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About The Sioux County journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1888-1899 | View Entire Issue (April 15, 1897)
tfOLDIERS TALK OVER
The Bttae bad tka Cru E;icw lact
!! of tk I-at War, and ia a
Oraaalc aad Iatrrrstiau Maaaer
fall Caasp. March and Battle.
The Old Canteen.
A shapeless relic, battered, bruised, rimed
with the rust of fears,
Staioad with heroic blood, suifused with
woman's tenderest tears:
Its pristine luster long grown dim around
the campfire'a smoke.
Remindful in its dented rim of many a
What tales of tumult might anfold could
it but find a tongue
When o'er the blood-besodden world the
clouds of conflict bung;
What days when nations stood appalled
by ninny a fateful scene
Are to the thoughtful miud recalled by
that cast-off canteen.
Perchance some swarthy southron wore it
on his jacket gray
While marching, hungry and footsore, in
Stonewall Jackson's way.
When through the drear Virginian vales
the wintry wind swept free.
Or when the sighing summer gales low
lisped the name of Lee;
Or may be it was cast aside in some for
As surging southward far and wide the
bold blue billows beat
When on the gallant Pelham's grave the
grass grew fresh and green
And uncontrolled war's withering ware
engulfed the old canteen.
Mayhap a fair-haired northern lad had
' strapped it to hia form,
And with home memories sweetly sad
strode forth to face the storm;
Deep in his soul the trust of truth and
With ail the fervid faith of youth marched
where the old flag waved.
Grim Gettysburg anil Frederick Height,
all those memorial names
That marked the routed foeman's flight to
Richmond on the James
Familiar were to him. and, oh, if we might
lift the screen,
Besplendently with pride might glow
again that old canteen!
It presence now, no matter who from it
last cooled bis lips.
Id victory's dazzling dawn the blue, or
gray in dark eclipse.
Is eloquent of days long past when war's
red bolts were hurled
Amain, and rang that bugle blast that
shocked a wondering world.
When battle's baleful splendor spread
abroud from shore to shore,
The while a maddened nation bled, a
wound in every pore.
And death, red-handed, leaped and laugh
ed with diabolic mien.
A parched lips quaffed life's parting
draught from many an old canteen!
Now hushed the thunders of the guns
among the sleeping hills
And more than thirty summer sons have
kissed the rippling rills
:".nce they were mired by trampling
troops, and squadron and platoon
K.i re vanished and the plowman stoops to
quench his thirst at noon
Wh( . rustling reeds and rushes nod
above the crystal flood; .
The bended plowshare cleaves the sod no
longer stained with blood;
Above those half-forgotten fields Peace
wings her way serene,
Nor hate nor malice lie concealed within
the old canteen!
Montgomery M. Folsom. Atlanta Ga.
A Terrible Bomb.
At the beginning of our civil war
thousands of Inventors went to work
to devise explosives so destructive in
their nature that the simple announce
ment of their character would cause
the combatants to compromise their
On both sides of the line many at
tempts were insde to Invent a death
dealing bomb of extraordinary power.
Some of the Inventions were tolerably
successful, but tbey did not couie up
to the popular Ideal.
What whs wanted was a machine
that would exterminate men by regi
ments and at the same time spread a
osoJagmtios which could not be ex
tksgutshed by ordinary means.
One of these bombs created a senaa
Uon la Its day. but toe experiment with
It did not prove altogether satisfactory.
The explosive was trrrevited by a pri
vate In the Georgia militia. HI com
pany at the time was a tattooed on the
Chattahoochee River to Intercept Sher
snsn In his march to the sea.
To vary the monotony of camp life
tat Peake mm to Atlanta and ob
tataes a let of chemicals, with. which
fee- eroeeeded to manufacture an ex
sjlasle of era power. ,
lan iHi an adventurous cherarter.
Hat hmd; been encased In sold mining
la Mexico, and one of his tales was
.tint, while In that country, be had seen
a svwntaln spirt In two from top to bot
tesa with a small tube containing, an
Slaejvt manufactured by a German
ntlst. The secret had been reveal
ed to him. he said, and he felt satis
fied that he eouM get op a bomb that
weald wipe out the Federals hundreds
i a time.
