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About The Sioux County journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1888-1899 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 30, 1897)
THE ANGLE OF DISCONTENT.
When the world was formed and the
Upon their paths were sent.
The loftiest-browed of the angels was
The Angel of Discontent.
And he dwelt with man jn the caves of
Where the crested serpents sting.
And the tiger tears and the she-wolf
And he told of better things.
And he led man forth to the towered
And forth to the fields of corn:
And told of the ampler work ahead
For which his race was born.
And he whispers to men of those hills he
In the blush of the misty west;
Ad they look to the heights of his lifted
And they hate tbe name of rest.
In the light of that eye does the slave
A hope that is high and brave;
And 1he madness of war cornea into his
for he knows himself a slave.
The serfs of wrong by the light of that
March with victorious songs;
For the strength of the right comes into
When they behold their wrongs.
'Tis by tbe light of that lifted eye
That Error's mists are rent;
A guide to the table-lands of Truth
Is the Angel of Discontent.
And still he looks with his lifted eye,
And his glance is far away,
On a light that shines on the glimmering
Of a diviner day.
Sam W. Foss in Yankee Blade.
Government by Injunction.
Ex-Gov. Altgeld made a speech in
Philadelphia on Lalwr Day which has
aurprised the politicians of the conti
nent. With scarcely a word of refer
ence to the silver question, he discussed
at length the various problems of labor
and government ownership of railroads
and telegraphs, and the need of postal
savings banks, but the most 'nterest
lng feature of his address and the ques
tion receiving the largest share of at
tention was "Government by Injunc
tion." It was a vigorous and able de
nunciation of present methods from
which we make a few quotations:
Glancing at this proceeding, we find
that it entirely supersedes government by
law and the forms of law as guaranteed
by th-3 constitution, and it substitutes gov
ernment acording to the old whims, ca
price, or prejudice of an individual, and
ia therefore a clear usurpation of power
and a crime.
When the law forbids or commands
omething no injunction Is necessary;
when, therefore, an injunction forbids or
commands something that is not forbid
den or commanded by law, it is legislation
pure and simple, and, therefore, a usur
pation of power and a violation of the
constitution and a high crime within :he
meaning of that instrument.
It is the function of the legislature to
define crime and to declare what yets
shall be punishable, and also to fix the
punishment, and when, therefore, a judge
undertakes to do these thing, he usurps
the functions of the legislature.
The law hus created special tribunals
and special machinery to enforce the
criminal law, and courts of chicanery
have no power to arrogate this to them
selves and substitute contempt proceed
ing for the forms prescribed by law. In
those cases in which an injunction is
made to cover what is already forbidden
by law it is simply a device to rob a man
of a trial by jury, for when he is charged
with violating the law he must be tried
by a jury, according to the forms of law,
but when charged with violating an In
junction he can be railroaded to prison
without any ceremony.
All of these proceedings In the federal
eonrU ar an attempt to do things that
belong exclusively to the police powers of
, each locality, in the administration ' o.
which these courts cannot interfere with
out being guilty of usurpations. .
Bat depriving men of a trial oy jury
aud sobbing them of their liberty and im
prisoning them without a trial, according
tVtHe forms prescribed by law, is a vio
lating C tbe constitution and a , high
It cannot be denied that this exhibi
tion of one mas power, which is shown
t dearly by lata Injunctions, la arous
ing the people m never before to tbe
or roach men ta of the spirit of mon
archy. The calling of this power to tbe
lid of corporations and monopolistic
eeaabioattona la faat . awakening tbe
Asjarteu people to a moat threatening
Cacser. It to to bo hoped it the
WMt NOT TURN THE TABLES?
slumlering spirit or lllierty may yet
be revived, and when It is again re
vived government by Injunction Ik one
of the evils that will be wiped out.
Why Increase the Army?
General O. O. Howard wants the Uni
ted States army increased to 4!,ooO of
ficers and men. He has gone so far as
to write an article to the Forum about
Just why General Howard sets tbe
figure at 41),0OO is not especially cleai.
