The Sioux County journal. (Harrison, Nebraska) 1888-1899, October 15, 1896, Image 5

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Whenever Danger Threatened the
Country They Have Ballied
to Its Support
Employment of Labor in Mechanical
Industries and Not Debased
Money it Needed.
Whenever danger threatened our Insti
tution the firmer ha always rallied to
the support of his couutry. There U
(wal ri'ou in this, in the fact that he
own the broad acres of our territory and
U so identified with our institution that
protect him in this owuersbip that bis in
terest i neceiutarily of a character to
ninke him the safe conservator of our
government's perpetuity,, prosperity aud
In the present campaign we are con
fronted by an Issue that affects every
clnxs of our citizens, hence, there la an
interest in the outcome more intense Jhan
in any campaign since 1800. One reason
for the manifestation for so much inter
em Is the fact that the country naa been
sufferinu from an unprecedented period
of depression and Is earnest In jts intent
to secure relief. Among those who la
bor none hare more reason, for com
plaint than the fanner. Prieea of: Wi
producta, hava been tew. tralnea of land
and stock aJUinud to decline,
until - Umx Jprtwtd,
propoaitn... .
thai haa tatw V1
others, la the free -JjXumA
of silver. - r &,.' ..
There never .trap JtorT. deceptive
proposition, one morJ"ttartIlqii in its
effect 11 and results and one tbat would
be more disappointing should it become
a practical fact. It is advocated by
men having a pecuniary interest at stake,
backed by a combination of capitnl un
Miialcd by auy that has ever attempted
to control our government since the day
of the slave (tower. The silver mine
owners of the l ulled States, skilled in
political maneuvering, have organised
themselves into a syndicate for the pur
pose of forcing upon the country, with
.out regard to consequences, the free and
unlimited coinage of silver.
The miignificent scheme was outlined
by Mr. Hryan in his Madison square
speech when ho said: "At the present
time am! under the present law, a silver
dollar when melted loses nearly one-half
its value, but that will not be true when
we can establish a mint price of silver
and leave no surplus silver upon the
miirket to drag down the price of sil
ver bullion," and then to show the pos
sibility of cornering silver and forcing
It to a price satisfactory to mine owners,
"we cannot even expect nil of the an
nual product of silver because India,
China, Japan, Mexico and other silver
using countries must satisfy their annual
need from the annual product: the arts
will require a large amount and the gold
standard countries will need a consider
able quantity for subsidiary coinage;
we will be required to chin only that
which is not needed elsewhere, but if we
stand rendv to take and ntllise all of it,
other nations will be ready to buy at
the price we fix."
This is the silver miners scheme ns
outlined by Mr. Bryan. The people are
invited to loan the resources of this gov
ernment to a silver syndicate in order
that it may be able by taking tll the
silver that Is ofTered to the world to
fix the price and compel other nations
to pay that price. This Is worse than
free and unlimited coinage, yet it Is the
only way Mr. Hryan says whereby the
price Of silver can be maintained at
parity with gold. The magnitude- of the
scheme and their audacity in attenpt
Ing its execntion challenges admiration,
but the American people are accustomed
to Investigate the claims of parties and
men. They want to know for themselves
the why and wherefores, If some (rront
radical change is promised. That they
will thus investigate and judge for them
selves is evidence that they are quali
fied for self-government.
That present conditions are hard, es
pecially among the farming class, rvcry
one admits. There is undoubtedly a
cause for this abnormal condition. The
silver advocates attribute the existing
depression to the demonetization .f sil
ver, "the crime of 18711" as they desig
nate the suspension of coinage of silver
dollar in 173.
They fail to show how that legislation
reduced prices; they simply assert that it
did. They fail also to show why. prices
continued to decline after coinage of sil
ver was resnmed in 1H78. They ignore
II the facts of development, the largo
and unprecendented production of farm
products and especially the, unprofitable
division of labor. The building of new
railroads and the opening of vast terri
tories for cultivation are entirely ignored.
During the years 1H7H-7I) and 80 it is
known that over (M0.Q00 mechanics left
the factories and shops of New England
and the middle and older Western states
to locate 00 the lands in Kansas and Ne
braska and the Dakota s. These all be
came active producers instead of consum
ers of farm products.
