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About The Sioux County journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1888-1899 | View Entire Issue (April 21, 1898)
An Arhor Oittsaj.
The sketch litre with, from the Or
auge Judd Fanner, gives u suggestion
that cao be adopted in many situations
both a to utility iind beauty. Where
there Its a path through a farm fence
near one's buildings, necessitating a
narrow (ate, (IiIh gateway can he com
bined with an ailmr, as shown In the
cut. Thla given the ornamental part of
the device, or will when covered with
vmes. If the vines bear grapes tlie use
ful part will Is- very apparent. When
uch ornamenting of one's premises cirn
he combined with that which is purely
useful, there Is small excuse for not
having farm premises more attractive.
(IneHniiiK Wclcbt of Mock.
It Is surprising how many farmers
who grow lle stock which they some
time expect to Bell on the hoof take
k little care to ascertain Its weight.
Their Ignorance In this matter often
coma thein dear, as the butcher or oth
er person who buys of them generally
Is supplli-d with scales, and can gener
ally guess within a few pounds what
an animal will weigh. In the writer's
boyhood, his father frequently bought
cattle and sheep to be fed awhile, and
then butchered, to upply his custom
ers with beef and mutton. It does not
take long to learn how to goes on the
weight of a licef. The size alone Is not
always a criterion. Old cattle, anil es
pecially old cows, will not weigh so
licavy as they look, and will usually
have more of their weight In inside fat.
now worth very little, owing to the
competition of cotton seed oil and other
vegetable oils. American Cultivator.
Horn on OoinrHtic Animals.
All the reason for horns on any do
mestic animal ceased when they came
wholly under man's protecting care. It
wan all right for the animal to defend
Itself w ith horns while exposed to pred
atory animals, like wolves and oears.
When cuttle run wild, as they long did
in the State of Texas, aud as they Mill
do on the plains of South America,
their horns constantly Increased In
length and form Ida bleuess. I!ut under
C'vlllxed conditions there Is no need
for horns. In some breeds they have
elready been bred off. This will doubt
less become more general, as dishorn
ing at least the cons has la-come a
quite general practice. Calves may !e
prevented from ever growing a horn
by applying a stic k of punish on the
bead where the horns would start, and
removing the hair, ho that the potash
will make a slight sore on the skin.
SnliHliiiilr lor IVitller.
An easily made substitute for a
roller la showu herewith. It la from
the Farm Journal. The sides are cut
from two planks, and narrow strips are
then nailed to the lower edge. This
contrivance can be weighted to any de
gree desired and will do good service In
fining or firming the noil. A roller Is
one of the most valuable Implement
that n farmer can use In making a One
ei dled, but scarcely one fanner out
of ten owns a roller. The cost or the
trouble to make one Is the excuse given
for their absence from the farm tools.
One of the garden crops that thor
oughly understands how to lake care
of Itself Is rhubarb. If planted In earth
Hint Is not very dry, It will continue for
many years without receiving any par
ticular attention It Is, however, very
fond of high living, and those who de
al re to have large aud succulent stalks
should give a good top-dressing of man
ure' every season. Median's Monthly.
I'de varieties nro preferred by those
who grow Lima beans for market, as
there are "old standards" that are fa
vorites. The bush Ulnae are probably
to be preferred, as they may be planted
In rows and be easily worked. They
require no supports, and are usually
earlier than the pole varieties, and are
fully equal In quality to the others.
They make a valuable addition to the
i'lrst Work for Tennis.
After tbelr winter'! rest, If It has been
ttrh, bortee need to be broken Into
woik very gradually. Tbelr neck and
breast, where ts barucrs chafed, and
H . 1 1 i i on l.ol.i.. .ii.
which had been toughened by a whole
season's work, have grown tender,
again, and it will require veveral,daya
of light work to renew the cuticle which i
disuse had allowed to disapear. There
should l-e frequent rests, aud at such
times the eoll.ir should Im- pulled Tor
ward so as to allow the air to strike the
part. On no account should the horse
for the first week or more 1m- allowed
to work lu the rain, or be hard pushed
when he is sweating. Care In the be
ginning of the season will save the
horse perhaps from being disabled for
work ditrlnc a large part of the Bum
mer. Parsnips for I.ute Cue.
