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About The Sioux County journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1888-1899 | View Entire Issue (March 18, 1897)
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, 3 '
CHARGING THE HOSTILES.
A Brave Little t e II. .w Ki ln 1 hrou h
0. I'jn t lif Indite.
la St. Micholas Oertriid-- P. Orel,.
has a ato.-y of f nm, l--r life oaile 1 "1 'a ti
ny auj the r.'" D.iiuiy was ti.e
7-year-old sun an army captain, and
the "Major" a a fa tiinir hor.-e. dm
day lie was riding hiui hi rnwpat'y with
hi friend, a S -nu-'tx corporal, .'. .tea ta
horson u f (:; post ,v re ;.. .ii-'ii-!, ami
the corporal w.is lar.i,m and injured.
Iariny started to ri lo for assistance,
ami this wan his experience:
Awsy to the i-ortli a clou 1 of dust
marked tiit- icceo- p;;s.ag- i.f ihe herd.
Oa every other lde swept the table
land, empty and pla--i 1 and smiling.
Aud beyond, to the south, -,;:. .! the fort
and home. Danny look a:-:. stMiii.-d
liirnwlf iu the ts;nl.ll ami ;.nt the Ma
jor into a mart eatih-r. iioi'Viiit tu
n-ins finijly, and tryitijc to n- aii liif ur
poral'g instiiK-tii'i; as he mdv. iliinli
11S .with an cvcr-rfi-iirrint; jiimc of his
file-nd's ooudltloti, ha;i.y tl:at the d'.s
t.mce to the neceicary su-vr was ili
Uiinislilnx so rajiiilly, utid toialiy forget
ful of the anxiety wiileb had a-tated
the veteran bef.re the aeeldeut that
had separated them.
Suddenly, at the end of some fifteen
minutes of tranquil ridine. as the Ma
jor galloped alonx the edge of the tim
ber which frinf-red tnp Muff, there was
a loud erafchlns; in the bushes, and a
gayly decorated war-pony scrambled
through them, his rider Krnntin-f In sur
ly surprise; while at the name moment,
from the thicket beyond, three other
half-naked ficuren appeared and lined
up In the path which led to safety.
The chiid's heart flapped beating.
IIi frontier training told hltu that all
that had gone leforr, even the tragedy
which had darkened the afternoon, was
as nothing compared with this new and
awful danger. In a paroxysm of terror
he tried to stop the Major-tried with
ail his small strength to turn him aside
towanl the open plain, to check hi
mad plunge into the very arms of the
enemy. I:ist for the first time the horse
paid attention neither to the beloved
voice nor to the tiny hands pullins so
dif'pcrati iy upon the ivinx.
AVhelher it was the sight of an old
and hated foe, or whether the wise,
kind heart of the auii.i:i rciiized th"
full extent of the peril of which ile
child was as yet enly half n.vare, it
would lie hard to say. liiit linle la;i
found hii'isi !;' g -sing faster ;haa he h.t.l
tliouglit pis I'll:- -and fasier-and fast
ertill tiie tawny, fcuti-iii'n.i d piaia,
and the pitll-r-s s:;)iiing sky. and the
Dearer, greetier folia ire of the wiiiows,
and even tin? oniliie-s of the dread"d
savages tliems iv'.s became as no many
parts of a great rushing, whirling
whole, and all his strength was absorb
ed in the effort to retain his gcat upon
the bouiiiiiiig horse.
And so, like some wion from their
owa weir.! legends, stt aight down upon
the asionished Indians swept the gn at
bronze beast with its goi lea haired
burdeni Down upon them, ami through
them, and away till by the lime they
had recovered from their amazement
there was a gwl Ut'.y yards betiveei)
tliem and their living prey! And that
distance, hard a.s they might ride, wa
not easily to be overcome!
After Unit first wild rnsii the Major
settled into a steadier pace a smooth,
even run, so easy to sit that the lad re
laxed his cinich upon the animal's
mane and turnul his eyes to the hori
zon, where gathering s.varms of sav
ages showed like cluster of ants
against the slope of the hillside. la
his track, with shrill, singing cries, like
hounds upon a trail, came his pursu
ers. Ami far to the south there was
a puff of while smoke from the walls of
the fort, and a motneut later the liret
heavy, echoing lmoin of the a!ar:u-gui)
thundered across the plain:
Flavor' (1 to uit the Tast .