What we now need la to reverse this
condition of affair and secure less pro
ducer and more consumers of farm pro
ducts. If by any way we can do this, we
will have accomplished something prac
tical in correcting the ills onr fanners
have to hear. Then la a method . by
which this may be accomplished, a remc-
dy tbat it not only -practical but per
manent and far reaching In It effects.
There is a well established principle In
political economy often referred to by
wrltern that "the greatest creator of
-wealth la the greatest possible division of
labor." Previous to the election of 1802
under the operation of the Republican
policy of protection, we were struggling
, to reallae Our benefit of this principle and
we w-re rapidly overcoming onr adverse
conditions by increasing- the. demand for
farm product. The interest which the
movement of labor ba In protective du
tie I'M in the effect which the movement
of Is l or hna upon the supply and ojcmnnd
of igrl'iil'ursl products. It Is rmirnxsibli
to. .maintain proper division of Inbor.
except we produce the largest amount of
manufactured goo.s possible within our
own territory. Open our ports free and
allow our markets to lie supplied by the
manufacturer of Kurojie and the effect
would be to eouipni ear wage earning
Has to becouie farmer or producer of
farm products.
The year Ktl shows a record of mar
velous activity in the direction of secur
ing a larger division of lalsir by em
ploying more in our mechanical Indus
trie. Our shops were tilling up. new
enterprises were started, labor In
demand at good prices in mechanical in
dustries, reciprocity was enlarging and
extending our markets and we seemed
in every way to tie realizing for the
American farmer and artisan the full
value of that law of political economy
and creating wealth by "division of la
bor." In 1892 the policy of protection waa re
versed and thus the laborer from the
shops and factories were forced from
sheer necessity to go out upon the land
and become producers instead of consum
ers, it has been estimated tnnt over a
million laborers have since the election of
1812 when compelled to seek employ
ment iu farming in order to obtain sub
sistence for themselves aud families;
many of these, have converted parcels
of ground near and around their homes
into corn ami potato patches, thereby
enormously decreasing the demand for
the products of the regular farm It
is easy to understand when the full effi-el
of this shitting of htlmrfrom the mechan
ical industries to the farm is considered.
what the effect must be upou prices
or farm products.
In view of these facts, all of which can
be verified in the past history of out
country, it is nlain that onr farmers are
directly interested ill the employment of
labor and that their prosperity dceno
largely ii in 'ii whether that' labor is. cm
ployed as coniMtitors in the production
of farm uroducts. or as consumers cm
ployed iu the mechanical Industrie of
the country, we lire certainly learning
from a severe practical exiicriciiee the
truth and value of the economic principle
alieady referred to that "the greatest
creator of wealth js the greatest possible
division of labor. We nre also learning
that this division of In I or in iv be
brought about by a wise policy of protec
tion The effect of production upon the
products of the farm can be summed up
in a few words. First, will It Increase
or diminish the numlwr engaged in pro
ducing the products of the farm? Sec
ond, will it increase or diminish the unm
bcr of consumers of farm products'
When you have answered thse two
plain proioHitlons you will lie muster of
the entire argument of protection and
free trade, so far as the farmer is con
cerned. Von need be concerned In no
way about the free coinage of tulver
as this cannot in any way possible in
crease or diminish the consumption of
your products. Its adoption, however,
would have the effect, as Mr. Bryan
admits, of producing a panic nnd con
tinned depression iu onr mechanical in-
' '! M in labor to tbe f.irui
rt wn saSilw aabetlready
isrvwuciitg, lanu prouucis.
,'. The employment of Inbor In our me
chanical Industries and not tbo free
coinage of silver is the thing that in 'cr
ests the farmer aud is to secure for him
the prosperity he so much desires. II.
A. Wlllard, Chattanooga, Tenn.
NO 3I0XKY IS TOO 0001).
MaJ. MoKlnlay Bocalls the Days of
State Banks and Wildcat
Maj. McKiulcy said to a delegation
from Indiana which visited bis home uii
September 2.'!:
I believe In America for Americans-
native-bocn and naturalized. (AppluiiM'.i
I believe in the American pay roll
(Laughter aud applause.) And I do not
believe in diminishing that pay roll by
giving work to anybody else under an
other flag while we have an idle mini
under our flag. (Tremendous applause.)
Four years ago the laborer was agitat
ing the question of shorter hours. Wc
then bad so much to do. I have heard
no discussion of that kind for four years.
