The Sioux County journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1888-1899, October 14, 1897, Image 7

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    AN ABLE LAWYERS' OPINION
PLAIN STATEMENT OF GROW
ING JUDICIAL EVILS.
The Supremo Court Arrogates to
Itself Highly Dangerous and Un
constitutional Prlvl'eges The
Situation Clearly Explained.
Oinaha, Neb., Oct. 11. One of the
best out of town lawyers in the state
was In the city today. In conversation
with a reporter for ttiiH paper, he said
the people make a grevious error In
not showing a greater and more search
ing interest in the selection of Judge.;
Continuing along these lines, he said:
TUB JlDICIARY.
"There Is no branch of our govern
ment with which the people are more
frequently brought In contact than
the Judiciary, and yet it is
the branch of which they have
the most Imperfect understand
ing. It is because of this, that
while they abhor despotism, they tol
erate powers by the courts, which if
exercised by any other department (if
the government, would arouse a storm
of indignant protests."
"The belief is common, that the sev
eral branches of our government con
fine themselves to the exercise of ouch
powers rm ere embraced In the cl:u;;
iflcatlon usually found in the text
books, that is, the legislature to mak
ing laws, the Judiciary to interpret a
ting the Jaws, and th" executive o en
forcing laws. Just how mistaken Is
this belief will lie better understood by
an examination of the library of a suc
cessful lawyer. The walls are literally
covered with lvooks. Ninety-nine per
cent of the books are reports of the de
cisions of the courts of the several
states of the union. These are the
books that the lawyer consults and
carries with him to court as author
ities on what the law actually is.
Among; the hundreds of reports yon
may find ten or fifteen small books
called session laws or statutes. These
are the laws enacted by the legislature.
In our own state we have about fifty
volumes of supreme court reports, each
containing not less than 800 pages. Of
the session laws we have about fifteen
copies, containing, on an average, of
not to exceed 400 pages each. In other
words, while the legislature of the
state has written f.,000 paecs of law,
the supreme court has written 40,000
pages.
"The question naturally arises, how
can such a condition of affairs arise
under our form of government? To a
lawyer the question presents no dif
ficulty. Statute law, or law enacted by
the legislature, regulates but a small
part of the affairs of men. One .night
know It all perfectly, word for word,
and yet not be a laywrr. The great
body of the law is what is known
among lawyers as the common law.
The books are full of definitions of the
term, but In the last analysis It
amounts to this, It is the opinion of the
court of Inst resort, authoritively an
nounced, on the case presented. New
cases arise from time to time that have
never been presented to any
court and which fall within no provi
sion of any statute. When such a case
is presented to the court of last re
sort, it passes upon it authoratively,
formulates the principles applicable to
it, and the result is, a new principle
has been incorporated into the body of
the common law; to all Intents and
purposes, a law has been passed by the
court instead of the legislature. There
la the uncertainty about such a law,
bevever; a case involving the sume
principles may come before the court
at the same or any future Bitting, and
the court may arrive at the conclusion
that the former decision was wrong
and overrule It. Thus it will he seen
that the court not only enacts laws,
but may repeal them."
"Iiut the courts not only trench
upon the province of the legislative,
but upon that of the executive as well.
A system of rules and precedents have
grown up by which they are permitted
to Issue orders in cases brought before
them, which have all the force and ef
fect of a criminal statute. The char
acter of such orders and the circum
stances under which they will Issue
depend largely upon the whim of the
Judge. Fly such rules men have been
prohibited from quitting the employ
of an obnoxious employer, from urg
ing others to refuse to work for Inad
equate wagos, from walking upon the
public highway, from exercising the
constitutional right of free speech,
from enforcing laws duly passed by
the legislature, and one man 1 know of
was prohibited from entering his own
place of business. An Infraction of
huch an order is termed contempt of
court. The punishment, like the or
der, depends upon the whim of the
Judge. The offender Is tried, not by a
Jury of bis peers, but by the Judge
whose order ho has treated with con
tempt. The punishment is by fine and
Imprisonment, and Is meted out by an
ofllcer of the court, which means prac
tically by the court Itself. Thus Is
one man permitted to enact a law. In
terpret and apply It and to carry It
Into execution; to combine in himself
the legislative, the Judicial and the ex
ecutive powers. Wherever these three
powers resido In one man, or class of
men, there is despotism, whether such
men are called Judges or autocrats,
lawyers stand aghast at tho rapid
strides In tho direction of despotism
made by the courts within the past
twenty years, and ama.ed at tho blind
ness of the people to tho tendency in
that direction."