'. Thomas Ilendr'i l;s, a farmer resid
ing at I.isle. N. V.. recen'iy s ihl a quan
tity of eggs to a faioiiy in Bingiiam
ton. who com;.'ai::ed that fliey were
almost worthless, owing to a strong
taste of keivseue. He could not ac
count for tiiis, but when a bakery that
he had. been supplying refused to re
ceive any more of his goods for the
game reason he began an investiga
tion. We f luini that the chickens had I
eaten a quantity of corn left lying In
the vicinity of two kerosene barrels.
This gave hiui an jdea and he began
to experiment He confined three hens
In a coop and fed them, on corn that
had been soaked over night in water
strongly tinctured with extract of va
nilla. The result was that the eggs
could not be eaten, but when used in
cooking imparted a delicate flavor to
the cake or pastry, without the use of
other flavoring. He took some of th'e
eggs to the bakery, where they were
tested and pronounced superior to any
ting In the flavoring line.
When People Catch Cold.
The "cold spots," meaning thereby
the surface areas peculiarly susceptible
to cold, are principally the nape of the
neck and the lower part of the back
of the head, the frout of the abdomen,
and the shins. The acute discomfort
ami the sense of impending disaster
hich results from the steady play of
a current of cold air upon the uitck
from behind are well known. The tie
cesslty of keeping the abdomen warm
ly clad U also generally recognized,
though perhaps not ns generally car
Tied Into practice. Curiously enough,
tew people are conscious of the danger
tbejr run by expottng the usually in
adequately protected shlna to currents
of cold air. Tbli la the usual way In
which colda are caught on omnibuses.
Wben driving one taken care to cover
the leg! with a rug or waterproof, but
on the more democratic conveyances
ruga are not often available, and the
nckiMa puwenger by and by awoken
to the fact that the Iron ha entered
Ma aoul- ln other words, that he has
"eaagat old." People who wear
s'.n k.i!gs siteh ,-is jnghltrtdein, golfer ;
and i vi ii;.i.s iuvanal ly take the ,n-;
im.tiou of Hinting ?:ie tl k wi.l,-u
liiat. rial down on r the shitis. the
fi r to prtiie t li.eni gain.-t o of lieu!,
though, incidetitiiily. the uriiiieial em-
bellishiiti tit of the .-niv.K m.-.y hot be
altogether foreign to the ij:--itn euvre. !
This is an insta :. of how a. I things
work ingether for g' cl. If d .es not, j
of e-'U; -i', foil ,w Iku ;tw vnaitl area j
.ire ii. .-Hiarlv
to i .i d, that '
A chill may u t l- convey e,- to the ner
vous MMein frojji ot!"-r P"i!.ts. I'ro
loiigeu .-Ktimj on a i-ioue, or ev, n on
he grass. Is v. ell kt;wn to be a
fcriiie s-uirce of disease, and wet. cold
f e ure also, with reason, 'T'Mitod
with paving th" way to an early grave.
I.uuJon Medical t'nfas.
i J i . -'"' V.;.,. "'r t
Two books hy Mr. Howell t o tout
to appear a novel. "Th Landlord a
Lion's Head," and a comedy, "A Pre
Maiirus Jokai's latest novel ha been
translated by Mrs. Wacgh and ! to ap
pear utider the title, "The Green Book;
or. Freedom I'lider the Know." It U a
novel of Russian history.
The Ix-ndon Chronicle reTlew Sir
Robert Peel's pa'artou book under the
head, "The Career of a Hull Young
Man," and cHs It "a tedious, tedious
tale, unrelieved by humor, untouched
by pathoH, unillun.ined by the faintest
gleam of Imagination."
Philippe (iodet, a Swiss Journali.st.
has discovered at Mld lacttte, In Hol
land, among the archive of the lieu
tiuck family, thirty-uii.e unpublished
letters of Voltaire, which are being
published in the llevue de Paris. The
letters are dated from 17e3 to 177".
Many of the arth-les contributed by
the late Rev. I r. Alonzo 11. Quint to
ti. e Con -.':",! ' : .' ! f have beeu coi
' i ted ; . tl i;; 'r iu Usik form
; mler ihe title, "Common Jn,- Chris
tianity." The prefaee will if written
by Ihe Rev. A. E. Punning, the editor
of the Coligre;.'Ht!!'A!ist.
Mary E. Wllklus Is engaged In writ
ing a series of tketcle-s of New En
gland neighborhood life for the Ladles'
Home Journal. They will portray a
small community's wwiai lu'lulgenvs.
sketching the old-fashioned ' nuii'ii.g
party, the time-worn iiiigitiS-neuool,
and the apple paring bee.
Among the books announced is It.
