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About The Sioux County journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1888-1899 | View Entire Issue (April 22, 1897)
In tbe early days of petroleum every
barrel of thn liquid Lad to be hauled
from the wells to the railroads, some
times a distance of too or flfteeu miles,
says I.alwr Commissioner Wright, Illus
trating the uifplacement of labor by In
vention. All this work is now done by
the National Transit Company, con
trolled by the Standard Oil Company.
When a well Is completed tin' pipe
line's agent connects the well in a few
minutes with its main line's tanks. The
producer or the owner of the well pays
nothing for Laving his oil transported
through the pipe linus, but pays 50
cents per day storage for every thou
sand barrelH he has lu the tanks of the
compnny, and the consumer or refiner
pays 20 cents per barrel upon receipt of
the oil for transportation, so far as
Pittsburg and vicinity ore concerned,
while the receiver for New York and
distant places pays something more.
Some of the producing territory Ik quite
remote, and ten barrels per day would
be a very liberal average to allow for
a team of horses to transport to the
railroads. On this basis the pipe lines
displace f,700 teams of horses and
double that number of men in handling
the oil, the production of tin country
being pla.-ed at .77,000 barrels per day.
The methods of hand culture on the
farm have largely given plaet; to labor
saving machinery, and the d-'iiiund for
farm labor has accordingly diminished.
The gnu plow, the horse dr. 11, planter,
utotie gatherer, manure spreader, po
tato dgger, corn harvester, the 'corn
husking machine, the self -binder, the
combiii'-d header and separator, the
mower, und almost Innumerable other
farm Implements of late have Increased
and cheapened production at the ex
pense of the demand for farm labor.
Milking machines have bceu used with
some success, and It is predicted by
noiiie that ere long the large dairies,
which can afford to purchase machines,
will be supplied with, a contrivance
which will extract the milk from a
whole dairy In from five to ten minutes.
"There Is a great difference In the
degrees of severity embodied In Iron
clad contracts," says John McBrlde.
President of the Miners' International
Union.. "The Ideal Ironclad contract
cau be found In coal fields and fixes
Lhe price of mining, the hours of labor,
the price of mining supplies, the house
rents and prohibits employes from be
longing to a union of their craftsmen
or attending public or private meet
ings of laboring men which are held
for the purpose of discussing methods
calculated to ameliorate their own or
their fellowmeii's condition in life. It
was such a contract that made the
great Hocking Valley strike of 1SX1-K5
the largest and bitterest ever known
hi the coal fields in' this country,
"In Northern Illinois the Ironclad
contract, with the restricting features
relating to organisation and peaceful
assemblage eliminated, has been In
rogue for years ami is yet. The same
was true In Jackson County, Ohio, un
111 lately, and It Is true of many parts
of Pennsylvania and other mining
States. The ironclad contract ny.stem
has always been a bone of contention
between mine operators and mine
workers, but it is passing away, and
with the approach of better commer
cial and Industrial conditions it will
finally disappear. Work and organiza
tion strong enough to do the workers'
will Is the great panacea needed to
eliminate this anil many other evils
which alllict our wage workers."
Kluht-Honr Uwi a Failure.
It has time ami again been demon
strated that the contract system of pub
lic work is opposed to the interests of
both the public and the wags earner,
't-ays the Twentieth Century. The or
ganised liilsir of this country has, after
Infinite trouble, succeeded In effecting
the passage of the eight-hour day law.
Some work Is now being done at die
nary yard In Brooklyn by contract irs
who force their men to work long ho-jrs
for very little pay. The labor unions
called the attention of the Secretary of
the Navy to the matter, but lie slid
that contract labor does not come with.
In the scope of the law. The matter
should be taken to the courts, and tin
til they have been pronounced ii)on
the question of la w Is an open one. The
one thing for the organized labor of the
country to do hi to abolish entirely the
contract system of public Improve
ments. The contract system Is respon
sible for all the Jobs and scandals.
America has 3,000,000 working
All the cotton factories In Canada
propose a shut down for three mouths.
The bricklayers Intend establishing a
national homo for their aged and In
firm. New Haven Chinese laundry owners
bare organ lied and fixed a scale of
Three cent shaves are beginning to
make unorganized barbers In New
York ask "where they're at."
