a village company
niado up of farmers' sons, college boys
homo from school, mechanics and
tradesmen, was formed, we settled In
our own mind that we would go Into
the Held armed with squirrel rifles, and
we selected as captalu a mldille aged
man, who was the best shot In tin
township. We were going Into the ser
vice as sharpshooters, or not at nil; V.'e
hired a young fellow who Is-longed to
one of the militia companies In a neigh
boring city to drill us, paying him lo
a day. As he was employed at thtt
much a week, he was eager to drill us.
and we In some way received the Im
pression .that his knowledge of the
manual made him a superior being.
"Certainly we got from blin all the
knowledge tbat a man at his caliber
eotdd glT. wmleh waa not mse. Wfcea
tbaae Binary-four cUlwart, roa-ektrted
tura took tbe train for tba camp, sixty
or eighty aailea distant, tbe people
cheered them aa though they ware go
ing Into battle. When they went march
ing into camp t$e other companies
cheered thorn becanae they were ancb
magnificent fellow a. Ail this stimu
lated the confidence and pride of the
men, but aa a matter of fact there waa
not a single trained soldier In the ranka.
They knew the facings; they knew how
to march; but they did not know the
manual of arms, and they went Into
their first skirmish, not with squirrel
rifles, not with Sharp's rifles, but with
old mnskebs, and comparatively few of
the men knew how to handle them.
"They were attacked by a superior
fores of mounted Confederates, with
little more experience than themselvea,
and after two or three rounds gave
way, under the belief that their old
muskets were of no service At All. Up
to this time the country boys of the
company had been the. butt of a good
many Jokes, but I noticed as the com
pany began fo retire that the left of the
line, where the country Jakes were
grouped, held fast. I noticed also that
the men there were behind trees, or In
a group behind a fence, all handling
thi ir muskets us they would have han
dled their rides In a squirrel hunt, and
that every time a musket was fired
from lu.s i,rroup there was a commotion
among the Confederates. As our re
treating men turned to see what had
stopped the Confederates' advance,
they were surprised to see two men
tumble from their saddles; to see
horses go down here and there. Then
they turned to look at the' country
boys, who were shooting to kill. They
saw that the old muskets were of ser
vice. They returned to the line with a
cheer, and as the cavalry company re
tired they charged forward and drove
the enemy from the field.
"The men at that time were not drill
ed, but they learned In that one engage
ment the power of men who could
shoot, and in the next few weeka they
all became good shots. When, later in
the war, they were armed with Enfleld
rifles, and at a later period still with
Springfield rifles, they became the best
shots In the army, and were classed a
sharpshooters, doing good service at
long range and close range. The gov
ernment that began with not enough
muskets to arm Its regiments under the
first call for volunteers ended with
rifles of the most improved pattern and
had guns of every style to burn." Chi
cago Inter Ocean.
'Playlna Vnllejr Forae."
"We played the Valley Forge act af
ter the battle of FerryvIUe," said the
Captain. "We had made the long
march from McMinnvllle, Tenn., to Lou
isville, Ky., with no chance to draw
clothing and shoes. Requisitiftns were
made out at Louisville, but before they
could be filled we marched Into Eastern
Kentucky after Bragg. The indecisive
battle of I'erryvllle made the foot-race
feature of the campaign more Interest
ing, and we hurried on toward the
mountains by way of Crab Orchard and
"The country was rough and the
weather stormy. It was late In Octo
ber, and we had snow at Crab Orchard.
Hundreds of the men had worn their
shoes to the uppers, and many marched
In moccasins made of blankets or gum
blankets. But every individual soldJer
in that army wanted to catch Bragg.
When the division was turned back at
London our captain a.sked all the men
In the company who had not service
able shoes to stop out. of line. All thj
men except six stepped out. t)ther
companies were as bad, and the Col
onel explained that if the men without
shoes could not keep up tbey must keep
together, push forward as they could
stand It, and report at Glasgow as soon
"The divlsi' moved by easy marches
to Glasgow, the lame ducks following
more slowly. For three or four days
the country was full of stragglers, mov
ing, however, In on orderly way. They
had been Instructed to take care of
themselves, do the best they could, and
report to their regiments at Glasgow,
and they felt lu honor bound to carry
out instructions. Tho morning after
the snow I traced oue party by the
blood from their feet, and I expected to
come on a very disconsolate crowd.
Instead, I found a dozen stalwart fel
lows around a fire iu a cabin, making
a frolic of wrapping their feet for the
next march. At Glasgow we found
shoes and were soon shod for the
match ou Nashville."
"We came down the Kanawha and
the Ohio," said the Major, "In midwin
ter. We had been In winter qunru-is
at Charleston, but iu February were
ordered to Kentucky. We crowded on
board light-draft steamloats, rolled
ourselves up In blankets, and let the
world wag for three or four days. Then
we were landed at Camp Joe Holt, in
Indiana.' Scarcely were we in camp
when the Colonel explained that every
man who would give bis word to re
turn In six days might go home. We
1 nil went home, asking no questions
about furloughs or transportation. On
( the morning of the sixth day the Col
' oiH published a card In the Cincinnati
; p-ip-rs giving the hour at which men
must be in camp. They were there."
Chicago inter Ocean.
A Itnac Islander,
'is it true, my good man," said the
klndiiearted woman who wns working
off jiniiie homemade enke on the tramp
at the back door, "that you Itinerant
gentlemen never take a bath?"