' When one hints at any wrong doing
of tho courts he is met with the cry
that ho Is assailing the courts. J nut
why tho courts should enjoy tho dis
tinction of being above criticism Is a
little difficult to understand. From a
constitutional standpoint they do not
out rank the other departments of the
government, yet It liaH never been re
corded as a sacrilege to criticise
either of the other departments. In
fact It Is generally supposed that such
criticism has a good, wholesome ef
fect. If It hns such an affect upon tho
legislature and the executive, ts It not
at least reasonable to suppose that t
will have a like effect upon the Judl -lary?
The only possible reason th
It Is not more frequently Indulged
la that the oourta have a more direct
end ffeetlve mesrns of showing their
MMnt merit."
'"I he foiei-oing th betr enables one
to appri- liiti', an Judge Sullivan said In
a peech In ix:il, the wisdom of the
fc'otcli adage, 'To know the law yo4
linii i hiiovt iy judge who administers
It.' You must know the bent of his
ml ml,' t lie direction of his sympathies
the influences to which he subject
and the company he keeps. No human
being can puss upon a disputed point
wholly uninfluenced by any of these
things. Judges are not wholly exempt
from the frailties of the common lot."
"Such being the case, all talk of a
con-partisan judiciary Is idle. The man
who has not taken one side or the
other of the great questions of the day
1b unworthy of a place on the bench
or in any other branch of the public
6rvici vllavlng taken such stand,
the education, the influences and as
sociations that impelled him to do so
will follow him to the bench, and, to
a greater or less extent, color all his
official acts. Does any one imagine that
the Dred Scott decision could have
been written by a judge bred In the
school of Abraham Lincoln, or the
opinion in the income tax case could
have been prepared by a Jeffersonion
democrat? fn both of these cases, it
was not the learning of counsel nor
the wealth of authorities cited that
forced the decision in one way rather
than the other, but the natural or ac
quired bent of the minds, the direction
of the sympathies and the associa
tions of the Judges who rendered them.
The great political questions of today
sooner or later will, in some form or
another reach the courts. And Just as
Biirelv as the decisions above stated
were the result of the political views
of the judges who rendered them, so
will the political views of the judges
color the decisions of political ques
tions coming before them in the fu
ture. If this be true, and thcte f:.i.
be no doubt of it. then it is .m a?
portnnt to the voter that the bench
should be ailed with men In sympathy
with his Views as that llie u gu,... . e
hails should be filled with men of his
party. The people have a right to rep
resentation when the laws are intfr
preted as well as when they were
made. It Is Just as essential to a rep
resentative form of government that
the laws bo Interpreted in harmony
with the will of the majority, as It is
that the laws themselves reflect such
will. And when It la remembered that
the court arogates to Itself, not only
the power to Interpret and apply the
law, but to legislate and to execute
the law, the Importance of having
Judges in sympathy with the people
becomes more obvious. Important as
It Is that the other departments of tho
government be manned by the friends
of reform their work will come to
naught If the bench is filled from the
ranks of the enemy. It Is no profit to
a man that his friends make the laws
If his enemies he permitted to Inter
pret them."
"The time Is ripe to turn upon the
courts the white light of truth. Any
objection to the open and fair crit
icism of the courts, as well as of other
branches of the public service, can
originate only with those, who, because
of the character of their deeds, love
darkness rather than light. The time
is ripe to place a limit upon the grow
ing power and Insolence of the courts
and to force them back within the
constitutional boundaries of their
power, and to the friends of reform the
people look for the accomplishment of
this work. Ix;t no man falter."