Weatern miners who were defeated
IB their long strike at Lcadvllle propose
trying co-operative mining.
Painter and decorator have 1Zt
VtlOM, with 40,000 member. In the
Uaitod State and Canada.
OrgftolMd labor I gradually assert
tSf M laitMBot til over the world. In
r3 ktsr the eommlttm on. labor
crrtiJ Ikt rttt totii minimum
, . .
wage and maximum number of hours
Victoria, Australia, has adopted a
law fixing the lowest wages that, inay
be paid workmen In factories.
Erie (Pa.) paperhangers, painters and
decorators want the nine-hour day and
25 cents per hour on April 1.
The Hoston Central Labor Union will
employ only Federation musicians.
This is a turn-down for the K. of L.
Carpenters' Union No. 404, of New
York, indorsed the movement for the
Saturday halfMioliday and $4 a day.
The Supreme Court of British Colum
bia holds that it Is legal to employ
Chinaman In underground coal mining.
Los Angeles (Cal.) firemen gave one
day's pay to the fund for the unem
ployed. School teachers and pupils con
Toledo has been selected as the "na
tional headquarters of the Bicycle
Workers' Union, and Buffalo will have
the next convention.
The Building Trades Council of In
dianapolis Is to be reorganized. There
is n prospect that all building work In
that city will be unionized.
The older countries of Euro'ic, not
ably Germany and S"otland. have met
the problem of the unemployed by es
tablishing labor colonies.
It is rumored in New York that the
brewery busses are preparing to make
war on their workmen with the pur
pose? of destroying, the union.
In lS!)i the sum of sfl.oOO.ooo was
given by 418 English unions to mem
bers sick and disabled by accident.
Superannuated members receive 1 $700.
000. The 5-cent cut In the block coal
miners' scale in the Brazil (hid.) dis
trict has gone into effect. The miners
claim it is Impossible to make a living
at the reduced rate.
First Regiment Band of Denver gave
a concert at Cripple Creek to empty
seats. Colorado workiugnien are boy
cotting everything that sounds of mil
itarism. iThe musicians were all union
men at that.
Miners compelled to deal In the com
pany store at Powhatan, W. Va., are
charged as follows: Flour, $S a barrel;
potatoes, SI. 10 a bushel; sugar, 10 cents
a pound; salt, meats, 12 cents a
During 1804 and 1S05, when the New
York coat tailors were an organized
body, workmen received from $0 to $15
weekly. A high average for longer
hours of labor to-day Is $0 a week,
while many workers receive less than
The Minneapolis stonemasons and
I quarrymen will assist each other In
keeping the price of material and labor
! at a fair standard for the coining sea
j sou. The stonemasons will work nine
I hours per day the coming scar-on. and
j receive "0 cents per hour.
I The Manufacturers' Record notes a
revival of new industrial ventures in
j the South and enumerates for the pre
vious week a long list, of such, the ag
gregate investments amounting to sev
eral millions. A significant feature is
that New Kngland cotton spinners are
investing heavily in new factories in
the cotton belt.
The Indus rial revolution Involved In
the appearance of American steel in
Kngland has created a setisMlou out of
all proportion greater there than here,
says the National Labor Trbune. How
great the sensation Is becomes appar
ent In the reports receive. 1 from the
English Iron district. Kngliuh newspa
pers see lu it. the ultimate supremacy of
our steel trade the world over.
"The practical results of the free em
ployment office may be summarized
and recapitulated iirlcfly. In spile of
hindrances Incident to tjie establish
ment of ft new departure the percent
age of situations secured Is gradually
getting higher, and the gr-ncral efficien
cy of the office has been In every way
tidvaticed," writes W. C. Hall, Com
missioner of the Bureau of Labor Sta
tistics of Missouri.
An arbitration agreement has been
perfected between the Illinois Fire
Proofing Manufacturers aud Contract
ors' Association and the Bricklayers
and Stonemasons' Union of Chicago,
by which amicable adjustment of till
disagreements for the current year Is
assured. Working rules binding the
two organizations were adopted for
JH!)7. The rules embody the eight-hour
day and make the minimum rate of
wages 50 cents per hour, with time and
one-half for overtime and double time
for Sunday work, as well as for labor
required to be done on public holidays.