Captain Tump Llaberley took a won
1 CJrfml interest In Lite's pet bobby and
ta became a Snu believer In It. The
'.gjstr oflteera lo the company had their
tttM, but Oder the clrcumstanoss
not feel at Jlberty to say much,
' One day Llge triad an experiment
with his Greek ire. It was aotte stic-
eessful. burwhsg -fiercely that water
sssnlul te add to the flame Instead of
' fatlCag tt oat. The Inventor explained
Cat the matenale used were only a
fartf what he would otilla? in Ma pro.
Msted bos. After the exptoalen of U
isxaMa tb Creek are part of the bus!
mri fas work.
t r-3.:.iamBbL." Be
t"r experimenter bad all the hair on
one a'.de of bis head s.itjje-1 off aud both
eyebrows were missing.
Ai hujt the day arrived when a pub
lic test as to be umde of the new
weapon of warfare.
Captain Tump Limberley waa th
biggest and the happiest looking maa
present He had Invited several prom
inent officers to be present, and alto
gether there were perhaps twenty si-c-lators.
The place selected for the trial was
ted for the trial was
r the river bank. The
the water's edge and )
work ra,ber I
a deep hollow nea
otticers stood on the
viewed Llge and
The Inventor bore hiraxelf with the
soU'ina dignity of a man who was
about to be blown Into fame or eter
nity, be hardly knew which. He stood
down in the hollow, by a giant oak.
one of the monarch of the forest. A
hole had been drilled through the base
of the tree and In this had leen Insert
ed an iron tube containing the mysteri
A long ftine was attached to the tule
and I.ige carried the loose end In the
direction of the river, where the offi
"I hay. Llge!" yelled Captain Tump
"All right, cap!"
"But It may not be all right. Are
you certain about that blasted thins?
Is it safe?"
"Oh. yes." re-plied Llge. "It will work.
It will tear that tree to flinders."
At this several members of the group
beoame a little nervous, and a major
came to the front.
"Are you sure there is no danger?"
"I don't think there is," Raid Llge. j
"When I touch off the fuse I'll join '.
you, and we'll all juat down behinj ;
that ridge until the explosion la over.
It Ls all right uuless I have made a mis- j
calculation. In that event It would ;
not surprise me to see a bole blown '
clean down Into the very bowels of j
the earth." !
Ills hearers shuddered, but It waa !
too late to get away, and they all fell i
on their knees on the river side of the I
In a monient I. Ire V;imll Into the
little c" j m J lookiii' very pale.
"I've tlrel the fune!" he exclaimed, j
Th'-re was an expectant silence for
a few second. j
"Wiiishity wh'h fizz whlshlty !
"Great itowers! Good Lord,' deliver ;
us!" grunted Captain Tump Limlier- ;
ley. who wag rhen lying flat on bis!
"Whlsbity wblsh s!zz whUih
Captain Tump Limberley.
"Vbizzer--wh1sb z.zz zip
It was Captain Tump Limberley, who
had plunged Into the river and was
exhibiting nothing above the water but
a little bald bead and a pair of very
"Zip vrhish elzzr
This time It was the colonel of tho
regiment who had tumbled Into the
water. Then followed a rapid succt-
sion of "kercliups." and all of the spec
tators. Including Private Peake. tbrc-w
rhemwlves Into the river.
For fully fifteen minutes this dSrrol
and alarming noise' kept up and then
all was silent.
Five minutes more passed and then ;
Captain Tump Limberley scrambled J
out of the water, swearing and splut- !
He was quickly followed by the other
officers, all of them shaking their drip
ping clothes and making the atmos
phere blue with th4r profanity.
"1 say, Llge Peake!" roared Captain
Tump Limberley, "what is the nmtter
with your durned old machine?"
"Well, cap, I busted this time," said
Lige. "You see, I made a
In mixing the Ingredients."
A hoarse murmur of dissatisfaction
"Ifa my opinion," said Captain Tump
Lluibeney, "lUat Llge Peake la au in
fernal, rascal: y fraud!"