Why not make it 50,000. oi" !),ooo, or
IKHJ.OOO? The figure of 49,000 Is ridic
ulously small. If the general wants ail
army that shall le able to whip all
creation, and it is altogether too large
if he wants the troops for wrna mental
purposes. The general urges that war
comes suddenly nowadays ami ends
shortly, and as proof cites the facts
that Prussia whipjs-d Austria in six
week?, that Germany overran France
in seven months, and that the late war
between Turkey and Greece was a nrit
ter of a few weeks. AdiniUing ail
this, what good would 40.000 officers
and men do tbe United States in case
An English writer, discussing the
possibility of war with the United
States, says: "It is difficult to conceive
that we could not have 200,000 men on
the Canadian frontier long before the
United States could train and equip
50,000. England Is ready, and the Uni
ted States is in no way ready."
Wouldn't those 200,000 British troops
take General Howard's 19.000 officers
and men and carry thevn off In their
It is all nonsen' to talk about a
standing army of 4!.000 officers and
men. If this country is going to de
pend on the regv.ar army for protec
tion, put a millioj men in arms at once
and be done wit'.i It. Tbe army Is large
enough now Utf all practical purposes.
The United Vates must depend on her
citizens to tVfend her In cas? of war.
A large stfcndtug army would be un
American tnd a crime.
A FnthinK Arraignment.
"In no country and in no age have
the higher courts been on the side of
the people or of liberty. They are
everywhere tho exponents and defend
ers of that force which for the Um
being dominates the land.
"Since the wsr the higher couns
have, as a ru!', occupied the same posi
tion toward th corporations and
money power that they formerly did
toward slaver), and for thirty years
they have beea regarded as cities of
refuge by corporations. In some re
spects they havj. done more to bring
about the present unhappy conditions
than has Congress, for Congress did
occasionally pasg a measure intended
for the protection and relief of the peo
ple. But almost ery ore of these
acts has been kilted by judicial con
struction. At the name time tbe law
has been strained to deprive tbe bum
ble man of his liberty, to defeat trial
by 'ury, and to desnoy the safeguards
which the Constitution has thrown
around the citizen. The darkest fore
bodings of Jefferson have been real
"But these things should not discour
age our people, for tbe courts have
never yet permanently stopped human
progress. The colonies were freed in
spite of tbe Chief Justice of Kngla
Jefferson sated the liberties of the
American pimple, in spite of the Fed
eral Judicial?. Jackson triumphed in
spite of the Supreme Court, aad slavery
went down In aplte of the decision of
Chief Justice Taney." j. c-Gov. AHgeid
of Illinois, in an address fn Brooklyn,
Public Peotimcnt Crowine Rapidly,
Public ownership of national monop
olies is Jhe coming issue. Conditions
are daily creating a stronger public
sentiment In every quarter of the coun
try for this solution of the gravest
proldem before tbe American people.
Governor PIngrce, of Michigan, one
of the sta richest friends of the people
and good government, has ever used
bis efforts against the growing oppres
sion and domination of monopolies.
But he has always contended that It
was better for the government to con
trol than to own these monopolies. lie
now sees Hint bis remedy Is Inadequate,
lie now sees the monopolies defying
and controlling tbe government, In
stead of the government controlling
then. In a recent statement, he said:
' "I am loth to surrender my belief In
rounielpnl control and accept the doc
trine of municipal ownership; but I
am free to confess that I am being
shalt pay Fivinq' wages.
Tou shalt not nunpluck
fffiou. stltnot import
noil snn TnnTPnnnjro
gradually forced into the position of au
advocate of public ownership. The
methods of franchise holders compel
it, as also the ignorance and venality of
many of the people's representatives.
After some seven years of
struggle against extortionate rates and
the exploitation of watered stock, I
must confess that my bold on munici
pal control is feeble. The methods of
franchise holders are forcing the ex
pedient of municipal ownership, and
yet they expend large sums of money
to defend themselves against munici
pal ownership." New Time.
The more the shooting of the coal
miners near Hazelton, Pa., is consider
ed the worse does it' appear. Testi
mony has been piled up against the
sheriff aud deputies until It is over
whelming. Principal Guscolt of the
Lattimer schools stood upon he steps
of the sehoolhouse as tho Jeputies
marched up before them, ud souti
afterward the strikers appeared upon
the scene. In frout of tae latter
walked two little boys, hand in hand.