It was In a down-town store. A pret
ty miss of 18 or thereabout was shop
plng. She wore those large sleeve, a
jaunty Jacket that no man could de
sert Ik- and one of these bell-shaped
skirls which remind old-timer of the
days of hoops. After making her pur
chases she concluded to ascertain her
weight aud stepped on the scale. The
affable clerk made a mental guea at
130 pounds, and so adjusted the
weight. No; that wa too much. Then
he tried 125. but that wouldn't do. Then
100, then 05, 04, 03, 02, 91, 00. "Ah!
Just even ninety pound, ml." With
a "Thank you, air," be tripped away,
and a the front door closed after her
the clerk heaved a sigh and remarked:
"My, but won't some young fellow get
badly fooled wbou lie gcta hnY'-tX
1. - A"vJ
Prof. S. P. Langley is reporiel as s ly
ing in a recent interview that, having
proved both theoretically aud practical
ly that machines can be made to travel
through the air, if he had the time and
money to pcnd. he believed he could
make one "on a scale such as would
demonstrate to the world that a large
passenger-carrying flying machine ran
lie a commercial as well as a scientific
Jlamicr from Wall I'anpr,
It was formerly supposed that the
reason why wall papers containing ar
senic were dangerous to health was be
cause arsenetled hydrogen was formed
through the action of mold upon the
j wiper, and then given off in the air of
tlie room. Recent experiments in Ger
many, however, seem to fdiow that the
danger really arises from particles of
dunt proceding from the paper. It is
saiil that at present few wrll-popers
containing arsenic are manufactured.
f5uor(linj a Const by l-lectricity.
A. correspondent of Nature suggests
that a long coast-lino may be rendered
safe to ships in foggy weather by
j means of ail electric cable lying ten
j miles offshore, ami parallel with the
; coast, in about fifty faihoms of water,
j When ever an iron ship approached
j witliin"Jii0 yards of the cable, he says,
I an electric detector on board the vessel
would give the alarm In support of
the suggestion he asserts that messages
sent along an elc-trU: cable lying on the
sea-bottom lu.'. t- been read, with suita
ble apixiraius, .:i a ship floating above
More Monster of Olden Tinie.
The fossil remains of an apparently
; new species of the ancient reptile
j named by geologists the "mosawuir"
have just been discovered in the chalk
j beds of Northern France. These rep
I tiles, which became extinct ages ago,
I were of enormous size, some being sev
enty or more feet In length. They had
j comparatively slender bodies, like a
' snake, paddles like a whale, and some
of the characteristic features of a liz
ard. They were ('specially abundant In
America, and their remains have been
found in New Jersey and in the States
j bordering the Gulf of Mexico, as well
as went of the Mississippi River.
j? A Van'ahCifl Kiver'n Trnck.'
Explorations made last autumn
Lrought to light many interesting facts
about what ! known to geologists as
the "Nipisslng-Mattawa River." This
Is believed to have been the ancient
ouilet for the Great Lakes Huron,
Michigan and Superior before their wa
ters began to flow through Iake Erie.
: The old river bed was traced, in the
Canadian province of Ontario, from
t Lake Xipisslng, near the northern part
i of Georgian Bay, to the valley of the
. Otta wa River. At one place the site of
1 an ancient cataract was discovered,
1 and reason was found for believing
! that the size of the vanished river was
t very similar to that of the St. Clair
and Detroit HI vera, throt-h which the
Great Iukc now have their outlet.
Among the minor wonders of mod
ern chemical discovery are Doctor
Lehman's "liquid crystals." Recently
Professor Miers, of the Royal Society,
has been experimenting with some of
these curious substances, and he finds
that when "azoxyphenol" crystals are
warmed on a microscopic slide they un
dergo a Hidden transformation from
the solid to the liquid condition oil
reaching a temperature of J.'J4 degrees.