The par-nip is not only one of the
hardiest of garden vegetables, winter
ing in the open ground without injury,
as also dues salsify or vegetable oys
ter, as It is generally called, but, like
t lie last mentioned plant. It starts to
growing very early In the spring. So
soon as the leaves start on either, the
roots should be pulled up and carried
to a cool cellar or pit. as the growth of
leaves will very quickly make the root
unlit for use. All tin- first leaf growth
is taken from the root, and is the begtn
n;ng towards seed formation. The root
rapidly shrivels and loses Its succu
lence when the leaves grow larger. The
part of the parsnip at the surface of
the ground will taste acrid, and It
doubtless pos-esses some poisonous
qualities, as Is the common belief
among farmers. No kind of roots which
are biennials are lit to eat after their
second year growth has begun.
There are customs which are rigidly
adhered to in the sowing or planting of
the staple crops. Clover Is usually
sown on the wheat land in the spring,
the seed being scattered over the
ground when It !s covered with snow In
onler to facilitate the work. One of the
r'gld rules Is to sow a certain quantity
of seed (as little as possible If seed 1
hlghl, and should the stand be light
j the cause is ascribed to everything but
the seed. The fact is that seed should
Is- use more liberally, as much of it Is
destroyed In various ways before germ
ination, the saving In seed causing a
loss of clover. Another point la to har
row the wheat, seed down the clover
and then use a roller on the land. The
better the preparation for clover the
more swiils will germinate and the
more perfect the "catch."
How to See Plantu Grow.
To observe plants grow ing under the
microscope the American Monthly Mi
croscopical Journal says: "Procure a
little collomia seed. Take one of the
seeds, and with a razor cut off a very
tiny slice, cover with a cover glass and
place under the microscope. The In
Klrmiient must ! In a vertical position.
When It Is well focused and lighted
moisten it with a drop of water. The
seed will ab.-orb the moisture and throw
out a very large number cjf spiral
lils-rs, glvfng the appearance of verit
able germination. Beginners will find
It easier If one applies the moisture
while the other looks through the In
strument." Milking Device.
Slovenly milking is often to be tie
counted for by the small size of the
' pall's top. A good deal of the milk will
persist in running
down the outside.
To make easier
milking, have a
top made as shown
In the cut. The
flaring sides will
catch the stream
of milk and con
duct It Into the
pail. It will be
well to tie a piece
of muslin over the
bottom of this top piece, thus training
the milk as It goes In to the pall. Let
this llaring piece Just fit Into the top of
the pall. American Agriculturist.
Subsolllng Is a matter wh'o-h has It
j advocates, but m.u.y sciciJtilic agrlcul
turlsts oppose It. It Is claimed that,
although the subsoil plow breaks the
soil to a low depth, yet It destroys the
channels which admit the flow of air
aud water below the surface. That le,
as plant roots penetrate deeply and die
they leave channels, which are numer
ous and which are Increased every
year. Breaking the soil destroys them
and lessens the supply of moisture.
Pea may be had some weeks earlier
than the outdoor crop by sowing them
In Inverted sods In a hot-bed In Febm-
(ary. The sods may be cut Into strip
1 four Inches wide, and In this way a
, hot-bed w lil star! p'an' enough for a
Inn drill, when tli" so ls later on an
transferred Into the garden soil. Foi
several weeks before planting out tht
plants should be well hardened off.
Hut few fanners accumulate as rimer
manure as they desire. Instead of
spreading the manure over too inticl
hind, It will be better to use only one
half of the farm for crops and grow
green material on the other half to J
turned under. In this manner It will
not be many years before every acre
will double Its evarage yield, and tin
profit will be larger because the ex
penses will lie correspondingly re
How to (ilve Hull to Block.
The lK'st modo of giving salt Is t'
sprinkle a little over the hay or eu
food. Such method Is probably not a
easy as leaving salt where the animal
can help themselves, but It Is nine!
better than giving too much salt at on.
time and not enough nt other periods.
Ground Oiitu foy Feed.
The grinding of out makes then,
more digestible, and the same may br
said of corn. The best method of feed
Ing Is to mix the ground grain with th
forage, which Increases the digestibil
ity of both kind.
THE MINISTER'S WIFE.
She's little anil modest anil party,
As Iri sh as s rose, and as sweet;
Her children don't ever look dirty.
Her kitchen ain't no way but neat.
She's the kind of a woman to cherish,
A help to a feller through life,
Vet every old lien in tile parish
Is down uu the minister' wife.
"I'wns Mrs. 'IJge Hawkins begun it;
Slip allcrs lies had the idee
That the church was built so's she could
'Cause Hawkins is deacon, you see.
She thought that the hull congregation
Jest marched to the tune of her fife.
Hut she found 'twas a wrong ealkerlation
Applied to the minister's wife.
Then Mrs. .ledge Jenks got eieitpil.
She thinks she's the hull upper crust
When she heerii the Smiths whh invited
To meetin' she quit in disgust.