Fridjof Nans n's "Farthest North." It
is describid !n the subtitle as "the nar
rative of the voyage of the Trum,
1MI.VJX!. and the fifteen-months' hledge
expedition by Ir. Naiisen uil Lieut.
Johaii! en, with an apjiemiix by Otto
Neyer.lrup, an et-!cd portrait of the
attthor, about 120 full-page lilii.-tra-tioiis,
six'een colored plates in f.-tc imi
L from Tr. Nucf-en's own sketehes.
and several photogravures ami maps."
AVale' (one! Nature.
Stephen I- iske d' scribes the Prince
of Wales' vi.-i; to America in the La
dies' H'-uie Journal and relates tiiese
in ten sting ir.eidems of ills tour
through Canada: " Tite f.'ailmiics
had gained a little victory over ihe
stern liuke of Newcastle at Vuebee.
and now the Orangemen demanded to
be allowed to present addresses to the
Prince, and to l,e received heparately
from their Catholic feilow-citiztus.
The Duke consulted with ijovcriior
ie:iernl li'-ad uhd refused to permit
ihis distinction. At Kingston an (tr
inige demonstration was prepared, and
the royal par'y did not land from the
steamer. The Orangemen chartered
another steamer and pur-m-d the
Prince to KrociUoii, but again he was
not allowed to go on shore. At Coburg
a party of llfty Canadian gentlemen
took the horses from his carriage aud
drew him through the pretty hamlet.
At Toronto the Mayor apologized for
the display of Orange Hags; the Prince
was hooted and hissed when he attend
ed church, and serious riots were fear
ed. All trouble was averted, however,
by the gwid humor of the Prince him
self. He was taking a drive with the
I Hike, and the Orangemen hastily
hung a banner across the road so that
the royal party had to drive under it.
Newcastle was Indignant and ordered
the coachman t0 urB 1,8 ' k; D,lt an"
other Orange banner had lecu hung to
cut off the retreat. Then the Prince
laughed heartily, took off his hat to
the flag, and was cheered by the Or
angemen. However, the Duke was not
mollified, and the Journey to Niagara
Falls was expedited. The Prince first
paw the great falls on September lf.
A number of riding horses had been
provided by the Canadian government,
and he mounted at once ami rode to
view the falls from various points."
taly'a Deserted Cities.
No more romantic places exist tVian
the deserted cities of Italy. Tbey are
found all ore: the country, but chiefly
In the March of Aneona and the old
Grand Duchy of Tuscany. In tben
you may see great marble jia luces, to
which a bit of siring does duty as a
bell-pull; and, if you enter, you find s
corner of some grand salon, often with
a ceiling by an Illustrious artist, screen
ed off for the inhabitant to live in. That
Inhabitant may be some Italian or En
glish lady, who has the smallest possi
ble Independence, and she may get aucdi
a palace, where some cardinal or mar
ches formerly lived, for a very few
pounds a year.
Nails are now made by machinery,
ribbons or long slip of Iron or ateel be
ing fed to machine, which cut out the
nalla complete at one stroke.
THE i:0OMLN(I CANNON
RECITALS CF CAM? AND
tarriTurt of the Krhrltioa Kelcte
Mur Aaailai 4 -tarlliae Inci
deott of Utarchrtt. lamp Life, Fciraje
loj; Kiprrifncra ml llattle t-ceai .
Mr. Jairo-s T. I
fortunate in bein
his share to war I
e.l ! .-, of Detroit. IS
; aloe to contribute
iistury. f or he kept a
d.ary for every day he s. ruiJ. Mr.
Peadle was a rue.mher of tin- celebrat.-d
Loottiis" I'af.ery A from its organiza
tion to Its dissolution, anl was pr.,citt
in all of its engagements, Inelud.ng (he
tierce tight at Citickatutiiiga, wheu ev
ery gin of the battery except one was
captured by the Confederates, although
they were afterward retaken and
brought hack to Mb higan.
On the Identical t.;it on the Cbicka
mauga hatt.'ctieh where the battTy
was captured now stands a granite
n.ORument to mark the piaec where the
Michigan men o gallantly s'ru;gl"d
agninst a vmtly superior font', and
wberethegjllMnt Lieut. Van Pelt. then it.
commander, tighUng ntublsiruly for the
possession of bis precious doc of war.