The sheriff stepped over to the miners
and began talking to them la an ex
citable manner. In tbe confusion that
followed he was hustled Into a ditch,
but he was not knoc ked down.
A volley from the whole force of
deputies followed, and the miners
started to run away. As they ran they
were shot, shot down like nosloti ani
mals, in mere wantonness and blood
frenzy. One wonuded man who was
making for the schoolbouse as fust as
be could was shot in the back at a dis
tance of 300 feet, and killed. Another
victim, who was hurt badly lu both
legs, was shot in the back also, with
fatal results, as he was crawling
away. When the principal walked
over the ground he found the two lit
tle boys who were at the head of the
procession lying dead, side by aide. In
examiniug some forty of the dead and
wounded he discovered only one small
pistol. Yet the firing upon these de
fenseless men, who were led by chil
dren, was continued for from ten to
fifleem minutes. Most of the wounds
were In the back.
A German Catholic priest named
Forve had long talis with the wounded
In his sacred character, and is poslt've
that the strikers were peaceably dis
posed. The aggressiou was all on the
side of the sheriff, who assaulted one
of their leader. Martin seems to have
been completely carried away by anger
Indignation over this shocking af
fair will not die out in a few days. It
will go on increasing. The country
has hardly begun to realize its sig
nificance. Sheriff Martin has stamped
trufu upon the lies of anarchists. Chi
There is always employment enough
for everyltody. All wages are higher
than in justice they ought to be. All
trusts exist for the benevolent pur
pose of making necessary articles
cheaper for the poor. All men, rich or
poor, enjoy equal rights in this free
republic, and if one remains poor It
is liecause he la Idle and shiftless, while
if any attain wealth it Is by virtue of
the superior qualities of thrift ami in
dustry. If you suggest that perhaps
the starving McCarthys did not have
quite as good a chance as George
Gould, Whldorf Astor or Cornelius Van
derbllt, you are a dangerous revolu
tionist. If you think you are out of a
job, if you happen to work in a sweat
shop and regard the pny as starveling,
if you believe that tbe oil, sugar and
beef trusts Increase the cost of your
daily subsistence why, just read the
Sun and discover that all your evils are
the creation of your imagination alone.
New York Journal.
A Real Ucmcrarr.
In a Democracy, where the majority
Is assumed to rule, to be in reality the
governing power, there should be no
power, uo litw, no privilege, no pre
cedent, no constitutional or other legis
lative enactment that for a moment
should stand between that majority
and the exercise of that power assum
ing, of course, it is a Just power to be
Justly exercised. No man, no set of
men, no President, no House, no Hen
atp, no lobby, no Judge, no court of one
nor of five or ten, or of more or less
judges should 'stand between the ma
jority and Its Just wish and desire. If,
then, the majority should rule the peo
ple should have an opportunity to ex
press themselve on any and all legis
lation proposed under inch form of
government, lu other words, ever;
proposed law should first Is submit tit
to the people for their scrutiny, con
sideratiou. approval or rejection.
Blade, Oceausidc, Cal.
Costly Ex iienment of Hold.
The most expensive experiment lb.
United States ever suffered from U.'i
is-en the attempt of the plutocrats t
drive the country to a gold slaudard.
Former I"resident Cleveland fou-i I i'
necessary to issue ,;i'.iMi,tsi( worth o!
bonds to secure gold to carry ou' tin
self-Inqiosed task of keeping up ?
gold reserve lu the treasury. This
ItoiTowed money the plain people will
have to pay when It becomes lite. r;nj
lu the meantime they must iieny them
selves those things which go to make
life enjoyable in order to pay the interest-.
Hut the $''i;2.00.iO is as but a drop
in the ocean when compared with lln
widespread disaster which, the g"K,
standard has brought upon this coun
try. The destruction of securilies,
which folowed the demnucf iz-itlon of
silver, has amounted to n confiscation
of practically one-half of the wealth of
TIi" organs of plutocracy never cease
from abuse of those who demand that
former normal values shall Iw restored.