Ordered to Account.
Lincoln, Oct. 11. S. A. D. Shilling,
receiver for the failed Merchants' bank,
has filed a supplemental report In dis
trict court in regard to the affairs of
the bank. He states that since filing
his second report he has been in cor
respondence with several persons who
claim to hold assests as collateral se
curity on money loaned the bank; that
he has been unable to find anything
about it on the books. He says that
the list that he has obtained and the
one that the bank's books show are
not alike, there being a discrepancy In
the books of the bank. He further
states that ha has reason to believe
that certain assets were Improperly
disposed of prior to the suspension of
the bank; that he has asked for explan
ations from Crawford, the former
cashier, and has not received them.
Therefore, he prays the court to cite
C. M. Crawford to appear and answer
the question which he deems most
necessary to the settlement of the af
fairs of the bank. The order prayed
for was Issued and Crawford is cited
to appear October 13.
New Stores at Ashland.
Sheldon, Neb., Oct. 11. Fred But
zeres and his assistants, who did the
brick work on the five new brick store
rooms, completed their work and re
turned to their homes In Hastings Sat
urday. When these rooms are com
pleted and the boiler and steam heat
ing machinery are put In place no finer
stores can be found in central Nebras.
ka. Many workmen have found em
ployment during their construction. As
many as thirty men have leen em
ployed at one time. This, with other
Improvements, has made Shelton a
busy town, and no one who cared to
work at good wages lacked employ
ment. Already more than fifty double-deck
cars of sheep have arrived for winter
feeding, and several hundred thousand
heal are yet on the way.
A Youthful Criminal.
Tccnmseh, Neb., Or t. 11. Willie Ke
pan. the lad arrested here last Saturday
with a gang of pickpockets, was re
leased from the custody of the county
Jailer today. He was given a hearing
In Judgo Ilrandon's court and a case
was not made against him. Ho says
he Is 13 years of age, his home Is In
Chicago and that he with a companion
recently ran nway from that city with
a view of seeing the big world. At
torneys 8. M. True and Frank Dlns-mcg-e
appeared for the hoy. He will
ha sent home.
A Serious Charge.
Nebraska City, Oct. 11. Adam
Rchrone, a saloon keeper of Syracuse,
was arrested Saturday upon a charge
preferred b'' Miss Mary Hrechtel, the
daughter of a wall-known farmer liv
ing neur Syracuse. He waived exami
nation and was hound over to the dis
trict court. Me gave bond la the sum
of 1,000 for his appearanc
OFFICIAL BALLOT DECIDED.
"SILVER REPUBLICANS" AND
"NATIONAL DEMOCRATS"
Get on the Ticket Secretary of
State Porter So Decides After
Hearing the Arguments Pro and
Con Other State News.
Lincoln, Neb., Oct. 11. Secretary of
State Porter rendered his decision late
Saturday evening in the protest cases
against allowing the nominations
of the "silver republicans'' and
"national democrats" to appear upon
the official ballot. He decided that both
could be placed on the ticket.
Concerning the silver republicans,
Secretary of State Poter says:
First: An organiation calling them
selves silver republicans had as
sembled in the city of Lincoln under
a call and with the number of delegates
required by law, made their nomina
tions and adopted a party emblem and
adopted the party name of "Silver Re
publicans Forty," o appear on the of
ficial ballot as "Silver Republicans."
The charge that the designation is de-'ce-pitive,
and whether for intent or
otherwise, is liable to deceive the vot
ers is in my judgment not well found
ed, for the reason that the silver re
publican organization severed itself
from the regular republican party
solely upon the issue of the free coin
age of silver, and I can conceive of no
name they might have adopted to bet-
than "Silver Republicans."