gave up his life. On this laMing tribute
to the brave men who fell there, and to
perpetuate forever an Incident of one
of the bloodiext stnicgles on that fa
mous battlefield, has teen placisl a
bronze tablet depicting the scene ut the
time the battery was taken by the Con
federate. The figure on hirveback in
the right center foreground represent
Lieut Van Pelt at the moment he was
struck by the bullet that laid him low,
and In the middle background can le
seen the only piece of artillery, which
was in charge of Lieut. Rachrnan. that
was saved from capture that day. The
ponitlon of the lottery was in a pie, of
rather open woods, ihe Ireo In full fo
liage, sni the enemy ivann"d In and
around with such overwhelming force
that th result was quickly determined;
but seiner than abandon tite position
the Miehigandem were almost annihil
ated before being overpowered, making
one of the roost determined dcfetir.es In
the annals of any battery during the
ar, dealing destruction to the hosts nf
Confederates who pressed up to the
tr lizzie of the guns, and only surren
der! tig the beloved p!v-e to superior
Pel:;? asked for a short history of the
fam ins Michigan artillery r.rgantzatlon,
Mr. 11. a. He g.ivp (,ip the following In-form.-t'L
u; "Hattery A was mustered
into the service of the Fritted Krateson
May 'JS, isol, and left the State, thor
oughly equipped, May 31. P'il. urcler
ommriiid of ( apt. Cyrus O. Loo-nis, for
the field In Wert Virginia, the nrn.a
U;eut consoling of six bniss six-poutel-ers.
The battery attracted imj.-ii mteti
lion on the Journey, the sine appearance
of tin? men and the oompletenes, (,f the
outlH Is-ing subjects of much praise.
July II we were engaged in the batfie
of Rich Mountain. Here ;en. Mcciid
lan ord.-red us to be supplied with six
ten-ptmtidor Parrott guns, the old brass
Iiicis being laid aside and never after
ward used. Oct. 1 we crossed Cheat
Mountain and took part in an artillery
duel of four hours' duration. We ar
rived at Rowling Creen Feb. 11, 1:.'!,
going into position in advance of the
cavalry on linker's Hill, and quickly
unllmberlng and getting into position
we threw shot and shell into the ene
my's camp. Tiie first shell (ire, from
a gun in my section, at n distance of
about a mile and a half, was so well cal
culated that It passed through the ls.il
er of a locomotive, disabling it and pre
venting several others from Iwing j
moved v, !th their traiuloadu of military j
"The battery tiKk an Imisiriant part I
in the i.J(tiie of Perryville on Oct. S. and
by gallant and effective service saved
the right wing from being flanked. We
repelled live charges til. ring tiie fore
noon. The last position was taken nlsitit
3 p. m., and we were told to hold it at
all hazards, us it was the key to ihe
field. The guns were placed on what
the Keniuokians call a nob,' and here
the Confederate charged at us and
pounded us with their artillery. Once
orders came to Loom is to spike his
pioc, and save his men 'from slaugh
ter, but this he refused to do, saying he
would remain so long as he had a man
or gun left. He held the position, repel
ling every attempt of the enemy to
drive hli: out, and finally succeeded la
bringing oJ the entire battery. Rut our
loss was heavy eighteen men being
killed and wounded, with thirty-three
horses slain or disabled.
"Dec. 29, IS'12, we were enca roped
within a mile and a half of the Con
federate lines In front of Murfrees.
boro, where for four long days and
nights the battery was actively en
gaged. Dee. 31 we moved np Iu front
of the enemy and the battle of Stone
Itiver was tin. About 10 o'clock a. m.
the firing was hot on both sides, espe
cially so in a cedar grove on the right,
and finally the Infantry were driven
lack In a panic, running 'n every di
rection, pursued by the Confederals.
Hut Col. Ioomls wn equal to the emer
gency, and bringing up hi battery he
opened a galling fire on the advancing
enemy, who, recognizing what was be
fore them, made desperate attempts lo
capture the guns. Every man of the
battery stood like a hero at his post,
while a hall of shell and shot was jtour
ed lnto,u. Then the order came to
double shot the guns wliu cannier and
to fl'e as rapidly as they could be load
ed. A 'each discharge the enemy in
front were mowed down by hundreds.
A flag of truce aoon appeared, the fir
ing ceased, and the Confederate who
had attacked us surrendered. The bat
tery in this Instance, I believe, saved
the center and perhaps the whole army
from defeat. The battery bad twenty-
two men killed, wounded or miMlng
ai.d Lenity '. Lorce k.
;- ; l. r. n as tri a reu ie: r ; i v a
tie h -ton of the U it?..ry. la t 'h"
i. r. as n't a reii
wh'de of u ea::,e Hear !--.ig !;!
cut a:l e !.t the of our Pur-itt -
p.ei!, -s. It was at the little of Ch! . k-
an, liiu. Wr were atlllehej l-l r.,,,.
fterdu.. r' brigade and I.kut. Vun Pell
was in co!.,i:.aiid of the ba'.iery.