"Madam." said the tramp, proudly,
il is not true. Hardly a day passes
thai 1 go without my suu bath." Yonk
Married women may smoke In Vienna
without being considered "emancipat
ed," but iiniiuii'iied women who Indulge
In tobacco are looked at askance.
ADULTERATION Of POOOk
Baiallah Are Aaaa-ta is MM
Kapccially of aacaa aasf Jaaaa.
"From time to Mate one reads aa naek)
la the newspapers concerning tba ad at
taraUon of American food," aald SJt
eminent New York analytical chemaat
to the writer recently, "that tbe avatv
age consumer might be tempted to bs
Here that this Is tbe only conn try tat
which such fraud and deception ia ante '
ticed. But this la far from being tfeaV
troth, for during a recent visit to HQ
land I had occasion to test the quality
of various eatables there, and tbe rav
suit waa that I found they contalnast
a much larger percentage of deletertotai
matter than our own products poaseaa, '
"For Instance, bottled fruits are tm
England colored green by the addlttaoj
of copper In the form of tbe sulphate
("bluestone'). A knife blade Immersed
In the juice of the fruit will rapidly bo
come coated with a bright deposit off
metallic copper. The English hare no
adopted tbe simple and harmless plan)
which tbe French have of giving an ap
parent green color to their preserved)
fruits and olives by tbe nse of bottles
made of green glass. Sauces,' potted
meats and fish are constantly adulter
ated or colored by means of Armenian)
bile. This is done partly from custom,
but chiefly to conceal the dirty appear
ance of the pastes and sauces. Tha
British public will have its anchovy
sauce red. The uncolored sauce Is un
salable, though the superior to the red
abomination, the filth being removed
from the former, while In the latter It
is merely concealed by the Armenian
bile. Jams are adulterated by the mix
ture of inferior fruits. Marmalade fre
quently contains apple pulp or even tur
nips. Coloring matter and artificial fla
vorings are freely used.
"An Ingenious Industry goes on large
ly in London which is wholly unsus
pected by the public. Raspberries,
oranges and other fruits are purchased
by the wholesale chemists and the Julca
extracted. Then the pulp is bought at
a low price by the manufacturers of
cheap Jams for flavoring and placed up
on the market as 'fine new season jam'
or marmalade. Mustard is adulterat
ed with flour and tumeric; pepper with
husks of seeds and any kind of dust
that comes handy to the dishonest ven
der. So that tbe business of the drag
grinder offers just as much temptation
to the adulterator in England as It does
Melodies of War.
During the middle ages, when every
man was a soldier, each great family
had Its war cry, generally the name of
the leader of the clan. Tbe Bourbons
roused to battle when the shrill cry of
"Bourbon!" rang on the air. France's
kings shouted "Montjoye St. Denis,"
while the crusaders responded to "Dieti
le veut" "it Is the will of God."
Many of the mottoes on family crests
to-day are nothing but these old war
cries. As to war songs they seem to
have been tbe earliest poetical develop
ment of na tions. Sparta, the most war
like of tbe Greek nations, was the most
musical and Lycurgus Introduced cho
rus songs in his army.
Julius Caesar bad' his men sing songs
of triumph after a victory and some of
the verses are in existence to-day. Ed
ward I. had the Welsh bards put to
death because he thought they Incited
the soldiers to battle. In Spuln many
traces of Roman war songs are to be
found. Spanish and Portuguese war
songs were called romanceros. The
Old, written in the twelfth century, has1
always been the martial Inspiration of
the Spaniards. What the Cid Is to Spain
the Roland Is to France. The "Chan
son de Roland" has been sung since the
eleventh century and has 1,500 verses.
Russian battle songs are written In
minor keys and Instead of being bril
liantly martial are sad, telling of the
soldier's fate. The Turks have no war
songs except those they have translat
ed from otiier tongues. Germany has
much military music and that those In
power appreciate the influence music
has on soldiers is shown by the fact
that the German army contains 10,000
A est Sings 1,1 ke a Crow.
One day, in the Senate, Senator Vest
of Missouri, in the midst of an Impas
sioned speech, recited one of Milton's
poems in a very tragic manner.
"The author of that great poem," said
Vest, lu an impressive undertone, "was
John Milton and it has been set to
music by the areat Beethoven."
There was a religious silence all over
the Senate, when Senator Proctor,
whose face had assumed the forlorn
and forbidding expression of a profes
sional mourner, arose and -remarked In
a deep bass voice tbat was heard all
over the Senate chamber:
"Vest, sing lt!"-New York Mall and
Dressmaker' Va! untile R'ok.
The wife of one of the most noted
Paris dressmakores has a valuable book
valuable because In future years It
will be a complete record of the femi
nine dress of to-day. Each page has
small pieces of the fabrics, linings, laces
and trimmings of gowns made for cus
tomers. The Queen of Italy, tho Czar
ina, Empress Eugenie, the Queen Re
gent of Spain, Sarah Bernhardt, Car
men Sylvia, Otero and tbe Queen of
Hawaii are all represented.
Marringo in the Philippines.
Kev. M. M. Pnrkhurst, who has lived
(n the Philippines for many years, styt
that when n couple wish to marry in
the Philippines they must flrat pay I
fee of 0 ($;)) to the priest, who other
wise will not marry thera. Aa a natlrt
rarely earns more than $3 In a moats
he seldom has the necessary mnrriagfl
fee, so. that common law marriagea art
(ha frequent result.
The only effective way to
with a man la lo punish bin.
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