Taking into consideration the fact
I that under our present form of ballot
: each ticket or set of party candidates
will be printed in a separate column,
with a distinct party emblem, and for
tho reason aforesaid that the very
name adopt eel by the organization
aforesaid designates the true difference
between them and the regular republi
can party, I am constrained to believe
that there is no reason why any voter
should be deceived by the aforesaid
party name. Therefore T am compelled
to find that the protest of the aforesaid
J. R. Webster Is not well founded and
Is hereby overruled, and that the afore
said candidates of the party calling
themselves "Silver Republicans" may
properly appear on the official baUot
tinder the designation of "Silver Re
publican i
After reciting the preliminary facts,
the secretary says concerning the na
tional democrats:
"In answer to the charge that the
term national democrat is intended to
deceive, I am constrained to believe
that this In part may be true, and that
the party name should be properly
called "Gold Democrats," as this
would have defined their political be
lief as in the case of the silver repub
licans. While I believe that the or
ganization calling themselves national
democrats has adopted a name which
may possibly be deceptive in its na
ture, yet there being a difference be-twi-en
it and tho designation of the
regular democratic party, by the pre
fixing tho word "National," whlcn,
taken together with reasons as stated
above, In the case of Webster against
Sullivan, and believing it was not the
Intention of law to deprive any citizen
of the right to vote for candidates rep
resenting his principles, but simply to
prevent fraud and deception, I am com
pelled to overrule the objections of the
said James C. Dahlman as not well
founded and that the aforesaid candi
dates of the national democratic party
may properly appear on the official
ballot as "National Democrats."
In the contest Joseph R. Webster of
Omaha and G. M. Lambertson of Lin
coln represented the gold standard re
publicans and G. E. Hibner of Lin
coln and James W. Carr of Omaha, the
silver republicans.
The contention of the free silver re
publicans was that they had taken the
proper steps under the statute, the
new ballot law, for forming a new
party; that the party designation, "free
silver republican," did not conflict
with the prohibition of the statute
against taking the name of an old
party. The statute provides that new
narties shall not "use any of the old
party names nor the party emblems."
It was contended by the free silver at
torneys that the proper construction
of this statute was that the legislature
did not intend that no part of an old
party name should be used, but that
the name selected and lined by the new
party should not he the entire name of
an old party; that the Intent was that
there should not be tw'o parties of ex
actly the same name. They also argued
that there would be no confusion In
the voters' mind, nor a misleading of
the voter where the distinguishing
word was used as In their case.
GOLDBUG CONTENTION.
The republican attorneys claimed
that the republican party had an ex
clusive right to use the word republi
can In Its party designation, and tho
attempted use by the silver republicans
was an Infrigement upon their rights.
Lambertson went Into a discussion of
what he considered the prominent
tenets (if republican belief, and said
that the protective tariff was one of
these, and that tho stiver republicans
were not republicans, because they
were opposed to this. He read the sil
ver republican platform, and declared
that this enunciation of principles was
opposod' throughout to tho principles
of the republican party, and that the
attempt to use the name republican
under these circumstances was an at
tempt to deceive the voter by taking
the name republican and misleading
him Into voting for what was erron
eously held out. to him as a republican
party in some respects.
Tho argument on the protest filed by
Chairman James C. Dahlman against
the certificate of nomination filed by
"the Nebraska friends of Mr. Cleve
land," who designated themselves as
"national democrats," was taken up In
the afternoon. I. J. Dunn represented
Dahlman, nnd Chairman A. J. Sawyer
ami Secretary Frank Heller of the na
tional democratic state central commit
tee and W. D. McIIugh represented the
defense In this case.
NEVER SO IIL1ND, ETC.
Sawyer refused to admit that there
wtm a regularly called nnd held demo
cratic national convention at Chicago
last summer. Tho attorneys for Uia
inan on the stand to prove this and
ether matters relative to the content
In that Chicago convention between :
the "friends of Mr. Cleveland" and the I
true democratic representative from j
Nebraska. It was shown that the na
tional convention decided that the,
party which is represented by Dahl- ;
man as chairman is the legal demo
cratic organization in this sUte. Dahl- ,
man followed the history of the bolt ,
of the gold democrats at Omaha In ;
1894, and the subsequent history of !
their contention that they are entitled
to the use of the designation "demo
crat" in this state. After this the
argument was opened by Dunn for the
protestors, and Sawyer and Heller
spoke for the certificate as filed by the
"national democrats."