There was a general chorus of in
dorsement and the party of drenched
and disgruntled officers marched hack
Llge begged for one more trial, but
they were all against him, and the
poor fellow was set to work digging
Perhaps Oaptaln Tump Limberley
waa too Impatient and too unreason
able. With a fair showing Lfee Pwake
might have produced an explosive that
would have scattered Sherman's army
and changed the ream It of the war
But it was not to be, and during the
next few month the Inventor had his
entire time occupied in keeping a few
mile ahead of Sherman's advancing
hosts. When be found time to rest
bombs were no longer needed by the
Confederates. Wallace Putnam Reed.
In Chicago Times-Herald.
Editors Smrprtsed Him.
The Rev. Dr. Henry M. Field, the edi
tor the New York Evangelist, thus
notes an interesting feature of the re
cent meeting of the National Editorial
Association at St Augustine, 'Fia.,
which he attended: "Sitting near the
entrance of the hall, and thus seetag
from end to end, I did not see a single
man tench a glass of wine er mag of
lager beer. Father Nugent, from Liv
erpool, spoke of It with amaze in est,
aaylpg that la Kngland, If over three
hundred men aat down together at the
table, they would not rise up 'before
Bmu .a, th.
of Itbeaal potations. I cosfasa than I
was awrpriasd at what I eaM Ipr
hardly btOeved tsreft'Mr 6t tasts-
amy ef atyow eaves, M irja 4a
ast grktffylBf est?" tk A
tartal fnfiHow tct far eattJiy
which they represent."
i-l lT , r 4 rf
j'j UM rAf f lp
, , JJ Xjf J
Kites for Telesrapb Tolea,
Mr. William A. Eddy, of Hayonne,
New Jersey, recently demonstrated, ny
experiment, the possibility of sul
lishlng telegraphic and telephonic -om-muuicatlon
by means of wires sus
tained high lu the air by kites. Through
a wire thus sitpiiorted Mr. Kddy not
only sent lneisjiges by the Morse '-ode,
but alo, uon attaching a telephone
was able to converse with easi1.
! Cionda Over Fire.
j During a large tire In Cbarlestown
1 last lJeceml)r Mr. Ward, of Harvard
I University, found an uncommonly good
j oiiport unity to observe the format! m of
j clouds In the atmosphere tbov the
j fire. Whenever there waa an cp -chilly
i active ascent of the smoke a lare
j cumulus -loud formed over It. This re
' calls other ouservations of such clouds
J In-comlng deuse enough to produe.j a
! shower of rain.
Z-Hava from Glcwarnrma.
A Japanese man of -len-e. Mr. Mur
aoka, reports in a German scientific
JouriMil, Wiedemann's Annalep. the
curious results obtained by him Inst
summer while experimenting with the
light of glowworms. He oiwreu ,1 with
three hundred glowworms at Kyoto,
and he says that the light which they
emitted, when filtered through eard
lioard or eopiM't-plmes, showed the
properties of X-rays, or Becjuerel's
A Wonderful Walrrtpnut
On the night of the 'Altli of Novemter
last a watcrxiout burst over the city of
Povoacao, on the island of Saint Mich
ael, one of the Azores, and according to
the reiHirt accompuuylng a petition for
aid. which had been sent abroad, al
most In an Instant the deluge of water
rose above the roofs of Jie low- houses.
The homes of thotiKUiids were de
stroyed, a great ls of life occurred,
and on Its way to the sea the water
plowed a broad, deep channel nine
Artificial Diamond Once More.
The French chemist, Henri Moixsan,
whose recent vLsit to this country
awoke fresh Interest In his experiments
on making artificial diamonds by fus
ing ebareottl and iron together In bis
electric furnace, ha, since his return
to Paris, somewhat improved his meth
ods. Formerly most of the minute dia
monds produced by bis proitKj were
black in color, but now all are white.
They are exceedingly hard, scratching
rubles eonily, and answering other tests
for pure diamonds. It does not appear,
however. Hint Monsieur Molssan has
leen able to increase the size of the
gems he turns out.
Eip'onbn 1,'nd-r the Ocean.