Yet, having become liquid, the sub
stance nevertheless retains the form
of crystals, and these remarkable crys
tals possess the property of double re
fraction. If heated up to 105 degrees,
the substance undergoes another
change, and loses Its double refrac
tivity. Ih It ii u Ancient Alphabet?
Monsieur Plette Las made some re
markable discoveries In a cave at Le
Mas-d'Azll. ih Southern France, near
lhe Pyrenees. This cave, shaped like
a tunnel, was evidently inhabited In
very ancient days by the race of peo
ple called the "cave-dwellers" who
lived lu the Neolithic, or Later Stone,
age. They left n greaf number of ob
long and flattened pebbles on which
they had painted curious figures and
devices with peroxide of iron. Some of
the pebbles contain only dots, or
slrlM'S, which, the discoverer thinks,
may have been symbols for numbers.
Ot liens bear devices having some re
semblance to alphabetic characters.
One pebble ban
painted upon It
the singular row
of figures here
represented, and Monsieur Plette doe
not hesitate to suggest that some of
thette design are possibly phonetic
tymbola. Which had a definite mean
ing to the Inhabitants of the cave. A
writer in Nature, reviewing Monsieur
Piette' "astonishing dlscovcritw,"
makes an additional stiggeetloa, "As
suming thee marking to be syllable
sign," he say, "can It he possible that
these pebbles ware employed In build
ing up word and sentences, much a
children we bona of letters r
Mirage In Alaska.
Tbe most wonderful mirage ever be
held by mortal eyes are those that are
seen in the twilight winter Caya In
northern Alaska. Thorns teuiaraably
ghastly pictures of things, both Imagin
ary and real, are mirrored on the sur
fuce of the waste plains Instead of upon
the clouds or lu the atmosphere, says
a correspondent of the St. Ixuis Repub
lic. Mimic lakes and water courses
fringed with vegetation are to be seen
pictured an real as life on the surface
of lhe snow, while grassy mounds,
stumps, trees, logs, etc., which have an
actual existence some place on the
earth's surface, are outlined against
mountains of snow in all kinds of fan
tastic shapes. Some of these objects
are distorted and magnified into the
shapes of huge, ungainly animals and
reptiles of enormous proportions.
The fogs and mi.sts are driven across
these waters by tbe winds, and, as the
objects referred to loom up lu the fly
ing vapors, they appear like living crea
tures, and seem to be actually moving
rapidly across the plain. At other times
they appear high in the air, but this is
a characteristic of the northern mirages
that are seen near the seashore. When
the vapors and mists are driven out
to sea the linages mirrored In them ap
pear to be lunging through the waters
at a terrific rate of speed, dashing the
spray high in the air, while huge break
ers roll over them and onward toward
the mountainous islands beyond, and
against which they all appear to be
Monstrous serpents, apparently sev
eral hundred feet long, sometimes with
riders on their backs, men on horse
back thirty to fifty feet in height, ani
mals and birds of all kinds of horrible
shapes and colors, seem to be scurrying
past, racing and chasing each other,
until they are lost: in twilight fogs or
da.slied to pieces upon the rocky Islands
mentioned above, and which are twenty
miles out at sea.
Laying Down the Law.
"Some years ago," said the Professor,
"I bought a tract of land in Southern
Missouri. I took the paiiw to have it
investigated in advance and had satis
factory assurance that the low lands
were fertile while the hills were full of
iron, coal and some minerals even more
valuable. I also learned that there
were a lot of squatters ou t'he premises,
but my own regaid for law was so high
that I anticipated no trouble In having
"Armed with a deed, and nothing
more formidable, I went down to take
possession and put things in such shape
as to insure a revenue. When I had
explained my purpose to two or three
of the squatters whom I happened to
come upen fishing in one of uiy streams,
they entered no protect, but looked at
one another aud said I had better see
Spud Dearing, as he was the man they
had chosen to do the business of the
colony. 1 tried to Impress them with
tlie fact that there was really no busi
ness to be done. They were trespass
ers, the property was mine, and they
would have to leave. They made no
tdgn as to the merits of the question,
but told me to see Spud. 'He want
no eddicated law'er, but he knowed hid
" 'Howdy,' was Spud's salutation
when I found hhn arguing with a mule
that wanted to go toward home wliile
Spud wanted to travel a mile out of t'he
way in order to visit a still. 'I hearn
you bought this place,' he announced
with startling promptness. 'Weiins
kim in here an' opened up bin' an' rais
ed truck and r'ared our fam'lies an'
'sta.blushed a bury In groun' an' made
all our 'rangnments ter live an' die
here. It'.s too late ter change our plans.