The argument of Sawyer on behalf of
the "national democratic" ticket was
in the main on the same line as that
advanced by the free silver republi
cans in their defense of their right to
use the name selected by them. In ad
dition to this he made the further con
tention that the "national democrats"
bad a recognized standing as a politi
can party in this state and that they
were the lineal descendants, or there
was a chain of apostolic succession
from the gang of bolters who assem
bled around the punch bowl in the
Paxton hotel in Omaha in 1894 down
to himself, as he appeared In his ca
pacity of chairman of the state central
committee. The point which had been
raised that the word "national," added
to the word "democratic," had grown
by usage to be looked upon as desig
nating the party in the whole country
as distinguished from the party in a
state or smaller community, he said,
was not good for the purpose of which
It was invoked, namely: To show that
there would be confusion and deception
of voters.
THE ONLY SIMON PURE.
Sawyer said he did not know of any
other national democratic party than
the faction with which he is identified.
There has been one, he said, but it
had been wiped out some time ago. His
organization, he contended, was en
titled to use the designation "demo
cratic" because its members had al
ways been democrats and had not nom
inated for office candidates from other
parties. He contended that there was
no formation of a new party, but that
the gold faction of the democratic
party had merely changed its name;
that it is the same party which has
been recognized on the official ballots
of the past three years under a new
name. He said that his faction was en
titled to use the designation demo
cratic for the further reason that its
members had always nominated demo
crats for office and had not taken its
candidates from other parties.
Dunn, in behalf of the protest, made
the point that the permission to use
the word democrat in connection with
his party designation would confuse
and mislead voters. lie contended that
there had never been a recognition by
the courts or other recognized tribunal!
of the right of the old faction calling
themselves democrats to use the name.
That the courts had stopped short of
such a declaration and there had been
only tho contention of the members
of that faction or pretended party that
they had a recognizrd position in this
state. He said the legislature had in
tended evidently to stop this conten
tion, which had been going on for
years, and had passed the law now in
force.
PROTESTS AGAINST SWITZLER.
Dunn supported the protest against
the nomination of Warren Switzler to
fill the vacancy made by the declina
tion of J. M. Woolworth, and contend
ed that the law was plain that the fill
ing of vacancies must be made by a
committee authorized by the nominat
ing convention, and that committee
must be named by the convention. It
had been brought out in testimony
from Frank Heller that the convention
had by resolution authorized the ex
ecutive committee of the state central
committee to .fill vacancies, and this
executive committee had been selected
by the members of the central co-ri-mltte
after the adjournment of the
convention. This, Dunn urged, was not
a compliance with the law.
Dunn submitted that the "national
democrats" were entitled to use the
name democrats either from usage or
they were not. If they were not then
they could not use the form of name
presented in the certificate. If they
had been entitled to the use of the
name heretofore they had forfeited
that right when they changed their
name and formed a new party. If the
latter was the condition of the fliers of
the certificate then they had failed to
comply with the plain provisions of
the law regarding the formation of
new parties and they had no right to
ask a place on the ballot.
Dunn scored Sawyer on his definition
of his (Sawyer's) faction as true demo
crats because they had never nominat
ed men belonging to other parties. The
Instance in which the party had done
this in nominating Horace Greeley was
cited and also a case nearer home,
where the leaders of the "national
democrats" hail insisted on tho Doug
las county democratic convention nom
inating an avowed republican.
Secretary Porter at a late hour this
afternoon took the cause under ad
visement and announced his decision
tonight, as given above.
There was quite an audience of po
liticians at the hearing nnd during the
afternoon ex-Secretary of State J. A.
Piper dropped In to see how such
things looked from the outside, he hav
ing have had some experience In decid
ing protests himself hist ypar.