(Laughter and applause.) Hut I have
never heard of the laboring limn dis
cussing the desirability of having short
dollars. I ho complaint the chief cihisi
of complaint of our opponent is hist,
that we have not enough money; and,
second, that our money is too good.
(Laughter.) To the hrst complaint I
answer that the tier capita of circulating
medium iu this country has been greater
since the so-called crime of Dii'.i than it
ever wns before (applause), and Hint it
has been greater iu the last live years
than it ever was in all our history. K'rien
of "That's right.") We have not only
the best money in the world, but we have
more of it per capita than most of the
nations of the world. (Applause.) We
have more money per capita than the
United Kingdom per capita; tlwin Ger
many,, than Italy, than Switzerland,
('recce. Spain, Koumniihi, Hervin, Aus
tria. Hungary, Norway, Sweden, I Ion
mark. Kussin, Mexico and the Central
and South Amcricnu states, and more
than Japan or China, (('rear applause,)
So that some reason rather tliati the lack
of volume of money must be found to
nccoiiut for the present condition of the
To the second complaint that our
money is too good, it would seem to he
euough to say that the money of any
country cannot be too good: and that
no nation ever an Hers from having its
medium of exchange of the highest ami
best quality. (Great ti'iplauso.) It has
lieen poor money not good money that
has been the cause of so much loss aud
ruin in the past, lsith to individuals and
to nations. (Applause.) Tbe older men
of this audience will remember that he
fore the war we did business with an 1111
certnin and fluctuating currency known
as state bank money. Many of these
banks and their notes were absolutely
sound: but for the most part they were
subject to a discount. The total num
ber of bunks in IH'M, exclusive of stati
bank brunches, was 1570. Of this
number, the "counterfeit detector.'
then in constant use, reported
Kt2 as "broken, closed. failed,
fraudulent anil worthless." The notes
of these banks were in circulation
among tbe rx-ople nnd had been received
by them for llieir good labor and their
good products. They were absolutely
worthless and of no more value than the
isiper upon which they were printed. Up
on whom did thi loss fall, my citixens?
There Is scarcely n old gentleman in this
audience who will not recall that it fell
upon the lalKiring man and the fanners
of the United Suites, (dies of "That's
right.''! I nllu'le to this only to show
that those who suil'ca most from poor
mouey ore the least able to bear the iorh.
It is the history of mankind that the least
valuable money which will pass current
is the money ttmt at last finds its resting
place among the )wr people aud when
the crash comes, the loss, must be borne
by thoni. And I doubt If there is n mm
In this niiilii'iice who lias not among the
belonging'' of his latnily or the family of
his fntlu r some of the old bank paper as
a reminder of what they lost. (A voice:
"I have fin at lioni" myself.") I cannot
Imagine any ln;mt tlint can be per
Dianently snl'scncl y having poor mon
ey. .The bare ct'iefni of such a nrnrsi
sltion to a man reason meets (ta in
stant rejection.
If the New York World wonts to
briug either of th" wrn' Democritic
parties Into a tariff fight the llepuhlicm
parfv Is ready. 'Hie Democrats will be
defeated all the more emphatically. A
tjiriff for rc'-ci-oe on'y. w''ieh both Dem
ocratic par''" i'eiuiit. til's country will
not have. -lii;.).!'. i-vim
Socialist The reason I'm a Hryan man Is because I want to cut down the wealth of these plutocrats.
Worklngmsn Yes, I've though! a bit about that, but It strikes me a good deal like biting off one's nose to spite one's face.
Hoeln list-How's that?
Workliignian Well, I'll tell you. Just suppose, for Instance, that a man whose Income Is 110,000 s year has Its purchasing
power cut down to $.VSW by free silver; he can worry along very nicely, can't bet Hot how about the fellows whose Incomes
.: amount to only (QUO, or even ftOO? If free silver cuts the purchasing power p'owB to 1300, or $150, It will squeeze them prettj
hard, won't it? St. I'aul Pioneer Press.
Free Silver Issue of Vit' .fmport
to Wives and Mothers of
Working Women will Also be Far
Worse Off Than the
While the value of the wages earned
by everyone who works for a living will
be greatly reduced by the free coinage
of silver, the working women will be fur
worse off in this respect than the men.