They Insist with stolid and exasperat
ing repetition that the advocates of sil
ver desire to pay their debts in cheap
money and thus perpetrate n fraud on
the philanthropic money lenders who
have by legislation doubled the obliga
tions of their debtors. The honesty of
lending a man a dollar and then by the
enactment of laws, forcing that man,
the 1 orrower. to give the creditor two
dollars for every one received, Is pro
claimed aloud by these honorable gen
tlemen. If a man should ltorrow com and sub
seqru ntly should Ik? forced to pay in
wheat, the injustice would lie appar
ent, 1 ut when a man Isirrowed silver
and Is required to pay in gold, the blind
guides of the plutocrats see no wrong,
and howl themselves hoarse over hon
or and honesty. They don't know what
the words mean, or. If they do, they
are the hired advocates of plunder.
The Only Hope.
One of the great schemes of the fraud
politicians Is to speak with great ve
hemence one way, but quietly lend his
Influence, and if necessary his vote or
absence from the legislative halls in di
rect opposition to his speeches. At
other times they lxdsterously condemn
a great wrong when considering some
non-essential proposition, but when a
chance to kill the wrong conies up they
make light of the remedy, and if their
vote Is needed, vote against tfie rem
edy, llow to put the people on to such
characters Is a puzzle for they are so
eloquent In their championing t tie
cause of the masses It is almost out of
the question to undeceive their constit
uents. The initiative and referendum
seems to be the only hope.
What Kckela Want.
Ex-Comptroller Eckels, a Cleveland
"If now the people could be free of
ajitators and the Individual citizen
given a chance to attend to his Indi
vidual business without the burden of
superintending everyliody else's, the
country would again be the one great
profitable field of investment for the
surplus capital of the world."
Mr. Eckels made no mistake if the
"agitators" he refers to are the mon
etary reformers who Insist on an
American financial policy, for if they
could be sent to Siberia or hades
European capitalists would again find
the United States a rich field for plun
der. Independent, Topeka, Kan.
Duty of Popnllrt.
A straight, manly, and persistent
fight with the view of success of our
principles, and regardless of Immediate
defeat of ourselves for lucrative offices,
will inspire confidence of Populists in
each other, Impel all reformers to
buckle pn their armor, create respect
In the minds of the fair meu of the old
parties, and bring to our ranks new re
cruits. If every true Populist would
work for the People's party and against
the old parties, it would not be long un
til our great principles were enacted
Into law and the nation was enjoying
greater prosperity than any people ever
enjoyed, in all the history of the world.
"If I had my way," said a McKlnley
man of this neighborhood, t other
day, "I would load a lot of caution
with vitriol and blow it into these.
Bryan meetings that are stirring up
discontent." And the laws of the coun
try permit such fools as this one to go
at large, prating of anarchists! Com
mon Cause, Cincinnati, Ohio.
A great noise Is being made over
President Andrews' discharge from
Brown University, because he advo
cated free silver, but we notice there
Is very little being said about the sup
pression of free speech and peaceable
assemblage in West Virginia. Journal
of Labor, Nashville, Tenn.
We have been ruled by a king, we
have been governed by an aristocratic
parliament, we are now apparently en
tering upon a period of government by
Judges the worst form of autocracy,
next to that of a hierarchy, or which
the mind of man can conceive. Ke.
corder, Cleveland, Ohio.
It Is hard to convince a man who li
nrofltlng at the expense of his fellows
ttiiit nnvrhlnir Is wrong with the sys
tem which ' favors him. Common .
Conse Cincinnati, Ohio.
Rome people think tbe credit for tba
Klondike gold discoveries belongs to
tne Republican administration. Ar-'
gonaut, Sparta, 111. j
Secretary Gage la a McKlnley Repub
lican, yet a stanch Cleveland Demo
crat i No difference See? Forum,
& 7, W.Mi?-iTr;
A country cannot continue to be pop
ulous nor highly civilized when its for
ests, or their equivalent Jn coal. are lost
to It. But this loss has Is-en experi
enced by many nations. The whole
Eastern world was otiee well wooded.