Investigations concerning the great
sea-wave which suddenly swept in
upon the conwt of Japan with terribly
disastrous results last June have. It Is
reported, convinced Mr. Igi, of the
Japanese College of Science, that the
cause of the phenomenon was a vol
canic outburst at the bottom of the
ocean. He locates the point of ex
plosion about 200 letigues east of the
coast of Voshlhama, and thinks it was
comparable with the great eruption
that blew the island of Krakatoa to
pieces In lb&. It is said that the tern-
perature of the sea-water In the neigh
borhood of the place where the explos
ion Is though to have occurred, was
found to he 8 degrees above the nor
mal. KsTect of Lteht oa Plaats.
The attention of botanists has lately
been recalled to experiments made st
Juvlsy, near Paris, by Monsieur Fbtin
marion on the effect of exposing ihe
seedlings of sensitive plants to lights
of different colors. Having placed four
pairs of mluMM seedlings In fourMepa
nate pots In a hothouse, be covered one
pair with a bell of blue glass, another
with a bell of green glass, a third
with a bell, of red glass, while the
fourth waa. left, exposed to ordinary
wait light At the end of, two months
the plants subjected te blue light were
only one inch high, having hardly
grown st all. Those exposed to white
light were four Inches high, those that
bad grown In green light were live
Inches high, while those whose light
had been red were no less than sixteen
Inches high. Experiments with other
kinds of pktats save various results,
but In every Instance Mae light Im
peded growth and development.
A Meteoric Boasb.
Several remarkable meteors, seen In
and around New York City on the
afternoon, of December 4th last, were
the subject of discussion at a recent
meeting of the New York Academy of
Sciences, One passed over Central
Park, one waa seen from the Hrosfclyn
Bridge and one appeared at Fordham.
At nearly the same hour a niefor
passed over Paaaalc, Irving ton and
Danbury, Connecticut and one burst
j ""W ' w
the ground la torn pieces, from a
I artulv nf tlu.MakriSB aaiMriitnff thaaa
phenomena k has been suggested that
the fewtttef meteor asen at Balrway
wewarrwfwest tf the t4f wktebMNer
I far, om f wUefe asst vtvt Lrristoa
sn Itaubury, another over Fordham
and the third over New Vork, bii
where they stnn U the earth U liot
Carried by Their Wives.
An old caiij-r out once related to a
horriflel housekeeper his exierleu-e of
dish-washing In a miners' camp, it did
not take mucu time, though the com
pany was numerous and the nteusilt
of the kitchen were In constant ue.
The reason why It took but little time
be sufficiently Indicated by the stat.
inent that the cook-pot was not cleauet
till it Iwesme trn small to hold a pud
ding of reasonable size. Then some
body got a hammer and knocked ff the
hardened ai-cretlons from Its iuieror.,
till It was restored nearly enough to Us
original capacity to render further ser
vice. In Tory Island, an out-of-the-way bit
of an Irixb Islet, and Indeed to a less
degree throughout Donegal, the natives
are not much more dainty In their liv
ing, and their habit of letting the
grounds remain indefinitely in their
tenpo.s has disastrous couwijnenecs.
"Kvery day and all d;iy long." says a
recent writer, "the teaisit sits stewing
In the emlx-rg of the hearth, and at eacb
successive brew fresh tea Is thrown In.
but the old Is never thrown out until
the pot Im choked." The result Is an
unusual and excessive rate of Insanity.
Little wonder, when a Tory Island boy
who was questioned as to his usual
meals, could reply:
"Stirabout for breakfast and lay for
dinner; lay. av course, at tay-time, and
stirabout for supper. Whiles we have
tay for breakfast Instead ami Ktlrabout
for our dinner, and then another sup of
lay before bedtluie."
However, this diet. Injurious as It is
to the nerves, does not seem to affect
the muscle. The Tory Islanders are a
robust and vigorous race, the men aver
aging six feet In height and the women
unusually tall and o.rong. The w omen,
indeed, have need of all their phys-al
strength, since It Is they who do the
bulk of the outdoor work, while the
men stay at home and spiu nnd weave.
"At Anagry Ktrand 011 a Sunday
morning," says the same observer, "one
may witness a strange sight. At low
tide more than a mile of round.-) tumt Is
saved by wading across a narrow bay.