In a. I li attack on the t'oii:e
iu( 1 , ;i by lien. Lra-iia a
eitren e ! ft, wi'li the view of
tl,.., , , e tiie creek. Cr .x'eti'
a de ha 1 or
in Ii two
ark Forrest's civs try,
rj J.r;gadt. w rr scat
and Crei'.oi wia
"1 tie:1 (it-ii. Yb jtuaa
;1: i t:o.i and 'he Coil
titled back, t iie:i an-
lu to li-forc-d
St ilt Uj I'.! .
tit her '
. :' i s ii
i re i...:
division erne up,
against u twu
one. and I'.aird ivas iu turn fun-1
ret. re. Then the s'.onii of war bv
around our ha'tery urn! the air ti
alive with angry bullets anl shrinking
st.iii. IioriM arid men fell every mo
ment. I '. ut Van Pelt managed his
flee. with dexterity and cWti a ltd
the men tiuit remained sK.t loyally
by him. Each d charge of our g
moked great swatii- ihrongh toe mills
of tiie Confedera-ti. but l II Ihe yell
ing mam rushed on. We could h no
more. Our horst were shot d"W n
Many of our artilier.sts were killed or
disabled, and the. infantry Mipporllm.'
Uk had been com;eIled to cut its nay
out or le captured. Then the ('.mfed
erate hofcts rushetl np lo I tic mti.i.les
of our uselek guns. VaiU Pell being
t-hot down while heroically defending
the battery which kail U-cotne a terror
to the enemy.
"In ihe meantime the ('
had entered the space ec:-.(,;i..l by '.he
battery in couicderable force and gain
ed potistt.ioji ef (lime of Hie guns, at. I
it was soon tet'U that we ennid no! leo l
the poa-'.l'.on iirsaxe all Ihe jiiei-eS by
retri-atifg The attempt vft mtdi.
but as we !:ad lost iuty hor--s tiie d
rihled caiiie-n could not be litken away.
The i antion'-ere. howeier, ran one gnu
l ack to the limber and brought .1 fn:u
the field. Lieut. I In h j! i a 1 1 hit I td'.ar.te
of ti e Ion to winch it Im-ioIIc I.
(in the aftt rnoeti of the t'.rst day s oa:
th- icie ijf the p.i"' ess r"a pture.t an I
on. she neit day it wus aeer,,iiei thai
two mure had be'-ti re'aken. The bat
tle of M Sniotia rj Itidge yielded op ill
other, ami after ihe fail of Atlanta an
other was n-eovercd, thus making up
th" entire number captured at Che It:,
"Th "e are three survivors of the
metis battery now l.ving In Detro
Ceorge T. Jack, who was M-rgen;
tin; seethm of one of the giias I ha!
capMiri-l at Ch'a ka tna uga, ati-1
was shot through the breast a ml f
prisoner 111 the charge: Jati.e.t T.
die, sergcuat of the s'S'tloa of l.te
that was sated; uti'i Poilce Cat
!5achs;,iin, row in charge of tic ,
bull avt-iiiie j oi'.i e sta i Ion, i:i this
"Tin- iuittery while in service fu
i a a
th (, .jV'l'-ra;es at Rich Monnta n. W.
Va., .Iuty 11. lwi; Elk water, W. Va..
Sept. 11 and 12, lv;l; Creeti llr.ar, V.
Va., Oct. Pv'.l: Ro.vlitig O'reeti, K'y..
I'cii. 11, IS'i'-l; I'erryv.l'o, Ky.. Oti. .
IM'C; I'.ri igeport. Ala'.. April Lb. i '-2:
Oun'her's 1 g. Abe. May 15. PCJ;
Athens. Ala., May Is '.-: Vliit,-s,i..r...
A hi., Juno, isi;j. nUltl RH-i-r. Tci.a..
Dec. 111. JSiV.'; Jan. 1, ". ii
vers 1 1;, p. Tf-nii., June L'o,
amnuga, Oa., Sept. lii,
out Mount.-rt. November,
sionary Ridge, Nov. 'J.", ly.:
Kirld I) vfrlnn.