Their wages will not probably be. re
duced iu a greater ratio than the wages
of the men, but 'they will stand n poorer
chance of securing nn advance to meet
the increased cost of living. They will
have to submit to the hardship of high
prices and low wages with less hope of
remedying their condition.
One principal cause of this "disadvant
age is that the women employed in pro
ductive industries have not the organized
unions with which to sustain their inter
ests. The great advance in ilie wages
of labor, especially of skilled labor,
which bus been made during the past,
twenty yeurs, is due in large measure to
the intelligent organization of the work
ingmeu. U is an error to regard the
labor unions as the machinery for pro
ducing strikes nnd Isiycotts. l'roporly
and sagaciously conducted, these organi
zations are preventive of labor contro
versies, for they provide the-, means of
conference and adjustment of questions
on which there is disagreement between
employer ami workmen; and especially
when the question is that of increase of
wages they have been effective iii secur
ing a proper recognition of what is due
to labor ns its share iu the ooiniieiuutioii
of production.
The wages of women workers hnve,.
Indeed, ndvaneod along with those of
men, though not to n corresponding fig
ure, nnd the labor unions have regnrd
in some degree for the wages of female
operatives as well; but the lack of or
ganizations of their own will leave the
thousands of women workers in our
manufacturing industries at a marked
disadvantage if their wages should be
cut down in value by the free coinage
of silver and the consequent depreciation
of the money iu which they are paid.
In this res;ioct, as always, it is the
weaker that must bear the greater share
of the burden; and the struggle to bring
wages up to n living rate after free coin
age has reduced them by perhaps one
half of their purchasing value would be
long and weary for the working wom
en. It is not a pleasant prospect for
the thousands of women who today work
for wages in onr mercantile and iiiiinu
facturiiig establishments. They are an
industrious, self-supporting class, many
of them contributing to the family fund
from their weekly earnings and having
a just pride in their ow u independence
and their ability to aid others. Any
public policy which cuts off their re
sources is a cruel wrong by which the
whole ciiimiionity mut suffer.
lOvery mother of a family has ever lie
fore her the dread possibility of the
death of the one whose li(bor provides the
means of living before'the duy comes
when the sons will he able to take up
Ihe burden of snpitort and Ihe daughters
be comfortably settled in homes of their
own. Kven if, the children are grown up
sml taking care of themselves, and even
If they are doing so well as to Ik- able to
ftivo her n home after the death of the
insband and futher, she looks forward to
the time when she will be left alone with
a dread of the loss of independence in
case the accumulations of her husband's
working years have not been great
enough n provide her means of subsist
ence nfttr he Is gone. So it Is that the
prudent man Insures his life for the bene
fit of his wife and his children, pnylng
from year to year during hie active life
the cost of ansnriiriee thot at his death
his family will receive a mm of money
fufflcient 'o avert the mffcrings of desti
tution. in m!i ises. (lis inioir.Hiee policy is
the only thing of value the husband and
father call leave to the wife and chll
ilrnfl. lie mnv have' been able to lay by
! no money in the savings bank, he imiy
die suddenly In a period of hard times
i t'nd business reverses, wh'cli have strip
ucd fci of aavluga f batter Auy,
and the insurance money may thus be
come the sole resource of the widow and
orphans. Surely, a fund such as this
ought to be sacred against robbery
through" depreciation of the value of the
money in which it is paid. Free silver,
on the basis of the present value of the
two metals, would rob every widow of
half the money value coining to her
from the insurance carried by her hus
band. And this would be a stupendous rob
bery indeed. The rive Massachusetts
life insurance companies of which sta
tistics are given in the commissioner's
report, paid $4..-!7,:lK.S in death claims
last year. The grand total reported of
all life insurance companies doing busi
ness in this state was $li.Hr1.477. Can
the women, for whose benefit most of
this insurance money was paid, regard
with equanimity the' loss of $:,0K),000
in one year? There are millions of wom
en dependent upon the payment of such
policies. The Massachusetts companies
had 1Z2,(!0 policies in force last year,
calling for $322,874,(K. in case of death.
The grand total, including all companies,
wns 1,74,'1,,'iriO policies, amounting to the
enormous sum of .fl,7!)5,OH;i,S('i. Right
here in Mnani-hiisetts there is $87,010,
4lii) at stake in this way.