The men Include In their .Sunday's
wardrobe slioc aud stockings. The
women, by courtesy aud custom, wear
"iiinrtywns' footless stocking with a
liHp Hissing over the toe. K.n h giswl
wife lakes her goodmnu upon her shoul
ders, and the heroes are conveyed
An old Irishwoman, w ho lias received
ninny betieilw at the bunds of a Is-tiev-oleut
minister and bis wife, in so shift
less that occasionally the large-hearted
couple lose all patience with her; but
she lias such a sense of humor, and
such a lieguillng tongue, that be never
fails to amuse them aud finally to win
At one time when money wn given
her to buy warm underclothing with,
she wasted It upon a large plush pho
tograph album. The minister spoke to
her with considerable severity, as did
also his wife, an J for some lime Prl lget
received no calls from either of them.
One afternoon, however, the minister
relented and stopped at Bridget's door
on his way to sec a sick woman.
"Shure, and it's mesilf that dreamed
alsut you last noight. Mist her Will
lams," sjild Bridget, with a bftt tiling
smile. "Oi dreamed that you and Mis
sus Williams came here to wee me. aud
says you, 'How are you off for hiy and
coffee, Bridget V and Ol says "It's nivcr
a drop of ayther Oi've got In the bouse,
Mistber Williams!" And thin you pre
slnted me wld a pound of tay, and Mis
sus Williams wld a pound of coffee on
the shpot! Yin. sorr, (hat was my
"Well, Bridget," said the minister,
striving not la smile, "you kuow
dreams are said to go by contraries."
"Shure, and that's fwliat Ol said lo
mesilf," exclaimed Bridget triumphant
ly. "Raid Ol, 'Mistber Williams Is the
wan that'll be giving me the coffee and
Missus Williams the fay! This wa
my very thoughts, sorr."
Mice Wbtch Hsmt Birds.
A young woman living in Harlem was
the owner of a canary bird last week
that could do anything canary birds can
do. This bird's name was Speck, and
the way be could slug was a marvel to
listeners. It was Dot the load, ear
breaking sound of ordinary canary
birds, but a "sweet, tuneful murmur"
that this bird made. , On Thursday
morning, Just ss the sun began to crawl
down the door of her room, she beard
the bird In the adjoining room end It
song In a sort of gasping cry. When
she got time rite saw a mouse on the
bottom of the ;ige with the bird's
throat Id Its long teeth. The bird was
fluttering, but soon died, and the mouse
fled In alarm. It Is not often that caged
birds are attacked with mice, but such
things have happened. A rat waa one
time seen to still hunt sparrows 00 a
New York pier.
Mole Indlapaaaabte la War.
A Persian reginurt on tbe march la
a strange spectacle. Kvery three sol
diers hare a donkey, for there la neith
er baggage train nor commissariat. On
this donkey Is placed the worldly
wealth of Its proprietors and their mus
kets. Occasionally tbe veiled wife of
soldier bestrtdee tbe beast
Cat Oat for It.
Mother (lpatlestl.v-I dou't know
what will ever become of that child;
nothing pleases him.
Father (serenely)-Well, we'll make
au art critic of Wm.-Tld-Wts.
Wbea a Ma settles 4ew to his
atarr. 44 aarkts waawag, tints, to idle
talk, be gets a rvputsjtoa r, being
r I I a 1 - jI
Pwlaa Workers' Methods.
Methods of Swiss workmen furnish
an interesting contrast with those of
the energetic American artisan. Take
the watchmaker, for Instance, says a
writer In Cassier'a Magazine. He re
ceives the parts from the manufactur
er In the rough, take them to his
home. Hits his best Individual skill
into the finishing and assembling, and
brings the completed watches to bis
employer. The latter lnsMt-ts the work,
and out of a batch of. say. fifty watch
es he selects five or six as worthy of
his own attention and puts the others
Into his regular trade under some gen
eral trade name. The selected watches
he readjust, working over them for
slders Ihcin worthy to bear b's own
name, and it is these watches which
go to those ho not only have the mon
ey to buy, but also the patience to wait
A prominent firm of American Jew
elers In Switzerland, chafing uuder the
inconvenience of this old world method
of doing things, sought to Introduce
American methods, and see If the high
est grade of Swiss watches could not
be made more methodically. A fac
tory was built, enticing rates of wages
were offered to the most skillful work
men, and the experiment was tried.