The protesting parties will, It Is said,
take the cases to the courts, as Is pro
vided in the new ballot law.
The secretary of stale today received
a letter from Judge Crawford, who was
nominated by the "friends of Mr.
Cleveland" for regent, In which Craw
ford says he had several days ago de
clined the nomination.
Tom Majors' Mandamus Case.
Auburn, Neb., Oct. 11. The man
dnmus case of Thomas J, Majors
ngalnst the hoard of education of the
Slato Normal school was taken up by
Judge Stull Inst Friday and on appli
cation of tho defendants the rase was
continued till tho ISth of this month.
The defendants In their answer aver
thnt the mandamus Is not the proper
remedy and allege (hat Thomas A.
Majors, the son, Is unfit morally to be
admitted to the school.
THE COST OF KISSLS. j
Like Diana's Kins, Unasked, Love '
Gives Itself.
The kiba "unasked, unsought," isn't
of much valuta to anyone, the iiijiiougi.i
kibi that "gives ilbelf" in btbl ol ail.
Iiut there ate bought kibot ai.-u, and
their price is a veiy tluUuaUiig out- in I
Ibi market.
Sometimes it is 20 cents, somtt.mes
its $75,0u0. It depends upon the cir
cumstances, j
There was J. F. Hendricks of Co
bourg, Out., for instance. He is sev-enty-aix
years old, and of course one
of the leading citizens of ihe town.
Not long ago he drove his niece, a
teacher named Effie Pilkey, to her
home late at night and kissed her on
the way; also, it is to be presumed, on
the lips, as his action was a complete
surprise and Miss Pilkey had no time
to dodge.
In spite of the fact that Hendricks
was her uncle and had probably dand
led her on his knee when she was only
so high, Miss Pilkey relentlessly
brough suit for $2,000 damages in the
Cobourg Assizes, and of couise the case
was made a great sensation.
The judge put on his wisest looking
pair of spectacles, the jury didn't have
to pretend to look interested, for they
reaiiy were, and the testimony waa
listened to with breathless interest by
a throng of auditors by no means w hol
ly of the fair sex.
Whether because of the kisser's a
vvncular relation to the kissee or be-cau-e
tiny put a low valuation upon the
quality of stolen sweet, the jurors
awarded 20 cents damages, a trifle of
one-ten-thousandth part of the original
claim.
This is about the lowest quotation
on record, but then we have been pass
ing through an extra era of cheap
prices.
The usual charity fair rating is ten
times as high, or "$2 per." Charity
fair girls near Cobourg are said to be
agitated! by doubt whet her a mandamus
eight not be Issued to compel them
to sell kisses all for sweet charity's
sake at 20 cents straight or $2 a
dozen.
If the legal principle is thoroughly
established they will be called upon to
choose between discontinuing the busi
ness of purveying kisses and discrimin
ating between customers. Certainly a
girl can't be expected to kiss all comers
even for sweet charity at 20 cents per
comer.
A very high quality of kiss has been
sold in England repatedly in two cases.
Lady Gordon recruited a regiment by
kissing every recruit, a device which
would make a splendirj advertisement
for some of our stage beauties if we
were ever to go to war with Spain.
The other case was that of the lovely
Duchess of Devonshire, who corrupted
the electorate, in the bad old days of
the open ballot, by kissing everybody
who voted on her side, which was
probably the wrong side.
The most famous bought kiss of re
cent American history was that for
which a Brooklyn jury awarded $75.
000 .gainst "Baby Bunting" Arbuckle.
More correctly speaking it was a series
of kisses gained upon false pretenses
of a promise to marry, which contract
wasn't carried out. That was a great
rape! The jury sat for six days, the
lawyers waxed eloquent even unto teari
itnd the fair plaintiff wore her most
pitiful plaintive look.
Literary Landmark Cone.