In addition to all these there are the
assessment life Insurance companies,
with ;'.),.'I20 certificates in force, repre
senting $D;i,.r22,457; the fraternal bene
ficiary associations, with n membership
of 854.iTs). which paid out $l!t.(K;.'i.(!.V
for lO.Otil death claims Inst year; the
casually companies, which paid out
$'(00,301. All these, which are primari
ly for the relief of widows and orphans,
would have to pay in depreciated money
under free silver.
But 1 lie money in which the premiums
on these policies have been paid is
money as good ns gold, worth 100 cents
on the dollar. In Massachusetts alone
last yenr $10.740.Hf!7 was thus paid. Do
not the women want, nnd is it not their
right, to receive from the insurance com
panies as good money as their husbands
paid for the insurance? lioston Post.
There Ms not so much fanaticism and
foolishness in the country as was sup
posed when Hryan captured the Chicago
convention with his "crown of thorns"
anil "cross of gold" harangue. The
level-headedneKS of the masses Is still
to be counted upon as a safeguard against
Socialism and nnnrehy.
Powderly hits the nnil squarely on the
head when he tells the workingmnn that
his mm in with regard to money should
be, "The best is none too good for
A man Is said to have injured his ankle
In a silver debate. That's what conies
of letting nennle with comparatively lit
tle strength juggle with these heavy ar
guments. Mr. Powderly, who says the Bryan
free-silver panic would be worse for la
bor than nil the strikes ever known, will
come in for the abuse of the Debsites,
who want strikes galore, free ilver,
free rum nnd a general break-up. '
A government, like an individual, must
have a reputation for honesty and have
good hacking if it docs business with
the great world outNide of Its own lim
its. Mark Manna is firmly of the belief
thnt the only effective confidence restora
tive is put tip nt Canton.
Hryan says that "the present dollar has
too great purchasing power." Ask some
one who sweats through eight hours to
earn one whether this Is true.
Spain wants more money. She should
send for Uryan. .
An honest dollar la the noblest work of
Even the Democrats of Michigan,
Wisconsin nnd Ohio are flocking to the
standard of McKinley. The same thing
afflicts Mr. Bryan, it seems, thnt led the
parrot of story Into serious trouble. lie
talks too much. f
Neither free silver nor any other cheap
money device can bring prosperity to a
nation burdened with a tariff which oc
erates adversely to the interests of its
own people
Bryan appears to be one of those men
who think they know It nil. and an in
telligent and observing public does not
need to be Informed what URiially Imp
pens to them.
To put money Into circulation is the
need o the time, and thnt can be done
only by a protective tariff thnt will re
vive Indnstry.
Bryan's campaign speeches are !'.k" a
miiiMrel show. Vim hour one, you
them all.
Scared capital runs faster than Ilgla
ning. It Is bod enough to give nwnr onr
markets to other countries, without giv
ing them our mints also,
Miy. McKinley'gJSiicitous Ee
marks to a Delegation of m
Young Buckeyes.
Priceless Privilege of Be ng Able to
Vote for Protection and Na
tional Honor.
The first visitors to Maj. McKinley's
home ou September 25 were members
of a big delegation of voters from Wood
county, O. They were beaded by At
torney It. S Tarker of Bowling Green,
who made the speech of presentation.
In responding Maj. McKinley said in
"Mr. Parker. Ladies and Gentlemen:
I nm very glad to meet at my home this
representative delegation from Wood
county. I cannot imagine a body of
citizens more representative than that
which I see before me here today men
and women, old nnd young, workingmcn
and farmers, men of every profession
and calling in your county; and it indi
cates to me that no matter what may
be asserted in other quarters of the
country there is no such thing known as
'classes' iu Wood county. (Great ap
plause nnd cries of 'That's right.') I
am especially glad to mtike suitable
recognition of the women who have hon
ored me with their- presence today.
(Cheers.) They are a mighty factor in
our progress and civilization, and they
have been most potential in every crisis
of American history. (Renewed cheer
ing.) I am glad to know that they are
interested in the party of good morals,
good politics, good government and pub
lic and private honesty. (Great np
ila use.)
"The presence of this body of young
men who are to vote for the lirst time
next November is to me an inspiring
sight, and that you are so soon to enjoy
the priceless privilege of citizenship must
lie to nil of yon an inspiring thought.
Kor twenty-one years you have been en
joying our free institutions, the protec
tion and opportunity of -ur laws, with
out any political power or responsibility.
True Worth of NuflYage.