But. alas! the Swiss workmen soon
found that uo regular wages could pay
him for bis loss of liberty. To be on
hand when the whistle blew In the
morning, to nave bis slated hour for
dinner and his fixed hour for rpittlug
at night these restrictions he could
not long stand. Formerly he bad work
ed when he felt like It and when he
was paid for one Job he took bis time
to begin the next, generally waiting
until his funds ran low. The factory
Inn did not work for long, am) the
Idle building now bears silent tesll
mony to the Swiss love for independ
ence, which Is as much a factor In pres
ent life as It has been in past history.
fontrnctina forfllr Work.
IOtidon. Kugland. Denver. Col., and
many other cities have clearly demon
ftrated that the system of letting by
contract al" work needed to be done by
a municipal government in the way of
grading streets, constructing sewers,
improving parks, building school-houses
and other public buildings, U both
vicious and expensive, says the Colum
bus itccord. In all cities where the
contract system has been abolished
and the work done under the control
and direct supervision of the city ar
chitects and superintendent of construc
tion better work was performed, bet
ter wages aid to labor and large sav
ings in expenses to tbe city assured.
And there Is no reason why this
should not lie done, because no con
tractor desires a contract to do work
for the city unless be can make some
thing out of In a financial way. If
there Is a profit to contractors who
take city contracts It Isuade through
too high a price being paid by the city
for the, work to be done, by (he con
tractor employing cheap labor, or
through the use of Inferior material,
hasty and faulty workmanship.
As able and competent engineers,
architects and superintendents ought
to be secured as cheaply by tbe city
as by contractors who do the city's
work, and (his gives to the city the
profits which usually go to the con
tractors or guarantees In lieu of profits
Itetter material and workmanship. This
city can well afford to drop its con
tluual warfare with contractors, em
ploy competent men, do its work, and
let the profits which have enriched so
many contractors In tbe past go out
by way of better wages to Its labor
ers, or by a reduction In the annual ex
penditures for snch work lessen the
burden of taxpayers."
Oridn of B-Ccat have.
(tit said that the &-ceut shave Idea
was started by a commercial traveler
rushing Into a New York barber shop
and calling for a "railroad" abave, says
the Midland Mechanic. Tbe surprised
barber asked blm what that was, and
was told It waa "a shave up one aide,
down the other ad across the ehla lu
three motions, minus bay rum and con
versation." In exactly one and ope-half minutes
(he Job, was done aad tbe traveler,
bleeding some, dropped a dime on tbe
desk and seised bis grip. Tbe .barber
gave blm back a nickel, observing that
"honesty was the best policy." An
apprentice was "fired" that day from
the shop for total incompetency, and
at once started a tonsortal foundry,
where you got a "railroad" shave with
no talk for ft cent bay rum extra.
This was tbe beginning of tbe &-cent
Laboring Mea's Wives,
There is one class of Is borers who
never strike and seldom complain.
They get up at 5 o'clock In the morn
Ing and never go to bed until 10 or 11
o'clock at night, says s writer In the
Woman's Journal. They work with
out ceasing during the whole of that
time and receive no other emolument
than food and clotblug. They under
stand something of every branch of
economy and labor, from finance to
cooking. Though harassed by a hun
dred responsibilities, though driven and
worried, though reproached and look
ed,down upon, they never revolt and
they cannot organise for their own pro
tsctioo. Not even sickness relieves
1nfb from their post No sacrifice Is
osstnss too grant (or them t make,
and do Incompetency la any braaeh of
la tsed. No essays gr
poem are written in tribute to their
steadfastness. They die In the harneK.
and are supplanted as quickly as may
be. These are the housekeeping wives
of the laboring men.
Natlonal tabor Acoay.