"You nmy have all the paupers you choose
Sez she, jest as sharp as a knife,
"Hut if they go to church, I refuse to."
"Uood-hy!" ez the minister's wife.
And then Mrs. Jackson got stuffy
At her not comin' sooner to call.
And old Miss MactSregor is huffy
'Cause she went up to Jackson's at all.
Each one of the crowd hates the other,
The church ln-z bin full of their sirife;
Hut now they're all hatiu' another,
Aud that one's the minister's wife.
Hut still, all the cackle unheediu',
She goes in her ladylike way,
A givin' the poor what they're needin',
And hciin' the church every day.
Our numbers each Sunday is sweliin',
Ami real true religion is rife,
And hoim-limcs I feel like a-yelliu',
"Three cheers for the minister's w ife!"
New York Press.
Types of Nebraska Heiiuty.
Tht' selection of the two Nebraska
girls, whose faces shall be a part of the
cotniMjslte photograph to adorn the
trnus-Misl,pI Exposition mesial,
proved to be a greater task than any
thing yet undertaken by the directors.
After three months' delay the select ions
have been made, and Miss MayeO'Shea,
of Lincoln, and Miss Netta Warmer, of
Syracuse, are the young women thus
honored. According to the test.the facial
expression of them? two young women
Is supposed to be the best type of the
female beauty of the State. They were
selected from a group of several huu
dred. The whole number of photo
graphs selected will be sent to New
York, where a composite photograph
will Is- made. Thla picture, typical of
Western beauty In the best sense, will
adorn one side of the tran-Mississippi
FubIiIoiihIiIc Stay Costly.
All Aiiier'ca'i ; -.thorlty on woman's
die.-.-, luiuii!' uliug on the fact tluit a
Iondoii court recently expressed amus
ed astonUhmont becaose a woman had
paid $-5 for a ialr of corse-la, says that,
us an acural fact, considerably more
than this sum Is constantly paid for
stays made to order. Then, again, a
pair of corse.ts are often but part of a
regular costume, owing to the fuot that
the brocade of which they are made
matt-he exactly the material of which
Is compow-d the underskirts to be worn
with them. The very plainest corsets
made to order at any good house cost
Iwtweon $10 and $lo, and they are
worth the money paid for them, for
they last u great d'-al longer than
n-adv-inade stays, le-'ug composed,!
'..wi In the thread Wi'ii which liiey
e stitched, of the very best materials.
Keeping! Clothe Smart.
It Is the tumbling about on chairs and
bedposts that ruins quantities of
clothes, anil thus dresses are often
"worn out" while not being worn In the
actual sense. A Philadelphia authority
advises women to hang all dress waists
and skirts, but suspend them ou "coat
hangers," not on hooks or nails. The
way Bhopkoepers care for ready-made
garments Is an excellent object lesson.
If you can't gM the ready-made article,
manufacture It. Half a lsirrcl Loop,
with a loop of string In the middle,
makes a satisfactory substitute. Hang
ing only serves for heavy fabrics, not
when they are of thin goods. In thai
r.i-e, garments are apt to Itccome
Iringy. Light materials must be fold
ed, sleeves and ltowa Muffed out with
'Issue paper and nil given plenty of
room. Skirts should be brushed when
taken off and then put away at once.
A lllm for Unsy Women,
If a woman with only a little time
for reading has an ambition to be really
well read In some one direction, It Is
Imperative that she nhotild select a so
cially. It may Iss a troad specialty or
a narrow specialty French history or
bumble-bees but whatever It Is, If she
la reaJly Interested la Um subject, and
is able to obtain the books she needs,
she can accomplish much even In half
hour snatches. Soinelsidy learned
French while waiting for dinner, and
almost everylody has time for a little
reading every day, aud many a mlckle
makes a mut-kle.
How Women liiirn .Money.
The cleaning of bicycles Is, says tht
Household, comparatively speaking, a
modern occupation, usually taken up
by a man tu connection with some oth
er business. A clever English woman
has conceived the Idea that It might be
come a lucrative employment, for on
who could go als.ut to the different
houses daily, or at stated times), an
make it business of cleaning bicycle
The greater majority of the riders are
young people, and such are Inclined to
shirk the proper care that should bo
given a machine, or are sometimes to;
tired from the i-mti-Isc to attend to It,
but are often willing to devote some ol
their spending money to get rid of the
Tills woman has started in the busi
ness, and goes from house to house, so
that one need not take the cycle to A
shop. She soaks the chain in keroserk
oil and, after drying, rubs It with
graphite. She carries an assortment of
rags, cheese-doth, free from Hut
These, well permeated with oil, are
used ii j to ii the intricate and working
parts of the wheel. A bit of flannel
polishes the trimmings after there has
Is-en aipliod to them a paste such as ie
used on harness trappings. The clean
er also adjusts the saddle and handle
bars, tests everything to see that It Is
firm, tightening nuts when necessary
She pumps tip and fills tires, cleans,
trinfl, and tills the lamp, and puts It se
cureVy lu place.