A literary landmark of South Devon
will disappead this autumn. This Is
that charming old inn, the Ferry Boat,
at Cpombe Cellars, on the banks of the
River 'feign, between Teignmouth and
Newton abbot. Built of Devonshire
"cob" walls, and picturesquely thatch
ed, it has for many years past been
a place of pilgrimage for boating part
ies on picnics intent. Some few years
since S. Baring-Gould, the author of
that well known noevl "Mehalah."
made Coombe Cellars the scene of an
other novel, "Kitty Alone." It Is, In
deed, a place well suited for literary
and romantic treatment, being placed
on a little promontory of that broad
seasalt estuary of the Teign, surround
ed with sturdy sea walls, and corn
southern town of Dartmoor. All who
manding impressive views of the
know Coombe Cellars will learn with
regret that it has been decided to re
build this quaint old inn.
UtlllzlnR the Sun's Heat.
A French scientist calculates that
in an average day the sun will pour
on two and a half acres of ground heat
which might be turned into energy
equal to the muscle power of 4,163
horses. Mr. Mouchot believed that this
heat might utilized and made to do the
work now done by steam and electri
city. He found that by condensing
the heat playing on less than a yard
and a half of ground he could boil
two pints of water. By arresting sun
shine and condensing it small steam
engines have been operated success
fully In Paris, hut nothing has yet been
done to realize practically the great
lapsesof revolutionizing civilization by
using directly the enormous power
which comes to us daily from the sun.
This power is calculated at of 216,000.
000,000 horses, and a thousandth part
of 1 per cent of it wou'd run all the
factories the world will ever need.
Enterprising French Village.
In the commune of Monceau-sur-Olse,
not far from Taris, a little vil
lage of only 250 inhabitants, the streets
are lighted by electricity, electric lights
are found in the church, in all the
houses and even in the stables, and the
farm buildings In the neighborhood of
the village are Illuminated In the same
manner. More thtn this, the com
mune possesses a large thrashing ma
chine driven by electric power and
capable of thrashing 900 sheaves of
grain per hour, besides turnip cutters,
crushers, sorters, pumps and other ag'
rlcultural machinery, all sot In mo
tion by electricity. The power is de
rived from, a waterfall and by oom
blnlne their Interests the Inhabitants
of the commune have made science
illuminate their itreets and houses at
nlp.hl and drive their lmtcinnea by d:iy
more cheaply thHn these things could
be dona by the old methods.
Few flowers are seen on the autumn
hats, and those which are used are
not In their natural colors. There ara
gray Rllk petnled roses, for example,
and gree i sprays of lllnr
FOR THE KITCHEN.
For au omelet eoullle wparate tlx
egs, UifRHiire and cilt thtte tublea
tpoonf ul of powdi r d btmar. See that
the oven i hit and have everything
in readiness, l.eat the while of the
tfps to a veiy Miff froth. Heat the
yolks of three if.'gK add theiu to the
whites; add a gioted rind of half a
lemon, the sugar and a ttaspixinful of
lemon juice; mix quickly. Heap into
a baking dish, dust vviih powdered
gugar, and bake in a quick oven for
five or eight minutes. Serve hot and
as quickly as posMule.
Most g?me birds and animals, be
cause of al ife of ceaseless activity, do
not take on fat, and such should be
larded, or cooked with slices of bacon
or salt pork placed on them. Do not
cerve birds with heads on and un
drawn, as is quite generally practiced
the latter point being a relic of sav
agery, the former an offense to sen
sitive nerves. It is pleasanter to en
joy a bit of choice flesh without being
so forcibly reminded that we are cit
ing dead birds. This is not the only
instance where realishm is inartistic.
Ducks, in point of quality, rank as
follows: Canvasback. redhead, mall
ard and teal. The canvasback prob
ably outranks everything in way of
game in the estimation of good livers.
No seasonings or spices are used In
its cooking; none could add to its per
fect flavor. Pliuk, singe and draw the
birds, wiping out he inside with a
cloth wet in salt water, never washing;
truss, dust lightly with salt (inside and
outside), and bake twenty-five minutes
in a hot oven. Baste often in melted
butter and hot water one part butter
to three of water. If preferred rare
(conceded the better way), cook only
twentv minutes. In serving, pour
over the liquor yielding in the cooking.