But they hain't. nuMiln' mean 'boat us
fellers. I 'tend ter bus'ness fur all of
'em an' It won't 'tain you moren's three
minutes. You k'n come in here an raise
crops an' dig in yer miiifss, but we
mus' have th' cabins an' th' little patch
es we's got an' stay here. Nobody else
kin hot Iter you. That's th' law an' th'
rest of it i that ef you don't agree
you"ll be planted right here on yer own
"I agreed, and never made a better
bargain- 1 don't miss what Spud and
his colony take and they see to it faith
fully that no one else takes anything."
Detroit Free Press.
The Jlufl'alo Nearly HxtennlnBted.
Gen. A. W. Greeley, of the War De
partment, in a paper read recently, de
plored the wholesale (daughter of the
buffaloes which has been going on for
50 years and which has well-nigh ex
terminated this useful animal. From
the liiwof im old army ollieer he ascer
tained that in the valley of the Arkan
sas hesaw hi the '4in au enormous herd
of buffalo terrifying even to look upon.
The old army officer says he crossed at
right angles a moving herd which was
7o miles in width ntiu so dense as to
render travel dangerous. The general
himself saw 50 mileH of territory liter
ally covered with bison. In the winter
of '75 and '70 he knew of 1(54,000 buffalo
sklus iK-Ing brought Into Griffin, Tex.
Value of tho Hwallow.
The fbod of the swallow Is composed
of iusoct alone, and the number these
birds destroy in a single summer Is
Incalculable. They are lu summer on
the wing for fully sixteen hours dur
ing the day, and the greater part of the
time making havoc among the millions
of insect which Infest the air.
Cheap Hooka In Kngland.
The cheapening of literature In En
gland ha resulted In the production of
liooks creditably printed and sold for a
penny. Dickens, Bcott, UoldMnlth, Lyt
ton and other standard authors, bound
In stiff, covers, are now procurable In
A Mataal PrUnd.
Bobby Popper, what is a mutual
Mr. Ferry He Is generally one who
makes It tils business to see that you
don't ml healing tbe moan things
your friends eay about you. Cincin
Type are slightly Icm than 1 inch U
OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES.
Secret of tbe Noted Boatonian'a Pop
"The secret of the niau who Is unl- j
Yersally interesting is that lie in univer
sally interested," says Mr. Howells 'n
his recent delightful reminiscences of
Dr. Holmes; and this lie declare to
have been aJove all the secret of the
charm which the beloved autocrat ex
ercised inion all who came ntar him.
Dr. Holmes himself was joyou-dy and
frankly conscious both of his magic and
its source. Henry James, fattier of
the present novelist of that name, once
said to him:
'"Holmes, you are intellectually the
most alive man I ever knew."
"I am, 1 am," cried the Doctor, with
vivid satisfaction in the fact, "from the
crown of my head to the sole of my
foot, I'm alive, I'm alive!"
And alive be remained fully and fine
ly up to the very time of his death,
looking out ward with keen aud frle" d
ly eyes upon the great world And its
doings; looking inward to note, cheer
fully and tranquilly, the progress of
time upon himself, and pleasing him
self in employing Ips gifts both as a
physician and as a man, to keep his old
A gay and gallant old man, as well as
a wise and kindly one, he was, making
little of ills and weaknesses, making
the most of all things lovely and bi iglir,
missing nothing new in science or lit
erature th-'t was worth his attention,
and enjoying life to the last. It was
not in him to complain, and lie shed
cheer and happiness about him to the
"The querulous note," says Mr. How
ells, "was not in his most cheerful reg
ister; he would not dwell upon a spe
cialized grief; though sometimes I have
known him touch very lightly and cur
rently upon a slight annoyance, or dis
relish for this or that. As lie grew old
er, he must have had, of course, an old
man's disposition to speak of his in
firmities; but: it was tine to see him
catch himself up in this when he be
came conscious of it, and stop short
with an abrupt turn to something else."