Roman and Greek writers assure us of
this. Vast regions of Europe and
Asia, by wars and wantonness and
Imprudence, have I'een stripped of
tm-ir forests. A belt of woodland
stretching from the Pyrenees to the
Himalayas has been swept a way, and
that whole region, once fertile mid pop
ulous, now on rely sustains a people
scanty iu numbers. It is a significant
fact that great deserts now occupy the
original scat of the human race, and
extend on every route of their migra
tions. Humboldt is reported as saying
"Men lu nil climates seem to bring up
on future generations two calamities at
once a want of fuel and a scarcity of
water." The two come alike from the
destruction of the forests.
How to TeM a Sheep'a Atre.
The Breeders' Gazette, in reply to a
correspondent, says that a sheep's age
canuot be determined with precision
from the appearance of the animal's
teeth. Periods of dentition vary a Tew
months. In general, the lamb has his
eight small teeth for from 12 to 16
months. At the end of this time he cuts
two large teeth, as at Fig. 1. when be Is
said to have "a yearling mouth." At
something less than 2 years (general
ly) there are four large permanent In
cisors, as at Fig. 2. At about 30 months
there are six permanent incisors, as at
Fig. 3, and (he other two come at about
30 to 42 months, as at Fig. 4, when the
sheep is said to "have a full mouth,"
From this date the age Is guessed at by
the amount of wear on the grinders.
Success In dnirying must depend not
only on having cows able to give a lib
eral mess and keep at it, but also on
the kind of milkers employed. A cure
less, lazy milker will easily lose more
than his wage during the time he Is
employed. Not only this, but he will
quickly convert a really gosl cow into
a poor one. The milk which the careless
milker leaves In the udder is always
that which has the largest amount of
butter fats. If it Is not drawn the fat
'is reabsorbed Into the cow and helps
to dry her off. The difficulty in get
ting help that can lie depended on Is
the great drawback In running a large
dairy farm. It Is also no light Job to
milk ten, twelve or more cows twice
every day. It will make any man's
bands tired until lie becomes used to it
A Poultry House t cvlce.
Where fowls are kept in confinement
whether the season m summer or win
ter they must be furnished green food
in the form of cabbage, turnips, is-ets
or cut clover. These should not be
r-OULTBV ItOLSB rJKVICB.
thrown loosely into the pen to becfumi
quickly soiled, but put into a rack with
sloping sides, like that shown in the
sketch. The hens reach through the
slats and eat what they desire. The
top slopes so that they cannot roobt
upon It If filled with cabbages, etc.,
they will come down to the hens as fast
Cider and Cider Vlncitar.
Where summer apples are plentiful
It la more profitable to make them Into
cider, and then Into vinegar. A hnnd
mill can be had for 10 that will make
from two to three barrels per day. Af
ter the Juke Is pressed out mix the
pumace with mill feed, and feed It to
the cows when fresh. Fill the barrels
full of cider and act them In tbe sun to
ferment. Keep the barrels full. After
fermentation ceases add two gallon of
Strong old vinegar to each barrel, and
TEKT1T OF 811KEI' AT JtlFFKttKST AOKS.
put in thr- e strip, of i.rwn iiap'-r sat
tir.ite.1 with !. Minion mobiles. Cover
the buii i.ole with gauw v' ,h0
following spi iui.' ee, Iin.t Onegar may
! had. New r add water to tiie cider,
it injures the Mrength and t'.avor of
It or I rnirt on Foil.
So far us possible the farmer ought
to have s.-l I.Uni on rtblcb 1" -irow all
I, 1 -rps. I cannot usually make
nearly enoiiL'h manure to fertilize all
that ire wants t plnnt to corn or pota
toes. If there Is a sod to le rottiug
during the summer a moderate drea
Ing of ioiumerclal fertilizers will In-'
sure as great succcs lis he could usual
ly dci-eiid upon Willi a dressing of ma
nure mi l.i ml that has been nuked
through the winter. Possibly the, sod
may ut equal In value the plant nutri
tion furnished by a dressing of stable
manure, but the m1 will be more sure
to nt if the season Is- dry, and thus
make up in availability what it lacks
in fertilizing ixiwer. If the sod Ihj
mainly of clover, the fertility It will
add to the soil will ! lis great as is
given with the manure dressings, es
pecially If applied just after the land
Fhrrp Amontr Growin Corn.