A New York society woman lias add
ed a novel venture to the business en
terpriser of women. She has opened a
dainty otlice, which she calls "a bu
reau of social requirements." She of
fers to supply Ideas and original de
signs for entertainments on establish
ed lines, relieving the hostess of all
weariness and anxiety. To manage
and order luncheons, teas, receptions,
and other social affairs, and to supply
menus or recipes. To give information
on social matters, where any knotty
point Is vexing the uninitiated.
Must Supply Iluth Money.
Among the Turks bath money foTmj
aji Item in every marriage contract, the
husband engaging to allow lib wife a
certain sum for bathing purjioses. If 11
be withheld, she has only to go before
the oadl and turn her sliirper uiwlde
down. If the complaint be not tben re
dressed It 1s a sulllclent ground for di
vorce. (ioea to a Con rent.
Queen Natalie of Servla Is about to
say farewell to the world and hide her
self and her troubled life In a convent
Her husband, ex-King Milan, Is a moral
monstrosity, and her son, for whom tht
fa their, having mude himself totally un
lca ruble, nlsllrated his throne, has
shown decide traits of Imbecility,
iwneil liy a Woman.
The system of electric street railway
In Turn pa, I'la., Is practically own?d
and operated by a .Mrs. Uhain, who Is
said to Is- thoroughly familiar with
every detail of railroading, and to be
the v- tiei.il manager of her road, which
is n !!! '.':. isslng every place and
point of ,;.!, est In Tampa.
Itriefii About Women.
The Queen of ; recce Is the only wo
man Admiral In the world.
Oulda never shakes hands. She de
clares It to be the most vulgar form of
The little town of Nasso. In Sweden,
has a female contingent, l.'iO strong, Ii
Its fire brigade.
Since the college doors were opened
to women In Scotland the female stu
dents have shown a pardonable patriot
New- Zealand women have full suf
frage, the native or Maori women belnn
all m-I to ote as well as the-lr Euro
Mine. Payer, a Swiss womiyi who hal
taken the degree of docUer of medlclnu
Is strongly opisiscd to tight boots ant)
gloves, corsets, and long skirts.
Mrs. ."t-isali Gould Mltcholl, who dlcJ
ri'i-etiily, was the last Indian pr1nocu
lu Massachusetts, and wag a lineal do
sceinlanl of Dhe fatnotui Mnasaaolt.
Japanese thoatMn have thedr boxes m
arranged that the ladle can Chang,
their dii-sses, ae It le not consldet-et
stylish for a lady to appear an entln
evening In one drese and with the aami
RADIANT IX COLORS.
SCH OMON IN ALL HIS GLORY TO
Bright Colors Will Run Kiot in the
Attire of Kaehlnnable Women Jur
ing the Cowing Spriaic and Hummer
-Jree Lined with Colored Silkn.
The Haice for Transparent Goods.
New York corresprmni-iice:
A I HAN'T Is the word
that Is to fit the
during the coming
season. She will be
all a wonderful bleud
of brilliant tints, yet
Is? not a bit gaudy. It
has taken uh four sea
sous to learn how to
use colors and all this
time, too, we have
been getting used to
seeing color. Open
work materials are a
million. Wool goods
come in a weave so
lattice-like that the
shade of the lining
silk shines through as clearly as if
grenadine were used. The silk used
for lining is brilliant, but the material
over It Is such a line blend ot colors
that the entire result Is a cashmere
medley of tones, charming and not
crude. Cotton grenadines are simply
lovely. Tiiey come in plaids and stripes,
tlu openwork portion being part of the
general design. They are made over
either lawn or silk: if over silk, entire
ly separate from It as a matter of
Hesldes these semi-transparencies,
organdies are of themselves a delight
ful array. Hlack ground organdies are
printed with closely woven sprays of
many-colored flowers, zig-zags of open
work cross the material almost with
the effect of perforation, and the or
gandy Is laid In a thousand little pleats
In some places, and In others is drawn
fjulte plain. Where the pleats double
the goods the color of the design takes
a positive shade, and where it is drawn
plain It offers a mere veil of color over
the silk foundation. Hesldes this, the
openwork places let the glint of the
silk through. Almost any of the dress-
A QUARTET DOMINATED BY SPRING NEWNESS.