At !0, Dr. Holmes had doubted if It
were wise for him to write "The Poet
at the Breakfnst-Tahle," fearing lest he
were too old for such a task. But, say
"He lived twenty-five years after that
fielf -question at 00, and after 80 he con
tinued to prove that threescore was not
the limit of a man's intellectual activ
ity or literary charm, During all that
time the work he did in mere quantity
was the work that a man in the prime
of life might well have been vain of do
ing, and It was of a quality not less
What a lirave and busy aud benefi
cent old age! What a happy one!
Youth in the very flus.li of its careless
vigor and gayety can look on such au
age as that, and feel there need be noth
ing terrible or gloomy in growing old.
With an alert mind aud an ever-ripening
soul it: is possible to enjoy and to
confer The best of this world's happi
ness, up to the very threshold of the
next. Youth's Companion.
Died with His Hoots On.
A dispatch from Chattanooga. Teuu.,
says: "With the killing in this city of
'Hilly' Garter, commonly spoken of in
derision as the man of the 'long and
flowing mustache,' one of the law's
most dreaded foes, bit the dust. Car
ter was a common Georgia 'cracker,'
illiterate, and until recent years a day
lalmrer, belonging to the class known
as poor whites. One night last fall,
for reasons unknown, be shot Police
Captain Thomas Russell in the arm.
All search for him was unavailing, but
he has led a charmed life since, and
became a terror to officers of the law
and peaceable citizens alike. He had
no coufederates.,biit as a lone highway
man plundered the country at will, and
on several occasions held at bay offi
cers who were searching for him. He
not infrequently entered the city, aud
was seen at entertainments in the out
skirts. "A few days since Carter's wife rent
ed a cottage In the city oil a back street,
aud Friday the police authorities were
notified of Carter's presence there. A
posse of seven ollicers. under Sergt.
Haskins, surrounded thu house. The
outlaw defied arrest, and walked into
their midst, witli two big Coil's revolv
ers, which he discharged right and left?
his first shot breaking tbe arm of De
tective Charles Brock, but Carter's
body was filled with lead lu a trice.
The only words he spoke before he
died were: "Send my pistols and my
body back to Georgia."
Le Page du Praia tells of a class of
obstinate Indian gamblers of the early
colonial days of Louisiana, who were
so infatuated with a gambling game
of their own Invention, which Du Pratz
calls the game of "La Perclie." that the
player who may have lost all his per
sonal belongings would go secretly and
purloin the belongings of his wife and
play them away also. Very often,
when they had slaked their bed cloth
ing, and lost even rtiat, the hard-head
ed gamblers of this description would.
go to the French planters aud bargain
for new bed covering, much to the dis
like of the planters, who rarely receiv
ed ...id pay for the article.
"Your money or your life," he hlttsed.
The girl who was Inking advantage of
the gloaming to mount her bicycle
"Sir," she answered, with a trace of
Irritation In her manner, "If I felt that
H would be necessary for me to be held
up I should employ a regular Instructor.
Good evening." Detroit Tribune.
When a member of a literary society
writes an essay out of the cyclopedia,
he simply puts tbe eaaay back Into
Bow Preo'dent Horda'a Zeal dot flia
The republic of Uruguay has a navy
composed of three antiquated wooden
gunboats, about as large as an ordi
nary New York tugboat. On Dec. 8
last a revolution against the Borda gov
ernment, was in progress, and informa
tion had been received that one of the
leaders of the movement was en route
from Buenos Ayres on the river steam
er San Martin, flying the Argentine
flag. President Borda had none of
his gunboats ready for action, and so
a fast tugboat, the Knriqueta. owned
by an English firm, was 'seized by the
chief of thel'iirugay navy. Colonel Bai
ley. A Gatling gun was placed on her
bow and a detachment of infantry was
shipped, and Klie was then all ready to
capture the conspirator. '
Early in the morning President Bor
da took up a post of observation upon
the roof of the custom house at. Monte
video, and at break of day the San Mar
tin was sighted in the offing. He imme
diately ga ve orders that the Enriqiieta
jii' juhl steam to meet her, and capture
tlie dreaded conspirator.