"I fear sometimes thnt few of us esti
inato suffrage at its true worth. It
clothes us with sovereignty. It is a
guaranty to our liberties and institutions
and is our surest safety. It is the con
stitutional mode of expressing the popu
lar will. Through it public policies are
determined and public laws enacted.
Through it administrations are changed
and administrations arc made. Through,
it onr whole governmental machinery is
conducted. It is indeed a priceless inher
itance, and should be valued ns such by
every young man.
"With the privilege comes grave re
sponsibilities in its use. It should ex
press tbe intelligence uud judgment and
conscience of the vqler. .It should never
be employed for any base use. It should
be exorcised with courage, wisdom and
patriotism. It should never, no never,
be thrown against the country, nnd
should never represent public dishonor,
(Great applause.) I recall, young men,
my lirst vote. With what a thrill of
pride 1 exercised for the first time the
full prerogative of citizenship. I have
not realized greater pride since. I felt
i thnt I hnd some part in the government.
The period nnd circumstances when I
cast my first vote may hnve made a
deeper Impression upon me thnn it olhor-
wise would, but I recnll it now after
thirty-two yenrs with sensations of joy
1 nnd satisfaction. (Applause.) In the
crisis of war, in the very field of eon
' Diet, my first vote was cast for Abraham
. Lincoln, ((.rent cheering.) It is to nie
a piioeless memory. Whnt a glorious
privilege to have been permitted to vote
for a enndidnte for President whose serv
ices to his country in the greatest peri
of Its life rank with the services of
Washington, the fnther of his country,
(Applause.) Priceless memory to tne thnt
) could vote for the martyr to liberty,
; (lie cinnneipntor of a nice, nud the snvioi
of the only free government niiiopg m,n.
!t I e n t cheering. )
"Von, gentlemen, did not have thnt
or'ivilcge, but it hnvlng been denied yon
I here will be some satisfaction to you to
i vote for the party of Lincoln, which I'ul
1 liijil the young men of the cuuutry
around tbe ha Bar r of liberty, nVm and
national honor, between 18tiO and 18K!
aplausc), nd now summons you under
the same glorious banner. (Renewed
Appropriate QiMtaUa frsas Llaeala.
"I cannot omit here to make a quota
tion from Mr. Lincoln, written to the
young men of Illinois on June 22, 1MH.
Mr. Lincoln said: 'Now as to tbe young
men. You must not wait to lie brought
forward by tbe older men. You, young
men get together, form a "rough and
ready club," and have regular meetings
and speeches. Take in everybody you
can get. A a you go along gather up all
the shrewd, wild boys about town,
whether just of age or a little under
age. I-t everyone play the part he can
play best. Some speak, some sing and
all holler. (Great laughter.) Your
meetings will be of evenings. The old
er men and women will go to hear you
and see you. It will not only contribute
to the election of Old Zach, but it will
be interesting pastime and improving
to the intellectual faculties of all en
gaged. Do not fail to do this.' (Great
"I commend these homely words of
Mr Lincoln to the yonng men of the
country, Such organizations as he ad
vises will have powerful influence iu the
political contest which is now upon us.
They will not only inspire the young
men, but will cheer the hearts of the
old guards of the Republican party.
(Applause.) It is seldom given to the
first voters of this country to start in so
iin Mirt n ii t a national contest, where so
much is involved, and where so many in
terests are at stake. It is a year, too,
when old party divisions count for lit
tle; when men of all parties are united
in the common object to save the coun
try from dishonor and its currency ,
from degradation.
"It is always safe, young gentlemen,
to arrange yourself on tbe side of your
country. (Applause.) It is always wise
to stand against lawlessness and repudi
ation. (Kenewed apnlaiise and cries of
"That's right.") It is always patriotic
to stand against those who are opposed
to law and order, and who would raise
artificial harriers between classes or sec
tions in the United States. (Great np
plause.) I congratulate you upon (he
glorious opportunities you have, and, ap
preciating those opportunities, I am sure
you will use them for the welfare of the
people and the glory of the country.
Further Reference to Mints and Mills.
"My fellow citizens, I ventured a few
weeks ago to suggest in a public speech
that I made that it would be better to
open the mills than to open the mints.