Ceneral Horace porter t-i;t tiie fo! j
lowing atieciiott in "Cauipalgning witii
Crnnt" in tiie" Century: During the ten j
iny l.'3'.t'e through wliicli we hn! I
Just passed very little relief, physical j
or mental, had been obtained; but there
was one statl-ont'er, I t loncl II . ;
who often tame as bearer of mcsai !
to tiitr iiejiii iii.-irtt nr-, wli.i always nn,:i- ,
aged to crn-ioie himstlf with mnel I
reading, and his peculiarity in this re- j
sped became u standing joke among
thnee who knew h'm. lie went alcc.it
with bis f-sddle.iaigs slnffed full of,
thrilling romance)!, and was seen sev-!
eral times sitting on his hoifc niider a
brisk tire, por.ng over tiie lasl pages j
of an absorbing volume to reach :hej
denouement or tne p,:t. and evttu
a greater curiosity to find how the hero t
and the heroine ivere going to be ex
tricated from the entangled dilemma
into which they had been plunged hy
the unsympathetic author tiian to learn
the result of the surrounding battle.
One of his pecalinrilit was that he
took It for granted that all the people
, , ., , ,,, F '
he met were perfectly familiar w t i
his line of literature, and lie talked
about nothing but tie merits of the ',
latest novel. For the Inst week he had I
been i-vnnring Victor Hugo'! "Ies
Miserabi .'' It was an English trans- !
lation, for ihe officer had no knowledge
of French. he was passing a house
in rear cf tne "angle no saw a young
lady seated on the porch, and. stop- I
ping his horse, bowed to her with all I
the grace of a Chesterfield, and en- j
deavored to engage her In conversation, j
Before he had gone far he took occa
sion to remark: "Ry the way, have
you en 'Lees Miserable'?' angliciz
ing the pronunciation
Her black eyes j
in as she tartly !
replied: "Don't jou talk to tne that ? Uh ft((, '
way; they're a good deaJ better than j rtllir,cy'l,ad no time to plan a rescue
Grants miserable anyhow!" I bla ! , vu.llM of . ,,,, ,1()r ,
was retold so often by those who heard j t() ,, ssls.ance. He aim
It that, for some time after, IU repetl- , a ,, , rj
tion seriously endangered the Colonel's I o)n(t ,mU(1 oy ,,,, ,
peace of tnlnd. wrfi ,0 lnp p)are wl(.r(, ,h(f mh uj
Split Italls at 91,
Chart Htonecyper Is one of the old
est cimr.en of Franklin County, Geor
gia. At the age of 01 be Is well aud
rtout. One morning last week. It Is
told, after doing the usual work about
the bouse, be went oat and spilt fifty
ralla before noon.
i i w
4 l-i ')
'!"., '-.'' p Y '
1' .' . f y'Y V U '
? i, - i"J . yl J')
; "U ' '" --j ' ', ' ffi ; v )
' i r .'i-l
(.mid iikiolrt leaf,
It lwcoties more and more ap"arcnt
that what vta fotturly a public re
'jut'Nt for good roads now Is-coning
a public demand. Where the p -..pie
WI reulleevitisiie-l to l.ill.C a s;l'-i limi,
tin y are nw isjHe j u, dieoiie. What
is gisd for eveiylsidy, uoldy sluuild
loj It Is now pn-ity well imder.-tiMd that
lo pis si roads are the most ei-onomical in
ke vi sinteiit a piiple can put their money
in. How to improve Hie public high
ways is now the topic of discussion.
There is no longer any ipieslien that
they should be improved.
Tiie already o t r biie d farmers are
I eginning lo lsk uiiii ihe se. titi:ig if
good nulls as a hx-al means of increas
ing their welfare nitl.e,- than as nmie
thing to add to their proem heavy bur
den of debL There is a gitting together
of all forces Interested iu the subject
that warnints the pre liction that
Is to be a notable year in highway im
provement. The law makers and the
road makers are being cui-ouraged by
all hisses and ages to do somithing of
a practical nature. Are jou doing your
A Farmer (Jovernor fpraUa.
(bsnl rtsuls are essential to our blgh-
it development socially, inlelletuitlly
and financially. Many comities in our
State, actuated by a simniemlable
spirit of progni, are nipldly Improv
ing the highways, lu the near future
some of our counties will have a com
plete system of fns' gravel roads. The
, innln thoroughfares in thtw tsuintii,
having been graveled and rceiisl by
the county commissioners, are kept iu
j remir at the county's expense. Tiie su
pervisor, being thus relieved from " are
, of the main thoroughfares, is enabled
to ,!!- titrate i in- lalxir and lax ;U his
'disposal ut the lateral roads; li-'ine
H II will soon U- impnu t ,1. The eeonomy
In road ImproNemein will s,s.n be ib tie
onstraletl by the faei that the i-ounlies
Iiiiviiig the .it ro.'ids wid ma intuin
them a! less sst than the mud roir's,
, wiU) all their '.M-onveiili-nces, are n.ain-taint-d
in tiieir w retclieil isn lit ion. The
work reipjipi-il by la -v of at'le ismdi-u
meti. toeetle r Willi the road lax. gives
to the r.-d supervisors of our Sltlte the
expend!! ure, iu money and labor, of a
vast sum. Much of this is wasted by
reason of Incompetent management.