es made on this general plan will prove
the artistic merits of the scheme, aud
the lovely gown sketched for this Ini
tial was not more beautiful than many
of Its kind. The black of Its organdy
showed strongly only In the close-run
little frills that finished the fichu or
namentation. At the first glance sev
eral different materials will seem to
have been used In the construction of
the dress, but really the many effects
were obtained by the different uses
made of one material, Insertions of luce
and the glimmer of brilliant nose-pink
silk lining assisting In producing the
vailous effects. Hose pink sntln rib-
Kill! Ill i-l SK. A IIUIOHKNTS.
bon In collar and bows nt throat and
waist, the latter holding the lichu ends,
gave a desirable frank touch of un
The cloth gown of the moment puts
to flight any notion we may have had
about n spring fallor-inade. To be sure,
the severe Jacket and skirt affair Is al
ways good lasto, but this soft clinging
openwork wisil, with Its lovely lining
and lis brilliant yoke effect, with all
the possibilities of combination with
dainty headgear, who can resist it?
Look at the left hand dress of the four
pictured lu a row, and think of a pale
gray, with a bias piece set on the edge
ot the skirt and bended by rows of sli
ver brnld set so close and tho braid so
narrow that it eecras a mere elusive
ellnt. Delicate silver embroidery
about the edge of the low cut bodice,
and above was the loveliest yoke effect
of silver braiding on pale violet satin.
Now there Is hardly need to tell yon
that the dress was lined with violet
Cloth gowns are yet made 'with sldrt
quite plain, though the sides below hlpa
and the back below the band may be
set on bias. The little eton of the paat
two seasons appears with new modi
fications, being cut down to show the
yoke with which the bodice Is finished.
Where length is needed for the figure
the little Jacket, though cut short at
the sides, extends In front below th
waist with a pair of long tabs. Ther
seems no limit to the brilliance of th
yoke. Significant of this was the
gown now being described. It was ot
demure mouse brown, and wet set on
ANOTHKK BAPli l.OOSK FIT.
a yoke of orange silk, that was a blaze
of spangles, "paillettes" they are call
ed, but they are only spangles.
Kven if a tailor-made is wanted, one
need not go in for manliness. Third la
this row was a tailor model that fur
nished a fine illustration of how th
different features of several popula
styles may be blended harmoniously
In one dress by a skillful maker. It
shows that a gown may present th
blouse idea, be sot on a yoke and open
over a waistcoat effect. That it may
give a chance for a row of handsome
buttons, be built high about the throat,
offer a pair of revers and have a round
belt, and yet be 1n good taste. Thla
particular composite gown was so con
structed that there was no suggestion
of a mixture In It, and was of tan cloth
In tailor finish. The skirt was on the
popular Spanish flounce Idea, the up
per part overlapping the lower with a
narrow flounce, stitching finishing the
edges. Tiny revers flanked a tucked
vest, and collar and belt were brown
The bat topping this gown Is Illus
trative of a tendency toward the big
roll effect In many of the new hats, es
pecially those planned for elaborate
street dresses. Tulle Is rolled and cov
ered with veiling and then laid about
the brim, the result being at once mas
sive and light weight.
Hands of richly embroidered ma
terial are abundant among the new
trimmings, and their nature and the
manner of applying them are such that
they unfailingly dominate the dresses
they adorn. The last of this ipiartette
shows how strikingly they are employ
ed. This trimming was white satin
embroidered with silk In several bright
colors and finished at each edge; with
black velvet. The dress goods was
lavender peau de sole, tucked in collar,
yoke anil sleeves, and belted with
black satin. Some of the newest rib
bons are Is-autifully stamied and are
used for this son of trimming, but tne
desired medium Is something ornate
ami highly wrought. So plain ribbon
Is einployisl that is overlaid with heavy
lace, the design of the lace being fol
lowed In chenille.
We may cling to blouse models In oui
tailor rigs If our figures will (litis be
greatly favored, but especial care
should be taken that either In finish o
cut tho rig should e plainly In tone!
with the new standards. The eoloi
chosen, too, should be among the latet
acceptances, but attending lo this point
alone Is not enough. Two acceptnbli
models of this sort are put here by lite
artist. The first was castor cloth, re
vers, vest and belt being white cloth.
The action of the building tralee
council In pressing the heads of the de
partments to put Into force the eight
hour law relative to the errj'oyment of
mecha nice and laborers 'TTJblli; work.
Is to be carried Into cou
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