The San Martin, however, did not
pursue her course to the regular anchor
age, but. hauled close to the Italian
war ship I'icnioiite and lowered a boat,
into which two sailors and a petty offi
cer of the Italian war ship descended
and pulled off to their vessel. They
had remained behind in Buenos Ayres
when the Piemonte left that port.
Then the infantry and Gatling gun
on the Enriqiieta opened fire upon the
San Martin. Several bullets struck her
upper works, while others found a
mark in the smokestack of the Pie
monte, and glancing off, passed across
her deck, entering tlie stern cabin of
the British war ship Darracoiita.
The Italian and British commanders
soon had their crews to quarters, and
vigorously informed the temporary
Uruguaian gnu 1 teat that unless firing
was stopped she would be sent to the
bottom. Firing was 'stopped at once,
and President Borda found himself in
a very peculiar situation.
He had to tender an apology to the
Argentine, Italian and British repre
sentatives, and a bill of expenses for
damages will have to be met by his
government, owing to this affair. There
was no revolutionary leader on board of
the Sau Martin except in the imagina
tion of the ruling powers.
The latest mail advices from Monte
video say that Borda's overthrow will
soon occur and that it is proposed to
have a triumvirate rule the republic
until political matters can be adjusted.
Planted In Its Old Age.
Capt. Blake, the man who commands
the steamboat that runs daily from
Washington to Mount Vernon, aud who
was an old '4!er. seeking a fortune aft
er the California fashion, is a good
deal of a wag. Hearing told the other
day the story about tlie tree in the
White House grounds that was said
to have been planted by Adams, he re
called an incident occurring in the
neighborhood of what was soon to be
Idaho City that seemed to be pertinent
to the suggestion that a tree blown
down in the AVhite House grounds had
been planted by Adams. The story is
repeated by tlie correspondent of the
New York 'limes. "We have some old
trees." said the captain, "at Mount Ver
non, and I was guilty one day of di
verting a lady visitor to Washington's
tomb witli a 'whopiier' to keep up the
tradition. On the way up the hill from
the landing 1 iointed out an oak tree
said to have been planted by Wash
ington. I told the lady so, and assert
ed that Washington was accustomed to
come out and sit. under its shade to
get a view of the Potomac as it swept
along. I also added that his favorite
tree was about 500 years old. The lady
did not understand this, particularly
as it was not supported by evidence."
dipt. Blake explained that, although
Washington planted the tree and lived
to sit under its shadow, the story was
true. "The fact is. madam," he said,
"that the tree was about 400 years old
when it was planted." The lady did
not ask the captain another question
during her visit. Pittsburg Dispatch.
Certain keepers of Parisian drinking
shops bit upon tlie Ingenious scheme of
'premiating" every customer who drank
a certain amount of wine and spirits.
For each petit verre which a consumer
gulped down he was presented with
a coupon, and the consumer who could
first exhibit the stately number of 2,500
coupons received a prize, which iu most
cases was a bicycle! This novel com
petition crowded the drinking shos,
and the contest for cousins develoed
Into the most, hideous drunken orgies.
The Prefect of Police ordered a raid
to be made upon the houses where those
drinking matches were going on; aud
the landlords have been prosecuted,
not for the encouragement of drunken
ness, but for a violation of the law on
lotteries of the year ls;i(i. The offend-,
ers are condemned to Imprisonment,
and the payment of fines ranging from
10 to 2,hni francs,
Maud What do you do when a maa
persists In asking for a dance and you
don't care to dance with him?
Mnrle Tell him my card Is full.
Maud But stipimHlng It Isn't and ho
Marie Then I Insist that it Is and lot
him sec mat. It tan't.-Pearson'a
Why He Waa Indignant.
"Is It true that Goldy's son eloped
with tbe okl gentleman's typewriter."
"Yes; they skipped out two wista
"I presume Ooldy la Just piwlnf dst
"Natorally. Ho was ngagsd to
ftrl Mmoif."-Dtrolt Fros Praaa. ,
( . v V
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