The railroad l:il for highway Improve
ment. In some road ilistrii Is of our
Stale, is so manipulated by the road su
pervisor that the money inures more lo
his beiietit than the Improvement of the
thoroughfares. In some iutanccf, in
our Stale, a brokerage business Is citr
ried on, and money Is made out of traf
ficking in this read tax.
While some of our mad laws tieed re
forming, the manlier of their execution
liteds rcvojttr;-i..y-..-When competence is
imitle tlj le.-t in sole, -ting stipt r li-irs,
and tax paye'.n see (hat they discharge
their duties, we wdl inul some ituprove
meiil iu our highways without addi
tional tax.-From the Inaugural Ad
dress of t.'ov. Mount of Indiana.
j t.ullant Itesuee by o Uy.
i The heroic achievements represent
ed iu fiction arc- now and then unite
surpassed by some brave deed doiie in
j very truth. Such a deed, the story
;of which stirs the heart. Is recorded
j In the Oregonian of Portland. Ore.
! At Clarno. Ferry, on life John Day
River, a large stream which llows into
the Columbia. liies a ranchman named
Domild McRne, who has an Invalid
wife and a little boy in years old. one
day recently MoRtie had to lake his
wife away for medical treatment, and
left the Isiy, whose name is Donald,
to stay about ihe place and get his
meals at the Chirm', who live on the
opposite side of the river.
Just at tills lime a Hood arose, and
the fiver became a raging torrent. At
(i o'clock in the evening Charley Clar
no. the son of Andrew Clarno, the fern-man
was about to L'o afler little
. Domild, lo iiinke sure that he got safely
across the river to supper, when he
'.KiW Donald, who win a self-reliant fel
low, already on his way.
i At that moment. In the very middle
, of the river, the boat capsized, and
i was swept away from Donald by the
s.t,-,.,il f'toirU.V evf.ectitt tliut Il,.,i
. , , , , . . . . , , , ,
aid would not Ik- seen again, for surely
.,, ,, ,
no one could live in such a torrent;
but presently he was astonished to see
the tsiy's ht-iid nnd shoulders rise from
the Ihsid, ami to hear him cry lustily
What iKinald had succeeded in doing
whs lo lay hold of a wire, which had
ls-en slretehed across the river, below
Ithe main ferry cable, to prevent the
ferry-lsiat from blowing ti far bwsj
from the cable In a high wind. Ordi
narily the cable and the wire are sev
eral feet alsive the witter, but In this
flood lolh were partially submerged.
In going down when he was swept out
of the lion I, Donald had ls-en carried
against thi wire. He had seized It,
ti o1 u-tiu Loenttlfy tiitt lielit ul.,-. ,..
The distance was aliout one hundred
and fifty feet. Charley could make
this eaally enough, but be ws struck
with consternation before be reached
Donald to see that their combined
weight waa sinking the wire so that
the boy waa being carried under the
urfftoa, Bat from moment to iuo-
u,e:,i the nt-ii -f the tonrht brought
I'u, i... and r-i l; ,!:d
jer t'ov, !i was i.ioS'Oj wi
e;,i: !U a I-.ttle I'., .llll
At am r.iie, re was ie . -
ttoH I, a to j orwwi-e. an I CI jth-y kept
..,,.i,iiv ..i. i l.e had K ;-e. in hi
i anus 1 ' :i.-il.?, is ..o was a.:-'
dr.,wiied. The !!::. .:-ed w- glit a-l at
on.- sp..: no w sank !di. l':-. '"it Char
ley ch::, te nd batk with It'-eild, liuw
out of tiie w :;ter f-,r a ne.i -cut, now
tiiiil.r it asjain. lhinklng t :fh monn nt
would be his Jast. .i:.d feifing that
Dole Id w.ts already drowned.
At lust Is.th leached tie-shore. Don
ald was apparently lifeless, but Charley
summoned all hi.s strength and Hailed
off, with the limp body iu his arms,
to his parents' house. Mr. ami Mrs.
Clartiii saw him come up, and helped
him into the bouse. Then they devoted
their ullcution to the seemingly drown
ed Donald, whom they ooii revived.
Charley wauled nothing more than a
little rest and a good deal of supper.