The main object of the national ia
!xr academy w hich It Is proposed to
organize In this country Is to give to
the working cople a fundamental
theoretical education, says the Cincin
nati Commercial-Tribune. The acad
emy w 111 give Its members In the short
est possible time such an education as
every cultivated man. and eseclnlly
an Intelligent workingman, should pos
sess. The limited time at his disposal
requires that all nonessentials should
be droped and that only necessary
facts In the proposed education lie re
tained. It will, therefore, be neces
ary lo concentrate the work of seven
or eight years of the ordinary prepara
tory school Into two years of the acad
emy, and it Is tills w hich the academy
proposes to do. It will omit the dead
languages, and educatlo will be taken
np more on the lines of physiology and
The main course of study, which will
extend over several terms, will con
sist of mathematics, social and politi
cal science, biology, natural science
and philosophy. To make the academy
successful special labor libraries will
be gathered and special text books pre
pared and distributed. Scholarships
be founded to meet the special
conditions that will arise and render
possible th-J Investigations which will
follow. It Is understood that women
are to be admitted to membership upon
a perfect equality with men to all de
partments. Their Instruction Ir kitch
ens will not b- according lo the Ideal
conditions that never exist, but will
conform sirictly lo the clrcumstanci-s
that must occur In tbe family of tbe
New Community t- atnhllnhrd.
A new community tailed "Common
wealth" has lately been established
thirteen miles from Columbus, In Mus
cogee Comity. Ja., adjoining the Ma
con Railroad, says the Altruist. If a
nam becomes a member of a colony he
must add what be can to the common
wealth of the place, whether It be
much or little. If It Is much. It gives
him no higher stand than If It Is lit
tle, for It Is for the common good, and
he reaps the benefit either way. The
common Interest Is the concern of all,
and Is shared alike by all. They have
ten families there now, and 4"J more
persons are waiting to come ns soon
as more houseroom can be built for
them. They now live in two houses,
and all eat at one table. They are us
ing the latest Improved Implements,
and they have stock or the finest breeds
of horses, cows, hogs aud chickens.
Their land Js all paid for, and they do
not owe anybody for anything, and
so they will be eutlrely Independent
and free from any obligations to any
body for what they use.
Decisions tor Watra F-arn-rs.
Tho appeal rase of the employes of
contractors at the (lovenimeut Chlcka
mauga Park, Tennessee, has been de
cided In favor of tho employed. This
decision practically overthrows the sy-,
tern whereby employers have compell
ed employes to rent anil live In com
pany bouses, or to employ and have
tbe pay stopped in the office for the
The contractors will bare to refund
about f,00Q collected for t!ie purposes
named. Another late decision Is that
of Judge McMahon, st Ludlngton,
Mich., In the case of the striking em
ployes of the Flint snd Pere Marquette
Railway Company. The company
sought relief by Injunction. The Judge
ssys that while tbe strikers have no
right to Interfere forcibly to prevent
the operation of the road, they have
tbe rlgbt to use moral suasion to Indues
men to Join them and to qalt work.
Qaajsial Urahinr Mwtse.
Domestic servants in Australia are
orgulxUf. The movement started la
Melbourne and Is spreading.
The Amalgamated . Association of
Iron and feteel Worheraof America will
hoM lu annual coaveaUon lo Detroit
Tbe Trade and -Labor Assembly of
t Paul is fighting the creation of a
state Immigration bureau, with a sal
Wives of union printers In Melbourne
hsve organized a guild, which will have
for Its main object the relief of fam
ilies of printers out of work or other
wise iu distress.
Miners compelled to deal In the com
pany store at Powhatan, W. Vs., are
charged as follows: Flour, $8 a bar
rel; potatoes, il.tW a busbel; sugar, 10
cents a pound; aalt meats, 12H cents a
Australian marine engineers have
struck for higher wages and other con
cessions. Tbe shipowners hare grant
ed the Increased pay. and a conference
will be held to consider the other ques
tions. At least 30,000 men have been thrown
out of work 1 y the drowning out of In
dustrial establishments iu tho Monon
gahrla Valley, Ptaosylvaala. Tbe wa
ters have receded aad the work of clear
ing up tbe debris, begun. ,
Motorman Mulroooey, who perple
sd the street railway companies and
ontoa entatoyaaof Detroit by snln- for
an Injunction te pre rent bis being dis
charged for noa-aoloaism, relieved too
general strain of rsalgnlng.
ft 1 Jr
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