(Great cheering and cries of "That's
right.") I see that Mime of our political
adversaries criticise the statement, say
ing thnt it is 'putting the curt before the
horse.' They seem to think thnt the way
to open the woolen mills, for example, is
to start a yardstick factory. (Great
laughter and applause.) Tliey forget
that you must make cloth before you
cau measure it (renewed laughter) and
that the weaver must be employed before
tlf yardstick is required. (Applause.)
But they say the yardstick is too long.
I answer if you make n yardstick nine
teen inches long instead of thirty-six
inches, its present length, you will not
increase the output of cloth or itH value
or give an additional day's labor to an
American weaver. (Great applause.)
Nor will a FiH-cent dollar increase our in
iliiHtrijii enterprises, add to the actual
earnings of anybody, or enhance the real
value of anything. (Great applause and
cries of "That's right.") It will wrong
labor and wreck values, and has done so
wherever it has been used. (Great ap
plause and cries of "That's right.") More
cloth might require more yardsticks
(laughter), but more yardsticks or short
er ones will not create a demand for
more cloth. (Kenewed laughter and cries
of "Good, good.") Nor will short dol
lars with wide open mints, free to all
the world increase our factories. (Ap
plause nnd cries of "You nre right.')
More factories nt work will find .work
for the good dollars now in their hiding
places, and find employment for the good
men now idle at their homes. (Tremen
dous cheering.)
"Industry must come first. Labor
precedes nil else. It is the foundation
of wealth: it is the creator, of nil
wealth. (Applause.) Its active employ
ment nuts money in circulation and sends
it coursing through every artery of trade.
(Great applause and cries of "That's
right!") The mints don't distribute it
in that way. (Cries of "You bet they
don't"') Start the factories in full
blast and the money will flow from bank
nnd vault. The lender will seek the
borrower, not. as now, the borrower the
lender. (Great cheering nnd cries of
"That's right!")
"Start the factories and put American
machinery in operation, and there will
not be ail idle mnn in the country who
is willing nnd able to work; there will
not be nn American home where hunger
and want will not disappear at once;
(great applause and cries of "That's
right!"); and there will not be a farmer
who will not be cheered and benefited by
his improved home markets nnd by the
better and steadier prices for his prod
ucts. (Kenewed applause and cries of
"That's right!") Credits will take the
place of debts. The wasted earnings of.
the poor will be restored. A surplus
will take the place of a deficiency in the
public treasury (cries of "That's right!");
plenty uud prosiierity will return to us
ngain: and do not forget, men and wom
en of Wood county, that you cannot coin
prosperity (great cheering), and you en:;
ni,t revive industries through the mints.
(Grent applause and cries of "That's
right!") They come through labor and
confidence, skill nnd enterprise, and hon
esty, and they will come no other way."
(Great applause.)
What McKinley lll for llcxtilute Miners
Less than Two Years Ago.
While Candidate Bryan is going about
the country telling fairy tales of what
he and his" policy will do for the poor,
the question naturally arises: "Whnt
has he ever done for the working poor?
Is it his habit or nature to feel for and
trv to relieve the suffering of those less
fortunate in life than himself?"
IJis most loyal supporters make no
claims that he has ever shown this feel
ing for his fellowman until now. In
fact, he bus no record of ever having
a'one out of his way to do iii.ytliiiig for
what be calls the "masses." On the
other hand, Mnj. McKinley, while not
posing as one who "weeps for the
masses," has a record. He says nothing
out the occurrence "which gave tho
v'rld an insight Into the heart of tho
r an an occurrence tich demonstrated
i 'tt he was the friem at those who are
n svr and hungry, but a great multitude
r,',i.embers it. Such acts live in the
n rnory of those who "earn their bread
hi the sweat of theit face."
In spenking of Mo. McKinley, the
Orind llnpids Herald ft.vs:
' No account of M 'Is luley a connec
tion with labor prohle jis would be com
plete without some mention of the tiro
es energy which he displayed in secur
ing relief for the 20Xt miners in the
Hocking valley mining district who early
'n ISII'i were reported out of work and
destitute. The news Heat, came to the
governor -at midnight, but before ft
o'clock in the morning le had upon his
own resiumtibility disimtched to tlv af
flicted district n car efntalning f.000
.vorth of provisions, letter he made i
immiU for assistance nnil finally distrib
ii tcil among the "2:i I'nmllies h the
district clothing ami i.rarlslona Iv tha
amount ( irtfM.W