Lemon sandwiches are made by
scenting both the bread and butter ut
ter. Trim the crust from a loaf of
fresh bread: put it into a large butter
pot or soup tureen, and surround it
with lemon peel. Take a sufficient
quantity of butter, about half a
pound, cover It with grated lemon,
wrap in wax paper, put it also in the
tureen and allow it to remain over
night. When you are making the
sandwiches rub the butter down until
a little soft; add gradually the juice of
one lemon and four tablespoonfuls of
finely chopped parsley. Spread it on
the bread, put two slices together and
cut into the desired shape.
FASHION HINTS FOR WINTER.
Feathers are used in profusion.
All the tints of gray are high in fa
vor. The original picture hat is tha
favorite model for the winter.
Brims cove.ed wi h Roman pearls are
one of the novelties of the season,
A fluffy feather boa acts as the sole
trimming for many an artistic hat.
Hats of shirred velvet are much
worn, and chenille hats are also the
vogue.
There are a number of fetching Vic
torian pokes, which are warranted to
make even the plain girl a picture.
The English turban, pure and sim
ple, is a particularly fashionable model
and there are hats in plenty this year
to suit every type of woman, no mat
ter how fastidious she may be.
The black velvet hat is high in fash
ionable favor. Frequently it is all
black, save a knot of some gay colored
velvet caught under the brim or peep
ing out from amid the nodding feath
ers. Gainsborough velvet hats will be
very much worn and many of them
are trimmed with feathers three
quarters of a yard long. A picturesque
Gainsborough in a deep gray velvet is
trimmed merely with one long, pale,
silvery-gray plume and a. large fine
cut steel buckle.
The English turbans are of a stiff
felt. One, which is a particularly fash
ionable model, is made of beige color
ed felt. Around the edge of the tur
ban is a band of brown shirred vel
vet. In the direct front is a large owl's
head, with the feathers of the owl
spread out at each side.
A Remarkable Corn Field.
Professor Thomas L. Cox, who has
recently returned from Morrilton, says
crops are unusually good in that vicin
ity, a-nd prosperity is knocking at the
door of every citizen. He says there
is one cornfield near Morrilton that
will produce 200 bushels to the acre.
This is a remarkable statement, and
yet he declares that it is true. Until
a year or so ago there was a lake near
Morrilton cohering about 10,000 acres.
When the big floods came two years
ago, an opening was made by the surg
ing water which carried off all the
water of this lake when the Hoods sub
sided. The bed of the lake dried up
and left the richest soil the world ever
saw. It is ten feet deep, and nothing
the River Nile ever produced could ex
cel it. This year Mills and Halley have
a crop of corn on about 1,000 acres of
this land. They sowed the corn broad
cast like wheat, and the stalks are
strong as saplings, and scores of
"shoots" came from every stalk. Be
sides the big ears on the stalks, the
"shoots" are also loaded down. "It . .
the most remarkable coin crop ever
produced in the world," declared Pro
fessor Cox, and, to make the story even
more Interesting, he ended it by de
claring that a "coon" was caught be
tween the stalks, and. being unable to
extricate Itself because they were t.
thick, was killed by those who came
upon It."
Street Lighting In Paris.
It is exactly 200 years since the cities
of France have been lighted at. night,
though ('biff of Police Iai Reyale has
caiihcd lanterns to be used regulari
in Paris thirty years before. In the
edict Issued by King Louis XVI. in
1697, ordering the innovation, he says:
"Of nil the arrangements made In our
good town of Paris there Is none whose
usefulness Is dearer and more gen
erally admitted than thnt of the lant
erns which light the streets, and as we
believe It our duty to care no less for
the safety and convenience of the other
towns In our kingdom we have determ
ined to establish the same system In
them and provide the means for con
tinuing It forever." The system con
sisted In hnnglng a lantern with a
lighted candle In It across the middle
of the longer streets.