It Is the practice of good farmers
now to cultivate txiih corn and pota
toes much lonirer than tiseii to w
thought advisable. The reason Is th
tin. modem cultivation is shallow an
does not disturb the roots. But wher;
a piece of either corn or potatoes is
weedy a few sheep may be put Into tho
field after midsummer with no dan
ger whatever that they will Injure thu
crop. Almost any other stock will at
tack lxth corn and either the potato
tops or roots. Sheep will not eat either.
Usually only the ram was put In somo
time In July, and was not taken out
until the corn was ready to harvest.
After corn Is cut sheep will attack tbe
corn ears. While It stands they seldom
Dwarf Prars n nil Applca.
Thin the fruit, allowing not more
than forty to sixty specimens to remain
on ench tree. The fruit will grow to a
One size, and the strength of the tree
will not be taxed. Pinch the forward
branches In, keeping the tree compact
and symmetrical In form. Fruit for
exhibition should l carefully grown,
allowing not more than one peck to the
tree. Fork the earth up all around tho
tree, and then cover the ground as far
out as the branches extend with one
Inch in depth of rotted horse manure.
If the weather should prove dry, water
freely every evening.
For Hon I'lncne.
The following is the prescription rec
ommended for hog plague by lr. Sal
mon, of the Bureau of Animal Industry:
One part wmmI charcoal; one part sul
phur; two parts sodium chlorldeor
common salt; two parts sodium bl
bouufe; two parts sodium hyposulphite;
one part sodium sulphite; one part antV
mouy sulphite. Pulverize and mix
thoroughly. Dose One tabicspoonfu!
for each two hundred pounds weight
of hog once a day. '
Want! Feed Grain.
If one will wash a feed of oats or
corn, there will Ite seen nu amount of
filth and trash that would astonish the
man who thinks he feeds clean grain to
his horses. Try washing, and let the
grain dry or nearly so before fi-edlng.
There are evidences that soaked corn
and oats are more profitable, luore eas
ily and thoroughly digestible than the
same amount fed dry. Western Agri
culturist. Tim tlorar !o- Thin.
A gissl horse can travel 400 yards In
four and a half minutes nt a walk, 400
yards In two minutes In a trot, and 400
yards In one minute in a gallop. The
usual work of a horse Is taken at 12,500
pounds raised one foot per minute for
eight hours jx-r day. A horse will car
ry pounds twenty-five miles per day
of eight hours.
Among the Poultry.
Have troughs in which to feed all
If your hens lay soft shelled egg
they need more lime.
The sitting hen now has the floor.
Take care of her.
Is there not room for a flock of
on your farm? Study the altuntior
a warm reoa ror orenurast go a
long way in Inducing beiiH to lay now.
When the combs and wattles of the
fowls are of a bright red color It Indi
cates a condition of health.
When tbe manure Is hard and a ir
tiou Is white, It indicates a healthy con
dition of the digestive organs.
When the fowls are busy scratching,
the hens Inylng and hinging and tho
cocks growing, these are signs of good
When you can enter the hen house
after dark and bear no wheezing It
proves there are not any roupy fowla
in the flock.
A generous application of lime on the
chicken yurd and In the sheds and rum
is now In order. It mny prove a cheap
prevention of disease.
When fowls are Judiciously fed, mado
to InUp exerelxe. ami tlu.ls ninriun
kept clean and free from lice, there la
comparatively no trouble with sick
ness, except in canes of contagion.
KefuNe Ilrcwer's Money.
Prury College needed money, and a
well-known brewer nulmcrlbed f 1,000,
which caused a rival brewer, who
heard of tho offer, to say; "put me
down for a thousand, too." Tho stu
dents objected, however, and It la be
lieved thnt on account of tbe protect
Iwlh brewers will withdraw thehf
' r J
i ma ia uimrent.
"Love makes tbe world go round."
The world seecna to go round, but love
makes your bead swim; that'a the ex
planatlon. Boston Transcript.
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