These matters attended to. Imth the
rci! r and tiie rescued were soon a
brisk as imi
"Siiihi- Young Fellows."
An American w ho had lived iu Mexi
co for twenty years came luuk to thin
country a few mouths ago, and visited
the places and people that were once
familliir to him. ILs opinion of his ijl
livc laud, us reported by the M ex less
corressindeiit of the Iiostuu Herald.
Is by no means fluttering. There are
"nice people" here yet. but he thinks
that the prevailing tendencies in Amer
ican life favor extravagance, pretes
tloii, hurry and worry; ami along wltk
the overdriven man we have the Uiiy
man also. ,
"Just to test this labor question." the
visitor tol l the correspondent, "I went
to plantations lu Virginia and lo farms
in Ohio, dressed In my old duds, nnj
asked for work. There was plenty of
it. Tin- planters and farmers were all
willing to give me $H a month uuJ
good board ami a cl.nn bed nil the year
round. I reckoned il up liiat 1 could
eao SIMi a year at that riue, and get
fat, too. I lia', e worked hard in my
time In rough employ meu'fi, and have
no fea r of sw in ting.
"Well, then I ou t some young fellows
in Wit-hington. loafing alsmt the bar
rooms and In front of the hotels, talk
ing iibotit hard limes.
" Poy-i,' 1 said, "there is no to e-1 of
loitf.ii? and gnuiibl.iig. I'll tell you
when you can get work: go over P
Alexandria, and there's Mr. So and a t
wants a man; another wants three, and
still another two. Wages Sin a mouth,
bread, baiter and meat, and peaches
and cream in the sen son.
"'Viiit can r ail Sunday and learn
something, ale! conn- out wit!) money lu
your pocket at the end of ihe year. Why
loaf on your friends and laik politic.
"My reception by those young men
was not ci.iliti-iastic. Some "aid tl.ey
had never woiked at hard manual la
bor; other's bated farming, ii was so
ditll it) the etittni ry. All softs of eciist
wer g:ven, b;a not one prompted by
good sen -e Ii !e! u wjiingni't-s lo do holi
est, hard work.
"Nov.- t-hai's a line lot of young men
for you! Volt call them, I suppose, the
'Hope of America,' and a!! that!"
The fact is, our cities are crowded
with men, eo that there is a surplus in
every li'j -ii-ct !n-!i t of la Vol". The coun
try has been emptied of the brawn an
muscle that should be given to agricul
ture. On a farm a man can at least
raise food etc-ugh lo avoid starvation;
and if he is not abb- to purchase laud
and cannot find ocapatioii In our cilies,
there are farmers in nearly all parts of
the country who will be glad to employ
him. Von th's Companion.
A means for preventing the noise
nuide by trains In passing over Iron
bridges has been devin-d by a tiermati
engineer. He puts a dei king of 'J'4 Inch
planks between the cross girders, rest
ing on " inch timttcrs laid on the Isit
tout flanges. On the planks a double
layer of felt is Isid. which is fixed to
the vertical iveb of the cross girder. At
the counectlous with the girder a tlm-ls-r
cover joint is placed on felt, and
two hooked bolt connect the whole
firmly to the Isittom flange. Four inches
of sing gravel cover ihe decking, which
Ik inclined toward the center of ihe
bridge for drainage purpoM--. A layer
of felt is laid betw.-ii ii,,. ii,Hiks iiud
the timlrf-rs l hey r : i upon, ami the
Ironwork in contact with decking mid
bullast is asphalted. The decking
weighs iJMipoumls per yard for a bridge
eleven feet wide, and tsts llVyl. a
s.piare foot. It Is water tight, and h ap
proved very satisfactory In preventing
, I took (livers.
An Innovation In book covers Is a
white metal cover that cannot be bent
at Ihe corners. The volumes thus; far
prHliioed In this style of binding are
rather heavy, but their indestructible
quality will be of great advantage to
libraries ami otner Iss.k using institu
tions. Aluminum Is also proposed for
the purpoe. If its cost will not prohibit
A household ciirlmnliter has Ihi-d tie
vised and Is manufactured by a con
siruction comKiny of .New York. The
garUige is burned to charcoal In a re
tort Inserted in the kitchen stove pipe,
or Into nil enlarged section of t. It Is
said there Is not the least smell from
it, and that the rtiaiVHl c(lu ). u.j
for kindling the fire.
Always a horn islg-n.
When a man discovers (hut the press
la meddlesome It Is safe to assume that
bis interests are not In harmony with
those of the people.
Earl and baron were tltlm created by
William 1. instead of the old Kaaou
tltlw alderman or earl and thane.
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